281176
281176
statistikk
2017-04-21T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

17.4 %

increase in mainland exports from March 2016 to March 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
March 2017February 2017 - March 2017March 2016 - March 2017March 2017March 2016 - March 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports79 70710.529.0228 67525.1
Crude oil18 216-2.150.758 69961.4
Natural gas21 02310.329.359 41822.3
Natural gas condensates493-16.426.91 51846.4
Ships and oil platforms21 210-41.61 820.66 574868.2
Mainland exports38 76421.817.4102 4656.6
Fish8 81417.219.423 72013.8
 
Imports56 98716.612.8157 3129.4
Ships and oil platforms21 269-22.1-26.16 221165.3
 
The trade balance22 719-2.3101.471 36382.8
The mainland trade balance-16 954-9.8-7.3-48 626-7.4

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 797588 835.8 71218 251
2016606 697590 298.16 399-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201556 39554 18649 4677221 487
April 201564 32846 69849 52486516 764
May 201546 19645 31948 082877-
June 201554 07553 01549 9481 060-
July 201544 61943 72844 695892-
August 201547 12946 32149 395808-
September 201553 41153 04649 702365-
October 201553 66553 22549 447440-
November 201554 34552 83251 5531 512-
December 201550 97150 85050 374121-
January 201643 65743 41648 752241-
February 201649 54549 15949 760385-
March 201650 53048 81248 9421 718-
April 201650 36849 70247 903666-
May 201649 66949 28449 433385-
June 201653 78950 99348 8292 796-
July 201645 95045 12749 765823-
August 201652 98951 05549 9491 935-
September 201654 29051 24748 7873 042-
October 201652 68051 09249 3311 589-
November 201654 05552 01748 0912 038-
December 201649 17548 39450 440781-
January 201751 43948 11651 1203 323-
February 201748 88647 25749 8871 628-
March 201756 98755 71849 8701 269-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015836 166827 229.404 280.5 6113 326
2016747 135736 795.386 980.10 340-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201579 16978 89974 30037 33234 140270-
April 201565 80164 85267 28032 02533 902949-
May 201567 65167 62270 14432 16633 34730-
June 201570 46870 31873 93335 58433 657149-
July 201569 74868 78470 46433 68934 568964-
August 201567 93064 15767 52029 45532 7244473 326
September 201568 32668 32369 95735 60733 6653-
October 201573 81173 63669 24235 75634 084175-
November 201567 50367 16563 99433 78633 508338-
December 201566 85765 95262 94434 43634 293905-
January 201660 57060 08559 41630 81831 923486-
February 201660 39860 26759 99732 28632 825130-
March 201661 81061 74658 29933 01831 79763-
April 201661 51660 87662 89932 86032 038640-
May 201658 22858 10760 43430 56331 371121-
June 201660 36358 80661 59034 77433 0111 558-
July 201659 36258 72659 90930 15232 561637-
August 201660 19259 39762 47231 38232 556795-
September 201657 52357 30058 52034 91333 050224-
October 201665 20962 03158 32330 75730 8163 178-
November 201669 44367 78264 73833 18931 2901 661-
December 201672 52071 67368 16132 26932 836847-
January 201776 82373 53173 06631 88632 6893 292-
February 201772 14470 07372 51431 81633 3282 072-
March 201779 70778 49774 03138 76434 0681 210-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015220 369238 394-184 555
2016140 437146 496-203 318
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201522 77424 712-16 854
April 20151 47418 154-14 673
May 201521 45522 303-13 153
June 201516 39217 303-17 431
July 201525 12825 056-10 039
August 201520 80117 836-16 866
September 201514 91515 278-17 439
October 201520 14620 411-17 469
November 201513 15914 333-19 046
December 201515 88615 102-16 414
January 201616 91316 669-12 598
February 201610 85311 108-16 874
March 201611 28012 934-15 794
April 201611 14711 174-16 842
May 20168 5598 823-18 721
June 20166 5757 813-16 219
July 201613 41213 598-14 975
August 20167 2038 343-19 673
September 20163 2336 052-16 335
October 201612 52910 939-20 335
November 201615 38815 765-18 828
December 201623 34523 279-16 125
January 201725 38425 415-16 230
February 201723 25922 815-15 442
March 201722 71922 779-16 954

