366556
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366556
statistikk
2019-09-16T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

6.7

NOK billion – Trade balance in August 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
August 2019July 2019 - August 2019August 2018 - August 2019August 2019August 2018 - August 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports65.7-0.5-24.4606.6-6.8
Crude oil18.00.3-22.2150.3-13.7
Natural gas10.1-6.3-54.4136.0-18.6
Natural gas condensates0.3-60.2-66.83.9-8.9
Ships and oil platforms0.0-91.8-97.04.2-37.2
Mainland exports37.22.6-7.5312.14.6
Fish8.27.76.565.56.9
 
Imports59.0-1.64.6497.56.5
Ships and oil platforms0.0-100.0-100.03.558.6
 
The trade balance6.710.6-78.1109.1-40.7
The mainland trade balance-21.85.3-34.5-181.9-9.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201755 35453 45655 6031 898-
September 201759 69454 60153 787984 994
October 201756 53756 25853 861279-
November 201783 88078 35574 7293055 220
December 201753 25952 85856 372401-
January 201854 70153 88257 771819-
February 201850 97850 61053 512369-
March 201864 22263 87960 007344-
April 201863 53563 06562 138471-
May 201863 25363 09159 649162-
June 201859 01359 00658 6887-
July 201854 82254 81856 5815-
August 201856 42556 41358 55813-
September 201859 31759 18658 737131-
October 201865 58265 16962 776413-
November 201865 05565 05461 7861-
December 201853 42953 33157 28698-
January 201960 38359 47063 477913-
February 201962 24061 92965 535312-
March 201966 79066 20462 190586-
April 201962 24361 47160 323772-
May 201966 93366 77062 382163-
June 201959 93259 90160 05531-
July 201959 98359 28961 317694-
August 201958 99758 99761 247--

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201768 71068 35870 61034 42335 378351-
September 201766 51965 71370 18234 70234 702806-
October 201775 29275 13569 89437 40435 652157-
November 201778 88677 79974 50737 96736 3201 087-
December 201778 13477 71075 77835 07036 590424-
January 201885 60882 98175 91636 99836 7172 627-
February 201875 88775 79777 35335 75437 27091-
March 201881 64381 59380 32837 38637 16450-
April 201879 77979 21778 30236 99236 208563-
May 201879 94278 43880 73237 54637 0621 505-
June 201879 32178 37583 37739 35237 677946-
July 201881 66381 16086 69234 25236 959502-
August 201886 92586 48889 35840 21941 178437-
September 201881 62580 16387 91636 12237 8161 461-
October 201898 22398 12989 35043 01339 77395-
November 201887 02786 91182 86642 08339 547117-
December 201879 71979 68578 46835 69238 38034-
January 201991 09391 02483 21242 50841 71868-
February 201979 06278 85080 22837 46338 943212-
March 201982 30281 90877 04440 57738 069394-
April 201979 51977 18578 47739 47140 2472 334-
May 201977 34877 26279 79041 61040 88486-
June 201965 55164 59270 79536 96637 092959-
July 201966 01665 85769 16036 29038 315159-
August 201965 67265 65969 05437 21839 16813-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201713 35514 902-19 033
September 20176 82511 112-19 899
October 201718 75518 877-18 855
November 2017-4 994-557-40 388
December 201724 87524 853-17 787
January 201830 90729 099-16 884
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201930 71031 554-16 962
February 201916 82216 922-24 466
March 201915 51215 704-25 626
April 201917 27615 714-21 999
May 201910 41510 492-25 160
June 20195 6184 691-22 935
July 20196 0336 568-22 999
August 20196 6746 662-21 779

