290120
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar-endelige
290120
statistikk
2017-05-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

27.1 %

reduction in exports of natural gas from 2015 to 2016

External trade in goods
NOK MillionShare in per centChange in per cent
201620162015 - 2016
Imports609 516100.0-1.0
Ships and oil platforms19 3883.2-28.1
 
Exports751 399100.0-10.0
Crude oil187 59525.0-4.8
Natural gas160 78721.4-27.1
Natural gas condensates3 8170.5-16.4
Ships and oil platforms12 2011.636.5
Mainland exports386 99851.5-4.2
 
The trade balance141 882.-35.4
The mainland trade balance-203 130.-10.1

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2016
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total609 516100.0751 399100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation134 12722.052 4997.0
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles42 0606.916 1452.1
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms92 06715.136 3544.8
Intermediate comsumption198 65232.6163 05421.7
Food12 0102.02 4670.3
Parts for machinery and transport equipment62 76210.340 8425.4
Other intermediate consumption123 88020.3119 74515.9
Building and construction articles68 09111.228 5663.8
Energy products21 5203.5398 33553.0
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates7 8461.316 6582.2
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels12 2082.0376 22950.1
Electric current1 4660.25 4480.7
Consumer goods143 52523.5108 47014.4
Durable consumer goods27 9374.64 5120.6
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars5 2120.95860.1
Semi-durable consumer goods39 1626.42 8580.4
Non-durable consumer goods76 42712.5101 10013.5
Whereof food39 1216.493 45012.4
Passenger cars43 1187.14750.1
Unclassified goods14830.100.0

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2016
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total609 516100.0751 399100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing17 2262.857 2857.6
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services15 2942.56910.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services4180.11 6430.2
03 Fish and other fishing products1 5140.254 9517.3
 
Mining and quarrying8 3701.4353 62447.1
05 Coal and lignite8520.15150.1
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas1 4630.2348 38246.4
07 Metal ores3 1150.51 0440.1
08 Other mining and quarrying products2 9400.53 6830.5
 
Manufactured products574 04894.2324 50943.2
10 Food products40 5406.742 9035.7
11 Beverages6 1121.09810.1
12 Tobacco products3 0180.5160.0
13 Textiles7 3671.21 4840.2
14 Wearing apparel19 3553.29070.1
15 Leather and related products7 4521.22900.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture14 1402.32 9670.4
17 Paper and paper products8 7161.47 3501.0
18 Printing and recording services300.010.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products19 2493.243 9865.9
20 Chemicals and chemical products38 9516.434 3314.6
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations16 4972.713 5941.8
22 Rubber and plastics products20 3833.33 7120.5
23 Other non-metallic mineral products9 9711.62 4900.3
24 Basic metals35 6765.954 2087.2
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment29 8804.911 2731.5
26 Computer, electronic and optical products57 9799.521 5452.9
27 Electrical equipment33 1565.414 6511.9
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.65 98810.837 2775.0
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers66 71010.96 7070.9
30 Other transport equipment43 0137.118 7972.5
31 Furniture14 0862.32 4730.3
32 Other manufactured goods15 7802.62 5680.3
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning1 4660.25 4480.7
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning1 4660.25 4480.7
 
Water supply2 8590.53 8410.5
37 Sewerage services00.000.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services2 8590.53 8410.5
 
Information and communication services4 8380.88640.1
58 Publishing services4 5020.78430.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing3360.1200.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services60.060.0
71 Architectural and engineering services30.010.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services30.040.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services7030.16290.1
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services5150.15940.1
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1880.0350.0
 
Other services-0.000.0
96 Other personal services-0.000.0
 
Unknown product1-0.05 1930.7
00 Unknown-0.05 1930.7

Table 3 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201520162015201620152016
Total615 485609 516835 267751 399219 782141 882
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries122 145123 90895 77492 728-26 371-31 180
EFTA9 0259 2226 8337 916-2 192-1 306
EU373 766379 201662 463587 705288 697208 504
OECD467 995465 105736 921653 857268 926188 752
Developing countries117 077118 33968 45868 049-48 619-50 290
LDC - least developed countries3 3613 7884 5525 4681 1911 680
 
Continents and countries
Europe402 214407 056676 819604 992274 605197 937
Belgium10 28811 03540 66732 69630 37921 661
Denmark35 16234 02632 81129 944-2 352-4 082
Estonia4 6474 7651 3471 201-3 301-3 564
Finland13 79814 6709 1559 976-4 642-4 694
France20 20220 12052 42250 25232 21930 132
Greece5365691 3831 071847502
Ireland4 5294 44711 96311 6957 4347 247
Iceland1 8801 8413 5873 6771 7071 835
Italy18 42518 2797 4169 847-11 009-8 431
Lithuania6 0996 7203 7935 106-2 306-1 614
Netherlands22 39624 30791 80279 84269 40655 534
Poland18 67121 38216 15217 399-2 519-3 983
Portugal2 3842 6204 5444 7572 1602 137
Romania4 0622 9231 106761-2 957-2 162
Russia11 2619 7322 3992 268-8 862-7 464
Slovakia2 8123 183296324-2 517-2 859
Spain11 08913 82112 76013 7031 670-118
United Kingdom39 43930 756167 986155 502128 548124 747
Switzerland7 0777 3133 2444 236-3 833-3 077
Sweden70 61772 62949 31348 264-21 304-24 365
Czech Republic6 4446 8621 4741 857-4 969-5 005
Turkey5 8256 5914 1944 178-1 632-2 413
Germany69 44672 937148 501107 09579 05634 159
Hungary2 5112 711897804-1 614-1 907
Austria4 2824 4562 0821 807-2 200-2 648
Other countries in Europe8 3328 3615 5256 730-2 807-1 631
 
