288842
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
288842
statistikk
2017-12-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

4.2

billion NOK – trade deficit in November 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
November 2017October 2017 - November 2017November 2016 - November 2017November 2017November 2016 - November 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports75 3125.76.9764 37012.5
Crude oil17 31712.7-7.6188 77613.1
Natural gas18 3852.111.5177 20622.8
Natural gas condensates823190.8121.94 82030.4
Ships and oil platforms2712498.3-57.210 2267.7
Mainland exports38 0751.614.7383 3418.0
Fish8 737-1.1-0.784 4274.2
 
Imports79 50740.539.6620 71510.8
Ships and oil platforms231-86.5-99.411 364-38.8
 
The trade balance-4 194-128.6-131.0143 65520.8
The mainland trade balance-41 401-119.1-120.5-226 009-20.9

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
November 201554 21252 69951 1181 512-
December 201550 99750 87750 286121-
January 201643 65743 41648 846241-
February 201649 54249 15749 867385-
March 201650 53248 81449 2501 718-
April 201650 35049 68448 094666-
May 201649 66449 27948 752385-
June 201653 79551 00048 1512 796-
July 201645 89745 07450 555823-
August 201652 87350 93849 7911 935-
September 201654 25651 21449 0323 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 5671 599-
November 201656 94651 98347 7204 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 288835-
January 201751 37948 05451 1203 326-
February 201748 82547 20350 0981 622-
March 201757 16255 85750 1551 305-
April 201743 90343 88050 47623-
May 201759 78859 08656 069701-
June 201767 14265 63561 9251 508-
July 201746 99046 07251 629918-
August 201754 74653 14351 7481 602-
September 201754 68254 58454 82998-
October 201756 59056 36051 902230-
November 201779 50779 47673 40131-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
November 201567 22966 89263 44033 51233 266338-
December 201566 84165 93663 25734 42034 377905-
January 201660 66560 17959 17030 81532 058486-
February 201660 39460 26359 84532 28232 950130-
March 201661 91261 84957 93833 01731 90963-
April 201661 51760 87762 87732 86131 800640-
May 201658 22558 10460 14530 56031 194121-
June 201660 35958 80161 00834 77032 7901 558-
July 201659 27458 63761 08730 14932 296637-
August 201660 00359 20962 09731 36332 471795-
September 201657 47957 25559 30834 92633 644224-
October 201668 88065 70261 90730 84830 7943 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 21833 20331 3391 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 51232 20632 9122 704-
January 201776 58372 86671 95031 83732 7703 716-
February 201769 33667 25469 41731 81533 4772 082-
March 201776 24575 03470 15938 74634 2651 211-
April 201766 93866 91569 09131 99135 07923-
May 201767 83667 43869 78035 03234 853398-
June 201767 27266 46568 62937 19134 561807-
July 201761 86561 86564 72432 11235 254--
August 201766 60666 25569 35834 44835 324351-
September 201765 13864 33266 74434 63134 136806-
October 201771 23871 11966 89337 46335 975119-
November 201775 31274 60170 87538 07536 673712-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
November 201513 01814 192-19 187
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201725 20424 813-16 217
February 201720 51120 051-15 387
March 201719 08319 177-17 111
April 201723 03523 035-11 889
May 20178 0488 351-24 054
June 2017130831-28 444
July 201714 87515 793-13 960
August 201711 86113 111-18 696
September 201710 4569 748-19 953
October 201714 64814 758-18 897
November 2017-4 194-4 875-41 401

