290236
/en/nasjonalregnskap-og-konjunkturer/statistikker/orgsat/aar
290236
statistikk
2017-10-12T08:00:00.000Z
National accounts and business cycles;Culture and recreation
en
orgsat, Satellite account for non-profit institutions, voluntary work, voluntary communal work, value added.Organisations and memberships, National accounts , Culture and recreation, National accounts and business cycles
true

Satellite account for non-profit institutions

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

43.6 %

organizations' share of income from private households

Main results - Non-profit institutions
201320142015
Output. NOK million97 122103 001107 385
Value added. NOK million50 88153 61656 645
Full-time equivalent persons (paid employees)84 31386 14187 204
Percentage of GDP
Value added as share of GDP. Percentage1.71.71.8
Value added as share of GDP Mainland Norway. Percentage2.12.12.2
Full-time equivalent persons (paid employees) as share of total full-time equivalent persons in Norway. Percentage3.53.63.6
Sources of income for non-profit institutions
Central government’s share of total funding. Percentage26.426.727.3
Local/municipal governments’ share of total funding. Percentage16.416.316.1
Households’ share of total funding. Percentage43.643.343.5
Other sources of funding. Share of total funding. Percentage13.513.713.2

About the statistics

The satellite account for non-profit institutions provides an overview of the sector and shows the organizations' contribution to the gross domestic product, how their activities are funded and the value of volunteer work.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Non-profit institutions are identified in the UN handbook based on a number of structural and operational criteria. Units that satisfy these criteria are included in the satellite account for non-profit institutions. In line with the handbook’s definitions, the sector for non-profit institutions consists of units that are:

1. Organisations

These units have a certain degree of internal organisational structure. The organisations’ activities, structure and objectives are fixed or laid down in the organisation’s articles of association. The criterion excludes temporary, informal gatherings and ad hoc groups. Informal activities may nevertheless be included even where the actual organisational structure has no legal status, but otherwise meets the requirement of a fixed internal organisational structure.

2. Not-for-profit and non-profit-distributing

The organisation does not conduct activities aimed primarily at generating profits, and does not pursue commercial interests. Any surplus must be transmitted back into the continued operation of the organisation and cannot be distributed to owners, members, the governing board or others.

3. Institutionally separate from the government

The organisation is not part of the general government and has no governmental authority. The organisation may, however, be mainly financed through public funds.

4. Self-governing

The unit exercises complete control over own activities. No other unit has effective control over the organisation. Organisations can be dissolved on their own initiative, and amend their articles of association and objectives.

5. Voluntary

Membership and participation, and contributions of money and time are not mandatory, statutory or compulsory.

For a more detailed definition, refer to the handbook (chapter 2E). This definition of non-profit institutions is somewhat wider and will include more units than what is presently defined under the non-profit institutions serving households sector in the national accounts.

The value of the non-market output in the satellite account is estimated from the costs, i.e. the sum of compensation of employees, intermediate consumption, consumption of fixed capital and possible net taxes on production.

The replacement cost value of volunteer work is the imputed value of voluntary, unpaid labour, see item 3.6.

See “Concepts and definitions in the national accounts" for definitions and explanations of concepts and variables used in the national accounts and the satellite accounts.

Standard classifications

The units included in the satellite account are not homogenous, and the UN has established a standard classification system in order to group them according to activity - ICNPO (International Classification of Non-Profit Organizations). The classification is based on the UN standard for industrial classification; ISIC rev.3, which the European industry standard NACE corresponds to.

INCPO consists of 12 main categories and 30 sub-groups. The criterion for separating non-profit institutions within this system is their main economic activity. By doing so, the intention is to identify groups with similar activities with regard to categories of goods and services that they offer. Minor adjustments have been made to the Norwegian satellite account in order to best reflect the Norwegian voluntary sector. The table below summarises the INCPO categories as they are used in the satellite account:

 

ICNPO-activity classification

International standard

Norwegian version

ICNPO-nr.

 

ICNPO-nr.

 

1.

Culture and recreation

1.

Culture and recreation

1 100

Culture and arts

1 100

Culture and arts

1 200

Sports

1 200

Sports

1 300

Other recreation and social clubs

1 300

Other recreation and social clubs

2.

Education and research

2.

Education and research

2 100

Primary and secondary education

2 100

Primary and secondary education

2 200

Higher education

2 200

Higher education

2 300

Other education

2 300

Other education

2 400

Research

2 400

Research

3.

Health

3.

Health

3 100

Hospitals and rehabilitation

3 900

 

 

Hospitals, rehabilitation, mental health and crisis intervention and other health services

 

3 300

Mental health and crisis intervention

3 400

Other health services

3 200

Nursing homes

3 200

Nursing homes

4.

Social services

4.

Social services

4 100

Social services

4 000

 

 

 

 

 

Social services including emergency, relief, income support and maintenance

- of this kindergartens

- of this child welfare

- of this substance abuse related services

4 200

Emergency and relief

4 300

 

Income support and maintenance

 

5.

Environment

5.

