291888
/en/utdanning/statistikker/barnehager/aar-endelige
291888
Higher share of children in kindergarten
statistikk
2017-03-21T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants;Public sector;Svalbard
en
barnehager, Kindergartens, kindergartens, private kindergartens, public kindergartens, non-municipal kindergartens, coverage, part-time place, duration of stay, minority language children, refugee kindergartens, family kindergartens, open kindergartens, kindergarten personnel, nursery nursesKOSTRA , Education, Kindergartens, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Public sector, Svalbard, Education
true
The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status and changes in numbers of kindergartens, as well as employees in kindergartens.

Kindergartens

Updated

Corrected

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

91 %

of all children aged 1-5 attended kindergarten

Main figures - Kindergartens
2016Difference from last yearDifference last 5 years
Corrected 24 April 2017.
Number of children in kindergarten282 649-959-88
Percentage of children 1-5 years91.00.61.4
Percentage of children 1-2 years82.01.42.5
Percentage of children 3-5 years96.80.20.3
 
Number of kindergartens5 980-107-489
Percentage of public kindergartens4700
 
Employees93 952-225 129
Percentage of employees to primary functions81.8-0.1-2.4
Percentage of directors and educational leaders with pre-school teacher education91.3-0.56.3

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Kindergartens, children and employees by county

Kindergartens, children and employees by county
KindergartensKindergartensKindergartensEmployeesChildrenChildren
TotalPublic kindergartensPrivate kindergartensEmployeed, totalChildren in kindergartensPercentage 1-5 years
20066 4362 9013 53569 655234 94880.4
20076 6223 0063 61676 089249 81584.3
20086 7053 0823 62381 450261 88687.2
20096 6753 0963 57984 884270 17488.5
20106 5793 0463 53387 401277 13989.3
20116 4693 0003 46988 823282 73789.7
20126 3972 9863 41191 239286 15390.1
20136 2962 9553 34193 573287 17790.0
20146 2052 8933 31293 814286 41490.2
20156 0872 8363 25193 974283 60890.4
20165 9802 7893 19193 952282 64991.1
 
2016
Østfold284911934 63914 24589.1
Akershus71426844611 24635 15192.4
Oslo74632242411 83337 03387.8
Hedmark206118883 0918 88392.9
Oppland2141131013 0328 51991.1
Buskerud3081131844 74214 42690.5
Vestfold2411081334 11112 11890.3
Telemark17499752 8008 23291.7
Aust-Agder159541052 2616 31891.6
Vest-Agder223781453 44910 34189.8
Rogaland4662382289 59928 90990.0
Hordaland5302063249 17929 61891.4
Sogn og Fjordane153117362 1335 74692.8
Møre og Romsdal2941571374 75213 99892.6
Sør-Trøndelag3972071906 04317 54193.6
Nord-Trøndelag203861172 6807 31693.3
Nordland3381861524 08511 96592.4
Troms - Romsa226145812 9688 53393.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku10270321 2783 66190.3
Svalbard2203196.

Table 2 
Children in kindergartens, by age and county

Children in kindergartens, by age and county
Total0 years1 years2 years3 years4 years5 years6 yearsPercentage 1-5 years
2006234 9481 91829 26942 39052 15653 45955 25050680.3
2007249 8152 56435 40946 30254 16955 81255 00355684.3
2008261 8862 71339 13450 34255 09357 06857 07446287.1
2009270 1742 70642 24651 65957 48957 49158 06551888.5
2010277 1392 60344 31754 40857 77559 37858 18047889.3
2011282 7372 59944 31656 08359 74059 54860 03142089.6
2012286 1532 31842 75457 38461 40961 55660 33839490.1
2013287 1771 89442 33656 36560 94962 98162 26638690.0
2014286 4142 14541 14556 70959 84062 42263 74640790.2
2015283 6082 20141 89555 36359 77561 03662 97236690.4
2016282 6492 36643 01555 91058 30660 99961 70834591.0
 
