290011
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
290011
statistikk
2017-10-16T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

9.2

billion NOK – trade surplus in September 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
September 2017August 2017 - September 2017September 2016 - September 2017September 2017September 2016 - September 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports63 935-2.011.2611 00513.2
Crude oil15 768-9.611.5160 42223.5
Natural gas12 524-0.859.1129 75616.3
Natural gas condensates249-27.2-19.53 58223.8
Ships and oil platforms2806135.0259.89 379101.6
Mainland exports34 5870.2-1.0307 8655.9
Fish7 8497.5-7.566 9096.0
 
Imports54 7551.00.9484 4747.5
Ships and oil platforms293-90.8-96.910 539-12.1
 
The trade balance9 180-17.0184.8126 53141.8
The mainland trade balance-20 074-7.5-23.2-166 071-12.3

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201553 28852 92349 628365-
October 201553 64953 20949 446440-
November 201554 21252 69951 4361 512-
December 201550 99750 87750 585121-
January 201643 65743 41648 984241-
February 201649 54249 15750 111385-
March 201650 53248 81449 3571 718-
April 201650 35049 68447 908666-
May 201649 66449 27949 086385-
June 201653 79551 00048 2742 796-
July 201645 89745 07449 540823-
August 201652 87350 93849 5521 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 6113 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 5251 599-
November 201656 94651 98348 1384 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 673835-
January 201751 38048 05451 3033 326-
February 201748 82847 20050 3341 628-
March 201757 19955 86750 4161 332-
April 201743 90443 88150 30723-
May 201759 79859 09856 786701-
June 201767 37165 86361 8591 507-
July 201747 04346 12650 770916-
August 201754 19653 18451 5211 012-
September 201754 75554 66254 13893-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201568 33668 33470 44035 61733 8413-
October 201573 82373 64869 03635 76834 126175-
November 201567 22966 89263 59533 51233 369338-
December 201566 84165 93663 17434 42034 406905-
January 201660 66560 17959 58330 81532 074486-
February 201660 39460 26359 70832 28232 974130-
March 201661 91261 84957 63933 01731 93263-
April 201661 51760 87763 04432 86131 831640-
May 201658 22558 10460 28130 56031 223121-
June 201660 35958 80161 09234 77032 7811 558-
July 201659 27458 63761 20030 14932 243637-
August 201660 00359 20962 05531 36332 354795-
September 201657 47957 25559 04334 92633 325224-
October 201668 88065 70261 56430 84830 9353 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 56433 20331 4811 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 41332 20632 9382 704-
January 201774 81371 09670 72431 86432 8253 716-
February 201769 76867 68669 68631 81633 5122 082-
March 201777 09275 88270 53838 75234 3171 211-
April 201766 11666 09368 43331 99335 14323-
May 201767 01366 61569 09335 04034 908398-
June 201766 44465 64567 88437 18334 562799-
July 201760 56960 56963 49832 11735 202--
August 201765 25564 91167 89534 51335 240343-
September 201763 93563 12965 16734 58733 681806-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201515 04915 411-17 306
October 201520 17420 439-17 441
November 201513 01814 192-19 187
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201723 43323 042-16 190
February 201720 94020 486-15 384
March 201719 89320 015-17 115
April 201722 21222 212-11 889
May 20177 2157 517-24 058
June 2017-926-218-28 680
July 201713 52614 443-14 009
August 201711 05811 727-18 671
September 20179 1808 467-20 074