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 949.197 116.220 676.5 157
2016349 814.185 771.160 222.3 822
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201541 56638 58818 19818 71722 72418 823644
April 201532 82833 70918 59317 97814 09915 045135
May 201535 45637 18818 36418 00215 92817 8891 164
June 201534 73439 68419 28621 19015 01518 841433
July 201535 09535 81516 77515 23918 17420 500146
August 201534 70236 58416 32114 79417 72222 751659
September 201532 71736 54314 72716 08517 74223 467247
October 201537 88036 04818 09016 29719 33518 174455
November 201533 37931 63713 86514 17319 03516 250480
December 201531 51628 86211 91212 30519 49115 554113
January 201629 26726 84212 03812 46516 66214 248567
February 201627 98227 85312 24313 36415 65914 30080
March 201628 72926 88012 08412 79416 25613 507389
April 201628 01628 61414 75114 08012 95513 838310
May 201627 54428 91015 56315 23911 85913 346123
June 201624 03127 29013 44914 65210 02512 682557
July 201628 57329 15817 34415 63010 81412 185415
August 201628 01629 52418 20316 4649 67012 378144
September 201622 38724 76414 14715 2687 93110 422309
October 201631 27429 65217 83615 98913 00712 254432
November 201634 59332 89817 76118 25416 46114 013371
December 201639 40336 20520 35421 14218 92415 080125
January 201741 64538 34921 88222 64719 32916 607434
February 201738 25738 13518 60020 55519 06717 340590
March 201739 73237 35418 21619 52121 02317 525493

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2016March 2017March 2016 - March 2017So far this yearMarch 2016 - March 2017
March 2016March 2017
Total50 53056 98712.8143 732157 3129.4
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 7181 269-26.12 3456 221165.3
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms48 81255 71814.1141 387151 0916.9
 
0 Food and live animals3 5683 5940.710 65610 585-0.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03101554.9284250.0
01 Meat and meat preparations163136-16.4462370-19.9
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs108106-2.4304280-7.9
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof323272-15.81 3741 3740.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4254598.01 2911 244-3.6
05 Vegetables and fruit1 1591 1620.23 1913 2582.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey158144-8.7422401-4.9
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3233343.5998993-0.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)39948922.61 2691 3496.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products500477-4.71 3181 274-3.3
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7257716.31 9191 9230.2
11 Beverages4785055.81 3091 273-2.8
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2472657.56106506.6
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 9193 59723.27 9569 43718.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw33-19.986-29.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits23027017.051266429.8
23 Crude rubber12138.52724-13.3
24 Wood, lumber and cork35945727.21 0181 13511.5
25 Pulp and waste paper475312.1145144-0.7
26 Textile fibres and their waste91233.2293521.7
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales293251-14.4891778-12.7
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 6972 27434.04 6065 93928.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials267266-0.7719712-1.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials1 3652 33170.84 4417 95779.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes174161-7.34594937.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products1 0291 79474.33 2356 643105.4
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude6681 387107.72 4405 138110.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured6658-11.5335170-49.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane6342-33.5319130-59.2
35 Electric current96318231.341265157.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes45552615.51 3501 52913.3
41 Animal oils and fats18621012.66016518.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated25730117.371683917.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed121524.6334021.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 1226 52627.414 97616 76712.0
51 Organic chemicals3811 125195.01 7072 50246.5
52 Inorganic chemicals449448-0.31 2791 131-11.6
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2983114.37748266.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 3861 62517.23 7254 39418.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc5996417.01 7671 7740.4
56 Fertilizers284229-19.3885616-30.3
57 Plastics in primary forms38244115.61 1451 2166.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4985255.51 3181 3321.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8451 18139.72 3762 97525.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 3318 12410.821 20721 6502.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins6049-18.5170141-16.6
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4654885.01 2231 191-2.6
63 Cork and wood manufactures59771319.51 7341 93711.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof6286523.91 9201 876-2.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles63171313.01 7921 8513.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.72285318.12 1442 2294.0
67 Iron and steel1 1071 2018.53 4423 201-7.0
68 Non-ferrous metals75289118.52 0062 26312.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 3692 5638.26 7766 9602.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment20 03822 42211.955 39262 24912.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8971 15929.32 4903 82853.8
72 Machinery for special industries2 2502 3424.16 0025 721-4.7
73 Metal working machinery161121-24.9334327-2.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 9142 726-6.48 1337 379-9.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 1981 39216.33 8293 9964.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.1 7282 03617.85 0855 59510.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 5112 7609.97 6997 7150.2
78 Road vehicles5 7717 36927.715 85618 44416.3
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 6074 45423.59 92011 07711.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 6102 517-3.65 9659 24455.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 9219 0151.125 60924 981-2.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.7247250.02 0762 1332.7
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3171 47912.33 9024 0443.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.14816410.94114202.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 7751 9449.55 3385 301-0.7
85 Footwear5666016.11 6041 571-2.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 6451 396-15.24 2954 122-4.0
88 Photographic and optical goods2442627.36907072.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 5012 445-2.27 2946 684-8.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions8683-4.32272342.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3928-29.48874-15.8
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender112.273-60.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)465417.113315718.5