Østfold14 2451821 9502 7732 9283 1423 2541689.1
Akershus35 1512675 3656 7597 2117 7427 7763192.4
Oslo37 0331806 1837 7787 5807 7027 5486287.8
Hedmark8 883951 2911 7081 8091 9991 9711092.9
Oppland8 519431 2031 7521 7521 8741 8831291.1
Buskerud14 4261252 0382 9062 9213 1713 2372890.5
Vestfold12 118961 8342 3172 4602 6432 7482090.3
Telemark8 232811 1241 6021 7381 8131 8611391.7
Aust-Agder6 318949071 1761 2851 4131 434991.6
Vest-Agder10 341751 4211 9342 1962 3642 343889.8
Rogaland28 9092004 1995 7256 0486 3706 3402790.0
Hordaland29 6183764 7445 8716 0376 2516 3112891.4
Sogn og Fjordane5 746188301 1421 1551 2471 348692.8
Møre og Romsdal13 9981272 1102 6792 8823 0343 1432392.6
Sør-Trøndelag17 541932 8493 5943 6663 5853 7381693.6
Nord-Trøndelag7 316611 1141 4301 5531 5381 617393.3
Nordland11 965881 8442 3332 5162 5612 6071692.4
Troms - Romsa8 5331061 3951 7161 7721 7571 7721593.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 66153595693786764768290.3
Svalbard9661922112990

Table 3 
Children in kindergartens, by weekly attendance, ownership structure of kindergarten and county

Children in kindergartens, by weekly attendance, ownership structure of kindergarten and county
2016
Total0-89-1617-2425-3233-4041-
All kindergartens282 6491351521 1915 2767 653268 242
Østfold14 245055328913313 765
Akershus35 15155413916432934 523
Oslo37 03300146479136 749
Hedmark8 88301363235787 945
Oppland8 51900585009686 993
Buskerud14 426136727239713 686
Vestfold12 118113217413411 776
Telemark8 23201403075667 318
Aust-Agder6 318631372914305 496
Vest-Agder10 34102394755669 259
Rogaland28 9090207870173027 380
Hordaland29 618039039338328 749
Sogn og Fjordane5 74612391813415 182
Møre og Romsdal13 9981225537251213 045
Sør-Trøndelag17 5410177931767316 455
Nord-Trøndelag7 31622572023946 659
Nordland11 9650910716525211 432
Troms - Romsa8 53304173651258 229
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 661016638503 506
Svalbard960000195
 
Public kindergartens143 09680468493 1575 197133 767
Østfold5 3990132171545 141
Akershus16 82400316817016 555
Oslo21 1880095393221 022
Hedmark5 02900161713684 474
Oppland5 05500373377573 924
Buskerud6 24912501632965 737
Vestfold6 1551024117745 939
Telemark4 42300292084083 778
Aust-Agder2 369630231742321 877
Vest-Agder4 70401262523344 091
Rogaland14 8520165638751213 881
Hordaland10 982026717426710 472
Sogn og Fjordane4 33312331522693 876
Møre og Romsdal6 618122302173536 004
Sør-Trøndelag11 431066221548910 659
Nord-Trøndelag3 4962042982103 144
Nordland6 15109841362185 704
Troms - Romsa5 2350566571084 999
Finnmark - Finnmárku2 507004621452 395
Svalbard960000195
 
Private kindergartens139 553551063422 1192 456134 475
Østfold8 8460421118798 624
Akershus18 327554189615917 968
Oslo15 845005185915 727
Hedmark3 85401201522103 471
Oppland3 46400211632113 069
Buskerud8 17701171091017 949
Vestfold5 96301857605 837
Telemark3 8090111991583 540
Aust-Agder3 94901141171983 619
Vest-Agder5 63701132232325 168
Rogaland14 057042231421813 499
Hordaland18 636012321911618 277
Sogn og Fjordane1 41300629721 306
Møre og Romsdal7 38000251551597 041
Sør-Trøndelag6 110011171021845 796
Nord-Trøndelag3 82002151041843 515
Nordland5 814002329345 728
Troms - Romsa3 29803678173 230
Finnmark - Finnmárku1 15401201751 111
Svalbard0000000

