286725
/en/befolkning/statistikker/statsborger/aar
286725
statistikk
2017-05-23T08:00:00.000Z
Population;Immigration and immigrants
en
statsborger, Naturalisations, foreign citizens, country backgroundPopulation, Immigrants , Immigration and immigrants, Population
true

Naturalisations

Updated

Next update

Key figures

13 712

naturalisations

Naturalisations
TotalTotal, in periodChange
20162007 - 20162015 - 2016
Absolute numbersAbsolute numbersPer cent
Total13 712129 90710.3
Previous citizenship
Europe without Turkey and Cyprus2 43425 673-2.6
Africa4 44034 30452.6
Asia including Turkey and Cyprus5 87259 978-4.4
North America135696-2.2
South and Central America5344 31815.6
Oceania76816.7
Stateless and unknown2904 8705.1

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Naturalisations by sex, age and previous citizenship

Naturalisations by sex, age and previous citizenship
2016
TotalMalesFemales
0-17 years18 years or older0-17 years18 years or older
In total13 7122 0914 1841 9815 455
Previous citizenship
Denmark39101676
Finland2210453
Iceland3051069
Sweden23331853186
Turkey1321958550
Germany1411759956
Albania2011036
Belgium94113
Bulgaria50420620
Andorra00000
Estonia123306
France153525
Greece204844
Belarus1812213
Ireland10100
Croatia2666311
Italy134621
Latvia3647421
Serbia and Montenegro58528322
Malta00000
Netherlands541024515
Liechtenstein00000
Luxembourg00000
Monaco00000
Poland276349132119
Portugal92115
Romania103929956
San Marino00000
Soviet Union00000
Lithuania1059261654
Spain2401347
Moldova2112216
United Kingdom27112014
Russia457828671218
Switzerland50113
Czechoslovakia00000
Slovenia00000
Ukraine225173526147
Hungary3386613
Austria60303
Vatican City State00000
Bosnia-Herzegovina9413311238
Macedonia3348318
Slovakia130715
Czech Republic40103
Serbia12424361945
Montenegro122226
Kosovo66931719
United States123643371
Algeria32514211
Angola83122
Botswana00000
Brazil158132210113
Burundi47119720
Comoros00000
Benin00000
Equatorial Guinea00000
Côte d'Ivore90612
Eritrea1 879358601349571
Ethiopia4288111792138
Egypt3481439
Djibouti20002
Gabon00000
Gambia1911116
Ghana36215514
Guinea70214
Guinea-Bissau00000
Cameroon38516611
Cape Verde30201
Kenya2527115
Congo-Brazzaville144244
Congo11718382833
Lesotho00000
Liberia216375
Libya61113
Madagascar60303
Malawi10001
Mali00000
Morocco84533541
Western Sahara00000
Mauritania00000
Mauritius10001
Namibia00000
Niger20101
Nigeria8715292023
Mozambique10001
Zimbabwe50113
Rwanda274878
Sao Tome and Principe00000
Senegal60402
Central African Republic00000
Seychelles00000
Sierra Leone152346
Somalia1 200295329241335
South Sudan11000
Sudan17926992727
Swaziland00000
South Africa1611104
Tanzania1613111
Chad20101
Togo51121
Tunisia2629312
Uganda2205314
Zambia92304
Burkina Faso41201
Afghanistan999142456137264
Armenia71105
Azerbaijan175534
Bahrain00000
Bangladesh38213716
Bhutan81525843
Brunei00000
Myanmar4408914167143
Sri Lanka14224472051
United Arab Emirates00000
Philippines567696266370
Georgia51004
Taiwan00000
India3917314459115
Indonesia1723012
Iraq824130281129284
Iran4144416747156
Israel141607
Japan20101
Jordan192539
Cambodia90108
Kazakhstan1613210
China19121582983
North Korea00000
South Korea185319
Kuwait00000
Cyprus00000
Kyrgyzstan20002
Laos40103
Lebanon2447112
Malaysia80611
Maldives00000
Mongolia82105
Oman00000
Nepal182529
Pakistan4754516653211
Timor-Leste00000
Qatar00000
Saudi Arabia00000
Singapore41102
Tajikistan00000
Turkmenistan10001
Uzbekistan111244
Syria10717471825
Thailand677433964531
Vietnam14810251499
Yemen42991311
Barbados00000
Antigua and Barbuda00000
Belize00000
Bahamas00000
Canada126321
Costa Rica40103
Cuba2624218
Dominica00000
Dominican Republic2125311
Grenada10100
Guatemala31002
Haiti10001
Honduras30102
Jamaica40310
Mexico46413425
Nicaragua51004
Panama00000
El Salvador30003
Saint Kitts and Nevis00000
Saint Lucia00000
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines10100
Trinidad and Tobago30102
Argentina171619
Bolivia111523
Guyana10001
Chile44213920
Colombia41311522
Ecuador130409
Paraguay20200
Peru2036011
Suriname20101
Uruguay00000
Venezuela10414371439
Australia41021
Solomon Islands00000
Fiji20101
Vanuatu00000
Tonga00000
Kiribati00000
Tuvalu00000
Nauru00000
New Zealand10100
Territory of New Guinea00000
Micronesia, Federated States of00000
Papua New Guinea00000
Samoa00000
Wake Island00000
Marshall Islands00000
Palau00000
Stateless28157903995
 
Unknown97020

About the statistics

The statistics show the number of naturalisations during a year. The statistics are based on the Population Register Data, and may differ from figures presented by the Directorate of Immigration.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Resident

Who is regarded as a resident of Norway and where in Norway a person shall be regarded as a resident, are laid down in Law on Population Registration from 16 January 1970. The regulations of the law have been amended several times, most recently with effect from 1 February 1998. For details about the term resident, read here under the point "Definitions".

Acquisition of Norwegian citizenship

Pursuant to the Act on Norwegian nationality of 1 September 2006, it is possible to become a Norwegian citizen automatically, by notification or upon application. The main rule on acquisition upon application is that any person has a right to a Norwegian citizenship if the applicant at the time the administrative decision is made fulfills the following criteria and that the application is not in conflict with the interests of national security or foreign policy:

- has provided documentary evidence of or otherwise clearly established his or her identity

- has reached the age of 12

- is and will remain a resident of the realm

- fulfills the conditions for a settlement permit laid down in § 12 of the Immigration Act

- has spent a total of seven years in the realm in the last ten years, with residence or work permits of at least one year's duration

- satisfies the requirements regarding Norwegian language training

- has not been sentenced to a penalty or special criminal sanction or has observed the waiting period

- satisfies the requirement regarding release from another nationality

Other conditions apply for certain other groups, including:

- persons who arrived in the realm before reaching the age of 18 must have spent a total of five years in the realm.

- persons who are married to a Norwegian national and share a residence with his or her spouse. For these persons the period of marriage to a Norwegian national with a shared residence in the realm must add up to a total of at least seven years. The period of residence and the period of marriage to a Norwegian national may be concurrent. In practice, the residence permit provisions require that the applicant has been resident in the realm for the last three years. The same rules apply for registered partners and cohabitants.

- Nordic nationals may be entitled to Norwegian citizenship after having resided in the realm for two years.

- former Norwegian nationals. The applicant must have resided in the realm for the last two years.

- stateless persons must have resided in the realm for the last three years.

- children of persons who are acquiring or has acquired Norwegian nationality must have resided in the realm for the last two years.

A child becomes a Norwegian national at birth if his or her father or mother is a Norwegian national. If the father dies before the child is born, it is sufficient that the father was a Norwegian national when he died.

A child who is adopted by a Norwegian national becomes a Norwegian citizen by adoption if:

  • the child is under the age of 18 at the time of the adoption. The adoption order must be issued by Norwegian authorities pursuant to the Adoption Act.
  • through a foreign adoption that is valid in Norway.

Nordic nationals can also become Norwegian nationals upon application. Among other things, the requirement is that the applicant has been resident in the realm for the last seven years. If the applicant is a former Norwegian citizen there are no requirements of residence period. The application is accepted if he or she is resident in Norway.

Age is a person’s age at the time of the naturalisation.

Marital status

After the Act on Registered Partnerships from 1 August 1993 the following marital status were effective 1 January 1994: Unmarried (not previously married), married, widow/widower, divorced, separated, registered partner, separated partner, divorced partner and surviving partner. Before 1994 only the first five codes applied.

Standard classifications

Follows the Standard for Countries and Citizenship in Population Statistics.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Naturalisations
Topic: Population

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Population Statistics

Regional level

The nation, counties, municipalities.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Not relevant

Background

Background and purpose

This statistic shall, together with other subjects of population statistics, help to show the changes taking place which affects the composition of the population.

Statistics on naturalisations have been published every year since 1977.

Users and applications

The statistics have a broad range of users and applications such as research institutes within demography and living conditions, public administration, press, broadcasting, and private persons.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Migration Statistics giving inter alia migration to/from Norway of foreign citizens in the course of one year can have an effect on the number of Norwegian citizenships awarded seven years later.

In Population Statistics, the number of Norwegian and foreign nationals can be seen in connection with allocations of Norwegian citizenship in the two preceding years. Directorate of Immigration (UDI) has also compiled statistics on granted citizenship for 2016. They published figures in January and have registered 13,704 naturalisations. The difference is for the most due to that Statistics Norway includes delayed messages about the transition to Norwegian citizenship that has not been received by the population register in time to be included in the statistics for the calendar year the event took place.

Legal authority

§§ 2-1, 2-2, 3-2.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistical material comprises granted Norwegian citizenship to people who are registered as resident in Norway. Delayed messages in the Population Register have been treated in different ways over time in the statistics. A delayed notification of a naturalisation is one that is not made in time to be included in the statistics for the calendar year the event took place. The treatment of these lags affects whether and how the events are included in the statistics for the specified period.

The statistics for the years from 2002 includes mainly naturalisations that were actually registered annually. Registered transitions from previous years are counted in the statistics for year n if the message came in the period February 1, year n until 31 January year n + 1. This implies a permitted delay of one month.

The statistics for the years 1999 to 2001 has the same scope, except that the registration of incidents from previous years had a permissible delay of two months, allowing registered transitions from previous years to be counted in the statistics for year n if they were made in the period from March 1 year n even 29 February year n + 1.

The statistics for the years 1985-1998 included naturalisations which were registered in that year and also those from the previous year which was registered too late to be included in the survey that year.

Population Statistics includes all residents in Norway. The main rule to be regarded as a resident is that the stay is at least six months' duration even if it is temporary. Likewise shall permanently settlers in Norway with a stay abroad for more than six months not be regarded as residents in Norway. For people from other Nordic countries staying temporarily in Norway and Norwegians staying temporarily in other Nordic countries, this rule is waived. Details about the term residents can be found under the point "Definitions".  

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on the Population Register.

The Population Register receives information from copies of citizen letters which the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) issues. In addition, a person can be granted Norwegian citizenship in the Population Register when a paternity notification or corrections of parenting information makes it clear that they have at least one parent with Norwegian citizenship. The statistics are calculated by counting the number of naturalisations, excluded those caused by delayed paternity notifications.  

Collection of data, editing and estimations

In addition to controls done in the Population Register, Statistics Norway perform controls for statistical purposes.

Seasonal adjustment

The numbers in this production are not seasonally adjusted.

Confidentiality

If a number in a table consists of three or fewer units and disclosing these units can lead to identification of individuals, the number is rounded up or the table cell left empty.

Comparability over time and space

Comparability back to 1977 is good although the scope of the statistics vary somewhat over time. Read more below the point "Production", subpoint "Population". When comparing on a regional level over time one must be aware that municipalities have merged and borders have been regulated in this period. This also applies to changes of citizenship and codes for immigration and emigration countries.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Some errors made during the collecting and processing of the data are unavoidable and include coding, revision and data processing errors etc. Extensive efforts have been made to minimize these errors, and we regard these types of errors to be relatively insignificant.

The quality of the data from the Population Register is generally very good for statistical purposes. Two objections are missing and delayed messages and registration of residence. Delayed notifications cause naturalisations to be registered in the wrong calendar. This becomes less problematic when one adds up numbers for several years.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact

Fact sheet