281732
/en/utdanning/statistikker/nasjprov/aar
281732
Consistent disparities in national tests
statistikk
2017-01-31T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
nasjprov, National tests, pupils, primary and lower secondary schools, results, pupil performance, command levelEducation, Primary and lower secondary schools, Immigration and immigrants, Education
true
The results from Norwegian national tests show that the same groups are achieving the highest proficiency level year after year.

National tests

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

23.0 %

of pupils in 5th grade achieved the lowest level in mathematics

Proportion of pupils at the lowest level in national tests in 5th grade, by sex, immigration category and parents' educational attainment level.
2016
Proportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. English 5th gradeProportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Reading 5th gradeProportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Mathematics 5th grade
All pupils24.425.423.0
 
Sex
Boys23.327.621.3
Girls25.523.124.9
 
Immigration category
Immigrants27.842.936.1
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents22.535.533.4
Other pupils24.323.321.2
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Parents do not have tertiary education31.935.533.6
Parents have tertiary education19.618.516.0

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by parents' educational attainment level, the centrality of pupils' school municipality and years. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by parents' educational attainment level, the centrality of pupils' school municipality and years. Per cent
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123123123
2016
All pupils
Central municipalities22.851.325.924.150.425.621.851.526.7
Quite central municipalities27.052.120.927.651.720.725.652.821.6
Less central municipalities28.751.020.328.651.120.325.552.522.0
Least central municipalities29.750.819.429.751.918.426.953.519.6
 
Parents do not have tertiary education
Central municipalities30.650.618.934.851.613.633.151.815.0
Quite central municipalities33.750.016.437.350.212.535.351.113.6
Less central municipalities35.149.215.736.749.713.632.652.714.7
Least central municipalities35.647.916.436.651.212.234.851.813.4
 
Parents have tertiary education
Central municipalities18.352.029.717.549.832.714.951.433.7
Quite central municipalities22.153.923.920.253.026.818.354.327.4
Less central municipalities23.852.623.522.152.325.619.352.827.9
Least central municipalities24.753.421.922.852.924.319.355.325.3
 
Parents' educational attainment level is unknown
Central municipalities24.842.432.842.545.212.337.547.415.1
Quite central municipalities31.841.227.150.040.69.437.748.114.2
Less central municipalities39.741.419.053.742.63.754.338.67.1
Least central municipalities26.750.522.848.943.57.643.346.210.6

Table 2 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the centrality of pupils' school municipality. Years. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the centrality of pupils' school municipality. Years. Per cent
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
2016
All pupils
Central municipalities8.216.842.420.811.89.316.740.820.213.07.021.338.221.512.1
Quite central municipalities10.419.542.918.38.910.219.942.418.19.48.025.140.319.17.5
Less central municipalities11.019.344.417.28.011.319.042.817.99.08.123.941.818.18.1
Least central municipalities11.020.342.817.48.510.418.943.318.09.57.924.939.718.88.7
Parents do not have tertiary education
Central municipalities13.022.543.015.36.214.823.543.113.55.211.630.738.713.95.1
Quite central municipalities14.923.841.814.25.314.825.343.212.54.212.733.438.412.33.3
Less central municipalities14.822.442.314.85.716.123.442.312.95.211.629.341.414.13.7
Least central municipalities15.223.341.214.36.113.623.443.613.85.511.231.537.715.14.5
Parents have tertiary education
Central municipalities4.712.842.324.615.65.011.939.725.018.33.514.938.126.716.9
Quite central municipalities6.415.743.922.012.05.815.242.322.913.83.617.942.325.011.2
Less central municipalities7.216.546.819.410.16.414.943.922.312.54.319.242.821.911.9
Least central municipalities6.717.244.420.710.96.514.243.022.613.64.417.941.823.012.9
Parents' educational attainment level is unknown
Central municipalities18.023.436.713.28.731.929.727.97.33.220.730.432.313.53.1
Quite central municipalities21.028.736.510.53.332.933.526.66.30.623.438.329.17.41.7
Less central municipalities34.428.125.09.43.139.037.318.65.10.032.432.426.85.62.8
Least central municipalities14.124.741.212.97.128.821.343.82.53.814.331.938.56.68.8