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2016March 2017March 2016 - March 2017So far this yearMarch 2016 - March 2017
March 2016March 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total61 81079 70729.0182 778228 67525.1
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)12 08418 21650.736 36458 69961.4
Natural gas (SITC 343)16 25621 02329.348 57659 41822.3
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)38949326.71 0371 51846.4
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)631 2101 820.66796 574868.2
Mainland exports33 01838 76417.496 121102 4656.6
 
0 Food and live animals7 8869 31918.222 25425 17813.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.033334.51612-25.5
01 Meat and meat preparations192212.6495716.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs60647.017219915.5
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof7 3808 81419.420 83623 72013.8
04 Cereals and cereal preparations263535.9768511.1
05 Vegetables and fruit2515-39.78136-55.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey62-68.7209-54.7
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices293728.17710029.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)207184-11.25195546.8
09 Miscellaneous edible products1321438.7408407-0.3
 
1 Beverages and tobacco77770.7244185-24.3
11 Beverages75761.3240182-24.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures21-29.043-30.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 2241 36211.33 5963 8246.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw465110.3301287-4.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits0191.81162.1
23 Crude rubber4635.51715-8.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork2842974.9780750-3.9
25 Pulp and waste paper239239-0.162470513.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste152140.655585.7
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales323276-14.5889804-9.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap28542750.28391 09730.8
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials284456.39010616.6
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials33 04346 17139.797 538135 23338.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.150-98.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products15 08823 28554.344 31769 41056.6
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude2 5684 50975.66 7659 05133.8
34 Gas , natural and manufactured17 50922 57728.951 88564 63424.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 0621 38730.62 8324 55961.0
35 Electric current446309-30.61 3201 188-10.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes17123537.7551524-4.8
41 Animal oils and fats7711143.9245243-1.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated376676.31351447.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed56573.2171137-19.7
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 5264 9709.813 11913 3251.6
51 Organic chemicals1 2151 39214.63 5623 7926.5
52 Inorganic chemicals760743-2.22 0612 002-2.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials14417722.540946313.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products44950813.31 4101 398-0.9
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc11112210.73373637.7
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4474828.01 3241 3925.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms10212724.827331615.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2991 4199.23 7423 598-3.9
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 2967 62921.217 92720 71115.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins87-12.02420-14.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.526832.515820730.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures11916034.436840710.5
