281178
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
281178
statistikk
2017-06-16T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

59.2

billion NOK the imports was in May 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
May 2017April 2017 - May 2017May 2016 - May 2017May 2017May 2016 - May 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports66 9251.214.9354 75817.2
Crude oil18 140-5.716.696 06643.6
Natural gas13 136-9.110.879 5988.5
Natural gas condensates300-29.7144.12 24452.7
Ships and oil platforms21111 010.0-8.37 130395.1
Mainland exports35 23910.015.3169 7206.4
Fish7 43110.713.437 8679.6
 
Imports59 17534.819.2260 5066.9
Ships and oil platforms23785.0-90.46 29185.2
 
The trade balance7 750-65.1-9.594 25259.8
The mainland trade balance-23 899-101.5-27.7-84 494-4.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 201546 19445 31748 077877-
June 201554 06453 00449 7171 060-
July 201544 60943 71744 630892-
August 201547 09346 28549 345808-
September 201553 28852 92349 533365-
October 201553 64953 20949 421440-
November 201554 21252 69951 2701 512-
December 201550 99750 87750 364121-
January 201643 65743 41648 779241-
February 201649 54249 15749 867385-
March 201650 53248 81449 1651 718-
April 201650 35049 68448 222666-
May 201649 66449 27949 346385-
June 201653 79551 00048 6042 796-
July 201645 89745 07449 668823-
August 201652 87350 93849 7101 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 7513 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 2941 599-
November 201656 94651 98347 8624 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 476835-
January 201751 40248 07951 0873 323-
February 201748 84847 21950 0721 628-
March 201757 17155 88950 2871 282-
April 201743 91043 88950 59720-
May 201759 17559 13857 06637-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 201567 37567 34569 89732 20933 26430-
June 201570 45370 30473 83635 57033 581149-
July 201569 71968 75670 45133 66134 533964-
August 201567 65663 88467 43329 45532 6954473 326
September 201568 33668 33470 57035 61733 6373-
October 201573 82373 64868 82235 76834 058175-
November 201567 22966 89263 54233 51233 329338-
December 201566 84165 93663 21534 42034 349905-
January 201660 66560 17959 70230 81532 024486-
February 201660 39460 26359 80432 28232 935130-
March 201661 91261 84957 74633 01731 93463-
April 201661 51760 87763 26932 86131 798640-
May 201658 22558 10460 54030 56031 234121-
June 201660 35958 80161 51134 77032 9411 558-
July 201659 27458 63759 85230 14932 525637-
August 201660 00359 20962 51031 36332 517795-
September 201657 47957 25558 86234 92633 054224-
October 201668 88065 70261 36030 84830 8633 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 51833 20331 3901 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 48232 20632 8592 704-
January 201774 81871 10170 88331 86932 7833 716-
February 201769 76967 68669 81631 81633 4602 082-
March 201777 10775 89770 69738 76734 3111 210-
April 201766 14066 13068 73332 03035 20010-
May 201766 92566 81469 62435 23935 100111-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 201521 18122 029-13 107
June 201516 38917 300-17 434
July 201525 11125 039-10 056
August 201520 56317 599-16 831
September 201515 04915 411-17 306
October 201520 17420 439-17 441
November 201513 01814 192-19 187
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201723 41523 022-16 210
February 201720 92120 467-15 403
March 201719 93620 008-17 122
April 201722 23122 241-11 859
May 20177 7507 676-23 899

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 201535 13637 28218 36418 00215 92818 014844
June 201534 73439 96619 28621 23615 01518 828433
July 201535 09535 99916 77515 27118 17420 706146
August 201534 42936 50616 32114 87717 72222 965386
September 201532 71736 76614 72716 25917 74223 348247
October 201537 88034 80218 09016 44619 33517 756455
November 201533 37931 26613 86514 10419 03516 062480
December 201531 51628 98811 91212 33519 49115 795113
January 201629 36427 04812 13512 47816 66214 342567
February 201627 98227 91912 24313 25815 65914 29380
March 201628 83227 00012 18712 63716 25613 411389
April 201628 01628 70214 75114 14812 95513 827310
May 201627 54429 35815 56315 16511 85913 542123
June 201624 03127 52113 44914 70410 02512 661557
July 201628 48929 23517 34415 68310 73012 221415
August 201627 84629 52918 10716 4979 59612 408144
September 201622 32924 78814 14715 4627 87310 284309
October 201634 85431 81518 20316 48716 22014 873432
November 201635 59733 37318 74319 16616 48413 841371
December 201637 31534 46420 72421 59316 47013 351121
January 201739 23336 32021 88222 48516 91614 640434
February 201735 87035 87318 60020 37716 68015 158590
March 201737 13034 96218 21619 06918 42015 234493
April 201734 10034 77419 22718 30714 44715 429426
May 201731 57633 59618 14017 50013 13615 076300

