287395
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
287395
statistikk
2017-10-26T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants;Labour market and earnings
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffEmployment , Labour market and earnings, Unemployment , Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings
true

Labour force survey

Updated

Next update

Key figures

70.1  %

in the labour force

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
3rd quarter 20173rd quarter 2016 - 3rd quarter 2017
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 782 00070.1-22 000-1.1
Males1 471 00072.6-13 000-1.2
Females1 311 00067.5-8 000-0.9
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 666 00067.20-0.5
Males1 406 00069.4-1 000-0.6
Females1 260 00064.82 000-0.5
 
Unemployed
Both sexes115 0004.2-23 000-0.7
Males65 0004.4-12 000-0.8
Females51 0003.9-10 000-0.7

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Persons, total
Both sexes3 8963 9343 9293 9393 9483 9553 9613 969
Males1 9892 0082 0062 0112 0152 0192 0222 026
Females1 9071 9261 9231 9281 9331 9361 9401 943
 
The labour force
Both sexes2 7722 7792 7812 8042 7562 7532 7822 782
Males1 4701 4751 4831 4841 4591 4611 4711 471
Females1 3021 3041 2981 3191 2961 2911 3111 311
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
Males1 4021 3951 3961 4071 3871 3871 4011 406
Females1 2491 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 2581 260
 
Unemployed
Both sexes121132134138120124123115
Males6880877773757065
Females5352476148505351
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Both sexes1 1241 1551 1481 1351 1931 2021 1801 187
Males519533523527556557551555
Females605622625609636645629632

Table 2 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Persons, total
Total4638393935343230
Males2519202017171615
Females2119191918161715
 
Labour force, total
In total387-411-9-251-22
Males24564-5-13-12-13
Females152-96-5-1313-8
 
Employed persons
In total14-4-160-12-14110
Males10-7-100-13-35-1
Females43-503-1072
 
Unemployed
In total251112112-11-11-23
Males14121649-9-17-12
Females11-1-46-7-26-10
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Total831432845583252
Males114151622292828
Females71728132229423

Table 3 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes71.270.670.871.269.869.670.270.1
Males73.973.473.973.872.472.472.872.6
Females68.367.767.568.467.166.767.667.5
 
Employed persons in per cent of the population
Both sexes68.067.367.467.766.766.567.167.2
Males70.569.569.670.068.868.769.369.4
Females65.565.065.065.364.664.164.964.8
 
Unemployed persons in per cent of the labour force
Both sexes4.44.74.84.94.44.54.44.2
Males4.65.45.85.25.05.14.84.4
Females4.14.03.64.63.73.94.03.9
 
Outside the labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes28.829.429.228.830.230.429.829.9
Males26.126.626.126.227.627.627.227.4
Females31.732.332.531.632.933.332.432.5

Table 4 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes2 7722 7792 7812 8042 7562 7532 7822 782
Males1 4701 4751 4831 4841 4591 4611 4711 471
Females1 3021 3041 2981 3191 2961 2911 3111 311
 
15-24 years
Both sexes380369372380355350368375
Males195190193194183183190194
Females185179179187172167178181
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 3422 3612 3582 3732 3532 3532 3612 358
Males1 2421 2531 2581 2581 2451 2451 2441 244
Females1 1001 1081 1001 1151 1081 1081 1171 114
 
Employed
15-74 years
Both sexes2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
Males1 4021 3951 3961 4071 3871 3871 4011 406
Females1 2491 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 2581 260
 
15-24 years
Both sexes342328326340321313324336
Males173166164172163162165172
Females169162162168158152160165
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 2592 2702 2702 2762 2662 2662 2812 281
Males1 1961 1981 2001 2031 1931 1931 1991 202
Females1 0641 0731 0701 0731 0741 0731 0821 079

Table 5 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Persons in the labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes71.270.670.871.269.869.670.270.1
Males73.973.473.973.872.472.472.872.6
Females68.367.767.568.467.166.767.667.5
 
15-24 years
Both sexes56.755.355.857.153.152.455.356.4
Males56.355.156.256.352.953.055.356.4
Females57.255.555.457.853.351.955.456.4
 
25-66 years
Both sexes82.182.082.082.381.581.481.781.5
Males85.185.185.485.284.384.284.384.0
Females78.978.878.579.378.678.578.978.8
 
Employed persons
15-74 years
Both sexes68.067.367.467.766.766.567.167.2
Males70.569.569.670.068.868.769.369.4
Females65.565.065.065.364.664.164.964.8
 
15-24 years
Both sexes51.149.248.851.048.146.948.750.6
Males50.048.147.750.147.146.747.949.9
Females52.250.350.052.049.147.249.651.4
 
25-66 years
Both sexes79.278.979.079.078.578.478.978.8
Males81.981.381.581.580.780.781.381.2
Females76.376.376.476.376.276.076.576.3

Table 6 
Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
1Short part-time=1-19 working hours. Long part-time=20-36 working hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 or more hours, including the exceptions mentioned above.
15-74 years
Both sexes
Total3 8963 9343 9293 9393 9483 9553 9613 969
Employed persons2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
Short part-time338328341303318328314305
Long part-time335339342345338338344340
Full time1 9701 9711 9582 0071 9701 9541 9922 014
Not reported working hours8961010898
Unemployed persons121132134138120124123115
 
15-19 years
Both sexes
Total326324325323324323323322
Employed persons113109105116106103106109
Short part-time7064685860646857
Long part-time111411201491113
Full time3030253732292637
Not reported working hours11011112
Unemployed persons1820251916182319
 
20-24 years
Both sexes
Total344343343343344344342343
Employed persons229220221224216211218227
Short part-time7071756073756567
Long part-time3837384334353836
Full time11910910711710698113121
Not reported working hours23143223
Unemployed persons2020222118182119
 