Table 4 
Children in kindergartens, by hours of attendance per week and different age groups

Children in kindergartens, by hours of attendance per week and different age groups
Total0-8 hours per week9-16 hours per week17-24 hours per week25-32 hours per week33-40 hours per week41 hours and over per weekPercentage in different age groups
All age groups282 6491351521 1915 2767 653268 242
0 year2 3663122765402 2194.0
1 year43 01520323409621 04640 61571.7
2 year55 91028282691 2841 49152 81092.3
3 year58 30622241791 0471 59255 44295.9
4 year60 99928252001 0061 71358 02797.2
5 year61 70833311729091 76558 79897.5
6 year34510436331
 
0-5 years282 3041341521 1875 2737 647267 91177.0
1-5 years279 9381311401 1605 2087 607265 69291.1
1-2 years98 92548606092 2462 53793 42582.0
3-5 years181 01383805512 9625 070172 26796.9

Table 5 
Persons employed and man-years worked in kindergartens, by employment position and county

Persons employed and man-years worked in kindergartens, by employment position and county
TotalDirectorsEducational leadersKindergarten teacher og equivalentChildcare and youth workerAssistantsBilingual assistantsOther educational personalOffice staffOther paid help
Persons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-years
201291 23973 2346 7125 11325 48623 480000043 79237 7251 0774426 4133 8951 5845376 1752 045
201393 57374 3736 7605 13026 09324 137000043 67637 6411 1483886 3673 8021 4955008 0342 775
201493 81474 9986 6595 04425 15823 6391 4001 11311 91710 75931 17126 8201 3674346 3583 7951 5795148 2052 880
201593 97474 6476 3674 84626 87824 67595175813 01011 59629 76125 3921 3303846 2393 6761 4985167 9402 804
201693 95275 0316 3004 80327 02124 96881259313 79912 36828 92324 6861 2993886 7283 9831 4414917 6292 750
 
2016
Østfold4 6393 0823082331 3511 26942216235661 4011 1985415398202210194386135
Akershus11 2467 6377035373 1582 93671561 5461 4443 7103 2891694583448523462821283
Oslo11 8338 9008095233 3093 11179628528244 8114 4781604876338724162809291
Hedmark3 0911 81721717088580235226435587766164210193111331226796
Oppland3 0321 803206165872787332056047478261531111961064013312106
Buskerud4 7423 2363122541 3641 26232215534951 6501 36963273171886219389117
Vestfold4 1112 6932762171 1811 09338295985351 2121 01676173422104419344121
Telemark2 8001 6821841378537703020472417711565862119410327824378
Aust-Agder2 2611 3651531106265631912379319645496146178109401320768
Vest-Agder3 4491 9132261741 00889825168076807505825818257138451527388
Rogaland9 5996 3285354602 6952 48073501 4521 2982 9912 5232464576547212954713294
Hordaland9 1796 2925784882 8322 6441221001 3101 2012 8892 481732656233611749696268
Sogn og Fjordane2 1331 295162119633550261637130856643332211369513819469
Møre og Romsdal4 7523 0173062471 3751 25120158267081 3871 09246173862443424372142
Sør-Trøndelag6 0433 8374242911 8221 66257399968941 5761 327502140827619673514187
Nord-Trøndelag2 6801 5652071507706851814523455676516211016797241027497
Nordland4 0852 6933232601 1161 07444386766221 14599131143162032210412141
Troms - Romsa2 9682 022269176819789151040137185975334122391705711275111
Finnmark - Finnmárku1 27887910090342331333120319038033812676547312557
Svalbard31202210900886611110031