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201532 71736 15014 72716 03117 74223 122247
October 201537 88034 75618 09016 53919 33517 799455
November 201533 37931 21813 86514 03819 03516 120480
December 201531 51629 01711 91212 21319 49115 830113
January 201629 36427 07512 13512 26316 66214 356567
February 201627 98228 02612 24313 14015 65914 29080
March 201628 83226 99712 18712 57716 25613 389389
April 201628 01628 96214 75114 09812 95513 778310
May 201627 54429 23515 56315 17311 85913 498123
June 201624 03127 49713 44914 45510 02512 826557
July 201628 48929 86517 34416 67510 73012 286415
August 201627 84629 18618 10716 7129 59612 244144
September 201622 32924 33914 14715 1387 87310 143309
October 201634 85431 82318 20316 57916 22014 922432
November 201635 59733 31818 74319 05616 48413 904371
December 201637 31534 45820 72421 33916 47013 386121
January 201739 23336 29121 88222 07416 91614 658434
February 201735 87036 10018 60020 17616 68015 155590
March 201737 13034 84018 21618 97118 42015 205493
April 201734 10035 14119 22718 24714 44715 363426
May 201731 57633 46618 14017 51113 13615 017300
June 201728 46232 53316 36317 51011 84315 259256
July 201728 45230 04414 79214 38213 16815 057492
August 201730 39831 77517 43316 08212 62316 008342
September 201728 54130 87815 76816 79012 52416 075249

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
September 2016September 2017September 2016 - September 2017So far this yearSeptember 2016 - September 2017
September 2016September 2017
Total54 25654 7550.9450 568484 4747.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)3 04293-96.911 99210 539-12.1
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms51 21454 6626.7438 576473 9358.1
 
0 Food and live animals3 6443 518-3.532 32531 578-2.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03121743.413117936.9
01 Meat and meat preparations9911213.31 3011 160-10.8
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs90988.9952942-1.1
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof312303-2.93 2723 090-5.6
04 Cereals and cereal preparations489456-6.73 9423 850-2.3
05 Vegetables and fruit833806-3.39 1999 053-1.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey180157-12.81 2601 193-5.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices422388-8.22 9052 9702.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)619555-10.44 9514 906-0.9
09 Miscellaneous edible products5876266.64 4124 235-4.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7297492.86 5176 7934.2
11 Beverages4534560.74 4024 4571.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2752936.42 1152 33710.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 8332 8671.223 36728 12920.4
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-41.41913-34.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits154147-4.81 4091 58212.3
23 Crude rubber101220.41041094.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork37842111.53 4593 5953.9
25 Pulp and waste paper4745-4.0425400-6.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste118-27.185850.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales261252-3.72 3862 222-6.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 7471 7630.913 35017 89834.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials223218-2.12 1292 2244.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials1 6662 28437.115 29323 05150.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes11316445.61 2511 56825.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products1 4492 02039.412 38719 84860.2
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude1 1631 53331.89 23713 25843.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured6867-0.5810520-35.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane566211.7722430-40.4
35 Electric current3732-11.78451 11531.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes776615-20.85 1055 1130.2
41 Animal oils and fats383267-30.42 4271 998-17.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated367321-12.72 5292 95216.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed26288.21501638.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 8065 8140.147 39951 3698.4
51 Organic chemicals1 019655-35.86 4406 7945.5
52 Inorganic chemicals38042511.83 5493 8438.3
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3083234.92 5832 6603.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 4121 69019.711 86413 74515.9
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6536834.75 4215 4791.1
56 Fertilizers17220116.72 1241 922-9.5
57 Plastics in primary forms4034398.93 5093 6213.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms497494-0.64 3124 3591.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.962904-6.07 5968 94517.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 6379 93630.165 01378 72321.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins434914.04154201.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.542528-2.53 9613 9740.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures690678-1.85 4255 6664.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof696670-3.95 7195 565-2.7
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6216413.35 4925 7675.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8538540.26 8616 9140.8
67 Iron and steel1 2591 2670.710 75110 422-3.1
68 Non-ferrous metals72682413.66 3027 04611.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 2084 425100.420 08732 94864.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment22 04019 807-10.1179 845185 5953.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment793727-8.37 2749 46030.1
72 Machinery for special industries1 9901 881-5.519 38218 313-5.5
73 Metal working machinery145101-30.51 0561 1044.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 5592 449-4.324 45022 354-8.6
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3811 341-2.912 02512 2221.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.1 9842 0764.716 66418 1188.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 7052 7752.622 99123 7773.4
78 Road vehicles6 2187 30517.550 36656 32711.8
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 0405 17228.030 71935 27714.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships4 2671 152-73.025 63723 919-6.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles9 0359 0810.574 87373 249-2.2
81 Prefabricated buildings.8939648.06 9046 641-3.8
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2221 2562.811 12911 5183.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.149145-2.61 2481 3014.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2 1702 1750.215 33215 4971.1
85 Footwear523512-2.14 3844 317-1.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 2061 2654.912 06411 939-1.0
88 Photographic and optical goods2502718.42 1332 2425.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 6222 493-4.921 67919 794-8.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions9085-6.48318755.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3832-14.8367317-13.7
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-21.3118-20.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)5252-0.445355021.2