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201733 93536 02618 68717 78614 77617 727472
September 201731 01134 58016 94817 65513 81417 584249
October 201737 73234 18817 56416 99519 88518 094283
November 201739 83137 62818 80319 64920 20717 718822
December 201742 64039 66322 11521 84220 35817 407167
January 201845 98340 47321 76321 12423 58018 835639
February 201840 04239 87918 61520 01220 66018 967767
March 201844 20742 03322 54822 47121 65919 382-
April 201842 22542 61121 95721 01819 58320 561686
May 201840 89243 01621 81021 07118 27720 978805
June 201839 02346 09621 37222 72417 65122 871-
July 201846 90949 86623 02422 86723 45925 569425
August 201846 26949 31023 20622 27222 06426 305999
September 201844 04149 03924 04324 97019 62924 944369
October 201855 11649 93727 77227 25126 60424 180739
November 201844 82742 24018 07918 91325 58822 5061 160
December 201843 99340 86117 14416 75726 68123 046168
January 201948 51642 54220 54319 82527 97422 116-
February 201941 38741 16418 27219 66222 60020 756515
March 201941 33139 31220 51820 19020 13618 182676
April 201937 71438 05520 70519 84916 79017 589219
May 201935 65237 50720 27219 69914 73916 884641
June 201927 62632 78013 97714 84412 92816 769720
July 201929 56731 44017 99917 92510 73511 673834
August 201928 44130 43218 04917 45010 06111 959332

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
August 2018August 2019August 2018 - August 2019So far this yearAugust 2018 - August 2019
August 2018August 2019
Total56 42558 9974.6466 951497 5026.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)13--100.02 1893 47158.6
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms56 41358 9974.6464 763494 0316.3
 
0 Food and live animals4 1244 040-2.029 64531 8887.6
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03142044.71311320.2
01 Meat and meat preparations11113924.69499712.3
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs119115-3.89599701.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof3153160.62 9773 38013.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5105304.03 6744 54823.8
05 Vegetables and fruit956905-5.38 6678 524-1.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey129114-12.09429682.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3413543.62 3192 4997.7
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)924704-23.84 8995 0232.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products70584219.54 1284 87318.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco848847-0.16 4846 8505.7
11 Beverages5325554.34 4174 6194.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures316292-7.52 0672 2317.9
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 5844 163-9.231 52631 449-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw13260.31129171.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits27151451.51 3991 205-13.8
23 Crude rubber1228126.511213520.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork418405-3.03 1863 66915.1
25 Pulp and waste paper5732-44.5350297-15.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste129-31.18178-3.6
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales304283-6.82 2912 4657.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 5093 003-14.421 98221 428-2.5
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2442491.72 1142 1431.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials3 6313 8666.530 49732 8037.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes232195-15.81 6001 7348.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products3 1633 4458.925 77027 0224.9
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 9692 1247.813 56415 98117.8
34 Gas , natural and manufactured6510663.4864694-19.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane599459.6825585-29.1
35 Electric current172119-30.52 2643 35448.1
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes74088319.44 4304 88510.3
41 Animal oils and fats35038710.51 9392 18512.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated36446728.32 3382 5468.9
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed262914.21541540.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 9866 2865.047 60248 8082.5
51 Organic chemicals953642-32.76 5695 682-13.5
52 Inorganic chemicals488425-13.03 6143 471-4.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials310308-0.72 5652 6011.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 5381 522-1.012 84512 825-0.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc680630-7.45 3265 038-5.4
56 Fertilizers24637753.02 0172 33315.7
57 Plastics in primary forms470414-12.03 3703 364-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4925103.64 2374 4064.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8081 45980.57 0609 08728.7
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 2528 134-1.474 76271 809-4.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4847-2.6343308-10.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5976275.13 7333 9646.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures626597-4.75 0525 1101.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof650636-2.15 0365 1141.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7207210.15 5625 8845.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.895840-6.16 4826 6492.6
67 Iron and steel1 1941 41318.311 37912 4149.1
68 Non-ferrous metals1 090673-38.38 2456 128-25.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 4312 5806.128 92926 237-9.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment19 07621 40912.2175 614198 46513.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 1171 2108.310 33916 84762.9
72 Machinery for special industries1 8542 20819.118 17620 02310.2
73 Metal working machinery9915354.71 1071 30718.1
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 6803 39926.823 05726 70015.8
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 7302 07419.912 13412 6644.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 1792 3055.816 10917 78210.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 9843 36112.724 15526 2228.6
78 Road vehicles5 4615 5842.352 70760 98415.7
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 4523 225-6.632 25034 4816.9
79 Other transport equipment including ships9721 11414.717 83015 936-10.6
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles9 0789 2351.765 60469 6986.2
81 Prefabricated buildings803790-1.75 9846 3395.9
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2821 267-1.210 41711 1406.9
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1821893.61 2131 3218.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2 4322 373-2.413 81514 1752.6
85 Footwear6516956.74 0024 2245.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 2221 34610.110 60012 00413.2
88 Photographic and optical goods2412503.82 0802 1623.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 2642 3252.717 49318 3344.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions10613527.77878477.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind424712.53053225.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender40-93.0149-31.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)608845.146951610.0

