Norwegian companies are owned from other Nordic countries
|Enterprises||Persons employed||Turnover [mill. NOK]|
|Enterprises under foreign control, in all||7 249||336 916||1 326 602|
|Sweden||2 200||83 213||227 450|
|Denmark||964||32 127||91 967|
|United Kingdom||698||37 497||145 422|
|United States||582||56 013||280 726|
|Germany||334||20 137||75 404|
|Netherlands||249||12 060||79 652|
|France||220||18 147||81 732|
|Finland||283||13 307||57 396|
|Switzerland||199||15 813||65 797|
|In per cent|
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|Number of enterprises||Number of persons employed||NOK million|
|Personell costs||Turnover||Production value||Value added at factor cost||Total purchases of goods and services||Purchases of goods purchased for resale in the same condition as received||Gross investment4|
|1Subsidiary enterprises under direct or indirect control by foreign enterprises.|
|2Section K Financial intermediation are not included.|
|3The enterprise in the ownership chain which is not controlled by another enterprise.|
|4Aquistion of tangible assets (ev fixed).|
|Corrected 7 July 2017.|
|Total||7 249||336 916||234 087||1 326 602||1 044 555||429 402||875 655||291 254||95 941|
|EU||5 788||237 596||152 887||835 887||665 965||290 197||538 302||177 624||67 903|
|Nordic contries||3 506||129 627||73 522||379 577||280 278||101 958||263 475||99 294||15 977|
|Europe||6 173||261 255||167 796||916 095||734 223||310 123||598 475||189 636||69 603|
|America||734||61 244||53 820||330 133||257 823||102 332||213 290||73 367||25 091|
|Asia||281||13 027||11 397||75 484||48 158||15 074||60 950||27 792||992|
|Oceania and Polar regions||25||1 302||:||:||:||:||:||:||:|
|United States||582||56 013||48 956||280 726||230 781||94 767||180 517||51 098||23 717|
|Sweden||2 200||83 213||46 396||227 450||173 742||64 327||159 780||53 770||13 541|
|Great Britain and N-Ireland||698||37 497||27 394||145 422||128 328||56 805||85 797||17 127||6 345|
|China||30||2 607||2 472||18 557||14 307||4 485||14 288||4 294||386|
|Japan||73||3 499||2 479||24 453||10 727||3 589||21 199||14 096||225|
Enterprises under foreign control compared with all enterprises within the whole business economy 2010-2015
|Number of enterprises||Number of persons employed||NOK million|
|Personnel costs||Turnover||Production value||Value added at factor cost||Total purchases of goods and services||Purchases of goods purchased for resale in the same condition as received||Gross investment,34|
|1Subsidiary enterprises under direct or indirect control by foreign enterprises.|
|2Section K Financial intermediation is not included.|
|3Aquistion of tangible assets.|
|4Sections D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and E Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities are included in the statistics from 2008. Investment prior to 2012 for the oil and gas industry ara to low due to incomplete informatioen. This change in method creates a break in the time series.|
|Enterprises under foreign control|
|2010||6 114||289 443||158 310||1 123 048||829 257||364 083||736 426||292 418||22 788|
|2011||6 034||299 924||175 632||1 200 557||917 725||406 793||780 506||255 412||30 376|
|2012||6 251||305 982||186 797||1 312 884||1 010 447||461 427||832 641||281 700||139 010|
|2013||6 400||310 816||199 734||1 387 576||1 071 437||450 750||911 178||303 252||117 300|
|2014||6 965||337 639||223 634||1 491 506||1 158 748||466 833||991 743||328 536||115 473|
|2015||7 249||336 916||234 087||1 326 602||1 044 555||429 402||875 655||291 254||95 941|
|All enterprises in the whole business economy|
|2010||266 765||1 444 976||651 459||4 503 525||3 513 366||1 450 988||3 046 589||999 537||244 985|
|2011||271 018||1 477 622||697 900||4 913 633||3 897 854||1 610 715||3 300 981||1 001 026||260 874|
|2012||277 638||1 508 378||743 689||5 163 349||4 113 056||1 723 120||3 434 449||1 035 937||382 118|
|2013||280 806||1 537 811||801 243||5 233 353||4 168 830||1 731 279||3 498 593||1 057 690||359 677|
|2014||285 012||1 566 399||825 561||5 361 489||4 249 515||1 716 980||3 631 643||1 114 851||367 145|
|2015||292 119||1 608 589||848 878||4 888 692||3 723 821||1 717 472||3 197 667||1 157 720||371 762|
|Enterprises under foreign control in per cent of all enterprises within the whole business economy|
About the statistics
The statistics provide an overview of foreign-controlled enterprises’ activity in Norway, and their effect on the economy, with a particular focus on employment and value added.
- Number of enterprises
- In the Standard Industrial Classification (SN), an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that produce goods or services, and which to a certain extent have independent decision-making powers.
- Number of employees
- The number of employees is defined as the sum of owners and paid employees working in the enterprise. Persons with more than one position may be counted as employed in more than one business. Figures on number of employees in the structure statistics show an average number of employees for the year.
- Salary and personnel costs
- Salary costs include wages, holiday pay, fees etc., employer's National Insurance contributions, reportable pension costs and other personnel costs. Salary costs do not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships, or to family members with no fixed salary.
- Turnover is defined as the enterprise's operating revenues minus public subsidies, special public duties in relation to sales and profit from the sale of fixed assets. Taxes and duties are included, but VAT is not.
- Production value
- Production value is defined as turnover adjusted for changes in the stock of finished goods, work in progress and goods and services bought for onward sale. The purchase of merchandise is deducted, while capitalised investments by the company are added.
- Production value for the main industry sector C Oil and gas exploration
- Due to poor data quality purchases of goods purschased for resale are not included.
- Value added (factor prices)
- Value added is defined as the sum of the output value minus the purchase of goods and services (for goods and services other than those bought directly for onward sale) and adjusted for changes in the stock of raw materials and consumables. Special public subsidies for manufactured/sold goods and other public subsidies//reimbursements are included.
- Total purchase of goods and services
- The total purchase of goods and services includes the value of all goods and services that are purchased during the course of the year for onward sale, for use in the enterprise's own production process or for storage. The procurement of tangible fixed assets is not included in these figures.
- Purchase of merchandise
- The purchase of merchandise includes the value of all goods that are purchased by the enterprise for onward sale without any further processing.
- Gross investments
- Gross investments include procurements of fixed capital, such as buildings and plants (excluding housing), machines, tools, instruments, fixtures and fittings and transport (excluding private use), both new and used. Sums spent on improvements/extensions to these are also added. Gross investments are quoted exclusive of incoming VAT.
Norwegian Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007), which is based on the industrial classifications approved by the EU (NACE Rev.2 ) and the UN (ISIC Rev.4).
Enterprises that operate businesses in a number of industries, are in principle classified according to the business that contributes most to the company's total added value. The country codes are in accordance with the ISO standard for country codes, ISO 3166.
Name: Foreign subsidiaries in Norway
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts
Division for Manufacturing and R&D statistics
National level. Abroad is divided into countries and country groups.
Yearly. The statistics are released within 20 months after the reference year, starting with the statistics for the year 2007.
Reporting to Eurostat and the OECD
Raw data and revised microdata are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's standard for archiving files (DataDok).
The purpose is to provide a complete overview of foreign-controlled enterprises' economic activity in Norway, and their effect on the Norwegian economy, particularly in relation to employment and added value.
The statistics are internationally known as Foreign Affiliates Statistics. A simplified name is inward FATS..
Figures on foreign-controlled enterprises' activity in Norway are used to measure the extent of globalisation, international trade negotiations and economic research, amongst other things. Users are authorities, industry, embassies, education and research institutes etc. Data is also reported to Eurostat (the Statistical Office of the European Communities) and the OECD, in line with the obligations stipulated in the EEA agreement and other international agreements.
No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.
The figures for the individual industries included in the FATS statistics are based on Statistics Norway's enterprise-based structure statistics for these industries. The structure statistics provide detailed information on the activity in different industries. The direct link to the structure statistics makes it possible to make industry comparisons between nationally-controlled and foreign-controlled enterprises. For more information about the different industries see structure statistics
For some industries Statistics Norway releases statistics that differs from the ordinary structural business statistics. This applies to “Mining and quarrying” (NACE 06) and “Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply” (NACE 35). The performance of these industries will thus be slightly different from the results recorded in the Inward FATS statistics. The annual statistics for the extraction of crude oil and natural gas uses field/concession as observation unit, while the annual statistics for electricity includes all electricity plants that have a license for electricity generation, transmission and distribution of electricity or trade of electricity. The annual statistics for district heating is based on data collected by questionnaire and includes all district-heating plants. The inward FATS statistics only includes investments in material assets. Exploration and concept studies are thus excluded since these are intellectual property assets.
With regard to foreign ownership, the statistics on foreign direct investments in Norway (inward FDI) are related to the FATS statistics. The statistics on inward FDI stocks describe the liabilities abroad in the form of foreign-owned share capital and other capital linked to direct investments. However, these statistics say little about how foreign ownership interests in Norway affect other aspects of the Norwegian economy. The FATS statistics are extremely helpful in being able to describe this effect, and are a natural continuation of Statistics Norway'' existing statistics on the globalisation field.
Statistics on Norwegian enterprises abroad (outward FATS) http://www.ssb.no/ufats/ shows equivalent relations where norwegians controll enterprises outside Norway.The statistics follow the same international requirements as inward FATS
The statistics are based on the re-use of various primary statistics and the associated authority, which is § 2-2 and § 3-2 of the Statistics Act. 2-2 and § 3-2 of the Statistics Act.
Regulation (EC) no. 716/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on Community statistics on the structure and activity of foreign affiliates (the FATS regulation)
The statistics are prepared in line with recommendations by Eurostat, stipulated in "Recommendations manual on the production of Foreign Affiliates Statistics"
The statistics cover foreign-controlled enterprises in Norway, i.e. subsidiaries that are controlled either directly or indirectly by an enterprise abroad. See section 4.1 for a closer definition of "foreign-controlled". Only active enterprises are included in the population. Figures are also presented for the industry as a whole as a reference for the statistics on the foreign-controlled enterprises.
The statistics cover enterprises within the main industry sectors; oil and gas exploration and mining and quarrying, manufacturing, Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply, water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation,construction, wholesale an retail trade, transporttation and storage, accomdation and food service activities, information and communication, real estate activities, professional, scientific and tecnical activities and administrative and support services activities.
Enterprises within financial services and insurance are not included in the population. Neither are agriculture and forestry, fishing, public administration, education, health and social work and other community, social and personal service activities.
In order to define which companies are controlled from abroad, we use the Directorate of Taxes' register of shareholders. The press and Internet etc. are also used to map new foreign-controlled enterprises in Norway, and to map the ultimate country of ownership (the country in which the enterprise in the ownership chain that is not controlled by another enterprise is located).
The FATS statistics include a full count of active foreign-controlled enterprises.
There is no separate data collection for statistics on foreign-controlled enterprises' activity in Norway, cf. 3.2. These statistics are based on Statistic's Norway's structure statistics, which in turn use data from administrative registers such as the Directorate of Taxes' standard industrial form, the register of company accounts at Brønnøysund, the census of entrepreneurs liable to value added tax (the VAT register) and the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Organisation's register of employers and employees. Additional information is also collected for the structure statistics from separate forms completed by a sample of enterprises.
Controls and alignments are carried out in the structure statistics of the data that emanates from tax questionnaires and supplementary forms for the enterprises included in the sample. Industry classification, number of employees, turnover, salary expenses, other operating costs, operating result, investments and costs of goods are all particularly critical controls.
The revision of the data material is carried out according to comparisons with figures for the previous year, the central register of establishments and enterprises, the register of company accounts at Brønnøysund, other available sources and in consultation with the customer where necessary.
With regard to the foreign-controlled enterprises, ownership is checked by reviewing the data from the register of shareholders, and with information from accounts and the companies' websites etc. on the enterprises' ultimate country of ownership.
Figures are not published where a cell in the table consists of less than three units, as this may enable the identification of a respondent, i.e. where figures can be traced to a respondent. This also applies to cells with more than three units where one or two respondents dominate the figures.
Definitions of some identifiers, e.g. number of employees, have changed during the period to which the figures relate. Attempts have been made to take this into consideration in order to make the figures as comparable as possible over time.
Read more about these figures
Further growth in globalizationPublished 29 June 2017
The total number of foreign-controlled Norwegian enterprises continues to rise, and the strongest growth is in Swedish and Danish ownership. However, enterprises that are owned from the USA contribute the most to value added.More