432719
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
432719
statistikk
2021-04-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

98.1

export value in March 2021

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
March 2021February 2021 - March 2021March 2020 - March 2021March 2021March 2020 - March 2021
1Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports98.118.345.7259.119.2
Crude oil27.719.6121.074.323.0
Natural gas20.4-2.179.060.180.4
Natural gas condensates0.28.4-41.10.6-67.8
Ships and oil platforms0.0-93.2-97.90.7-68.6
Mainland exports49.830.621.5123.43.3
Fish10.625.313.626.9-2.9
 
Imports72.722.45.2187.8-0.5
Ships and oil platforms0.5-71.1159.32.2-24.9
 
The trade balance25.48.11 575.271.4150.2
The mainland trade balance-22.4-14.419.7-62.16.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 330707 163.3 168-
2019757 902750 361.7 541-
2020762 752754 291.7 775686
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201966 84266 25660 731586-
April 201962 23161 44162 686790-
May 201967 16767 00163 660167-
June 201960 01259 97659 43736-
July 201959 86059 32762 280533-
August 201959 90459 12662 083778-
September 201967 46567 11164 781354-
October 201966 89765 71362 4881 184-
November 201963 05462 50259 244553-
December 201961 60060 26463 6671 337-
January 202061 30860 56264 2887460
February 202058 40256 36459 2072 0380
March 202069 07868 88962 5401890
April 202055 39055 34356 583480
May 202057 73957 40754 4733310
June 202066 58466 12165 6564640
July 202060 46960 10863 6013610
August 202062 01659 28762 5602 043686
September 202068 88868 88866 31200
October 202067 81167 61764 0211940
November 202071 13969 79366 0781 3460
December 202063 92863 91267 525160
January 202155 67855 62959 117490
February 202159 40857 71462 6031 6940
March 202172 68672 19665 4804900

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
20181 000 272991 771.458 226.8 501-
2019914 652907 117.472 926.7 536-
2020773 154768 410.442 289.4 7440
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201985 33484 94177 71740 54937 326394-
April 201977 34475 01077 43339 54940 4082 334-
May 201976 02275 93679 51041 71541 76086-
June 201966 07965 12072 08436 98537 982959-
July 201966 77966 55370 35036 42438 922226-
August 201965 55665 52969 44537 14539 07327-
September 201966 19864 23170 73237 65439 0871 967-
October 201976 57476 39470 05742 09838 575180-
November 201986 10185 70680 94041 83940 115395-
December 201985 43184 74281 00438 94839 503689-
January 202076 25476 17569 81740 76239 260790
February 202073 70373 68071 49237 73938 289230
March 202067 35465 21558 31740 97836 8972 1390
April 202050 91250 59452 94134 90935 8723180
May 202050 92950 52254 62332 62234 6864070
June 202056 67156 37160 43035 97134 9833000
July 202061 33660 27764 50232 76235 0931 0590
August 202058 77458 36463 51333 00436 6314100
September 202059 32059 31863 20637 76936 94320
October 202070 52970 52565 99339 50837 17340
November 202071 33471 33468 14136 83636 20200
December 202076 03976 03671 19539 42938 39130
January 202178 04578 04573 65935 49936 09100
February 202182 96082 30181 25638 11939 0946590
March 202198 13398 08885 36449 78643 320450

Table 3 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018289 941284 608-248 936
2019156 750156 755-277 435
202010 40214 119-312 002
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201918 49318 685-25 706
April 201915 11213 569-21 893
May 20198 8558 936-25 285
June 20196 0675 144-22 991
July 20196 9207 226-22 904
August 20195 6526 403-21 981
September 2019-1 267-2 880-29 458
October 20199 67710 681-23 615
November 201923 04623 204-20 663
December 201923 83124 479-21 315
January 202014 94615 613-19 800
February 202015 30117 316-18 626
March 2020-1 725-3 674-27 911
April 2020-4 478-4 749-20 434
May 2020-6 810-6 885-24 786
June 2020-9 914-9 750-30 150
July 2020867170-27 346
August 2020-3 242-923-26 284
September 2020-9 568-9 570-31 119
October 20202 7182 908-28 109
November 20201941 541-32 957
December 202012 11112 124-24 483
January 202122 36722 416-20 130
February 202123 55224 587-19 595
March 202125 44825 892-22 410