Asia132 230126 52684 09872 229-48 131-54 297
Hong Kong1 0848061 9581 680873873
India3 2393 5101 8932 160-1 346-1 350
Japan13 34114 2699 92310 251-3 418-4 019
China64 84567 06923 84319 755-41 001-47 314
Malaysia2 7542 3463 7671 5051 014-842
Singapore3 7632 84111 0198 4827 2565 640
South Korea25 56817 09416 23610 736-9 331-6 358
Taiwan4 1274 0642 3281 693-1 799-2 371
Thailand3 3383 4271 7512 360-1 587-1 067
Vietnam2 7513 2811 6862 634-1 065-646
Other countries in Asia7 4207 8199 69410 9732 2743 154
 
North and Central America55 23952 98348 75547 844-6 484-5 139
Canada12 54110 7615 5448 181-6 997-2 580
United States39 62639 02237 09931 292-2 527-7 730
Other countries in North- and Central America3 0723 2006 1128 3713 0405 171
 
South America15 22614 0759 0026 491-6 224-7 584
Brazil10 2149 0985 3664 127-4 848-4 972
Chile1 1891 1288441 132-3454
Peru1 8891 903327104-1 563-1 799
Other countries in South-America1 9341 9462 4651 128532-817
 
Africa9 3677 68313 43817 1424 0719 459
Angola2344312 3233 8942 0893 463
Botswana1 4461 14001-1 446-1 140
South Africa1 4941 8578211 479-673-377
Other countries in Africa6 1934 25510 29411 7684 1017 513
 
Oceania1 2081 1943 1552 7001 9461 506
Australia8056792 4851 5821 680904
New Zealand398400311343-87-57
Other countries in Oceania5115359775354660

Table 4 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201520162015201620152016
Total588 519590 128403 973386 998-184 546-203 130
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries121 521123 60568 97871 096-52 543-52 509
EFTA8 9959 1726 7477 063-2 248-2 110
EU371 749376 751246 346246 517-125 403-130 234
OECD445 047450 655316 302304 018-128 744-146 636
Developing countries113 072112 68963 47362 168-49 599-50 521
LDC - least developed countries3 3613 7884 1945 2818331 493
 
Continents and countries
Europe399 431403 153262 154263 707-137 276-139 446
Belgium10 28811 03512 11911 9641 831929
Denmark34 66433 95322 39222 213-12 272-11 740
Estonia4 6474 7651 3471 201-3 301-3 564
Finland13 79814 6647 1417 411-6 657-7 254
France20 20220 08214 83116 118-5 371-3 964
Greece5365691 101981565413
Ireland4 5294 4444 3943 952-135-492
Iceland1 8501 7913 5023 4391 6521 648
Italy18 41818 2756 9118 507-11 507-9 767
Lithuania6 0996 7203 0193 540-3 080-3 180
Netherlands22 37523 91238 62534 29316 25010 381
Poland18 14220 99114 75617 154-3 387-3 837
Portugal2 3842 6203 9254 3501 5411 730
Romania4 0622 8631 106761-2 957-2 102
Russia11 2619 6391 6642 100-9 597-7 539
Slovakia2 8123 183296324-2 517-2 859
Spain11 08912 6298 3509 670-2 739-2 959
United Kingdom38 67230 60632 45229 741-6 219-865
Switzerland7 0777 3133 2423 620-3 835-3 693
Sweden70 59372 59835 10037 337-35 494-35 261
Czech Republic6 4446 8621 4741 857-4 969-5 005
Turkey5 1135 3554 1944 102-920-1 254
Germany69 44672 89131 74129 985-37 705-42 905
Hungary2 5112 711897804-1 614-1 907
Austria4 2824 4562 0821 807-2 200-2 648
Other countries in Europe8 1378 2265 4936 476-2 644-1 750
 
Asia108 221111 44682 63168 762-25 589-42 684
Hong Kong9488061 9581 5471 010740
India3 2393 5101 6981 859-1 541-1 652
Japan13 21214 2699 92310 251-3 290-4 019
China61 89162 83923 65118 761-38 240-44 079
Malaysia2 7542 3463 3331 505579-842
Singapore3 4162 82611 0197 8607 6035 035
South Korea5 3386 25916 23610 34510 8984 085
Taiwan4 1274 0642 1481 658-1 979-2 406
Thailand3 3383 4271 7512 360-1 587-1 067
Vietnam2 7513 2811 6862 634-1 065-646
Other countries in Asia7 2077 8199 2289 9822 0212 163
 
North and Central America55 10352 68837 82131 829-17 282-20 860
Canada12 54110 7613 1493 536-9 392-7 225
United States39 62439 02232 21425 928-7 410-13 094
Other countries in North- and Central America2 9382 9052 4582 365-480-540
 
South America15 18914 0756 0465 639-9 143-8 436
Brazil10 2079 0984 5663 983-5 641-5 116
Chile1 1891 128527785-661-343
Peru1 8891 90370104-1 819-1 799
Other countries in South America1 9041 946883767-1 022-1 178
 
Africa9 3677 68312 60515 2503 2387 567
Angola2344312 3233 8942 0893 463
Botswana1 4461 14001-1 446-1 140
South Africa1 4941 857692653-802-1 204
Other countries in Africa6 1934 2559 590-2 6453 3976 448
 
Oceania1 2081 0842 7151 8121 507729
Australia8056792 3421 5821 537904
New Zealand398400311204-87-197
Other countries in Oceania5562265721

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2014201520162016
Total562 455615 485609 516100.0
 
Germany66 44869 44672 93712.0
Sweden68 85870 61772 62911.9
China53 35564 84567 06911.0
United States34 70139 62639 0226.4
Denmark34 26135 16234 0265.6
United Kingdom36 39339 43930 7565.0
Netherlands20 79222 39624 3074.0
Poland18 13118 67121 3823.5
France19 31120 20220 1203.3
Italy17 18018 42518 2793.0
South Korea9 70525 56817 0942.8
Finland13 04913 79814 6702.4
Japan12 70513 34114 2692.3
Spain9 97911 08913 8212.3
Belgium9 96210 28811 0351.8