25-54 years
Males
Total1 0981 1071 1081 1081 1101 1091 1101 114
Employed persons936935936939932933938942
Short part-time3535373232353534
Long part-time4344444543514947
Full time857854853861855847853859
Not reported working hours22212121
Unemployed persons4249514945443936
 
Females
Total1 0391 0481 0451 0491 0501 0541 0551 056
Employed persons839846846846846845852850
Short part-time8282837782818078
Long part-time160162165156161165160160
Full time594601597611599596609610
Not reported working hours22123322
Unemployed persons3432273931323232
 
55-66 years
Males
Total361367365368368369366366
Employed persons259263264263260259261260
Short part-time1820202119181618
Long part-time1817171617161618
Full time222225226226224225228223
Not reported working hours00010010
Unemployed persons57667866
 
Females
Total355357357357359358359358
Employed persons225226224226228228231229
Short part-time4139403937383534
Long part-time5354535354505552
Full time131133130133135139141143
Not reported working hours01111110
Unemployed persons33333233
 
67-74 years
Both sexes
Total373388387390394397405410
Employed persons5049515047495349
Short part-time2017191614171717
Long part-time1213131214121412
Full time1819192219202220
Not reported working hours00000000
Unemployed persons00000000

Table 7 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total2 7722 7792 7812 8042 7562 7532 7822 782
15-19 years130129130135122121129128
20-24 years249240243245233229239246
25-29 years295306303311306303307308
30-39 years611611610612610610610612
40-54 years945946948952938942943940
55-66 years492499497499499498500498
67-74 years5049515048505350
 
Males
Total1 4701 4751 4831 4841 4591 4611 4711 471
15-19 years6364656662606366
20-24 years131126129128122123127128
25-29 years156160160161157158158159
30-39 years323326328326326323325323
40-54 years498498500501494496495495
55-66 years264270270269268268267266
67-74 years3331323231333733
 
Females
Total1 3021 3041 2981 3191 2961 2911 3111 311
15-19 years6765656961616662
20-24 years118114114117111106112119
25-29 years138146143149149145149149
30-39 years287285282286284287286289
40-54 years447448448451444446448445
55-66 years228229227229231230233232
67-74 years1718191816171616

Table 8 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
15-74 years71.270.670.871.269.869.670.270.1
15-19 years40.039.839.941.837.737.439.939.9
20-24 years72.669.970.971.467.766.669.971.8
25-29 years82.383.783.384.783.382.383.083.3
30-39 years88.387.687.587.787.286.986.886.7
40-54 years86.986.686.887.185.886.286.385.9
55-66 years68.768.968.868.868.768.568.968.8
67-74 years13.412.713.112.812.112.513.112.1
 
Males
15-74 years73.973.473.973.872.472.472.872.6
15-19 years37.538.138.639.437.035.737.839.7
20-24 years74.371.173.072.367.869.271.772.1
25-29 years85.885.686.586.183.183.983.684.4
30-39 years90.890.690.690.690.889.789.789.2
40-54 years89.188.889.089.388.088.588.588.0
55-66 years73.073.674.073.372.872.572.972.6
67-74 years18.216.616.817.016.217.018.216.5
 
Females
15-74 years68.367.767.568.467.166.767.667.5
15-19 years42.741.641.344.338.439.142.240.2
20-24 years70.868.668.670.567.663.867.971.4
25-29 years78.681.880.183.383.580.782.582.1
30-39 years85.784.384.184.583.483.983.884.1
40-54 years84.684.384.584.883.583.884.083.6
55-66 years64.364.163.664.364.564.364.964.9
67-74 years8.99.09.58.98.18.27.97.8

Table 9 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
1Part-time = 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 working hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 hours and over and the cases mentioned above.
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
Part-time, total672668683649656666658644
Short part-time. 1-9 hours139134141116126129126117
Short part-time. 10-19 hours199194200187192199189188
Long part-time. 20-29 hours174176176172180178183176
Long part-time. 30-36 hours161163166173158160161164
Full time, total1 9701 9711 9582 0071 9701 9541 9922 014
Full time. 32-36 hours172177183173173167182177
Full-time. 37-44 hours1 5991 5961 5791 6281 5951 5981 6181 642
Full-time. 45 hours and more194194192201196184187189
Average contractual/usual working hours34.234.334.234.734.434.334.434.5
 
Males
Total1 4021 3951 3961 4071 3871 3871 4011 406
Part-time, total207206211204198209206203
Short part-time. 1-9 hours5351524448504745
Short part-time. 10-19 hours6767696562676566
Long part-time. 20-29 hours4848494950525147
Long part-time. 30-36 hours3940404638414345
Full time, total1 1911 1861 1831 2001 1851 1751 1911 199
Full time. 32-36 hours8483877778808382
Full-time. 37-44 hours955950946962954947961972
Full-time. 45 hours and more148149146157148145143143
Average contractual/usual working hours36.536.636.536.936.736.536.636.6
 
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 2581 260
Part-time, total465462473445458456452441
Short part-time. 1-9 hours8583897278807972
Short part-time. 10-19 hours132127131122129132124122
Long part-time. 20-29 hours126128127123130126132128
Long part-time. 30-36 hours122123125128120119118119
Full time, total779786776807784779801814
Full time. 32-36 hours8894969695879995
Full-time. 37-44 hours644645633666641651658670
Full-time. 45 hours and more4645474347394447
Average contractual/usual working hours31.731.831.632.231.931.731.932.2

