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115393
forskning
2013-05-27T10:09:00.000Z
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Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • Closing the gender gap in pensions. A microsimulation analysis of the Norwegian NDC pension system

    Discussion Papers no. 855

    Elin Halvorsen and Axel West Pedersen

    Published:

    In this paper we use an advanced micro-simulation model to study the distributional effects of the reformed Norwegian pension system with a particular focus on gender equality.

  • The path of labor supply adjustment: Sources of lagged responses to tax-benefit reforms

    Discussion Papers no. 854

    Zhiyang Jia and Trine E. Vattø

    Published:

    The standard static labor supply model ignores that it takes time for individuals to adjust to a tax-benefit reform.

  • Heterogeneity of the Carnegie Effect

    Discussion Papers no. 853

    Erlend E. Bø, Elin Halvorsen and Thor O. Thoresen

    Published:

    The Carnegie effect (Holtz-Eakin, Joualfaian and Rosen, 1993) refers to the idea that inherited wealth harms recipient’s work efforts, and possesses a key role in the discussion of taxation of intergenerational transfers.

  • MPC heterogeneity and household balance sheets

    Discussion Papers no. 852

    Andreas Fagereng, Martin B. Holm and Gisle J. Natvik

    Published:

    Using Norwegian administrative data, we study how sizable lottery prizes affect household expenditure and savings.

  • Problematic response margins in the estimation of the elasticity of taxable income

    Discussion Papers no. 851

    Kristoffer Berg and Thor O. Thoresen

    Published:

    The elasticity of taxable income (ETI) is known to represent a summary measure of tax efficiency costs, which means that further information about the behavioral components of the ETI is not required for its use in tax policy design.

  • Multigenerational persistence: Evidence from 146 years of administrative data

    Discussion Papers no. 850

    Jørgen Modalsli

    Published:

    This paper uses Norwegian census data on occupational associations among grandfathers, fathers and sons from 1865 to 2011 and finds significant grandparental influence throughout the period.

  • Using common factors to identify substitution possibilities in a factor demand system with technological changes

    Discussion Papers no. 849

    Håvard Hungnes

    Published:

    In this paper, I investigate the importance of taking account of technological changes by allowing for different kinds of common factors, both within and between industries.

  • Carbon dynamics related to tree planting on new areas in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 848

    Bjart Holtsmark

    Published:

    Extensive tree planting on new areas has been suggested as a climate policy measure in Norway. This paper presents some preliminary calculations related to carbon dynamics of such a measure when the tree planting takes place on areas with relative young birch forests.

  • On the measurement of long-run income inequality: Empirical evidence from Norway, 1875-2013

    Discussion Papers no. 847

    Jørgen Modalsli, Rolf Aaberge and Anthony B. Atkinson

    Published:

    In seeking to understand inequality today, a great deal can be learned from history. However, there are few countries for which the long-run development of income inequality has been charted. Many countries have records of incomes, taxes and social support. This paper presents a new methodology constructing income inequality indices from such tabular data.

  • Oil consumption subsidy removal in OPEC and other Non-OECD countries

    Discussion Papers no. 846

    Finn Aune, Kristine Grimsrud, Lars Lindholt, Knut Einar Rosendahl and Halvor Briseid Storrøsten

    Published:

    This paper studies the oil market effects of phasing out oil consumption subsidies in the transport sector.

  • Discouraged worker effects and barriers against employment for immigrant and non-immigrant women

    Discussion Papers no. 845

    Terje Skjerpen, Tom Kornstad and John K. Dagsvik

    Published:

    A phenomenon observed in many labor markets is that the supply of labor appears to depend on business cycles. In other words, workers who are searching for work become “discouraged” under unfavorable business cycle conditions because they believe that their chances of finding an acceptable job are so small that the costs of searching for work outweigh the benefits from searching.

  • Electronic monitoring and recidivism

    Discussion Papers no. 844

    Synøve N. Andersen and Kjetil Telle

    Published:

    The replacement of custodial with non-custodial sanctions holds the potential to reduce recidivism as well as other costs associated with imprisonment.

  • The regional dispersion of income inequality in nineteenth-century Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 842

    Jørgen Modalsli

    Published:

    This paper documents, for the first time, municipality- and occupation-level estimates of income inequality between individuals in a European country in the nineteenth century, using a combination of several detailed data sets for Norway in the late 1860s.

  • Modelling OPEC behaviour

    Discussion Papers no. 843

    Pål Boug, Ådne Cappelen and Anders Rygh Swensen

    Published:

    We analyse the behaviour of OPEC as a group for the period 1992 to 2015 by formulating a model that encompasses several of the alternatives discussed in the literature.

  • Children as family commuters

    Discussion Papers no. 841

    Lars Dommermuth

    Published:

    As union dissolution rates increase in most modern societies, a growing number of children are living in post-separation families.

  • Expected service lives and depreciation profiles for capital assets

    Discussion Papers no. 840

    Terje Skjerpen, Nina Barth, Ådne Cappelen, Steinar Todsen and Thom Åbyholm

    Published:

    In the Norwegian national accounts, as in many other countries, it is quite common to use information on depreciation rates and profiles based on studies from the US, Canada and the Netherlands due to a lack of national studies.

  • Fuel efficiency improvements – feedback mechanisms and distributional effects in the oil market

    Discussion Papers no. 839

    Finn Roar Aune, , Ann Christin Bøeng, Snorre Kverndokk, Lars Lindholt and Knut Einar Rosendahl

    Published:

    We study the interactions between fuel efficiency improvements in the transport sector and the oil market, where the efficiency improvements are policy-induced in certain regions of the world

  • Fractionality and co-fractionality between Government Bond yields

    Discussion Papers no. 838

    Håvard Hungnes

    Published:

    In a co-fractional vector autoregressive (VAR) model two more parameters are estimated, compared to the traditional cointegrated VAR model.

  • Accounting for business income in measuring top income shares

    Discussion Papers no. 837

    Kjetil Telle, Annette Alstadsæter and Martin Jacob

    Published:

    Business income is important in the upper tail of the personal income distribution, but the extent to which it is captured by measures of personal income varies substantially across tax regimes.

  • Supply versus demand-side policies in the presence of carbon leakage and the green paradox

    Discussion Papers no. 836

    Halvor Briseid Storrøsten and Cathrine Hagem

    Published:

    This study derives the optimal combination of consumer taxes and producer taxes when both spatial and intertemporal leakages from the free-riders are taken into account.

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