Decrease in part-time employment
There was a decrease of almost 30 000 part-time employed persons working less than 20 hours per week from the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016. The decrease was mainly among youths and among elderly people.
|4th quarter 2016||4th quarter 2015 - 4th quarter 2016|
|Absolute numbers||Per cent||Change in absolute numbers||Change in percentage points|
|Both sexes||2 756 000||69.8||-9 000||-0.9|
|Males||1 459 000||72.4||-5 000||-0.9|
|Females||1 296 000||67.1||-5 000||-0.8|
|Both sexes||2 635 000||66.7||-12 000||-0.9|
|Males||1 387 000||68.8||-13 000||-1.3|
|Females||1 249 000||64.6||3 000||-0.5|
|Both sexes||120 000||4.4||2 000||0.1|
|Males||73 000||5.0||9 000||0.7|
|Females||48 000||3.7||-7 000||-0.5|
For people less than 20 years of age, some of the reduction was among those attending school. Among people aged 67-74, fewer old age pensioners have a part-time job.
The number of underemployed persons remained stable from the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016, according to the Labour Force Survey (LFS). More than one half of the underemployed was seeking full-time work.
Lower participation rate among youths
The labour force participation rate among youths (aged 15-24) decreased by 1.3 percentage points from the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016. Also among people aged 67-74 the rate decreased (1.7 percentage points). On the other hand, the rate increased among females aged 25-29, but decreased in the age group 30-54 years.
Stable share of temporary employees
The 201 000 temporary employees in the 4th quarter of 2016 corresponded to 8 per cent of total employees, approximately the same as a year earlier.
Drop in more industries
The LFS shows a decrease of 13 000 employed persons in mining and quarrying, an industry dominated by oil and gas extraction. There was a decrease of 13 000 also in manufacturing and in transportation. Moreover, the number of employed persons decreased in accommodation and food service activities, as well as in financial and insurance activities. On the other hand, the number of employed persons increased in health and social work, as well as in public administration.
In total for all industries, the LFS does not show any significant changes in the employment figures for last year.
Increased unemployment among men
From the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016 there was no significant change in the total number of unemployed persons. Among men, however, the unemployment rate increased from 4.3 to 5.0 per cent, while the rate for women decreased from 4.2 to 3.7 per cent.
The average period of unemployment increased from 30.5 to 31.8 weeks last year.