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
November 201533 37931 13813 86513 77619 03516 340480
December 201531 51628 95411 91212 02019 49115 935113
January 201629 36426 94412 13512 11116 66214 315567
February 201627 98227 87112 24312 96915 65914 34180
March 201628 83227 01412 18712 51216 25613 507389
April 201628 01628 39514 75114 15512 95513 582310
May 201627 54429 07415 56315 23611 85913 377123
June 201624 03127 49013 44914 55310 02512 783557
July 201628 48929 90517 34416 71710 73012 277415
August 201627 84629 53318 10716 9599 59612 072144
September 201622 32924 72914 14714 8987 8739 988309
October 201634 85432 43618 20317 67216 22015 031432
November 201635 59733 08818 74318 42916 48414 187371
December 201637 31534 37920 72420 86316 47013 483121
January 201741 02937 75621 03420 91619 56116 891434
February 201735 43835 33717 78418 88217 06415 562590
March 201736 28834 16017 16317 78118 63115 517493
April 201734 92435 14718 44117 63116 05616 795426
May 201732 40634 06817 64017 14114 46616 372300
June 201729 27533 54416 03817 28312 98116 670256
July 201729 75331 44814 79214 43614 46816 532494
August 201731 80733 74817 43316 36313 90217 366472
September 201729 70132 78315 76816 58313 68417 275249
October 201733 65631 30515 36614 98318 00716 703283
November 201736 52633 90817 31716 95818 38515 858823

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
November 2016November 2017November 2016 - November 2017So far this yearNovember 2016 - November 2017
November 2016November 2017
Total56 94679 50739.6560 221620 71510.8
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)4 96331-99.418 55411 364-38.8
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms51 98379 47652.9541 668609 35012.5
 
0 Food and live animals3 8014 18210.039 72439 8750.4
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03121961.615921233.4
01 Meat and meat preparations144107-25.91 5551 360-12.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs9510712.51 1421 1510.9
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof5755811.14 2394 158-1.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4334657.44 8044 784-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit9671 0245.911 00811 0330.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1621726.71 5751 548-1.7
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices386381-1.43 6663 7732.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)55973331.16 1736 4153.9
09 Miscellaneous edible products46859226.55 4035 4420.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9209978.48 1508 7777.7
11 Beverages55563314.25 4345 6504.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures366364-0.52 7163 12715.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 9123 85432.428 83834 88521.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-41.62315-35.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits2352589.71 7601 97512.2
23 Crude rubber6818.21201286.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork4094161.74 2424 4454.8
25 Pulp and waste paper404921.7509480-5.7
26 Textile fibres and their waste101217.31041105.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2292488.22 8342 672-5.7
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 7542 60548.516 68322 34133.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials22525714.42 5622 7206.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 6353 10617.920 16629 40245.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes14919328.91 5301 93526.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 1372 61022.116 43825 19853.3
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude1 9362 18713.012 86017 31034.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured7510742.0945831-12.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane558248.1820712-13.2
35 Electric current274198-27.91 2541 43914.8
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes52760815.46 4676 6422.7
41 Animal oils and fats213189-11.33 0472 603-14.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated30039632.23 2353 82618.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed142361.618621214.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 4286 34016.858 04163 4129.3
51 Organic chemicals640632-1.17 7868 1274.4
52 Inorganic chemicals4044316.74 3244 6918.5
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials26531217.93 1263 2804.9
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 4391 95435.714 62717 23617.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc62273418.06 6806 9413.9
56 Fertilizers23128824.22 5642 371-7.5
57 Plastics in primary forms3924279.04 2844 5175.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4625079.85 2545 3782.4
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9741 0568.59 39610 87115.7
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 18624 045234.679 923111 25839.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins405231.95105253.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4134539.74 8484 9201.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures6937041.56 8027 1224.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof6827205.67 0557 026-0.4
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles58264711.26 6687 0986.4
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8559136.88 5648 7812.5
67 Iron and steel1 0281 71566.912 86413 5655.4
68 Non-ferrous metals60587845.27 5898 82116.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 28917 962684.825 02253 399113.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment24 74827 1009.5225 392233 7473.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment59787646.78 57510 92027.4
72 Machinery for special industries1 7532 04116.423 14022 504-2.7
73 Metal working machinery146123-15.51 3211 3562.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 5532 7447.529 57528 003-5.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 6971 8418.515 05015 5023.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 7562 9306.321 75323 2907.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 9673 46616.828 80530 3665.4
78 Road vehicles6 2867 98026.963 00771 11212.9
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 0585 57137.338 95945 29916.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships5 9935 099-14.934 16530 693-10.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 6899 1755.692 50491 649-0.9
81 Prefabricated buildings.83893411.38 7198 571-1.7
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3001 43010.013 66414 2564.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.13315819.31 5031 6056.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 5331 75714.618 64519 1782.9
85 Footwear35841516.15 1535 1800.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 3201 3401.514 88514 530-2.4
88 Photographic and optical goods27230412.02 6572 8286.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 9362 837-3.427 27725 501-6.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions10099-1.11 0161 0685.2
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3935-11.6445383-13.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender30-86.4149-30.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)58649.955767621.3

