290074
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
290074
statistikk
2017-07-14T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

756

million NOK was the trade deficit in June 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
June 2017May 2017 - June 2017June 2016 - June 2017June 2017June 2016 - June 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports66 250-0.89.8420 84215.9
Crude oil16 363-9.821.7112 42940.0
Natural gas11 843-9.818.191 4419.6
Natural gas condensates256-14.7-54.12 49923.3
Ships and oil platforms2545382.3-65.07 690156.5
Mainland exports37 2436.17.1206 7816.4
Fish7 4470.27.945 3109.3
 
Imports67 00611.924.6328 25410.3
Ships and oil platforms21 02146.1-63.57 97928.9
 
The trade balance-756-111.0-111.592 58841.3
The mainland trade balance-28 742-19.2-77.1-113 494-16.9

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201554 06453 00449 5131 060-
July 201544 60943 71744 548892-
August 201547 09346 28549 242808-
September 201553 28852 92349 565365-
October 201553 64953 20949 391440-
November 201554 21252 69951 3451 512-
December 201550 99750 87750 620121-
January 201643 65743 41649 044241-
February 201649 54249 15750 199385-
March 201650 53248 81449 2171 718-
April 201650 35049 68448 036666-
May 201649 66449 27948 984385-
June 201653 79551 00048 3642 796-
July 201645 89745 07449 599823-
August 201652 87350 93849 5591 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 6133 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 4231 599-
November 201656 94651 98348 0384 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 716835-
January 201751 41048 08551 3973 326-
February 201748 84147 21250 4471 628-
March 201757 17255 89050 2991 282-
April 201743 92843 90650 45922-
May 201759 89759 19856 759699-
June 201767 00665 98562 2241 021-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201570 45370 30473 83835 57033 496149-
July 201569 71968 75670 48733 66134 516964-
August 201567 65663 88467 46429 45532 6844473 326
September 201568 33668 33470 41135 61733 6383-
October 201573 82373 64868 85335 76834 070175-
November 201567 22966 89263 56733 51233 351338-
December 201566 84165 93663 27434 42034 388905-
January 201660 66560 17959 79330 81532 059486-
February 201660 39460 26359 87332 28232 955130-
March 201661 91261 84957 75033 01731 93863-
April 201661 51760 87763 20032 86131 793640-
May 201658 22558 10460 45030 56031 234121-
June 201660 35958 80161 28034 77032 8421 558-
July 201659 27458 63759 90830 14932 501637-
August 201660 00359 20962 56231 36332 502795-
September 201657 47957 25558 80934 92633 046224-
October 201668 88065 70261 40730 84830 8833 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 56133 20331 4231 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 56432 20632 9042 704-
January 201774 81571 09871 00231 86632 8263 716-
February 201769 76867 68669 90931 81633 4872 082-
March 201777 10675 89670 70638 76634 3121 210-
April 201766 11966 09668 61631 99635 15323-
May 201766 78466 67169 36135 09534 954113-
June 201766 25065 70568 18037 24334 628545-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201516 38917 300-17 434
July 201525 11125 039-10 056
August 201520 56317 599-16 831
September 201515 04915 411-17 306
October 201520 17420 439-17 441
November 201513 01814 192-19 187
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201723 40423 013-16 219
February 201720 92720 473-15 397
March 201719 93420 006-17 123
April 201722 19122 190-11 910
May 20176 8867 473-24 103
June 2017-756-280-28 742

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201534 73440 48019 28621 07715 01518 942433
July 201535 09536 06316 77515 34018 17420 659146
August 201534 42936 55716 32114 93417 72222 977386
September 201532 71736 69214 72716 32917 74223 327247
October 201537 88034 80418 09016 44719 33517 725455
November 201533 37931 25413 86514 05019 03516 084480
December 201531 51628 95411 91212 28819 49115 821113
January 201629 36426 98612 13512 43516 66214 363567
February 201627 98227 85212 24313 25015 65914 29980
March 201628 83226 92912 18712 64516 25613 391389
April 201628 01628 61214 75114 17212 95513 777310
May 201627 54429 27015 56315 23111 85913 486123
June 201624 03127 97113 44914 52510 02512 796557
July 201628 48929 31117 34415 77010 73012 187415
August 201627 84629 58118 10716 5759 59612 414144
September 201622 32924 74714 14715 5417 87310 272309
October 201634 85431 81418 20316 49916 22014 841432
November 201635 59733 34818 74319 08516 48413 859371
December 201637 31534 40320 72421 50716 47013 369121
January 201739 23336 21321 88222 41116 91614 659434
February 201735 87035 76518 60020 36916 68015 160590
March 201737 13034 85418 21619 09018 42015 204493
April 201734 10034 65619 22718 34614 44715 360426
May 201731 57633 49718 14017 59313 13615 000300
June 201728 46233 21016 36317 61611 84315 217256