Table 6 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex

Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex
20162015201420132012
Total number of persons employed93 95293 97493 81493 57391 239
Females83 22183 38582 98782 81681 598
Males10 73110 58910 82710 7579 641
Directors6 3006 3676 6596 7606 712
Females5 7915 8356 1066 2106 184
Males509532553550528
Educational leaders27 02126 87825 15826 09325 486
Females24 85424 85423 30424 23323 742
Males2 1672 0241 8541 8601 744
Kindergarten teacher or equivalent8129511 40000
Females7408701 25700
Males728114300
Childcare and youth worker13 79913 01011 91700
Females13 03012 3311 25700
Males76967959800
Assistents28 92329 76131 17143 67643 792
Females25 59326 34127 71239 46539 635
Males3 3303 4203 4594 2114 157
Bilingual assistants1 2991 3301 3671 1481 077
Females1 2001 2411 2691 053983
Males9989989594
Other educational personal6 7286 2396 3586 3676 413
Females6 3005 8285 9556 0016 050
Males428411403366363
Office staff1 4411 4981 5791 4951 584
Females1 1801 2341 3141 2431 341
Males261264265252243
Other paid help7 6297 9408 2058 0346 175
Females4 5334 8514 7514 6113 663
Males3 0963 0893 4543 4232 512

Table 7 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications

Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications
20162015201420132012
Total number of persons employed93 95293 97493 81493 57391 239
 
Directors6 3006 3676 6596 7606 712
with pre-school teatcher education5 6865 9016 1386 1326 087
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children456337404434425
with vocational training1115111616
 
Educational leaders27 02126 87825 15826 09325 486
with pre-school teatcher education24 72624 62022 49022 53921 524
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children6839851 1421 3491 456
with vocational training427514518712757
 
Kindergarten teacher or equivalent8129511 40000
with pre-school teatcher education7157851 26800
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children9716613300
 
Childcare and youth worker13 79913 01011 91700
with vocational training13 79913 010000
 
Assistents28 92329 76131 17143 67643 792
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children04 9031 708881835
other college education2 0130000
skilled worker training2 0180000
other background24 89224 85829 39100
 
Bilingual assistants1 2991 3301 3671 1481 077
with pre-school teatcher education30438330612451
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children431691298270
with vocational training11484807150
 
Other educational personal6 7286 2396 3586 3676 413
with pre-school teatcher education2 0272 2042 2242 0652 062
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children2381 031938944909
with vocational training794747684613627
 
Office staff1 4411 4981 5791 4951 584
Other paid help7 6297 9408 2058 0346 175

About the statistics

The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, and supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

According to the Day Care Institutions Act of 1995, a kindergarten is defined as an approved educational establishment organized for children below the age of compulsory education. The Ministry of Education and Research determines regulations and guidelines for kindergartens, while municipalities issue the approvals.

A family day-care centre is a type of kindergarten that organizes its activities in a private home, based on the premise that a kindergarten teacher is employed as an educational supervisor. The kindergarten teacher should either be attached to an ordinary kindergarten or the municipal administration. The regulation on family day-care centres states that at least half of the children in a family day-care institution group must be other than the home's own children.

Open kindergartens do not have a set group of children. They are open to children accompanied by parents for playing and social gathering. The estimated number of children attending open kindergartens refers to the number of children who can visit the kindergarten at the same time. From 1999 and onwards, the number of children in open kindergartens is not included in the total number of children in kindergartens. Hence the number of children is not directly comparable before and after the change.

Man-year refers to a full-time employee (37.5 hours per week) for a year.

Children in kindergartens refers to the total number of children who have a place regardless of weekly attendance.

Age of children is given as of year-end.

Attendance refers to agreed attendance not actual attendance. 

Coverage is the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts. 

Linguistic and cultural minorities are children with ethnic languages and cultural backgrounds other than Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. 

Standard classifications

Part-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 0-8 hours, 9-16 hours, 17-24 hours or 25-32 hours per week.

Full-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 33-40 hours or 41 hours or more per week.

Public kindergartens : Kindergartens owned by the municipal, county municipal or state authorities.

Private kindergartens : Privately owned kindergartens, including privately owned kindergartens receiving subsidies from the municipality.

Non-municipal kindergartens: County municipal, state or privately owned kindergartens.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Kindergartens
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education Statistics

Regional level

The statistics are published on national, county and municipal level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual reports as of 15 December. Final figures are published in March. In addition, KOSTRA preliminary figures are published 15 March and final figures are published 15 June.

International reporting

Some data are delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

Microdata

All statistics about kindergartens at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate. Primary data and information on sample units are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

Kindergarten statistics were first collected in 1963, and have been developed since then. The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, and supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Users and applications

Important users of the kindergarten statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, municipal authorities, county governors, researchers and the media. The kindergarten statistics are also relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway, such as the Price level survey of households' payments in kindergartens, account statistics for private kindergartens and KOSTRA (Municipality - State - Reporting).

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on www.ssb.no at 08.00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway i.e. KOSTRA,national accounts, account statistics for private kindergartens, and others. Comparable statistics can be found at the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR)

Legal authority

The information is collected by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR) under the authority of the Day Care Institutions Act, section 7. Statistics Norway uses the reports to produce official statistics under the authority of the Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 regarding official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Not relevant.

Production

Population

The statistics include all approved kindergartens of any form of ownership; municipal, county, state and private owned kindergartens. Information about children in kindergarten, institutions, persons employed and man-years worked is some of the data that is collected.

Some of the information that is collected is age, attendance per week in ordinary kindergartens, family day-care centres and number of children attending open kindergartens. The statistics also include the number of children relative to the number of employees/man-years and the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts.

Furthermore, data regarding the number of children that are given priority because of handicap, the number of children that are allocated extra resources and the number of children who receive training in their mother tongue is collected.

Employees and man-years are distributed by category of employment position, education and ownership. Employees are also distributed by gender.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on data that is compiled electronically through BASIL by the forms "Annual reports for kindergartens as of 15 December".

All approved kindergartens under the Day Care Institutions Act that receive subsidies are in the sample.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The web solution presently in use for the data collection is called BASIL (BArnehage-Statistikk-InnrapporteringsLøsning) and is owned by the Ministry of Education and Research. Username and password is sent to every kindergarten 1 December and the Annual reports for kindergartens are reported by 15 December, with a response deadline of four weeks.

The electronic forms have several checks active during the registration process. The information is also controlled and edited by the corresponding county governors and by Statistics Norway before data are aggregated and published. The controls are based on coherence between data and comparison to prior years.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The statistics are not published on institutional level.

Comparability over time and space

The compulsory schooling in Norway was extended from 9 to 10 years in 1997, which meant that 6-year-olds were enrolled in primary schools instead of kindergartens. This shift means that some time series like percentage of children attending kindergartens will have a break .

The categories of levels of attendance hours were changed from 1999. This was done because of the introduction of cash benefits for parents with small children 1-3 years old that are not attending kindergarten full-time. The former five categories were substituted by six new categories. The definition of full-time attendance in kindergarten was changed from 32 week-hours and more to 33 week-hours and more.

Children in open kindergartens were reported separately from 1999. Earlier they were reported among children in other types of kindergartens. While the statistics prior to 1999 included children in open kindergartens, the shift that was made in 1999 has enabled Statistics Norway to separate between:

  • The number of children in ordinary kindergartens (excluding children in open kindergartens, thus not directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)
  • The number of children with an offer of admission in kindergartens (including children in open kindergartens, thus directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)

Due to changes in the collection of educational background that were introduced in 2016, the figures are not directly comparable with previous years.

 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors may occur during completion of the forms in the kindergartens or by the municipal authorities. Most errors are discovered and corrected by manual or automatic controls, some errors may still occur.

This is a fullscale collection, and the response rate is equal to 100 per cent.  

Revision

Principles for revisions in Statistics Norway

Contact