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
November 2016November 2017November 2016 - November 2017So far this yearNovember 2016 - November 2017
November 2016November 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total70 46675 3126.9679 174764 37012.5
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)18 74317 317-7.6166 871188 77613.1
Natural gas (SITC 343)16 48418 38511.5144 317177 20622.8
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)371823121.83 6974 82030.4
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 665712-57.29 49710 2267.7
Mainland exports33 20338 07514.7354 793383 3418.0
 
0 Food and live animals9 2519 3090.686 71090 0563.9
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0375-25.46235-43.6
01 Meat and meat preparations243544.020926225.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6961-12.4727707-2.8
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof8 7968 737-0.780 99984 4274.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations323612.629334818.5
05 Vegetables and fruit2421-14.3232153-34.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey3568.27341-44.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices33330.132135711.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)15923950.42 3002 253-2.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products10313733.21 4941 473-1.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco93985.2928847-8.7
11 Beverages92964.7913838-8.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1171.1159-40.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 1851 65139.313 42115 16013.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw718012.1536529-1.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits01991.937130.1
23 Crude rubber22-4.3414716.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork21930539.02 8643 0285.7
25 Pulp and waste paper19529149.22 3482 64812.8
26 Textile fibres and their waste222932.02372453.6
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales27230311.23 4543 427-0.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap36559262.23 6214 84833.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials374728.331838220.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials38 75043 11311.3357 006432 90221.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes0095.75151-99.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products20 57022 3868.8195 738233 02319.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude1 4264 202194.724 63738 89357.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured17 74520 18513.7155 803194 58424.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane9371 58168.79 36414 90359.2
35 Electric current43454225.04 9495 2947.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes19522515.52 0061 972-1.7
41 Animal oils and fats8511636.2959954-0.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated56608.6482482-0.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed5549-9.7565536-5.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.3 9084 78022.345 50749 9729.8
51 Organic chemicals1 0341 39134.612 69414 47714.0
52 Inorganic chemicals56668320.66 8137 4469.3
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials12614917.91 4731 71216.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5686158.25 3875 6925.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1321320.41 2441 3165.8
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms38649327.74 7265 1488.9
58 Plastics in non-primary forms11616340.81 2051 50424.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9801 15417.711 96412 6786.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 0917 29519.867 04474 80411.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins99-3.47669-9.6
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6658-11.761871415.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures12214518.71 3251 45810.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4354380.84 8474 722-2.6
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles151144-4.31 4671 426-2.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1381476.31 4051 5369.3
67 Iron and steel1 0021 19619.411 24713 73622.1
68 Non-ferrous metals3 3184 36131.536 98543 37117.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.850796-6.39 0727 772-14.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment8 6486 767-21.882 22775 575-8.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment658600-8.86 5087 35813.1
72 Machinery for special industries9411 09616.511 9919 378-21.8
73 Metal working machinery48491.455075036.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 4131 191-15.718 72013 676-26.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines22731437.92 1042 35712.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.54261513.54 7145 69120.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 4981 106-26.213 22212 436-5.9
78 Road vehicles61670414.36 4836 9036.5
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 7041 091-59.617 93517 026-5.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 2702 001-11.823 59322 315-5.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.1271281.11 3211 3834.7
82 Furniture and parts thereof2792903.82 6462 562-3.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.6843.28786-1.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories729836.869084222.0
85 Footwear13133.61251293.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 072786-26.712 0749 482-21.5
88 Photographic and optical goods263427.4254235-7.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s675643-4.66 3957 59618.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions7573-3.17317664.7
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind01.041 347.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20-82.7152-86.2
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7371-3.37167606.1