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
June 2016June 2017June 2016 - June 2017So far this yearJune 2016 - June 2017
June 2016June 2017
Total53 79567 00624.6297 541328 25410.3
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)2 7961 021-63.56 1917 97928.9
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms51 00065 98529.4291 350320 2759.9
 
0 Food and live animals3 6853 542-3.921 78721 110-3.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031234192.68612748.4
01 Meat and meat preparations156136-12.7941794-15.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs124114-8.6661629-4.9
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof2993020.92 3482 201-6.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4214629.82 5862 521-2.5
05 Vegetables and fruit1 0881 004-7.76 7246 570-2.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey129122-5.3824766-7.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices29132812.51 9081 9371.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)642585-9.02 9773 0010.8
09 Miscellaneous edible products524456-12.92 7322 564-6.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8449016.74 2864 4193.1
11 Beverages5725893.02 9372 904-1.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures27231214.51 3491 51512.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 5093 27030.315 47518 98422.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw22-1.71410-31.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits15016711.29411 15823.0
23 Crude rubber1311-9.367716.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork4544662.72 3442 4203.3
25 Pulp and waste paper5834-41.6301270-10.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste99-0.25958-2.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales266219-17.61 6611 508-9.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 3402 12458.58 53411 87539.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2182389.11 5531 6143.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials1 6462 53954.29 27915 79670.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes13120456.58411 05325.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products1 4432 24255.47 21613 39285.6
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude9801 31734.35 4289 06567.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured335773.7522329-36.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane314548.3492256-47.8
35 Electric current4035-11.97011 02345.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6056090.72 9633 1125.1
41 Animal oils and fats302203-32.81 3621 216-10.8
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated28638935.81 5241 80718.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed17172.5779016.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 4986 09110.831 51434 3108.9
51 Organic chemicals61168612.33 9854 59015.2
52 Inorganic chemicals40449221.72 4762 6025.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials330313-4.91 7031 689-0.8
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 5361 70010.77 9289 16915.7
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc638632-0.93 5813 561-0.6
56 Fertilizers204193-5.01 5331 297-15.4
57 Plastics in primary forms432425-1.52 3882 4452.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms53259010.92 9852 955-1.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8111 05830.44 9366 00421.6
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 74017 745129.343 83554 32423.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins36397.5297286-3.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4364667.02 4792 430-2.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures672661-1.73 6513 8545.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof658639-2.83 8453 681-4.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6356593.73 7013 8443.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.841829-1.44 5974 5960.0
67 Iron and steel1 3441 243-7.57 1346 810-4.5
68 Non-ferrous metals73285316.64 3454 7679.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 38612 355417.913 78624 05774.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment23 10524 2645.0118 258127 8398.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8781 37856.95 0557 25343.5
72 Machinery for special industries2 4492 235-8.713 34512 718-4.7
73 Metal working machinery11818758.46917539.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 9192 835-2.916 97915 407-9.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 4391 365-5.17 8957 797-1.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 3322 320-0.510 73012 02612.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 6662 8406.515 44415 8562.7
78 Road vehicles6 1026 5507.334 10437 81910.9
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 5004 14318.420 34323 01013.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships4 2014 5538.414 01418 21230.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 0527 919-1.749 61947 776-3.7
81 Prefabricated buildings.942753-20.14 5254 197-7.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2651 3133.87 6357 8953.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1521551.97958253.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 1961 33411.69 1479 2611.2
85 Footwear3443789.92 6852 6860.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4651 4770.88 3998 186-2.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2732812.71 4271 4642.5
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 4142 227-7.815 00513 262-11.6
 
9 Commodities and transactions11112714.952558311.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind5245-13.8219185-15.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender12294.596-36.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)588037.829739231.9

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
June 2016June 2017June 2016 - June 2017So far this yearJune 2016 - June 2017
June 2016June 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total60 35966 2509.8363 072420 84215.9
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)13 44916 36321.780 328112 42940.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)10 02511 84318.183 41591 4419.6
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)557256-54.02 0262 49923.3
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 558545-65.02 9987 690156.5
Mainland exports34 77037 2437.1194 305206 7816.4
 
0 Food and live animals7 4358 0257.944 38448 3538.9
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0332-33.62517-31.5
01 Meat and meat preparations182435.510411814.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs58649.93693967.3
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof6 9037 4477.941 45045 3109.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations253642.215718216.1
05 Vegetables and fruit2516-35.314677-47.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey124-65.24621-53.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3835-8.816819516.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)19622213.21 0891 21811.9
09 Miscellaneous edible products15717511.5831818-1.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco86893.8487412-15.4
11 Beverages83885.4479408-15.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures21-58.184-44.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 3641 60117.47 5118 1348.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw192219.0383363-5.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits01399.013181.6
23 Crude rubber33-6.52726-0.1
24 Wood, lumber and cork350335-4.41 6721 642-1.8
25 Pulp and waste paper19926935.01 2751 45914.4
26 Textile fibres and their waste23256.2127127-0.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales354327-7.71 9471 725-11.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap38858350.41 9072 58735.7
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials273733.917320317.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials28 51234 97222.7189 635239 56826.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00205.6231-97.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products16 65121 10326.796 979135 82540.1
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude2 5764 43572.114 29620 61444.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured11 23313 37419.189 945101 24412.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 0081 29228.25 5498 36450.7
35 Electric current627495-21.02 6882 499-7.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1942055.81 0961 057-3.6
41 Animal oils and fats9312535.15145190.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3829-23.7265245-7.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed6351-19.1317293-7.6
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 2894 4904.725 88826 6943.1
51 Organic chemicals1 3071 3462.97 2537 8107.7
52 Inorganic chemicals63671812.83 9854 0230.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1511510.18519177.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products560496-11.42 9732 867-3.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1181244.86666832.6
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms42548213.62 6012 7967.5
58 Plastics in non-primary forms11414023.560979029.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9781 0335.66 9496 807-2.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 6287 1568.036 72341 01111.7
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins6941.94538-15.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.469297.732341127.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures12914613.57447845.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4444480.72 6612 540-4.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles144139-3.6831808-2.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.158156-1.376687414.1
67 Iron and steel1 1581 27910.46 2777 63721.7
68 Non-ferrous metals3 3964 11821.320 10723 57317.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.1 145770-32.84 9694 346-12.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment9 3137 126-23.543 29842 879-1.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6236524.63 5413 253-8.1
72 Machinery for special industries1 550837-46.07 2175 073-29.7
73 Metal working machinery498370.732335811.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 5141 368-45.610 7658 265-23.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines20124521.51 1751 1860.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.57676933.62 6103 09218.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 0701 059-1.07 0685 874-16.9
78 Road vehicles62275921.93 6873 7682.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 1071 354-35.86 91212 01073.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 4732 5402.713 67312 351-9.7
81 Prefabricated buildings.147146-0.869877811.5
82 Furniture and parts thereof290256-11.81 5681 445-7.9
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.11123.65350-4.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories70746.334038412.8
85 Footwear76-17.057616.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 396932-33.37 3235 287-27.8
88 Photographic and optical goods24266.9127116-8.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s5261 088106.73 5084 23020.6
 
9 Commodities and transactions6546-30.03753852.5
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.002 600.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-84.991-89.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6546-29.23663844.9

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2016June 2017June 2016June 2017
Total297 541328 25410.3363 072420 84215.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries61 48766 4978.146 17857 37024.2
EFTA4 7495 2219.93 5733 6050.9
EU189 674202 1916.6285 876337 56418.1
OECD227 545257 48513.2316 957375 29418.4
Developing countries56 48156 8960.732 13031 194-2.9
LDC - least developed countries1 7711 749-1.22 3711 854-21.8
 
Continents and countries
Europe203 384217 2236.8293 223347 94518.7
Belgium5 1725 150-0.417 44119 1239.6
Denmark16 08518 78716.814 55320 06537.9
Estonia2 3142 64014.157878435.6
Finland7 4157 387-0.45 0836 29223.8
France10 5579 928-6.024 51423 821-2.8
Greece323283-12.46216240.5
Ireland2 1483 00239.85 2195 187-0.6
Iceland9131 50264.51 8322 19619.9
Italy9 64811 43818.64 3805 68529.8
Lithuania3 2493 61611.32 5893 36029.8
Netherlands11 35413 08015.236 76844 46920.9
Poland10 78811 3545.28 1959 08810.9
Portugal1 2161 2553.22 8612 632-8.0
Romania1 5161 260-16.9404360-10.9
Russia4 7835 69419.07241 08249.4
Slovakia1 3541 57416.215619122.4
Spain7 5317 001-7.06 8979 41536.5
United Kingdom15 89417 3189.072 22594 90831.4
Switzerland3 8023 688-3.01 7381 398-19.6
Sweden36 60838 4605.124 19928 16916.4
Czech Republic3 3863 5976.29501 0409.5
Turkey2 9303 0514.11 9593 64386.0
Germany36 43638 2715.055 34059 4207.4
Hungary1 3721 3780.441150121.9
Austria2 3162 65614.79029606.4
Other countires in Europe4 2743 853-9.92 6843 53231.6
 