Table 10 
Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 000

Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
1
2The term employed here includes full-time employed persons, as well as part-time workers who consider the employment as their main activity.
15-74 years
Persons
Total3 8963 9343 9293 9393 9483 9553 9613 969
Part-time employees672668683649656666658644
Employed2
Total2 3922 3982 3912 4252 3952 3892 4132 429
Part-time employees422427433418426435422416
Attended school, studied
Total504502509475514525516487
Part-time employees160152160142151156158150
Homeworking
Total4745554437363834
Part-time employees67874346
Early retired/disabled
Total385387391383388382380386
Part-time employees2424222823202324
Retired
Total336360351362374377380387
Part-time employees1816151715141716
Other activities/Unspecified
Total232242231251240246235245
Part-time employees4342443737383533
 
15-19 years
Persons
Total326324325323324323323322
Part-time employees8278797874737970
Employed2
Total3838324541383545
Part-time employees997810998
Attended school, studied
Total270266272256266269272257
Part-time employees6661646258576357
Other activities/Unspecified
Total1719212216161619
Part-time employees78886675
 
20-24 years
Persons
Total344343343343344344342343
Part-time employees108108113103107110103103
Employed2
Total152144142154140135148155
Part-time employees3434353735373634
Attended school, studied
Total144149151138157161148146
Part-time employees6463675764656262
Homeworking
Total32221221
Part-time employees00000000
Other activities/Unspecified
Total4549475046454342
Part-time employees10101088757
 
25-54 years
Persons
Total2 1372 1552 1532 1572 1602 1632 1652 170
Part-time employees320322329311319332324320
Employed2
Total1 7091 7181 7171 7291 7161 7131 7211 724
Part-time employees258263267257262270259254
Attended school, studied
Total8885847989929483
Part-time employees2927282229333331
Homeworking
Total3231373025252724
Part-time employees44652234
Early retired/disabled
Total153162166154167166167170
Part-time employees10101011991012
Other activities/Unspecified
Total155158148166162169157170
Part-time employees2017181517191818
 
55-66 years
Persons
Total716724722724726727725724
Part-time employees130130131129127121122122
Employed2
Total463465466464465467472471
Part-time employees110107110105105102103104
Homeworking
Total111114119989
Part-time employees22222101
Early retired/disabled
Total204195197197190186187188
Part-time employees1314111613111212
Retired
Total1525192535353031
Part-time employees12222333
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2427262827303026
Part-time employees45644543
 
67-74 years
Persons
Total373388387390394397405410
Part-time employees3230312829293129
Employed2
Total3132343333363735
Part-time employees1314151214161515
Homeworking
Total01111011
Part-time employees00000000
Retired
Total321334331336339341350356
Part-time employees1614141412111413
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2121202121191818
Part-time employees32322211

Table 11 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
1
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5355556055545457
05-09 Mining and quarrying6857595352515454
10-33 Manufacturing226217221220212212211215
35-39 Power and water supply, sew./remed.act.2830283033353131
41-43 Construction206206202209209210214213
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shops358360353366359363360355
49-53 Transportation and storage144139140142133125136134
55-56 Accomm. and food service act.7772727468747778
58-63 Information and communication999794969910099105
64-66 Financial and insurance act.5347474646474853
68-75 Real estate, profess., scient. and tech.act.183182183181180180177181
77-82 Adm. and support service act.118117120123112112119123
84 Public administration and defence173182177185189189190186
85 Education227227231220230225219216
86-88 Human health and social work act.521538539536541535548544
90-99 Other service act.112114117116108110115114
Unspecified68799967

Table 12 
Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 000

Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
1The time series is not adjusted for alternating holidays.
00-99 Total2 0042 0182 1001 7992 1102 1732 0171 791
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5758616157545658
05-09 Mining and quarrying5747503844454341
10-33 Manufacturing183182195163186191178157
35-39 Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management2325252329302523
41-43 Construction171171179156182191182161
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4042443546494138
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles9189938091968576
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles123127126123135131123117
49-53 Transportation and storage121117118112118111110100
55-56 Acommodation and food service activities5250514946525352
58-63 Information and communication8382817088938573
64-66 Financial and insurance activities4339413142414237
68-75 Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities148149161121154169143125
77-82 Administrative and support service activities8788958685878682
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security140151153130168170153128
85 Education158155168119175178152121
86-88 Human health and social work activities345362367322383393375329
90-99 Other service activities7678847174848069

Table 13 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work83.383.888.672.287.689.686.672.3
Temporarily absent, total16.716.211.427.812.410.413.427.7
Illness3.43.33.12.73.43.73.13.2
Holiday8.28.13.620.64.42.45.320.7
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.71.51.41.41.41.21.61.1
Laid off0.10.10.20.00.10.10.00.0
Other reason/ unspecified3.33.13.23.03.13.13.32.6
 
Males
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work85.085.890.874.789.291.188.674.4
Temporarily absent, total15.014.29.225.310.88.911.425.6
Illness2.92.62.22.22.73.02.52.6
Holiday7.98.03.319.74.92.35.319.9
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2.01.61.61.51.51.51.61.4
Laid off0.20.20.20.10.20.10.00.1
Other reason/ unspecified2.01.81.71.81.61.91.91.6
 
Females
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work81.481.686.069.585.887.984.470.1
Temporarily absent, total18.618.414.030.514.212.115.629.9
Illness4.04.04.03.34.34.43.83.8
Holiday8.58.33.921.73.92.55.321.5
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.41.31.21.21.30.81.50.8
Laid off0.00.10.10.00.10.00.00.0
Other reason/ unspecified4.74.74.84.44.74.44.93.8

Table 14 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
In total2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
At work2 2082 2182 3441 9262 3072 3542 3021 928
Temporarily absent, total443429303740328274356738
Illness9187827290968485
Holiday2172159554911763140551
Taking time off/ working time arrangement4540383636314231
Laid off34414211
Other reason/ unspecified8783848081818970
 
Males
In total1 4021 3951 3961 4071 3871 3871 4011 406
At work1 1911 1961 2681 0521 2371 2641 2411 045
Temporarily absent, total211199128355150123160361
Illness4037313137423637
Holiday11111146277683274280
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2823232220212320
Laid off33313211
Other reason/ unspecified2825242622272723
 