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
November 2016November 2017November 2016November 2017
Total560 221620 71510.8679 174764 37012.5
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries113 317122 7358.385 960103 92620.9
EFTA8 5359 93916.47 3857 120-3.6
EU348 250369 2186.0529 645612 91615.7
OECD428 019478 89611.9589 728680 96615.5
Developing countries108 312115 0396.262 86056 721-9.8
LDC - least developed countries3 5833 513-2.05 0252 687-46.5
 
Continents and countries
Europe373 749399 3036.8545 736631 69015.8
Belgium10 0689 688-3.829 41436 25023.2
Denmark30 74633 92110.328 29135 65126.0
Estonia4 4385 02313.21 0941 39727.7
Finland13 47613 7792.29 33911 51023.2
France18 61619 0462.345 54647 5944.5
Greece53663318.11 0031 0090.6
Ireland3 9665 31233.910 6889 023-15.6
Iceland1 6622 71863.53 3534 22225.9
Italy16 95719 38414.38 61810 48721.7
Lithuania6 2106 84310.24 5925 93229.2
Netherlands22 40224 2368.270 26175 4937.4
Poland19 68921 2077.716 00317 4499.0
Portugal2 4032 273-5.44 4514 5331.8
Romania2 6852 233-16.871882314.6
Russia8 70911 55232.62 0351 967-3.3
Slovakia2 8893 0475.5301299-0.7
Spain12 58811 873-5.711 85317 11244.4
United Kingdom28 35630 0676.0137 026162 19818.4
Switzerland6 8097 1645.24 0282 885-28.4
Sweden66 74371 5897.344 12951 64017.0
Czech Republic6 2836 6395.71 7211 8346.6
Turkey6 1326 3363.33 7546 16864.3
Germany67 03369 7984.198 847116 99618.4
Hungary2 4732 4930.875283210.6
Austria4 1124 64212.91 6911 97917.0
Other countires in Europe7 7687 8070.56 2286 4072.9
 
Asia116 971141 10320.665 56165 520-0.1
Hong Kong72491326.11 5421 395-9.5
India3 2653 65511.91 9642 17810.9
Japan13 42713 014-3.19 4128 928-5.1
China60 89460 9130.018 20915 489-14.9
Malaysia2 1393 07543.81 3552 01148.4
Singapore2 7082 8214.27 1779 06026.2
South Korea16 58135 468113.99 6267 614-20.9
Taiwan3 7353 9084.61 5331 5853.4
Thailand3 1555 57576.72 1472 3479.3
Vietnam3 0304 09235.02 3632 87821.8
Other countires in Asia7 3137 6694.910 23312 03517.6
 
North and Central America48 33958 24220.543 47148 85412.4
Canada9 60812 67331.97 5639 31023.1
United States35 74142 19918.127 93535 52827.2
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 9903 37012.77 9734 016-62.1
 
South America12 88213 4934.75 9845 264-12.0
Brazil8 3019 16410.43 7833 8211.0
Chile1 054895-15.11 044560-46.4
Peru1 7791 455-18.28010126.3
Other countries in South-America1 7481 97913.21 077782-27.4
 
Africa7 1967 2941.415 88211 299-28.9
Angola42648-88.73 6811 177-68.0
Botswana1 140157-86.21--100.0
South Africa1 6962 17628.31 409563-60.0
Other countires in Africa3 9344 91324.910 7919 559-11.4
 