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
May 2016May 2017May 2016 - May 2017So far this yearMay 2016 - May 2017
May 2016May 2017
Total49 66459 17519.2243 746260 5066.9
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)38537-90.43 3966 29185.2
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms49 27959 13820.0240 350254 2155.8
 
0 Food and live animals3 8083 9493.718 10217 574-2.9
00 Live animals other than animals of div.033415-56.5749426.1
01 Meat and meat preparations15918214.4786658-16.3
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs12113511.3537515-4.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof337293-12.92 0491 900-7.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4444450.32 1652 059-4.9
05 Vegetables and fruit1 2861 2960.85 6375 566-1.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1241293.9695645-7.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices29832910.41 6171 610-0.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)5906398.52 3342 4213.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products41548517.02 2082 108-4.5
 
1 Beverages and tobacco79792015.43 4423 5182.2
11 Beverages54060712.32 3652 315-2.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures25731421.91 0771 20311.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 4853 82653.912 96615 70221.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-44.5128-35.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits13317330.079199125.3
23 Crude rubber132372.9546010.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork4424757.51 8901 9563.5
25 Pulp and waste paper546214.7244237-2.9
26 Textile fibres and their waste97-24.55049-2.7
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales277251-9.61 3961 289-7.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 2382 46399.07 1949 73735.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials31737217.21 3351 3763.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials1 5212 91691.77 63313 15872.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes12819955.371084819.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products1 1972 543112.45 77311 05091.4
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude9701 46250.74 4487 74874.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9554-43.3489272-44.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane9143-52.7461211-54.2
35 Electric current10212018.666298849.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes51559716.02 3572 5046.2
41 Animal oils and fats18926640.51 0601 014-4.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3103120.61 2371 41814.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed151922.7607320.7
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 5236 34514.926 01628 2018.4
51 Organic chemicals754738-2.13 3743 89615.5
52 Inorganic chemicals38358151.52 0722 1111.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3103244.41 3731 3760.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 3591 57816.16 3927 45116.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc5916438.92 9422 929-0.5
56 Fertilizers22625010.81 3291 104-17.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4154549.31 9562 0203.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5615732.12 4532 365-3.6
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9241 20430.44 1254 94920.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 3048 52216.736 09536 6071.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins426146.0261247-5.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.3924084.12 0431 964-3.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures6376948.82 9793 1947.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof6196484.73 1873 042-4.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles62274119.23 0663 1853.9
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8309069.13 7563 7670.3
67 Iron and steel1 0781 40830.65 7905 571-3.8
68 Non-ferrous metals79088111.43 6133 9308.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 2952 77621.011 40011 7062.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment19 59923 84721.795 153102 9268.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7111 23874.14 1775 87540.7
72 Machinery for special industries2 5922 6612.710 89610 474-3.9
73 Metal working machinery10912816.5572566-1.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 9882 912-2.614 06012 579-10.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3301 3783.66 4576 422-0.5
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.1 7042 31335.88 3989 71215.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 5233 02019.712 77713 0231.9
78 Road vehicles6 0137 37222.628 00231 28311.7
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 4724 53930.716 84318 86812.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 6272 82673.69 81312 99332.4
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 0158 1471.641 56739 859-4.1
81 Prefabricated buildings.813741-8.83 5833 446-3.8
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2141 42417.36 3706 5833.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.11715028.16436704.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 1271 36721.37 9527 930-0.3
85 Footwear31735110.62 3412 308-1.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 3271 3592.46 9346 711-3.2
88 Photographic and optical goods23127217.71 1541 1842.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 8702 484-13.412 59111 028-12.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions971069.541445610.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4434-22.5167141-15.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-81.983-59.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)517139.823931230.5

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
May 2016May 2017May 2016 - May 2017So far this yearMay 2016 - May 2017
May 2016May 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total58 22566 92514.9302 713354 75817.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)15 56318 14016.666 87896 06643.6
Natural gas (SITC 343)11 85913 13610.873 39079 5988.5
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)123300143.91 4702 24452.7
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)121111-8.31 4407 130395.1
Mainland exports30 56035 23915.3159 535169 7206.4
 