Females
In total1 2491 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 2581 260
At work1 0171 0221 0768741 0721 0921 062883
Temporarily absent, total232230175384177150196377
Illness5151504253544848
Holiday10610449273493167271
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1717151516101910
Laid off01111011
Other reason/ unspecified5858605558556248

Table 15 
Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week

Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week
Annual Average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Employed persons total
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
Salaried employees2 4652 4642 4642 4802 4582 4532 4832 492
Self-employed181179179179173173172172
Family workers55374232
Males
Total1 4021 3951 3961 4071 3871 3871 4011 406
Salaried employees1 2731 2681 2681 2781 2661 2681 2801 287
Self-employed125124127125119117119118
Family workers32141111
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 2581 260
Salaried employees1 1911 1961 1961 2011 1921 1851 2031 205
Self-employed5554535454555354
Family workers22232121
 
Employed persons at work
Both sexes
Total2 2082 2182 3441 9262 3082 3552 3021 929
Salaried employees2 0472 0572 1751 7762 1482 1942 1441 792
Self-employed156158166144156158155135
Family workers54364231
Males
Total1 1911 1961 2681 0521 2361 2631 2411 046
Salaried employees1 0791 0841 1509461 1281 1551 131951
Self-employed11011011710310710710894
Family workers22131111
Females
Total1 0171 0221 0768741 0711 0921 062883
Salaried employees9689731 0258301 0201 0401 013841
Self-employed4747494149514841
Family workers22232121
 
Man-weeks worked
Both sexes
Total2 0032 0172 0991 7982 1092 1722 0171 791
Salaried employees1 8391 8541 9271 6431 9482 0091 8601 648
Self-employed161162171152159162155142
Family workers22122120
Males
Total1 1671 1741 2271 0541 2231 2531 1651 042
Salaried employees1 0451 0521 0989361 1061 1361 052938
Self-employed120121129117117117112104
Family workers11011010
Females
Total836843872743885919852748
Salaried employees794802829707841873808710
Self-employed4141423543454338
Family workers11111010
 
Actual working hours per week
Both sexes
Total34.034.133.635.034.334.632.934.9
Salaried employees33.733.833.234.734.034.332.634.5
Self-employed38.638.538.739.538.438.637.439.4
Family workers16.915.717.415.516.49.818.812.4
Males
Total36.836.836.337.637.137.235.237.4
Salaried employees36.436.435.837.236.836.934.937.0
Self-employed41.041.141.442.641.041.039.041.5
Family workers18.515.87.717.823.17.619.216.8
Females
Total30.831.030.431.931.031.630.131.8
Salaried employees30.830.930.332.031.031.530.031.7
Self-employed32.932.332.332.032.833.333.734.7
Family workers15.215.623.412.713.112.018.48.8

Table 16 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Total196214218232201189212227
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing33342125
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply1211111311131115
41-43 Construction91010119988
45-47 Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2224203121182426
49-53 Transportation and storage866655810
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities9101012981112
58-63 Information and communication44344445
64-66 Financial and insurance activities11101111
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities2122242220192326
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security1114131515141613
85 Education2530312634302924
86-88 Human health and social work activities5765676960556368
90-99 Other service activities111315168101113

Table 17 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Total7.98.78.89.48.27.78.59.1
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing13.210.611.613.97.42.89.116.4
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply3.83.83.74.43.84.54.05.3
41-43 Construction4.95.45.66.04.74.84.04.2
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shop6.67.06.08.76.05.36.87.5
49-53 Transportation and storage6.14.54.74.94.14.36.68.1
55-56 Accomommodation and food service activities12.014.614.217.013.411.314.916.5
58-63 Information and communication4.54.33.54.34.54.14.44.6
64-66 Financial and insurance activities2.41.92.71.01.82.41.51.7
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities8.08.19.08.17.67.28.49.6
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security6.47.57.28.17.97.48.26.9
85 Education11.213.713.912.215.213.913.311.3
86-88 Human health and social work activities11.412.612.913.411.510.712.013.0
90-99 Other service activities12.714.216.517.010.111.611.813.6

Table 18 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Unemployed
Both sexes
In total121132134138120124123115
15-24 years3841474134374438
25-54 years7581788976767168
55-74 years81099101199
Males
In total6880877773757065
15-24 years2224292220222522
25-54 years4249514945443936
55-74 years57667966
Females
In total5352476148505351
15-24 years1617171914151816
25-54 years3432273931323232
55-74 years33333233
 
Unemployed as per cent of the labour force
Both sexes
In total4.44.74.84.94.44.54.44.2
15-24 years10.011.012.510.69.510.511.910.2
25-54 years4.14.44.24.74.14.13.83.6
55-74 years1.51.81.71.71.92.11.61.7
Males
In total4.65.45.85.25.05.14.84.4
15-24 years11.112.615.111.111.011.813.311.5
25-54 years4.35.05.25.04.64.54.03.7
55-74 years1.62.32.12.12.53.02.02.1
Females
In total4.14.03.64.63.73.94.03.9
15-24 years8.89.39.810.17.99.010.48.9
25-54 years3.83.73.14.43.63.73.63.6
55-74 years1.41.11.11.21.21.01.11.3

Table 19 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Total121132134138120124123115
1-4 weeks2526273120282326
5-13 weeks2827252925232622
14-26 weeks2222241920192215
27-39 weeks574106565
40-52 weeks1724262620181920
53 weeks and over1315161316191315
 
Total100100100100100100100100
1-4 weeks2120202217231923
5-13 weeks2320192121192119
14-26 weeks1817181417151813
27-39 weeks45375454
40-52 weeks1418191917151517
53 weeks and over111112913151113
 
