288596
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
288596
statistikk
2017-08-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

NOK 32.2

billion was the mainland exports in July 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
July 2017June 2017 - July 2017July 2016 - July 2017July 2017July 2016 - July 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports60 650-8.42.3481 37514.0
Crude oil14 792-9.6-14.7127 22130.3
Natural gas13 16811.222.7104 60911.1
Natural gas condensates49292.718.72 99222.6
Ships and oil platforms2--100.0-100.07 690111.6
Mainland exports32 199-13.46.8238 8636.4
Fish6 518-12.42.951 8048.4
 
Imports46 334-30.81.0374 4349.0
Ships and oil platforms2--100.0-100.07 97913.8
 
The trade balance14 317-1 966.67.0106 94135.5
The mainland trade balance-14 13550.85.3-127 592-14.0

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201544 60943 71744 445892-
August 201547 09346 28549 408808-
September 201553 28852 92349 622365-
October 201553 64953 20949 403440-
November 201554 21252 69951 3941 512-
December 201550 99750 87750 534121-
January 201643 65743 41648 958241-
February 201649 54249 15750 111385-
March 201650 53248 81449 3021 718-
April 201650 35049 68447 936666-
May 201649 66449 27949 114385-
June 201653 79551 00048 2812 796-
July 201645 89745 07449 530823-
August 201652 87350 93849 7401 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 6503 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 4761 599-
November 201656 94651 98348 0444 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 639835-
January 201751 41048 08451 2893 326-
February 201748 83147 20250 3011 628-
March 201757 15655 87450 3941 282-
April 201743 91443 89250 33722-
May 201759 83859 13856 875699-
June 201766 95365 93161 9461 021-
July 201746 33446 33450 993--

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201569 71968 75671 21233 66134 386964-
August 201567 65663 88467 55329 45532 6494473 326
September 201568 33668 33470 48635 61733 6243-
October 201573 82373 64868 86635 76834 070175-
November 201567 22966 89263 50233 51233 331338-
December 201566 84165 93663 15734 42034 377905-
January 201660 66560 17959 69630 81532 063486-
February 201660 39460 26359 80532 28232 965130-
March 201661 91261 84957 70533 01731 97263-
April 201661 51760 87763 10032 86131 844640-
May 201658 22558 10460 25930 56031 302121-
June 201660 35958 80160 92134 77032 9211 558-
July 201659 27458 63760 88430 14932 286637-
August 201660 00359 20962 65031 36332 482795-
September 201657 47957 25558 87234 92633 038224-
October 201668 88065 70261 41330 84830 8723 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 47433 20331 4171 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 40432 20632 8892 704-
January 201774 81471 09870 86131 86532 8333 716-
February 201769 76867 68669 83131 81633 5132 082-
March 201777 10475 89470 65538 76434 3561 210-
April 201766 10666 08368 49431 98335 20023-
May 201766 74766 63469 08635 05834 991113-
June 201766 18565 64067 68337 17834 665545-
July 201760 65060 65063 21632 19935 348--

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201525 11125 039-10 056
August 201520 56317 599-16 831
September 201515 04915 411-17 306
October 201520 17420 439-17 441
November 201513 01814 192-19 187
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201723 40523 014-16 219
February 201720 93820 484-15 387
March 201719 94820 020-17 110
April 201722 19222 191-11 909
May 20176 9097 495-24 080
June 2017-767-291-28 753
July 201714 31714 317-14 135

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201535 09536 53916 77515 73618 17420 608146
August 201534 42936 73116 32115 01917 72222 990386
September 201532 71736 79214 72716 34917 74223 342247
October 201537 88034 96418 09016 43019 33517 738455
November 201533 37931 30113 86514 01819 03516 087480
December 201531 51628 96311 91212 22319 49115 822113
January 201629 36426 95212 13512 38216 66214 372567
February 201627 98227 77512 24313 19215 65914 31580
March 201628 83226 82912 18712 61316 25613 404389
April 201628 01628 43614 75114 13812 95513 776310
May 201627 54429 09415 56315 15811 85913 471123
June 201624 03127 52213 44914 21110 02512 762557
July 201628 48929 94817 34416 42510 73012 139415
August 201627 84629 78518 10716 6789 59612 426144
September 201622 32924 81514 14715 5577 87310 283309
October 201634 85431 95618 20316 46116 22014 857432
November 201635 59733 40418 74319 02416 48413 865371
December 201637 31534 40020 72421 35516 47013 372121
January 201739 23336 14121 88222 30816 91614 668434
February 201735 87035 63218 60020 26916 68015 176590
March 201737 13034 68518 21619 03918 42015 218493
April 201734 10034 40619 22718 29314 44715 355426
May 201731 57633 24518 14017 50413 13614 977300
June 201728 46232 66516 36317 19211 84315 165256
July 201728 45230 16314 79214 15013 16814 854492

