121983
121983
forskning
2013-06-10T12:13:00.000Z
en

Iulie Aslaksen

Degree
Dr. polit.
Position
Senior Researcher
Phone
+4721094581
E-mail
Iulie.Aslaksen@ssb.no
Download CV (510 KB)

About Iulie Aslaksen

ECONOR - the Economy of the North

A research project supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Nordic Council of Ministers publishes a new version of the ECONOR report The Economy of the North, based on contributions from a national and international network of researchers and statisticians. The purpose of the ECONOR project is to strengthen the social science and economic perspective in Arctic research, in connection with interdisciplinary research on climate change impacts and sustainable development.

 

CLIMATE-LAND

The project CLIMATE-LAND will contribute to knowledge on ecosystem services associated with carbon sequestration in forests and the semi-natural cultural landscape. Extensive planting of trees has been suggested as a climate policy measure in Norway. There is lack of knowledge about the actual climatic benefit of tree planting in semi-natural areas of the cultural landscape, and more scientific knowledge is needed. Studies worldwide indicate that soils and vegetation of grasslands represent a large potential reservoir for storing carbon, but this potential depends on regional environmental differences. The project will contribute with pilot studies for Nordic conditions of carbon sequestration from semi-natural cultural landscapes. Climatic benefits of tree planting depend on differences in albedo between coniferous forests, deciduous forests and the open areas of the cultural landscape. The semi-natural areas of the cultural landscape provide multiple ecosystem services - in addition to carbon sequestration - including biodiversity, landscape qualities, input to food production, grazing resources, fodder, pollination, potential for sustaining diverse farming systems, local economy, recreation, appreciation of landscape, and tourism. The project will enhance the knowledge basis for identifying trade-offs and synergies between climate policy and policy for biodiversity. The framework proposed by the UN in the recently developed SEEA Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (EEA) will be applied. The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway. Several Norwegian and international research partners participate. The project has contact with the Norwegian Environment Agency.

 

Urban environment and ecosystem services (URBAN-EEA)

The URBAN-EEA project demonstrates synergies between experimental ecosystem accounting (EEA), recently developed by the UN for the national system of economic and environmental accounts (SEEA), and municipal level mapping of urban ecosystems and their services to the population. The project is managed by the Norwegian institute for nature research (NINA) and funded by the Research Council of Norway. The Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO) is research partner, and several Norwegian and international scientific advisers contribute. Mapping and valuation methods are tested in the Greater Oslo region aimed at identifying potential trade-offs and synergies in ecosystem services from green infrastructure and urban development. The project will have close cooperation with municipal authorities in order to obtain updated knowledge on land use. Spatial mapping databases are developed that are compatible with standards for national accounting, that can be accessed and updated by land use planners and policy makers, and that provide periodically updated information to the public on the status of urban ecosystems. The project will apply land use data from Statistics Norway and will contribute to research on ecosystem services and biodiversity in the context of indicators for sustainable development.

 

BIOPOLICY: Biodiversity and Nature Index - understanding, adaptive planning, and economic policy means for management of open lowlands and forests

The purpose of the BIOPOLICY project is to identify appropriate economic policy means for biodiversity protection in open lowlands and forests, in the context of the Nature Index for Norway. BIOPOLICY is a highly interdisciplinary project where a common basis for understanding threats to biodiversity, interpretations of targets for biodiversity conservation, and challenges for biodiversity policies will be developed through cooperation between natural scientists and social scientists, with an economic policy application of the Nature Index for Norway. Targets for biodiversity protection, specified in terms of the Nature Index, will be combined with economic models of environmental impacts of agriculture and forestry. These two economic models will be augmented by measures of biodiversity. The BIOPOLICY project will contribute to enhancing the basis for adaptive planning by economic policy means, where adaptive planning is understood as iterative implementation of policy means towards reaching a given policy target. In particular, the project addresses how various elements of biodiversity can be expressed and interpreted in terms of diverse disciplinary and societal perspectives, so-called narratives, that illustrate how different parts of society, interest groups, sector interests, lay people and politicians express their understandings of biodiversity threats and policies for biodiversity protection. The project comprises 15 research partners nationally and internationally.

 

Sustainable development and the precautionary principle

The research contributes to further development of the indicators for sustainable development compiled by Statistics Norway. The goal is to develop precautionary strategies in the context of sustainable development, in situations with uncertain and potentially irreversible environmental impacts. New indicators should include "early warnings", pointing to the need for immediate action. The project includes social evaluation of environmental risk, use of quantitative measures of biodiversity, environmental ethics and corporate social responsibility. The project contributes to development of the research field of ecological economics.