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 545.261 334.265 435.6 776
2019434 190.251 912.176 534.5 744
2020326 122.209 115.113 471.3 536
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201944 39141 52521 49920 55622 21619 311676
April 201935 46136 95321 11520 89914 12715 691219
May 201934 22137 35619 74620 97613 83416 620641
June 201928 13533 93414 07215 49213 34318 210720
July 201930 13032 52918 73819 58110 55811 943834
August 201928 38530 05718 97118 8819 08211 030332
September 201926 57730 86819 70720 9576 2297 973641
October 201934 29630 85820 28119 79713 61611 968399
November 201943 86739 92428 81628 01214 33311 650717
December 201945 79441 41630 18727 61815 55813 06949
January 202035 41330 65723 14121 10211 4439 405829
February 202035 94134 82924 77125 61110 4669 198704
March 202024 23722 49412 52811 74411 4159 921294
April 202015 68416 4689 5539 5605 8156 529317
May 202017 90019 69712 30613 3925 5266 70368
June 202020 40024 71814 78016 4465 6207 7410
July 202027 51529 80119 59720 5767 6418 650277
August 202025 36026 90517 62217 8237 3488 914390
September 202021 54925 08714 08315 0017 2629 296205
October 202031 01727 76920 25919 58910 4219 146337
November 202034 49831 30319 46818 65215 01812 14712
December 202036 60733 08321 00719 12015 49712 953103
January 202142 54636 93623 50021 48818 79215 575255
February 202144 18242 68123 14623 63120 87618 250160
March 202148 30244 66827 69325 77720 43617 722173

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2020March 2021March 2020 - March 2021So far this yearMarch 2020 - March 2021
March 2020March 2021
Total69 07872 6865.2188 788187 772-0.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)189490159.32 9732 233-24.9
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms68 88972 1964.8185 815185 539-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals4 5774 8786.613 06313 4973.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031022134.8384518.3
01 Meat and meat preparations12624998.134561979.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs15822341.341950921.6
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof379331-12.71 8951 587-16.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations6436744.81 6561 7083.2
05 Vegetables and fruit1 3541 3802.03 5563 6994.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey15019127.441649619.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4114294.31 1211 1986.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)76084611.42 0102 23411.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products586532-9.21 6061 401-12.8
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1 1291 25611.22 6023 16221.5
11 Beverages7317745.91 7721 8253.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures39848221.08301 33761.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 0774 63713.712 08512 7795.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw42-39.1137-43.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits15629789.857369220.7
23 Crude rubber139-29.525278.9
24 Wood, lumber and cork46657824.21 1891 48825.2
25 Pulp and waste paper4522-50.8119103-13.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1411-23.64030-24.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales364355-2.59921 0122.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 7183 00910.78 2988 5553.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials29635319.28378643.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 9733 1004.310 9859 029-17.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2172316.6607537-11.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 6322 447-7.09 6377 319-24.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 6501 6993.05 0273 646-27.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured658023.0299283-5.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane456850.52182378.7
35 Electric current60342470.0441890102.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes58570620.71 6702 35240.9
41 Animal oils and fats14917618.362976020.8
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated41850921.89941 53254.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed182115.5466030.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.7 4048 1019.419 51120 3384.2
51 Organic chemicals64881225.22 0142 1195.2
52 Inorganic chemicals47456318.61 4821 4830.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials397392-1.29931 0081.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products2 3572 325-1.45 7775 603-3.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc75992121.32 0122 39519.0
56 Fertilizers299289-3.3801744-7.1
57 Plastics in primary forms5255290.91 3241 3834.5
58 Plastics in non-primary forms7007020.31 6881 675-0.7
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2451 56926.03 4203 92614.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material11 66810 036-14.027 43325 336-7.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins435425.912816629.7
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.57664512.01 5271 5873.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures76385111.51 9442 24715.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof791717-9.32 1142 001-5.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles8961 01513.32 2572 56513.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.951948-0.32 4922 441-2.0
67 Iron and steel3 1981 597-50.16 0633 867-36.2
68 Non-ferrous metals8461 06726.02 3612 74616.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.3 6043 141-12.88 5487 718-9.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment27 15528 8606.374 19772 344-2.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 8171 338-26.35 3313 070-42.4
72 Machinery for special industries2 9232 759-5.67 5866 761-10.9
73 Metal working machinery17819911.848557117.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment4 0043 654-8.89 8069 288-5.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 5802 15436.44 5785 39917.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 3702 3971.16 6987 2348.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 9024 1386.110 52910 9283.8
78 Road vehicles7 67510 36835.121 23224 01113.1
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 5437 04555.112 72215 86924.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 7061 852-31.57 9515 083-36.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles9 36711 01517.626 86128 6806.8
81 Prefabricated buildings8158534.72 2612 3092.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 4911 79520.44 2604 74511.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1631809.9478447-6.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 7222 29933.55 3626 06213.1
85 Footwear49168439.31 4821 5846.9
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 7671 700-3.84 8544 362-10.1
88 Photographic and optical goods26933826.080288310.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 6493 16619.57 3628 28912.6
 