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
September 2016September 2017September 2016 - September 2017So far this yearSeptember 2016 - September 2017
September 2016September 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total57 47963 93511.2539 828611 00513.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)14 14715 76811.5129 926160 42223.5
Natural gas (SITC 343)7 87312 52459.1111 613129 75616.3
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)309249-19.42 8943 58223.8
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)224806259.84 6539 379101.6
Mainland exports34 92634 587-1.0290 742307 8655.9
 
0 Food and live animals9 1008 412-7.667 81671 4435.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0383-56.75224-52.9
01 Meat and meat preparations303518.916519920.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs8773-15.9589569-3.4
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof8 4857 849-7.563 13066 9096.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations283525.423227518.1
05 Vegetables and fruit2112-40.8192114-40.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey3593.96833-51.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices40412.724929719.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)254215-15.11 8811 817-3.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products145142-1.71 2581 207-4.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9884-13.7742663-10.7
11 Beverages9683-13.0727655-10.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures21-50.4148-47.6
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 3001 47313.411 13212 0278.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw283420.2433421-2.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10-37.425105.3
23 Crude rubber43-7.2354012.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork27531614.82 3992 4351.5
25 Pulp and waste paper226221-2.31 9502 1419.8
26 Textile fibres and their waste2220-8.21931940.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales364319-12.42 9022 802-3.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap34652150.72 9663 69524.6
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials343914.525129517.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials27 24834 15725.4281 615343 30321.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1720-99.95151-99.8
33 Petroleum, petroleum products17 43319 67912.9155 588195 51825.7
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude2 9033 60124.022 28131 07739.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9 16713 82450.8121 455143 54518.2
342 Liquefied propane and butane9851 14115.88 12711 81145.3
35 Electric current47665437.44 0584 2384.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes166155-6.61 5991 552-3.0
41 Animal oils and fats6766-0.7744743-0.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4234-19.1388371-4.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed5755-4.5468438-6.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 4234 376-1.137 97340 4506.5
51 Organic chemicals1 3281 3632.610 67211 94211.9
52 Inorganic chemicals59466812.65 7536 0354.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials12417137.21 2281 40514.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products51959915.54 3954 5112.7
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc122117-3.69991 0454.7
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms43448712.23 9914 1734.6
58 Plastics in non-primary forms145133-8.39601 18623.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 158838-27.69 97410 1531.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 5286 8354.755 13960 2409.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins6830.15953-10.7
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.586715.447160227.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures1361457.31 0811 1627.5
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4254423.83 9923 870-3.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1351371.61 1891 153-3.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.154142-7.21 1381 2429.1
67 Iron and steel1 0211 33931.19 39411 32620.6
68 Non-ferrous metals3 6933 8263.630 37634 43713.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.900729-19.07 4376 396-14.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment6 4556 045-6.363 94062 524-2.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment641504-21.45 3556 31818.0
72 Machinery for special industries1 111774-30.310 1957 393-27.5
73 Metal working machinery4295123.245861734.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 543968-37.315 58211 336-27.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines19322616.81 6981 8267.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.42655129.53 7404 54521.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus987925-6.310 5649 818-7.1
78 Road vehicles6176403.75 2695 5214.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships8931 36352.611 07815 14836.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 1012 33211.019 26818 195-5.6
81 Prefabricated buildings.11112613.81 0931 0970.4
82 Furniture and parts thereof257248-3.42 1582 034-5.7
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.87-17.37573-2.5
84 Articles of apparel and accessories9210716.754064118.8
85 Footwear111643.3961025.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 047782-25.310 0507 793-22.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2619-26.4197179-9.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s5501 02786.85 0606 27624.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions62656.06056080.5
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind011 318.0021 003.3
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-93.5131-88.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)60646.35926042.1