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2014201520162016
Total909 036835 267751 399100.0
 
United Kingdom206 190167 986155 50220.7
Germany153 863148 501107 09514.3
Netherlands121 12091 80279 84210.6
France55 47552 42250 2526.7
Sweden51 45249 31348 2646.4
Belgium42 89340 66732 6964.4
United States32 98837 09931 2924.2
Denmark34 32432 81129 9444.0
China20 59023 84319 7552.6
Poland16 11016 15217 3992.3
Spain15 02012 76013 7031.8
Ireland8 13611 96311 6951.6
South Korea14 45416 23610 7361.4
Japan10 1299 92310 2511.4
Italy7 4567 4169 8471.3

Table 7 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2014201520162016
Total387 295403 973386 998100.0
 
Sweden36 26235 10037 3379.6
Netherlands40 69638 62534 2938.9
Germany28 95031 74129 9857.7
United Kingdom30 83332 45229 7417.7
United States27 89532 21425 9286.7
Denmark21 52222 39222 2135.7
China20 09023 65118 7614.8
Poland13 81614 75617 1544.4
France15 83414 83116 1184.2
Belgium12 69812 11911 9643.1
South Korea14 19916 23610 3452.7
Japan9 3989 92310 2512.6
Spain7 5128 3509 6702.5
Italy5 6606 9118 5072.2
Singapore10 41211 0197 8602.0

Table 8 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 2016
Totall562 455615 485609 516-1.0
 
0 Food and live animals38 32442 23843 1862.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031681721751.5
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4081 7471 725-1.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 0261 1221 2319.7
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof3 7864 2164 5046.8
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 1375 2785 231-0.9
05 Vegetables and fruit10 03511 33411 9485.4
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 4971 6241 7135.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 3883 9983 990-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 0656 2546 7487.9
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 8156 4945 920-8.8
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7 4008 0118 94211.6
11 Beverages5 2535 6195 9245.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 1472 3923 01826.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels32 38034 70331 691-8.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw202825-12.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 7361 8891 9081.0
23 Crude rubber169148124-15.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 9864 2314 5136.6
25 Pulp and waste paper4655555550.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste116112111-0.6
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 7483 3093 087-6.7
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap20 64321 72218 540-14.6
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 4982 7102 8284.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials31 37128 17623 156-17.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 7521 8721 668-10.9
33 Petroleum, petroleum products26 99023 80819 011-20.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 0369981 0111.3
35 Electric current1 5941 4981 466-2.1
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes5 1696 3097 12312.9
41 Animal oils and fats2 2973 2503 3302.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 6742 8523 59125.9
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed198207203-2.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.54 54860 03062 7584.5
51 Organic chemicals6 5377 4848 31211.1
52 Inorganic chemicals5 2375 7114 678-18.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 1833 3333 3370.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products13 44414 75816 0308.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6 4707 0657 2773.0
56 Fertilizers2 5532 9772 770-6.9
57 Plastics in primary forms4 3794 3994 5874.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4 7685 2555 6136.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.7 9779 04810 15412.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material85 64986 98885 878-1.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins549600566-5.6
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4 8945 0775 1521.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures6 5856 8187 3167.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 5807 5567 6110.7
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6 0966 9687 1492.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8 1949 0349 2292.2
67 Iron and steel16 15414 53613 770-5.3
68 Non-ferrous metals8 9287 2528 12212.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.26 67029 14726 962-7.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment221 331250 081245 289-1.9
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9 59811 3099 314-17.6
72 Machinery for special industries23 23725 89824 839-4.1
73 Metal working machinery1 7821 4581 454-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment32 31033 58931 970-4.8
75 Office machines, data processing machines16 78617 01016 782-1.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.21 02023 06024 3945.8
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus30 56231 44631 4830.1
78 Road vehicles56 02062 68469 25210.5
79 Other transport equipment including ships30 01643 62635 801-17.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles85 30197 927100 3832.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.7 5728 6649 4068.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof13 37614 89614 836-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 4571 6201 6431.5
84 Articles of apparel and accessories17 21319 38420 0213.3
85 Footwear4 3515 0415 4548.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 26516 97616 376-3.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2 6422 8822 9201.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s25 42628 46429 7264.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions9821 0221 1108.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4574824830.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10516236.6
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)51653561114.2

Table 9 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 2016
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total909 036835 267751 399-10.0
 
0 Food and live animals72 00377 49495 27422.9
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0357596511.1
01 Meat and meat preparations26220022412.3
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6977647771.7
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof67 07171 97389 18723.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations24628331711.8
05 Vegetables and fruit15918524532.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey768875-15.4
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices30331134611.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 7642 2582 4498.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3681 3721 58915.8
 