9 Other commodities and transactions14397-32.1382255-33.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind2214-32.88138-53.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender5995.51021122.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)11773-37.1291195-32.9

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2020March 2021March 2020 - March 2021So far this yearMarch 2020 - March 2021
March 2020March 2021
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total67 35498 13345.7217 310259 13819.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)12 52827 693121.060 44174 33923.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)11 41520 43679.033 32460 10480.4
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)294173-41.21 826588-67.8
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)2 13945-97.92 241704-68.6
Mainland exports40 97849 78621.5119 479123 4033.3
 
0 Food and live animals10 00911 29012.829 56828 740-2.8
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0383-59.32414-40.6
01 Meat and meat preparations23232.37666-12.3
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7551-32.3196145-25.6
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof9 30510 56713.627 73726 922-2.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations54563.5137124-9.9
05 Vegetables and fruit172439.8445524.5
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey4538.51311-12.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4728-40.714480-44.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)3023185.57778003.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products17421423.142052324.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco11386-23.9348202-41.8
11 Beverages11085-22.8343199-41.9
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures31-61.553-38.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 9242 0918.75 2505 6026.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw172230.9203178-12.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1137.0225.7
23 Crude rubber3446.281139.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork4024184.01 0771 0780.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2803069.474886115.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste2019-8.46048-19.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales434370-14.71 1531 001-13.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap73291625.21 9072 33022.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3635-3.492930.8
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials29 41657 54195.6113 304155 06836.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00156.321-56.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products16 45834 347108.774 44887 58617.6
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation3 6226 41977.212 08812 5323.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured12 78322 63577.138 30965 27270.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 2741 97855.24 6524 597-1.2
35 Electric current174558220.25452 209305.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes25534535.573381811.6
41 Animal oils and fats14118027.439245215.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1478459.012414013.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed10087-12.42172264.4
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 7626 0705.315 92716 4453.2
51 Organic chemicals1 7191 616-6.04 8634 383-9.9
52 Inorganic chemicals8238483.02 1942 3155.6
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2032239.952057310.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products780563-27.92 0211 614-20.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc209204-2.149960721.8
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms54969526.51 5191 81119.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms13317631.93743966.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 3461 74629.73 9384 74520.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 9829 48318.822 11023 8728.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins71485.6243654.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.10462-40.4250170-31.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures2032040.65325452.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof46851510.21 3071 3422.7
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles17721823.048054112.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.15918516.44274597.4
67 Iron and steel1 3311 3582.03 4153 5965.3
68 Non-ferrous metals4 7526 16429.713 52715 09411.6
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.781763-2.32 1482 090-2.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment9 4487 781-17.622 84120 747-9.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment5081 378171.31 9723 09356.9
72 Machinery for special industries1 0921 0950.32 8792 737-4.9
73 Metal working machinery7559-20.6176131-25.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 5581 338-14.14 4703 812-14.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines28540140.67511 12649.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment697612-12.21 7851 579-11.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 9151 344-29.83 9653 764-5.0
78 Road vehicles75395126.42 2862 5009.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 566603-76.54 5582 005-56.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 3483 38444.26 9127 3416.2
81 Prefabricated buildings139125-10.3391350-10.5
82 Furniture and parts thereof28936827.481397219.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.816103.3253750.5
84 Articles of apparel and accessories648940.218921212.1
85 Footwear111312.7364422.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 1181 44529.33 0543 1713.8
88 Photographic and optical goods2319-17.57157-19.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6961 30988.12 3342 4997.1
 