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2016September 2017September 2016September 2017
Total450 568484 4747.5539 828611 00513.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries90 87397 9497.870 13083 45619.0
EFTA6 9988 02414.75 4995 5991.8
EU280 198296 0765.7420 900487 56415.8
OECD343 419371 0248.0470 211543 86715.7
Developing countries86 89291 6685.551 45046 246-10.1
LDC - least developed countries3 0942 825-8.74 3392 539-41.5
 
Continents and countries
Europe300 569319 3716.3432 402502 61116.2
Belgium7 9007 562-4.323 70127 50416.0
Denmark24 54627 17210.723 42728 78322.9
Estonia3 5444 05414.48641 14632.6
Finland10 70810 9372.17 0508 51820.8
France15 36315 295-0.435 65135 190-1.3
Greece46251411.38198362.1
Ireland3 0774 20536.77 9286 958-12.2
Iceland1 3242 25370.22 7283 38824.2
Italy13 92815 87414.06 9708 64924.1
Lithuania4 8775 45611.93 8084 93029.5
Netherlands17 46319 24610.256 32163 14812.1
Poland15 79916 7746.212 41613 69210.3
Portugal1 9331 882-2.63 7553 581-4.6
Romania2 0851 838-11.85785922.4
Russia7 3258 85220.81 1901 66539.9
Slovakia2 2142 4048.623526412.3
Spain10 1929 497-6.810 06813 73336.4
United Kingdom23 23824 3704.9105 970134 24226.7
Switzerland5 6255 7261.82 7672 199-20.5
Sweden53 67657 0176.236 19341 98416.0
Czech Republic4 9825 2074.51 3821 4928.0
Turkey4 3194 75910.23 0774 96361.3
Germany54 35056 5544.179 45187 98210.7
Hungary2 0121 972-2.059571119.5
Austria3 3553 91716.81 4101 5298.4
Other countires in Europe6 2726 034-3.84 0484 93221.8
 
Asia92 570103 55611.953 66352 250-2.6
Hong Kong59171521.01 3101 110-15.3
India2 6802 9429.81 6421 7607.2
Japan11 13310 540-5.37 4077 091-4.3
China48 66348 256-0.814 99512 725-15.1
Malaysia1 7332 19526.71 1311 78357.6
Singapore2 4792 4840.25 9267 00718.2
South Korea11 29218 48563.77 6905 830-24.2
Taiwan3 1033 2514.81 2231 2603.0
Thailand2 4884 91597.51 6811 89312.6
Vietnam2 5513 43034.51 9222 41725.8
Other countires in Asia5 8576 3438.38 7369 3747.3
 
North and Central America40 04243 9849.833 87341 52422.6
Canada7 76310 20831.55 8028 53047.0
United States29 70630 9124.123 97929 52123.1
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 5732 86411.34 0923 473-55.2
 
South America10 49310 5550.64 9584 158-16.1
Brazil6 8067 1024.33 1492 976-5.5
Chile865704-18.6955466-51.2
Peru1 3701 118-18.4697914.5
Other countries in South-America1 4521 63112.3785637-18.9
 
Africa6 1056 031-1.212 7229 098-28.5
Angola40424-94.13 2491 130-65.2
Botswana978133-86.41--100.0
South Africa1 3311 70027.7876463-47.1
Other countires in Africa3 3924 17423.18 5967 505-12.7
 