Average duration (weeks)27.930.332.228.431.831.829.332.0

Table 20 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Total121132134138120124123115
Home working22322131
Attended school, studied2730352925283930
Unemployed8288889284847275
Other activities/Unspecified1011915811910

Table 21 
Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
1Includes the number of man-weeks desired by the unemployed persons and the desired man-weeks minus the present man-weeks of the underemployed persons
Both sexes
Unemployed persons
Total121132134138120124123115
1-19 hours2021212020241724
20-36 hours2429323622203421
37 hours or more7782818378817270
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3232323232323232
Number of man-weeks desired10511311511810410610597
Underemployed persons
Total7174697373665557
1-19 hours75632433
20-36 hours2727262529232222
37 hours or more3742374542383031
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3334343534343434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks2628262728242021
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total1131141141145132130125118
 
Males
Unemployed persons
Total6880877773757065
1-19 hours7101571211411
20-36 hours10141221892010
37 hours or more5156605053544643
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3433333333333332
Number of man-weeks desired6271776964666256
Underemployed persons
Total2125232421221615
1-19 hours21211211
20-36 hours67757654
37 hours or more1317151814151010
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3435343634343334
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks91111108976
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total17182887972756962
 
Women
Unemployed persons
Total5352476148505351
1-19 hours13106138121313
20-36 hours1515201514111411
37 hours or more2527223325262527
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3030303031303030
Number of man-weeks desired4342385040404241
Underemployed persons
Total5049464952443942
1-19 hours53431322
20-36 hours2121202022171719
37 hours or more2425232728242021
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3333333434343434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1617161719151315
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total15959546759555556

Table 22 
Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000

Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6662 6352 6282 6582 666
Østfold137134134133134132133136
Akershus305312309314313309314316
Oslo365367367364367369370369
Hedmark9593919495959596
Oppland9395959594939695
Buskerud138138140140137138136140
Vestfold119119119121118120120122
Telemark8281828281808281
Aust-Agder5454545552525353
Vest-Agder8787878887888890
Rogaland246243245243236234240241
Hordaland268266266269264259267268
Sogn og Fjordane5757575757575856
Møre og Romsdal134132132132133132132130
Sør-Trøndelag164164163164164164166164
Nord-Trøndelag6768667068696968
Nordland117117119121113115116119
Troms - Romsa8786868786858786
Finnmark - Finnmárku3737363737363738
 
Males
Total1 4021 3951 3961 4071 3871 3871 4011 406
Østfold7371707171727173
Akershus158163162164164163165164
Oslo190191190189190189190190
Hedmark5148474850515050
Oppland4949494947485149
Buskerud7372757370717276
Vestfold6362626363646264
Telemark4444454543434444
Aust-Agder3029293028272728
Vest-Agder4545444547464748
Rogaland130132135132128125129132
Hordaland143139138142137137139138
Sogn og Fjordane3131313132303130
Møre og Romsdal7271717172717068
Sør-Trøndelag8686868887888888
Nord-Trøndelag3637373936373836
Nordland6260606259606163
Troms - Romsa4646464645464646
Finnmark - Finnmárku2019181919192021
 
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 2581 260
Østfold6463646262606163
Akershus146149147150149146148152
Oslo175176176175177179180180
Hedmark4344444645444545
Oppland4546464647454546
Buskerud6566656768676564
Vestfold5656575755565858
Telemark3937373738363937
Aust-Agder2525252524252526
Vest-Agder4242434341424242
Rogaland115111110112109109111109
Hordaland125126127127127122128130
Sogn og Fjordane2626272525262726
Møre og Romsdal6261616161616262
Sør-Trøndelag7777777677767976
Nord-Trøndelag3130293132323032
Nordland5557595955565456
Troms - Romsa4041404241404040
Finnmark - Finnmárku1818181817181817

Table 23 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group
Annual average2nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total68.067.367.467.766.766.567.167.2
Østfold63.161.261.560.560.759.960.061.5
Akershus69.870.269.870.670.168.969.669.7
Oslo71.871.071.270.370.670.971.170.7
Hedmark64.763.162.264.064.564.564.264.6
Oppland65.966.867.166.766.065.367.166.8
Buskerud66.866.166.966.765.465.764.866.5
Vestfold65.364.364.765.463.664.664.465.2
Telemark63.562.362.962.862.261.163.062.3
Aust-Agder62.962.261.863.560.260.160.760.9
Vest-Agder64.764.164.064.764.164.464.664.9
Rogaland70.769.370.069.567.566.968.468.6
Hordaland69.868.668.669.367.966.768.768.7
Sogn og Fjordane70.870.571.170.469.970.172.469.4
Møre og Romsdal68.667.067.066.967.266.866.965.5
Sør-Trøndelag69.468.568.468.768.268.268.867.7
Nord-Trøndelag66.667.065.669.567.467.567.666.6
Nordland64.464.465.566.562.363.463.565.2
Troms - Romsa69.568.868.469.868.267.668.668.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.663.362.164.563.162.564.365.2
 
Males
Total70.569.569.670.068.868.769.369.4
Østfold66.863.763.563.864.064.363.565.0
Akershus71.872.572.572.972.872.072.471.4
Oslo73.973.273.272.672.672.372.372.2
Hedmark69.265.163.864.867.668.067.067.4
Oppland67.667.868.467.465.265.769.867.1
Buskerud69.568.070.568.065.266.366.970.7
Vestfold68.967.067.068.167.368.465.967.9
Telemark66.566.467.767.964.965.666.167.0
Aust-Agder67.366.065.767.762.861.561.861.9
Vest-Agder65.965.164.365.567.165.867.068.2
Rogaland72.672.974.572.870.669.471.472.9
Hordaland72.369.969.471.068.668.669.768.8
Sogn og Fjordane74.173.873.275.074.972.374.770.9
Møre og Romsdal70.669.269.669.369.969.468.065.9
Sør-Trøndelag71.270.370.071.870.270.870.570.5
Nord-Trøndelag69.972.372.475.769.870.573.569.4
Nordland66.663.964.066.362.763.565.467.1
Troms - Romsa71.970.570.770.769.170.171.170.7
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.462.160.063.263.561.163.969.9
 
