288113
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
288113
statistikk
2017-11-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

37.5

billion NOK – mainland export in October 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
October 2017September 2017 - October 2017October 2016 - October 2017October 2017October 2016 - October 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports71 2739.33.5689 15313.2
Crude oil15 366-2.5-15.6171 45915.8
Natural gas18 00731.611.0158 82124.2
Natural gas condensates28313.8-34.53 99720.2
Ships and oil platforms2119-85.7-96.39 53521.7
Mainland exports37 4988.221.6345 3427.4
Fish8 84912.9-2.575 7174.9
 
Imports56 1452.76.5541 0657.5
Ships and oil platforms2230144.7-85.611 355-16.4
 
The trade balance15 12944.1-6.5148 08840.5
The mainland trade balance-18 4177.79.1-184 368-9.7

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
October 201553 64953 20949 759440-
November 201554 21252 69951 4671 512-
December 201550 99750 87750 626121-
January 201643 65743 41648 986241-
February 201649 54249 15750 075385-
March 201650 53248 81449 2321 718-
April 201650 35049 68447 788666-
May 201649 66449 27948 963385-
June 201653 79551 00048 1042 796-
July 201645 89745 07449 462823-
August 201652 87350 93849 8681 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 4973 042-
October 201652 70751 10850 0271 599-
November 201656 94651 98348 1214 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 672835-
January 201751 38048 05451 3383 326-
February 201748 82747 20550 2931 622-
March 201757 16255 85750 2341 306-
April 201743 90743 88450 18523-
May 201759 79259 09156 518701-
June 201767 37765 86961 6591 508-
July 201746 99846 08050 621918-
August 201754 78453 15651 9171 628-
September 201754 69354 59953 91394-
October 201756 14555 91551 801230-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
October 201573 82373 64869 01535 76833 826175-
November 201567 22966 89263 67933 51233 363338-
December 201566 84165 93663 26134 42034 401905-
January 201660 66560 17958 80230 81532 080486-
February 201660 39460 26359 87732 28232 972130-
March 201661 91261 84958 08233 01731 93963-
April 201661 51760 87762 97632 86131 827640-
May 201658 22558 10460 26230 56031 222121-
June 201660 35958 80161 12734 77032 8231 558-
July 201659 27458 63761 16030 14932 290637-
August 201660 00359 20962 06031 36332 444795-
September 201657 47957 25559 11834 92633 513224-
October 201668 88065 70261 51030 84830 6253 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 65233 20331 4751 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 50132 20632 9382 704-
January 201776 58772 87071 57331 84132 7953 716-
February 201769 33667 25469 44331 81633 5022 082-
March 201776 24675 03670 34038 74834 3111 211-
April 201766 93866 91569 19031 99135 12323-
May 201767 83567 43769 91435 03134 902398-
June 201767 26366 46468 77237 18934 588799-
July 201761 87061 87064 81432 11635 268--
August 201766 61666 26569 32134 45735 301351-
September 201765 18964 35566 52234 65433 991834-
October 201771 27371 15466 44237 49835 752119-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
October 201520 17420 439-17 441
November 201513 01814 192-19 187
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201725 20724 816-16 214
February 201720 50920 049-15 389
March 201719 08419 179-17 109
April 201723 03123 031-11 893
May 20178 0438 346-24 060
June 2017-114595-28 680
July 201714 87215 790-13 964
August 201711 83213 109-18 699
September 201710 4969 756-19 945
October 201715 12915 239-18 417