Oceania78997824.02 2111 363-38.4
Australia47368244.21 2121 148-5.3
New Zealand313292-6.7282178-36.9
Other countires in Oceania3433.371737-94.8

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2016September 2017September 2016September 2017
Total438 576473 9358.1290 742307 8655.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries90 65397 0927.153 71759 69711.1
EFTA6 9637 1753.05 4115 5462.5
EU278 876293 0115.1185 544200 7388.2
OECD335 136362 2288.1229 530246 2777.3
Developing countries83 26290 0798.246 52543 971-5.5
LDC - least developed countries3 0942 825-8.74 1522 412-41.9
 
Continents and countries
Europe298 845314 8915.4197 693214 6088.6
Belgium7 9007 562-4.39 06810 68017.8
Denmark24 53727 16810.716 92618 0476.6
Estonia3 5444 05414.48641 14632.6
Finland10 70210 9372.25 6055 6731.2
France15 33015 295-0.212 01710 106-15.9
Greece46251411.37297878.0
Ireland3 0744 20536.82 8292 690-4.9
Iceland1 2891 4048.92 6413 33526.3
Italy13 92413 559-2.65 9586 4608.4
Lithuania4 8775 45411.82 5893 01516.5
Netherlands17 06719 16112.325 85529 85415.5
Poland15 79316 7065.812 41612 8823.8
Portugal1 9331 882-2.63 3473 5817.0
Romania2 0851 838-11.85785922.4
Russia7 3258 85220.81 1901 66439.8
Slovakia2 2142 4048.623526412.3
Spain9 4689 4790.17 3497 4861.9
United Kingdom23 19424 2514.623 00527 12017.9
Switzerland5 6255 7261.82 7672 199-20.5
Sweden53 65057 0146.327 95132 09414.8
Czech Republic4 9825 2074.51 3821 4928.0
Turkey4 0274 1934.13 0413 98631.1
Germany54 33956 1033.223 38122 929-1.9
Hungary2 0121 972-2.059571119.5
Austria3 3553 91716.81 4101 5298.4
Other countries in Europe6 1376 034-1.73 9654 2868.1
 
Asia82 59797 76918.451 28551 232-0.1
Hong Kong59171521.01 1771 110-5.7
India2 6802 9429.81 3401 63421.9
Japan11 13310 040-9.87 4077 091-4.3
China45 40047 9295.614 27712 650-11.4
Malaysia1 7332 19526.71 1311 78357.6
Singapore2 4631 790-27.35 8366 69414.7
South Korea4 59914 667218.97 4425 689-23.6
Taiwan3 1033 2514.81 2231 2603.0
Thailand2 4884 91597.51 6811 7685.2
Vietnam2 5513 00617.81 9222 41725.8
Other countries in Asia5 8566 3197.97 8499 13616.4
 
North and Central America39 74843 73310.024 86627 77311.7
Canada7 76310 20831.52 8043 34819.4
United States29 70630 9124.120 08722 69413.0
Other countries in North and Central America2 2792 61314.71 9751 731-12.4
 
South America10 49310 5550.64 2724 158-2.7
Brazil6 8067 1024.33 0052 976-1.0
Chile865704-18.6609466-23.5
Peru1 3701 118-18.4697914.5
Other countries in South America1 4521 63112.35896378.1
 
Africa6 1056 011-1.511 2508 753-22.2
Angola40424-94.13 2491 130-65.2
Botswana978133-86.41--100.0
South Africa1 3311 70027.74554631.8
Other countries in Africa3 3924 15422.57 5457 160-5.1
 
Oceania78997623.71 3771 341-2.6
Australia47368244.21 2121 148-5.3
New Zealand313292-6.714317824.5
Other countries in Oceania32-33.32215-31.8