Table 3 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent
2016
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123123123
Both boys and girls
All educational levels24.451.424.225.450.723.923.051.925.0
Basic school or no completed education36.146.717.243.247.49.444.645.99.5
Upper secondary education30.951.018.233.752.114.231.053.215.9
Tertiary education19.652.427.918.550.630.816.052.231.8
Unknown26.942.930.244.944.210.939.146.914.0
Boys
All educational levels23.349.027.727.649.822.521.350.428.3
Basic school or no completed education34.646.319.046.744.68.641.747.311.0
Upper secondary education29.649.121.336.950.113.028.753.018.2
Tertiary education18.749.531.820.250.529.314.649.635.8
Unknown28.040.231.848.843.87.537.947.514.6
Girls
All educational levels25.553.820.723.151.625.324.953.521.6
Basic school or no completed education37.547.215.439.850.010.247.544.68.0
Upper secondary education32.252.815.030.454.215.533.353.313.5
Tertiary education20.655.424.016.850.832.417.354.927.7
Unknown25.845.728.641.244.614.240.246.313.5

Table 4 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent
2016
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
Both boys and girls
All educational levels9.017.742.719.810.89.717.641.419.511.87.322.438.920.610.8
Basic school or no completed education19.225.839.111.93.923.029.336.78.52.520.835.732.68.52.4
Upper secondary education12.422.143.415.66.512.822.544.614.45.79.630.140.115.05.1
Tertiary education5.313.843.023.614.35.412.840.624.316.93.615.839.325.915.4
Unknown19.224.636.312.57.432.230.128.46.72.721.431.932.011.53.3
Boys
All educational levels9.617.441.121.110.812.120.340.217.010.36.920.538.621.512.5
Basic school or no completed education20.225.338.013.03.527.530.933.16.42.119.632.635.09.92.8
Upper secondary education13.321.941.616.86.516.225.641.611.94.79.028.140.915.96.2
Tertiary education5.813.641.224.914.47.015.540.921.715.03.614.137.926.717.7
Unknown19.424.338.411.66.236.332.623.06.91.220.830.232.312.83.8
Girls
All educational levels8.317.944.318.610.87.214.842.722.013.37.724.439.319.79.0
Basic school or no completed education18.326.340.310.84.418.527.840.210.52.922.138.730.27.02.0
Upper secondary education11.622.245.214.56.69.419.347.617.06.710.332.239.414.14.1
Tertiary education4.814.144.722.214.23.710.140.427.018.93.717.640.725.013.0
Unknown18.925.034.113.48.628.127.633.76.54.222.033.631.510.12.8

Table 5 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent
2016
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering Mathematics
123123123
Both boys and girls
Immigrants27.844.128.142.945.112.036.147.716.2
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents22.549.528.035.549.814.733.449.217.3
Other pupils24.352.123.623.351.225.521.252.526.3
Boys
Immigrants28.142.929.047.242.210.633.848.717.5
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents22.549.228.339.946.913.230.749.819.5
Other pupils23.049.427.625.350.624.119.650.629.8
Girls
Immigrants27.545.327.338.947.813.338.446.714.9
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents22.549.727.831.152.716.236.148.715.2
Other pupils25.654.819.621.351.826.922.954.422.7

Table 6 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent
2016
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
Both boys and girls
Immigrants16.222.437.714.98.824.826.934.19.84.317.728.934.713.55.3
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents10.119.943.417.98.716.325.241.212.15.212.127.736.116.37.8
Other pupils8.317.143.020.411.18.016.342.020.812.96.121.539.521.611.4
Boys
Immigrants16.923.038.114.47.628.629.129.79.23.515.926.436.315.16.2
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents11.021.241.717.68.419.927.638.39.84.310.926.036.817.48.9
Other pupils8.916.741.221.911.210.219.141.218.211.35.919.638.922.413.3
Girls
Immigrants15.421.937.415.49.921.124.838.510.55.119.431.333.111.94.3
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents9.118.545.318.19.112.422.744.314.56.213.329.535.315.16.7
Other pupils7.717.644.818.911.05.713.442.923.514.56.323.440.120.79.5