1 Beverages and tobacco62578799626.7
11 Beverages62278498125.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3216578.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 53815 88414 836-6.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw810830698-15.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits23422.9
23 Crude rubber37274357.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 6663 1903 119-2.2
25 Pulp and waste paper2 2662 4782 5864.4
26 Textile fibres and their waste2252512551.8
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 4243 9003 775-3.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5 7904 8864 001-18.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials31932035410.8
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials590 620482 396398 557-17.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes857559516-7.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products338 569243 201219 164-9.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured245 782234 538173 428-26.1
35 Electric current5 4114 0975 44833.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 6742 1212 2013.8
41 Animal oils and fats9311 1041 063-3.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated39144652818.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed3525716117.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.45 48851 69849 522-4.2
51 Organic chemicals12 21514 11813 749-2.6
52 Inorganic chemicals6 7577 9307 431-6.3
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3681 3851 57413.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8235 8025 8781.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 2641 3791 358-1.5
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8694 8865 0864.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 1021 4041 293-7.9
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.12 09114 79413 152-11.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material70 95077 25672 450-6.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5377815.3
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.772732664-9.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 1921 3851 4172.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 4794 7205 23210.8
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 3021 4121 56610.9
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 4551 5051 5060.1
67 Iron and steel12 87112 70312 074-5.0
68 Non-ferrous metals40 53643 40640 282-7.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.8 28911 3169 629-14.9
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment86 07398 70491 051-7.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8 70410 8057 020-35.0
72 Machinery for special industries15 69417 96412 847-28.5
73 Metal working machinery571660601-9.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment21 65124 93120 420-18.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 3372 5012 314-7.5
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 2445 8595 240-10.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 35414 87114 593-1.9
78 Road vehicles5 4956 5786 9675.9
79 Other transport equipment including ships12 02414 53321 04944.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles25 11127 90325 724-7.8
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 2741 3501 4336.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 6422 7912 8753.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.67789521.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7337277553.9
85 Footwear124138132-3.9
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 45715 92613 197-17.1
88 Photographic and optical goods25224727812.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 5616 6466 9594.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions9541 025786-23.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind1001 012.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender241916-15.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)9301 006771-23.4

Table 10 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2016
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total609 51643 1868 94231 69123 1567 12362 75885 878245 289100 3831 110
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)379 20127 0278 05113 43817 0623 55145 87463 525145 13154 4641 079
Nordic countries123 9089 7302 3436 74810 6262 11113 45924 91932 57120 431970
Developing countries118 33911 1963189 4161 0751 4984 17311 47944 64734 52116
Russia9 732925106593 1921 0377982 7242061810
India3 510516136013139863661 2910
China67 0691 188122597161 6607 28334 16622 4275
Japan14 2696547507182 43510 1159180
Singapore2 84120257001 8731025052830
South Korea17 09451112951138637415 9322915
United States39 0221 2592143441 7544925 6001 65421 0896 6125
Canada10 761312237 414604309071 2584082
Brazil9 0982 99215 5846079209184387
South Africa1 857459634480015343512150

Table 11 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2016
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total751 39995 27499614 836398 5572 20149 52272 45091 05125 724786
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)587 70563 68359412 052366 7621 38928 62056 27144 15914 040135
Nordic countries92 72815 7633483 97131 7695567 68113 57013 3105 72140
Developing countries68 04912 569401 8948 21026413 4667 64919 9873 9700
Russia2 268160180502005381 137147-
India2 160902701870507608382198-
Japan10 2514 64121591 424111 0838831 6094380
China19 7552 738281 137622406 9101 9485 1321 1990
Singapore8 482753213 08617392753 0765500
South Korea10 7362 311160309165061 0995 1751 258-
United States31 2925 36419220710 7834462 8713 5444 7463 1390
Canada8 18176914494 892121954431 4553530
Brazil4 12775025014441 0054351 424313-
South Africa1 479275108288583721657-

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 2016
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country387 295403 973386 998-4.2
 
County of production
Østfold12 89314 70716 33011.0
Akershus6 3556 4886 6352.3
Oslo6 9699 1328 580-6.0
Hedmark3 6794 1013 814-7.0
Oppland5 7706 2166 2280.2
Buskerud11 01114 44012 832-11.1
Vestfold23 71521 32014 944-29.9
Telemark15 46420 83718 554-11.0
Aust-Agder5 1354 4783 470-22.5
Vest-Agder28 91133 10527 772-16.1
Rogaland46 62134 60532 482-6.1
Hordaland56 50359 93156 433-5.8
Sogn og Fjordane12 29511 15213 37619.9
Møre og Romsdal35 94638 11939 1572.7
Sør-Trøndelag14 09316 80616 9450.8
Nord-Trøndelag5 2035 7916 98120.5
Nordland25 88023 41525 5289.0
Troms - Romsa5 9856 4377 79421.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku5 8295 7515 693-1.0
Svalbard854558515-7.7
Jan Mayen---.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties14 22111 67614 47424.0
Re-exports of goods produced abroad138 83947 20941 940-11.2
County not stated25 1247 6986 522-15.3

Table 13 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2016
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of SITC 03)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country386 99896 27189 18717 03746 35749 52272 45079 63725 724
 
County of production
Østfold16 3301 140762 301104 4624 1303 970317
Akershus6 6355413516352 4823282 286828
Oslo8 58060430533103 9393951 8321 266
Hedmark3 81412341 6281252765603442
Oppland6 228541137111111 4372 8281 650
Buskerud12 83258246419641 3277 5242 493
Vestfold14 94438827774 8151 2943 2201 9262 524
Telemark18 5541583856422613 5121 7711 852471
Aust-Agder3 47040702120::1 252234
Vest-Agder27 77219217334418 57715 4202 948289
Rogaland32 4824 6603 7761 74411 5829917 5134 6191 375
Hordaland56 43315 15014 8991 14123 2543996 7298 2571 502
Sogn og Fjordane13 3765 4585 41540010::1 16878
Møre og Romsdal39 15719 00218 3361 512212 9397 0306 2172 436
Sør-Trøndelag16 94511 57511 37129602 1687671 0351 103
Nord-Trøndelag6 9813 2593 2375580::752101
Nordland25 52813 60013 4197170:6 825:74
Troms - Romsa7 7947 0176 90697-::804
Finnmark - Finnmárku5 6934 8324 8214073789:30:
Svalbard515--0515----
Jan Mayen---------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties14 4746 1755 4272 1405 4539617536273
Re-exports of goods produced abroad141 940855267587502 8045 20725 5386 900
County not stated126 5221 024952314153147092 6161 529

Table 14 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonsChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 20162014201520162015 - 2016
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total50 48156 05558 1413.74 958 8384 761 3544 752 027-0.2
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031681721751.5761700699-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4081 7471 725-1.223 25931 72029 894-5.8
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 0261 1221 2319.725 02726 08128 2978.5
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof3 7864 2164 5046.8239 448220 691227 0642.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 1375 2785 231-0.9909 383735 121661 009-10.1
05 Vegetables and fruit10 03511 33411 9485.4812 117804 348860 1246.9
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 4971 6241 7135.5223 842228 366211 396-7.4
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 3883 9983 990-0.283 35287 15386 891-0.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 0656 2546 7487.9898 348832 437819 481-1.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 8156 4945 920-8.8473 708501 571447 900-10.7
11 Beverages5 2535 6195 9245.4236 355234 357249 7786.6
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 7361 8891 9081.0421 147452 510449 420-0.7
41 Animal oils and fats2 2973 2503 3302.4183 025188 998194 6363.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 6742 8523 59125.9411 138404 470473 45617.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed198207203-2.012 96912 83111 982-6.6

Table 15 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 2016
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total50 48156 05558 1413.7
EU31 03133 69135 8126.3
Developing countries13 18414 51614 046-3.2
Other countries6 2667 8498 2835.5
 
Food and live animals
Total38 32442 23843 1862.2
EU23 79125 93427 0274.2
Developing countries10 51911 22611 196-0.3
Other countries4 0145 0784 963-2.3
 
Beverages
Total5 2535 6195 9245.4
EU4 6274 8885 0773.9
Developing countries23126031019.2
Other countries39547253814.0
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total5 1696 3097 12312.9
EU2 4422 7313 55130.0
Developing countries1 1961 7401 498-13.9
Other countries1 5301 8382 075299.0
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total1 7361 8891 9081.0
EU17213815814.5
Developing countries1 2371 2901 043-19.1
Other countries3274614804.2

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 20162014201520162015 - 2016
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Total67 07171 97389 18723.92 514 2732 396 8812 232 904-6.8
 
Salmon243 73147 59761 32328.8996 8901 033 239978 980-5.3
Cod7 2337 9098 76210.8259 957205 555215 8475.0
Herring2 7252 3393 13233.9299 871214 774236 97410.3
Mackerel4 1293 8274 0656.2398 597352 307309 017-12.3
Coalfish1 8612 0211 803-10.871 49872 96272 590-0.5
Haddock1 4881 2511 44515.563 62655 45471 19328.4
Trout2 3482 3133 90068.650 78653 02968 44729.1
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut5767717811.314 81415 20013 879-8.7
Ling2343003113.76 1867 5748 2929.5
Cusk161183155-15.34 4834 2043 825-9.0
Redfish197281222-21.011 79715 86414 899-6.1
Other fish1 3891 6461 433-12.9298 399326 254194 458-40.4
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 0001 5341 85520.937 36940 46644 50310.0

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 20162014201520162015 - 2016
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Total67 07171 97389 18723.92 514 2732 396 8812 232 904-6.8
Europe47 71551 37563 02922.71 749 3211 696 3841 518 666-10.5
Asia12 21512 68917 66539.2511 063449 492489 6718.9
North and Central America3 4844 4345 72929.269 74782 41592 09911.8
South America1 1481 009843-16.552 41744 15243 802-0.8
Africa2 1322 1501 577-26.7126 985120 73785 266-29.4
Oceania3773173458.84 7403 7023 400-8.2
 
Selected species
Salmon in total143 73147 59761 32328.8996 8901 033 239978 980-5.3
Europe34 15636 46046 32727.1808 827825 839774 622-6.2
Asia6 7117 72010 67938.3144 509155 537153 112-1.6
North and Central America2 2372 8033 61128.832 49941 17241 9351.9
South America122017-15.0266326260-20.2
Africa31135341918.76 9797 4776 500-13.1
Oceania30524227011.63 8112 8872 551-11.6
 
Cod in total7 2337 9098 76210.8259 957205 555215 8475.0
Europe5 4196 5207 1509.7190 432168 616170 1660.9
Asia91861291349.250 31323 77434 11143.5
North and Central America16322028228.24 2123 8684 41514.1
South America540470358-23.812 2347 9746 265-21.4
Africa1878250-39.02 6451 234766-37.9
Oceania66950.01228912439.3
 
Herring in total2 7252 3393 13233.9299 871214 774236 97410.3
Europe2 5802 0602 83137.4281 539183 331210 69514.9
Asia10515317011.112 34015 93012 528-21.4
North and Central America9918100.07717521 20760.5
South America32350.037018620912.4
Africa27115111-3.54 81514 57612 335-15.4
Oceania10-.360-.
 
Mackerel in total4 1293 8274 0656.2398 597352 307309 017-12.3
Europe1 1091 3011 013-22.1106 428122 87478 371-36.2
Asia2 3781 9122 58835.4217 766168 348186 88011.0
North and Central America81648126.65 2774 5374 8917.8
South America100.97019.
Africa560551383-30.569 02856 54238 848-31.3
Oceania000.048100.0

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 20162014201520162015 - 2016
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total61 69667 42561 985-8.13 492 1693 325 7873 439 4443.4
Europe48 39750 77448 886-3.73 044 1153 044 1153 162 2043.9
Asia6 5729 3095 731-38.488 310110 33687 613-20.6
North and Central America4 8584 3763 785-13.5161 433135 111144 4156.9
South America39433944230.513 07315 12321 32941.0
Africa1 2981 9323 04257.418 20511 12722 597103.1
Oceania17771399-86.21 5839 9731 286-87.1
 
