294213
/en/utdanning/statistikker/introinnv/aar-tidligere-deltakere
294213
statistikk
2017-12-20T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants;Public sector
en
introinnv, Introduction programme for immigrants, introduction benefitKOSTRA , Adult education, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Public sector, Education
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Introduction programme for immigrants

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

61 %

of the participants in the introduction programme are working or studying after one year

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme.
2016
Both sexesMalesFemales
Number
Labour force status, total4 1322 2191 913
Employed and / or in education, total2 5021 571931
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total457211246
Other or unknown status, total1 173437736
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total617149
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total111013
Other or unknown status, total282038

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex
2016
NumberPercent
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
 
Labour force status, total4 1322 2191 913100100100
 
Employed and / or in education, total2 5021 571931617149
Employed1 315896419324022
Employed and in education517322195131510
In education670353317161617
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total457211246111013
Jobseekers not registered unemployed265132133667
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures19279113546
Other or unknown status, total1 173437736282038
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure1477275434
Receive work assessment allowances854540222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance20....0....
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit82....2....
Receives social assistance3691392309612
Other groups923656223
Unknown3781322469613

Table 2 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex and age

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex and age
2016
20-24 years25-29 years30-34 years35-39 years40-44 years45-50 years51 years or older
 
Both sexes
Labour force status, total5519051 107635472282162
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total77636161574522
Employed12323441423417
Employed and in education251513955..
In education41161311117..
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total491211151522
Jobseekers not registered unemployed2687889
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures23557713
Other or unknown status, total19282728284057
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure1344574
Receive work assessment allowances..1..2369
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance..0........2
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit233.......
Receives social assistance687991230
Other groups..122366
Unknown1011109765
 
Males
Labour force status, total30147161935324014975
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total84767370654929
Employed15444450503924
Employed and in education2718171053.
In education421413101075
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total261011131629
Jobseekers not registered unemployed..5767815
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures..1355815
Other or unknown status, total14181619233541
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure..34346..
Receive work assessment allowances.2..3..78
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance.........3..
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit........
Receives social assistance65458923
Other groups....12254
Unknown76665....
 
Females
Labour force status, total25043448828223213387
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total68504549494115
Employed7202229342810
Employed and in education22139747..
In education39171413117..
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total7111512171415
Jobseekers not registered unemployed..697983
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures..5758611
Other or unknown status, total24394039344570
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure..33668..
Receive work assessment allowances..1..1..610
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance.............
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit466......
Receives social assistance6121014101437
Other groups...32488
Unknown131615129....

Table 3 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after leaving the programme. By sex and country background

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after leaving the programme. By sex and country background
2016
NumberPercent
Labour force status, totalLabour force status, totalEmployed and / or in education, totalRegistered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, totalOther or unknown status, total
 
Both sexes
 
Total4 132100611128
Of this:
Russia5210054838
Burundi2010070030
Eritrea920100701020
Ethiopia24310072820
Congo4510069....
Libya21100483319
Somalia1 218100491338
Sudan280100691022
Afghanistan28110057935
Myanmar79100651619
Iraq115100531730
Iran24510067924
China60100601327
Palestine28100501139
Saudi Arabia2010070....
Syria326100601228
 
Males
 
Total2 219100711020
Of this:
Russia11100..0..
Burundi6100..0..
Eritrea47910079813
Ethiopia11910082811
Congo2510080020
Libya11100....
Somalia665100641025
Sudan208100741017
Afghanistan11810078418
Myanmar32100532225
Iraq52100671517
Iran122100721018
China2610058....
Palestine9100..0..
Saudi Arabia10100......
Syria247100661221
 
Females
 
Total1 913100491338
Of this:
Russia41100..1038
Burundi14100..0..
Eritrea441100601228
Ethiopia12410063928
Congo2010055....
Libya10100..30..
Somalia553100311653
Sudan72100541036
Afghanistan163100411247
Myanmar47100721315
Iraq63100411940
Iran12310062929
China3410062....
Palestine19100..16..
Saudi Arabia10100......
Syria79100411347

Table 4 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex and residence while in programme

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex and residence while in programme
2016
Persons, by residence while in programme
NumberPercent
TotalTotalEmployed and / or in education, totalRegistered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, totalOther or unknown status, total
 