Oceania1 0851 28018.02 5401 743-31.4
Australia59491554.01 4691 4770.5
New Zealand376361-4.0327223-31.8
Other countires in Oceania1154-96.574443-94.2

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
November 2016November 2017November 2016November 2017
Total541 668609 35012.5354 793383 3418.0
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries113 020121 8567.865 52473 79412.6
EFTA8 4859 0767.06 5367 0598.0
EU346 028365 8965.7226 197250 49110.7
OECD413 796469 27513.4278 697306 81910.1
Developing countries103 269112 8959.357 12354 109-5.3
LDC - least developed countries3 5833 513-2.04 8382 560-47.1
 
Continents and countries
Europe370 073393 9976.5242 058268 07710.7
Belgium10 0689 688-3.810 76413 51025.5
Denmark30 67433 91610.620 64122 2607.8
Estonia4 4385 02313.21 0941 39727.7
Finland13 47013 7752.36 7746 9783.0
France18 57719 0462.514 74813 014-11.8
Greece53663318.19139595.0
Ireland3 9635 28133.33 5253 5811.6
Iceland1 6121 85515.13 1214 16233.4
Italy16 95317 0690.77 2788 01010.1
Lithuania6 2106 84110.23 2763 82116.6
Netherlands22 00724 1519.731 39237 55919.6
Poland19 34821 1389.315 75716 2683.2
Portugal2 4032 273-5.44 0444 4439.9
Romania2 6252 233-14.971882314.6
Russia8 61611 55234.11 9511 9660.8
Slovakia2 8893 0475.5301299-0.7
Spain11 52011 8562.98 8749 5818.0
United Kingdom28 25629 9476.027 29932 47218.9
Switzerland6 8097 1645.23 4122 885-15.4
Sweden66 71771 5827.334 31139 72715.8
Czech Republic6 2836 6395.71 7211 8346.6
Turkey4 8955 2166.63 7175 19139.7
Germany66 98769 1313.228 00828 8853.1
Hungary2 4732 4930.875283210.6
Austria4 1124 64212.91 6911 97917.0
Other countries in Europe7 6327 8062.35 9765 641-5.6
 
Asia102 498135 31732.062 82763 1470.5
Hong Kong72491326.11 4101 395-1.1
India3 2653 65511.91 6621 92916.1
Japan13 42712 514-6.89 4128 928-5.1
China57 27260 5865.817 29015 414-10.9
Malaysia2 1393 07543.81 3552 01148.4
Singapore2 6932 127-21.07 0698 06814.1
South Korea5 74631 650450.89 3787 101-24.3
Taiwan3 7353 9084.61 4981 5855.8
Thailand3 1555 57576.72 1472 2213.4
Vietnam3 0303 66721.02 3632 87821.8
Other countries in Asia7 3127 6474.69 24311 61725.7
 
North and Central America48 04557 99120.729 10634 20717.5
Canada9 60812 67331.93 2694 22929.4
United States35 74142 19918.123 60827 71017.4
Other countries in North and Central America2 6963 11915.72 2292 2681.7
 
South America12 88213 4934.75 1325 2642.6
Brazil8 3019 16410.43 6393 8215.0
Chile1 054895-15.1698560-19.8
Peru1 7791 455-18.28010126.3
Other countries in South America1 7481 97913.27157829.4
 
Africa7 1967 2741.113 99010 925-21.9
Angola42648-88.73 6811 177-68.0
Botswana1 140157-86.21--100.0
South Africa1 6962 17628.3582563-3.3
Other countries in Africa3 9344 89324.49 7269 185-5.6
 
Oceania9741 27831.21 6801 7212.4
Australia59491554.01 4691 4770.5
New Zealand376361-4.018722319.3
Other countries in Oceania42-50.02421-12.5