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4694822.81 3591 284-5.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles158153-3.14144160.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.12117948.334243226.0
67 Iron and steel1 1531 43824.83 0403 85926.9
68 Non-ferrous metals3 3234 29229.29 83911 83320.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.895849-5.12 3812 254-5.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment6 1897 53921.820 83323 44812.6
71 Power generating machinery and equipment5385614.21 7171 598-6.9
72 Machinery for special industries1 137963-15.33 4342 555-25.6
73 Metal working machinery529584.614920436.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 5401 363-11.55 2494 205-19.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines17920414.15475795.8
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.44563843.41 1531 40722.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 0931 37325.63 7302 991-19.8
78 Road vehicles58569018.01 7601 8133.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships6221 652165.83 0938 097161.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 3342 3520.86 5236 034-7.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.11614625.731439525.5
82 Furniture and parts thereof25828510.67587661.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1110-2.52522-14.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories458385.515920428.5
85 Footwear91798.2303824.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 262929-26.43 5542 600-26.9
88 Photographic and optical goods2321-7.16055-8.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s61085940.91 6231 95620.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions6454-16.81932129.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind008 000.0002 600.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-93.551-88.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6353-15.118821112.2

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2016March 2017March 2016March 2017
Total143 732157 3129.4182 778228 67525.1
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries28 81833 17415.121 89428 15228.6
EFTA2 1572 023-6.21 6771 90213.4
EU90 454100 53811.1144 960186 71728.8
OECD108 591121 63112.0160 045206 28928.9
Developing countries28 72329 0921.315 27315 5181.6
LDC - least developed countries81790911.383399119.0
 
Continents and countries
Europe96 803107 16710.7148 584192 33629.4
Belgium2 2602 3915.89 41210 73714.1
Denmark7 6279 84829.17 06011 18858.5
Estonia1 1041 23511.928437632.4
Finland3 5463 5730.82 5063 06522.3
France5 2214 711-9.813 59013 521-0.5
Greece185141-23.8418339-18.9
Ireland1 1081 22910.92 2993 18938.7
Iceland438319-27.28881 12326.5
Italy4 8016 63738.22 1482 68324.9
Lithuania1 5211 76816.21 3971 69921.6
Netherlands5 2346 56425.418 65923 51726.0
Poland4 6115 68923.43 9274 92025.3
Portugal6246372.11 0921 1666.8
Romania906697-23.1200196-2.0
Russia2 1782 42011.131152769.5
Slovakia67876112.28010430.0
Spain4 1433 493-15.73 3995 23854.1
United Kingdom8 2038 5924.736 75956 81754.6
Switzerland1 7021 688-0.8788767-2.7
Sweden17 05519 26713.011 17812 32110.2
Czech Republic1 6071 78010.841556034.9
Turkey1 4001 62416.01 0522 02892.8
Germany16 94718 3518.328 68833 40316.4
Hungary6266402.221625719.0
Austria1 0971 1464.541147315.1
Other countires in Europe1 9811 966-0.81 4072 12250.8
 
Asia28 48531 2909.818 11417 586-2.9
Hong Kong20323616.3381331-13.1
India8969546.56136231.6
Japan3 6733 9046.31 9882 58029.8
China16 37315 298-6.65 0204 449-11.4
Malaysia53861514.348362228.8
Singapore67077816.12 8212 085-26.1
South Korea1 4763 832159.62 9042 103-27.6
Taiwan1 0461 0873.9505492-2.6
Thailand76190318.740060651.5
Vietnam9271 49461.258484444.5
Other countires in Asia1 9222 18913.92 4152 85118.1
 
North and Central America12 91613 4314.010 60114 28034.7
Canada2 9894 00634.01 5803 319110.1
United States9 1088 406-7.77 4429 80131.7
Other countries in North- and Central-America8191 01924.41 5791 160-74.6
 
South America3 2783 222-1.71 5561 508-3.1
Brazil2 1092 1431.61 0371 16512.3
Chile338282-16.6260145-44.2
Peru382322-15.73918-53.8
Other countries in South-America4494755.8220180-18.2
 
Africa2 0101 942-3.43 4302 602-24.1
Angola4525.0645522-19.1
Botswana41425-94.0--.
South Africa33665795.515217414.5
Other countires in Africa1 2561 255-0.12 6331 906-27.6
 
Oceania2402608.3493363-26.4
Australia16418211.0442320-27.6
New Zealand74785.44229-31.0
Other countires in Oceania20-100.091455.6

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2016March 2017March 2016March 2017
Total141 387151 0916.996 121102 4656.6
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries28 78533 16415.217 23619 12911.0
EFTA2 1432 015-6.01 6561 90214.9
EU89 65997 6788.961 56766 1587.5
OECD107 582115 8707.775 51482 1588.8
Developing countries27 33928 4374.014 60414 6810.5
LDC - least developed countries81790911.380399123.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe95 794104 1038.765 42171 0808.7
Belgium2 2602 3915.83 0683 3418.9
Denmark7 6189 84629.25 4205 9179.2
Estonia1 1041 23511.928437632.4
Finland3 5463 5730.81 9021 9050.2
France5 1874 711-9.24 6473 519-24.3
Greece185141-23.83283393.4
Ireland1 1041 22911.31 313891-32.1
Iceland423311-26.58681 12329.4
Italy4 7974 322-9.92 1482 40512.0
Lithuania1 5211 76816.28491 09028.4
Netherlands5 2346 56425.48 95810 38515.9
Poland4 6105 68923.43 9274 2207.5
Portugal6246372.11 0921 1666.8
Romania906697-23.1200196-2.0
Russia2 1782 42011.131152568.8
Slovakia67876112.28010430.0
Spain3 4193 4932.22 4262 77614.4
United Kingdom8 1928 4733.47 0368 23217.0
Switzerland1 7021 688-0.8788767-2.7
Sweden17 04619 26613.08 8149 96413.0
Czech Republic1 6071 78010.841556034.9
Turkey1 2001 42819.01 0161 47845.5
Germany16 94717 9275.87 5377 5820.6
Hungary6266402.221625719.0
Austria1 0971 1464.541147315.1
Other countries in Europe1 9831 967-0.81 3671 4898.9
 
Asia27 30028 1693.217 88617 385-2.8
Hong Kong20323616.3381331-13.1
India8969546.544949610.5
Japan3 6733 404-7.31 9882 58029.8
China15 18915 2980.75 0094 374-12.7
Malaysia53861514.348362228.8
Singapore67077816.12 7682 085-24.7
South Korea1 4761 63510.82 9042 103-27.6
Taiwan1 0461 0873.9505492-2.6
Thailand76190318.740060651.5
Vietnam9271 07015.458484444.5
Other countries in Asia1 9212 18914.02 4152 85218.1
 
North and Central America12 76513 3964.97 7489 61324.1
Canada2 9894 00634.06211 04568.3
United States9 1088 406-7.76 4447 95423.4
Other countries in North and Central America66898447.3683614-10.1
 
South America3 2783 222-1.71 2691 50818.8
Brazil2 1092 1431.68921 16530.6
Chile338282-16.611614525.0
Peru382322-15.73918-53.8
Other countries in South America4494755.8222180-18.9
 
Africa2 0101 942-3.43 3052 526-23.6
Angola4525.0645522-19.1
Botswana41425-94.0--.
South Africa33665795.515217414.5
Other countries in Africa1 2561 255-0.12 5081 830-27.0
 
Oceania2402608.3493353-28.4
Australia16418211.0442320-27.6
New Zealand74785.44229-31.0
Other countries in Oceania20-100.094-55.6

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
March 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total157 31210 5851 9239 4377 9571 52916 76721 65062 24924 981234
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)100 5386 8631 7243 7546 71376012 16815 72139 68312 926227
Nordic countries33 1742 1755441 7634 4494553 5166 1929 1784 693211
Developing countries29 0922 540632 6681882669882 9949 9039 4785
Russia2 42024231295123312029382141-
India954179090084266893270
Japan3 9041511101355352 973243-
China15 298244075123901 8666 8235 8951
Singapore778401440475281898090
South Korea3 8321217171242663 33381-
United States8 40627152603601261 5104214 2221 3831
Canada4 0067942 7281650389128435790
Brazil2 14353701 47300236628132
South Africa657161133030053313830

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
March 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total228 67525 1781853 824135 23352413 32520 71123 4486 034212
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)186 71715 8971013 119125 9413507 89416 65313 3133 42426
Nordic countries28 1524 235601 05110 6321282 0973 9024 5971 43515
Developing countries15 5183 96344752 304623 4041 4223 1567290
Russia5271303500571961933293
India623705312701731755038-
Japan2 580943172211429333564081-
China4 449765131513971 6752961 0561940
Singapore2 085218011 072225472364102-
South Korea2 103592018141503147822420
United States9 8011 81847202 011898081 1453 1187450
Canada3 3191911102 2732687861680-
Brazil1 165351120133013927268-
South Africa1749401012214366-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2016March 2017March 2016 - March 2017So far this yearMarch 2016 - March 2017
March 2016March 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country33 01838 76417.496 121102 4656.6
 
County of production1
Østfold1 3431 68925.84 1543 928-5.4
Akershus593492-17.01 8341 390-24.2
Oslo816801-1.82 2702 195-3.3
Hedmark3153325.49519550.4
Oppland49856814.11 4651 69315.6
Buskerud8961 40757.03 1303 4008.6
Vestfold1 3092 13663.23 7645 63749.8
Telemark1 9361 908-1.45 4374 994-8.1
Aust-Agder2562736.6897779-13.2
Vest-Agder2 0712 61026.06 6317 44812.3
Rogaland2 8183 31317.67 8849 92625.9
Hordaland4 9936 38227.814 22914 6462.9
Sogn og Fjordane9421 38246.72 7413 91642.9
Møre og Romsdal3 1353 63616.010 3139 783-5.1
Sør-Trøndelag1 4941 92729.03 8655 06431.0
Nord-Trøndelag46366643.81 2781 48616.3
Nordland2 0232 57427.25 8266 79816.7
Troms - Romsa6716973.91 9341 909-1.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku614536-12.71 6011 78311.4
Svalbard0-.150-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 1131 24712.03 3183 71311.9
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 9973 488-12.710 8369 300-14.2
County not stated720701-2.61 7471 724-1.3

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
March 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country38 7649 3968 8141 5966 43921 333
 
County of production1
Østfold1 68994721711 377
Akershus492372131441
Oslo801403411718
Hedmark3321001320190
Oppland56820101555
Buskerud1 407205101 354
Vestfold2 13622-741 219821
Telemark1 90815241621 790
Aust-Agder27329-190226
Vest-Agder2 61012112302 575
Rogaland3 3133532761501 4221 388
Hordaland6 3821 4511 4171383 4121 381
Sogn og Fjordane1 38263763621-724
Møre og Romsdal3 6361 7281 66312111 786
Sør-Trøndelag1 9271 3821 36441-504
Nord-Trøndelag66637637252-238
Nordland2 5741 2441 23268-1 262
Troms - Romsa6976306196-60
Finnmark - Finnmárku53647947840610
Svalbard------
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 24761854922830991
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 48861156033 364
County not stated701174168480479

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - February 2017
Total100 3254.04.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)4 952405.5405.9
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms95 373-0.1-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals6 9920.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03270.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations234-0.1-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1740.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof1 1020.00.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations784-0.1-0.1
05 Vegetables and fruit2 0960.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey2570.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices6590.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)8600.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products7980.00.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1 1530.00.0
11 Beverages7670.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3850.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels5 8400.10.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw30.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits3940.00.0
23 Crude rubber110.0-1.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork6780.0-0.5
25 Pulp and waste paper910.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste24-0.5-0.5
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales5270.70.7
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 6650.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials4460.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials5 6260.01.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes3320.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products4 8490.01.2
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude3 7510.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1120.00.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane880.00.0
35 Electric current3330.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 0030.0-0.1
41 Animal oils and fats4410.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated538-0.1-0.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed250.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.10 241-0.1-0.1
51 Organic chemicals1 3760.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals683-0.1-0.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials515-0.2-0.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products2 770-0.1-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 1330.00.0
56 Fertilizers387-0.4-0.4
57 Plastics in primary forms775-0.1-0.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms8070.0-0.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 795-0.2-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material13 526-0.1-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins920.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.703-0.1-0.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 2240.00.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof1 2240.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 138-0.3-0.4
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 376-0.1-0.2
67 Iron and steel2 000-0.1-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals1 372-0.2-0.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.4 397-0.1-0.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment39 82710.810.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment2 669-0.6-0.6
72 Machinery for special industries3 3800.00.0
73 Metal working machinery206-0.5-0.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment4 653-0.2-0.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 604-0.1-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.3 559-0.2-0.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus4 9550.0-0.1
78 Road vehicles11 0750.0-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships6 728141.0141.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles15 965-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 4080.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 565-0.1-0.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.2560.60.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories3 357-0.1-0.5
85 Footwear970-0.1-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments2 726-0.2-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods445-0.2-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4 238-0.1-0.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions1510.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind460.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1030.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - February 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total148 9681.62.7
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)40 4830.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)38 395-0.2-0.2
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)1 0250.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)5 36487.4313.7
Mainland exports63 701-0.2-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals15 859-0.1-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0380.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations35-0.6-1.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1350.20.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof14 907-0.1-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations50-0.3-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit21-0.1-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey70.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices630.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)370-0.5-0.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products264-0.2-0.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1070.0-0.4
11 Beverages1060.0-0.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures20.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 463-0.2-0.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2370.00.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10.00.0
23 Crude rubber90.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork453-2.3-2.9
25 Pulp and waste paper4660.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste380.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales528-0.2-0.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap6700.90.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials620.40.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials89 062-0.1-0.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products46 1260.00.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude4 5420.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured42 058-0.2-0.2
342 Liquefied propane and butane3 1720.20.2
35 Electric current8790.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2890.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats1320.30.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated78-0.6-0.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed800.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.8 355-0.1-0.1
51 Organic chemicals2 4000.10.1
52 Inorganic chemicals1 2590.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2860.0-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products8900.10.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc241-0.1-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms910-0.3-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms189-0.8-1.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.2 180-0.2-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material13 0830.00.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins130.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.139-0.3-0.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures247-0.1-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof8020.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles2630.0-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.2530.00.0
67 Iron and steel2 4200.10.1
68 Non-ferrous metals7 5410.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.1 4050.0-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment15 90918.034.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 037-6.0-6.0
72 Machinery for special industries1 5920.0-0.1
73 Metal working machinery1090.0-0.1
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 842-0.2-0.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines3750.0-0.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.7690.10.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 618-0.3-0.4
78 Road vehicles1 123-0.1-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships6 44563.5179.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles3 682-0.5-0.7
81 Prefabricated buildings.248-0.1-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof480-0.9-1.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.110.0-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories121-0.7-0.7
85 Footwear200.00.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 670-0.3-0.5
88 Photographic and optical goods340.00.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s1 097-0.8-0.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions1580.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0....
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1580.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact

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