0 Food and live animals7 0227 98113.736 94940 3329.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0322-8.52215-31.1
01 Meat and meat preparations142145.386949.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6759-11.73113326.8
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof6 5537 43113.434 54737 8679.6
04 Cereals and cereal preparations273944.513114611.4
05 Vegetables and fruit2014-30.212161-49.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey93-64.93417-48.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices254062.712916023.8
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)19125634.689399611.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products1141150.8675643-4.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8782-5.7402323-19.5
11 Beverages8582-4.1396320-19.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures20-94.964-38.9
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 2241 55326.96 1486 5346.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2118-14.4364340-6.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits00.12125.6
23 Crude rubber2590.923230.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork25129919.51 3221 309-1.0
25 Pulp and waste paper21727526.81 0761 19010.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste222514.3104102-1.8
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales355349-1.51 5931 398-12.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap32754466.31 5192 00431.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials293729.414516614.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials31 74736 57515.2161 124204 59627.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00-46.1230-98.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products18 36321 38316.480 328114 72242.8
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude2 6322 91610.811 72016 17938.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured12 92914 71813.878 71387 87011.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane9051 28542.04 5417 07255.7
35 Electric current4554734.02 0612 004-2.8
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes174163-6.4902852-5.6
41 Animal oils and fats8777-11.6422394-6.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4830-37.4227216-4.7
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed395642.7253241-4.7
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 0534 74016.921 59922 2042.8
51 Organic chemicals1 0831 35024.65 9466 4658.7
52 Inorganic chemicals6446968.13 3493 302-1.4
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials14717116.27007669.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products43158034.62 4132 374-1.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1061147.25475592.1
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms42452624.22 1772 3146.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms11216850.649565031.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 1061 1342.65 9715 775-3.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material5 8037 43628.130 09533 74112.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins86-32.33929-24.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.56571.627732015.6
63 Cork and wood manufactures11713414.16166383.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4334739.22 2172 093-5.6
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles136136-0.4687670-2.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.13415516.460871818.1
67 Iron and steel9441 60770.25 1196 36524.3
68 Non-ferrous metals3 4164 33927.016 71019 45916.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.559529-5.33 8243 450-9.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment5 8546 2206.333 98536 0306.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment54277342.52 9172 846-2.5
72 Machinery for special industries994941-5.45 6674 236-25.3
73 Metal working machinery5947-19.02742750.4
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 4801 5263.18 2516 903-16.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines16519015.2974955-1.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.42150319.42 0342 32414.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9941 0162.25 9984 816-19.7
78 Road vehicles6246382.33 0653 034-1.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships5745862.04 80510 641121.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 2062 089-5.311 2009 807-12.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.10012020.155162713.9
82 Furniture and parts thereof2332507.41 2781 189-7.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.71037.34139-6.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories505917.427031014.7
85 Footwear898.6505510.3
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 177998-15.25 9264 354-26.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2120-7.510290-12.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6106252.42 9813 1455.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions558756.83103399.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.002 600.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20-88.681-90.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)538663.030133812.2

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
May 2016May 2017May 2016May 2017
Total243 746260 5066.9302 713354 75817.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries50 11654 5938.937 20247 57627.9
EFTA3 8123 703-2.92 8173 0247.3
EU155 594167 3297.5239 826286 30319.4
OECD185 858201 9518.7265 904317 57419.4
Developing countries46 43947 0661.425 51825 419-0.4
LDC - least developed countries1 5311 488-2.81 4551 4852.1
 
Continents and countries
Europe167 031179 1117.2245 862295 25420.1
Belgium4 0444 2084.114 74615 9898.4
Denmark13 05515 73120.511 80116 65641.1
Estonia1 9112 26118.347860025.5
Finland6 1116 1911.34 0785 27729.4
France8 7908 203-6.721 36920 111-5.9
Greece276232-15.9561539-3.9
Ireland1 7642 50141.84 2884 3902.4
Iceland751651-13.31 3981 84832.2
Italy8 0679 74220.83 6444 63527.2
Lithuania2 6942 98310.72 1882 95134.9
Netherlands9 22910 89618.130 23837 93425.5
Poland8 6519 3788.46 6977 64314.1
Portugal1 0321 000-3.12 4762 238-9.6
Romania1 2341 098-11.0337302-10.4
Russia4 0424 66715.556391462.3
Slovakia1 1211 30916.813215920.5
Spain6 4105 622-12.35 9808 16436.5
United Kingdom13 35314 2116.462 26582 47332.5
Switzerland3 0333 026-0.21 4161 164-17.8
Sweden29 80131 7256.519 48323 20819.1
Czech Republic2 8032 9796.376687113.7
Turkey2 4922 5191.11 6823 22691.8
Germany29 77431 7196.546 06849 7167.9
Hungary1 1201 117-0.334239615.8
Austria1 9001 9402.17427764.6
Other countires in Europe3 5733 202-10.42 1243 07444.7
 