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
September 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total484 47431 5786 79328 12923 0515 11351 36978 723185 59573 249875
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)296 07619 7906 12711 50218 0162 48138 15848 301112 16238 707832
Nordic countries97 9497 4081 7915 80510 8291 44810 90818 82726 43813 719776
Developing countries91 6687 8872177 9941 2099512 91311 80431 71526 94434
Russia8 852678124232 2791 0926503 5036714913
India2 942598025012718132909430
Japan10 5405837404171 7687 5597259
China48 2567090179281 1745 70823 35117 1139
Singapore2 4841511434961841831 185214163
South Korea18 485222185132859 8018 047291127
United States30 9127741692041 3412904 8041 26118 0783 9873
Canada10 208249107 42816908452989512562
Brazil7 1021 96504 7230068163147307
South Africa1 7003443968800321674031214

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
September 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total611 00571 44366312 027343 3031 55240 45060 24062 52418 195608
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)487 56446 8624269 733310 95595324 21248 24535 92510 153101
Nordic countries83 45612 5452543 01632 7394126 50211 26512 5304 14946
Developing countries46 24610 309181 3657 25119910 1704 29210 4982 1450
Russia1 6651101163402495394701282 010
India1 760160174280146649725076-
Japan7 0912 801220078298099501 353187-
China12 7252 1699823555304 9318922 6436730
Singapore7 007613143 81937751661 164462-
South Korea5 8301 608168281124397642 0076500
United States29 5214 57310914310 3332752 3273 5096 1242 1290
Canada8 53060510735 868171803851 164228-
Brazil2 97667023003879432723237-
South Africa4632210315513912914-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2016September 2017September 2016 - September 2017So far this yearSeptember 2016 - September 2017
September 2016September 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country34 92634 587-1.0290 742307 8655.9
 
County of production1
Østfold1 4631 207-17.511 76712 4515.8
Akershus498424-14.95 0793 944-22.3
Oslo725690-4.86 5246 498-0.4
Hedmark31234510.62 9172 9501.1
Oppland49658417.74 5645 09311.6
Buskerud1 0841 60347.910 01010 9048.9
Vestfold1 4321 75122.311 89715 81332.9
Telemark1 6711 500-10.214 84315 4474.1
Aust-Agder277249-10.12 5852 367-8.4
Vest-Agder2 5112 333-7.120 48321 1283.1
Rogaland2 7312 722-0.323 91227 16613.6
Hordaland5 6405 336-5.443 22049 52514.6
Sogn og Fjordane1 1101 1856.88 9289 99712.0
Møre og Romsdal3 6953 298-10.729 20828 378-2.8
Sør-Trøndelag1 4431 70618.212 73714 39213.0
Nord-Trøndelag716431-39.85 3524 358-18.6
Nordland2 5342 5972.518 95120 2686.9
Troms - Romsa67788931.35 5676 50516.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku441424-3.94 1314 3274.7
Svalbard1720-100.05150-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 2841 49716.610 52711 82512.3
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 6223 303-8.832 16929 523-8.2
County not stated39250929.84 8545 0053.1

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
September 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country34 5878 4967 8491 6285 61618 847
 
County of production1
Østfold1 2077261921942
Akershus424533140357
Oslo690384271624
Hedmark3458-1500188
Oppland5843-171563
Buskerud1 603305801 542
Vestfold1 75147-89876739
Telemark1 50021941291 409
Aust-Agder24932-14-204
Vest-Agder2 333171628-2 288
Rogaland2 7223002361311 1831 108
Hordaland5 3361 1421 1081912 8631 140
Sogn og Fjordane1 18539739632-756
Møre og Romsdal3 2981 6941 63910911 494
Sør-Trøndelag1 7061 2041 17847-456
Nord-Trøndelag43114514245-241
Nordland2 5971 4811 46769-1 047
Troms - Romsa8898107657-73
Finnmark - Finnmárku42437637243-5
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 49754245924665455
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 3035694953 193
County not stated5095638281424

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - August 2017
Total429 7190.41.6
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)10 44517.5213.2
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms419 2740.00.0
 
