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/en/befolkning/statistikker/folkemengde/aar-berekna
251994
Lowest population growth since 2006
statistikk
2016-12-15T08:00:00.000Z
Population;Immigration and immigrants;Population
en
folkemengde, Population and population changes, population, inhabitants, mean population, increase in population, marital status (for example married, single, divorced), age, sexPopulation, Children, families and households, Population count, Immigration and immigrants, Population
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Population and population changes

Updated

Next update

Key figures

43 368

estimated population growth in 2016

Estimated population growth and population. The whole country and the ten largest municipalities.
The ten largest municipalities2016
Population 1st January. Final figuresEstimated populationEstimated population 31st DecemberEstimated population growth. Per cent
The whole country5 213 98543 3685 257 3530.8
Oslo658 3908 263666 6531.3
Bergen277 391970278 3610.3
Trondheim187 3533 096190 4491.7
Stavanger132 644324132 9680.2
Bærum122 3481 632123 9801.3
Kristiansand88 44776889 2150.9
Fredrikstad78 9671 15280 1191.5
Sandnes74 82067475 4940.9
Tromsø73 4801 00974 4891.4
Drammen67 89551668 4110.8

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Estimated population growth and population. The whole country, counties and municipalities.

Estimated population growth and population. The whole country, counties and municipalities.
2016
Population 1st January, final figuresEstimated population growthEstimated population 31.st December
The whole country5 213 98543 3685 257 353
 
County
01 Østfold289 8673 120292 987
02 Akershus594 5339 586604 119
03 Oslo658 3908 263666 653
04 Hedmark195 356671196 027
05 Oppland188 953428189 381
06 Buskerud277 6842 007279 691
07 Vestfold244 9672 045247 012
08 Telemark172 494566173 060
09 Aust-Agder115 785937116 722
10 Vest-Agder182 7011 261183 962
11 Rogaland470 1752 253472 428
12 Hordaland516 4973 431519 928
14 Sogn og Fjordane109 530808110 338
15 Møre og Romsdal265 2901 035266 325
16 Sør-Trøndelag313 3703 954317 324
17 Nord-Trøndelag136 399883137 282
18 Nordland241 906743242 649
19 Troms - Romsa164 3301 110165 440
20 Finnmark - Finnmárku75 75826776 025
 
Municipality
0101 Halden30 54424730 791
0104 Moss32 18221332 395
0105 Sarpsborg54 67852055 198
0106 Fredrikstad78 9671 15280 119
0111 Hvaler4 511144 525
0118 Aremark1 40481 412
0119 Marker3 610-193 591
0121 Rømskog67219691
0122 Trøgstad5 343365 379
0123 Spydeberg5 73695 745
0124 Askim15 6159215 707
0125 Eidsberg11 3963011 426
0127 Skiptvet3 742303 772
0128 Rakkestad8 0841358 219
0135 Råde7 357327 389
0136 Rygge15 45829215 750
0137 Våler (Østf.)5 1861505 336
0138 Hobøl5 3821605 542
0211 Vestby16 73244517 177
0213 Ski30 26148630 747
0214 Ås18 99226919 261
0215 Frogn15 6957115 766
0216 Nesodden18 62321818 841
0217 Oppegård26 79215126 943
0219 Bærum122 3481 632123 980
0220 Asker60 10657760 683
0221 Aurskog-Høland15 91425216 166
0226 Sørum17 44328417 727
0227 Fet11 37419511 569
0228 Rælingen17 42630617 732
0229 Enebakk10 8706910 939
0230 Lørenskog36 36892037 288
0231 Skedsmo52 52276953 291
0233 Nittedal22 85727523 132
0234 Gjerdrum6 3231866 509
0235 Ullensaker34 18990235 091
0236 Nes (Ak.)20 78347321 256
0237 Eidsvoll23 81163824 449
0238 Nannestad12 26738112 648
0239 Hurdal2 837872 924
0301 Oslo municipality658 3908 263666 653
0402 Kongsvinger17 835-1817 817
0403 Hamar30 12047030 590
0412 Ringsaker33 59718533 782
0415 Løten7 588247 612
0417 Stange20 11917620 295
0418 Nord-Odal5 131-315 100
0419 Sør-Odal7 901-447 857
0420 Eidskog6 142-106 132
0423 Grue4 76334 766
0425 Åsnes7 456-1157 341
0426 Våler (Hedm.)3 760-183 742
0427 Elverum21 0307921 109
0428 Trysil6 525216 546
0429 Åmot4 429844 513
0430 Stor-Elvdal2 600-962 504
0432 Rendalen1 881-291 852
0434 Engerdal1 305-461 259
0436 Tolga1 620-61 614
0437 Tynset5 580115 591
0438 Alvdal2 426162 442
0439 Folldal1 592-51 587
0441 Os (Hedm.)1 956201 976
0501 Lillehammer27 47630327 779
0502 Gjøvik30 13714330 280
0511 Dovre2 701-212 680
0512 Lesja2 055-52 050
0513 Skjåk2 204-92 195
0514 Lom2 347232 370
0515 Vågå3 664-153 649
0516 Nord-Fron5 741-165 725
0517 Sel5 935-45 931
0519 Sør-Fron3 15423 156
0520 Ringebu4 462344 496
0521 Øyer5 07215 073
0522 Gausdal6 227-326 195
0528 Østre Toten14 906-1914 887
0529 Vestre Toten13 180-1113 169
0532 Jevnaker6 629756 704
0533 Lunner9 044379 081
0534 Gran13 695013 695
0536 Søndre Land5 758-585 700
0538 Nordre Land6 751296 780
0540 Sør-Aurdal3 058-233 035
0541 Etnedal1 321321 353
0542 Nord-Aurdal6 458276 485
0543 Vestre Slidre2 168-532 115
0544 Øystre Slidre3 220283 248
0545 Vang1 590-401 550
0602 Drammen67 89551668 411
0604 Kongsberg27 01317327 186
0605 Ringerike29 80120230 003
0612 Hole6 767-26 765
0615 Flå1 07461 080
0616 Nes (Busk.)3 422-623 360
0617 Gol4 57834 581
0618 Hemsedal2 422172 439
0619 Ål4 71184 719
0620 Hol4 497454 542
0621 Sigdal3 512133 525
0622 Krødsherad2 275-82 267
0623 Modum13 794-713 787
0624 Øvre Eiker18 20538018 585
0625 Nedre Eiker24 43120924 640
0626 Lier25 7311025 741
0627 Røyken21 49245021 942
0628 Hurum9 413709 483
0631 Flesberg2 69952 704
0632 Rollag1 404-41 400
0633 Nore og Uvdal2 548-172 531
0701 Horten27 1786227 240
0702 Holmestrand10 74112510 866
0704 Tønsberg42 27641442 690
0706 Sandefjord45 82028346 103
0709 Larvik43 86723644 103
0711 Svelvik6 604696 673
0713 Sande (Vestf.)9 2971719 468
0714 Hof3 163173 180
0716 Re9 3611219 482
0719 Andebu5 937225 959
0720 Stokke11 65745412 111
0722 Nøtterøy21 62111421 735
0723 Tjøme4 971-354 936
0728 Lardal2 474-82 466
0805 Porsgrunn35 95515236 107
0806 Skien53 95231854 270
0807 Notodden12 7174712 764
0811 Siljan2 335122 347
0814 Bamble14 0885014 138
0815 Kragerø10 607-2610 581
0817 Drangedal4 136-74 129
0819 Nome6 534486 582
0821 Bø (Telem.)6 1011386 239
0822 Sauherad4 338-354 303
0826 Tinn5 940-975 843
0827 Hjartdal1 613-101 603
0828 Seljord2 991-202 971
0829 Kviteseid2 448-52 443
0830 Nissedal1 443241 467
0831 Fyresdal1 323-101 313
0833 Tokke2 246-252 221
0834 Vinje3 727123 739
0901 Risør6 92026 922
0904 Grimstad22 55018722 737
0906 Arendal44 31327744 590
0911 Gjerstad2 473272 500
0912 Vegårshei2 036642 100
0914 Tvedestrand6 014526 066
0919 Froland5 618915 709
0926 Lillesand10 57714710 724
0928 Birkenes5 147325 179
0929 Åmli1 84741 851
0935 Iveland1 317331 350
0937 Evje og Hornnes3 582253 607
0938 Bygland1 204-151 189
0940 Valle1 242-21 240
0941 Bykle94513958
1001 Kristiansand88 44776889 215
1002 Mandal15 5297415 603
1003 Farsund9 705259 730
1004 Flekkefjord9 096-329 064
1014 Vennesla14 30811814 426
1017 Songdalen6 4191216 540
1018 Søgne11 2602311 283
1021 Marnardal2 290342 324
1026 Åseral942-4938
1027 Audnedal1 750181 768
1029 Lindesnes4 943-104 933
1032 Lyngdal8 4971098 606
1034 Hægebostad1 702-31 699
1037 Kvinesdal5 981115 992
1046 Sirdal1 83291 841
1101 Eigersund14 942-1014 932
1102 Sandnes74 82067475 494
1103 Stavanger132 644324132 968
1106 Haugesund36 95114137 092
1111 Sokndal3 31363 319
1112 Lund3 24313 244
1114 Bjerkreim2 825-62 819
1119 Hå18 59120418 795
1120 Klepp18 9709719 067
1121 Time18 5729418 666
1122 Gjesdal11 8537611 929
1124 Sola26 096-2226 074
1127 Randaberg10 73715910 896
1129 Forsand1 23841 242
1130 Strand12 46418812 652
1133 Hjelmeland2 737-212 716
1134 Suldal3 903-343 869
1135 Sauda4 710354 745
1141 Finnøy3 221303 251
1142 Rennesøy4 856394 895
1144 Kvitsøy52414538
1145 Bokn865-10855
1146 Tysvær10 92514711 072
1149 Karmøy42 1878142 268
1151 Utsira200-2198
1160 Vindafjord8 788448 832
1201 Bergen277 391970278 361
1211 Etne4 106284 134
1216 Sveio5 593805 673
1219 Bømlo11 7783311 811
1221 Stord18 7758918 864
1222 Fitjar3 140583 198
1223 Tysnes2 797412 838
1224 Kvinnherad13 271-1413 257
1227 Jondal1 104-81 096
1228 Odda6 930727 002
1231 Ullensvang3 401-243 377
1232 Eidfjord925-6919
1233 Ulvik1 11671 123
1234 Granvin92011931
1235 Voss14 42510514 530
1238 Kvam8 475-638 412
1241 Fusa3 876283 904
1242 Samnanger2 443422 485
1243 Os (Hord.)19 74244120 183
1244 Austevoll5 118715 189
1245 Sund6 975947 069
1246 Fjell24 87035325 223
1247 Askøy28 38043428 814
1251 Vaksdal4 125-84 117
1252 Modalen381-1380
1253 Osterøy7 957808 037
1256 Meland7 8121908 002
1259 Øygarden4 8521114 963
1260 Radøy5 077335 110
1263 Lindås15 60711315 720
1264 Austrheim2 858452 903
1265 Fedje57616592
1266 Masfjorden1 701101 711
1401 Flora11 9239612 019
1411 Gulen2 37022 372
1412 Solund78515800
1413 Hyllestad1 395361 431
1416 Høyanger4 161144 175
1417 Vik2 689292 718
1418 Balestrand1 294-71 287
1419 Leikanger2 298392 337
1420 Sogndal7 839987 937
1421 Aurland1 764311 795
1422 Lærdal2 172-92 163
1424 Årdal5 35955 364
1426 Luster5 093805 173
1428 Askvoll3 023153 038
1429 Fjaler2 830212 851
1430 Gaular2 942252 967
1431 Jølster3 020163 036
1432 Førde12 90013413 034
1433 Naustdal2 840212 861
1438 Bremanger3 846-203 826
1439 Vågsøy6 046-76 039
1441 Selje2 774192 793
1443 Eid6 015466 061
1444 Hornindal1 200-61 194
1445 Gloppen5 784145 798
1449 Stryn7 1681017 269
1502 Molde26 7328126 813
1504 Ålesund46 74745447 201
1505 Kristiansund24 526-3724 489
1511 Vanylven3 256-613 195
1514 Sande (M. og R.)2 559-262 533
1515 Herøy (M. og R.)8 972188 990
1516 Ulstein8 430298 459
1517 Hareid5 189-145 175
1519 Volda9 037409 077
1520 Ørsta10 6777410 751
1523 Ørskog2 310-162 294
1524 Norddal1 652111 663
1525 Stranda4 598194 617
1526 Stordal1 020-181 002
1528 Sykkylven7 675287 703
1529 Skodje4 620544 674
1531 Sula8 952709 022
1532 Giske8 094898 183
1534 Haram9 200949 294
1535 Vestnes6 611-406 571
1539 Rauma7 492207 512
1543 Nesset2 970-42 966
1545 Midsund2 08832 091
1546 Sandøy1 270-201 250
1547 Aukra3 518403 558
1548 Fræna9 717199 736
1551 Eide3 467-143 453
1554 Averøy5 826215 847
1557 Gjemnes2 593212 614
1560 Tingvoll3 103-13 102
1563 Sunndal7 160-387 122
1566 Surnadal5 969145 983
1567 Rindal2 036-82 028
1571 Halsa1 547431 590
1573 Smøla2 141232 164
1576 Aure3 536673 603
1601 Trondheim187 3533 096190 449
1612 Hemne4 260-324 228
1613 Snillfjord9781979
1617 Hitra4 622474 669
1620 Frøya4 7991294 928
1621 Ørland5 209775 286
1622 Agdenes1 733-271 706
1624 Rissa6 644-66 638
1627 Bjugn4 779404 819
1630 Åfjord3 27203 272
1632 Roan961-4957
1633 Osen97613989
1634 Oppdal6 8861006 986
1635 Rennebu2 562-202 542
1636 Meldal3 954163 970
1638 Orkdal11 77910911 888
1640 Røros5 635-305 605
1644 Holtålen2 031142 045
1648 Midtre Gauldal6 298-136 285
1653 Melhus16 09613316 229
1657 Skaun7 7552327 987
1662 Klæbu6 067-236 044
1663 Malvik13 73812213 860
1664 Selbu4 132-234 109
1665 Tydal8513854
1702 Steinkjer21 78122322 004
1703 Namsos13 0102013 030
1711 Meråker2 523-92 514
1714 Stjørdal23 30839523 703
1717 Frosta2 631-22 629
1718 Leksvik3 531-433 488
1719 Levanger19 61026719 877
1721 Verdal14 885-4314 842
1724 Verran2 527-152 512
1725 Namdalseid1 622-381 584
1736 Snåase - Snåsa2 13942 143
1738 Lierne1 37521 377
1739 Raarvihke - Røyrvik4691470
1740 Namsskogan8673870
1742 Grong2 466-252 441
1743 Høylandet1 250111 261
1744 Overhalla3 825233 848
1748 Fosnes633-9624
1749 Flatanger1 103-101 093
1750 Vikna4 387534 440
1751 Nærøy5 126-55 121
1755 Leka56224586
1756 Inderøy6 769566 825
1804 Bodø50 48848550 973
1805 Narvik18 787-4518 742
1811 Bindal1 46581 473
1812 Sømna2 031162 047
1813 Brønnøy7 962-37 959
1815 Vega1 24401 244
1816 Vevelstad50723530
1818 Herøy (Nordl.)1 743571 800
1820 Alstahaug7 437-437 394
1822 Leirfjord2 216542 270
1824 Vefsn13 4272313 450
1825 Grane1 46261 468
1826 Hattfjelldal1 465-731 392
1827 Dønna1 402161 418
1828 Nesna1 838101 848
1832 Hemnes4 486314 517
1833 Rana26 0392926 068
1834 Lurøy1 923-131 910
1835 Træna478-10468
1836 Rødøy1 268101 278
1837 Meløy6 471-256 446
1838 Gildeskål2 043-192 024
1839 Beiarn1 034121 046
1840 Saltdal4 700-184 682
1841 Fauske9 6041259 729
1845 Sørfold1 96321 965
1848 Steigen2 54352 548
1849 Hamarøy - Hábmer1 824-81 816
1850 Divtasvuodna - Tysfjord1 974-141 960
1851 Lødingen2 144-182 126
1852 Tjeldsund1 283-271 256
1853 Evenes1 400-61 394
1854 Ballangen2 55602 556
1856 Røst551-14537
1857 Værøy765-26739
1859 Flakstad1 33621 338
1860 Vestvågøy11 1987411 272
1865 Vågan9 350759 425
1866 Hadsel8 082-917 991
1867 Bø (Nordl.)2 63232 635
1868 Øksnes4 529624 591
1870 Sortland10 21415610 370
1871 Andøy4 980-874 893
1874 Moskenes1 062-11 061
1902 Tromsø73 4801 00974 489
1903 Harstad24 6958124 776
1911 Kvæfjord3 029-442 985
1913 Skånland3 04173 048
1917 Ibestad1 403-121 391
1919 Gratangen1 137-51 132
1920 Loabák - Lavangen1 051251 076
1922 Bardu4 019-54 014
1923 Salangen2 230-232 207
1924 Målselv6 741426 783
1925 Sørreisa3 452443 496
1926 Dyrøy1 158-251 133
1927 Tranøy1 543-61 537
1928 Torsken91310923
1929 Berg915-9906
1931 Lenvik11 6182411 642
1933 Balsfjord5 701-195 682
1936 Karlsøy2 282-52 277
1938 Lyngen2 861112 872
1939 Storfjord - Omasvuotna - Omasvuono1 865201 885
1940 Gáivuotna - Kåfjord2 150-212 129
1941 Skjervøy2 92012 921
1942 Nordreisa4 89584 903
1943 Kvænangen1 23121 233
2002 Vardø2 137-322 105
2003 Vadsø6 160-586 102
2004 Hammerfest10 4556910 524
2011 Guovdageaidnu - Kautokeino2 956-92 947
2012 Alta20 09729620 393
2014 Loppa95110961
2015 Hasvik1 054-161 038
2017 Kvalsund1 035-201 015
2018 Måsøy1 215-351 180
2019 Nordkapp3 27623 278
2020 Porsanger - Porsángu - Porsanki3 978254 003
2021 Kárásjohka - Karasjok2 668142 682
2022 Lebesby1 31891 327
2023 Gamvik1 13911 140
2024 Berlevåg1 00021 002
2025 Deatnu - Tana2 922-122 910
2027 Unjárga - Nesseby959-3956
2028 Båtsfjord2 211582 269
2030 Sør-Varanger10 227-3410 193

About the statistics

The statistics shows the population in Norway and in all the Norwegian counties and municipalities. The population figures at the end of the year shows figures for age, sex, marital status and citizenship, and population changes for births, deaths, immigration, emigration and net migration are published quarterly.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Mean population: Average population at the beginning and end of the year.

Resident: Who is regarded as a resident of Norway and where in Norway a person shall be counted as a resident, is stipulated in the Population Registration Act of 16 January 1970. The regulations to the act were amended effective 1 February 1980.

The following main points from the registration rules decide who is regarded as a resident of Norway:

Persons from countries outside the Nordic countries are regarded as residents of Norway when they have lived here or intend to live here at least 6 months, even though the stay is temporary. The same six-month rule applies to migration from Norway to a country outside the Nordic countries.

The aforementioned six-month rule does not always apply to migration between Norway and another Nordic country. In Denmark, for example, a person is registered as a resident if the person intends to stay in the country at least 3 months. The same limit is used for out-migration. In Sweden and Finland the limit is one year. For persons who come/move to Norway from another Nordic country, the six-month rule is still valid, as residence is decided by the country of immigration's rules, cf. the Nordic agreement on inter-Nordic migration dated 8 May 1989. This agreement replaced a similar agreement from 5 December 1968.

People living in Svalbard, on Jan Mayen or in Norwegian dependencies who on departure were registered in the population register of a Norwegian municipality shall still be counted as residents of that municipality. The same rules apply to people on the Norwegian continental shelf.

Norwegian foreign and consular service staff and Norwegian military personnel posted for duty abroad are counted as residents of Norway. The same applies to their families.

Foreign staff at foreign embassies and consular services and foreign personnel attached to NATO are not counted as residents of Norway. The same applies to their families.

The main rule for where in Norway a person is regarded as a resident is that the person resides where he/she has their regular daily rest (night's sleep).

If the daily rest is taken in shifts at one or more places, the person is regarded as residing where, overall, they can be said to live on a regular basis. Spouses with a joint home and persons sharing a joint home with their children are regarded as residing in this home without regard to where they have their daily rest.

Single persons who attend school in another municipality are as a main rule still regarded as resident of the place they lived before starting school (the residence of their parents). Similar registration principles also apply to conscripts serving their initial military service, alternative national service conscripts, prisoners, and people admitted to hospitals.

Persons admitted to or placed in other institutions or private care are as a main rule regarded as residents when the stay is intended to last, or turns out to last, at least 6 months.

From March 1987 to January 1994 asylum seekers were usually counted as immigrants and hence also as residents even though the processing of their application for residence had not been completed. Before and after this period, only asylum seekers with residence permits have been registered.

Births: Live births

Excess of births over deaths: The difference between births and deaths also called "net natural increase in the total population". A minus sign means an excess of deaths over births.

In-migration, out-migration: Migration is the relocation of one person between two Norwegian municipalities or between a Norwegian municipality and abroad. People who move several times during a single calendar year are counted each time they move. In the migration statistics for counties, moves between the municipalities in the county are not included.

Net migration: The difference between in-migration and out-migration. A minus sign means net out-migration.

Population: All numbers cover the de jure population.

Population growth: There are two ways of calculating population growth; 1) the total of excess of births over deaths and net migration, or 2) the difference between the population on 1 January in year n+1 minus the population on 1 October (or 1 January in year n). Ideally the two methods should give the same result, but experience shows that there is always discrepancy between the two, due to revisions, annulments, delayed reports etc.

In all the quarterly statistics up to the fourth quarter of 2005 and all preliminary figures of change for the whole year up until and including 2004, the population growth has been calculated as the total of births over deaths and net migration, and provided a basis for preliminary population figures. The population on 1 April, 1 July and 1 October will continue to be calculated this way. Because preliminary figures have been replaced by final population figures as of 1 January 2006 the population growth for one year will be calculated as the population on 1 January in year n+1 minus the population in year n, and correspondingly the population growth for the fourth quarter will be calculated as the population on 1 January in year n+1 minus the population on 1 October.

Clearing-up in The Central Population Register: Persons who stay in the country for less than for six months are not registered and are not included in the figures. The Tax Administration undertakes an ongoing clear-up of the Central Population Register of out-migrated persons who no longer live in Norway. In recent years, clearing-up the Central Population Register has been standard practice.

Standard classifications

Country and citizenship in population statisticsMarital status, Municipalities

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Population and population changes
Topic: Population

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Population Statistics

Regional level

The nation, county, municipality and basic statistical unit, but for quarterly statistic and estimated populaton regional level is national, county and municipality.

Frequency and timeliness

Annually. The quaterly statistic is published about 6 weeks after referencetime, which is 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Data files at the individual level that are processed and stored long-term. The statistic about estimated population and the quaterly statistic are only stored on a short-term basis.

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics show the composition of the population (by sex, age, marital status, and residence) over time.

Annual figures for the population by sex, age, marital status and citizenship can be found dating back to 1 January 1976, whereas corresponding figures without citizenship can be found from 1 January 1971. Earlier than that, figures exist from censuses held every ten years, as well as some estimated figures from the intervening years.

The statistic on the estimated population at the turn of the year have been in existence since 1970, but only for Norway as a whole. The first estimates at county and municipal level were created on 1 January 2000. The municipal figures are less certain than the county and national figures, and the estimated population in the smallest municipalities will be more uncertain than the estimates for larger municipalities.

The statistics on quarterly population changes show population changes over a shorter period of time. The changes include events such as births, deaths and migrations, in addition to a population count.

These statistics are connected to the annual statistics on population developments. Starting in 1951, Statistics Norway has produced yearly figures on such developments, based on population register material. We have compiled statistics on the quarterly changes (births, deaths, migrations, and population count) since 1974.

Users and applications

Public administration, research institutes, the insurance industry, the media and private persons

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Population projections (prognoses)   Births   Deaths   Migrations   Internal migrations Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents

Quarterly figures

Families and households

Cohabitant couples

Legal authority

§§ 2-1, 2-2, 3 – 2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Covers all persons registered as a resident of Norway on 1 January. Definition of the main terms. All figures cover the de jure population.

Persons having migrated to Norway to work for less than half a year are not included in the statistics, and persons having emigrated without having registered this, are likewise not included.

Quaterly statistic

In 1985-1999:

Statistics Norway looked at the population at the beginning and end of the quarter along with data for births deaths and migrations that had brought about this change in the population. The statistics were extracted one month after the turn of each quarter, so that as many events as possible were included in the calculations. Events that pertained to previous quarters in the same year were included in "events so far this year" and were also included in "the population at the beginning of the quarter". Events that pertained to previous years were normally not included in these statistics, but if they were included, it would be noted in a footnote.

Thus, in 1985-1999 the statistics included events that actually took place that year and not reports from previous years that arrived too late to be included in the statistics.

Quarterly figures as of 2000:

As of the first quarter of 2000, delayed reports were also included in the quarterly figures. In addition to events that actually took place in the releveant quarter, all reports received more than one month after the end of the quarter and which applied to events in previous years and previous quarters in the current year were included.

A result of this change was that the figures in the quarterly population statistics became more in line with later published population figures than previously published figures, as the register (DSF) is updated continuously, also with late reports.

Annual preliminary figures for population and figures of change to 2004:

From 2000 to 2004, a total for the four quarterly statistics has been published as preliminary annual figures for births, deaths, migration and population at the start of a new year until final figures have become available. Prior to 2000, corresponding preliminary figures were also published for the whole country, but these were not calculated as the total of the previously published figures for the first to the fourth quarter. The method was slightly different, as the figures published for the first quarter were published first. Later in the year, when figures for the second quarter were published, the figures for the first quarter were updated, and when figures for the third quarter were published, the second quarter figures were updated. Slik blei og tala for tredjekvartal enda meir oppdatert. The total of the fourth quarter and the updated figures for the first to the third quarter were published as preliminary figures for the whole year until 2000.

Final population figures and figures of change as of 2005:

The preliminary population figures at the end of last year and figures of change for 2005 and later years have been replaced by final figures because it is possible to carry out the necessary controls earlier than before.

The population growth from 2005 is set as equal to the difference between the population at 1 January 2006 and 1 January 2005. Correspondingly the population growth in the fourth quarter equals the population difference on 1 January 2006 and 1 January 2005. As preliminary population figures (also quarterly figures including the fourth quarter) were published previously, the population growth was calculated as the total of the excess of births and net immigration, which gave the basis for the preliminary population figures. All later population figures for 1 April, 1 July and 1 October will be calculated this way.)

The two estimation methods mentioned above should ideally give the same result, but based on previous experience there is always some discrepancy due to delayed reports, annulments, revisions etc.

Data sources and sampling

Since 1970 the statistics are based on population register data. Since 1946 each municipality has had a local population registry that registers all residents in the municipality, pursuant to the Population Registration Act and its regulations. In 2005, the work methods of the population registries were changed, and there are now 97 registries with responsibility for population registrations for several municipalities in each county. The population registries receive reports of births, deaths, marriages, divorces, migration etc. from various sources.

The register was built up from 1964 to 1966 on the basis of the 1960 census, at the same time as the 11-digit national identity number was introduced as identification. The Office of the National Registrar, which administrates the register, was transferred in 1991 from Statistics Norway to the Directorate of Taxes.

Updating of the Central Population Register is done in part by the local population registries, which are connected to the DSF via terminals, and in part by the Directorate of Taxes. The basis of the statistics on changes in the population is electronic copies to Statistics Norway of all such register updates. The reports are also used to update a separate Statistics Norway population database kept for statistical purposes, which forms the basis for the statistics on the composition of the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

From January 1998 electronic copies of reports have been transferred daily from the National Registration Office to Statistics Norway, Which was previously done monthly. Before May 1995 Statistics Norway received the reports on magnetic tape every month..

In addition to the checks made by the DSF, Statistics Norway performs checks for statistical purposes. For more details of our control routines in the various subject areas, see Interne dokumenter 11/2013 Uttak til befolkningsstatistikk fra populasjonsregisteret BeReg

Population (resident persons) are summed up to basic enumeration unit, partof town municipality level.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

Due to municipal mergers and divisions and redrawing of borders, it is not always possible to compare figures when, e.g., we want to prepare a time series for a municipality. The changes can also affect county borders and thus also the basis for comparison there.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Some errors made during the collecting and processing of the data are unavoidable and include coding, revision and data processing errors etc. Extensive efforts have been made to minimize these errors, and we regard these types of errors to be relatively insignificant.

Dropout errors will be found to the extent there are persons staying in Norway not being registered as residents according to the regulations, laid down in the law on population registration of 16 January 1970. 

None because all the material rather than samples is used.

The quality of the basic data from the Central Population Register is generally very good for statistical purposes. One minus is nevertheless residence registration - in part because too many are registered as residents, but also because certain groups are registered as having another domicile than where they actually live. This is particularly true because according to the rules unmarried students are listed as residing with their parent(s).

Registration of residence From a statistical viewpoint, registration of residence can seem to be prone to error. This is particularly true in relation to the ideal situation in which everyone is registered according to the day's-rest principle. Failure to report a change of residence or delay the reporting of it also contributes to such deviations. For many analysis and planning purposes the actual residence is of interest.

A survey undertaken following the Population and Housing census in 1990 concluded that the registered residence was incorrect for 5.5 per cent of the population. Much of the deviation is due to the legal definition of residence used in the Central Population Register, which requires that students and residents of joint households to be registered somewhere else than the place they actually live. Using the place of residence definition, between 1.8 and 3.0 per cent of the people were incorrectly placed. Schjalm: "Kvalitetsundersøkelsen for Folke- og boligtelling 1990" (Quality survey for the Population and Housing Census 1990), Reports 96/10, Statistics Norway.

Out-registrations People who move abroad without reporting their departure have also been a major source of error in recent years. As a result of surveys conducted in 1993, nearly 3 000 foreign citizens who had left Norway earlier without reporting the move were registered as living abroad. Oslo was the most affected by these out-registrations (1 600 persons). Some of this out-migration should have been distributed over several years. Out-registration was also done in 1994, 1995, 1997 and 1998. Oslo registered almost 2 000 foreign citizens as having left the country in 1997 and 1998.

Despite the actions taken to remove from the rolls immigrants who have left the country without reporting their move to the population registries, there will always be a number of persons registered as residents of Norway even though they no longer live here.

Conversely, a number of people are living illegally in Norway at any one time and are therefore not included in the population count. Most of them live in Oslo. Because these two factors pull in opposite directions, they largely cancel each other out

Revision

Not relevant

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