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
October 201537 88034 84518 09016 81119 33518 021455
November 201533 37931 30213 86513 98219 03516 185480
December 201531 51629 09411 91212 15119 49115 916113
January 201629 36426 81412 13512 39016 66214 315567
February 201627 98228 15612 24313 20715 65914 33680
March 201628 83227 19012 18712 68316 25613 511389
April 201628 01628 83314 75114 16912 95513 591310
May 201627 54429 19715 56315 20511 85913 384123
June 201624 03127 51213 44914 48310 02512 787557
July 201628 48929 82517 34416 61010 73012 282415
August 201627 84629 16718 10716 5969 59612 092144
September 201622 32924 26014 14714 5797 87310 051309
October 201634 85431 85118 20316 96416 22015 171432
November 201635 59733 43018 74318 97316 48413 967371
December 201637 31534 57220 72421 21716 47013 469121
January 201741 02937 54821 03421 44919 56116 894434
February 201735 43835 86217 78419 39517 06415 559590
March 201736 28834 33317 16318 03618 63115 527493
April 201734 92435 83318 44117 59916 05616 816426
May 201732 40634 31517 64017 07414 46616 387300
June 201729 27533 50216 03817 20512 98116 674256
July 201729 75331 38614 79214 32014 46816 538494
August 201731 80733 23917 43315 95613 90217 397472
September 201729 70132 04915 76816 17313 68417 398249
October 201733 65630 57815 36614 26718 00716 875283

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
October 2016October 2017October 2016 - October 2017So far this yearOctober 2016 - October 2017
October 2016October 2017
Total52 70756 1456.5503 275541 0657.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 599230-85.613 59011 355-16.4
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms51 10855 9159.4489 685529 7118.2
 
0 Food and live animals3 5974 12514.735 92335 697-0.6
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031614-15.714719331.2
01 Meat and meat preparations10993-14.71 4111 254-11.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs941039.61 0461 044-0.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof39249325.83 6653 577-2.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4294719.84 3714 321-1.1
05 Vegetables and fruit84295413.410 04010 009-0.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey15418319.41 4141 376-2.7
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices37542312.63 2803 3923.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)66377617.05 6145 6821.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products52361417.54 9354 850-1.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco71398938.67 2307 7807.6
11 Beverages47856017.24 8805 0172.8
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures23542982.12 3502 76417.6
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 5592 88112.625 92731 01619.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-40.42114-34.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits11613415.71 5251 71712.6
23 Crude rubber91124.01131205.7
24 Wood, lumber and cork37443416.03 8334 0295.1
25 Pulp and waste paper4432-25.5469431-8.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste91244.594974.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales219202-7.82 6052 424-6.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 5781 81414.914 92919 72132.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials20924014.82 3382 4645.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 2382 74522.617 53125 82247.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes13017434.11 3801 74226.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products1 9142 24117.114 30122 11554.6
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude1 6871 8409.110 92415 12238.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured60204241.0870724-16.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane43200363.4765630-17.6
35 Electric current134126-6.29801 24126.7
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes83595013.85 9406 0351.6
41 Animal oils and fats4074469.72 8332 416-14.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated40747717.42 9353 43016.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed222724.617218910.4
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 2145 7099.552 61357 0728.5
51 Organic chemicals706675-4.47 1467 4694.5
52 Inorganic chemicals37141712.43 9204 2608.7
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2793069.82 8622 9683.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 3231 53916.313 18715 28115.9
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc63873415.26 0596 2102.5
56 Fertilizers208157-24.82 3332 079-10.9
57 Plastics in primary forms38446922.03 8934 0905.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4805126.64 7924 8711.6
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8259019.28 4229 84416.9
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 7248 54310.672 73787 23719.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5553-3.84704730.6
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4734954.74 4344 4700.8
63 Cork and wood manufactures68375510.56 1096 4205.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof65474513.96 3736 308-1.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles59568915.96 0866 4546.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.84896513.87 7097 8702.1
67 Iron and steel1 0861 43732.311 83711 8540.1
68 Non-ferrous metals68389831.56 9857 94413.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 6472 505-5.422 73435 44455.9
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment20 80020 784-0.1200 644206 9363.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment70483518.67 97810 29129.0
72 Machinery for special industries2 0042 1738.421 38620 467-4.3
73 Metal working machinery1191319.71 1751 2334.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 5732 92313.627 02225 268-6.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3281 4448.713 35413 6642.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 3342 247-3.718 99820 3647.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 8473 13710.225 83826 9024.1
78 Road vehicles6 3556 7916.956 72163 13611.3
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 1824 4245.834 90039 72313.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 5361 103-56.528 17225 613-9.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 9419 3244.383 81582 502-1.6
81 Prefabricated buildings.9779962.07 8807 639-3.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2351 3146.412 36412 8303.8
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.12314619.11 3711 4475.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 7811 9398.917 11317 4261.8
85 Footwear4114509.44 7954 765-0.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 5011 295-13.713 56513 198-2.7
88 Photographic and optical goods25328311.92 3862 5245.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 6622 9019.024 34122 672-6.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions859511.89159695.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3932-18.1406349-14.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender01112.3119-17.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)466236.749961222.6