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
July 2016July 2017July 2016 - July 2017So far this yearJuly 2016 - July 2017
July 2016July 2017
Total45 89746 3341.0343 439374 4349.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)823--100.07 0147 97913.8
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms45 07446 3342.8336 424366 4558.9
 
0 Food and live animals3 0643 2736.824 85124 379-1.9
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03131950.29914748.7
01 Meat and meat preparations10512519.31 046918-12.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs941017.8755730-3.3
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof22826616.72 5762 467-4.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations388379-2.22 9742 900-2.5
05 Vegetables and fruit7638278.57 4877 397-1.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey10112625.2925892-3.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2592808.12 1672 2162.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)57564812.63 5523 6482.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products539501-7.13 2713 063-6.3
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8078738.25 0925 2943.9
11 Beverages5525957.83 4883 4990.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2552789.01 6041 79511.9
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 1792 60119.417 65321 57822.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw11-35.31510-31.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits152137-9.81 0931 29518.5
23 Crude rubber15154.381866.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork3703782.32 7142 7983.1
25 Pulp and waste paper324335.0333313-6.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste4998.064674.8
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales16621127.21 8271 719-5.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 3021 64526.49 83613 51437.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials13716218.11 6901 7765.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 3692 255-4.811 64818 05155.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes14016619.09801 21924.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 1142 015-4.79 33015 40465.1
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude1 433979-31.66 86110 04446.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured6647-27.9588376-35.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane4441-8.6536297-44.6
35 Electric current4926-46.87501 05240.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes674590-12.43 6373 7031.8
41 Animal oils and fats374231-38.41 7361 446-16.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated27634123.41 8002 14819.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2419-21.01011087.9
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 7475 1258.036 26139 4308.7
51 Organic chemicals813520-36.04 7985 1116.5
52 Inorganic chemicals3513684.82 8272 9705.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials27031316.01 9732 0011.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 1611 35016.39 08910 51815.7
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc5576048.54 1384 1650.7
56 Fertilizers201177-11.71 7331 474-14.9
57 Plastics in primary forms3053153.12 6932 7592.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms38242110.33 3673 3740.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.7061 05549.45 6437 05725.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 0896 6659.549 92460 95522.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins28309.2325316-2.7
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.412409-0.82 8912 839-1.8
63 Cork and wood manufactures47452610.84 1254 3786.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof5185506.34 3624 230-3.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5726249.14 2734 4674.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.61667810.15 2135 2721.1
67 Iron and steel1 0021 11811.58 1367 924-2.6
68 Non-ferrous metals60266210.14 9465 4269.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.1 8662 06910.915 65226 10366.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment18 60617 290-7.1136 864145 0836.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment66188834.45 7168 14042.4
72 Machinery for special industries2 0681 865-9.815 41314 580-5.4
73 Metal working machinery8715578.477890816.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 4932 226-10.719 47317 631-9.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3301 4317.69 2259 2230.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.1 9411 935-0.312 67113 95910.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 3052 4687.117 74918 3223.2
78 Road vehicles4 9625 3838.539 06643 19610.6
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons2 9623 41915.423 30526 42913.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 760938-66.016 77419 12314.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 2517 5614.356 87055 276-2.8
81 Prefabricated buildings.60166711.15 1264 864-5.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 0291 13510.38 6659 0294.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.14015611.99359814.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 6261 6592.110 77310 9201.4
85 Footwear510489-4.03 1953 175-0.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 2121 2341.89 6109 413-2.1
88 Photographic and optical goods2352579.01 6631 7203.5
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s1 8981 9633.416 90415 173-10.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions112101-9.66376847.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind6759-11.4286244-14.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1247.0107-26.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)4440-8.534143326.7

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
July 2016July 2017July 2016 - July 2017So far this yearJuly 2016 - July 2017
July 2016July 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total59 27460 6502.3422 346481 37514.0
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)17 34414 792-14.797 672127 22130.3
Natural gas (SITC 343)10 73013 16822.794 145104 60911.1
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)41549218.62 4412 99222.6
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)637--100.03 6357 690111.6
Mainland exports30 14932 1996.8224 453238 8636.4
 
