296513
/en/utdanning/statistikker/eksuvh/aar
296513
statistikk
2017-05-03T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
eksuvh, Credits and graduations from higher education, higher education, graduates, specialist field (for example social studies, law, the humanities), Bachelor's degree, Master's degree, undergraduate studies, postgraduate studies, research education, doctorates, students, credit points production, educational institutions, type of institution, ownershipTertiary education, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
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Credits and graduations from higher education

Updated

Next update

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Key figures

6 out of 10

graduations from higher education are completed by women

Graduations and credits awarded in higher education in Norway. Type of institution, sex and immigration category1
ShareShareShare
2011-20122014-20152015-2016
1As some university colleges were merged in 2016, there was a decrease in the number of students in university colleges, as well as a corresponding increase in the number of students in universities and in specialized universities.
2Ordinary students are those registered per 1 October yyyy and are not in continuing education.
 
Graduations
Total100.0100.0100.0
Universities43.542.852.0
Specialised university institutions10.210.611.1
State university colleges38.237.228.8
Military university colleges0.60.40.4
Other university colleges7.58.97.6
 
Males39.039.038.8
Females61.061.061.2
 
Immigrants10.010.811.1
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents1.52.02.2
Other population88.587.286.7
 
Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students2
Total100.0100.0100.0
Students with 0 credits9.78.47.7
Students with 1-29 credits9.68.18.3
Students with 30-59 credits29.028.228.4
Students with 60 credits or more51.755.355.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Type of institution, sex and level of degree

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Type of institution, sex and level of degree1
2005-20062014-20152015-2016
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemales
1As some university colleges were merged in 2016, there was a decrease in the number of students in university colleges, as well as a corresponding increase in the number of students in universities and in specialized universities.
2Includes Oslo National Academy of the Arts, Bergen Academy of Art and Design, Norwegian Police University College and private university colleges
3Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer
4Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years
5Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and type of institution
Total33 65013 00820 64245 80017 84327 95746 68118 12528 556
Universities11 7505 0066 74419 6227 91511 70724 2809 81114 469
Specialised university institutions1 7309737574 8602 4322 4285 1712 3602 811
State university colleges15 9925 33910 65317 0555 94311 11213 4544 3999 055
Military university colleges524662051891621018327
Other university colleges24 1261 6442 4824 0581 3642 6943 5661 3722 194
Tertiary education, short and medium324 3568 61315 74331 07411 40819 66631 62811 74719 881
Universities4 2521 5262 7268 8993 2265 67313 1155 0518 064
Specialised university institutions1 1166474693 0901 4701 6203 0761 2781 798
State university colleges15 2474 97210 27515 2095 3079 90211 9133 9637 950
Military university colleges524661821721019717225
Other university colleges23 6891 4222 2673 6941 2332 4613 3271 2832 044
Tertiary education, long48 4123 8704 54213 3195 7597 56013 6855 6967 989
Universities6 6712 9903 6819 4024 0615 3419 8804 1145 766
Specialised university institutions5783052731 7079257822 0341 053981
State university colleges7363603761 8236251 1981 5194291 090
Military university colleges0002317613112
Other university colleges242721521236413123323989150
Second stage of tertiary education58825253571 4076767311 368682686
Universities8274903371 3216286931 285646639
Specialised university institutions362115633726612932
State university colleges97223111222715
Military university colleges000------
Other university colleges21073------

Table 2 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and field of education

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and field of education
2014-20152015-2016
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemales
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years
3Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and field of education
Total45 80017 84327 95746 68118 12528 556
 
Tertiary education, short and medium131 07411 40819 66631 62811 74719 881
Humanities and arts2 3669171 4492 3789661 412
Education6 6271 7744 8536 7841 8404 944
Social sciences and law2 8169801 8362 8551 0371 818
Business and administration5 0922 2272 8654 9382 1232 815
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects4 4053 1491 2564 7103 3621 348
Health, welfare and sport8 1751 3586 8178 3021 3886 914
Primary industries16074861489256
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services1 2828594231 378888490
Unspecified field of study15170811355184
 
Tertiary education, long213 3195 7597 56013 6855 6967 989
Humanities and arts1 4435718721 361529832
Education1 3432801 0631 3503131 037
Social sciences and law2 4689471 5212 6089201 688
Business and administration2 3711 2211 1502 8441 4161 428
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects3 2082 0101 1982 8071 7331 074
Health, welfare and sport2 2195711 6482 3575691 788
Primary industries12359641336964
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services1441004422514778
Unspecified field of study------
 
Doctoral studies31 4076767311 368682686
Humanities and arts14470741245272
Education45936451629
Social sciences and law1786910917465109
Business and administration382414371720
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects535330205543350193
Health, welfare and sport456169287428169259
Primary industries------
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services115616124
Unspecified field of study---11-

Table 3 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and field of education. Numbers and per cent

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and field of education. Numbers and per cent
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
MalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
2015-2016
Total18 12528 5562 2632 91145259415 41025 051
Humanities and arts1 5472 31621234617341 3181 936
Education2 1696 01013335231732 0055 585
Social sciences and law2 0223 61522435151941 7473 170
Business and administration3 5564 2633334721351133 0883 678
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects5 4452 615965542142694 3382 004
Health, welfare and sport2 1268 961282778612081 7837 975
Primary industries1611203015--131105
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services1 0475727439152958531
Unspecified field of study52841016-14267
Per cent
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Humanities and arts8.58.19.411.93.85.78.67.7
Education12.021.05.912.16.912.313.022.3
Social sciences and law11.212.79.912.111.315.811.312.7
Business and administration19.614.914.716.229.919.020.014.7
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects30.09.242.618.631.411.628.28.0
Health, welfare and sport11.731.412.526.713.535.011.631.8
Primary industries0.90.41.30.5--0.90.4
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services5.82.03.31.33.30.36.22.1
Unspecified field of study0.30.30.40.5-0.20.30.3

Table 4 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and age

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and age
2005-20062014-20152015-2016
GraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage women
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years
3Doctoral degrees
Level and age
Total33 65061.345 80061.046 68161.2
Tertiary education, short and medium124 35664.631 07463.331 62862.9
19-24 years11 12167.517 06065.617 38665.3
25-29 years6 27957.37 33556.07 81256.9
30-34 years2 44061.32 63561.82 53658.8
35-39 years1 87868.81 53766.51 57465.4
40-44 years1 36673.61 24170.11 11067.8
45-49 years83169.374370.872869.8
50-54 years35063.736764.334567.2
55-59 years7456.811652.610747.7
60 years or older1741.24060.03053.3
Tertiary education, long28 41254.013 31956.813 68558.4
19-24 years1 23950.33 12355.92 85958.0
25-29 years4 56453.76 13754.46 54855.8
30-34 years1 15650.31 48753.71 71855.2
35-39 years51955.176161.288561.0
40-44 years33257.264767.266070.3
45-49 years27573.154766.452268.8
50-54 years19366.836467.930375.2
55-59 years10164.418372.714077.9
60 years or older3351.57047.15058.0
Second stage of tertiary education388240.51 40752.01 36850.1
25-29 years12035.019443.319137.2
30-34 years28439.844546.549047.6
35-39 years18541.631655.126752.8
40-44 years13237.118459.816555.2
45-49 years7646.112860.910457.7
50-54 years4245.26663.67959.5
55-59 years3557.14353.54465.9
60 years or older8..3141.92850.0

Table 5 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and parents` level of education

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and parents` level of education
2005-20062014-20152015-2016
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemales
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years.
3Doctoral degrees.
Level and parents´level of education
Total33 65013 00820 64245 80017 84327 95746 68118 12528 556
 
Tertiary education, 4 years or less124 3568 61315 74331 07411 40819 66631 62811 74719 881
Mother or father has long tertiary education2 8161 2001 6163 7951 7412 0544 0351 8552 180
Mother or father has short tertiary education7 1882 7864 40211 1164 4276 68911 4664 6406 826
Mother or father has upper secondary education11 0783 5987 48012 3543 9828 37212 4774 0398 438
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education2 0735951 4782 0896631 4261 9276041 323
Not stated1 2014347671 7205951 1251 7236091 114
 
Tertiary education, more than 4 years28 4123 8704 54213 3195 7597 56013 6855 6967 989
Mother or father has long tertiary education1 9279111 0162 7331 2671 4662 6551 1921 463
Mother or father has short tertiary education2 6041 2151 3894 5081 8882 6204 6881 9222 766
Mother or father has upper secondary education2 5001 1091 3913 4831 3782 1053 5981 3342 264
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education326121205508197311497168329
Not stated1 0555145412 0871 0291 0582 2471 0801 167
 
Doctoral studies38825253571 4076767311 368682686
Mother or father has long tertiary education19612076325131194288141147
Mother or father has short tertiary education21311697294127167314134180
Mother or father has upper secondary education2141328225110514622086134
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education18117422319211011
Not stated24114695495290205525311214

Table 6 
Graduations in selected programmes in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and length of study

Graduations in selected programmes in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and length of study
2015-2016
NumbersPer cent
Number of graduatesImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
Both sexes
3 year bachelor degrees27 1987.72.689.7
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training2 0046.11.692.3
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme4485.41.693.1
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme2 9037.22.590.3
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme3 7967.71.091.3
 
4 years degrees1 8412.10.997.0
Of these
General teacher training programme1 7591.50.997.6
 
5 year Master degrees12 26918.02.279.9
Of these
Master degree, law9413.34.092.7
Master degree, pharmacy12330.119.550.4
Master degree, odontology1459.77.682.8
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration1 1318.83.487.8
Master degree, teacher training, culture, languages and social studies2721.80.797.4
Master degree, teacher training, science subjects736.8-93.2
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education991.01.098.0
Graduate engineering degree98222.42.774.8
 
6 years degrees9015.73.790.7
Cand.med. degree5277.45.587.1
Cand.theol. degree342.9-97.1
Cand.psychol. degree2751.81.197.1
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)659.21.589.2
 
Second stage of tertiary education1 36838.20.461.4
 
Males
3 year bachelor degrees10 1567.42.989.7
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training2806.82.590.7
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme2044.40.595.1
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme2 2226.82.790.5
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme39312.01.586.5
 
4 years degrees4302.81.495.8
Of these
General teacher training programme3912.01.596.4
 
5 year Master degrees5 20120.52.477.1
Of these
Master degree, law3243.44.692.0
Master degree, pharmacy3438.226.535.3
Master degree, odontology2619.23.876.9
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration6258.54.087.5
Master degree, teacher training, culture, languages and social studies964.2-95.8
Master degree, teacher training, science subjects296.9-93.1
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education250.00.0100.0
Graduate engineering degree71722.32.575.2
 
6 years degrees2854.64.990.5
Cand.med. degree1906.36.387.4
Cand.theol. degree205.0-95.0
Cand.psychol. degree64-3.196.9
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)11--100.0
 
Second stage of tertiary education68245.00.154.8
 
Females
3 year bachelor degrees17 0427.82.489.8
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training1 7246.01.592.5
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme2446.12.591.4
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme6818.72.189.3
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme3 4037.21.091.8
 
4 years degrees1 4111.90.797.4
Of these
General teacher training programme1 3681.40.797.9
 
5 year Master degrees7 06816.12.081.9
Of these
Master degree, law6173.23.793.0
Master degree, pharmacy8927.016.956.2
Master degree, odontology1197.68.484.0
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration5069.12.888.1
Master degree, teacher training, culture, languages and social studies1760.61.198.3
Master degree, teacher training, science subjects446.8-93.2
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education741.41.497.3
Graduate engineering degree26522.63.474.0
 
6 years degrees6166.23.190.7
Cand.med. degree3378.05.086.9
Cand.theol. degree14--100.0
Cand.psychol. degree2112.40.597.2
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)5411.11.987.0
 
Second stage of tertiary education68631.50.667.9

Table 7 
Credits awarded in higher education in Norway. Type of institution and educational institutions. Numbers and per cent

Credits awarded in higher education in Norway. Type of institution and educational institutions. Numbers and per cent1
2015-2016
Average credits awardedNumber of registered students2Per cent
Per registered studentPer student with awarded creditsTotalWith awarded creditsWithout awarded creditsWith awarded creditsWithout awarded credits
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
2Registered students are those registered per 1 October yyyy or registered as producing credits during the yyyy/yyy+1 study year.
Educational institutions, total37.143.7293 045248 80644 23984.915.1
 
Nord university34.139.313 53911 7301 80986.613.4
Norwegian University of Life Sciences42.748.15 7255 08564088.811.2
Norwegian University of Science and Technology40.946.240 90836 2184 69088.511.5
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway39.346.116 04613 6962 35085.414.6
University of Agder39.244.512 41610 9391 47788.111.9
University of Bergen39.146.516 21113 6272 58484.115.9
University of Oslo34.943.929 82023 6596 16179.320.7
University of Stavanger38.444.111 3829 8971 48587.013.0
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design45.848.36616273494.95.1
MF Norwegian School of Theology36.343.51 18198519683.416.6
BI Norwegian Business School32.436.622 00719 4822 52588.511.5
Molde University College - Specialised University of Logistics30.534.23 3202 96335789.210.8
Norwegian School of Economics37.741.34 1683 80536391.38.7
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences37.841.71 4211 28613590.59.5
Norwegian Academy of Music42.048.37516539887.013.0
VID Specialised University College38.141.33 7863 49728992.47.6
Bergen University College42.447.69 2188 2041 01489.011.0
Buskerud and Vestfold University College35.340.411 44010 0091 43187.512.5
Hedmark University College33.438.59 2588 0251 23386.713.3
Lillehammer University College41.446.75 2794 67860188.611.4
Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences40.145.220 75718 4072 35088.711.3
Telemark University College36.642.97 6716 5361 13585.214.8
Østfold University College38.244.36 4465 55689086.213.8
Stord/Haugesund University College36.140.83 3943 00039488.411.6
Sogn og Fjordane University College41.245.33 9683 61035891.09.0
Volda University College36.541.94 0533 53551887.212.8
Sámi University College31.238.31731413281.518.5
Bjørknes University College24.032.494670024674.026.0
Queen Maud University College39.847.51 2621 05820483.816.2
Kristiania University College44.749.44 9444 47646890.59.5
Bergen Academy of Art and Design55.356.7301294797.72.3
Oslo National Academy of the Arts53.855.25205071397.52.5
NLA University College41.946.72 2111 98422789.710.3
Norwegian Police University College43.244.53 3603 2669497.22.8
Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology49.052.71 8771 74413392.97.1
Military University Colleges6.841.58 2891 3586 93116.483.6
Other University Colleges35.443.14 3363 56976782.317.7

Table 8 
Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students in higher education in Norway. Educational institution. Numbers and per cent

Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students in higher education in Norway. Educational institution. Numbers and per cent1
2015-2016
Average credits awardedNumber of ordinary students2Per cent
Per ordinary studentPer student with awarded creditsTotalWith awarded creditsWithout awarded creditsWith awarded creditsWithout awarded credits
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
2Ordinary students those registered per 1 October with start the academic year yyyy and are not on continuing education. Students on distance education and part-time students are not in the figures either.
Educational institutions, total47.951.9187 902173 34014 56292.37.7
 
Nord university45.949.57 4896 94254792.77.3
Norwegian University of Life Sciences53.055.14 2534 09316096.23.8
Norwegian University of Science and Technology50.653.728 90127 2181 68394.25.8
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway47.752.710 9379 9061 03190.69.4
University of Agder49.152.98 9628 33063292.97.1
University of Bergen47.151.912 18411 0601 12490.89.2
University of Oslo43.550.220 30817 5902 71886.613.4
University of Stavanger47.051.97 3606 66269890.59.5
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design51.652.85425301297.82.2
MF Norwegian School of Theology45.651.77836909388.111.9
BI Norwegian Business School40.843.115 98815 12985994.65.4
Molde University College - Specialised University of Logistics49.653.51 6611 54012192.77.3
Norwegian School of Economics48.750.52 8502 7519996.53.5
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences53.755.46916692296.83.2
Norwegian Academy of Music51.055.04414093292.77.3
VID Specialised University College52.153.81 8391 7825796.93.1
Bergen University College52.755.16 1835 91726695.74.3
Buskerud and Vestfold University College48.452.06 4396 00043993.26.8
Hedmark University College48.952.74 1383 83929992.87.2
Lillehammer University College50.353.72 6192 45216793.66.4
Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences49.853.113 45212 63082293.96.1
Telemark University College46.751.44 8254 38943691.09.0
Østfold University College50.353.83 8023 55724593.66.4
Stord/Haugesund University College48.552.41 9271 78214592.57.5
Sogn og Fjordane University College51.153.12 6312 52910296.13.9
Volda University College50.753.42 2602 14511594.95.1
Sámi University College52.154.37471395.94.1
Bjørknes University College26.733.24503628880.419.6
Queen Maud University College50.154.88828077591.58.5
Kristiania University College52.454.82 9962 86712995.74.3
Bergen Academy of Art and Design57.357.9259256398.81.2
Oslo National Academy of the Arts56.357.74664551197.62.4
NLA University College52.055.41 4451 3588794.06.0
Norwegian Police University College60.560.72 1252 119699.70.3
Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology53.255.41 6651 5996696.04.0
Military University Colleges28.353.81 68288579752.647.4
Other University Colleges44.552.72 3932 02037384.415.6

About the statistics

The statistics on graduations and credits from higher education include all completed degrees with a minimum duration of 2 years, and credits attained during the period 1 October-30 September. Credits from abroad are not included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Completed education: An education activity is recognised as completed when the institution the students are attending, awards them a diploma or provides some other evidence that they have met the full requirements for completion.

Completed credit points: When students pass their examinations for a given subject, they are awarded a certain amount of credit points towards their degree. One year full-time study in higher education is equivalent to 60 credit points. A four year undergraduate degree requires 240 credit points for completion.

Educational activity: According to the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000). Courses are grouped by level and field of study.

Field of study: Courses are divided into 8 different broad fields of education.

Type of institution: According to the Standard Industrial Classification of 2007.

Ownership: Classifies educational institutions as public, county/municipal or private.

School County/Municipality: Where the institution is located.

Age: Per 31 December of the school year.

Standard classifications

Educational activities are grouped by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education which was established in 1970 by Statistics Norway and later revised in 1973, 1989 and 2000. Educational institutions are classified as being higher education by the Standard Industrial Classification.

For international puprposes, the ISCED 2011 is used (International Standard Classification of Education).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Credits and graduations from higher education
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education Statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level and by educational institution. Data includes information that makes it possible to provide figures at other regional Levels.

Frequency and timeliness

Figures are published annually in May. From 2015 data on credit points was merged with data on graduations from universities and colleges. Prior to 2015 data on credit points was published separately.

International reporting

The data is provided for UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat (U-O-E).

Microdata

Statistics Norway stores all data in a proper, standardised manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

It is possible to order special tables In addition to the tables that are published by contacting Statistics Norway on telephone +47 62 88 55 00, Division for Education Statistics. The price will depend on the size of the order.

Background

Background and purpose

There is a high demand for the collection of official statistics on education. Official education statistics are individually based and document the educational activities of all Norwegian residents from completion of lower secondary school to completion of all higher education including doctoral/PhD studies.

Education statistics went through a structural readjustment in the beginning of the 1970's. All statistics on higher education were previously available through a census. Since then, data is individually based, with all educational activities being attached to each individual's personal ID-number. The data is contained in the National Education Database (NUDB) in a format that allows the production of different kinds of education statistics and connection with other types of individually based statistics where necessary (e.g. income, social-welfare).

The purpose of these statistics is to present individually based statistics of attained credit points and of graduates in higher education in Norway.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, public administration, researchers, special interest organisations, international organisations (Eurostat, OECD and Unesco), media, business and industry.

In addition, data is used internally in Statistics Norway in publications and in assignments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8.00 AM. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Data from higher education is combined with data from secondary school after the revision processes are complete. All data on education from higher education and secondary education is included in the National Education Database (NUDB). Statistics Norway uses a similar system for all individually based statistics, making it easy to combine education statistics with other areas. Labour market statistics, health statistics, living conditions statistics and income and wage statistics are examples of other individually based statistics compiled by Statistics Norway.

Legal authority

Statistics Act, sections 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

Graduation statistics from higher education include all individuals who have completed a degree 2 years or longer from an educational institution classified by the Standard Industrial Classification as a higher education institution. All ompleted educational activities during the period 1 October to 30 September each year are included.

Credit points statistics include all individuals who are registered as a student per 1 October the previous year, and students registered as producing credit points during the following 12 month period (1 October - 30 September). Norwegian students abroad are not included in the statistics as it is not yet possibe to obtain information about completed credit points abroad.

The staistics includes students and graduations in educational institutions classified by the Standard Industrial Classification as a higher education institution.

Universities: University of Oslo, University of Bergen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, University of Stavanger, University of Agder and Nord University.

Specialised university institutions: Norwegian School of Economics, Norwegian School of Theology, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norwegian Academy of Music, Norwegian Business School and Molde University College - specialised university of logistics.

University colleges are grouped into: (1) State university colleges, (2) Military university colleges and (3) Other university colleges. Other University Colleges include Oslo and Bergen`s National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian Police University College and all private university colleges.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics Norway collects data on attained credit points and graduations from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and from the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions not reporting to DBH. Information on completed doctoral degrees/PhD is included.

Surveys are not employed to collect education statistics.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Pursuant to the Statistical Act (June 1989, No. 54), Statistics Norway collects student data from the Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision. Control and revision is performed on all data received from educational institutions. It encompasses deletion of duplicate records, a control for correct and valid values for each variable and checks for missing information. Several variables are re-coded to comply with control programs run by Statistics Norway and Personal ID-numbers are referenced against Statistics Norway's population database to check for errors.

Estimation: No estimation is performed. The statistics are based on enumeration of students and attained credit points, and of graduates in higher education.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

To prevent identification of individuals within the statistics, data is not released where there are less than three students within a single cell in a table.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based data on completed education has been published annually since it was first collected in the academic year 1973/74. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The revised Norwegian Standard Classification of Education recoded education courses to enable comparison of newer and older data. While education courses are reasonably comparable over time, other variables are not (e.g. coding of institution types). Credit point variables are complete from the academic year 2004/05 onwards.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Educational statistics comprise data from the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions. Errors in the educational data may occur upon registration at the higher education institution, or during the control and revision processes performed by Statistics Norway. Overestimation of student numbers is common for universities where registration occurs with payment of registration fees rather than enrolment in subjects. An overestimation of student numbers leads to an overestimation of the proportion of students who do not complete any credit points during the academic year. Students themselves can also provide inaccurate information to the registers.

Inaccuracies in graduation statistics may occur when administrative registers wrongly define a student as meeting the requirements for completing a degree. In some cases, this diploma is issued some time after the student actually completed their degree.

Credit points statistics are further limited by inconsistent practices by the institutions in regards to registration of credit points. It appears that for certain courses, some institutions do not register attained credit points at the end of each year, but rather at the end of the final year of the programme. These students are therefore incorrectly registered as completing 0 credit points for the first 2 or 3 years, and then 180 or 240 credit points in their final year.

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.

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