Females
Total65.565.065.065.364.664.164.964.8
Østfold59.358.659.557.257.455.356.457.9
Akershus67.767.967.068.367.365.866.767.9
Oslo69.768.869.168.068.669.569.769.3
Hedmark60.061.060.663.161.260.961.461.8
Oppland64.165.865.865.966.864.964.266.4
Buskerud64.064.263.165.365.765.062.562.1
Vestfold61.761.562.462.659.960.863.062.4
Telemark60.458.057.857.559.556.559.957.4
Aust-Agder58.358.257.859.257.458.759.659.8
Vest-Agder63.562.963.863.861.063.062.161.5
Rogaland68.765.565.165.964.164.365.164.1
Hordaland67.267.267.867.467.164.867.768.5
Sogn og Fjordane67.266.968.865.564.567.769.867.9
Møre og Romsdal66.464.664.264.364.463.965.665.1
Sør-Trøndelag67.566.666.765.466.265.367.064.9
Nord-Trøndelag63.061.558.563.164.864.461.463.6
Nordland62.164.967.266.661.963.361.463.1
Troms - Romsa67.066.966.068.867.265.065.866.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.864.764.566.062.764.164.860.0

Table 24 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
1. Managers7.79.35.97.99.36.3
2. Professionals26.821.033.327.020.833.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals17.018.815.116.918.914.7
4. Clerical support workers5.94.17.95.84.47.4
5. Service and sales workers19.912.228.620.312.429.1
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers1.92.80.91.92.70.9
7. Craft and related trades workers9.316.61.19.316.71.0
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers6.210.31.65.89.61.5
0,9. Other occupations5.35.05.65.15.05.2

Table 25 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6511 4021 2492 6471 3951 252
1. Managers2031307321013079
2. Professionals710295415714290424
3. Technicians and associate professionals452263189448264184
4. Clerical support workers15758991546292
5. Service and sales workers528171357537173364
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers503911493812
7. Craft and related trades workers2462321424623313
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1641442015413419
0,9. Other occupations14070701357065

Table 26 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000
2016
All sectorsPrivate sector and public enterprisesPublic sector
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6471 3951 2521 7881 129659848260588
1. Managers2101307916011051492129
2. Professionals714290424312179132401111291
3. Technicians and associate professionals4482641843392191201074463
4. Clerical support workers1546292133577620416
5. Service and sales workers53717336432312519821147164
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers493812483711111
7. Craft and related trades workers2462331324022812541
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541341914913019441
0,9. Other occupations1357065844341492624

Table 27 
Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000
2016
In total1. Managers2. Professionals3. Technicians and associate professionals4. Clerical support workers5. Service and sales workers6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers7. Craft and related trades workers8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers0,9. Other occupations
00-99 All industries2 64721071444815453749246154135
01-02 Agriculture and forestry410011135121
03 Fishing14102009100
05-09 Oil and gas extraction, mining and quarrying57416142108111
10-33 Manufacturing217262046133054497
35-39 Electricity, gas, water supply30458310415
41-43 Construction20614625930119209
45-47 Domestic trade3604817563316213536
49-53 Transport and storage139862326903575
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities7291364200111
58-63 Information and communication97106016430202
64-66 Financial and insurance activities475733100000
68-82 Real estate, tech.adm service2991693782534313433
84 Public administration and defence18222704471002125
85 Education2271217385240005
86-88 Human health and social work activities5381920966921501117
90-99 Other service activities1141130248290236

Table 28 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average
2016
TotalPart-timePercent Part-timeFull-timePercent Full-timeAverage working hours per week
Both sexes
In total2 64766825.21 97174.534.3
1. Managers210115.319894.639.2
2. Professionals71413819.457480.435.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals4487416.437483.435.6
4. Clerical support workers1544831.010668.632.3
5. Service and sales workers53729755.323744.027.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers491224.53774.741.3
7. Craft and related trades workers246176.922892.937.6
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541811.613688.337.9
0,9. Other occupations1355338.98260.430.4
 
Males
In total1 39520614.81 18685.036.6
1. Managers13064.412495.440.0
2. Professionals2903110.725989.237.5
3. Technicians and associate professionals2642610.023789.837.0
4. Clerical support workers621523.54776.133.3
5. Service and sales workers1737643.79755.829.9
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers38820.13079.243.9
7. Craft and related trades workers233146.121893.737.7
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1341410.112089.738.3
0,9. Other occupations701724.55275.034.0
 
Females
In total1 25246236.978662.731.8
1. Managers7956.97493.138.1
2. Professionals42410725.431574.434.6
3. Technicians and associate professionals1844725.713774.233.6
4. Clerical support workers923336.15963.631.5
5. Service and sales workers36422160.814038.426.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers12538.7760.333.1
7. Craft and related trades workers13321.71078.034.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers19421.91578.134.9
0,9. Other occupations653554.32944.826.6

About the statistics

The purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to provide information on the development in employment and unemployment, and on the relationship to the labour market for different groups. The statistics are published quarterly, normally 4 weeks after the end of the quarter.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages. Persons laid off 100 per cent with a continuous duration of until three months are defined as employed, temporarily absent.

Unemployed persons are persons who were not employed in the reference week, but who had been seeking work during the preceding four weeks, and were available for work in the reference week or within the next two weeks (in 1996-2005 one should be available within two weeks following the time of interview, and until 1996 one should be able to start working in the reference week). Persons laid off 100 per cent are defined as unemployed after three continuous months of leave.