Asia46 70448 7344.329 65128 834-2.8
Hong Kong31137620.9640573-10.5
India1 4751 6068.91 0121 0938.0
Japan6 3056 041-4.23 7383 8523.0
China25 61224 732-3.48 2796 916-16.5
Malaysia9801 0446.572697434.2
Singapore1 4181 073-24.34 2753 403-20.4
South Korea2 8115 04179.34 3633 397-22.1
Taiwan1 7511 7932.474891021.7
Thailand1 2801 48716.27171 01241.1
Vietnam1 4372 06643.81 0371 33328.5
Other countires in Asia3 3243 4754.54 1165 37130.5
 
North and Central America20 67823 32312.818 06923 30529.0
Canada4 4005 94235.03 1885 35768.0
United States14 88915 8026.112 62715 70324.4
Other countries in North- and Central-America1 3891 57913.72 2542 245-57.5
 
South America5 5075 5330.52 5582 336-8.7
Brazil3 5083 7125.81 6211 7226.2
Chile570437-23.3480238-50.4
Peru674492-27.05246-11.5
Other countries in South-America75589218.1405330-18.5
 
Africa3 4113 363-1.45 3864 341-19.4
Angola17318-89.61 178746-36.7
Botswana64448-92.5--.
South Africa57694764.42442596.1
Other countires in Africa2 0182 35016.53 9643 336-15.8
 
Oceania4164436.51 187689-42.0
Australia26630313.9695606-12.8
New Zealand148139-6.16966-4.3
Other countires in Oceania21-50.042317-96.0

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
May 2016May 2017May 2016May 2017
Total240 350254 2155.8159 535169 7206.4
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries49 99054 5809.229 31133 28213.5
EFTA3 7783 692-2.32 7883 0248.5
EU154 608164 4336.4102 682110 5277.6
OECD184 276196 1526.4126 360136 2847.9
Developing countries44 65046 3903.923 95924 1380.7
LDC - least developed countries1 5311 488-2.81 4261 4854.1
 
Continents and countries
Europe165 736176 0096.2108 938118 4838.8
Belgium4 0444 2084.14 8955 79318.3
Denmark13 04715 72920.69 1879 9518.3
Estonia1 9112 26118.347860025.5
Finland6 1116 1911.33 2153 117-3.0
France8 7578 203-6.37 0455 650-19.8
Greece276232-15.94714893.8
Ireland1 7612 50142.01 9031 504-21.0
Iceland716640-10.61 3691 84835.0
Italy8 0637 427-7.93 3703 6658.8
Lithuania2 6942 98310.71 3871 66019.7
Netherlands9 06110 89620.314 76416 65412.8
Poland8 6469 3618.36 6976 9433.7
Portugal1 0321 000-3.12 0692 2388.2
Romania1 2341 098-11.0337302-10.4
Russia4 0424 66715.556391262.0
Slovakia1 1211 30916.813215920.5
Spain5 6865 605-1.44 1194 4046.9
United Kingdom13 32414 0925.812 23814 06214.9
Switzerland3 0333 026-0.21 4161 164-17.8
Sweden29 79131 7246.515 21818 01518.4
Czech Republic2 8032 9796.376687113.7
Turkey2 2922 3231.41 6462 37844.5
Germany29 77431 2955.112 53112 504-0.2
Hungary1 1201 117-0.334239615.8
Austria1 9001 9402.17427764.6
Other countries in Europe3 4973 202-8.42 0382 42819.1
 
Asia44 75345 6001.929 21428 502-2.4
Hong Kong31137620.9640573-10.5
India1 4751 6068.978196723.8
Japan6 3055 541-12.13 7383 8523.0
China24 02224 7323.08 2686 841-17.3
Malaysia9801 0446.572697434.2
Singapore1 4181 060-25.24 2043 403-19.1
South Korea2 4502 84416.14 3633 397-22.1
Taiwan1 7511 7932.474891021.7
Thailand1 2801 48716.27171 01241.1
Vietnam1 4371 64214.31 0371 33328.5
Other countries in Asia3 3243 4754.53 9925 24031.3
 