0 Food and live animals6 9356 9710.551 31955 3007.8
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03162-89.74219-54.3
01 Meat and meat preparations142372.711714120.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6547-26.94344432.1
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof6 3366 5182.947 78651 8048.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations202834.417720918.2
05 Vegetables and fruit121420.715790-42.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey93-71.95524-56.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices192211.018721715.8
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)303191-37.11 3921 4091.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products140125-11.0971943-2.9
 
1 Beverages and tobacco738517.4560497-11.2
11 Beverages718418.3550491-10.8
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures22-14.9106-38.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 1231 1885.78 6349 3097.8
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw91014.9392373-4.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits003 862.513210.9
23 Crude rubber25158.6283110.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork2022219.61 8741 863-0.6
25 Pulp and waste paper21224314.91 4871 70114.4
26 Textile fibres and their waste2019-7.3148146-1.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales28539237.72 2322 117-5.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap371267-28.02 2782 84224.8
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials232929.219623218.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials33 10133 050-0.2222 737272 61322.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1020-99.91251-99.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products20 79318 407-11.5117 772154 22731.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude2 9793 0783.317 27523 68737.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured11 72114 11920.5101 667115 36313.5
342 Liquefied propane and butane7648035.26 3139 16745.2
35 Electric current4855237.93 1733 022-4.8
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes14516513.61 2411 221-1.7
41 Animal oils and fats6753-21.1581571-1.8
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated375548.0302300-0.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed415739.3358350-2.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.3 5044 13618.029 39230 7984.8
51 Organic chemicals9701 17821.48 2248 9619.0
52 Inorganic chemicals50860218.54 4934 6242.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials12315324.69741 0709.8
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products4614794.03 4343 346-2.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc9711012.87637923.8
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms34841519.12 9503 2108.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms8415382.569394336.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9131 04714.77 8627 852-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material5 6005 8203.942 32446 82310.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins2213.34740-14.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.425737.736546828.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures839919.98278836.8
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof426402-5.73 0872 941-4.7
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles10797-9.2938904-3.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.921008.285897313.4
67 Iron and steel8361 16439.37 1138 80123.7
68 Non-ferrous metals3 3643 3730.323 47026 94414.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.650526-19.15 6194 868-13.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment6 9787 5948.850 27650 4450.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6322 034221.84 1735 28626.7
72 Machinery for special industries929841-9.58 1465 912-27.4
73 Metal working machinery295692.335241417.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 868955-48.912 6339 220-27.0
75 Office machines, data processing machines16019924.51 3351 3853.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.33746036.42 9473 55120.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus8742 084138.47 9427 934-0.1
78 Road vehicles47352811.64 1604 2903.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 675438-73.98 58712 45245.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 7291 554-10.115 40213 897-9.8
81 Prefabricated buildings.11485-25.98128626.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof1101133.41 6781 558-7.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.660.35956-3.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories415430.438143714.7
85 Footwear81017.965718.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments905749-17.38 2286 033-26.7
88 Photographic and optical goods2422-11.1151137-9.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s520515-0.84 0284 74217.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions86871.94614722.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.002 600.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-70.2101-88.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)85872.84504714.5

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
July 2016July 2017July 2016July 2017
Total343 439374 4349.0422 346481 37514.0
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries70 36475 9127.953 65265 22221.6
EFTA5 3296 02113.04 1044 2002.3
EU217 290231 3876.5331 223386 01316.5
OECD261 851291 63511.4368 175428 83316.5
Developing countries65 92466 7181.238 72736 550-5.6
LDC - least developed countries2 3222 012-13.43 4242 190-36.0
 
Continents and countries
Europe233 101248 8016.7339 561397 64817.1
Belgium5 9605 825-2.319 82321 6779.4
Denmark18 77221 40314.017 21522 76132.2
Estonia2 6923 04413.165988534.3
Finland8 3028 4041.25 8446 85517.3
France12 28211 837-3.628 22027 376-3.0
Greece367358-2.56666842.7
Ireland2 4843 41037.36 1055 669-7.1
Iceland1 0211 67464.02 0932 58723.6
Italy11 07413 00617.45 4096 30816.6
Lithuania3 6954 26215.32 9243 90033.4
Netherlands13 29414 87411.943 86349 62713.1
Poland12 24313 0036.29 51810 55910.9
Portugal1 4361 434-0.13 1512 940-6.7
Romania1 6591 418-14.5468406-13.2
Russia5 6696 62116.88541 27849.6
Slovakia1 6401 7949.417821118.5
Spain8 5087 869-7.57 97010 62633.3
United Kingdom17 95019 4958.683 093109 81632.2
Switzerland4 2694 3121.02 0081 601-20.3
Sweden41 70744 0095.527 93932 35015.8
Czech Republic3 8704 0755.31 0801 1688.1
Turkey3 4243 5202.82 2383 95176.5
Germany41 71743 9105.363 58868 8368.3
Hungary1 5691 5690.046955819.0
Austria2 6483 15919.31 0781 1214.0
Other countires in Europe4 8494 516-6.93 1083 89825.4
 