Both sexes
 
The whole country4 132100611128
 
0101 Halden7100....0
0104 Moss22100363627
0105 Sarpsborg4910059833
0106 Fredrikstad23100....22
0213 Ski1810078....
0217 Oppegård16100....38
0219 Bærum9510064531
0220 Asker3310079....
0230 Lørenskog2210077....
0231 Skedsmo3710070....
0233 Nittedal9100....44
0235 Ullensaker10100......
0236 Nes (Ak.)12100..0..
0237 Eidsvoll......00
0301 Oslo37610053938
0403 Hamar2010060....
0412 Ringsaker16100......
0417 Stange31100582319
0427 Elverum29100412831
0501 Lillehammer1910079....
0502 Gjøvik31100....35
0602 Drammen88100601128
0604 Kongsberg1810067....
0605 Ringerike13100..0..
0625 Nedre Eiker6100......
0626 Lier1410071....
0627 Røyken11100..45..
0701 Horten1710071....
0704 Tønsberg1110055....
0706 Sandefjord (-2016)2010070....
0709 Larvik25100....52
0722 Nøtterøy....0....
0805 Porsgrunn7100..0..
0806 Skien4310060....
0904 Grimstad1010050....
0906 Arendal1810050....
1001 Kristiansand9610055540
1102 Sandnes40100581825
1103 Stavanger1910053....
1106 Haugesund2810082....
1124 Sola....00..
1149 Karmøy40100601030
1201 Bergen25310056440
1246 Fjell1210067....
1247 Askøy10100....40
1502 Molde4710057636
1504 Ålesund18100..0..
1505 Kristiansund2310061....
1601 Trondheim19510058833
1702 Steinkjer2110076....
1714 Stjørdal3310076....
1804 Bodø63100731017
1833 Rana47100621919
1902 Tromsø92100671122
1903 Harstad - Hárstták49100632016
 
Males
 
The whole country2 219100711020
 
0101 Halden........0
0104 Moss8100......
0105 Sarpsborg3510071....
0106 Fredrikstad1710071....
0213 Ski10100....0
0217 Oppegård8100......
0219 Bærum5110076....
0220 Asker19100......
0230 Lørenskog15100....0
0231 Skedsmo22100......
0233 Nittedal4100......
0235 Ullensaker5100..0..
0236 Nes (Ak.)......00
0237 Eidsvoll......00
0301 Oslo18310067924
0403 Hamar8100..0..
0412 Ringsaker610010000
0417 Stange1910068....
0427 Elverum1310069....
0501 Lillehammer7100......
0502 Gjøvik1710065035
0602 Drammen48100671023
0604 Kongsberg8100......
0605 Ringerike7100..0..
0625 Nedre Eiker......0..
0626 Lier7100....0
0627 Røyken6100....0
0701 Horten10100......
0704 Tønsberg6100......
0706 Sandefjord (-2016)14100....21
0709 Larvik1510047053
0722 Nøtterøy00000
0805 Porsgrunn....800..
0806 Skien1810067....
0904 Grimstad4100....0
0906 Arendal11100......
1001 Kristiansand5410067....
1102 Sandnes2010065....
1103 Stavanger1010060....
1106 Haugesund14100..0..
1124 Sola00000
1149 Karmøy1810072028
1201 Bergen14610068329
1246 Fjell7100..0..
1247 Askøy5100..0..
1502 Molde2310070030
1504 Ålesund7100..0..
1505 Kristiansund12100....42
1601 Trondheim12110067825
1702 Steinkjer12100......
1714 Stjørdal18100......
1804 Bodø4010080....
1833 Rana2710063....
1902 Tromsø5510078715
1903 Harstad - Hárstták2710078....
 
Females
 
The whole country1 913100491338
 
0101 Halden........0
0104 Moss14100......
0105 Sarpsborg1410029....
0106 Fredrikstad6100......
0213 Ski8100..0..
0217 Oppegård8100..0..
0219 Bærum4410050....
0220 Asker14100......
0230 Lørenskog7100..0..
0231 Skedsmo15100....53
0233 Nittedal5100..0..
0235 Ullensaker5100......
0236 Nes (Ak.)....780..
0237 Eidsvoll......00
0301 Oslo19310040951
0403 Hamar12100....42
0412 Ringsaker10100......
0417 Stange1210042....
0427 Elverum1610019....
0501 Lillehammer12100..0..
0502 Gjøvik14100....36
0602 Drammen40100531335
0604 Kongsberg10100......
0605 Ringerike6100..0..
0625 Nedre Eiker....0....
0626 Lier7100......
0627 Røyken5100......
0701 Horten7100......
0704 Tønsberg5100..0..
0706 Sandefjord (-2016)6100..0..
0709 Larvik10100....50
0722 Nøtterøy....0....
0805 Porsgrunn......0..
0806 Skien2510056044
0904 Grimstad6100..0..
0906 Arendal7100..0..
1001 Kristiansand4210040....
1102 Sandnes2010050....
1103 Stavanger910044056
1106 Haugesund14100....21
1124 Sola....00..
1149 Karmøy22100501832
1201 Bergen10710040753
1246 Fjell5100......
1247 Askøy5100......
1502 Molde24100461342
1504 Ålesund11100..0..
1505 Kristiansund11100......
1601 Trondheim7410045847
1702 Steinkjer9100......
1714 Stjørdal15100..0..
1804 Bodø2310061....
1833 Rana2010060....
1902 Tromsø37100511632
1903 Harstad - Hárstták2210045....

Table 5 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. Three last years. By sex

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. Three last years. By sex
201420152016
Persons, by residence while in programme
One year earlier
 
Both sexes
 
Labour force status, total3 8423 7164 132
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total625861
Employed363032
Employed and in education121313
In education141516
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total111111
Jobseekers not registered unemployed776
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures445
Other or unknown status, total273128
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure334
Receive work assessment allowances222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance000
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit222
Receives social assistance9109
Other groups232
Unknown9109
 
Males
 
Labour force status, total2 0561 9072 219
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total726671
Employed443840
Employed and in education151415
In education141416
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total111210
Jobseekers not registered unemployed886
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures354
Other or unknown status, total172120
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure233
Receive work assessment allowances122
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance......
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit......
Receives social assistance786
Other groups122
Unknown466
 
Females
 
Labour force status, total1 7861 8091 913
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total504949
Employed272122
Employed and in education91210
In education141717
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total111013
Jobseekers not registered unemployed777
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures446
Other or unknown status, total394138
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure444
Receive work assessment allowances222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance......
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit......
Receives social assistance111112
Other groups233
Unknown141513

Table 6 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November for those who ended/left the introduction programme last five years. By sex

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November for those who ended/left the introduction programme last five years. By sex
2016
Persons, by residence while in programme
Five years earlierFour years earlierThree years earlierTwo years earlierOne year earlier
Both sexes
Labour force status, total3 3773 7633 7933 6874 132
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total6366656261
Employed4947443632
Employed and in education911141413
In education6781216
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total1010101011
Jobseekers not registered unemployed77766
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures34445
Other or unknown status, total2724252828
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure33334
Receive work assessment allowances43332
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance21110
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit22232
Receives social assistance66789
Other groups22222
Unknown97789
 
Males
Labour force status, total1 8292 0682 0411 8902 219
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total6872737171
Employed5756524740
Employed and in education811151415
In education4561016
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total1010101010
Jobseekers not registered unemployed77776
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures23334
Other or unknown status, total2218171920
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure22233
Receive work assessment allowances53332
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance21......
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit00......
Receives social assistance55566
Other groups11122
Unknown75546
 
Females
Labour force status, total1 5481 6951 7521 7971 913
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total5758565249
Employed3937332422
Employed and in education911121310
In education810111517
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total911101013
Jobseekers not registered unemployed67667
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures44546
Other or unknown status, total3431333838
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure33544
Receive work assessment allowances44332
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance22......
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit34......
Receives social assistance7791112
Other groups33333
Unknown11991113

About the statistics

The statistics encompass recipients of introduction benefit and include information about the content of their introduction programme and their status at the end of the year. Former participants are defined as those who have completed or left the programme. Their status in the labour market and in education is followed over five years.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Participant

A person who, during the reference year, was registered by a local authority as a participant on the introduction programme.

Former participant

A former participant is someone who completed the programme or for different reasons dropped out of the programme in a given year, and is registered as resident in Norway in November the following year.

Introduction benefit

The introduction benefit is the benefit that introduction programme participants receive from the local authority to cover subsistence expenses during the period of the programme. The benefit on an annual basis is equal to twice the basic amount of National Insurance (2G). Participants under the age of 25 receive two-thirds of the benefit. The benefit is taxable, and if the participant is absent from training and initiatives without a valid reason, their benefit is reduced for each hour they are not in attendance. Everyone receives the same amount of benefit as it is not means tested. This means that it is not reduced due to child allowance, cash support etc. Nor is the benefit reduced due to income from self-employment or other work, or due to the possession of capital. To the extent that paid work is included in the programme, the benefit is reduced correspondingly for the period that the work is carried out. National insurance benefits, such as sickness benefit and unemployment benefit, are nevertheless reduced accordingly.

Initiatives in the introduction programme

The introduction programme is available for persons in need of basic qualification, and as a minimum must include Norwegian language training, knowledge about society and initiatives that prepare participants for further education/training or the labour market.

In addition to traditional Norwegian language training, initiatives are also offered outside the traditional classroom teaching, such as language practice in a workplace. Language practice is part of the Norwegian language training, where participants are placed in a workplace for part of the week in order to practice their Norwegian skills in an authentic setting.

Initiatives that prepare participants for further education/training or the labour market may entail practice work or other initiatives organised by NAV, vocational training, computer training, lower secondary or upper secondary studies etc. Vocational training is a method of real competence assessment that documents both theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

Immigrants are persons born abroad to two foreign-born parents and four foreign grandparents. Immigrants have immigrated to Norway at one time or another.

Persons with a refugee background

Persons who have come to Norway seeking refuge, and family members of these groups who came here as part of family reunification. Children born to persons with a refugee background after their parents came to Norway are not included in this category, and neither are asylum seekers.

Country of birth is mainly the mother’s country of residence when a person was born.

Employment/education is made up of persons who are registered as employed or in education, and those who are registered with a combination of employment and education. Employed persons are defined as those who performed paid work for at least one hour during the reference week, and persons who had such work but were on temporary leave during the reference week due to illness, holiday, paid leave etc.

Registered unemployed/on initiative is defined as persons who are registered as unemployed with NAV, and persons on ordinary labour market initiatives.

Other or unknown status are part of a collective term for the weakest degree of labour market attachment. Other status relates to individuals with a reduced ability to work who are on initiatives organised by NAV, those on long-term sick leave and recipients of social assistance. Unknown status means that they are not registered in any of the available data sources we use in the status reporting for labour market attachment. These individuals are therefore not employed, in education, registered unemployed or participating in labour market initiatives.

Standard classifications

Country background is a person or a person’s mother’s or father’s country of birth. Persons without an immigrant background only have Norway as a country background. When both parents are foreign-born, they are normally born in the same country. In cases where the parents were born in different countries, the mother’s country of birth is used.

Municipality in this context is the programme participant’s municipality of residence.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Introduction programme for immigrants
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Social Welfare Statistics

Regional level

National, county, municipal and district in Oslo for previous participants, and breakdown by industry region. 

Frequency and timeliness

Annual.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Files at an individual level with data are processed and stored long term.

Background

Background and purpose

Act no. 80 of 4 July 2003 on an introduction programme and Norwegian language training for newly arrived immigrants (the Introduction Act) made the introduction programme and introduction benefit mandatory for local authorities as of 1 September 2004. Prior to the programme being made mandatory, a growing number of municipalities had various types of trial schemes.

The purpose of the Introduction Act is to strengthen immigrants’ potential to participate in the labour market and society, and facilitate their financial independence. Section 2 of the Act stipulates who has the right and obligation to participate in the introduction programme. These are persons with a refugee background, family members of these groups who came here as part of family reunification, and persons who have been allowed to stay on an independent basis following a relationship breakdown due to abuse. Furthermore, the person must be between 18 and 55 years old and in need of basic qualification. The introduction programme is adapted to the individual’s needs for qualification and can generally last up to two years. In special cases, the programme may be extended to three years. The aim of the programme is to provide newly arrived immigrants with a refugee background with basic skills in Norwegian, a basic insight into Norwegian society, and to prepare them for participation in the labour market and/or education. Programme participants are entitled to introduction benefit, which, on an annual basis, equals twice the basic amount of the National Insurance. Participants under the age of 25 receive two-thirds of the benefit.