Iron and steel12 87112 70312 074-5.01 489 3761 417 6921 495 2475.5
Europe9 4769 6069 410-2.01 307 1501 270 5351 313 7963.4
Asia1 0651 094916-16.228 20724 78329 00217.0
North and Central America1 3151 1311 110-1.8127 53299 598116 49617.0
South America23015419828.711 91213 77418 71535.9
Africa70433641122.414 1125 82216 570184.6
Oceania8138429-92.54623 179669-79.0
 
Non-ferrous metals40 53643 40640 282-7.21 863 5221 761 0661 815 6753.1
Europe34 27035 76434 882-2.51 791 5271 664 4961 745 1154.8
Asia3 6045 1653 448-33.248 17868 28948 721-28.7
North and Central America2 5582 3881 809-24.322 01326 73119 627-26.6
South America4753127138.04636511 765171.1
Africa15209-54.9545484312-35.5
Oceania41168-51.1797414135-67.4
 
Manufactures of metals8 28911 3169 629-14.9139 271147 029128 522-12.6
Europe4 6515 4044 594-15.0110 888109 084103 293-5.3
Asia1 9033 0511 367-55.211 92517 2649 890-42.7
North and Central America9868578661.111 8888 7828 292-5.6
South America116132118-10.669869884921.6
Africa5781 5592 62268.23 5484 8215 71518.5
Oceania5531462-80.23246 380482-92.4

Table 19 
Exports of crude oil, by country

Exports of crude oil, by country
NOK MillionChange in per cent1000 BarrelsChange in per cent
2014201520162015 - 20162014201520162015 - 2016
1The export of crude oil in pipes to the UK is lower in reality, since some of it is exported onwards to other countries after reprocessing, please see table 22.
Total282 663197 116187 595-4.8462 860476 053514 9368.2
 
United Kingdom1118 57178 19576 499-2.2198 219192 652213 91611.0
Netherlands76 43950 37343 367-13.9123 689121 812119 194-2.1
Germany31 61319 39614 372-25.951 00845 55339 013-14.4
Sweden14 34413 40010 404-22.423 23031 35127 828-11.2
United States4 0194 0635 14126.56 1698 93913 04445.9
France7 6753 77310 313173.311 7689 10727 126197.9
Ireland5 1457 5667 7432.38 27417 72820 23714.2
Denmark8 4277 5265 319-29.313 38618 31914 598-20.3
Canada1 6002 2193 96278.52 5495 45510 964101.0
Poland2 2941 396246-82.43 7723 195660-79.3
Other countries12 5379 20810 22911.120 79621 94328 35629.2

Table 20 
Exports of natural gas in gaseous state, by country

Exports of natural gas in gaseous state, by country
Million NOKChange in per centMillion standard cubiq metres (SM3)Change in per cent
2014201520162015 - 20162014201520162015 - 2016
Total209 435210 034153 108-27.1102 372109 611109 7180.1
 
Germany90 92092 34862 142-32.744 99248 31344 943-7.0
United Kingdom56 25356 75547 120-17.026 78329 51333 30812.9
France31 62232 89223 146-29.615 50117 15416 601-3.2
Netherlands00-.00-.
Belgium29 70727 02420 085-25.714 65314 10014 4152.2
Other countries9321 015616-39.4443532450-15.3

Table 21 
Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state1
Crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state in totalCrude oilNatural gas in gaseous state
NOK Million1000 TonnesNOK Million1000 Barrels1000 TonnesNOK MillionMillion standard cibic metres (SM3)1000 Tonnes
1Norway first exports of crude oil was in 1971, while exports of natural gas started in 1977.
2002257 330185 811197 9211 010 417135 54359 40964 40050 269
2003257 937181 214195 699949 980127 00862 23871 09954 206
2004311 485181 397237 468926 602124 38374 01776 27257 013
2005392 592173 173289 453831 028111 821103 13982 50661 352
2006456 129163 358309 252742 458100 035146 87784 58263 323
2007444 181161 147309 675726 12697 281134 50685 68463 866
2008569 310159 400359 369666 48389 085209 94194 56370 315
2009404 665158 178243 521642 30885 909161 14496 56372 269
2010436 547150 576281 985578 12077 465154 56297 39473 111
2011514 393140 830321 248511 82868 362193 14596 50072 467
2012548 643145 137306 825471 48562 808241 818109 48082 329
2013528 167138 478288 126448 44859 844240 041103 87578 634
2014492 098140 187282 663462 86061 770209 435102 37278 417
2015407 150144 635197 116476 05363 380210 034109 61181 255
2016340 703152 072187 595514 93668 521153 108109 71883 551

Table 22 
Exports of crude oil, modified country distribution after fractionation in Great Britain

Exports of crude oil, modified country distribution after fractionation in Great Britain
20162016
Råolje (by ships and pipelines)Råolje (by ships)1
NOK million1000 BarrelsNOK million1000 Barrels
1All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside and Sullom Voe are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. After this unstabilised crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilised crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappeares, thereby different total figures.
Total187 595514 936186 841507 078
 
United Kingdom76 499213 91660 741165 719
Netherlands43 367119 19447 565130 316
Sweden10 40427 82811 47530 848
France10 31327 12613 16935 337
Germany14 37239 01316 18243 571
Canada3 96210 9645 80615 535
Poland246660246660
Denmark5 31914 5985 13414 093
Ireland7 74320 2377 74320 237
Italy1 2573 1592 6666 836
United States5 14113 0445 47313 881
Finland2 5486 9302 7237 559
Spain2 8718 2093 0528 838
Martinique1 0622 9711 0622 971
Portugal4079885541 471
Belgium6482 1576482 157
Uruguay--3511 001

Table 23 
Revisions on final figures on export of goods in 2015. Commodity group by SITC. NOK Million