Selected publications

  1. Aslaksen I., S. Nybø, E. Framstad, Garnåsjordet P.A. and O. Skarpaas (2015): Biodiversity and ecosystem services: The Nature Index for Norway, Ecosystem Services, 12, 108-116
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    S. Nybø
    E. Framstad
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    O. Skarpaas
  2. S. Nybø, Garnåsjordet P.A. and Aslaksen I. (2015): Økosystemtjenester, økosystemregnskap og naturindeksen, Naturindeks for Norge 2015. Tilstand og utvikling for biologisk mangfold. Rapport M-411/2015, kapittel 12, Miljødirektoratet
    Authors
    S. Nybø
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    Iulie Aslaksen
  3. C. Spash and Aslaksen I. (2015): Re-establishing an Ecological Discourse in the Policy Debate over How to Value Ecosystems and Biodiversity, Journal of Environmental Management, 245-253
    Authors
    C. Spash
    Iulie Aslaksen
  4. Aslaksen I., Garnåsjordet P.A., J. Loh and K. T. Teien (2015): Measures of Biodiversity – Living Planet Index and Nature Index as Tools for Activism, in P. E. Stoknes and K. A. Eliassen (Ed.), Science-based activism. Festschrift to Jørgen Randers, Fagbokforlaget, 63-81
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    J. Loh
    K. T. Teien
  5. Aslaksen I. and Garnåsjordet P.A.(2014): Hvorfor trenger vi bærekraftindikatorer?, Samfunnsøkonomen, 128 9, 4-11
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
  6. Aslaksen I., E. Framstad, Garnåsjordet P.A., S. Nybø and O. Skarpaas (2013): Naturindeksen og økosystemtjenester – en bro mellom økologi og økonomi?, Samfunnsøkonomen, 127 4, 34-43
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    E. Framstad
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    S. Nybø
    O. Skarpaas
  7. Aslaksen I., S. Glomsrød and A. I. Myhr (2013): Post-normal science and ecological economics: Strategies for precautionary approaches and sustainable development, International Journal of Sustainable Development, 16, 107-126
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    S. Glomsrød
    A. I. Myhr
  8. D. Quist, J. A. Heinemann, A. I. Myhr, Aslaksen I. and S. Funtowicz (2013): Hungry for innovation: from GM crops to agroecology, , Late lessons from early warnings: Science, precaution, innovation, 2013:1, European Environment Agency, EEA Report, 490-517
    Authors
    D. Quist
    J. A. Heinemann
    A. I. Myhr
    Iulie Aslaksen
    S. Funtowicz
  9. Aslaksen I. and K.A. Brekke (2012): Føre-var prinsippet, Samfunnsøkonomen, 126, 42-47
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    K.A. Brekke
  10. Aslaksen I. and Garnåsjordet P.A.(2012): Guest Editorial. The Norwegian Nature Index, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift–Norwegian Journal of Geography, 66, 239–240
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
  11. Aslaksen I., E. Framstad, Garnåsjordet P.A. and M. Lillegård (2012): The Norwegian Nature Index: Expert evaluations in precautionary approaches to biodiversity policy, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift–Norwegian Journal of Geography, 66, 257–271
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    E. Framstad
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    M. Lillegård
  12. Aslaksen I., Garnåsjordet P.A., E. Framstad, S. Nybø and O. Skarpaas (2012): Knowledge gathering and communication on biodiversity: Developing the Nature Index for Norway, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift–Norwegian Journal of Geography, 66, 300–308
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    E. Framstad
    S. Nybø
    O. Skarpaas
  13. Ø. Seippel, Bruna de Marchi, Garnåsjordet P.A. and Aslaksen I. (2012): Public opinions on biological diversity in Norway: Politics, science, or culture?, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift–Norwegian Journal of Geography, 66, 290–299
    Authors
    Ø. Seippel
    Bruna de Marchi
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    Iulie Aslaksen
  14. Aslaksen I., Solveig Glomsrød and A.I. Myhr (2012): Late lessons from early warnings, Polar Geography, 35 2, 135-153
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Solveig Glomsrød
    A.I. Myhr
  15. Garnåsjordet P.A., Aslaksen I., Torgeir Ericson, M. Giampietro and S. Funtowicz (2012): Sustainable Development Indicators: From Statistics to Policy, Environmental Policy and Governance, 22, 322–336
    Authors
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Torgeir Ericson
    M. Giampietro
    S. Funtowicz
  16. G. Certain, O. Skarpaas, J.-W. Bjerke, E. Framstad, M. Lindholm, J.-E. Nielsen, A. Norderhaug, E. Oug , H.-C Pedersen, A.-K. Schartau, K. O. Storaunet, G. Van der Meeren, Aslaksen I., S. Engen, Garnåsjordet P.A., P. Kvaløy, M. Lillegård, N.G. Yoccoz and S. Nybø (2011): The Nature Index: A General Framework for Synthesizing Knowledge on the State of Biodiversity, PloS one 6
    Authors
    G. Certain
    O. Skarpaas
    J.-W. Bjerke
    E. Framstad
    M. Lindholm
    J.-E. Nielsen
    A. Norderhaug
    E. Oug
    H.-C Pedersen
    A.-K. Schartau
    K. O. Storaunet
    G. Van der Meeren
    Iulie Aslaksen
    S. Engen
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    M. Lillegård
    N.G. Yoccoz
    S. Nybø
  17. Aslaksen I., Garnåsjordet P.A. and (25 October 2010): Naturindeksens mål, Nationen, Oslo
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
  18. E. Framstad, Garnåsjordet P.A., Magnar Lillegård and Aslaksen I. (2010): Hva tror forskerne om den framtidige utviklingen for biologisk mangfold, sett i føre-var perspektiv?, Naturindeks for Norge 2010, DN-utredning, Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning, Trondheim
    Authors
    E. Framstad
    Per Arild Garnåsjordet
    Magnar Lillegård
    Iulie Aslaksen
  19. Aslaksen I., S. Glomsrød and A.I. Myhr (2009): Ecology and economy in the Arctic. Uncertainty, knowledge and precaution, in A. Pereira and S. Funtowicz (Ed.), Science for policy, Oxford University Press, 214-230
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    S. Glomsrød
    A.I. Myhr
  20. E.S. Reinert, I.M.G. Eira, S.D. Mathiesen, H. Reinert, E.I. Turi and Aslaksen I. (2009): Adapting to Climate Change in Sámi Reindeer Herding: The Nation-State as Problem and Solution, in W.N. Adger, I. Lorenzoni and K. O'Brian (Ed.), Adapting to Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, 417-432
    Authors
    E.S. Reinert
    I.M.G. Eira
    S.D. Mathiesen
    H. Reinert
    E.I. Turi
    Iulie Aslaksen
  21. Aslaksen I.(1 January 2008): Effektivitet vs moral, Aftenposten Innsikt, 1 4, 65
    Author
    Iulie Aslaksen
  22. Aslaksen I.(1 January 2008): Grønland mellom fisk og olje, Aftenposten Innsikt, 1 6, 68-69
    Author
    Iulie Aslaksen
  23. Aslaksen I.(2008): Hva kan økologisk økonomi tilføre Homo economicus?, Samfunnsøkonomen, 62 8, 25-31
    Author
    Iulie Aslaksen
  24. Aslaksen I. and A.I. Myhr (2007): 'The worth of a wildflower': Precautionary perspectives on the environmental risk of GMOs, Ecological Economics, 60, 489-497
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    A.I. Myhr
  25. Aslaksen I., B. Natvig and I. Nordal (2006): Environmental Risk and the Precautionary Principle: 'Late Lessons from Early Warnings' Applied to Genetically Modified Plants, Journal of Risk Research, 9 3, 205-224
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    B. Natvig
    I. Nordal
  26. Aslaksen I., Wennemo T., Aaberge R. and (2005): ‘Birds of a Feather Flock Together’: The Impact of Choice of Spouse on Family Labor Income Inequality, Labour, 19 3, 491-515
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    Tom Wennemo
    Rolf Aaberge
  27. Aslaksen I., T. Synnestvedt and (2003): On ethical investment and the incentives for corporate environmental protection and social responsibility, Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 10, 1-12
    Authors
    Iulie Aslaksen
    T. Synnestvedt
  28. Aslaksen I.(2002): Gender Constructions and the Possibility of a Generous Economic Actor, Hypatia, 17 6, 118-132
    Author
    Iulie Aslaksen