Persons in the labour force are either employed or unemployed. The remaining group of persons is labelled not in the labour force .

Man-hours worked include all actual working hours, i.e. including overtime and excluding absence from work. Persons absent from work are not included in the calculation of actual working hours per week (in average) .

Contractual/usual working hours refer to the weekly number of working hours determined by the working contract. Absence from work because of illness, holidays etc. is not subtracted, and overtime is not included. Employees, whose contractual working hours vary from week to week, give information on both the actual reference week as well as the average of their contractual working hours per week (in the tables published the average numbers are normally used). For employees without contract on working hours, for self-employed and for unpaid family workers, data on their usual weekly working hours are used (as an average of their actual working hours during the last 4 weeks).

Full-time/part-time distinction is based on the contractual/usual working hours. Part-time: 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed.

Full-time: 37 hours and over, and the cases mentioned above. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized.

Overtime

Overtime is defined as working hours which exceed the contractual working hours for full-time employees, conducted during a specified reference week. The overtime may be compensated by payment or by time off, or be without any compensation. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter. 

A major revision of the LFS in 2006 led to a significant break in the time-series for overtime, i.e. lower estimates than published earlier. This was mostly due to changes in the questionnaire concerning working time.

Statistics on overtime include employees working full-time only. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized in order to classify them as either part- or full-time workers, as in LFS statistics generally.

For those with more jobs, overtime hours in the main job only are included. By calculating the overtime hours as a share of the total number of man-hours worked among full-time employees, the working hours in the second job are, however, included in the denominator. Persons temporarily absent from work are included in the denominator while calculating the share of employees working overtime, mainly to avoid seasonal variations.

Employees who just had an occasional job in the reference week, and on-call workers, are not asked about overtime, but they are included in the denominator if they were full-time employed in the reference week.

As from 2007 imputation is used concerning the overtime variables in case of proxy interviews and partial non-response.

Involuntary part-time employment comprises part-time employed persons seeking longer contractual/usual working hours by registering at the Employment Offices, advertising, contacting present employer etc., and who were able to start with increased working hours within a month.

Permanence of the job

The employees are asked whether they have a permanent job (a work contract of unlimited duration) or a temporary job (a work contract of limited duration). If the person has more than one job, only the main job is classified by permanence.

There are two kinds of working arrangements outside ordinary hours (Monday to Friday from 6 am to 6 pm).

  • Shift work is usually understood as working time outside normally working hours. What counts in the survey as shift work is based on the evaluation of the respondent. For respondents who have not answered the question on shift work, the value is imputed based on the answers they have given with regard to evening, night, Saturday and Sunday work.
  • Work outside ordinary hours, not shift work. This refers to work on evenings, nights, Saturdays and Sundays which is not shift work. Evening work is defined as work between 6 pm and 10 pm. Night work is between 10 pm and 6 am. Respondents who report that they work on one or more of these working time schedules outside ordinary hours are also asked about the frequency of this kind of work during a four week period. This is done for each of the working time schedule separately. Based on this, the work outside regularly hours is divided into the categories "regularly" or "sometimes". For evening and night work, the respondent must have this kind of work on at least half of their working days in the four week period to be defined as having regularly evening work and/or regularly night work. For work on weekends, they must work 2-4 Saturdays and/or 2-4 Sundays during the four week period to be defined as having regularly Saturday and/or Sunday work. The respondents who have these kinds of working schedules, but more seldom than indicated above, are defined as sometimes having this kind of work.

Working hour arrangements outside ordinary daytime are based on the contract for the employees, and on usual working time pattern for the self-employed. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter, but only for ¼ of the sample, and the results are published once a year: Labour force survey. Patterns of working time.

Course participation refers to job related courses which the respondent was paid to attend. Only courses received during a period of four weeks are included. Up to 2006 these questions were asked only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter to the whole sample. Labour force survey. Education and training.

As from 2006 the definition of age was changed from completed years at the end of the year to completed years at the time of the reference week.

The persons are classified by marital status as unmarried, married and previously married according to information given by the respondents. Previously married includes widows, widowers, separated and divorced persons. In the tables married women include cohabitants.

Immigrants are defined as persons born abroad by foreign-born parents who have emigrated toNorway. In statistics based on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) they are divided in two groups by country of birth:

1) Immigrants from EU/EFTA-countries,North-America,AustraliaandNew Zealand. 

2) Immigrants from Eastern Europe except EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08). The Norwegian standard has been named STYRK-08 (Notater 17/2011). 

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NOS C617).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Labour force survey
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market Statistics

Regional level

County and the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annual, but monthly publishing of some key figures seasonally adjusted (averages of the last 3 months). Quarterly figures are normally published 5 weeks after the end of the quarter.

International reporting

The quarterly data files are sent to Eurostat. Tables are sent each month/quarter/year to Eurostat, OECD, ILO and IMF, as well as to the Nordic Yearbook.

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the survey is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Users and applications

The surveys give information to the Labour Market Authorities and other users about the situation on the labour market, and provide data for labour force research and forecasts, as well as for international organizations and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

The results from the LFS are used in the National Accounts Statistics.

For statistics at regional levels (counties and municipalities), the Registerbased Employment Statistics are recommended. These statistics also give figures on employees who are immigrants.

Statistics Norway also produces statistics on selected industries based on data from the establishments, containing figures on employment, compensation of employees, value of production and capital formation etc. These statistics contain more detailed information about each industry than it is possible to give from the LFS and the National Accounts Statistics.

Statistics on unemployed persons at the Employment Offices and government measures to promote employment are compiled by the Directorate of Labour on the basis of registers of unemployed persons and applicants for work.

The figures on unemployment based on the LFS differ from the figures on unemployed persons registered at the Employment Offices. The LFS-figures also include unemployed persons not registered at the Employment Offices, some of the participants in government measures to promote employment and some of the disabled persons. On the other hand, some of the registered unemployed are not classified as unemployed in the LFS, on the basis of the information given on seeking and availability for work. As from 2006 persons on lay-off (until 3 months) are no longer classified as unemployed, but as employed persons (temporarily absent from work) in the LFS, while they still are classified as unemployed in the registerbased statistics. However, if the period of lay-off exceeds 3 months, they are classified as unemployed in the LFS as well.

The Population and Housing Censuses (each 10th year) give statistics on employment during the last 12 months, in addition to the situation in a specified reference week. As from 2001 onwards employment data based on administrative registers are used. Statistics on labour conflicts and working days lost are compiled by Statistics Norway on the basis of information supplied mostly by the labour and employers's organizations. The Surveys of Level of Living (by Statistics Norway) give information on physical working environment as well as organizational working conditions.

The main source to describe the situation for the immigrants on the labour market is the registerbased statistics on employment and unemployment. By using data from the LFS as a supplement we will achieve still more information regarding this group, for example on actual and desired working hours, temporary employment and patterns of working time. Moreover the LFS has more data than the registers on job seeking and desire for work.

The main problem using the LFS for statistics on immigrants is the size of the sample and the statistical uncertainty. The group of immigrants inNorwayis rather heterogeneous regarding their situation on the labour market, and therefore it is required to divide among at least two groups in the presentation of statistics. A further dividing by other variables will require long time-series in order to draw any conclusions.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006 the group was 16-74, and age defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Interview by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information).

The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

As the data collection is made by use of computer-assisted interviews, some procedures for electronic control of the registration of answers are included in the questionnaire, for example concerning the number of working hours during the reference week. In some cases the interviewers become a "warning" by recording an answer, in other cases maximum or minimum values have been set beforehand.

Person is the unit for analysis.

The absolute figures from the LFS are presented as estimated figures for the total population aged 15-74. The accurate number of persons in the population being represented by one person in the sample, the inflation factor, varies, with 170 on an average for quarterly figures. The estimation is done by a poststratification method using information from the Central Population Register, the Register of Employees and the Tax Register. Seasonally adjusted data are calculated by using the X12ARIMA method. For more information see Seasonal adjustment of LFS.

Seasonal adjustment

Quarterly figures from LFS are not seasonally adjusted

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

Most of the time-series from the LFS are comparable over time. Breaks in the series up to 2001 are described in the publication Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The concepts in LFS are defined in accordance with international recommendations, cf item 4.1, to ensure comparability among the countries.

As from 2006 the LFS was revised, mainly to be in accordance with the EU-requirements based on new ILO recommendations. Some definitions and parts of the questionnaire were changed, and some new variables were added. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week, instead of completed years at the end of the year, as earlier. Moreover the lower age limit to be covered by the survey was lowered from 16 to 15, in accordance with the surveys in other countries.

These changes from 2006 led to breaks in the time-series for the LFS estimates. The revised survey gives some lower estimates for unemployment (1 000 persons as an annual average for 2006) and some higher estimates for employment (8 000 in 2006). A break in the time series also occured for the estimates of actual working hours per week and man-hours worked. For more information, please cf. http://www.ssb.no/aku_en/. Quarterly data for 2006 are published according to both the revised and the unrevised LFS, in order to improve the comparability for the figures between 2006 and 2005. The breaks in the time-series were most significant for figures divided by age groups.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data. The use of proxy interviews (asking near family members instead of the observation unit) often increase the problems of measurement. As an average the employment is underestimated because of proxy interviews.

The non-response rate was approximately 10-12 per cent in the years 1972-1991, and for the next six years just 6-8 per cent. From 1998 onwards the non-response has increased gradually, up to approximately 20 per cent in 2012.

 Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

Variance

The estimates from the LFS are based on a sample of family units. Somewhat different results might have been obtained if a different sample or if a complete census had been taken using the same questionnaires, interviewers, processing, etc. as those actually used in the LFS. The uncertainty introduced by sampling is called the sampling error or standard deviation of the estimates.

Standard deviation of the estimates and coefficient of variations are published in StatBank Norway for the variables employed, part-time employed, average actual hours of work per week and unemployed by age, gender and region, both for level and change estimates. The quarterly figures of s are published in the StatBank table 09937 and the annual figures in StatBank table 09938 .

If the reader wants an indication of the size of the standard deviation for quarterly figures and annual averages for other variables or group divisions, see the table below. These indications are only guiding, and can not be interpreted as precise calculations for any variable. Changes between two surveys will usually have the same absolute uncertainty as the two figures which are compared.

 

Indication of the standard deviation for other variables than in StatBank table 09937 and 09938

 
 

Quarterly figures

 

Annual averages

 

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

 
           

5 000

800

16,0

500

10,0

 

7 000

900

12,9

600

8,6

 

10 000

1 100

11,0

700

7,0

 

20 000

1 600

8,0

1 100

5,5

 

30 000

1 900

6,3

1 300

4,3

 

40 000

2 200

5,5

1 500

3,8

 

50 000

2 500

5,0

1 700

3,4

 

60 000

2 700

4,5

1 800

3,0

 

70 000

2 900

4,1

1 900

2,7

 

100 000

3 500

3,5

2 300

2,3

 

200 000

4 800

2,4

3 200

1,6

 

300 000

5 800

1,9

3 900

1,3

 

400 000

6 600

1,7

4 400

1,1

 

500 000

7 200

1,4

4 800

1,0

 

1 000 000

9 100

0,9

6 100

0,6

 

1 700 000

9 600

0,6

6 400

0,4

 

2 000 000

9 100

0,5

6 100

0,3

 

Revision

Not relevant

Contact