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
August 2018August 2019August 2018 - August 2019So far this yearAugust 2018 - August 2019
August 2018August 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total86 92565 672-24.5650 769606 562-6.8
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)23 20618 049-22.2174 296150 334-13.7
Natural gas (SITC 343)22 06410 061-54.4166 932135 963-18.6
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)999332-66.84 3213 938-8.9
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)43713-97.06 7214 224-37.2
Mainland exports40 21937 218-7.5298 499312 1044.6
 
0 Food and live animals8 3248 7915.665 76470 5797.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0353-29.24237-12.2
01 Meat and meat preparations161815.91651724.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs56583.74975429.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof7 6798 1806.561 26465 4716.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations354629.826934929.6
05 Vegetables and fruit1917-10.7134123-7.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey63-57.8394514.9
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices39428.62712989.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)322296-8.02 0222 35016.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products147128-12.71 0611 19212.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco87914.16366888.2
11 Beverages87904.06286828.5
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures0028.087-17.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 4421 301-9.811 79612 4655.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw14157.633243330.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10-37.654-13.8
23 Crude rubber3425.029302.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork283262-7.52 5312 6886.2
25 Pulp and waste paper2212398.21 8931 880-0.7
26 Textile fibres and their waste2826-5.81801842.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales340282-17.22 7942 8752.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap522405-22.53 7174 08910.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3069125.7315282-10.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials55 13735 135-36.3403 564344 437-14.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes0040.4641-97.8
33 Petroleum, petroleum products29 87723 041-22.9216 984192 713-11.2
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation5 5514 632-16.637 84338 0030.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured24 31411 480-52.8181 894148 633-18.3
342 Liquefied propane and butane2 0021 223-38.912 91611 000-14.8
35 Electric current946614-35.04 6223 089-33.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes17622024.91 5031 75516.7
41 Animal oils and fats11415837.880791313.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1716-2.727531514.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed45462.142252725.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 2095 064-2.839 56439 9801.1
51 Organic chemicals1 6991 616-4.911 01311 7766.9
52 Inorganic chemicals63670511.05 8155 344-8.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials164156-5.11 3801 316-4.6
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products677553-18.25 1634 391-14.9
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1321373.81 0031 15214.9
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms540484-10.34 0363 859-4.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms110109-0.51 011909-10.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2521 3024.010 14311 23210.7
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 3077 200-1.555 96958 4054.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins87-15.85246-11.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.8557-33.14734832.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures1341458.11 1021 1161.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof499454-8.93 6963 7892.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles12014924.21 0451 0964.9
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1351488.91 0321 20216.4
67 Iron and steel1 3251 161-12.49 69010 5388.7
68 Non-ferrous metals4 2864 4523.933 53034 6093.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.715628-12.15 3485 5263.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 5495 635-25.456 50961 0458.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment3714038.54 3646 22942.7
72 Machinery for special industries989918-7.17 9047 872-0.4
73 Metal working machinery8063-20.84004327.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 8201 283-29.510 52211 3698.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines21224415.11 6771 99719.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5125619.64 1524 2001.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 6901 041-38.410 46211 95214.2
78 Road vehicles6176495.15 2225 88812.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 259473-62.411 80511 107-5.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 6132 14833.214 89316 58711.4
81 Prefabricated buildings9812830.4945934-1.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof2182242.71 7771 8001.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1111-5.17910937.5
84 Articles of apparel and accessories89890.45365889.9
85 Footwear212416.710714737.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments6941 21074.36 0488 19835.6
88 Photographic and optical goods182431.415417614.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s463438-5.45 2464 635-11.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions80868.05706219.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00-73.1101-92.7
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-87.01277.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)79868.455961810.7

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2018August 2019August 2018August 2019
Total466 951497 5026.5650 769606 562-6.8
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries95 495100 6185.487 23583 336-4.5
EFTA6 8296 566-3.95 3195 5895.1
EU284 913303 0606.4532 277488 659-8.2
OECD358 887311 470-13.2588 828496 762-15.6
Developing countries84 94892 6859.145 88648 9466.7
LDC - least developed countries2 8314 61663.14 0411 303-67.8
 
Continents and countries
Europe309 639329 2626.3545 339502 711-7.8
Belgium7 1877 7878.333 80528 036-17.1
Denmark26 14929 40312.432 24727 439-14.9
Estonia3 6874 0219.11 0361 0551.8
Finland10 70511 2735.39 9987 127-28.7
France14 88716 3559.940 35036 481-9.6
Greece54464518.66421 10071.3
Ireland3 2002 801-12.57 0324 290-39.0
Iceland1 7071 284-24.83 5123 6122.8
Italy15 42015 5050.67 5967 9104.1
Lithuania5 3255 94111.63 7403 9014.3
Netherlands16 85618 96512.572 24265 802-8.9
Poland15 70019 25022.614 58114 293-2.0
Portugal1 7562 07918.43 4793 6344.5
Romania2 2072 3707.45896134.1
Russia11 66312 2995.51 6922 18529.1
Slovakia2 4812 114-14.83033308.9
Spain10 11010 7396.210 41813 61330.7
United Kingdom25 06824 326-3.0145 259127 068-12.5
Switzerland5 0815 2413.11 8061 9759.4
Sweden56 21557 9033.041 02544 7399.1
Czech Republic5 5105 6512.61 2911 3746.4
Turkey4 4755 32318.94 2654 6047.9
Germany51 71853 9584.3102 28894 910-7.2
Hungary1 8292 18219.34875023.1
Austria3 7985 03332.51 2941 92548.8
Other countires in Europe6 3616 8147.14 3624 193-3.9
 
Asia91 15592 5941.646 71049 5396.1
Hong Kong820687-16.21 2081 33910.8
India3 0603 64919.21 5012 23048.6
Japan8 9069 1102.36 7036 259-6.6
China44 83148 2967.713 17815 47417.4
Malaysia2 6691 908-28.51 0641 23115.7
Singapore2 2151 932-12.83 2323 84819.1
South Korea15 09111 155-26.17 1516 391-10.6
Taiwan2 7533 27318.91 2671 3173.9
Thailand2 2072 2692.81 6371 91917.2
Vietnam3 1944 33935.81 0861 1748.1
Other countires in Asia5 4095 97610.58 6838 357-3.8
 
North and Central America47 55654 72215.138 65136 174-6.4
Canada11 29510 923-3.35 4336 21014.3
United States33 07440 48622.430 35027 209-10.3
Other countries in North- and Central-America3 1873 3134.02 8682 755-63.7
 
South America10 91110 533-3.54 8373 937-18.6
Brazil7 8796 676-15.32 4862 6215.4
Chile6521 01054.91 028670-34.8
Peru8771 14931.09055-38.9
Other countries in South-America1 5031 69813.01 233591-52.1
 
Africa6 0758 43938.912 55712 7231.3
Angola1171 4651 152.1869240-72.4
Botswana125124-0.801.
South Africa2 3021 935-15.99621 40245.7
Other countires in Africa3 5314 91539.210 72611 0803.3
 
Oceania1 6151 95220.92 6751 478-44.7
Australia1 3791 63218.31 6531 102-33.3
New Zealand23231736.6878275-68.7
Other countires in Oceania43-25.0144101-29.9

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2018August 2019August 2018August 2019
Total464 763494 0316.3298 499312 1044.6
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries95 44699 8784.658 75059 4971.3
EFTA6 8276 547-4.15 3195 4833.1
EU284 543302 3906.3197 551203 6733.1
OECD357 307309 758-13.3244 442212 398-13.1
Developing countries84 16691 5018.741 32046 26912.0
LDC - least developed countries2 8314 61663.14 0411 303-67.8
 
Continents and countries
Europe308 840327 4506.0210 777218 3073.6
Belgium7 1877 7878.311 29610 766-4.7
Denmark26 13728 79510.219 83421 0085.9
Estonia3 6874 0219.11 0361 0551.8
Finland10 67811 2735.65 1314 984-2.9
France14 88716 3559.99 87110 3715.1
Greece54464518.66396968.9
Ireland3 2002 801-12.52 9833 61121.1
Iceland1 7051 265-25.83 5123 506-0.2
Italy15 42015 4850.45 6636 0046.0
Lithuania5 3255 93611.52 7213 15015.8
Netherlands16 81918 96512.836 70231 729-13.5
Poland15 70019 25022.611 80412 2393.7
Portugal1 7562 07918.43 0833 3197.7
Romania2 2072 3707.45896134.1
Russia11 66312 2995.51 5532 15238.6
Slovakia2 4812 114-14.83033308.9
Spain10 11010 7396.27 5008 70616.1
United Kingdom24 82124 326-2.024 06527 96716.2
Switzerland5 0815 2413.11 8061 9759.4
Sweden56 20857 8893.029 82029 581-0.8
Czech Republic5 5105 6512.61 2911 3746.4
Turkey4 0484 3006.23 8594 60419.3
Germany51 67953 9374.419 98921 9549.8
Hungary1 8292 18219.34875023.1
Austria3 7985 03332.51 2941 92548.8
Other countries in Europe6 3606 7125.53 9464 1866.1
 
Asia89 80590 9341.341 30047 17014.2
Hong Kong56768721.21 1651 2356.0
India3 0603 64919.21 5011 69813.1
Japan8 9069 1102.36 5206 259-4.0
China44 51548 1348.111 56414 60526.3
Malaysia2 6691 908-28.51 0641 23115.7
Singapore2 2151 774-19.93 1343 77020.3
South Korea14 3109 815-31.44 8405 97123.4
Taiwan2 7533 27318.91 1051 31719.2
Thailand2 2072 2692.81 4341 91933.8
Vietnam3 1944 33935.81 0861 1748.1
Other countries in Asia5 4095 97610.57 8877 9911.3
 
North and Central America47 55654 72215.129 71529 7150.0
Canada11 29510 923-3.33 0744 80756.4
United States33 07440 48622.424 48223 032-5.9
Other countries in North and Central America3 1873 3134.02 1591 876-13.1
 
South America10 91110 533-3.53 5253 6654.0
Brazil7 8796 676-15.32 3152 4576.1
Chile6521 01054.95235627.5
Peru8771 14931.09055-38.9
Other countries in South America1 5031 69813.0597591-1.0
 
Africa6 0378 43939.811 29111 8144.6
Angola1171 4651 152.1869240-72.4
Botswana125124-0.801.
South Africa2 2641 935-14.543255628.7
Other countries in Africa3 5314 91539.29 99011 01710.3
 
Oceania1 6151 95220.91 8911 433-24.2
Australia1 3791 63218.31 6531 102-33.3
New Zealand23231736.620427534.8
Other countries in Oceania43-25.0345664.7

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
August 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total497 50231 8886 85031 44932 8034 88548 80871 809198 46569 698847
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)303 06019 5976 16311 47319 8661 46335 88748 469122 73436 591815
Nordic countries100 6187 1011 7815 89913 1859089 97517 56731 53411 895774
Developing countries92 6857 4991798 6813 0701 5712 6989 35134 88824 72424
Russia12 2991 287127724 7321 1701 1782 937931180
India3 649752157125978924369110
Japan9 11067612303592 0445 9216980
China48 29666614713391 2146 04324 78015 0709
Singapore1 932150107414871467254460
South Korea11 15529043662665 6325 0041690
United States40 4867491542404 9212175 1231 41123 2164 4522
Canada10 923182118 7351854259661 1723090
Brazil6 6762 11404 014540134144179317
South Africa1 935316321 063012143434178

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
August 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total606 56270 57968812 465344 4371 75539 98058 40561 04516 587621
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)488 65946 17846410 238317 63893422 52947 07234 3219 23453
Nordic countries83 33611 7642323 36336 3033816 05511 05910 4923 6789
Developing countries48 9469 958271 3829 28827311 7663 77310 7971 6830
Russia2 1852991133351734261 0311141
India2 2301503225320568537216400
Japan6 2592 628110877587359299091650
China15 4743 23217566794216 3981 0342 8185940
Singapore3 848443131 22822153101 3093360
South Korea6 3911 935149419213021 0011 8677960
United States27 2094 6911032878 2393392 5963 1405 2692 5450
Canada6 2104694203 866121654531 0192030
Brazil2 62155228216567783444971960
South Africa1 4021720484628728227360

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2018August 2019August 2018 - August 2019So far this yearAugust 2018 - August 2019
August 2018August 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country40 21937 218-7.5298 499312 1044.6
 
County of production
Østfold1 8691 198-35.911 70211 522-1.5
Akershus5976010.74 1965 77137.5
Oslo58268617.95 0175 4488.6
Hedmark352323-8.22 9143 22810.8
Oppland517471-8.95 0454 794-5.0
Buskerud1 224736-39.98 3677 560-9.6
Vestfold2 1431 767-17.515 69615 360-2.1
Telemark1 7671 95310.515 57815 288-1.9
Aust-Agder2342392.12 2032 075-5.8
Vest-Agder2 8713 0175.121 24123 45310.4
Rogaland3 8632 996-22.427 36327 9262.1
Hordaland7 2616 296-13.353 38951 759-3.1
Sogn og Fjordane1 0581 20714.18 8479 0222.0
Møre og Romsdal3 5863 406-5.025 09829 69918.3
Trøndelag2 5942 317.18 34417 961.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 7332 638-3.519 43819 8362.0
Troms - Romsa55287658.76 2357 06613.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku51361519.94 2405 06119.4
Svalbard0-.630-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 9641 416-27.911 27810 239-9.2
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 5173 7907.826 93932 96622.4
County not stated4226715 3056 06914.4

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
August 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country37 2188 8828 1801 5216 69420 120
 
County of production1
Østfold1 1986951934932
Akershus6017014131517
Oslo686654340587
Hedmark3231541330175
Oppland47172151448
Buskerud73610220713
Vestfold1 7674-51887825
Telemark1 953220601301 740
Aust-Agder23923-15-201
Vest-Agder3 01713121102 993
Rogaland2 9963401911791 2071 270
Hordaland6 2961 0139691023 8421 340
Sogn og Fjordane1 207362337271817
Møre og Romsdal3 4061 8031 76811301 490
Trøndelag22 3171 4901 4771130714
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 6381 5921 55068-978
Troms - Romsa8767947923-78
Finnmark - Finnmárku61557357338-4
Svalbard------
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 41647041325961473
Re-exports of goods produced abroad33 79095175243 640
County not stated6716252221586

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
July 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total438 5040.10.9
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)3 4718.6105.2
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms435 0340.00.5
 
0 Food and live animals27 8480.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031110.0-0.7
01 Meat and meat preparations8320.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs8550.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof3 0630.0-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4 0180.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit7 6180.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey8550.00.4
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2 1450.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)4 3190.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products4 0310.10.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6 0030.00.0
11 Beverages4 0650.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1 9390.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels27 286-0.1-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw260.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 0540.0-0.1
23 Crude rubber108-0.5-0.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 2640.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2650.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste690.0-1.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 182-0.1-0.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap18 424-0.1-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 895-0.2-0.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials28 9370.610.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 5390.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 5760.812.7
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation13 8570.1-0.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured5870.54.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane4900.00.0
35 Electric current3 2340.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes4 0020.1-0.2
41 Animal oils and fats1 7980.2-0.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 0780.0-0.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1250.0-0.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.42 5220.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals5 0400.1-0.1
52 Inorganic chemicals3 0460.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2 2920.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products11 302-0.1-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc4 4090.0-0.2
56 Fertilizers1 9570.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms2 950-0.1-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms3 8960.00.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.7 6280.00.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material63 6750.0-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins2610.0-0.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.3 3360.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures4 513-0.1-0.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4 4780.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5 1630.00.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.5 8090.0-0.3
67 Iron and steel11 0010.1-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals5 4560.0-0.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.23 6580.00.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment177 0560.10.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment15 6370.0-1.7
72 Machinery for special industries17 815-0.1-0.3
73 Metal working machinery1 154-0.2-0.4
74 General industrial machinery and equipment23 300-0.1-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines10 5900.0-0.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment15 4780.0-0.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus22 8610.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles55 4000.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships14 8221.915.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles60 4630.0-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings5 549-0.1-0.4
82 Furniture and parts thereof9 8740.0-0.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 1310.0-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories11 8020.0-0.1
85 Footwear3 5290.30.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments10 6580.0-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods1 911-0.3-0.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s16 009-0.1-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions7120.0-0.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind2750.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender9-0.10.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)4280.0-1.1

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
July 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total540 8900.01.3
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)132 2860.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)125 9020.05.4
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)3 6060.06.5
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)4 2110.011.7
Mainland exports274 8860.00.0
 
0 Food and live animals61 7870.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0334-0.1-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations154-0.4-0.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs484-0.10.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof57 2920.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3030.2-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit106-0.2-0.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey420.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2560.0-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 0540.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 064-0.1-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco598-0.2-0.2
11 Beverages591-0.2-0.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures60.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels11 1640.1-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw4180.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits40.00.0
23 Crude rubber250.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 4260.40.4
25 Pulp and waste paper1 6410.00.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1580.00.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 5940.1-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 6840.0-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2130.0-5.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials309 3020.02.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products169 6730.00.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation33 3710.01.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured137 1530.05.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane9 7770.00.9
35 Electric current2 4750.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 534-0.10.7
41 Animal oils and fats755-0.11.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2980.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed4810.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.34 9170.0-0.3
51 Organic chemicals10 1590.0-0.7
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6390.00.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 1600.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products3 8380.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 0150.0-0.2
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms3 3750.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms8000.0-0.6
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9 9290.0-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material51 2050.01.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins390.0-14.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4260.0-0.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures971-0.1-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof3 3340.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles948-0.1-0.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 0550.00.1
67 Iron and steel9 377-0.1-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals30 1570.02.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.4 8980.00.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment55 409-0.1-0.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment5 826-0.1-7.1
72 Machinery for special industries6 953-0.2-0.5
73 Metal working machinery3680.0-0.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment10 0860.0-0.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 7530.0-0.8
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment3 6390.1-0.9
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus10 9110.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles5 239-0.2-0.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships10 6330.01.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles14 4390.0-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings8060.2-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 5760.0-0.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.980.0-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories499-0.1-0.3
85 Footwear1230.00.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments6 9880.00.3
88 Photographic and optical goods1520.0-0.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4 1970.0-1.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions5350.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind10.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)5320.00.0

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.