Revisions on final figures on export of goods in 2015. Commodity group by SITC. NOK Million
 Final figuresPreliminary firguresChangeChange in per cent
1Due to confidentiality commodity group 56 is included in commodity group 59.
Published15. May 201719. May 201619.May 2017-15.May201619.May 2017-15.May2016
Year2 0152 0152 0152 015
     
Total export, SITC 0-9835 267836 166-899-0.1
Of which    
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)197 116197 11600.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)220 676220 67600.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)4 5655 157-592-11.5
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)8 9378 93700.0
Mainland exports403 973404 280-307-0.1
     
0 Food and live animals77 49477 523-290.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03595900.0
01 Meat and meat preparations200203-3-1.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs76476400.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof71 97372 001-280.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations28328300.0
05 Vegetables and fruit18518500.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey888800.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices31131100.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2582 259-10.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3721 37110.1
     
1 Beverages and tobacco78778700.0
11 Beverages784785-1-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2200.0
     
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 88415 885-10.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw83083000.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits3300.0
23 Crude rubber272700.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1903 19000.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2 4782 47800.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste25125100.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 9003 90000.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8864 88600.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials32032000.0
     
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials482 396482 900-504-0.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes55955900.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products243 201243 736-535-0.2
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude40 93540 877580.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured234 538234 508300.0
Liquefied propane and butane11 98211 946360.3
35 Electric current4 0974 09700.0
     
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1212 128-7-0.3
41 Animal oils and fats1 1041 108-4-0.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated44644600.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed571573-2-0.3
     
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.51 69851 713-150.0
51 Organic chemicals14 11814 119-10.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 9307 931-10.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3851 38500.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8025 80200.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3791 380-1-0.1
56 Fertilizers18 7048 70400.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8864 895-9-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 4041 40400.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 0906 094-4-0.1
     
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material77 25677 573-317-0.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins777700.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.732737-5-0.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 3851 38500.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 7204 72000.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4121 422-10-0.7
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5051 50050.3
67 Iron and steel12 70312 730-27-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals43 40643 40600.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.11 31611 595-279-2.4
     
7 Machinery and transport equipment98 70498 659450.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 80510 816-11-0.1
72 Machinery for special industries17 96417 7941701.0
73 Metal working machinery66066000.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment24 93124 917140.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5012 50010.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 8595 85900.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 87114 990-119-0.8
78 Road vehicles6 5786 586-8-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships14 53314 537-40.0
     
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles27 90327 974-71-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 3501 352-2-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7912 796-5-0.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.787622.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories72772250.7
85 Footwear13813800.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 92615 986-60-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods247248-1-0.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 6466 656-10-0.2
     
9 Commodities and transactions1 0251 02500.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---0.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0000,0'
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender191900.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1 0061 00600.0

Table 24 
Revisions on preliminary figures on import of goods in 2016. Commodity group by SITC. NOK million

Revisions on preliminary figures on import of goods in 2016. Commodity group by SITC. NOK million
 Revised final figuresFinal figuresChangeChange in per cent
Published15.May 201716. January 201716.January 2017- 15.May 201716.January 2017- 15.May 2017
Year2 0162 0162 0162 016
     
Total import, SITC 0-9609 516606 6972 8190.5
Of which    
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)19 38816 3992 98918.2
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms590 128590 298-1700.0
     
0 Food and live animals43 18643 17790.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0317517500.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7251 72500.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2311 23100.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 5044 50400.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2315 23100.0
05 Vegetables and fruit11 94811 952-40.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 7131 703100.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9903 994-4-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 7486 74710.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9205 91550.1
     
1 Beverages and tobacco8 9428 94200.0
11 Beverages5 9245 92400.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 0183 01800.0
     
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels31 69131 668230.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw252500.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9081 90440.2
23 Crude rubber12412400.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 5134 51300.0
25 Pulp and waste paper55555500.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste11111100.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 0873 08250.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap18 54018 53550.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 8282 82080.3
     
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials23 15623 0251310.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 6681 66800.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products19 01118 8801310.7
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude15 10415 087170.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 0111 01100.0
Liquefied propane and butane86886800.0
35 Electric current1 4661 46600.0
     
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1237 12030.0
41 Animal oils and fats3 3303 32640.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 5913 59100.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed20320210.5
     
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.62 75862 788-300.0
51 Organic chemicals8 3128 315-30.0
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6784 67800.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3373 33700.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products16 03016 038-80.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 2777 278-10.0
56 Fertilizers2 7702 77000.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4 5874 599-12-0.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 6135 61300.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.10 15410 160-6-0.1
     
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material85 87885 859190.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins566567-1-0.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 1525 153-10.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 3167 31600.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 6117 615-4-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 1497 14810.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 2299 22810.0
67 Iron and steel13 77013 800-30-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals8 1228 109130.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.26 96226 923390.1
     
7 Machinery and transport equipment245 289242 5782 7111.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9 3149 315-10.0
72 Machinery for special industries24 83924 83270.0
73 Metal working machinery1 4541 45400.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment31 97031 909610.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines16 78216 78200.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.24 39424 39400.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 48331 486-30.0
78 Road vehicles69 25269 258-60.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships35 80133 1472 6548.0
     
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles100 383100 431-480.0
81 Prefabricated buildings.9 4069 407-10.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 83614 83510.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6431 644-1-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 02120 023-20.0
85 Footwear5 4545 45310.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 37616 406-30-0.2
88 Photographic and optical goods2 9202 921-10.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s29 72629 741-15-0.1
     
9 Commodities and transactions1 1101 11000.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind----
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind48348300.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender161600.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)61161100.0

Table 25 
Revisions on preliminary figures on export in 2016. Commodity group by SITC. NOK Million

Revisions on preliminary figures on export in 2016. Commodity group by SITC. NOK Million
 Revised final figuresFinal figuresChangeChange in per cent
1Due to confidentiality commodity group 56 is included in commodity group 59.
Published15.May 201716. January 201716.January 2017- 15.May 201716.January 2017- 15.May 2017
Year2 0162 0162 0162 016
     
Total export, SITC 0-9751 399747 1354 2640.6
Of which    
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)187 595185 7711 8241.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)160 787160 2225650.4
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)3 8173 822-5-0.1
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)12 20110 3401 86118.0
Mainland exports386 998386 980180.0
     
0 Food and live animals95 27495 334-60-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.036566-1-1.5
01 Meat and meat preparations22422400.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs77777700.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof89 18789 222-350.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations31731431.0
05 Vegetables and fruit245246-1-0.4
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey757500.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices34634600.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 4492 458-9-0.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 5891 607-18-1.1
     
1 Beverages and tobacco996999-3-0.3
11 Beverages981983-2-0.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures161600.0
     
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels14 83614 822140.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw69869800.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits4400.0
23 Crude rubber434300.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1193 104150.5
25 Pulp and waste paper2 5862 58600.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste25525500.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 7753 777-2-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 0014 00100.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials35435400.0
     
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials398 557396 1512 4060.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes51651600.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products219 164217 3561 8080.8
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude27 18527 194-90.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured173 428172 8315970.3
Liquefied propane and butane10 29110 28380.1
35 Electric current5 4485 44800.0
     
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 2012 20100.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 0631 120-57-5.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated52852800.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed6115535810.5
     
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.49 52249 445770.2
51 Organic chemicals13 74913 74720.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 4317 43100.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 5741 57400.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8785 87800.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3581 359-1-0.1
56 Fertilizers16 6116 4981131.7
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0865 089-3-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 2931 327-34-2.6
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 5416 54100.0
     
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material72 45072 45000.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins818100.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.664666-2-0.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 4171 418-1-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof5 2325 23200.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5661 56510.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5061 50600.0
67 Iron and steel12 07412 07310.0
68 Non-ferrous metals40 28240 286-40.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.9 6299 62180.1
     
7 Machinery and transport equipment91 05189 1871 8642.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 0207 023-30.0
72 Machinery for special industries12 84712 6971501.2
73 Metal working machinery60160100.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment20 42020 605-185-0.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 3142 315-10.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 2405 242-20.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 59314 597-40.0
78 Road vehicles6 9676 979-12-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships21 04919 1281 92110.0
     
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles25 72425 760-36-0.1
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 4331 463-30-2.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 8752 877-2-0.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.959500.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories75575500.0
85 Footwear132133-1-0.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 19713 19610.0
88 Photographic and optical goods278279-1-0.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 9596 963-4-0.1
   0 
9 Commodities and transactions78678600.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind--- 
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0000.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender161600.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)77177100.0

Table 26 
Revisions on final figures on import of goods in 2015. Commodity group by SITC. NOK Million

Revisions on final figures on import of goods in 2015. Commodity group by SITC. NOK Million
 Revised final figuresFinal figuresChangeChange in per cent
Published15. May 201719. May 201619.May 2017-15.May201619.May 2017-15.May2016
Year2 0152 0152 0152 015
Total import, SITC 0-9615 485615 797-312-0.1
Of which    
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)26 96626 96240.0
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms588 519588 835-316-0.1
     
     
0 Food and live animals42 23842 23440.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0317217200.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7471 74700.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 1221 123-1-0.1
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 2164 217-10.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2785 27710.0
05 Vegetables and fruit11 33411 33130.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6241 62400.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9984 000-2-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 2546 25400.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 4946 48950.1
     
1 Beverages and tobacco8 0118 012-10.0
11 Beverages5 6195 620-10.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 3922 39200.0
     
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels34 70334 69940.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw282800.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8891 88630.2
23 Crude rubber14814800.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 2314 232-10.0
25 Pulp and waste paper55555500.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste11211200.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 3093 310-10.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap21 72221 72020.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 7102 70910.0
     
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials28 17628 185-90.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 8721 87110.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 80823 818-100.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude17 47017 480-10-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured99899800.0
Liquefied propane and butane82182100.0
35 Electric current1 4981 49800.0
     
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6 3096 30810.0
41 Animal oils and fats3 2503 24910.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 8522 85200.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed20720610.5
     
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.60 03059 994360.1
51 Organic chemicals7 4847 448360.5
52 Inorganic chemicals5 7115 71100.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3333 33300.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products14 75814 761-30.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 0657 06320.0
56 Fertilizers2 9772 97700.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4 3994 400-10.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 2555 25140.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9 0489 050-20.0
     
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material86 98887 053-65-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins60060000.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 0775 078-10.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures6 8186 819-10.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 5567 55600.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6 9686 969-10.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 0349 036-20.0
67 Iron and steel14 53614 548-12-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals7 2527 282-30-0.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.29 14729 164-17-0.1
     
7 Machinery and transport equipment250 081250 335-254-0.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment11 30911 313-40.0
72 Machinery for special industries25 89825 89260.0
73 Metal working machinery1 4581 45800.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment33 58933 598-90.0
75 Office machines, data processing machines17 01017 019-9-0.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.23 06023 065-50.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 44631 455-90.0
78 Road vehicles62 68462 701-170.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships43 62643 833-207-0.5
     
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles97 92797 955-280.0
81 Prefabricated buildings.8 6648 666-20.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 89614 899-30.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6201 62000.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories19 38419 388-40.0
85 Footwear5 0415 044-3-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 97616 979-30.0
88 Photographic and optical goods2 8822 88200.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s28 46428 477-130.0
     
9 Commodities and transactions1 0221 02200.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind--  
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind48248200.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender5500.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)53553500.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact

Error occured rendering window "Statistikkside - faktaside inngang" (key 209) while handling request to site path: /0/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh?id=2805