Asia57 90868 83918.936 17835 208-2.7
Hong Kong35645527.8916728-20.5
India1 7361 91610.41 1601 2154.7
Japan7 5027 234-3.64 4584 5121.2
China31 37130 024-4.310 3618 823-14.8
Malaysia1 1991 2554.78061 08634.7
Singapore1 5441 180-23.65 0734 474-11.8
South Korea4 97916 124223.85 0683 991-21.3
Taiwan2 1142 1501.78671 01517.1
Thailand1 5831 87518.49781 17820.4
Vietnam1 6772 38242.01 2661 68833.3
Other countires in Asia3 8474 24410.35 2256 49824.4
 
North and Central America24 77130 82724.422 01428 12027.7
Canada4 9827 08642.23 5866 26274.6
United States18 09721 82820.615 38519 39326.1
Other countries in North- and Central-America1 6921 91313.13 0432 465-60.2
 
South America6 8556 8800.43 2072 926-8.8
Brazil4 4044 6154.81 9912 1085.9
Chile641515-19.7662327-50.6
Peru871617-29.25449-9.3
Other countries in South-America9391 13320.7500442-11.6
 
Africa4 1123 922-4.66 8215 786-15.2
Angola17719-89.32 033909-55.3
Botswana70666-90.70-.
South Africa7861 10740.82893003.8
Other countires in Africa2 4432 73011.74 4994 5771.7
 
Oceania51156410.41 630856-47.5
Australia30637422.2847728-14.0
New Zealand201187-7.0829718.3
Other countires in Oceania43-25.070131-95.6

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2016June 2017June 2016June 2017
Total291 350320 2759.9194 305206 7816.4
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries61 34665 8137.336 28640 42611.4
EFTA4 7144 542-3.63 4863 5521.9
EU188 436199 2925.8125 141134 2607.3
OECD224 099250 00011.6153 742165 1227.4
Developing countries53 81056 2184.529 46629 7731.0
LDC - least developed countries1 7711 749-1.22 3411 727-26.2
 
Continents and countries
Europe201 838213 4515.8132 900143 5938.0
Belgium5 1725 150-0.46 1297 20317.5
Denmark16 07718 78516.811 32112 1107.0
Estonia2 3142 64014.157878435.6
Finland7 4157 387-0.43 8803 810-1.8
France10 5239 928-5.78 3826 817-18.7
Greece323283-12.45315748.1
Ireland2 1453 00240.02 1181 777-16.1
Iceland879824-6.31 7452 14322.8
Italy9 6449 124-5.44 1064 4678.8
Lithuania3 2493 61611.31 6332 06926.7
Netherlands10 99313 08019.017 70520 09013.5
Poland10 78211 3365.18 1958 3882.4
Portugal1 2161 2553.22 4542 6327.3
Romania1 5161 260-16.9404360-10.9
Russia4 7835 69419.07241 08149.3
Slovakia1 3541 57416.215619122.4
Spain6 8076 9842.65 0355 1792.9
United Kingdom15 86517 1998.415 19917 19213.1
Switzerland3 8023 688-3.01 7381 398-19.6
Sweden36 58438 4565.118 96921 95115.7
Czech Republic3 3863 5976.29501 0409.5
Turkey2 7302 8554.61 9232 79645.4
Germany36 42537 8473.915 11415 1950.5
Hungary1 3721 3780.441150121.9
Austria2 3162 65614.79029606.4
Other countries in Europe4 1663 853-7.52 5982 88511.0
 
Asia53 41464 68921.134 75834 8760.3
Hong Kong35645527.8783728-7.0
India1 7361 91610.49281 08917.3
Japan7 5026 735-10.24 4584 5121.2
China28 90030 0243.99 8378 748-11.1
Malaysia1 1991 2554.78061 08634.7
Singapore1 5281 167-23.64 9824 474-10.2
South Korea2 97212 912334.55 0683 991-21.3
Taiwan2 1142 1501.78671 01517.1
Thailand1 5831 87518.49781 17820.4
Vietnam1 6771 95716.71 2661 68833.3
Other countries in Asia3 8474 24310.34 7856 36733.1
 