Asia67 31577 89315.742 05439 961-5.0
Hong Kong43351919.91 050842-19.8
India1 9822 22612.31 3561 3993.2
Japan8 5178 279-2.85 5335 106-7.7
China36 40635 135-3.511 8979 840-17.3
Malaysia1 3991 59914.39131 57672.6
Singapore1 9481 311-32.75 4125 007-7.5
South Korea5 90816 636181.65 9564 544-23.7
Taiwan2 4562 5092.29671 09513.2
Thailand1 8452 10614.11 1991 52226.9
Vietnam1 9602 69937.71 4571 93532.8
Other countires in Asia4 4614 8749.36 3147 09512.4
 
North and Central America29 50334 12815.726 06331 84322.2
Canada5 5727 71338.44 3547 09462.9
United States21 86524 25910.918 24322 08621.1
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 0662 1564.43 4662 663-62.5
 
South America8 0818 1210.53 6093 262-9.6
Brazil5 2105 4775.12 2942 3472.3
Chile740602-18.6713359-49.6
Peru1 027766-25.46154-11.5
Other countries in South-America1 1041 27615.6541502-7.2
 
Africa4 8504 837-0.39 2907 638-17.8
Angola39920-95.02 748929-66.2
Botswana81282-89.90-.
South Africa9961 27728.23313557.3
Other countires in Africa2 6433 45830.86 2116 3542.3
 
Oceania58865511.41 7691 022-42.2
Australia34543124.9953858-10.0
New Zealand239221-7.510313127.2
Other countires in Oceania43-25.071333-95.4

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
July 2016July 2017July 2016July 2017
Total336 424366 4558.9224 453238 8636.4
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries70 15275 2297.241 04245 94311.9
EFTA5 2955 3420.94 0164 1473.3
EU216 016228 4885.8143 276155 5248.5
OECD257 936284 15110.2177 088190 5447.6
Developing countries62 96866 0414.935 12834 901-0.6
LDC - least developed countries2 3222 012-13.43 3942 064-39.2
 
Continents and countries
Europe231 519245 0285.8152 262166 0099.0
Belgium5 9605 825-2.37 0428 14015.6
Denmark18 76321 40114.112 89813 9948.5
Estonia2 6923 04413.165988534.3
Finland8 3028 4041.24 4004 352-1.1
France12 24911 837-3.49 6217 863-18.3
Greece367358-2.55776349.9
Ireland2 4813 41037.42 2801 981-13.1
Iceland9879960.92 0052 53426.4
Italy11 07010 691-3.44 7315 0917.6
Lithuania3 6954 26215.31 8872 39927.1
Netherlands12 89814 87415.320 30923 05513.5
Poland12 23712 9856.19 5189 7492.4
Portugal1 4361 434-0.12 7442 9407.1
Romania1 6591 418-14.5468406-13.2
Russia5 6696 62116.88541 27649.4
Slovakia1 6401 7949.417821118.5
Spain7 7847 8520.95 7895 8531.1
United Kingdom17 92119 3768.117 64121 68322.9
Switzerland4 2694 3121.02 0081 601-20.3
Sweden41 68244 0065.621 31724 62815.5
Czech Republic3 8704 0755.31 0801 1688.1
Turkey3 2243 3243.12 2023 00136.3
Germany41 70643 4874.317 48617 6320.8
Hungary1 5691 5690.046955819.0
Austria2 6483 15919.31 0781 1214.0
Other countries in Europe4 7414 514-4.83 0213 2547.7
 
Asia62 17773 74318.640 26339 504-1.9
Hong Kong43351919.9917842-8.2
India1 9822 22612.31 0541 27320.8
Japan8 5177 779-8.75 5335 106-7.7
China33 72535 1354.211 3739 765-14.1
Malaysia1 3991 59914.39131 57672.6
Singapore1 9331 298-32.95 3215 007-5.9
South Korea3 46813 423287.15 9564 544-23.7
Taiwan2 4562 5092.29671 09513.2
Thailand1 8452 10614.11 1991 39716.5
Vietnam1 9602 27416.01 4571 93532.8
Other countries in Asia4 4594 8759.35 5736 96425.0
 