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
November 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total620 71539 8758 77734 88529 4026 64263 412111 258233 74791 6491 068
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)369 21825 1757 95213 98522 8283 00046 93660 395139 21648 7111 021
Nordic countries122 7359 6512 2457 02213 6671 83913 19023 69833 13317 333957
Developing countries115 0399 77227210 1841 3431 4073 68114 33440 54733 46137
Russia11 552803155003 2101 4678784 4158617913
India3 655745133023451 0213401 1690
Japan13 0147348505122 4789 0199159
China60 9138821235291 5286 88029 85421 51311
Singapore2 82119218549619021021 339271169
South Korea35 4682742461535825 3949 286354127
United States42 1991 0242052451 8103756 1561 53125 9104 9394
Canada12 673308129 21317008883271 4093442
Brazil9 1642 61406 0530092187175358
South Africa2 1763734693500352455141414

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
November 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total764 37090 05684715 160432 9021 97249 97274 80475 57522 315766
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)612 91658 29055112 251394 5651 22530 10960 10043 13712 526163
Nordic countries103 92615 4323223 73341 6655038 06714 09314 8475 22637
Developing countries56 72113 439231 7118 90825012 2715 09012 3322 6980
Russia1 9671211208403165875691573 851
India2 178210214403156659528691-
Japan8 9283 9362234782111 0051 0951 633230-
China15 4893 053101 021555335 6791 1403 1718270
Singapore9 060733144 38849481952 277509-
South Korea7 6142 196185654195699132 3788010
United States35 5285 61212925011 9823452 9434 5867 0092 6710
Canada9 31077013796 087192225301 306284-
Brazil3 821924234061 118535948252-
South Africa5632670415624615918-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
November 2016November 2017November 2016 - November 2017So far this yearNovember 2016 - November 2017
November 2016November 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country33 20338 07514.7354 793383 3418.0
 
County of production1
Østfold1 8221 414-22.414 73015 6606.3
Akershus5225220.06 0854 955-18.6
Oslo704684-2.87 8787 9370.7
Hedmark30836016.93 5253 6443.4
Oppland57666415.35 7086 48013.5
Buskerud1 042995-4.512 03812 8516.8
Vestfold9931 44145.113 95518 64133.6
Telemark1 1421 86563.317 13519 17211.9
Aust-Agder330259-21.53 2362 848-12.0
Vest-Agder2 4232 83016.825 08426 4535.5
Rogaland3 2633 3041.329 45333 95815.3
Hordaland4 0595 99347.651 14360 85919.0
Sogn og Fjordane1 5691 393-11.212 27613 0826.6
Møre og Romsdal3 2573 87719.036 26936 5170.7
Sør-Trøndelag1 4381 73120.415 42317 82315.6
Nord-Trøndelag5756045.06 5375 388-17.6
Nordland2 2972 3693.123 70125 1976.3
Troms - Romsa7728175.87 0368 14015.7
Finnmark - Finnmárku6456541.45 1915 6037.9
Svalbard-0.5150-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 3541 3761.613 09914 56811.2
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 4974 33924.138 76737 411-3.5
County not stated617585-5.26 0096 1532.4

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
November 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country38 0759 4068 7371 8766 58820 204
 
County of production1
Østfold1 41499524601 069
Akershus522651120444
Oslo684384321613
Hedmark36015-1470198
Oppland6643-171642
Buskerud99520740919
Vestfold1 44140169522811
Telemark1 86519440161 790
Aust-Agder25927-220210
Vest-Agder2 83013135402 762
Rogaland3 3045204321781 4021 205
Hordaland5 9931 1731 1312023 2461 373
Sogn og Fjordane1 39356255630-800
Møre og Romsdal3 8772 1412 08314011 595
Sør-Trøndelag1 7311 2031 18142-486
Nord-Trøndelag60431931660-225
Nordland2 3691 2151 2038001 074
Troms - Romsa8177397167-71
Finnmark - Finnmárku65454253932755
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 37650344129254238
Re-exports of goods produced abroad24 3399139707803 398
County not stated5857671320476

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - October 2017
Total541 2080.01.4
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)11 333-0.2209.9
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms529 8740.00.0
 