0 Food and live animals28 0600.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031620.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1 048-0.1-0.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs8440.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof2 7870.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3 3930.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit8 2470.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 0360.00.7
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2 5820.0-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)4 3510.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products3 6090.0-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6 0440.00.0
11 Beverages4 0010.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 043-0.10.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels25 2620.10.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw110.0-0.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 4360.0-0.1
23 Crude rubber970.0-0.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1740.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper3550.0-0.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste770.0-0.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 9710.00.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap16 1350.10.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 0060.0-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials20 7671.84.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 4040.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products17 8282.15.4
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude11 7240.00.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured453-0.21.2
342 Liquefied propane and butane3680.00.0
35 Electric current1 0830.00.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes4 4990.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 7320.0-0.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 6320.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1350.0-0.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.45 5550.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals6 1390.00.2
52 Inorganic chemicals3 4180.0-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2 3370.0-0.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products12 0550.00.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc4 796-0.1-0.2
56 Fertilizers1 7210.00.7
57 Plastics in primary forms3 182-0.1-0.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms3 8650.0-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8 0410.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material68 7870.0-0.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins3710.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.3 4460.0-0.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures4 9880.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 8960.0-0.2
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5 126-0.1-0.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.6 060-0.1-0.3
67 Iron and steel9 155-0.1-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals6 2220.0-0.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.28 5230.0-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment165 7880.94.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8 733-0.1-1.9
72 Machinery for special industries16 432-0.1-0.2
73 Metal working machinery1 003-0.1-0.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment19 905-0.1-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines10 8810.0-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.16 0420.0-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus21 002-0.1-0.2
78 Road vehicles49 0220.0-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships22 7677.444.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles64 168-0.1-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.5 6770.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof10 2620.0-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 156-0.1-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories13 3220.0-0.2
85 Footwear3 8050.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments10 6740.0-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods1 971-0.1-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s17 301-0.3-0.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions7900.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind2850.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender80.00.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)4970.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - August 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total547 0700.0-0.5
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)144 6540.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)117 2320.0-6.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)3 3330.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)8 5730.0143.8
Mainland exports273 2770.0-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals63 0310.0-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03210.0-0.2
01 Meat and meat preparations163-0.8-1.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs4960.00.3
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof59 0600.0-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2390.0-0.2
05 Vegetables and fruit1010.0-0.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey280.0-0.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2560.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 602-0.1-0.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 0640.0-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco578-0.2-0.3
11 Beverages572-0.2-0.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures70.20.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels10 5540.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3870.00.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits40.00.0
23 Crude rubber360.0-0.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 1190.0-0.7
25 Pulp and waste paper1 9200.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1730.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 4830.0-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 1740.0-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2560.00.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials309 1460.0-2.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1-3.6-1.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products175 8390.00.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude27 4760.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured129 7220.0-5.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane10 6700.00.1
35 Electric current3 5850.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 397-0.1-0.2
41 Animal oils and fats677-0.3-0.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3370.0-0.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed3840.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.36 0740.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals10 5790.0-0.3
52 Inorganic chemicals5 3670.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 2350.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products3 9120.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc9280.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms3 686-0.1-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 052-0.1-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9 3150.0-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material53 4050.00.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins45-0.5-0.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.535-0.2-0.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 016-0.1-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof3 4280.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 016-0.20.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 1000.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel9 9870.0-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals30 6110.0-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.5 6670.02.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment56 4780.09.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment5 8140.0-4.9
72 Machinery for special industries6 6190.0-0.4
73 Metal working machinery5230.0-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment10 3690.0-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 6010.0-0.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.3 9940.0-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus8 8930.0-0.6
78 Road vehicles4 8800.0-0.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships13 7850.059.6
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles15 864-0.1-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.9710.0-0.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 7860.0-0.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.660.0-0.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories5340.0-0.4
85 Footwear860.0-0.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments7 011-0.1-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods1600.0-1.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s5 250-0.1-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions5420.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind10.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)5400.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact

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