Table 7 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the pupils' mastering level in the corresponding test in 5th grade three years before. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the pupils' mastering level in the corresponding test in 5th grade three years before. Per cent1
2016
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
1National tests in English in 5th grade were cancelled in 2011, therefore no results are presented.
The pupils' mastering level in 5th grade
All pupils
122.938.535.82.60.223.838.035.82.30.117.850.829.81.50.1
22.914.459.519.43.73.313.954.522.16.21.816.756.022.23.4
30.31.220.941.136.50.31.621.635.740.70.21.719.840.637.6
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade33.324.826.68.66.838.027.424.36.83.533.931.622.78.03.8
 
Parents do not have tertiary education
127.139.831.01.90.227.438.632.51.40.120.953.025.01.00.0
24.417.859.615.62.54.818.456.716.63.62.722.156.916.42.0
30.52.027.142.028.30.63.030.138.627.70.63.326.843.026.3
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade42.327.622.55.32.344.729.121.43.81.043.532.917.84.41.4
 
Parents have tertiary education
118.136.941.43.30.318.736.940.63.70.213.347.736.62.30.1
21.912.259.422.04.52.310.853.125.97.91.213.255.526.04.3
30.20.818.340.739.90.21.319.234.844.60.11.217.739.941.1
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade24.019.529.213.314.026.423.830.112.07.722.428.828.012.58.3
 
Parents' educational attainment level is unknown
125.838.631.13.80.823.345.930.20.60.021.245.531.81.50.0
22.520.355.816.84.67.318.753.416.64.12.621.051.821.53.1
30.01.027.840.230.90.00.034.834.830.40.04.725.639.530.2
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade25.426.532.99.06.142.930.320.34.42.028.232.726.79.72.7

Table 8 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade and 9th grade. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade and 9th grade. Per cent
2016
Mastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
1234512345
Grade
8th grade9.717.641.419.511.87.322.438.920.610.8
9th grade5.411.135.824.623.24.315.534.225.220.9

Table 9 
Average score points on national tests 5th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category

Average score points on national tests 5th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category
2016
Score pointsPupils
EnglishReadingMathematicsEnglishReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes50505058 23458 29358 843
Boys51495129 32129 33129 795
Girls49504928 91328 96229 048
 
County
Østfold4948483 2843 2903 308
Akershus5151517 7197 7177 764
Oslo5353536 0676 0456 117
Hedmark5050501 9972 0012 017
Oppland4849491 9832 0002 011
Buskerud5050503 1593 1623 200
Vestfold5049502 7642 7772 784
Telemark5050501 8071 8281 848
Aust-Agder4949491 3981 4101 417
Vest-Agder5050502 2592 2692 292
Rogaland5049505 8995 8945 935
Hordaland4949505 7705 8055 860
Sogn og Fjordane5050511 2161 2271 234
Møre og Romsdal4949492 9492 9432 976
Sør-Trøndelag5050503 4093 4383 449
Nord-Trøndelag4848481 5851 5881 598
Nordland4849482 3782 3932 421
Troms - Romsa4849491 7921 7841 799
Finnmark - Finnmárku484748799722813
County not stated000000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education48474721 83021 92622 121
Tertiary education51525235 33735 37835 602
Unknown5145461 0679891 120
 
Immigration category
Immigrants5046473 5123 4443 616
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents5147474 3094 2694 313
Others50505050 41350 58050 914

Table 10 
Average score points on national tests 8th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category

Average score points on national tests 8th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category
2016
Score pointsPupils
EnglishReadingMathematicsEnglishReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes50505058 05558 06258 201
Boys50495129 36729 32829 470
Girls50514928 68828 73428 731
 
County
Østfold4949493 1953 2133 212
Akershus5151517 7147 7127 730
Oslo5353535 7745 7335 747
Hedmark4949492 1312 1442 142
Oppland4849492 1112 1122 098
Buskerud4949503 1163 1283 127
Vestfold4950502 7502 7632 772
Telemark4849481 9341 9251 960
Aust-Agder4950501 2741 2851 282
Vest-Agder4949502 0762 0872 094
Rogaland5049505 6735 6735 679
Hordaland5049505 8045 8335 831
Sogn og Fjordane5050521 3761 3821 381
Møre og Romsdal5049493 1283 0963 131
Sør-Trøndelag5050503 2983 3103 316
Nord-Trøndelag4849481 6131 6231 619
Nordland4949492 6142 6172 621
Troms - Romsa5151501 6671 6661 657
Finnmark - Finnmárku484847807760802
County not stated000000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education47474723 69423 74323 770
Tertiary education52535333 24933 27233 317
Unknown4642441 1121 0471 114
 
Immigration category
Immigrants4744464 0423 9804 095
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents4946483 8993 8873 887
Others50515150 11450 19550 219

Table 11 
Average score points on national tests 9th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category.

Average score points on national tests 9th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category.
2016
Score pointsPupils
ReadingMathematicsReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes545456 50756 536
Boys535428 50128 564
Girls565328 00627 972
 
County
Østfold53523 3483 321
Akershus55557 4067 407
Oslo56565 3815 377
Hedmark54532 0302 016
Oppland54532 0732 071
Buskerud54533 0132 997
Vestfold54532 6462 670
Telemark53521 8181 820
Aust-Agder53531 2641 269
Vest-Agder53532 1102 132
Rogaland53545 4295 403
Hordaland54535 7665 744
Sogn og Fjordane54551 3191 327
Møre og Romsdal53532 9683 020
Sør-Trøndelag54533 2593 206
Nord-Trøndelag53521 5891 596
Nordland53532 5342 570
Troms - Romsa54531 7421 734
Finnmark - Finnmárku5352812856
County not stated0000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education515023 59423 591
Tertiary education575631 96331 928
Unknown45489501 017
 
Immigration background
Immigrants47493 7823 903
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents50513 5993 597
Others555449 12649 036

About the statistics

The purpose of national tests is to assess the pupils’ skills in reading, mathematics and English. The tests are part of the formative assessment and are conducted by autumn in 5th, 8th and 9th grade.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Mastering levels -- There are three levels for 5th grade and five levels for 8th and 9th grade. The pupils are placed at the different levels according to their score points at the tests

Score points -- From 2014, in addition to mastering levels, the results can be measured in score points. The average in the scale is set at 50, with standard deviation 10. The original points at the test are never comparable, and the degree of difficulty will differ from year to year. Therefore a new scale which describes the pupils’ skills has been developed in order to compare between different tests and years. Item response theory (IRT) has been used to create the new scale.

The table below shows the score intervals for each mastering level in English, reading and mathematics in 5th, 8th, and 9th grade (P.S The score intervals for the reading tests are not definite)

English 5th grade

Mastering level

Score points (min-max)

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-78

Reading 5th grade

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-74

Mathematics 5th grade

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-78

English 8th grade

1

19-36

2

37-44

3

45-56

4

57-62

5

63-78

Reading 8th grade

1

18-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-75

Mathematics 8th grade

1

20-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-80

Reading 9th grade

1

18-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-75

Mathematics 9th grade

1

10-37

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-90

Standard classifications

Parents’ highest level of education is derived from register information in The National Education Database (NUDB). The new definitions of levels are used.

Immigration category is coded according to Standard for immigration category 2008. The term other pupils comprise the pupils in immigration categories A, D, E, F and G.

The centrality of pupils' school minicipality is coded according to the definitions in Centrality 2008.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: National tests
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education Statistics

Regional level

National and county level

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of national tests is to assess to what degree the school has been able to develop the pupils’ skills in reading, mathematics and English. The tests are intended as instruments for improvements and development activities locally (school and municipality level) and centrally (government level). The tests are part of the formative assessment and are conducted by autumn in 5th, 8th and 9th grade.

National tests in 5th and 8th grade have been conducted annually since 2007. The tests reflects the competence objectives of the curriculum in 4th and 7th grade. Since 2010, identical tests to those in 8th grade in mathematics and Norwegian have also been conducted in 9th grade. Starting in 2010, both the tests in mathematics and reading English are conducted electronically.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are public administration, special interest organizations, the media, researchers, business and industry. Key users are in particular the Ministry of Education and Research and the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics on national tests can be viewed in connection with education statistics covering pupils in primary and lower secondary schools.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54, section 2.2.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

National tests are conducted in 5th and 8th grade in primary and lower secondary schools. The tests are obligatory for all pupils at these grades. Each school can give exemptions according to specified conditions.

The statistics include pupils in 5th and 8th grade who have completed national tests in English, reading and mathematics. Pupils who are exempted or who have not participated in the tests are not included. Statistics about exemption and non-participation in the national tests are available from the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training online in Skoleporten .

In the statistics for 2011, participation rates are measured against the corresponding number of pupils registered 1 October the same year (GSI).

In the statistics for 2013, exemption rates by test are published.

In the statistics for 2014, participation and exemption rates by immigration category in 5th grade are published.

Data sources and sampling

The results from the national tests are collected through the test administration system (PAS), which is owned by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

Statistics Norway receives the data from the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training under the provisions of the Statistics Act.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Each school is responsible for registering the results in the test administration system (PAS). The data are stored in PAS for a limited period of time before encryption. Statistics Norway receives a copy of selected variables prior to the encryption.

The data are subject to various controls such as deletion of duplicates, comparisons with former data sets and a control of correct and valid values for each variable. All Personal ID-numbers are checked for errors.

The statistics for each national test (the three subjects) are based on calculating simple distributions of pupils across the various mastering levels.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The general rule is not to publish data if less than 3 pupils are found within a cell or unit in a table. This is to prevent identification of individuals within the statistics and follows The Statistics Act, section 2.6.

Comparability over time and space

Until 2013 the score intervals for each mastering level were set every year. From 2014 and onwards, the intervals for each level are definite for the tests in English and Mathematics. This means that from 2014 and onwards, it will be possible to compare the results over time. This is also added to the Reading test from 2016, making it possible to compare results in reading over time from 2017 onwards.

In addition, from 2014, a representative population of six per cent of the pupils will be given so-called anchor items, which will serve to link the tests from year to year, and thus makes it possible to compare the results over time. At the present stage comparison over time will be possible from 2015 in English and Mathematics.

For more information about what is new in national tests 2014, please consult the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

In 2007 the percentage distribution of the mastering levels were set according to certain criteria and statistical analyses. Each year until 2013 the mastering levels were set with the aim to achieve approximately the same average and distribution nationally as the previous years. The intention was to give best possible data for comparison at the local level.

When analyzing the national tests from 2007-2013, changes over time for a given group of pupils (e.g. county results) should primarily be interpreted not as absolute improvement/decline, but as relative changes compared to other groups (e.g. other counties) or compared to the distribution at the national level. Even though the distribution at the national level is maintained at an almost fixed level from 2007-2013, there are some variations that one should take into account when comparing results over time.

Since 2010, the results in 8th grade can be compared with the same pupils' results in 5th grade three years earlier. For some pupils (that didn't take part in the 5th grade test or came to the country after 5th grade) such a comparison is not possible. One should also note that the mastering level scale in 5th grade contains three levels, whereas there are five levels in 8th grade. These levels are thus not directly comparable.

National tests in English in 5th grade were cancelled in 2011, therefore no results are presented for this test.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

When data is compiled from administrative registers, typical errors like measurement, non-response and sampling errors do not occur in the same sense as compared to statistics compiled by forms. Errors in data collected from administrative registers can be caused by uncertainties in the definition of variables and values between those responsible for the registers and others responsible for data collection from the registers.

Even though the statistics for national tests are not based on samples, one should be precautious when comparing results based on small groups.

Revision

Not relevant.

Contact