330137
/en/befolkning/statistikker/innvhold/aar
330137
statistikk
2017-12-12T08:00:00.000Z
Population;Immigration and immigrants
en
innvhold, Attitudes towards immigrants and immigration, refugees, asylum seekers, labour immigrationPopulation, Immigrants , Immigration and immigrants, Population
true

Attitudes towards immigrants and immigration

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

16 %

think it should be easier for refugees and asylum seekers to obtain a residence permit in Norway

Attitudes towards immigrants and receiving refugees. Per cent
200820162017
Most immigrants make an important contribution to Norwegian working life
Strongly agree332127
Agree on the whole424544
Disagree on the whole71410
Strongly disagree243
Most immigrants enrich the cultural life in Norway
Strongly agree332833
Agree on the whole383935
Disagree on the whole101213
Strongly disagree565
Most immigrants are a cause of insecurity in society
Strongly agree1299
Agree on the whole212318
Disagree on the whole293133
Strongly disagree202325
Attitudes towards refugees' and asylum seekers' access to residence permits in Norway. Compared to today, should it be easier, more difficult or remain the same as today?
Easier71216
As today515152
More difficult383328

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Attitudes towards seven statements on immigrants. Per cent

Attitudes towards seven statements on immigrants. Per cent
2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Most immigrants make an important contribution to Norwegian working life
Strongly agree33263129322932302127
Agree on the whole42454745484345424544
Neither agree nor disagree151581191310151415
Disagree on the whole791010810971410
Strongly disagree2433343343
Don't know1111111211
 
Most immigrants abuse the system of social benefits
Strongly agree8910108118889
Agree on the whole19202125242121172217
Neither agree nor disagree19191214141413181518
Disagree on the whole32343532343333323537
Strongly disagree19171916161721201819
Don't know3242333522
 
Most immigrants enrich the cultural life in Norway
Strongly agree33323435343236362833
Agree on the whole38383839393733353935
Neither agree nor disagree12149991212121313
Disagree on the whole1010101110131381213
Strongly disagree5454545665
Don't know2132322222
 
Most immigrants are a cause of insecurity in society
Strongly agree1210111110119799
Agree on the whole21232524232419192318
Neither agree nor disagree1815811121210151314
Disagree on the whole29333329313031303133
Strongly disagree20192123232229272325
Don't know1121212211
 
All immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians
Strongly agree70676667636267665864
Agree on the whole20222221232420212824
Neither agree nor disagree5433434554
Disagree on the whole4455676564
Strongly disagree2233342333
Don't know0111101111
 
Immigrants should make an effort to become as similar to Norwegians as possible
Strongly agree22212725252321212323
Agree on the whole24262427272625232826
Neither agree nor disagree1513811111013151210
Disagree on the whole26252723232526252727
Strongly disagree1413121413161315913
Don't know0121112211
 
Labour immigration from non-Nordic countries makes a mainly positive contribution to Norwegian economy
Strongly agree.242625272429292126
Agree on the whole.444445454241374239
Neither agree nor disagree.1799101412151616
Disagree on the whole.11121310121191212
Strongly disagree.344443554
Don't know.264444653

Table 2 
Attitudes towards the statement that all immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians. Per cent

Attitudes towards the statement that all immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians. Per cent
All immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians
Strongly agreeAgree on the wholeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagree on the wholeStrongly disagreeDon't know
199358178782
199453246961
199557234970
199667193650
199766205530
199876153420
199973173421
200074173320
200870205420
200967224421
201066223531
201167213531
201263234631
201362243740
201467204621
201566215531
201658285631
201764244431

Table 3 
Attitudes towards refugees' and asylum seekers' access to residence permits in Norway. Per cent

Attitudes towards refugees' and asylum seekers' access to residence permits in Norway. Per cent
Compared to today, should it be easier, more difficult or remain the same as today?
EasierAs todayMore difficultDon't know
2008751384
2009741493
2010642466
2011645444
2012744435
2013747424
20141850284
20151550295
20161251335
20171652284

Table 4 
Answers to tree guestions on relation to immigrants. Per cent

Answers to tree guestions on relation to immigrants. Per cent
2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Would you feel uncomfortable if you or someone in your closest family had an immigrant as a home help?'
Yes10777988776
No90929192909190919293
Don't know1121113211
 
Would you feel uncomfortable if your new neighbour was an immigrant?'
Yes6666666464
No94939292929292949295
Don't know1122222211
 
Would you feel uncomfortable if you had a son or daughter that wanted to marry an immigrant?'
Yes24252625252523172020
No69706770696969767475
Don't know6575668765

Table 5 
Contact with immigrants in different arenas. Per cent

Contact with immigrants in different arenas. Per cent
2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All arenas
Yes74757576717870787278
No26252423282230212822
 
At work
Yes48504949455046544852
No52505151555054465248
 
Among friends and acquaintances
Yes32373836354134403743
No68636264655966606357
 
In the neighbourhood
Yes26302929283127323236
No74707171726973686864
 
Among close relatives
Yes13141212121312151114
No87868888888788858986
 
Other
Yes913161411139121214
No91878486898791888886

Table 6 
Number of arenas where contact with immigrants takes place. Per cent

Number of arenas where contact with immigrants takes place. Per cent
2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
No contact26252423282230212822
One arena38333336343535343128
Two arena23242424222320262227
Three arenas8121211101310101215
Four arenas4554454566
Five arenas1111122312

About the statistics

The statistics are based on a survey. The purpose of the statistics is to map the attitudes of the Norwegian population towards various aspects of the national immigration and refugee policy and towards immigrants as a group.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The following instructions have accompanied the questions posed from 1993 to 2000:

“Neither agree, nor disagree” exists as a hidden response alternative, which means that it should not be read to the respondent, but be used if the respondent gives no other answer.

Immigrants are persons with two foreign-born parents. (For adopted from abroad it is the social, not the biological parents, who count.)

Refugees and asylum seekers are subgroups within the category “immigrants”. Refugees are persons granted political asylum or have the right to stay on humanitarian grounds. That may be due to having obtained refugee status by the UN High Commissioner or being part of the refugee quota accepted by Norway each year, or they may have come as asylum seekers and granted asylum or right to stay on humanitarian grounds."

In 1998, a supplementary question was added to the four permanent questions. This new question had the following instruction: &“This question very much resembles Innv1 - but here we distinguish between those who want to give residence to more or &“as many” refugees and asylum seekers as today. The question was deliberately placed at a distance behind the other immigrant questions. The idea behind the supplementary question was to investigate how the answers to it deviate from the answers to the question (Innv1): “Norway should give residence to refugees and asylum seekers to at least the same extent as today.”

In 2002 the instruction is being changed to the following:

An immigrant is a person having two foreign-born parents. For adopted from abroad it is the social, not the biological parents, who count.

Refugees is a subgroup within the category “immigrants”´. A refugee is a person granted asylum. This may happen in several ways. Either by being granted refugee status by the UN High Commissioner or being part of the refugee quota accepted by Norway each year, or by having successfully applied for asylum in Norway. Persons granted right to stay on humanitarian grounds are also covered by the term refugee.

Asylum seeker is a person having applied for asylum in Norway.

Please, also note that the concept refugee in colloquial language often is used about persons who are fleeing infringements of human rights, war, riots or environmental disasters.”

Upon request by an interviewer - in 2003 the first paragraph of the instruction was supplied with these additional sentences: “In the present questions we aim at immigrants with a non-Western background. This should be conveyed if the respondent asks for clarification.”

The current instruction as from 2009 and onwards is as follows:

Definition of concepts

Immigrants in Norway are foreign-born persons registered as resident in Norway having two foreign-born parents. Persons adopted from abroad are not considered immigrants. The attitude questions generally relate to immigrants with national backgrounds from Eastern Europe, Asia (incl. Turkey), Africa and South and Central America. This should be conveyed if the respondent asks for clarification.

Refugees is a subgroup of immigrants who have migrated to the host country due to reasons of flight and have obtained asylum or right to residence on humanitarian grounds. Some are transferred from refugee camps abroad according to agreements with the UN High Commissioner of Refugees. Others have come as asylum seekers.

Asylum seekers are persons applying for asylum or residence on humanitarian grounds. Their application for residence is still under consideration.

Labour immigration is immigration accepted on grounds of labour. The Nordic countries have had a common labour market since 1954. As a member of the EEA (European Economic Area), Norway is also obliged to receive labour immigrants from countries within the EU/EEA/EFTA. In May 2004, this area was expanded by 10 new EU countries (Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Cyprus and Malta), and later also Bulgaria and Romania. Beyond that, access to the Norwegian labour market is severely restricted for citizens of other countries. Skilled workers and specialists from &“third countries" may be granted access if they cannot be substituted by labour resident within the area. Persons employed on a short-term basis (less than 6 months) and not registered as residents of the country are also usually included as labour immigrants. Before the ban on immigration was introduced in 1975, labour immigration to Norway was more or less free. The first immigrants from Yugoslavia, Turkey, Morocco, India and Pakistan were labour immigrants.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Attitudes towards immigrants and immigration
Topic: Population

Responsible division

Research department, Unit for social and demographic research

Regional level

Whole country, but also broken down at province level.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics were published every October/November from 1993 to 2000. As an exception, the 1994 results were published in January 1995. After a break in 2001, the statistics were resumed in 2002 and published yearly in November/December.

International reporting

Results have been cited in SOPEMI reports (Continuous Reporting System of Migration of OECD) from Norway.

Microdata

Depersonalized micro data for both the Omnibus surveys and the Travel and holiday surveys (now: the Travel and social surveys) have been transferred to NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data.

Background

Background and purpose

The questions were posed for the first time in Statistics Norway’s Omnibus survey in June 1993, and thereafter yearly in the Omnibus for the second quarter (except in 1994 when it was the third quarter) until 2000. Every year, apart from in 2000, a document giving a simple analysis of the results has been published.

From 2005 and onwards the attitude questions were transferred to the third quarter of the Travel and holiday survey (now: the Travel and social surveys), as Statistics Norway decided that year to discontinue its Omnibus survey. In 2007, the analyses of the results were transferred from the series Notater (Documents) to the series Rapporter (Reports).

Users and applications

The relevant ministry responsible for immigrant integration finances the research and uses the data as a basis for evaluating how its policy aimed at immigrants and immigration is being perceived by the population. The media has given considerable coverage to the results.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

Statistics Act § 2-1 (voluntary)

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The Norwegian population aged 16-79 years, registered as resident in Norway. The unit is person.

Data sources and sampling

The data source is now Statistics Norway’s Travel and social survey (previously: Travel and holiday survey). During the years 1993-2004, the Omnibus survey was used.

The net sample size has followed the development of the samples drawn in Statistics Norway’s Omnibus surveys: in 1993-1994 approximately 1 800 persons, 1995-1997 about 1 400 persons, 1998 about 1 200 persons and 1999-2000 about 1 400 persons. By the 2000s, the sample size has fluctuated between 1 400 and 1 100.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The Omnibus surveys and the Travel and social surveys (previously: - holiday surveys) follow Statistics Norway’s general sampling procedures. In the early publications presenting the results of the surveys an appendix containing details about the collection of data has been added. Since 2002, the appendix on data collection has been replaced by some paragraphs at the beginning of the publication rendering the most basic facts about the data collection: units sampled not belonging to the target population, non-response, fieldwork period, possible sample biases etc. For further details, the reader is recommended to consult documentation materials for each specific survey.

Total interview time is cited in the document/report, but not for each separate part of the survey.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Nothing is ever published that makes it possible to detect the identity of the respondents.

Comparability over time and space

Questions that have been kept unaltered, allow for comparisons over time.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The documentation reports from the surveys include paragraphs on data collection and processing errors. They also present data on non-response and sampling bias in connection with known parameters, such as sex, age, and province.

From 2008 and onwards a part of the above mentioned documentation has been presented in the data chapter in the same reports that present the findings from the surveys on attitudes towards immigrants and immigration. Here is also exposed how the educational level distribute among the respondents in the net sample compared to the corresponding distribution in the gross sample. In 2010 the difference between the two distributions had grown so large that a weight was constructed to eliminate the bias in the educational distribution of the net sample. The results in 2010 and consecutive years have been presented with this weight activated.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact