272265
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272265
statistikk
2017-07-04T08:00:00.000Z
Social conditions, welfare and crime;Public sector
en
barneverng, Child welfare, municipal child welfare service, child welfare measures, investigation cases, reports of concerns, assistance, care, foster homes, visit homes, personal support contact, children under supervision, child welfare institutions, emergency shelter homes, neglect, child abuse, behavioural problems, placements, processing timeKOSTRA , Child welfare and family counselling , Public sector, Social conditions, welfare and crime
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Child welfare

Updated

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Key figures

54 620

children with measures from the Child Welfare Services in 2016

Main figures for the Child Welfare Services statistics
201420152016
1From 2016, figures of assistance measures per 31 December are higher than previous years. The reason is that earlier care measures during the year were prioritized over assistance measures per 31 December, and the figures for assistance measures per 31 December therefore got too low. The distribution between care measures and assistance measures is also changed, due to this change of which measure is prioritized for each child.
The figures for 2014 were corrected at 10:30 am 4 July 2017.
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services during the year53 08853 43954 620
Assistance measures43 47743 37044 386
Care measures9 61110 06910 234
 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December137 12436 81139 260
Assistance measures28 44327 80330 180
Care measures8 6819 0089 080
 
Children with placement measures per 31 December15 865
Assistance measures6 785
Care measures9 080
 
Notifications during the year52 99654 39658 254
 
Investigations started during the year41 92243 68147 865
Investigations closed during the year41 01644 10146 626
 
Total, employees5 139.25 296.15 787.3

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Table 1 
Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex

Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex
Investigated cases, totalThe case was droppedFor investigation
Year
201452 99611 02941 967
201554 39610 71043 686
 
201658 25410 34047 914
Age
0-2 years7 2711 0516 220
3-5 years9 4781 5157 963
6-12 years23 0233 84419 179
13-17 years17 0633 47513 588
18-22 years1 379437942
Unknown age401822
Sex
Boys31 6905 69825 992
Girls26 5574 63821 919
Unknown sex743

Table 2 
Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex

Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex
Investigations started during the year
Year
201441 922
201543 681
 
201647 865
Age
0-2 years6 211
3-5 years7 955
6-12 years19 160
13-17 years13 577
18-22 years938
Unknown age24
Sex
Boys25 961
Girls21 899
Unknown sex5

Table 3 
Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex

Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex
All conclusionsChild welfare service makes decision on measuresApplication for measures to county welfare boardInvestigation cases closed after assessment by child welfare serviceInvestigation cases closed at parties' requestInvestigation cases closed due to relocationUnknown
Year
201441 01617 31059718 0963 1031 9100
201544 10117 76663320 0903 6052 0070
 
201646 62619 05748021 2533 8082 0280
Age
0-2 years5 5302 066922 6034043650
3-5 years7 5862 956803 5335704470
6-12 years18 6507 9021888 3301 5187120
13-17 years13 4915 6871166 0531 1814540
18-22 years1 3444403722134450
Unknown age256112150
Sex
Boys25 13010 52123911 2681 9921 1100
Girls21 4928 5362409 9821 8169180
Unknown sex4013000

Table 4 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age

Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services during the yearChildren with measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
2016Total sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
 
 All measures
Years, total54 62030 20424 415139 26021 85017 410..
0-22 years54 36030 05124 309039 24521 84117 4040
0-17 years47 50826 20421 304034 74219 27215 4700
0-2 years3 3511 7591 59202 4781 2801 1980
3-5 years6 6623 5483 11404 6802 4862 1940
6-12 years20 56811 5099 059014 9068 3466 5600
13-17 years16 9279 3887 539012 6787 1605 5180
18-22 years6 8523 8473 00504 5032 5691 9340
Care measures
Years, total10 2345 3864 84809 0804 7994 2810
0-22 years10 2345 3864 84809 0804 7994 2810
0-17 years9 4875 0194 46809 0804 7994 2810
0-2 years48225223004682432250
3-5 years1 02451051409684794890
6-12 years3 9792 1481 83103 8292 0681 7610
13-17 years4 0022 1091 89303 8152 0091 8060
18-22 years7473673800......0
Assistance measures
Years, total44 38624 81819 567130 18017 05113 129..
0-22 years44 12624 66519 461030 16517 04213 1230
0-17 years38 02121 18516 836025 66214 47311 1890
0-2 years2 8691 5071 36202 0101 0379730
3-5 years5 6383 0382 60003 7122 0071 7050
6-12 years16 5899 3617 228011 0776 2784 7990
13-17 years12 9257 2795 64608 8635 1513 7120
18-22 years6 1053 4802 62504 5032 5691 9340

Table 5 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex

Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex
2016Children with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 December
Years, totalType og measuresTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
Corrected 20 July 2017.
 Children and adolescents, total
TotalAll measures54 62030 20424 415039 26021 85017 4100
 Care measures10 2345 3864 84809 0804 7994 2810
 Assistance measures44 38624 81819 567030 18017 05113 1290
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures1 9851 07890701 2876945930
 Care measures23912411502111101010
 Assistance measures1 74695479201 0765844920
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures12 8747 8585 01609 3055 7973 5080
 Care measures1 53181571601 3467166300
 Assistance measures11 3437 0434 30007 9595 0812 8780
Children are dependents without immigrant-backgroundAll measures39 36021 03718 323028 41715 20913 2080
 Care measures8 4304 4284 00207 4923 9553 5370
 Assistance measures30 77816 53814 240020 92511 2549 6710
UnknownAll measures40123116902511501010
 Care measures34191503118130
 Assistance measures3672121540220132880
Immegrants
TotalAll measures8 3885 4142 97406 2914 1512 1400
 Care measures83643640006913663250
 Assistance measures7 5524 9782 57405 6003 7851 8150
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures1 36474861608734783950
 Care measures1709278014780670
 Assistance measures1 19465653807263983280
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures7 0244 6662 35805 4183 6731 7450
 Care measures66634432205442862580
 Assistance measures6 3584 3222 03604 8743 3871 4870
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents
TotalAll measures6 4713 5222 94904 3012 3401 9610
 Care measures93450343108664604060
 Assistance measures5 5373 0192 51803 4351 8801 5550
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures62133029104142161980
 Care measures69323706430340
 Assistance measures55229825403501861640
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures5 8503 1922 65803 8872 1241 7630
 Care measures86547139408024303720
 Assistance measures4 9852 7212 26403 0851 6941 3910

Table 6 
Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure

Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure
2016Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
All types of measures83 970
Institutions1 212
Child welfare institutions1 160
Other institutions45
Other institutional measures7
Foster homes11 771
Foster homes of family and close network2 893
Foster homes outside family and close network7 497
Public family homes633
Foster homes under § 4-27 Child Welfare Act12
Emergency shelter homes712
Other foster home measures24
Measures to enhance parenting skills21 723
MST (Multisystemic Therapy)313
PMTO (Parent Management Training Oregon)540
FFT (Functional Family Therapy)110
Webster Stratton - The Incredible Years26
ICDP (International Child Development Programme)75
Marte Meo150
Other home-based measures2 068
Family support centres197
Decisions on advice and guidance13 190
Home adviser/therapist2 086
Other measures to enhance parenting skills2 968
Measures to enhance the child's development31 006
Kindergartens2 638
Before and after school care3 105
Leisure activities2 414
Financial assistance7 977
Home visits/respite measures7 241
Support person2 103
Discussion groups/children's groups186
Education and employment536
Aggression Replacement Therapy (ART)8
Other measures to enhance the child's development4 798
Supervision and control4 346
Voluntary supervision at home575
Imposed supervision at home331
Supervised visits1 968
Substance abuse control1 101
Other superivision and control measures371
Networking/cooperation with other services9 350
Family Group Conference636
Network meetings190
Individual plan57
Participation in accountability/support groups7 557
Other networking measures/cooperation with other services910
Investigation and treatment from other services940
Medical investigation and treatment (§ 4-10 Child Welfare Act)143
Treatment of children with special training needs (§ 4-11 Child Welfare Act)2
Mental health care for children and youths390
Other investigation and treatment measures from other services405
Housing3 622
Financial assistance with own housing537
Housing with support (including home share)2 837
Life skills training5
Other housing measures243

About the statistics

The statistics provide figures on the Child Welfare Services. The figures include notifications, investigations and measures, and the children involved. The work of the Child Welfare Services is aimed at children and adolescents aged 0–23. Figures on full-time equivalents (FTEs) in the Child Welfare Services are also included.

 

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Notifications: Upon receiving a notification, the Child Welfare Services must review it as soon as possible, within a week, and decide whether no action is to be taken or whether an investigation should be initiated. Until 2013, Statistics Norway did not collect data on notifications where no action was taken and where no investigation was initiated.

Investigations: The Child Welfare Services have a right and duty to initiate an investigation when there are reasonable grounds to assume that a child is living in conditions that require intervention pursuant to the Child Welfare Act. Statistics Norway started collecting data on all investigations in 2013. Prior to this, if the Child Welfare Services conducted more than one investigation into the same child, only one investigation was registered; either the investigation that led to a decision to intervene or the first investigation in the statistical year.

Assistance measures: Assistance measures are in accordance with section 4-4 of the Child Welfare Act (corresponds to section 18 – Preventive measures and section 51 – Follow-up measures in the old legislation). Measures can include financial support, kindergarten placement, support contact, supervision, home visits/home respite, home consultancy, respite care in an institution, parent/child care centre placement (home for mothers), outpatient treatment in mental health care for children and adolescents, etc. The new legislation that came into force in 1993 provides for children being removed from the home, and placed in a foster home, for example, without the need for a decision to provide care. According to section 4-4 fifth paragraph of the Act, such placements are categorised as assistance measures.

Care orders: Care orders are in accordance with section 4-12 of the Child Welfare Act (section 19 in the old legislation). All decisions on providing care for a child and placing him or her in foster care are made by the county social welfare board. Care orders are provided for in section 4-12, and include placement in a care centre for minors, foster home, an institution or a training or treatment institution. When the child is in care, all measures aimed at the child are registered as care orders. Until 2013, local authorities was responsible for reporting whether a measure was a care order. As from 2013, Statistics Norway reports whether a measure is an assistance measure or a care order as provided for in the legislation.

Follow-up care: In 1998, amendments to the Child Welfare Act meant that measures that were initiated before a child turned 18 could be continued or replaced with other assistance measures if the child agreed. Such measures can continue until the child reaches 23 years of age, and a generic term for measures in the age group 18-22 is follow-up care.

New children in the Child Welfare Services: All children who are subject to child welfare measures in a statistical year, who are not included in the child welfare statistics in the preceding year, are defined as ‘new children’ with measures. This means that even if the child is registered as a new child in the child welfare statistics, he or she may have received help previously. Use of personal identification numbers is crucial here for identifying the new children in the Child Welfare Services.

Staff are registered under the following education categories: social workers, child welfare educationalists, other university college/university education, office/commercial education, other education/unskilled.

Organisation: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services are organised as one host municipality partnership and/or as part of NAV.

Quality indicators: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services have a system for user surveys, if they have a user survey in the statistical year and if the Child Welfare Services have internal controls.

 

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Child welfare
Topic: Social conditions, welfare and crime

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Social Welfare Statistics

Regional level

Figures for the country as a whole, parts of the country, child welfare regions, counties, municipalities and districts in Oslo.

Frequency and timeliness

Unrevised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 March every year.

Revised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 June every year.

Daily statistics are published every year at the end of June/beginning of July.

International reporting

Nordic Social-Statistical Committee (NOSOSKO).

Microdata

Statistics Norway has yearly datasets and dataset explanations, in addition to a historical dataset at individual level consisting of figures on assistance measures and/or care orders for the period 1993-2015.

Background

Background and purpose

The child welfare statistics were first published in 1900, and until 1954, comprised of summary statistics compiled on the basis of annual reports from the predecessor to the current Child Welfare Services. Until 1915, the statistics were produced by the Ministry of Church Affairs and Education, and subsequently by Statistics Norway. Since 1954, child welfare statistics have been prepared based on annual reports from the local authorities. A major reorganisation took place in the 1990s, and in 1992, the range of data was considerably extended. This reorganisation led to a break in some of the time series, including the figures on ‘new’ child welfare clients. Figures on new clients from before and after 1992 are therefore not directly comparable. In 1993, the registration form was changed as a result of new child welfare legislation. The new legislation provides for children being placed outside the home without the need for a decision by the county social welfare board to take over care of the child. However, the figures on children in care from 1993 are comparable.

In 1997, it was decided that notifications to the Child Welfare Services would be excluded, and that only information about who reported the case and the content of the notification would be registered for the children for whom the Child Welfare Services started or ended investigations in the statistical year.

In 1998, an amendment was made to the Child Welfare Act of 1993. The age of children and adolescents who could have follow-up measures was increased from 18-20 to 18-22. Thus, the age group included in the statistics on child welfare was changed.

2002 saw a major reorganisation in the child welfare statistics, with the KOSTRA functions 251 and 252 being included in the reporting basis.

In 2007, the KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare was changed. The figures on measure categories was expanded.

The reporting of 15 Child Welfare was changed in 2013. The form is no longer available, and the data system can only produce file extractions. All notifications and investigations are now reported, while previously only one investigation was reported per child. The figures on measure categories have been expanded and eight main categories of measures with subcategories have been introduced. Statistics Norway now distinguishes between assistance measures and care orders as provided for in the legislation, and whether the measure is function 251 or 252 according to the measure categories. The local authorities previously reported this themselves.

In 2010, employees in the Child Welfare Services were included in the general child welfare statistics. These were previously published separately http://www.ssb.no/barnevernp/.

 

Statistics on personnel in the social security offices, which are summary statistics, were first collected in 1984. It was not until 1991 that a distinction was made between the different categories of child welfare staff. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and positions are now registered according to education, and converted to FTEs. In addition, figures on vacant positions were included as from 31 December 1992. In 2012, positions linked to functions were also reported explicitly in addition to positions in function 244, and in 2013, positions linked to function 252 were also included.

 

Information on organisation and cooperation was first published in 1993. Quality indicators for the Child Welfare Services were first published in 2006.

 

Users and applications

Users: Ministry of Children and Equality, other ministries, Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir), Norwegian Board of Health Supervision, County Governor, county authorities and local authorities, research institutions, the media and students.

Applications: Public planning, research and studies, education and public debate.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

The reports are collected by Statistics Norway for the Ministry of Children and Equality, under the provisions of the Act of 17 July 1992 No. 100 relating to Child Welfare Services section 2-3. Pursuant to the Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2, Statistics Norway shall use the reports in the preparation of official statistics.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Not relevant

Data sources and sampling

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare, and a dataset explanation were used as a basis for data registration. The reporting deadline is 15 January the year following the statistical year. For local authorities with a child welfare programme, a file extraction is made, which is sent electronically to Statistics Norway. Until 2013, the local authorities that did not have such a programme submitted electronic forms from Statistics Norway’s website.

In return, the local authorities receive summary tables and error lists for submitted child welfare statistics. They then have to check whether the figures are correct, and report any errors in the submitted data to Statistics Norway. In 2013, the local authorities were asked to review the KOSTRA publications on 15 March and give Statistics Norway feedback on whether the figures were correct, and no error lists were sent out.

KOSTRA form 8 Personnel and organisation of the Child Welfare Services is submitted electronically from Statistics Norway’s website every year, with a deadline of 15 February.

In cases of inter-municipal cooperation, one file/form is to be submitted for each local authority.

The child welfare control program, which is available on Statistics Norway’s website, plays a key role in the regular control and audit routines for the statistics. The local authorities run the control program before submitting child welfare datasets to Statistics Norway, correcting as many errors as possible before submission. In 2013, most of the controls prevented the submission of file extractions and had to be corrected by the local authorities. After receiving a file, Statistics Norway also runs the control program. Preliminary tables with main figures and error lists are sent to the individual local authorities. The Child Welfare Services in the relevant local authority adds the correct information to the error list before returning it to Statistics Norway for revision and production of the figures.

Controls of data on employees are based on a comparison of the figures from the preceding year, and the local authorities are contacted if there are major discrepancies so that they can create or submit a new form where relevant.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

At municipality and district level, cells in the tables containing three or fewer units are suppressed prior to publishing.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 1980-1985, personal identification numbers were not used in the registration, which made it impossible to control for duplications. Figures from these years are therefore not fully comparable with the preceding and subsequent periods. The figures on children in care in 1992 are assumed to be too high because the 1992 statistics form was designed so that all placements were registered as care placements. There is a break in the 1993 series of new children with measures as a result of a new definition of new children.

In 2002, the child welfare form was changed to include more categories of measures.

A reorganisation in 2007 saw the introduction of more types of measures and information being collected. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2002-2006 are fully comparable.

The main figures for 2007 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years in relation to, for example, the number of children with measures, children with care orders, assistance measures, placements and investigations. Also in that year, more options for measure type and reporting body were added. There may therefore be a break in terms of the measure category ‘other measures’ and the category ‘other’ for the reporting body.

There was a further reorganisation in 2013, with the collection of notifications, more categories for content in the notification, minor changes in the categories of who submitted the notification, collection of all investigations – not just one per child, and more types of measures. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2007-2012 are fully comparable. The main figures for 2013 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years, i.e. the number of children with measures, children with care orders and assistance measures, the number of children under investigation. There is a break in the investigation cases, but the number of children subject to investigation will still be published.

There are no figures for employees in the municipal child welfare services during the period 1984-1990. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and the registration of personnel has not changed markedly since then. As of 2012, employees in function 251 Child welfare measures when the child is not placed by the Child Welfare Services were included in form 8 in addition to employees in function 244 Child Welfare Services. This makes it difficult to compare the total number of employees because we assume that those in function 251 were also reported before 2012 by some local authorities. In 2013, employees in function 252 Child welfare measures when the child is placed by the Child Welfare Services were also included in form 8.

Contact

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