North and Central America24 62030 79225.116 37719 11216.7
Canada4 9827 08642.21 8832 22718.3
United States18 09721 82820.613 15515 66919.1
Other countries in North and Central America1 5411 87821.91 3391 216-9.2
 
South America6 8556 8800.42 7422 9266.7
Brazil4 4044 6154.81 8472 10814.1
Chile641515-19.7419327-22.0
Peru871617-29.25449-9.3
Other countries in South America9391 13320.74224424.7
 
Africa4 1123 902-5.16 5825 441-17.3
Angola17719-89.32 033909-55.3
Botswana70666-90.70-.
South Africa7861 10740.82893003.8
Other countries in Africa2 4432 71010.94 2604 232-0.7
 
Oceania51156210.0946834-11.8
Australia30637422.2847728-14.0
New Zealand201187-7.0829718.3
Other countries in Oceania41-75.0179-47.1

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
June 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total328 25421 1104 41918 98415 7963 11234 31054 324127 83947 776583
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)202 19113 3583 9707 77912 6821 46825 54832 78178 46825 578559
Nordic countries66 4974 6231 1673 8207 4818947 39112 59718 7879 217520
Developing countries56 8965 2111495 4426555231 9226 05119 93616 98918
Russia5 69444582881 2777675072 2694589-
India1 916411016011595181926180
Japan7 2343524302801 1165 307487-
China30 0244900125267723 66114 35610 6075
Singapore1 1808196494155853324139163
South Korea16 124172113112079 6766 023174-
United States21 8285211101329881963 14487113 0352 8283
Canada7 08616565 04516706381807271552
Brazil4 6151 09403 240004212885225
South Africa1 1072462646900137526397

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
June 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total420 84248 3534128 134239 5681 05726 69441 01142 87912 351385
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)337 56431 4102556 566218 30364916 01933 13224 2786 89558
Nordic countries57 3708 3881522 06922 2582624 2797 8249 2972 80833
Developing countries31 1947 089139725 2391416 6482 8056 7711 5170
Russia1 08260084101483693447593
India1 21512012628013113259564-
Japan4 5121 88411242125495663992136-
China8 8231 4217600554213 2065222 0324600
Singapore4 474420132 5983520113625191-
South Korea3 9911 076040141102775611 4234630
United States19 3933 284761255 8751981 6372 2214 5651 4130
Canada6 2624105344 3277138188970184-
Brazil2 10845522303589298539198-
South Africa30015601133529669-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2016June 2017June 2016 - June 2017So far this yearJune 2016 - June 2017
June 2016June 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country34 77037 2437.1194 305206 7816.4
 
County of production1
Østfold1 2581 2781.68 0007 519-6.0
Akershus618540-12.63 6782 661-27.7
Oslo74191823.94 4864 477-0.2
Hedmark3843881.01 9821 9820.0
Oppland58669518.63 1003 47812.2
Buskerud1 5351 75214.16 7777 62612.5
Vestfold1 5371 98929.47 90110 93438.4
Telemark1 4741 5817.310 37610 203-1.7
Aust-Agder318242-23.91 8551 624-12.5
Vest-Agder2 4112 5114.113 50714 4777.2
Rogaland2 9572 9620.216 30319 03916.8
Hordaland5 7646 68315.928 48332 32313.5
Sogn og Fjordane1 0301 21518.06 0166 76512.5
Møre og Romsdal2 9963 2779.419 18219 4961.6
Sør-Trøndelag1 3451 65022.78 1989 53916.4
Nord-Trøndelag857663-22.63 0722 936-4.4
Nordland2 0382 1003.011 98213 58413.4
Troms - Romsa59182739.93 8444 1979.2
Finnmark - Finnmárku404380-5.93 0713 1301.9
Svalbard--.230-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 3131 257-4.36 9857 4536.7
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 0643 583-11.821 76319 758-9.2
County not stated55075236.73 7243 582-3.8

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
June 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country37 2438 1147 4471 8066 51120 813
 
County of production1
Østfold1 2789732480932
Akershus5404821948424
Oslo918373360845
Hedmark38811-1790197
Oppland6952-140679
Buskerud1 7523037-1 713
Vestfold1 98977-84976851
Telemark1 58116137281 501
Aust-Agder24231-14-197
Vest-Agder2 51118113902 454
Rogaland2 9622832071761 1751 328
Hordaland6 6831 4771 4481863 6131 406
Sogn og Fjordane1 21543643614-765
Møre og Romsdal3 2771 6001 52713221 543
Sør-Trøndelag1 65088986122-739
Nord-Trøndelag66334934452-262
Nordland2 1001 0581 052124-918
Troms - Romsa8277487345-74
Finnmark - Finnmárku380281281295316
Svalbard------
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 25746940423649556
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 583509561183 358
County not stated752132124652552

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - May 2017
Total261 2480.31.8
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)6 95710.6202.1
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms254 2900.00.0
 
0 Food and live animals17 5680.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0394-0.1-0.2
01 Meat and meat preparations6580.0-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs5150.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof1 9000.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2 0590.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit5 5660.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey6450.00.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1 609-0.1-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 416-0.2-0.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products2 1080.0-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco3 5180.00.0
11 Beverages2 3150.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1 2030.00.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 7140.10.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw80.0-1.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits9910.00.0
23 Crude rubber60-0.3-0.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 9550.0-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper2370.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste490.0-0.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 2890.00.3
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap9 7510.10.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 3760.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials13 2570.84.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes8480.00.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products11 1490.95.1
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude7 7480.00.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured2720.02.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane2110.00.0
35 Electric current9880.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 5030.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 012-0.1-0.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1 4180.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed730.0-0.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.28 2190.10.0
51 Organic chemicals3 9030.20.2
52 Inorganic chemicals2 1100.0-0.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3750.0-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products7 4690.20.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc2 9280.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1 1040.0-0.3
57 Plastics in primary forms2 019-0.1-0.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms2 3640.0-0.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.4 946-0.1-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material36 579-0.1-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins2470.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.1 9640.0-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures3 1940.00.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof3 0410.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles3 1850.0-0.2
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.3 7670.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel5 567-0.1-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals3 913-0.4-0.6
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.11 7020.0-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment103 5750.64.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment5 8750.0-0.6
72 Machinery for special industries10 4830.10.1
73 Metal working machinery5660.0-0.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment12 571-0.1-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines6 4320.2-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.9 705-0.1-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus13 016-0.1-0.1
78 Road vehicles31 2690.0-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships13 6595.149.6
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles39 8570.0-0.2
81 Prefabricated buildings.3 444-0.1-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof6 5820.0-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.6700.00.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7 9270.0-0.3
85 Footwear2 3080.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments6 7090.0-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods1 183-0.1-0.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s11 0350.1-0.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions4560.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind1410.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender30.01.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)3120.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - May 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total354 5910.0-0.9
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)96 0660.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)79 5980.0-8.6
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)2 2440.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)7 1450.2171.9
Mainland exports169 538-0.1-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals40 3280.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0315-0.1-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations940.0-0.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs3320.00.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof37 8630.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations146-0.3-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit610.00.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey170.0-0.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1600.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)9960.0-0.8
09 Miscellaneous edible products6430.0-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco3230.0-0.2
11 Beverages3200.0-0.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures40.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels6 5330.0-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3400.00.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits20.00.0
23 Crude rubber230.0-0.3
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 307-0.1-1.1
25 Pulp and waste paper1 1900.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste1020.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 3980.00.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 0040.00.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1660.00.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials204 5960.0-3.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.04.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products114 7220.00.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude16 1790.00.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured87 8700.0-7.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane7 0720.00.0
35 Electric current2 0040.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes8520.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats3940.00.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2160.0-0.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2410.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.22 2030.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals6 4650.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals3 3050.10.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials7660.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products2 371-0.1-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc5590.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms2 3140.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms6500.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.5 7740.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material33 8540.30.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins290.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.319-0.2-0.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures6380.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof2 0930.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles669-0.10.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.7180.00.0
67 Iron and steel6 358-0.1-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals19 4550.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.3 5763.73.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment35 753-0.813.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment2 601-8.6-10.1
72 Machinery for special industries4 2350.0-0.4
73 Metal working machinery2750.00.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment6 896-0.1-0.6
75 Office machines, data processing machines942-1.4-1.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 323-0.10.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus4 8150.0-0.3
78 Road vehicles3 010-0.8-0.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships10 6560.175.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles9 8110.0-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.6320.8-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 1890.0-0.8
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.39-0.3-0.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories310-0.2-0.5
85 Footwear550.0-1.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments4 3560.0-0.2
88 Photographic and optical goods900.0-1.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s3 142-0.1-0.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions3390.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)3380.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact

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