North and Central America20 52623 28813.513 36315 59716.7
Canada4 4005 94235.01 4851 94430.9
United States14 88915 8026.110 82312 65817.0
Other countries in North and Central America1 2371 54424.81 055995-5.7
 
South America5 5075 5330.52 0932 33611.6
Brazil3 5083 7125.81 4761 72216.7
Chile570437-23.32372380.4
Peru674492-27.05246-11.5
Other countries in South America75589218.13283300.6
 
Africa3 4113 343-2.05 1484 122-19.9
Angola17318-89.61 178746-36.7
Botswana64448-92.5--.
South Africa57694764.42442596.1
Other countries in Africa2 0182 33015.53 7263 117-16.3
 
Oceania4164436.5778680-12.6
Australia26630313.9695606-12.8
New Zealand148139-6.16966-4.3
Other countries in Oceania21-50.0148-42.9

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
May 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total260 50617 5743 51815 70213 1582 50428 20136 607102 92639 859456
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)167 32911 2013 1556 43010 8611 19320 84926 76965 26321 170438
Nordic countries54 5933 7119483 1726 5707356 04610 30115 0527 648411
Developing countries47 0664 2791154 6064644261 6024 93116 23014 39815
Russia4 66737672381 0765804401 8413474-
India1 606340014011324381595220
Japan6 0413113202288254 555397-
China24 7323970109166413 05611 5668 9533
Singapore1 0737174494054139290119147
South Korea5 04115192101513434 374136-
United States15 802441891095671842 5847178 7532 3562
Canada5 94214254 07516605891726691250
Brazil3 71289902 586003911155184
South Africa947230214650083817186

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
May 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total354 75840 3323236 534204 59685222 20433 74136 0309 807339
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)286 30325 9411985 342187 47453313 41227 25520 5025 59154
Nordic countries47 5766 8511161 70718 1692233 6016 4348 1412 30330
Developing countries25 4196 018107923 9481125 4432 4565 3331 3060
Russia91451073101163182995693
India1 09311010828012672828558-
Japan3 8521 5941962125434540855116-
China6 9161 2356490139172 6214511 5903670
Singapore3 403356131 8292424105530153-
South Korea3 39790703014192344701 2053990
United States15 7032 78863434 5341571 3761 6793 9681 0940
Canada5 3573384103 7036113155860168-
Brazil1 72240612002432239429193-
South Africa25913701022925578-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
May 2016May 2017May 2016 - May 2017So far this yearMay 2016 - May 2017
May 2016May 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country30 56035 23915.3159 535169 7206.4
 
County of production1
Østfold1 1751 2819.06 7426 242-7.4
Akershus594419-29.53 0592 123-30.6
Oslo7281 05845.33 7453 8021.5
Hedmark30137725.21 5981 596-0.1
Oppland45664842.12 5142 78310.7
Buskerud1 0051 43342.65 2435 87612.1
Vestfold1 2201 53225.66 3648 94740.6
Telemark1 3941 92938.48 9028 618-3.2
Aust-Agder305292-4.31 5361 386-9.8
Vest-Agder2 2372 3274.011 09611 8386.7
Rogaland2 7733 23816.813 34616 08520.5
Hordaland4 6885 24611.922 71925 64412.9
Sogn og Fjordane8921 15329.34 9865 55011.3
Møre og Romsdal2 7653 60930.516 18716 2230.2
Sør-Trøndelag1 4361 4511.06 8537 88915.1
Nord-Trøndelag446429-3.82 2152 2742.7
Nordland2 0982 55721.99 94411 48615.5
Troms - Romsa57083546.53 2523 3743.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku4624834.52 6672 7503.1
Svalbard-0.230-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 1431 2216.85 6726 1969.2
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 1203 068-1.717 69916 216-8.4
County not stated755651-13.83 1742 820-11.2

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
May 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country35 2398 0637 4311 7164 99920 461
 
County of production1
Østfold1 2817832072994
Akershus419500160353
Oslo1 058354271994
Hedmark37711-1511215
Oppland6483-100634
Buskerud1 4332044-1 387
Vestfold1 53231-62669770
Telemark1 92918448211 843
Aust-Agder29227-18-248
Vest-Agder2 3278716-2 303
Rogaland3 2383312341491 2681 490
Hordaland5 2461 4381 4081702 4941 144
Sogn og Fjordane1 15343942428-685
Møre og Romsdal3 6091 6431 58215611 809
Sør-Trøndelag1 45194991945-458
Nord-Trøndelag42915214969-208
Nordland2 5571 1531 141124-1 280
Troms - Romsa8357517326-79
Finnmark - Finnmárku48338538233597
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 22145839423547454
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 0684655482 960
County not stated6515543491546