9 Other commodities and transactions9662-35.4317302-4.7
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind011 006.303897.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender0024.6031 679.2
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)9661-36.5316296-6.4

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2020March 2021March 2020March 2021
1Figures for EU does not include Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total188 788187 772-0.5217 310259 13819.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries36 34834 734-4.435 69637 4865.0
EFTA2 3012 4496.42 1322 2987.8
EU1108 031103 512-4.2136 790143 4664.9
OECD118 764118 014-0.6165 433199 64220.7
Developing countries37 12541 68112.331 27241 81233.7
LDC - least developed countries1 1261 34919.85591 01281.0
 
Continents and countries
Europe125 251123 761-1.2167 736202 00220.4
Belgium2 9593 65023.48 60912 13841.0
Denmark10 6959 021-15.78 6738 8742.3
Estonia1 2581 3598.0453431-4.9
Finland4 3924 086-7.02 8622 375-17.0
France6 3136 001-4.911 41214 59927.9
Greece19526033.3925752-18.7
Ireland1 2491 118-10.51 8911 773-6.2
Iceland397304-23.41 3341 4065.4
Italy5 5596 0388.63 1153 040-2.4
Lithuania2 4352 4410.22 1591 262-41.5
Netherlands6 2906 7276.920 13324 79523.2
Poland6 5436 303-3.75 0186 55330.6
Portugal7727983.41 519927-39.0
Romania1 656747-54.92732989.2
Russia3 5403 7516.0719605-15.9
Slovakia861745-13.510014949.0
Spain4 8324 727-2.23 7123 697-0.4
United Kingdom11 65810 542-9.640 61551 12525.9
Switzerland1 8872 12212.579689111.9
Sweden20 65421 2072.722 64524 5968.6
Czech Republic2 2322 2701.7608511-16.0
Turkey2 5782 6763.82 7373 40124.3
Germany21 06521 3441.324 86135 21041.6
Hungary9011 36050.9196192-2.0
Austria1 6531 445-12.6670559-16.6
Other countires in Europe2 6772 7191.61 7011 8438.3
 
Asia36 29139 3588.530 26439 02729.0
Hong Kong236235-0.440048120.3
India1 4031 4573.89301 931107.6
Japan4 5913 759-18.11 9852 29015.4
China18 50724 02529.816 36625 46555.6
Malaysia851669-21.4707346-51.1
Singapore1 754619-64.71 526664-56.5
South Korea3 0122 127-29.43 4993 111-11.1
Taiwan1 1721 29010.1700655-6.4
Thailand801767-4.2802799-0.4
Vietnam1 7821 9288.248256717.6
Other countires in Asia2 1822 48213.72 8672 718-5.2
 
North and Central America18 72417 028-9.112 28410 588-13.8
Canada4 8155 1957.91 8511 424-23.1
United States12 88210 841-15.89 1468 055-11.9
Other countries in North- and Central-America1 027992-3.41 2871 109-80.5
 
South America4 5734 480-2.01 6381 7547.1
Brazil3 3033 133-5.11 1661 2446.7
Chile392391-0.323627315.7
Peru25935938.65424-55.6
Other countries in South-America619597-3.618221317.0
 
Africa3 6562 644-27.74 8964 615-5.7
Angola1291658.333548544.8
Botswana1615-6.300.
South Africa57491058.5180166-7.8
Other countires in Africa3 0541 628-46.74 3813 964-9.5
 
Oceania29350171.04921 151133.9
Australia18737399.542850117.1
New Zealand10512620.0486433.3
Other countires in Oceania12100.0165863 562.5

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2020March 2021March 2020March 2021
1Figures for EU is without Great Britan from February 2020 on.
Total185 815185 539-0.1119 479123 4033.3
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries36 32934 639-4.722 28924 2088.6
EFTA2 2872 4497.12 1322 2184.0
EU1107 869103 417-4.172 55870 518-2.8
OECD117 585117 427-0.181 85084 6753.5
Developing countries36 17240 29211.419 29920 4155.8
LDC - least developed countries1 1261 34919.853199787.8
 
Continents and countries
Europe124 071123 175-0.784 08287 0353.5
Belgium2 9593 65023.43 9064 30610.2
Denmark10 6908 926-16.57 7827 586-2.5
Estonia1 2581 3598.0453431-4.9
Finland4 3924 086-7.01 9502 0083.0
France6 3036 001-4.84 0734 037-0.9
Greece19526033.3925330-64.3
Ireland1 2061 118-7.31 5851 416-10.7
Iceland383304-20.61 3341 326-0.6
Italy5 5596 0388.62 3942 3980.2
Lithuania2 4272 4410.61 4011 256-10.3
Netherlands6 1946 7278.612 12213 2109.0
Poland6 5436 303-3.74 9595 4089.1
Portugal7727983.41 366927-32.1
Romania1 656747-54.92732989.2
Russia3 5403 7516.0653605-7.4
Slovakia861745-13.510014949.0
Spain4 8324 727-2.23 1033 050-1.7
United Kingdom11 57210 541-8.911 33710 714-5.5
Switzerland1 8872 12212.579689111.9
Sweden20 65421 2072.711 04713 05318.2
Czech Republic2 2322 2701.7608511-16.0
Turkey1 6612 18631.61 2101 87254.7
Germany21 06521 3441.38 1438 6586.3
Hungary9011 36050.9196192-2.0
Austria1 6531 445-12.6670559-16.6
Other countries in Europe2 6762 7191.61 6961 8448.7
 
Asia34 53337 7409.319 19319 4961.6
Hong Kong236235-0.440048120.3
India1 4031 4573.8930783-15.8
Japan4 5913 759-18.11 9852 29015.4
China18 50723 15525.16 1177 33820.0
Malaysia851669-21.4707346-51.1
Singapore1 265572-54.81 526664-56.5
South Korea1 7431 427-18.12 8413 1119.5
Taiwan1 1721 29010.1700655-6.4
Thailand801767-4.2802799-0.4
Vietnam1 7821 9288.248256717.6
Other countries in Asia2 1822 48113.72 7032 462-8.9
 
North and Central America18 68916 999-9.09 2109 9448.0
Canada4 8155 1957.968178014.5
United States12 88210 841-15.87 6288 0555.6
Other countries in North and Central America992963-2.99011 10923.1
 
South America4 5734 480-2.01 6381 7547.1
Brazil3 3033 133-5.11 1661 2446.7
Chile392391-0.323627315.7
Peru25935938.65424-55.6
Other countries in South America619597-3.618221317.0
 
Africa3 6562 644-27.74 8644 600-5.4
Angola1291658.332448549.7
Botswana1615-6.300.
South Africa57491058.5176166-5.7
Other countries in Africa3 0541 628-46.74 3643 949-9.5
 
Oceania29350171.049257416.7
Australia18737399.542850117.1
New Zealand10512620.0486433.3
Other countries in Oceania12100.0169-43.8

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
March 2021
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2002 on.
Total187 77213 4973 16212 7799 0292 35220 33825 33672 34428 680255
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)1103 5128 3182 7934 6034 7221 07613 24416 89638 22413 388247
Nordic countries34 7342 6991 1212 4183 6895163 7746 4968 9844 836201
Developing countries41 6812 757572 9999556001 1194 09317 91011 1883
Russia3 75131343328024684891 26443360
India1 45727419002933831653320
Japan3 7592023101435422 7852640
China24 025310052034772 42613 7726 9850
Singapore6195020083373651270
South Korea2 1271003222931281 622660
United States10 841229528594382 6645044 6001 7541
Canada5 1957254 42439217772761120
Brazil3 13357601 7985750286280133
South Africa9102041319610423925030

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
March 2021
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total259 13828 7402025 602155 06881816 44523 87220 7477 341302
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)1143 46616 6331034 06785 7464087 82415 39910 0163 23832
Nordic countries37 4864 573781 38118 0921712 6184 8654 0851 6194
Developing countries41 8124 387978323 6061545 1652 7424 2177491
Russia6051060232375114226532
India1 93180981 148029929076110
Japan2 2901 0570642071319299275670
China25 4651 175542618 263102 9761 3891 0371850
Singapore66413801116945354550
South Korea3 1111 067035271291917175952060
United States8 0551 91143481 0251568941 0791 7701 1291
Canada1 424202117645867159229970
Brazil1 24422218011592863701980
South Africa166560700332137111

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2020March 2021March 2020 - March 2021So far this yearMarch 2020 - March 2021
March 2020March 2021
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country40 97849 78621.5119 479123 4033.3
 
County of production
Viken3 5483 207-9.69 1698 395-8.4
Østfold (-2019)00.00.
Akershus (-2019)00.00.
Buskerud (-2019)00.00.
Oslo8901 10824.52 3922 5948.4
Innlandet1 0091 155-100.03 0142 965-1.6
Hedmark (-2019)00.00.
Oppland (-2019)00.00.
Vestfold og Telemark3 9014 89225.411 18912 0017.3
Vestfold (-2019)00.00.
Telemark (-2019)00.00.
Agder4 0174 87821.411 30712 2518.3
Aust-Agder (-2019)00.00.
Vest-Agder (-2019)00.00.
Rogaland3 4974 31823.511 20410 798-3.6
Vestland6 6349 32340.520 42621 2263.9
Hordaland (-2019)00.00.
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)00.00.
Møre og Romsdal3 7354 1069.911 86410 112-14.8
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 6752 9169.07 3407 5132.4
Nordland2 6573 33125.47 4628 48113.7
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 7041 88310.55 1934 525-12.9
Troms - Romsa (-2019)00.00.
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)00.00.
Svalbard00.00.
Jan Mayen00.00.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 2641 80542.83 8165 41641.9
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 3685 50926.112 11713 33510.1
County not stated1 0801 35325.32 9843 79127.0

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
March 2021
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country49 78611 37610 5672 4379 23926 735
 
County of production1
Viken3 2072261431972 655
Oslo1 108573550996
Innlandet1 1551961610976
Vestfold og Telemark4 8923001121 4193 331
Agder4 878191379504 729
Rogaland4 3186285492311 9701 489
Vestland9 3231 9231 8232604 8882 252
Møre og Romsdal4 1062 0151 89118601 904
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 9161 9011 8711520863
Nordland3 3311 8541 82625301 224
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 8831 7391 73252091
Svalbard000000
Jan Mayen000000
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 805655624468562120
Re-exports of goods produced abroad5 50910530563415 007
County not stated1 3532041855111 097

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2019. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.