North and Central America29 20934 09316.719 21121 79513.5
Canada5 5727 71338.42 0642 58725.3
United States21 86524 25910.915 62217 79513.9
Other countries in North and Central America1 7722 12119.71 5251 413-7.3
 
South America8 0818 1210.53 1443 2623.8
Brazil5 2105 4775.12 1502 3479.2
Chile740602-18.6470359-23.6
Peru1 027766-25.46154-11.5
Other countries in South America1 1041 27615.64635028.4
 
Africa4 8504 817-0.78 5007 292-14.2
Angola39920-95.02 748929-66.2
Botswana81282-89.90-.
South Africa9961 27728.23313557.3
Other countries in Africa2 6433 43830.15 4216 00810.8
 
Oceania58865311.11 0741 000-6.9
Australia34543124.9953858-10.0
New Zealand239221-7.510313127.2
Other countries in Oceania41-75.01811-38.9

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
July 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total374 43424 3795 29421 57818 0513 70339 43060 955145 08355 276684
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)231 38715 2924 7488 90914 2021 75429 39437 38089 47929 573656
Nordic countries75 9125 4991 3724 4278 4461 0618 55514 32921 10010 516607
Developing countries66 7186 1081816 3771 0906212 2067 13723 15019 82722
Russia6 621513103231 5319125502 61753112-
India2 226479019011936042207080
Japan8 2794324303301 3056 0375549
China35 1355610142278764 24716 89412 4007
Singapore1 311111164494156162355156163
South Korea16 636182134112239 7186 446201-
United States24 2595961331471 0292433 63699414 3453 1333
Canada7 71319075 43516706872348061842
Brazil5 4771 39703 7500052138112245
South Africa1 2772753254700138031497

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
July 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total481 37555 3004979 309272 6131 22130 79846 82350 44513 897472
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)386 01336 1013147 531248 07174018 59237 80529 0527 73176
Nordic countries65 2229 5831892 33625 5793064 9908 56310 4953 14933
Developing countries36 5508 063151 0756 3431627 5623 2108 4311 6880
Russia1 278841116101814193908693
India1 399140136280135038017067-
Japan5 1062 136114921275837681 100149-
China9 8401 6928652554263 5346272 2375100
Singapore5 007486132 8303602135725220-
South Korea4 5441 232045141113276211 6615070
United States22 0863 652871287 0022251 8712 5064 8861 7280
Canada7 0944578404 903111482951 037196-
Brazil2 34749722603664337609207-
South Africa355171021440349310-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
July 2016July 2017July 2016 - July 2017So far this yearJuly 2016 - July 2017
July 2016July 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country30 14932 1996.8224 453238 8636.4
 
County of production1
Østfold1 1832 36299.79 1839 8797.6
Akershus442440-0.54 1193 053-25.9
Oslo676637-5.85 1625 113-0.9
Hedmark2692731.52 2512 2540.1
Oppland4825136.43 5823 98811.3
Buskerud918750-18.37 6958 3488.5
Vestfold1 1751 43322.09 07612 36036.2
Telemark1 4731 5605.911 84911 762-0.7
Aust-Agder20828537.02 0621 908-7.5
Vest-Agder2 1981 895-13.815 70516 3454.1
Rogaland2 5632 385-6.918 86621 42313.6
Hordaland5 0746 33624.933 55738 65115.2
Sogn og Fjordane8989586.76 9137 72211.7
Møre og Romsdal3 0932 654-14.222 27622 149-0.6
Sør-Trøndelag1 1751 52029.49 37211 05417.9
Nord-Trøndelag628588-6.43 6993 520-4.8
Nordland1 7201 8547.813 70215 43512.6
Troms - Romsa44259835.34 2854 79211.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku3103161.93 3813 4411.8
Svalbard1020-100.01250-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 1331 27112.28 1188 7117.3
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 5663 028-15.125 32922 830-9.9
County not stated42154329.04 1454 124-0.5

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
July 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country32 1997 0576 5181 3534 59819 192
 
County of production1
Østfold2 362108319622 056
Akershus440442440353
Oslo637173211598
Hedmark273901190144
Oppland5135-31504
Buskerud75040250721
Vestfold1 43332-45671685
Telemark1 56018330151 497
Aust-Agder28537-20-228
Vest-Agder1 89515121101 869
Rogaland2 3852071561469021 130
Hordaland6 3361 2381 2231032 4722 523
Sogn og Fjordane95836736771-519
Møre og Romsdal2 6541 2141 17012411 315
Sør-Trøndelag1 5201 1241 10222-374
Nord-Trøndelag58833433360-194
Nordland1 85485484538-962
Troms - Romsa5985385147-53
Finnmark - Finnmárku3162832732706
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 27152246614752378
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 0284264882 930
County not stated5434339461453

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - June 2017
Total328 1000.01.4
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)7 9790.0140.0
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms320 1210.00.0
 
0 Food and live animals21 1070.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031270.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations7940.0-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6290.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof2 2010.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2 5210.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit6 5690.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey7660.00.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1 9360.0-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)3 0010.0-0.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products2 562-0.1-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco4 4210.00.1
11 Beverages2 9040.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1 5170.10.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels18 9770.00.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw100.0-1.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 1580.00.0
23 Crude rubber710.0-0.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 4200.0-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper2700.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste580.0-0.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 5080.00.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap11 869-0.10.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 6140.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials15 7960.03.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 0530.00.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products13 3890.04.2
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude9 0650.00.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured3290.02.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane2560.00.0
35 Electric current1 0260.30.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes3 1130.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 2160.0-0.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1 8070.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed900.0-0.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.34 3050.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals4 5910.00.2
52 Inorganic chemicals2 6020.0-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 6880.0-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products9 1680.00.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc3 5610.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1 2970.0-0.2
57 Plastics in primary forms2 4440.0-0.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms2 9530.0-0.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 0010.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material54 290-0.1-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins2860.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.2 4300.0-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures3 852-0.1-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof3 6800.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles3 8430.0-0.2
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.4 5940.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel6 806-0.1-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals4 764-0.1-0.6
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.24 034-0.1-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment127 7930.03.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 2520.0-0.5
72 Machinery for special industries12 7150.00.0
73 Metal working machinery7530.0-0.1
74 General industrial machinery and equipment15 4050.0-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines7 792-0.1-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.12 0230.0-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus15 8540.0-0.1
78 Road vehicles37 8140.0-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships18 185-0.132.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles47 715-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.4 1970.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof7 8930.0-0.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.8250.00.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories9 2610.0-0.2
85 Footwear2 6860.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments8 180-0.1-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods1 4640.0-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s13 210-0.4-0.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions5830.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind1850.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender60.00.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)3920.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - June 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total420 7240.0-0.8
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)112 4290.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)91 4410.0-7.6
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)2 4990.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)7 6900.0142.4
Mainland exports206 664-0.1-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals48 3290.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03170.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations118-0.3-0.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs3960.00.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof45 287-0.1-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations1820.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit76-1.0-0.9
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey210.0-0.4
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1950.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 2180.0-0.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products8180.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco412-0.1-0.2
11 Beverages407-0.1-0.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures40.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels8 121-0.1-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3630.00.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits30.00.0
23 Crude rubber260.0-0.3
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 6420.0-0.9
25 Pulp and waste paper1 4580.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1270.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 7250.00.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 575-0.4-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2030.10.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials239 5630.0-3.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.03.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products135 8200.00.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude20 6080.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured101 2440.0-6.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane8 3640.00.0
35 Electric current2 4990.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 056-0.1-0.1
41 Animal oils and fats518-0.20.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2450.0-0.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2930.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.26 662-0.1-0.2
51 Organic chemicals7 782-0.4-0.3
52 Inorganic chemicals4 0230.00.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials9170.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products2 8670.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc682-0.1-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms2 7960.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms7900.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 8050.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material41 0030.00.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins380.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4100.0-0.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures7840.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof2 5390.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles807-0.10.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.873-0.1-0.1
67 Iron and steel7 6370.0-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals23 5720.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.4 342-0.12.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment42 850-0.110.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment3 2520.0-8.3
72 Machinery for special industries5 0720.0-0.3
73 Metal working machinery3580.00.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment8 2650.0-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 1860.0-1.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.3 0910.00.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus5 850-0.4-0.7
78 Road vehicles3 762-0.2-0.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships12 0140.062.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles12 343-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.7780.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 4440.0-0.7
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.500.0-0.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories3830.0-0.5
85 Footwear610.0-1.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments5 284-0.1-0.2
88 Photographic and optical goods116-0.1-0.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4 227-0.1-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions3850.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)3840.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact

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