Reduced current account balance
The current account balance ended at NOK 25 billion in the 3rd quarter of 2016, down NOK 4 billion from the previous quarter. Net property income was positive, while the goods and services balance ended in deficit.
|3rd quarter 2015||4th quarter 2015||1st quarter 2016||2nd quarter 2016||3rd quarter 2016|
|Current account balance||62 542||52 851||46 124||28 496||24 898|
|Balance of goods and services||36 466||39 297||13 815||-1 040||-4 768|
|Balance of income and current transfers||26 076||13 554||32 309||29 536||29 666|
|Capital transfers to abroad, net||24||5||739||65||0|
|Net lending, current account||62 506||52 834||45 373||28 419||24 886|
|Direct investment||44 076||75 822||434||42 167||-1 961|
|Portofolio investment||108 873||44 224||-96 866||169 378||-40 047|
|Other investments||-97 825||-36 833||72 037||-50 539||67 394|
|Reserve assets (IMF breakdown)||-25 359||-34 793||45 234||-5 376||2 805|
|Net lending, financial account||29 765||48 420||20 839||155 630||28 191|
|Net errors and omissions||32 741||4 414||24 534||-127 211||-3 305|
Goods and services in deficit
Preliminary figures show that the total export of goods and services in the 3rd quarter of 2016 ended at NOK 256 billon, slightly above the previous quarter. The export value of goods was reduced by about NOK 3 billion to NOK 176 billion in the 3rd quarter. This was due to a fall in the export value of both oil and gas and other commodities. Preliminary calculations show that the export of services rose from the 2nd to the 3rd quarter, mostly due to the normal seasonal growth in non-residents’ travel expenditures in Norway.
The value of the import of goods and services in the 3rd quarter of 2016 ended at NOK 261 billion, representing a growth in nominal terms of NOK 4 billion compared to the 2nd quarter this year. The import of goods went down NOK 2 billion, while the import value of services rose more than NOK 6 billion, again due mostly to the normal seasonal growth in residents’ travel expenditures abroad.
For more information about export and import, including price and volume considerations and seasonal adjustments, please see the quarterly national accounts.
The total balance of goods and services is estimated to be almost NOK 5 billion in deficit, while revised figures for the second quarter show a deficit of NOK 1 billion. The last time Norway’s goods and services balance with the rest of the world was in deficit was in 1998.
Balance of income and current transfers dominating
The balance of income and current transfers ended at NOK 30 billion in the 3rd quarter of 2016, which is NOK 34 billion above the balance of goods and services. Also in the two previous quarters of 2016 the balance of income and current transfers exceeded the balance of goods and services. This is the result of a gradually weakened goods and services balance mostly due to lower oil and gas prices, combined with a strengthening of the balance of income and current transfers due to a rise in net property income on financial investments abroad.
Reduced investments in the financial account
The second quarter of 2016 shows a decline in investments on the asset side, with total net sales of financial assets amounting to NOK 69 billion. Also, the liability side shows total net sales of NOK 98 billion. For both sides, the decline in foreign direct investment and other investments was driven by different types of loans. Portfolio investment abroad went down due to the sale of debt securities.
For the current account: all figures in the current account have been revised for the two first quarters in 2016. For the financial account: the figures are revised dating back to the 1st quarter of 2015.