Users and applications

Users of the statistics include the Ministry of Justice and Public Security (until 16 December 2015: Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion), Directorate of Integration and Diversity (IMDi), KS (the municipal sector’s association), municipalities, researchers, students and the media. Statistics based on KOSTRA data aim to provide management information on local authorities and county authorities, for use by the population and media, local authorities and central government bodies. 

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

KOSTRA - Municipality-State-Reporting – main page: http://www.ssb.no/offentlig-sektor/kostra

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents: http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/01/10/innvbef/

Population statistics. Persons with a refugee background: https://www.ssb.no/befolkning/statistikker/innvgrunn/aar-flyktningbakgrunn

Legal authority

Statistics Norway has retrieved the information about participation in the introduction scheme from the Introduction Act. Pursuant to section 2-2 of the Statistics Act of 16 June 1989, Statistics Norway will compile official statistics from data received.

 

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Participants

The statistics on participation in the introduction programme include information about each recipient of introduction benefit in the municipalities. The statistics include everyone who received the introduction benefit in the reference year, and include information about the recipient’s gender, age, marital status, start date and end date of participation in the introduction programme, which initiatives they have participated in during the reference year, their status in the programme at the end of the year (completed/dropped out, granted leave or still on the programme), which months they have received the benefit, and the total benefit amount for the year.

Former participants

Information about former participants on the introduction programme includes those who have completed or for various reasons left the programme in a given year. We follow their status in the labour market and in education over the next five years.

Data sources and sampling

Participants

The statistics are based on local authorities’ annual submissions of electronic forms and file extractions in relation to participants who are registered on KOSTRA form 11B. The data is then synthesised with the population statistics of 31 December in the reporting year.

Full count, i.e. all local authorities with participants on the programme should report to Statistics Norway.

Former participants

For former participants, the data is further synthesised with the System for personal data, where information from a number of registers is collated. Register data has a reference date in November each year and contains information about whether a person is employed, registered unemployed, on an employment initiative, in education, or is in receipt of specific types of state benefits or measures. A person may, on the reference date, have more than one status at the same time, for example where they are both in employment and receiving benefit. One of the aims of these statistics is to examine how many people are active, and we have examined the activities of employment and education in addition to the combination of these. The following prioritisation was made: if a person is registered as unemployed, but is also in education, they are considered to be in education and not unemployed. As regards the other statuses, such as health-related benefits and social assistance, there are many who receive these in combination with, for example, employment, education or registered unemployment. In such cases, work and other activities, as well as registered unemployment, are prioritised.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data is collected from the local authorities through the KOSTRA reporting. Most of the local authorities have their own business systems from which data is retrieved, while some report using an electronic form. All participants with a valid personal identification number are linked to population data from 31 December of the reporting year. Only persons who are resident in Norway at the end of the year are included in the statistics. The KOSTRA tables, however, include all participants in the year. 

Checks are performed on personal identification numbers, in addition to logical value verification. In addition to the checks carried out in the National Population Register, Statistics Norway also performs checks for statistical purposes.

Former participants, leaving cohort

In order for former participants to be assigned a leaving cohort, the following processing is done: (a) All participants on the introduction programme whose status in KOSTRA is ‘completed’ or ‘dropped out’ at the end of the year are initially included in the population; (b) Only those who have actually completed the course, i.e. who are not just on temporary leave from the programme, are included in the cohort. The population is therefore checked against those who participated in the programme the following year; and (c) Women who drop out of the programme because they give birth immediately after dropping out of the programme or who for various reasons do not return to the programme once their leave ends, are added to the next cohort. Thus, they are only included in the statistics once they have had a year’s leave for child care.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not shown where there are fewer than four units.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics were first published in 2006 for the statistics year 2005.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors in connection with the collection and processing of data can occur. There may be coding errors, revision errors, or errors in the electronic data processing etc. Extensive efforts are made to minimise such errors. Thus, they can normally be disregarded in a statistical context.

There should in principle be no sampling errors as this is a full count.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact