Minor changes in greenhouse gas emissions in 2014
The preliminary figures for 2014 show greenhouse gas emissions from Norwegian territory of 53.8 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents, which is about the same as the previous year. Increased emissions from oil and gas extraction were offset by a decrease in emissions from heating and coastal navigation.
|2014||Change in per cent|
|Since 1990||2013 - 2014|
|1Does not include international sea and air traffic.|
|Emissions from Norwegian territory||53.8||3.5||-0.1|
|Oil and gas extraction||14.7||90.8||6.5|
|Manufacturing industries and mining||12.0||-39.0||-1.4|
|Heating in other industries and households||1.2||-56.2||-19.2|
|Aviation, navigation, fishing, motor equip. etc.||6.3||14.2||-9.3|
Emissions from oil and gas extraction increased by 0.9 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents or 6.5 per cent compared to 2013. In 2014, oil and gas extraction made up 27.3 per cent of the total emissions; an increase of 1.7 percentage points compared to 2013.
Reduced emissions from heating
Emissions from heating were 19 per cent lower in 2014 compared to 2013. One of the reasons for this reduction was an average temperature that was 2.2 ºC above normal, accompanied by a warm heating season, which was reflected in the decrease in sales of fuel oil in 2014.
Decrease in emissions from coastal navigation
Emissions from coastal navigation were about half a million tonnes of CO2 equivalents, or 15 per cent lower in 2014 compared to 2013.This is substantiated by a reduction in sales of marine gas oils in 2014, according to the statistics dealing with sales of petroleum products. The preliminary figures also show a decrease in emissions from motorised equipment of about 10 per cent compared to the previous year.
The rise in diesel cars in 2014 has led to greenhouse gas emissions from diesel fuelled vehicles being higher than in 2013. This increase was almost completely offset by a decrease in emissions from gasoline fuelled personal cars. In total, emissions of greenhouse gases from road transport are just less than one per cent higher compared to the previous year.
Decrease in emissions from industry and energy supply
Even though CO2 emissions from metal production increased by 8 per cent in 2014 a decrease in emissions of CO2 from oil refinery has led to a net decrease of about 1.4 per cent in total emissions of greenhouse gases from industry compared to 2013. Emissions from energy supply are 1.8 per cent lower in 2014 compared to 2013.
Greenhouse gas emissions from fluorinated gases increased by 0.1 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents. Emissions from these types of gases made up 2.8 per cent of the total greenhouse gas emissions. The increase in emissions originates from use of products containing fluorinated gases (heat pumps, refrigerators etc.)
Emissions covered by the emission trading scheme
Emissions of greenhouse gases from companies liable under the emission trading scheme totalled 27.2 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents in 2014. Emissions covered by quotas made up 50.6 per cent of the total emissions of greenhouse gases from Norwegian territory. Emission quotas for 18 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents were allocated for free in 2014, corresponding to 66 per cent of the total quota emissions.
The figures presented in this article are preliminary and will be revised in December 2015. The new publication will also include more detailed tables of emissions by source and by industry.
In the second period of the Kyoto agreement (2013-2020), Norway is committed to reducing its emissions of greenhouse gases to 84 per cent of the domestic emission in 1990. Norway may fulfil its obligations partly by three market-based mechanisms; International Emissions Trading, Clean Development Mechanism, Joint Implementation.
In 2008, the majority in the Norwegian parliament entered into an agreement on a national target for emission reductions. The target is to reduce the global greenhouse gas emissions by 30 per cent of domestic emissions in 1990. About two thirds of this reduction will be domestic cuts, setting the goal for total greenhouse gas emissions to 45-47 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents in 2020.