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - April 2017
Total201 3310.02.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)6 2540.0176.1
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms195 0770.00.0
 
0 Food and live animals13 6250.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0379-0.1-0.2
01 Meat and meat preparations476-0.1-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs3800.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof1 606-0.10.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations1 6140.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit4 2690.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey5150.00.7
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1 2810.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 7820.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 623-0.1-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco2 5980.00.0
11 Beverages1 7080.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures8890.10.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels11 8760.00.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw70.0-1.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits8180.00.0
23 Crude rubber370.0-0.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 4800.0-0.3
25 Pulp and waste paper1750.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste420.0-0.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 0390.00.3
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap7 274-0.10.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 0040.10.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials10 2431.64.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes6500.30.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products8 5071.85.5
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude6 2860.20.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured2183.03.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane1680.00.0
35 Electric current8670.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 9070.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats7470.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1 1060.10.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed540.0-0.4
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.21 856-0.1-0.1
51 Organic chemicals3 1580.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals1 530-0.1-0.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 0520.0-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8730.00.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc2 286-0.1-0.1
56 Fertilizers854-0.2-0.3
57 Plastics in primary forms1 567-0.3-0.5
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 792-0.1-0.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.3 7450.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material28 0850.0-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins1850.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.1 5560.0-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures2 5000.0-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof2 3940.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles2 444-0.1-0.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.2 8620.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel4 164-0.1-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals3 0500.0-0.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.8 930-0.1-0.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment79 080-0.24.9
71 Power generating machinery and equipment4 638-0.1-0.7
72 Machinery for special industries7 8120.00.0
73 Metal working machinery4380.0-0.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment9 667-0.4-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines5 044-0.5-0.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.7 3990.0-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus10 0030.0-0.1
78 Road vehicles23 9120.0-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships10 167-0.961.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles31 712-0.1-0.2
81 Prefabricated buildings.2 7050.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof5 159-0.1-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.520-0.10.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories6 5620.0-0.3
85 Footwear1 9580.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments5 3520.0-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods912-0.2-0.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s8 5440.0-0.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions3500.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind1060.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender30.01.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)2410.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - April 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total287 8330.0-1.1
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)77 9260.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)66 4620.0-10.1
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)1 9440.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)7 0190.2178.9
Mainland exports134 4820.0-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals32 3510.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03130.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations730.0-0.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs2720.00.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof30 4350.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations1070.1-0.1
05 Vegetables and fruit470.20.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey14-0.6-0.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1200.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)740-0.8-1.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products5290.0-0.3
 
1 Beverages and tobacco2420.0-0.2
11 Beverages2380.0-0.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures30.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 9810.0-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3220.10.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits20.00.0
23 Crude rubber190.0-0.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 0090.0-1.3
25 Pulp and waste paper9150.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste770.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 0480.10.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 4600.00.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1290.00.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials168 0210.0-4.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.05.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products93 3390.00.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude13 2630.10.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured73 1520.0-9.3
342 Liquefied propane and butane5 787-0.10.0
35 Electric current1 5300.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6890.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats3170.00.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1860.0-0.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1850.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.17 4640.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals5 1150.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals2 6060.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials5940.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 7950.00.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc4450.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms1 7880.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4820.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.4 640-0.1-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material26 3050.0-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins240.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.2620.0-0.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures504-0.1-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof1 6200.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5340.90.7
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.5630.00.0
67 Iron and steel4 7580.0-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals15 1200.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 9210.0-0.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment29 8100.017.6
71 Power generating machinery and equipment2 0730.0-2.3
72 Machinery for special industries3 295-0.3-0.5
73 Metal working machinery2280.00.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment5 377-0.5-0.6
75 Office machines, data processing machines7660.00.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.1 8210.00.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 800-0.1-0.4
78 Road vehicles2 3950.40.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships10 0560.283.6
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 719-0.1-0.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.508-1.0-1.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof939-0.2-1.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.290.0-0.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories252-0.1-0.4
85 Footwear46-0.3-1.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments3 3560.0-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods70-1.1-1.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 520-0.1-0.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions2520.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)2510.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact

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