0 Food and live animals35 6930.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031930.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1 253-0.1-0.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 0440.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof3 5770.0-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4 3190.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit10 0090.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 3760.00.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 3920.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)5 6820.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products4 8500.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7 7800.00.0
11 Beverages5 0160.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 7640.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels31 0300.00.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw140.0-1.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 7170.0-0.1
23 Crude rubber1200.0-0.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 0290.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper4310.0-0.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste970.0-0.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 4240.00.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap19 7360.10.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 4630.0-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials26 2961.85.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 7420.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products22 5882.16.7
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude15 1230.00.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured7240.00.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane6300.00.0
35 Electric current1 2410.00.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6 0340.0-0.5
41 Animal oils and fats2 414-0.1-1.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 4300.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1890.0-0.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.57 0720.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals7 4950.30.5
52 Inorganic chemicals4 2600.0-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2 9680.0-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products15 2820.00.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6 2070.0-0.3
56 Fertilizers2 0840.20.9
57 Plastics in primary forms4 0900.0-0.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4 8710.0-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9 815-0.3-0.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material87 2130.0-0.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4730.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4 467-0.1-0.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures6 4180.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof6 3070.0-0.2
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6 4510.0-0.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.7 8680.0-0.4
67 Iron and steel11 8500.0-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals7 9430.0-0.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.35 4370.0-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment206 647-0.13.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 044-2.4-4.0
72 Machinery for special industries20 4640.0-0.2
73 Metal working machinery1 2330.0-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment25 2590.0-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines13 6610.0-0.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.20 3610.0-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus26 9000.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles63 1330.0-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships25 593-0.141.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles82 4730.0-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.7 6370.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof12 8260.0-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 4470.0-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories17 4210.0-0.2
85 Footwear4 7650.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 190-0.1-0.6
88 Photographic and optical goods2 5240.0-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s22 6650.0-0.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions9690.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3490.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender90.00.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6120.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - October 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total689 0580.00.6
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)171 4590.0-2.5
Natural gas (SITC 343)158 8210.02.3
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)3 9970.03.4
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)9 514-0.2114.2
Mainland exports345 2670.0-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals80 7470.0-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03305.25.1
01 Meat and meat preparations2270.0-1.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6460.00.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof75 6910.0-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3110.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit1320.2-0.4
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey360.0-0.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices323-0.1-0.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 0140.0-0.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3360.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7500.0-0.3
11 Beverages7420.0-0.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures80.00.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels13 5090.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw4490.00.6
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits50.00.0
23 Crude rubber450.0-0.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 7230.0-0.6
25 Pulp and waste paper2 3560.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste2170.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 1240.0-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 2550.0-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials335-0.8-0.6
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials389 7890.0-0.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.0-1.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products210 6370.0-2.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude34 6910.0-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured174 3990.02.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane13 3230.00.1
35 Electric current4 7520.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 747-0.7-0.9
41 Animal oils and fats8380.0-0.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated421-2.8-3.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed4870.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.45 1920.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals13 0860.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals6 7630.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 5630.0-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 0770.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 1840.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 6550.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 3400.0-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.11 5240.0-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material67 5090.00.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins600.0-0.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.656-0.1-2.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 3130.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 2840.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 2810.00.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 3890.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel12 5410.0-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals39 0090.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.6 9760.01.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment68 808-0.17.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6 758-0.1-4.4
72 Machinery for special industries8 2820.0-0.4
73 Metal working machinery7010.0-0.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment12 484-0.5-1.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 0440.0-0.8
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 076-0.1-0.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus11 3300.0-0.4
78 Road vehicles6 1990.0-0.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships15 934-0.149.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles20 3140.30.1
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 2550.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 2720.0-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.780.0-0.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7440.1-0.3
85 Footwear1150.0-0.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments8 6960.70.7
88 Photographic and optical goods2010.0-0.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 9530.0-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions6930.0-1.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind20.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6880.0-1.4

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

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