Environment

5 100

Environment

5 000

Environment and animal protection

 

5 200

Animal protection

6.

Development and housing

6.

Development and housing

6 100

Economic, social and community development

6 100

Economic, social and community development

6 200

Housing

6 200

Housing

6 300

Employment and training

   

7.

Law, advocacy and politics

7.

Law, advocacy and politics

7 100

Civil and advocacy organisations

7 900

Civil and advocacy organisations and law and legal services

7 200

Law and legal services

7 300

Political organisations

7 300

Political organisations

8.

Philanthropic intermediaries and voluntarism promotion

8.

Volunteer centres

8 100

Grant making foundations

 

 

In progress

8 200

Other philanthropic intermediaries and voluntarism promotion

8 200

Volunteer centres

9.

International

9.

International organisations

9 100

International activities

9 100

International organisations

10.

Religion

10.

Religion

10 100

Religious congregations and associations

10 100

Religious congregations and associations

11.

Business and professional associations, unions

11.

Business and professional associations, unions

11 100

Business associations

11 100

Business associations

11 200

Professional associations

11 200

Professional associations

11 300

Labour unions

11 300

Labour unions

12.

Not elsewhere classified

12.

Not elsewhere classified

12 100

Not elsewhere classified

12 100

Not icluded

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Satellite account for non-profit institutions
Topic: National accounts and business cycles

Responsible division

Division for National Accounts

Regional level

National level.

Frequency and timeliness

Final figures are published around two years after the end of the reference year, somewhat later than the final annual national accounts, which is published 23 months after the end of the year.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Not relevant

Background

Background and purpose

The establishment of a satellite account for non-profit institutions was proposed in St.meld. nr. 39 (2006-2007) "Frivillighet for alle" (in Norwegian only). The need for more insight into and focus on non-profit institutions in Norway motivated the proposal. The agents within non-profit institutions vary in size, from small teams and clubs to large, international organisations. Their activities cover a wide area, and through service production and considerable voluntary effort they contribute to fulfilling important objectives in the welfare society. It is therefore expedient to arrange basic statistics on the non-profit sector into a system and compile economic variables within an established national accounts framework.

The UN has developed a handbook ( Handbook on Non-Profit Institutions in the System of National Accounts ) that provides definitions and guidelines on how to treat non-profit institutions within the system of national accounts (1993 SNA). A satellite account offers the possibility of focusing on non-profit institutions in a more thorough and detailed manner than that possible within the standardised framework of the national accounts (1993 SNA). Amongst other things, a different classification of units is applied, and supplementary data otherwise not included in the national accounts is added. This refers primarily to the contribution of voluntary, unpaid labour which is not included in the GDP estimations.

The Norwegian satellite account for non-profit institutions is based on the UN handbook. This framework ensures the best possible comparison across time and between countries. Nevertheless, it is important to acknowledge that countries organise their welfare services differently. In some countries the hospitals will, for example, be part of the general government fiscal accounts, whereas in other countries they may be organised as non-profit activities. Different boundaries between general government and non-profit activities will thus affect the figures for non-profit institutions.

From 2011 this satellite account includes the organisations’ operational income and represents a complete accounting system for the non-profit institutions.

Development of the satellite account for non-profit institutions was financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Culture.

The satellite account based on the UN handbook was first published as an article in the Statistical Magazine in January 2010, using figures for 2006 and 2007. The continued management will be an integrated part of the national accounts, and will entail annual publication.

Users and applications

Figures from the Norwegian satellite account for non-profit institutions are used by the Norwegian Ministry of Culture, research institutions, non-profit institutions, media and individuals who are interested in analysing the structure and/or economic importance and development of non-profit institutions.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08.00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

By including voluntary, unpaid labour, the satellite account exceeds the boundaries of the ordinary national accounts, where voluntary labour is not valued. This means that only the value added of paid employment is directly comparable to the figures in the national accounts. Excluding voluntary, unpaid labour, the figures in the satellite account are an integrated part of the national accounts, and published satellite figures are therefore consistent with national accounts’ figures. The figures are also consistent with other accounts that are included in the national accounts, such as the health accounts, education statistics and culture statistics.

As mentioned in item 3.2, the satellite account is based on statistics from several sources, both internal and external to Statistics Norway. Due to different definitions, data management, etc. the published figures from the satellite account will not necessarily be consistent with published figures from the source statistics.

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not revelvant

Production

Population

The satellite account encompasses all institutions that satisfy the definition provided in the UN handbook, see item 4.1, and shall in theory cover all organisations that do not operate for profit.

We do not have complete data coverage for all units within the sector for non-profit institutions since this sector consists of many smaller agents that are not obliged to submit annual accounts. The estimation procedure in the national accounts still aims at including the whole population within each kind of activity. See "Dokumentasjon av satelittregnskapet for ideelle og frivillige organisasjoner" for documentation of the estimation method for non-profit institutions in the national accounts (in Norwegian only).

The accounts cover the organisations’ costs and present important economic variables such as production, value added and employment. From 2011 the account also covers the organisations’ operational income, showing how the organisations fund their production. Hence, funds for investment purposes and foreign aid are excluded.

Data sources and sampling

The satellite account for non-profit institutions is built up as a so-called satellite to the national accounts. This implies that the figures in the satellite account are consistent with the national accounts. Primarily, information already found in the national accounts is used, but there is also a need to collect relevant statistics from other sources in order to construct a more detailed classification of figures.

The most important sources for the satellite account are public accounts, including the health accounts, education statistics, accounting data for groups of organisations, structural statistics, and the funding of political parties. Furthermore, external data is gathered from the Norwegian Control Committee for Fundraising, the Norwegian Gaming and Foundation Authority and the Norwegian Federation of Co-operative Housing Associations, among others. All sources are processed in the national accounts and specially adapted in order to provide the necessary data to the satellite account.

Voluntary, unpaid labour is based on a survey that maps the extent of voluntary work in Norway. The questionnaire is designed based on a template provided by the UN handbook and is adapted for Norwegian conditions. The survey reveals, among other things, the share of the population that performs voluntary labour and how many hours they contribute with. The Institute for Social Research (ISF) develops and analyses the results, while Statistics Norway conducts the actual interviews. The ISF has mapped the voluntary activities for the years 1997, 2004 and 2009. For more information, see Sivesind (2007). Frivillig sektor i Norge 1997-2004 . ISF Rapport (2007:010) and Wollebæk, D. &; Sivesind, K. H. (2010). Fra folkebevegelse til filantropi? Frivillig innsats i Norge 1997-2009 . Rapport nr. 2010:3. Oslo: Centre for Research on Civil Society and Voluntary Sector.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The non-profit institutions satellite account is based on statistics collected by other divisions in Statistics Norway. There is no separate data collection for the compilation of the non-profit institutions satellite account. See item 3.2 for further details on data sources.

The non-profit institutions satellite account is based on information in the Norwegian national accounts, combined with additional data. The latter is processed in order to meet the requirements of the national accounts, and is critically evaluated and controlled when integrated into the national accounts.

Preliminary figures for the satellite account are revised until the final, annual national accounts are compiled, and the figures are therefore adjusted due to periodical revisions of relevant parts of the national accounts.

Excluding the ordinary publication cycle, the national accounts are also subject to main revisions where retrograde time series are revised. Such main revisions normally involve introduction of new definitions and classifications, usually based on new international guidelines. It is recommended that main revisions are conducted every five years.

The main part of the compilation of the satellite account consists of linking data to the national accounts. In some cases, external sources are necessary in order to identify details needed for the satellite account for non-profit institutions, e.g. when the national accounts lack access to data at a sufficiently detailed level. Statistics on political parties’ funding, data from the Register of Non-profit Organisations and other relevant information is used to conduct the necessary estimations and divisions at activity level. In cases of incomplete statistics, extrapolation methods, indirect calculations and, to a certain extent, assumptions and estimates are necessary.

All calculations on voluntary work are conducted by the Institute for Social Research (for the years 2004 and 2009) before the data is made accessible for use in the satellite account. In order to spread the voluntary labour across all the years included in the satellite account, we assume that the annual growth rate for voluntary full-time equivalent work is constant between the measuring points.

In the satellite account the value of voluntary, unpaid labour is estimated. This is done by assuming that the compensation of employees is the same as for paid labour within the respective activity categories.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

According to the Statistics Act § 2-6, information shall under no circumstances be published in such a way that it may be traced back to the supplier of any data or to any other identifiable individual. In accordance with Statistics Norway’s rules on confidentiality, at least three units must exist within an industry in order for the data to be published.

In cases where this is relevant to the satellite account for non-profit institutions, the figures are aggregated up to a higher level before publishing.

Comparability over time and space

One of the main purposes of satellite account for non-profit institutions is to provide a common framework for increased comparability of data over time and between countries. The figures for the satellite account for the period 2006 and onwards are compiled in accordance with international guidelines, and are therefore comparable with other countries that have established similar accounts.

 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The quality of the national accounts’ figures depends on a good and sufficient statistical basis. This also applies to the figures in the satellite account for non-profit institutions. In cases where the statistical basis is regarded as uncertain, this uncertainty will also prevail in the figures in the satellite account.

The national accounts and satellite account for non-profit institutions are based on many different statistical sources. These sources either contain data based on collected information from establishments, enterprises or households, or various administrative registers. The uncertainty relating to the national accounts’ figures will reflect the uncertainty found in the statistical sources and the estimation methods used. Several of the statistical sources that the national accounts is based on have a long processing time. Consequently, the preliminary figures are more uncertain than the final figures.

Since the system of national accounts is an integrated system involving many routines for consistency checks and balancing methods, the national accounts may help reduce some of the uncertainty found in the statistical sources. On the other hand, the national accounts require estimations of figures in areas where the statistical sources are unsatisfactory. In these cases, figures are compiled based on residual estimations, and are hence more subject to uncertainty. This also applies, to some extent, to the additional estimations used in the satellite account for non-profit institutions, see item 3.6 for further details.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact