366544
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366544
statistikk
2019-03-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

15.8

NOK billion – Trade balance in February 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
February 2019January 2019 - February 2019February 2018 - February 2019February 2019February 2018 - February 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports77.2-13.02.3166.12.9
Crude oil18.3-11.1-0.138.8-3.1
Natural gas20.6-19.2-0.246.14.2
Natural gas condensates0.5.-32.90.5-63.4
Ships and oil platforms0.0-100.0-100.00.1-97.5
Mainland exports37.8-11.45.980.510.5
Fish7.7-8.59.016.011.3
 
Imports61.42.320.2121.514.6
Ships and oil platforms0.0-99.6-99.40.5-58.6
 
The trade balance15.8-45.1-35.244.6-19.4
The mainland trade balance-23.6-40.1-56.7-40.4-26.7

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 585662 504.11 86710 214
2018711 833709 248.2 585-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201748 82947 20650 7541 622-
March 201757 19255 88752 4941 305-
April 201743 98143 95943 58623-
May 201759 79859 09356 954705-
June 201767 15765 62863 6971 529-
July 201746 97846 03547 786943-
August 201754 86853 15155 1741 717-
September 201759 72654 63453 223984 994
October 201756 52456 29453 608230-
November 201784 95179 51676 4712155 220
December 201752 71452 56156 059154-
January 201854 85154 03257 902819-
February 201851 13050 76754 671363-
March 201864 39464 05460 182339-
April 201863 27962 80861 876471-
May 201865 09364 93061 964162-
June 201859 19359 18657 5147-
July 201854 68054 67656 8695-
August 201856 43156 41858 37413-
September 201860 94560 81659 587129-
October 201865 75665 48562 693271-
November 201862 89562 89460 2821-
December 201853 18753 18157 1076-
January 201960 03059 54363 483487-
February 201961 43361 43166 3312-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017860 692849 666.418 543.11 026-
2018999 802991 873.457 570.7 929-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201770 34268 25970 50231 72933 3002 082-
March 201777 12275 91171 92538 77234 1431 211-
April 201767 95567 93269 53232 11035 34123-
May 201768 84968 45171 05635 03835 067398-
June 201768 38067 57370 36637 27834 754807-
July 201762 94562 94566 53032 12335 502--
August 201768 80368 45271 18734 51735 541351-
September 201766 48865 68269 83734 67133 729806-
October 201775 29675 17771 43337 44535 911119-
November 201778 85177 76374 50437 93236 5131 087-
December 201778 15777 73374 75035 09336 779424-
January 201885 80983 13476 85337 16737 1012 675-
February 201875 52475 43377 98035 71337 50691-
March 201882 27482 22377 97238 01637 56150-
April 201879 62879 62181 26737 38436 9867-
May 201880 02478 51981 46837 65337 4181 505-
June 201879 53578 59081 55139 54537 838946-
July 201881 26680 76485 61834 28936 384502-
August 201886 88986 45289 49040 20741 248437-
September 201882 33380 87286 61636 29836 8651 461-
October 201899 71099 61694 90243 07040 12195-
November 201888 58588 47284 50842 22940 026113-
December 201878 22478 17775 24836 00038 95946-
January 201988 82488 75681 89642 70642 19068-
February 201977 23577 23579 83937 83639 688--

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017176 107187 162-243 961
2018287 968282 625-251 678
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201721 51321 053-15 477
March 201719 93020 024-17 115
April 201723 97323 973-11 849
May 20179 0519 358-24 055
June 20171 2231 945-28 351
July 201715 96716 910-13 912
August 201713 93615 301-18 634
September 20176 76211 048-19 963
October 201718 77218 883-18 849
November 2017-6 100-1 753-41 584
December 201725 44325 173-17 467
January 201830 95829 102-16 866
February 201824 39424 666-15 054
March 201817 88018 169-26 038
April 201816 34916 812-25 424
May 201814 93113 589-27 278
June 201820 34219 404-19 641
July 201826 58626 088-20 387
August 201830 45830 033-16 212
September 201821 38920 056-24 518
October 201833 95434 131-22 415
November 201825 69025 578-20 665
December 201825 03724 996-17 181
January 201928 79529 213-16 837
February 201915 80215 804-23 595

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 123.223 073.203 064.4 986
2018534 303.263 970.263 832.6 501
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201736 53037 07018 87620 40217 06415 822590
March 201737 13935 29618 01418 31918 63116 059493
April 201735 82236 30619 33918 59716 05616 859426
May 201733 41435 44418 64818 28514 46616 656300
June 201730 29634 99217 06318 23912 97716 716256
July 201730 82231 93515 05914 77115 26916 760494
August 201733 93535 45718 68717 75914 77617 610472
September 201731 01134 05616 94817 54513 81417 618249
October 201737 73234 74417 56416 86719 88517 947283
November 201739 83137 73618 80319 38620 20717 650822
December 201742 64039 41722 11521 77020 35817 691167
January 201845 96741 22821 74821 03223 58019 163639
February 201839 72040 44218 29219 70920 66019 227767
March 201844 20742 27922 54922 85321 65918 825-
April 201842 23642 76921 96821 21119 58320 451686
May 201840 86743 25021 78721 37318 27721 087802
June 201839 04545 02521 39422 73017 65122 720-
July 201846 47548 05322 56922 34723 45925 599447
August 201846 24548 17423 22622 18422 06426 138955
September 201844 57448 95924 57625 34419 62925 013369
October 201856 54652 26128 81028 04127 22924 532507
November 201846 24443 77419 37619 93925 70822 5191 160
December 201842 17738 94717 67517 19524 33421 419168
January 201946 05041 21220 54319 72425 50720 546-
February 201939 39940 21318 27219 69220 61119 227515

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
February 2018February 2019February 2018 - February 2019So far this yearFebruary 2018 - February 2019
February 2018February 2019
Total51 13061 43320.1105 981121 46214.6
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)3632-99.41 181489-58.6
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms50 76761 43121.0104 800120 97415.4
 
0 Food and live animals3 3843 80912.57 1398 18814.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031411-19.82923-21.2
01 Meat and meat preparations829312.916519618.9
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1121131.32152349.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof456436-4.41 0211 28726.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations44059936.29011 17129.9
05 Vegetables and fruit9931 0273.42 0922 1251.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey10712213.922425312.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices312303-3.06266453.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)43958533.29501 20326.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products42952021.19161 05214.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7007050.71 2971 3473.8
11 Beverages512481-5.9954950-0.5
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures18822418.734339715.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 4172 863-16.27 3387 3640.4
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw24115.439151.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits30829-90.736240411.6
23 Crude rubber81133.52220-11.7
24 Wood, lumber and cork35939610.270785120.4
25 Pulp and waste paper45486.990933.9
26 Textile fibres and their waste109-14.721212.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3203333.96196372.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 1351 772-17.05 0314 827-4.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials22926314.74835034.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 5313 06421.06 0336 6269.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes19426536.741046012.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 1332 1571.15 0324 765-5.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 2711 87747.73 1603 92624.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured6712890.121225821.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane6410564.82062102.0
35 Electric current137514275.73801 143201.1
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes427419-1.89181 0019.0
41 Animal oils and fats15319628.027844961.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated263209-20.7611521-14.7
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed111435.529315.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 6365 7632.211 50111 7902.5
51 Organic chemicals889635-28.61 7701 476-16.6
52 Inorganic chemicals463393-15.0916893-2.5
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2953001.55696056.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 5561 6425.53 0143 2658.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc624609-2.31 2941 214-6.2
56 Fertilizers17524036.749155212.5
57 Plastics in primary forms4224240.68888991.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4584825.29219816.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.7541 03737.61 6391 90516.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 65313 49576.315 45421 75240.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4838-19.89792-5.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4735016.084693910.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures6106455.81 2361 3247.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5986163.01 2821 3374.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6536824.41 3161 4167.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.7888315.41 5601 6717.1
67 Iron and steel1 5521 523-1.83 2283 151-2.4
68 Non-ferrous metals8228422.51 6301 617-0.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 1097 816270.74 25910 206139.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment19 19722 48617.139 67645 50714.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8611 65392.11 8204 502147.4
72 Machinery for special industries2 2542 212-1.94 2184 5016.7
73 Metal working machinery15117314.725132730.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 4053 37040.14 9806 49430.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 1981 34412.22 8983 1298.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment1 7352 01115.93 9614 2958.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 7363 08112.65 6086 48115.6
78 Road vehicles6 7987 64612.512 04713 44511.6
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 4014 7548.07 6278 1286.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 059996-5.93 8922 332-40.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 1018 7558.116 45917 7207.7
81 Prefabricated buildings71684918.61 4371 67216.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3481 51112.12 6412 92910.9
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.150141-5.82893003.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 7731 7850.73 6393 7442.9
85 Footwear5355594.51 0261 0896.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 2091 45820.62 5652 97516.0
88 Photographic and optical goods273270-1.35165251.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 0972 1814.04 3454 4853.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions8473-12.31661691.8
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind252814.0445013.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender0176.201199.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)5944-24.0121118-2.9

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
February 2018February 2019February 2018 - February 2019So far this yearFebruary 2018 - February 2019
February 2018February 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total75 52477 2352.3161 333166 0592.9
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)18 29218 272-0.140 04038 815-3.1
Natural gas (SITC 343)20 66020 611-0.244 24146 1194.2
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)767515-32.91 406515-63.4
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)91--100.02 76668-97.5
Mainland exports35 71337 8365.972 88080 54210.5
 
0 Food and live animals7 4498 22910.515 35417 19812.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0352-56.087-22.2
01 Meat and meat preparations19218.639416.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs587936.912514313.9
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof7 0257 6609.014 39716 03011.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations344017.8647821.4
05 Vegetables and fruit1614-16.930301.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey32-33.25862.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices34364.4688016.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)16221935.341650020.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products9315769.020228240.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7856-28.01371423.4
11 Beverages7856-27.91361413.7
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures10-42.911-46.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 3951 57412.92 9413 28011.5
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw6912074.318224232.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10-46.411-14.2
23 Crude rubber3562.16722.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork32035912.265171610.0
25 Pulp and waste paper256244-4.4494473-4.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste1817-6.84140-2.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales28432715.260971617.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap40146816.88691 01817.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials4332-25.08867-24.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials46 81345 394-3.0100 66998 870-1.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00-28.80021.6
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 63722 950-2.951 34348 371-5.8
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 5204 131-8.69 7748 923-8.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured22 51322 208-1.448 07049 5583.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 5601 363-12.63 3262 991-10.1
35 Electric current662236-64.31 256940-25.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes16123847.935341216.7
41 Animal oils and fats8310222.3178176-1.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated386262.48311134.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed407487.89112536.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 7954 749-1.09 71210 6019.2
51 Organic chemicals1 3141 313-0.12 6252 94812.3
52 Inorganic chemicals747634-15.11 4861 388-6.6
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials181163-10.130335818.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products620602-3.01 2801 259-1.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc11614423.625430419.8
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms499486-2.61 0321 0451.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms9813133.120324218.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2181 2764.72 5283 05620.9
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 0727 0800.114 06914 8805.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins512132.4182014.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.465213.1112109-2.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures152142-6.52933054.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4414410.28949597.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles12614111.92802820.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1221328.425730117.3
67 Iron and steel1 0811 21212.12 2462 60015.7
68 Non-ferrous metals4 4364 289-3.38 8368 8840.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.663658-0.81 1341 42125.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment6 0627 87930.014 10416 39516.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6191 02665.71 2251 99362.7
72 Machinery for special industries994960-3.41 6871 7855.8
73 Metal working machinery405025.08410220.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 4151 62915.12 4723 02622.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines20222813.343649613.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment565422-25.41 132935-17.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 1212 350109.72 0293 26160.7
78 Road vehicles59569717.21 2791 42011.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships5125170.93 7583 377-10.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 6061 96122.13 8434 1397.7
81 Prefabricated buildings118114-3.5248239-3.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof253252-0.35135150.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.61065.8132273.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories657516.213815412.0
85 Footwear132264.2214193.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments67891534.91 3671 87236.9
88 Photographic and optical goods152561.4344632.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s45854819.81 5091 251-17.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions9475-20.0151142-5.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind30-100.070-99.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-82.7001.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)9175-17.7144142-1.6

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
February 2018February 2019February 2018February 2019
Total105 981121 46214.6161 333166 0592.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries21 99425 05213.922 02721 669-1.6
EFTA1 6731 7846.61 3761 241-9.8
EU66 23672 0108.7131 786136 0813.3
OECD79 07092 74617.3144 419147 3752.0
Developing countries21 27122 2754.712 91513 9748.2
LDC - least developed countries71199840.41 267199-84.3
 
Continents and countries
Europe72 21878 2078.3135 618139 1212.6
Belgium1 6811 7634.99 0378 058-10.8
Denmark5 4257 12731.49 3227 878-15.5
Estonia7971 04431.02412441.2
Finland2 6762 8677.12 0631 222-40.8
France3 4753 6755.810 69610 7130.2
Greece109249128.419322516.6
Ireland787774-1.71 5221 451-4.7
Iceland418378-9.6880635-27.8
Italy3 3053 4103.21 5282 02932.8
Lithuania1 2321 43516.51 065857-19.5
Netherlands4 0674 4549.516 98116 867-0.7
Poland3 5444 12516.43 7074 23614.3
Portugal44254022.264887535.0
Romania529517-2.317220217.4
Russia2 4482 89118.13713730.5
Slovakia5845951.9477968.1
Spain2 4742 78612.62 5253 04720.7
United Kingdom6 3965 609-12.337 37037 7220.9
Switzerland1 2451 39612.149660522.0
Sweden13 31414 5539.39 67511 86522.6
Czech Republic1 3141 168-11.13333536.0
Turkey1 3921 146-17.71 323943-28.7
Germany11 71012 2935.023 68326 98213.9
Hungary4354656.911113824.3
Austria8521 36059.641147916.5
Other countires in Europe1 5671 5871.31 2181 043-14.4
 
Asia21 16227 90631.913 11312 996-0.9
Hong Kong372139-62.6309293-5.2
India7157697.64404614.8
Japan2 1422 3539.91 7881 608-10.1
China11 56512 6379.33 8314 0766.4
Malaysia1 173466-60.3322289-10.2
Singapore681625-8.2824774-6.1
South Korea1 2067 162493.91 9471 494-23.3
Taiwan67780118.3512463-9.6
Thailand5295605.9467417-10.7
Vietnam82095616.627531313.8
Other countires in Asia1 2821 43812.22 3982 80817.1
 
North and Central America8 86310 98924.07 7188 51010.3
Canada2 6971 891-29.91 1821 065-9.9
United States5 6048 38249.66 1495 984-2.7
Other countries in North- and Central-America56271627.43871 461-65.1
 
South America1 8522 19118.31 0261 17614.6
Brazil1 2181 37412.872684216.0
Chile17224743.613517025.9
Peru11419369.35210-80.8
Other countries in South-America3483778.311315436.3
 
Africa1 5671 74911.63 4313 94214.9
Angola113249120.4293831.0
Botswana193163.2--.
South Africa521519-0.4290127-56.2
Other countires in Africa9149503.93 1123 77721.4
 
Oceania31742032.5428314-26.6
Australia28037132.5278243-12.6
New Zealand364833.3355762.9
Other countires in Oceania110.011514-87.8

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
February 2018February 2019February 2018February 2019
Total104 800120 97415.472 88080 54210.5
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries21 96625 04414.013 97515 1298.3
EFTA1 6731 7786.31 3761 241-9.8
EU66 00772 0099.147 54152 31710.0
OECD78 45892 26017.658 81662 2455.8
Developing countries20 57222 2758.310 18213 97437.2
LDC - least developed countries71199840.41 267199-84.3
 
Continents and countries
Europe71 60678 1989.250 96755 3368.6
Belgium1 6811 7634.92 9062 480-14.7
Denmark5 4257 12731.44 2825 37125.4
Estonia7971 04431.02412441.2
Finland2 6492 8678.21 2871 142-11.3
France3 4753 6755.82 5662 6483.2
Greece109249128.419322516.6
Ireland787774-1.7847771-9.0
Iceland418372-11.0880635-27.8
Italy3 3053 4103.21 5281 6075.2
Lithuania1 2321 43316.366285729.5
Netherlands4 0304 45410.57 7378 4238.9
Poland3 5444 12516.42 7193 05412.3
Portugal44254022.2648559-13.7
Romania529517-2.317220217.4
Russia2 4482 89118.13243528.6
Slovakia5845951.9477968.1
Spain2 4742 78612.61 7232 19627.5
United Kingdom6 2715 609-10.66 0057 17819.5
Switzerland1 2451 39612.149660522.0
Sweden13 31414 5539.37 4387 9146.4
Czech Republic1 3141 168-11.13333536.0
Turkey1 0091 14613.6963943-2.1
Germany11 67112 2935.35 2555 84011.1
Hungary4354656.911113824.3
Austria8521 36059.641147916.5
Other countries in Europe1 5661 5861.31 1931 041-12.7
 
Asia20 59327 42633.210 58412 63019.3
Hong Kong11913916.8309293-5.2
India7157697.64404614.8
Japan2 1422 3539.91 7881 608-10.1
China11 24812 63712.32 4904 07663.7
Malaysia1 173466-60.3322289-10.2
Singapore681625-8.2824774-6.1
South Korea1 2066 683454.11 1731 49427.4
Taiwan67780118.3512463-9.6
Thailand5295605.926541757.4
Vietnam82095616.627531313.8
Other countries in Asia1 2831 43712.02 1862 44211.7
 
North and Central America8 86310 98924.07 0647 1441.1
Canada2 6971 891-29.9528360-31.8
United States5 6048 38249.66 1495 323-13.4
Other countries in North and Central America56271627.43871 461277.5
 
South America1 8522 19118.31 0261 17614.6
Brazil1 2181 37412.872684216.0
Chile17224743.613517025.9
Peru11419369.35210-80.8
Other countries in South America3483778.311315436.3
 
Africa1 5671 74911.62 9213 94235.0
Angola113249120.4293831.0
Botswana193163.2--.
South Africa521519-0.410112725.7
Other countries in Africa9149503.92 7913 77735.3
 
Oceania31742032.5318314-1.3
Australia28037132.5278243-12.6
New Zealand364833.3355762.9
Other countries in Oceania110.0514180.0

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
February 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total121 4628 1881 3477 3646 6261 00111 79021 75245 50717 720169
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)72 0105 3541 1972 8354 9452968 63911 71127 8219 056156
Nordic countries25 0521 8423741 4083 5962882 2554 3657 7962 980148
Developing countries22 2751 650232 2471952445422 4248 3046 63511
Russia2 891383130375828338273016340
India7691580100092206942090
Japan2 353162210916021 4641760
China12 6371650364012611 6256 0854 1341
Singapore625307800211541301480
South Korea7 162801212725 4091 613460
United States8 38217541197721291 1023934 6681 0541
Canada1 8914631 367105716315850
Brazil1 37442408310047363142
South Africa5191097294005157828

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
February 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total166 05917 1981423 28098 87041210 60114 88016 3954 139142
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)136 08110 871692 81793 5352445 95112 0098 1542 42111
Nordic countries21 6692 734439879 637761 6612 8882 5651 0770
Developing countries13 9742 86963452 582413 1548053 8293430
Russia37323013013980195220
India46130690017417032130
Japan1 6086120241950217261249500
China4 0768502147041 8451999021270
Singapore77411200116372458660
South Korea1 4944870807702584881750
United States5 9841 1444431943906731 0391 2128080
Canada1 0651191065853463159270
Brazil842389160019798132190
South Africa1274600001465550

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
February 2018February 2019February 2018 - February 2019So far this yearFebruary 2018 - February 2019
February 2018February 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country35 71337 8365.972 88080 54210.5
 
County of production
Østfold1 3951 166-16.42 7752 449-11.7
Akershus5131 593210.59892 198122.2
Oslo5575844.81 2681 3073.1
Hedmark414411-0.78348572.8
Oppland54563917.21 3561 324-2.4
Buskerud7571 03536.71 8661 9021.9
Vestfold2 1151 751-17.24 1483 882-6.4
Telemark1 9921 622-18.63 7614 1139.4
Aust-Agder333326-2.1589569-3.4
Vest-Agder2 4402 77413.74 9455 90919.5
Rogaland3 0373 47914.66 8007 2015.9
Hordaland6 9045 881-14.813 57012 382-8.8
Sogn og Fjordane1 1731 133-3.42 5082 427-3.2
Møre og Romsdal3 0183 55117.76 2868 94042.2
Trøndelag2 1151 992.4 0534 178.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland1 9872 1488.14 1954 6009.7
Troms - Romsa75988416.51 4851 76218.7
Finnmark - Finnmárku665553-16.81 2021 32610.3
Svalbard00.00.
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 3811 4364.02 7363 08412.7
Re-exports of goods produced abroad2 9554 09838.76 2958 60736.7
County not stated6627811 2181 52625.3

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
February 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobaccoFish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuelsFuelsManufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country37 8368 2857 6601 8125 99521 743
 
County of production1
Østfold1 1665832080900
Akershus1 59385281201 496
Oslo584635211500
Hedmark41119111900202
Oppland63983231607
Buskerud1 0352071-962
Vestfold1 7518050974720
Telemark1 62218083211 500
Aust-Agder32625031-271
Vest-Agder2 774982202 743
Rogaland3 4795074232251 2891 457
Hordaland5 8819529201313 4691 329
Sogn og Fjordane1 133400377371694
Møre og Romsdal3 5511 7431 67414201 666
Trøndelag21 9921 2461 2061110635
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 1481 1611 15362-925
Troms - Romsa8847837789-91
Finnmark - Finnmárku55351451434-5
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 436528456255236416
Re-exports of goods produced abroad34 09854136323 979
County not stated78110288320646

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
January 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total60 030-0.1-0.1
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)4870.30.3
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms59 543-0.1-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals4 380-0.2-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0312-0.1-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1040.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1210.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof851-0.1-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations571-1.6-1.6
05 Vegetables and fruit1 0980.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1310.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3420.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6180.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products5320.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6420.00.0
11 Beverages4680.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1740.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 5010.00.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw50.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits3750.00.0
23 Crude rubber90.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork455-0.1-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper450.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste120.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales304-0.3-0.3
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 0550.10.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2400.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials3 5620.50.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1950.20.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 608-0.1-0.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 049-0.1-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured13018.618.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane1040.00.0
35 Electric current6290.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes581-2.2-2.2
41 Animal oils and fats253-4.9-4.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3120.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed160.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 027-0.1-0.1
51 Organic chemicals841-0.1-0.1
52 Inorganic chemicals5000.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials305-0.2-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 623-0.1-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc605-0.2-0.2
56 Fertilizers3130.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4740.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4990.10.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.868-0.1-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 257-0.2-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins540.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4370.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures679-0.2-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7210.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles734-0.1-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8400.10.1
67 Iron and steel1 628-0.3-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals774-0.8-0.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 390-0.1-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment23 0210.00.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment2 8490.00.0
72 Machinery for special industries2 289-0.3-0.3
73 Metal working machinery1540.00.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 125-0.1-0.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 7850.00.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 2840.00.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 401-0.1-0.1
78 Road vehicles5 7990.10.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 3360.00.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 965-0.2-0.2
81 Prefabricated buildings823-0.2-0.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 4180.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1590.00.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 9590.00.0
85 Footwear5300.10.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 517-0.8-0.8
88 Photographic and optical goods2560.10.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 304-0.1-0.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions950.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind210.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)730.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
January 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total88 8240.00.0
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)20 5430.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)25 5070.00.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)0....
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)68219.8219.8
Mainland exports42 706-0.2-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals8 9690.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0340.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations210.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs63-0.2-0.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof8 3700.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations38-0.5-0.5
05 Vegetables and fruit170.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey60.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices44-0.1-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2810.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1250.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco850.00.0
11 Beverages850.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures00.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 7060.00.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw1210.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10.00.0
23 Crude rubber20.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3570.00.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2280.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste230.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3890.00.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5500.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials350.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials53 4760.00.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products25 4210.00.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 7920.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured27 3510.00.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 6280.00.0
35 Electric current7030.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1740.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats740.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated500.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed500.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 852-0.7-0.7
51 Organic chemicals1 635-1.7-1.7
52 Inorganic chemicals7530.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1950.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products658-0.4-0.4
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc160-0.1-0.1
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms5590.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1110.00.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 780-0.6-0.6
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 8000.00.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins80.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.570.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures163-0.2-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5170.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1410.00.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1690.00.0
67 Iron and steel1 387-0.1-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals4 5950.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.7620.00.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment8 5170.10.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9670.00.0
72 Machinery for special industries825-1.0-1.0
73 Metal working machinery520.00.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 397-0.4-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines2670.00.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment513-4.4-4.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9110.00.0
78 Road vehicles723-0.1-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 8611.71.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 1780.70.7
81 Prefabricated buildings1250.00.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof2620.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.12-0.2-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories790.00.0
85 Footwear19-0.1-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments9571.61.6
88 Photographic and optical goods21-1.4-1.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s703-0.1-0.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions670.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)670.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.