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
October 2016October 2017October 2016 - October 2017So far this yearOctober 2016 - October 2017
October 2016October 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total68 88071 2733.5608 709689 15313.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)18 20315 366-15.6148 128171 45915.8
Natural gas (SITC 343)16 22018 00711.0127 833158 82124.2
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)432283-34.53 3263 99720.2
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)3 178119-96.37 8329 53521.7
Mainland exports30 84837 49821.6321 590345 3427.4
 
0 Food and live animals9 6439 372-2.877 45980 7724.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.033425.95528-48.7
01 Meat and meat preparations202843.118522723.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs697712.2658646-1.8
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof9 0738 849-2.572 20375 7174.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations293730.426131119.2
05 Vegetables and fruit161814.7208132-36.4
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey2346.17136-48.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3927-29.428832412.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)260197-24.42 1412 014-5.9
09 Miscellaneous edible products132130-1.91 3911 336-3.9
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9487-7.0835750-10.3
11 Beverages9387-7.2821742-9.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures0059.0158-45.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 1051 48534.412 23613 51210.4
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3127-15.1464449-3.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits0119.73591.6
23 Crude rubber3592.7384518.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork24628917.72 6452 7243.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2022166.62 1532 3569.5
26 Textile fibres and their waste22233.52152170.8
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales28032214.93 1823 124-1.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap28956193.83 2564 25530.7
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials304239.228133720.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials36 64139 6638.2318 257389 79122.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00157.95151-99.8
33 Petroleum, petroleum products19 58019 350-1.2175 168210 63820.2
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude9303 648292.023 21134 69249.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured16 60319 79819.2138 058174 40126.3
342 Liquefied propane and butane3001 514404.78 42713 32458.1
35 Electric current45851412.24 5154 7525.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes211207-2.11 8111 759-2.9
41 Animal oils and fats13095-26.7874838-4.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated396363.34274341.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed434913.8510487-4.6
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.3 6264 72530.341 59945 1988.7
51 Organic chemicals9881 12013.411 66113 08712.2
52 Inorganic chemicals49372947.86 2476 7648.3
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials11915832.91 3471 56316.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products42456533.24 8195 0775.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc11413922.31 1121 1846.5
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms34948238.14 3414 6557.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms12815622.01 0881 34123.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 0111 37536.110 98511 5284.9
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material5 8147 28625.360 95367 51210.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins87-8.76760-10.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.8167-17.655265618.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures12215124.11 2031 3139.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof420415-1.34 4124 284-2.9
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1271291.11 3171 281-2.7
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.12814714.31 2671 3899.7
67 Iron and steel8511 20541.710 24512 54122.4
68 Non-ferrous metals3 2914 57539.033 66739 01115.9
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.785590-24.98 2226 976-15.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment9 6396 316-34.573 57968 911-6.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment495449-9.45 8506 76615.7
72 Machinery for special industries8558995.111 0508 285-25.0
73 Metal working machinery4488101.350270139.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 7251 247-27.717 30712 553-27.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines17921821.91 8772 0448.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.43254626.54 1725 08221.8
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 1591 50029.411 72411 332-3.3
78 Road vehicles59868114.05 8676 2025.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships4 153687-83.515 23115 9484.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 0552 038-0.821 32320 256-5.0
81 Prefabricated buildings.10115856.81 1941 2555.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof20923813.62 3672 272-4.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.75-22.18278-4.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7910330.561874320.3
85 Footwear1514-11.31121153.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments952820-14.011 0028 639-21.5
88 Photographic and optical goods3122-28.3228201-11.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6616802.95 7216 95221.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions529582.86566935.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00440.702822.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-61.4142-86.6
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)519485.06426887.2

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
October 2016October 2017October 2016October 2017
Total503 275541 0657.5608 709689 15313.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries102 195110 0437.777 51793 92821.2
EFTA7 8359 01815.16 0556 3855.5
EU313 939331 6995.7472 897552 73016.9
OECD383 290413 3237.8527 837614 68116.5
Developing countries97 019103 5866.857 28151 027-10.9
LDC - least developed countries3 3463 194-4.54 4922 608-41.9
 
Continents and countries
Europe336 413358 8916.7486 100569 56117.2
Belgium9 0888 664-4.726 57132 62622.8
Denmark27 66830 3939.825 73932 32825.6
Estonia4 0524 54312.19731 26830.3
Finland12 11312 3061.68 46110 04318.7
France16 98617 0170.240 56742 4124.5
Greece49957715.69209301.1
Ireland3 5724 54327.29 0768 280-8.8
Iceland1 5652 47658.22 9903 80027.1
Italy15 44017 58813.97 9389 61721.2
Lithuania5 5986 1239.44 1875 41629.4
Netherlands19 70921 68510.061 88968 22410.2
Poland17 48518 9228.214 30615 87311.0
Portugal2 1492 094-2.64 0664 1552.2
Romania2 4882 029-18.46587189.1
Russia8 02210 40029.61 8311 811-1.1
Slovakia2 5152 7067.62712793.0
Spain11 55110 551-8.710 86215 75445.0
United Kingdom25 56727 0675.9120 938145 55520.4
Switzerland6 2146 4914.53 0622 573-16.0
Sweden60 20664 2266.739 53846 91818.7
Czech Republic5 6395 8824.31 5351 6718.9
Turkey4 6945 80823.73 2845 52668.3
Germany60 59563 2274.389 723105 71517.8
Hungary2 2442 228-0.766476615.4
Austria3 7244 43119.01 5501 73812.1
Other countires in Europe7 0306 914-1.74 5015 56523.6
 
Asia103 750114 15810.059 86458 403-2.4
Hong Kong65783426.91 4251 234-13.4
India2 9913 32411.11 7921 9096.5
Japan12 26411 613-5.38 5588 086-5.5
China54 76354 314-0.816 71614 198-15.1
Malaysia1 9612 66435.81 2521 88150.2
Singapore2 6162 6300.56 5297 23110.8
South Korea12 68719 16851.18 7176 494-25.5
Taiwan3 4263 5844.61 3571 4023.3
Thailand2 8525 24884.01 9862 1317.3
Vietnam2 7943 77135.02 0992 68828.1
Other countires in Asia6 7397 0084.09 43311 14918.2
 
North and Central America43 94847 9999.240 18745 12612.3
Canada8 66310 90125.86 8758 43322.7
United States32 50933 9674.525 99432 86426.4
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 7763 13112.87 3183 829-63.2
 
South America11 67512 1313.95 5664 839-13.1
Brazil7 4688 1509.13 4423 5112.0
Chile962791-17.81 021505-50.5
Peru1 6201 392-14.1779523.4
Other countries in South-America1 6251 79810.61 026728-29.0
 
Africa6 6056 6991.414 6079 671-33.8
Angola40529-92.83 3511 155-65.5
Botswana1 058142-86.61--100.0
South Africa1 5081 95629.71 337513-61.6
Other countires in Africa3 6344 57225.89 9188 003-19.3
 
Oceania8851 18734.12 3841 553-34.9
Australia53085461.11 3411 313-2.1
New Zealand351330-6.0298201-32.6
Other countires in Oceania43-25.074539-94.8

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
October 2016October 2017October 2016October 2017
Total489 685529 7118.2321 590345 3427.4
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries101 965109 1387.059 31166 61712.3
EFTA7 7908 1554.75 9686 3326.1
EU312 207328 3875.2204 698225 26610.0
OECD373 827403 7118.0253 062276 6399.3
Developing countries93 010101 4429.151 65348 724-5.7
LDC - least developed countries3 3463 194-4.54 3052 481-42.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe334 249353 5955.8218 549240 91710.2
Belgium9 0888 664-4.79 90712 06821.8
Denmark27 65930 3879.918 77120 0656.9
Estonia4 0524 54312.19731 26830.3
Finland12 10712 2771.46 1556 2942.3
France16 94817 0170.413 23511 394-13.9
Greece49957715.68308816.1
Ireland3 5694 54327.33 2033 161-1.3
Iceland1 5191 6126.12 9033 74729.1
Italy15 43615 273-1.16 5987 1408.2
Lithuania5 5986 1229.42 8703 43019.5
Netherlands19 31321 59911.828 56233 54017.4
Poland17 47818 8537.914 06014 6924.5
Portugal2 1492 094-2.63 6594 06511.1
Romania2 4282 029-16.46587189.1
Russia8 02210 40029.61 8311 809-1.2
Slovakia2 5152 7067.62712793.0
Spain10 48310 5340.58 1078 7317.7
United Kingdom25 52426 9475.625 04529 76418.8
Switzerland6 2146 4914.53 0622 573-16.0
Sweden60 18064 2206.730 83235 90716.5
Czech Republic5 6395 8824.31 5351 6718.9
Turkey4 3824 6877.03 2484 54940.1
Germany60 58562 5643.325 60525 8671.0
Hungary2 2442 228-0.766476615.4
Austria3 7244 43119.01 5501 73812.1
Other countries in Europe6 8946 9150.34 4154 8008.7
 
Asia92 618108 37217.057 36057 3850.0
Hong Kong65783426.91 2921 234-4.5
India2 9913 32411.11 4901 78319.7
Japan12 26411 113-9.48 5588 086-5.5
China51 14153 9885.615 90714 123-11.2
Malaysia1 9612 66435.81 2521 88150.2
Singapore2 6001 936-25.56 4396 9187.4
South Korea5 19315 350195.68 4706 353-25.0
Taiwan3 4263 5844.61 3221 4026.1
Thailand2 8525 24884.01 9862 0051.0
Vietnam2 7943 34619.82 0992 68828.1
Other countries in Asia6 7396 9853.78 54510 91227.7
 
North and Central America43 65347 7489.426 72831 37317.4
Canada8 66310 90125.82 9623 95833.6
United States32 50933 9674.521 66725 32916.9
Other countries in North and Central America2 4812 88016.12 0992 086-0.6
 
South America11 67512 1313.94 7144 8392.7
Brazil7 4688 1509.13 2983 5116.5
Chile962791-17.8675505-25.2
Peru1 6201 392-14.1779523.4
Other countries in South America1 6251 79810.66647289.6
 
Africa6 6056 6791.112 7159 297-26.9
Angola40529-92.83 3511 155-65.5
Botswana1 058142-86.61--100.0
South Africa1 5081 95629.75105130.6
Other countries in Africa3 6344 55225.38 8537 629-13.8
 
Oceania8851 18634.01 5231 5310.5
Australia53085461.11 3411 313-2.1
New Zealand351330-6.015920126.4
Other countries in Oceania42-50.02317-26.1

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
October 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total541 06535 6977 78031 01625 8226 03557 07287 237206 93682 502969
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)331 69922 4657 03012 57520 0612 76942 31654 326125 61543 620924
Nordic countries110 0438 5192 0216 33712 0351 65812 03121 30029 77515 503863
Developing countries103 5868 8382519 1701 2611 2953 27713 16935 96130 32836
Russia10 400734134732 8741 2717584 0357616613
India3 324672130013119323181 0580
Japan11 6136538404611 9678 2958099
China54 3148031203291 3496 32526 18919 42310
Singapore2 6301721444961866971 264239169
South Korea19 168253216143299 8348 604332127
United States33 9679051872241 4183645 4611 40519 5224 4774
Canada10 901283127 88517008623101 0792982
Brazil8 1502 25905 4470075172157327
South Africa1 9563664383400341884641314

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
October 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total689 15380 77275013 512389 7911 75945 19867 51268 91120 256693
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)552 73052 55448211 006355 1141 08127 10454 24339 64311 347157
Nordic countries93 92813 9892833 35237 5474667 26312 67313 6394 68036
Developing countries51 02711 878201 5007 46122411 2884 68411 5642 4070
Russia1 8111101179402845625221462 475
India1 909170188280150856227082-
Japan8 0863 4792214782119181 0351 441202-
China14 1982 6879897555315 2501 0292 9817590
Singapore7 231678143 78248541791 247481-
South Korea6 4941 882175281155088402 1537400
United States32 8645 06211815511 6993212 6283 9796 5412 3610
Canada8 43368912785 481171984491 262245-
Brazil3 511807232051 078484859244-
South Africa5132450415564214416-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
October 2016October 2017October 2016 - October 2017So far this yearOctober 2016 - October 2017
October 2016October 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country30 84837 49821.6321 590345 3427.4
 
County of production1
Østfold1 1411 80458.112 90914 25510.4
Akershus4844911.45 5634 435-20.3
Oslo64975516.37 1747 2521.1
Hedmark30034414.73 2173 2852.1
Oppland56872327.35 1325 81713.3
Buskerud986953-3.310 99611 8557.8
Vestfold1 0651 38630.112 96217 20132.7
Telemark1 1501 83659.715 99317 3078.2
Aust-Agder321240-25.22 9062 594-10.7
Vest-Agder2 1782 48514.122 66123 6254.3
Rogaland2 2783 49253.326 19030 65217.0
Hordaland3 8645 38239.347 08554 86916.5
Sogn og Fjordane1 7791 627-8.510 70711 6909.2
Møre og Romsdal3 8044 27312.333 01232 647-1.1
Sør-Trøndelag1 2491 70736.713 98616 09715.1
Nord-Trøndelag610427-30.05 9624 785-19.7
Nordland2 4522 5694.821 40322 8326.7
Troms - Romsa69683219.56 2637 33417.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku41662349.84 5474 9508.9
Svalbard-0.5150-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 2171 36912.511 74413 19312.3
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 1023 59215.835 27133 083-6.2
County not stated5375879.35 3915 5853.6

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
October 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country37 4989 4598 8491 6926 00720 341
 
County of production1
Østfold1 80483419021 529
Akershus491521131425
Oslo755313241700
Hedmark3441221580174
Oppland72330151704
Buskerud95351380909
Vestfold1 38642-81454808
Telemark1 83626940201 749
Aust-Agder24028-21-191
Vest-Agder2 48515144102 429
Rogaland3 4925424521431 5301 277
Hordaland5 3821 0279961813 279895
Sogn og Fjordane1 62757357345-1 009
Møre og Romsdal4 2732 3332 28012611 813
Sør-Trøndelag1 7071 2031 181520452
Nord-Trøndelag427215210560155
Nordland2 5691 4481 43885-1 037
Troms - Romsa8327517367-74
Finnmark - Finnmárku62350150134844
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 369463393263514130
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 5925713551203 360
County not stated5874742250514

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - September 2017
Total484 9200.11.6
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)11 1255.6224.6
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms473 7950.0-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals31 5720.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031790.10.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 1610.0-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs9420.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof3 083-0.2-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3 8500.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit9 0550.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 1930.00.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2 9700.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)4 9060.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products4 2360.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6 7910.00.0
11 Beverages4 4560.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 335-0.10.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels28 1350.00.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw13-0.2-1.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 5820.0-0.1
23 Crude rubber109-0.3-0.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 5950.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper399-0.4-0.7
26 Textile fibres and their waste850.0-0.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 2220.00.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap17 9070.10.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 2240.0-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials23 0770.14.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 5680.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products19 8740.14.9
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude13 2810.20.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured5200.01.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane4300.00.0
35 Electric current1 1150.00.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes5 085-0.6-0.6
41 Animal oils and fats1 970-1.4-1.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 9520.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed162-0.1-0.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.51 3620.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals6 7950.00.2
52 Inorganic chemicals3 8430.0-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2 6620.1-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products13 7420.00.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc5 475-0.1-0.2
56 Fertilizers1 9220.00.7
57 Plastics in primary forms3 6210.0-0.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4 3590.0-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8 9430.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material78 6940.0-0.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4200.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.3 9740.0-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures5 6650.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof5 5630.0-0.2
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5 7650.0-0.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.6 905-0.1-0.4
67 Iron and steel10 417-0.1-0.4
68 Non-ferrous metals7 0460.0-0.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.32 9400.0-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment186 1520.33.9
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9 4550.0-1.8
72 Machinery for special industries18 294-0.1-0.3
73 Metal working machinery1 103-0.1-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment22 3450.0-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines12 2200.0-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.18 1170.0-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus23 764-0.1-0.2
78 Road vehicles56 3440.0-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships24 5102.544.6
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles73 177-0.1-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.6 6420.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof11 5160.0-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 3010.0-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories15 486-0.1-0.2
85 Footwear4 3160.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments11 903-0.3-0.6
88 Photographic and optical goods2 2410.0-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s19 771-0.1-0.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions8750.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3170.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender80.00.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)5500.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - September 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total617 8801.10.6
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)156 093-2.7-2.7
Natural gas (SITC 343)140 8148.52.6
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)3 7143.73.7
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)9 4150.4117.8
Mainland exports307 8440.0-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals71 400-0.1-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03240.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1990.0-1.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs569-0.10.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof66 867-0.1-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations274-0.2-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit114-0.1-0.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey330.0-0.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices296-0.2-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 8170.0-0.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 2070.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6630.0-0.3
11 Beverages6550.0-0.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures80.00.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels12 0270.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw4220.30.6
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits50.00.0
23 Crude rubber400.0-0.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 4340.0-0.6
25 Pulp and waste paper2 1410.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1940.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 8020.0-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 6940.0-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2950.00.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials350 1292.0-0.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.0-1.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products191 287-2.2-2.2
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude31 044-0.1-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured154 6027.72.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane11 8100.00.1
35 Electric current4 2380.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 5520.0-0.2
41 Animal oils and fats7430.0-0.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3710.0-0.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed4380.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.40 4730.1-0.1
51 Organic chemicals11 9670.20.0
52 Inorganic chemicals6 0350.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 4050.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products4 5110.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 0450.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 1730.0-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 184-0.1-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.10 1530.0-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material60 2260.00.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins530.0-0.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.589-2.2-2.6
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 1620.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof3 8700.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 1520.00.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 2420.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel11 3360.1-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals34 4350.0-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.6 386-0.21.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment62 5960.18.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6 3170.0-4.5
72 Machinery for special industries7 386-0.1-0.4
73 Metal working machinery613-0.7-0.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment11 305-0.3-0.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 8260.0-0.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.4 536-0.2-0.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9 8320.1-0.4
78 Road vehicles5 5200.0-0.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships15 2610.752.6
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles18 2170.1-0.2
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 0970.0-0.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 0340.0-0.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.730.0-0.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories6410.0-0.4
85 Footwear1020.1-0.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments7 8190.30.1
88 Photographic and optical goods1790.0-1.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 272-0.1-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions598-1.6-1.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind20.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)595-1.6-1.6

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

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