366643
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366643
statistikk
2020-09-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

-2.9

NOK billion – trade deficit of goods in August 2020

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
August 2020July 2020 - August 2020August 2019 - August 2020August 2020August 2019 - August 2020
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports57.0-2.3-13.0513.6-14.5
Crude oil18.4-8.1-3.1147.0-3.9
Natural gas4.917.2-46.071.1-44.0
Natural gas condensates0.439.316.32.9-27.0
Ships and oil platforms0.3-73.2951.94.67.3
Mainland exports33.10.7-10.9288.0-7.8
Fish7.0-7.4-14.865.70.5
 
Imports59.9-1.00.0488.9-2.0
Ships and oil platforms0.9139.110.95.022.5
 
The trade balance-2.934.4-150.724.7-75.7
The mainland trade balance-26.04.9-18.1-195.9-7.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 330707 163.3 168-
2019757 902750 361.7 541-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201856 45256 43958 81413-
September 201859 31759 18657 962131-
October 201865 55865 14562 401413-
November 201865 02665 02462 3701-
December 201853 31753 16956 703149-
January 201960 63959 72662 410913-
February 201962 23161 91966 856312-
March 201966 84266 25660 885586-
April 201962 23161 44162 299790-
May 201967 16767 00163 525167-
June 201960 01259 97658 99836-
July 201959 86059 32761 733533-
August 201959 90459 12661 700778-
September 201967 46567 11165 955354-
October 201966 89765 71362 9771 184-
November 201963 05462 50259 978553-
December 201961 60060 26464 7421 337-
January 202061 31260 56662 785746-
February 202058 39156 35458 8702 038-
March 202069 08768 89762 801189-
April 202055 39755 35056 16448-
May 202057 74757 41654 319331-
June 202066 59366 12965 113464-
July 202060 50060 13963 012361-
August 202059 89659 03361 802863-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
20181 000 272991 771.458 226.8 501-
2019914 652907 117.472 926.7 536-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201887 09786 66090 38140 39141 267437-
September 201881 68980 22888 33536 18738 2031 461-
October 201898 28198 18689 73743 01739 91995-
November 201886 96086 84381 33842 05239 163117-
December 201879 69679 66277 32135 66937 89534-
January 201986 77286 70478 41242 56541 23868-
February 201976 46276 25076 98537 45538 547212-
March 201985 33484 94178 38140 54937 511394-
April 201977 34475 01077 90539 54940 5132 334-
May 201976 02275 93679 83941 71541 62786-
June 201966 07965 12072 62836 98538 191959-
July 201966 77966 55370 71136 42438 887226-
August 201965 55665 52969 70337 14538 90327-
September 201966 19864 23170 01137 65439 0501 967-
October 201976 57476 39469 86442 09838 598180-
November 201986 10185 70680 30841 83939 744395-
December 201985 43184 74279 97538 94839 735689-
January 202080 44680 36772 59340 70139 10279-
February 202075 07075 04773 59837 97438 49523-
March 202071 24269 09362 81641 02437 2862 149-
April 202059 04358 72561 69434 67135 699318-
May 202056 13455 72760 51932 55034 403407-
June 202056 23955 93960 68835 17934 498300-
July 202058 36957 31061 54032 84035 0271 059-
August 202057 03256 74861 93933 07836 497284-

Table 3 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018289 941284 608-248 936
2019156 750156 755-277 435
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201830 64530 221-16 048
September 201822 37221 042-22 999
October 201832 72333 041-22 128
November 201821 93521 819-22 973
December 201826 37826 493-17 500
January 201926 13426 978-17 160
February 201914 23114 331-24 464
March 201918 49318 685-25 706
April 201915 11213 569-21 893
May 20198 8558 936-25 285
June 20196 0675 144-22 991
July 20196 9207 226-22 904
August 20195 6526 403-21 981
September 2019-1 267-2 880-29 458
October 20199 67710 681-23 615
November 201923 04623 204-20 663
December 201923 83124 479-21 315
January 202019 13419 801-19 865
February 202016 67918 694-18 379
March 20202 155196-27 873
April 20203 6463 375-20 678
May 2020-1 613-1 689-24 866
June 2020-10 354-10 190-30 950
July 2020-2 131-2 829-27 298
August 2020-2 865-2 286-25 955

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 545.261 334.265 435.6 776
2019434 190.251 912.176 534.5 744
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201846 26949 27923 20622 88022 06426 739999
September 201844 04150 26624 04324 90419 62925 351369
October 201855 16950 01727 77227 80126 60423 727793
November 201844 79241 62018 07918 09425 58822 0711 125
December 201843 99339 88917 14415 42026 68122 125168
January 201944 13838 02720 90719 48623 23218 762-
February 201938 79438 13117 87319 01720 40618 895515
March 201944 39142 49521 49921 09622 21619 221676
April 201935 46136 85221 11520 76014 12714 548219
May 201934 22136 79519 74620 42613 83416 266641
June 201928 13533 67014 07215 80413 34318 017720
July 201930 13031 80718 73818 87310 55812 164834
August 201928 38530 23318 97119 0199 08210 984332
September 201926 57730 39419 70720 1556 2298 038641
October 201934 29631 09720 28120 24213 61612 089399
November 201943 86740 66428 81628 72214 33312 359717
December 201945 79441 33030 18726 76615 55812 87949
January 202039 66634 01523 54821 86215 28912 284829
February 202037 07336 39224 04725 51112 32311 420704
March 202028 06926 84315 65015 20412 12510 494294
April 202024 05325 14313 64913 52410 08810 377317
May 202023 17725 03716 17617 0006 9338 19668
June 202020 76024 90215 54417 6395 2177 090-
July 202024 47025 79920 00520 1324 1874 831277
August 202023 66925 24518 37818 7034 9065 915386

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
August 2019August 2020August 2019 - August 2020So far this yearAugust 2019 - August 2020
August 2019August 2020
Total59 90459 8960.0498 885488 923-2.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)77886310.94 1145 03922.5
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms59 12659 033-0.2494 771483 883-2.2
 
0 Food and live animals4 0324 2084.431 83735 12610.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032019-4.11321395.3
01 Meat and meat preparations13919238.69711 13817.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs11515232.69701 21525.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof316257-18.93 3693 4833.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations53059211.74 5474 6392.0
05 Vegetables and fruit9059949.98 5239 75114.4
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey11317453.39681 10514.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices35446130.22 4992 99920.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)69877310.84 9865 73515.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products842594-29.44 8724 9241.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8461 22344.66 8498 86729.5
11 Beverages55476037.34 6185 56020.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures29246358.52 2313 30748.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 1593 759-9.631 36832 2812.9
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw32-29.729290.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1511552.81 2051 2977.6
23 Crude rubber2812-55.6135113-16.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork4044245.03 6633 659-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper3225-19.3297288-2.9
26 Textile fibres and their waste91469.4789116.9
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales284268-5.82 4632 5383.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 0002 585-13.821 35821 8452.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2482729.62 1412 42213.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials4 5542 452-46.233 46923 304-30.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes195187-4.41 7341 579-9.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products4 1332 163-47.727 68720 657-25.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 1291 491-29.915 98612 472-22.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured106101-5.3694573-17.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane9492-2.1585457-21.8
35 Electric current1191-99.23 354495-85.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes888882-0.74 9206 26427.3
41 Animal oils and fats39246318.12 2212 74623.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated467390-16.52 5453 35131.7
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2929-1.41541688.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 1255 834-4.748 64051 8316.6
51 Organic chemicals642568-11.65 6835 139-9.6
52 Inorganic chemicals42448815.23 4783 89111.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3083338.02 6002 8188.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 5221 5471.712 82314 89016.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc62773317.05 0355 88116.8
56 Fertilizers344210-39.02 3002 154-6.4
57 Plastics in primary forms413393-5.03 3573 315-1.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5105171.54 4044 8039.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 3351 045-21.78 9618 938-0.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 1178 6026.071 89770 623-1.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins485414.03093265.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.626558-10.83 9614 0081.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures59667713.75 1095 3063.9
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof6346837.65 1115 3544.7
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles71695233.05 8746 77015.2
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.847847-0.16 6556 558-1.5
67 Iron and steel1 4111 4532.912 53314 00311.7
68 Non-ferrous metals674626-7.16 1325 113-16.6
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 5652 7517.326 21423 186-11.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment21 86723 2566.4199 293189 915-4.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 3191 100-16.716 95113 617-19.7
72 Machinery for special industries2 1972 47212.519 99220 0120.1
73 Metal working machinery15221038.11 3061 252-4.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 0813 073-0.326 34926 118-0.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 0741 681-19.012 64012 354-2.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 2952 3351.817 77218 4383.8
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 3223 4895.026 17228 97010.7
78 Road vehicles5 5757 10527.460 93949 946-18.0
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 2394 77947.534 54228 996-16.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 8531 791-3.417 17219 20711.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles9 1819 5584.169 76469 8030.1
81 Prefabricated buildings7918467.06 3365 893-7.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2631 40311.111 12011 2080.8
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.187181-3.31 3181 215-7.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2 3592 337-0.914 16114 2590.7
85 Footwear693599-13.54 2113 672-12.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 3211 4126.912 09711 876-1.8
88 Photographic and optical goods2512697.02 1562 093-2.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 3162 5118.418 36619 5866.6
 
9 Other commodities and transactions135123-8.78479077.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4713-71.6322146-54.7
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender01277.6925173.6
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)8810924.151673642.8

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
August 2019August 2020August 2019 - August 2020So far this yearAugust 2019 - August 2020
August 2019August 2020
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total65 55657 032-13.0600 348513 575-14.5
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)18 97118 378-3.1152 921146 996-3.9
Natural gas (SITC 343)9 0824 906-46.0126 79771 067-44.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)33238616.33 9382 874-27.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)27284951.94 3054 6197.3
Mainland exports37 14533 078-10.9312 387288 018-7.8
 
0 Food and live animals8 7957 644-13.170 49871 0200.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0332-27.9375036.7
01 Meat and meat preparations18207.21711858.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs5856-3.7541473-12.5
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof8 1856 975-14.865 39665 6940.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4635-24.6349344-1.4
05 Vegetables and fruit1613-16.4123119-2.5
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey337.04528-37.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4238-9.4298280-5.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)29632710.52 3472 5066.8
09 Miscellaneous edible products12817536.61 1911 34012.5
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9160-34.26887245.2
11 Beverages9057-36.46827104.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures02512.3714107.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 2991 56720.612 47213 0864.9
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw1515-0.6433279-35.6
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits00-50.44632.0
23 Crude rubber4635.53025-15.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork2602859.62 6872 7311.6
25 Pulp and waste paper239189-21.01 8801 9081.5
26 Textile fibres and their waste2622-15.4184148-19.8
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales28132014.22 8692 9011.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap40570373.64 1034 83717.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials6927-61.1282252-10.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials35 08628 017-20.1338 131256 528-24.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00-0.8573-94.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 96521 865-8.8195 337174 071-10.9
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 6343 076-33.638 02823 974-37.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured10 5065 910-43.7139 64781 239-41.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 229972-20.911 1609 504-14.8
35 Electric current615241-60.83 0901 215-60.7
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes21226324.41 7292 19627.0
41 Animal oils and fats15018020.29041 33647.8
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1632103.33143459.9
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed465010.35115140.6
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 0564 587-9.340 09939 744-0.9
51 Organic chemicals1 6171 357-16.111 77610 874-7.7
52 Inorganic chemicals705594-15.75 4845 5962.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials156146-6.21 3161 46811.6
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products555450-18.94 3944 8109.5
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc137135-1.01 1521 2478.2
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms484457-5.63 8593 798-1.6
58 Plastics in non-primary forms10919679.99099686.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2941 251-3.311 20810 983-2.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 1926 868-4.558 40156 318-3.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins71157.0465520.7
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5653-5.34835309.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures1431472.71 1141 27014.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof454386-15.03 7893 334-12.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1471522.91 1161 23610.7
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.148135-8.51 1851 143-3.6
67 Iron and steel1 159909-21.610 5698 382-20.7
68 Non-ferrous metals4 4524 4580.134 57034 7130.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.626617-1.45 5285 6552.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment5 6156 1058.761 15756 184-8.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment39162359.16 1804 986-19.3
72 Machinery for special industries8979728.37 8497 9791.7
73 Metal working machinery6327-57.1431342-20.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 2791 3928.811 29711 6943.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines2442679.71 9902 0673.8
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment561462-17.64 1934 5298.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 0321 14811.211 9499 844-17.6
78 Road vehicles6467099.65 8795 491-6.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships5015060.911 3889 252-18.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 1241 832-13.816 55416 8411.7
81 Prefabricated buildings128104-19.19391 05812.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof224220-1.61 7931 8302.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.119-17.710875-31.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories8871-20.1588475-19.1
85 Footwear2411-53.614690-38.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 201832-30.88 1857 656-6.5
88 Photographic and optical goods152027.51681701.5
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s43256630.94 6275 48618.6
 
9 Other commodities and transactions86904.462193450.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00-97.811-23.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender001 914.321-74.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)86904.261893351.0

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2019August 2020August 2019August 2020
1Figures for EU does not include Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total498 885488 923-2.0600 348513 575-14.5
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries100 54893 144-7.485 18083 031-2.5
EFTA6 5556 477-1.25 5855 199-6.9
EU1303 451274 090-9.7482 246307 178-36.3
OECD311 693305 931-1.8490 353387 554-21.0
Developing countries93 795104 89611.848 93076 90657.2
LDC - least developed countries4 5994 309-6.31 3031 65426.9
 
Continents and countries
Europe329 475320 375-2.8496 311393 855-20.6
Belgium7 7807 8781.326 77519 139-28.5
Denmark29 56728 028-5.227 40220 938-23.6
Estonia4 0203 608-10.21 0541 0802.5
Finland11 24711 155-0.88 8396 797-23.1
France16 33615 365-5.935 14725 745-26.8
Greece645570-11.61 1001 41628.7
Ireland2 9343 27811.74 3883 784-13.8
Iceland1 2821 251-2.43 6123 076-14.8
Italy15 49214 662-5.47 9217 607-4.0
Lithuania5 9516 80914.43 8954 69520.5
Netherlands18 91717 064-9.865 26354 660-16.2
Poland19 48718 153-6.814 35413 564-5.5
Portugal2 0491 978-3.53 6643 391-7.5
Romania2 3702 81518.861371416.5
Russia12 2908 334-32.22 2012 123-3.5
Slovakia2 1142 37612.4329283-14.0
Spain10 73612 04412.213 1149 649-26.4
United Kingdom24 30726 99011.0124 40186 509-30.5
Switzerland5 2325 182-1.01 9712 1217.6
Sweden57 69752 084-9.744 90951 68215.1
Czech Republic5 6515 8353.31 3741 275-7.2
Turkey5 1666 10618.24 6028 00173.9
Germany54 19755 1111.792 77659 053-36.3
Hungary2 1822 81929.2502458-8.8
Austria5 0283 970-21.01 9211 678-12.6
Other countires in Europe6 7986 9101.64 1844 4175.6
 
Asia93 42098 9625.949 65877 23355.5
Hong Kong686623-9.21 3391 062-20.7
India3 6483 480-4.62 2812 5069.9
Japan9 23010 0098.46 4395 028-21.9
China48 84257 00216.715 42543 009178.8
Malaysia2 1071 885-10.51 2311 2884.6
Singapore1 9262 87349.23 8433 668-4.6
South Korea11 1495 304-52.46 3718 64435.7
Taiwan3 2723 2820.31 3141 309-0.4
Thailand2 2692 263-0.31 9191 859-3.1
Vietnam4 3125 44126.21 1741 31812.3
Other countires in Asia5 9796 80013.78 3227 542-9.4
 
North and Central America54 51647 710-12.536 25128 055-22.6
Canada10 92212 18611.66 0024 293-28.5
United States40 28232 526-19.327 54221 193-23.1
Other countries in North- and Central-America3 3122 998-9.52 7072 569-62.0
 
South America10 53412 31116.93 9514 0322.1
Brazil6 6778 58028.52 6162 445-6.5
Chile1 010949-6.067090134.5
Peru1 149965-16.0558249.1
Other countries in South-America1 6981 8177.0610604-1.0
 
Africa8 9878 491-5.512 7188 725-31.4
Angola1 4471 041-28.1240774222.5
Botswana12485-31.510-100.0
South Africa1 9461 524-21.71 401603-57.0
Other countires in Africa5 4705 8416.811 0767 348-33.7
 
Oceania1 9521 073-45.01 4601 67414.7
Australia1 632723-55.71 0971 44131.4
New Zealand3173489.8264177-33.0
Other countires in Oceania32-33.39956-43.4

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2019August 2020August 2019August 2020
1Figures for EU is without Great Britan from February 2020 on.
Total494 771483 883-2.2312 387288 018-7.8
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries99 74093 110-6.659 41454 472-8.3
EFTA6 5366 457-1.25 4795 199-5.1
EU1302 471273 588-9.5203 937170 390-16.4
OECD309 899303 887-1.9212 658198 324-6.7
Developing countries92 277102 54911.146 20543 981-4.8
LDC - least developed countries4 5994 309-6.31 3031 62524.7
 
Continents and countries
Europe327 582318 331-2.8218 587204 314-6.5
Belgium7 7807 8781.310 8258 952-17.3
Denmark28 89928 022-3.020 96918 200-13.2
Estonia4 0203 608-10.21 0541 0802.5
Finland11 24711 148-0.94 9775 2735.9
France16 33615 355-6.010 3949 638-7.3
Greece645570-11.66961 37297.1
Ireland2 9343 23510.33 7803 204-15.2
Iceland1 2631 231-2.53 5063 076-12.3
Italy15 47214 662-5.25 9885 555-7.2
Lithuania5 9456 79314.33 1453 75019.2
Netherlands18 91716 850-10.931 72430 937-2.5
Poland19 24617 948-6.712 24112 6073.0
Portugal2 0491 978-3.53 3233 114-6.3
Romania2 3702 81518.861371416.5
Russia12 2908 334-32.22 1802 046-6.1
Slovakia2 1142 37612.4329283-14.0
Spain10 73612 04412.28 7047 521-13.6
United Kingdom24 30626 90410.728 04525 119-10.4
Switzerland5 2325 182-1.01 9712 1217.6
Sweden57 67652 084-9.729 54427 390-7.3
Czech Republic5 6515 8353.31 3741 275-7.2
Turkey4 3714 6706.84 6023 879-15.7
Germany54 17555 1111.722 00520 891-5.1
Hungary2 1822 81929.2502458-8.8
Austria5 0283 970-21.01 9211 678-12.6
Other countries in Europe6 6986 9093.24 1754 1810.1
 
Asia91 19996 0035.347 24146 236-2.1
Hong Kong686623-9.21 235987-20.1
India3 6483 480-4.61 7012 06621.5
Japan9 2309 7715.96 4395 028-21.9
China48 11956 78418.014 55615 0943.7
Malaysia2 1071 885-10.51 2311 2884.6
Singapore1 7692 29629.83 7653 668-2.6
South Korea9 8094 035-58.95 9506 5309.7
Taiwan3 2723 2820.31 3141 309-0.4
Thailand2 2692 263-0.31 9191 859-3.1
Vietnam4 3124 78410.91 1741 31812.3
Other countries in Asia5 9786 80013.87 9577 089-10.9
 
North and Central America54 51647 674-12.629 65723 799-19.8
Canada10 92212 18611.64 8052 425-49.5
United States40 28232 526-19.323 01519 381-15.8
Other countries in North and Central America3 3122 962-10.61 8371 9938.5
 
South America10 53412 31116.93 6793 7682.4
Brazil6 6778 58028.52 4512 445-0.2
Chile1 010949-6.056263713.3
Peru1 149965-16.0558249.1
Other countries in South America1 6981 8177.0611604-1.1
 
Africa8 9878 491-5.511 8098 537-27.7
Angola1 4471 041-28.1240763217.9
Botswana12485-31.510-100.0
South Africa1 9461 524-21.7555444-20.0
Other countries in Africa5 4705 8416.811 0137 330-33.4
 
Oceania1 9521 073-45.01 4151 364-3.6
Australia1 632723-55.71 0971 1414.0
New Zealand3173489.8264177-33.0
Other countries in Oceania32-33.35446-14.8

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
August 2020
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2002 on.
Total488 92335 1268 86732 28123 3046 26451 83170 623189 91569 803907
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)1274 09021 1297 86611 78711 9592 49534 66546 471103 27533 555887
Nordic countries93 1447 4082 4366 2847 7111 45410 41218 28926 58811 741819
Developing countries104 8967 9771478 3044 6231 4003 19510 81842 85425 5717
Russia8 334760177152 1981 4031 1751 8421221011
India3 480550246227349413598440
Japan10 00979922303903 8694 9736650
China57 0027331180261 2956 82132 03915 9251
Singapore2 8731602011541322 2643050
South Korea5 30426021932182914 4792570
United States32 5267791892212 7394585 9291 72515 9034 5793
Canada12 1861791110 4097362871218193170
Brazil8 5802 23715 069733079212204396
South Africa1 52438334625018129535190

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
August 2020
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total513 57571 02072413 086256 5282 19639 74456 31856 18416 841934
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)1307 17843 51536810 100156 1901 27419 43739 88528 4597 850101
Nordic countries83 03111 9262613 33937 1627606 05310 5659 3343 61318
Developing countries76 9069 128201 44339 07227411 4364 3988 8032 3320
Russia2 12346216313175428896930
India2 5061902648240621577136650
Japan5 0282 60316828827115227071260
China43 0092 6461265928 590176 0081 4333 0326120
Singapore3 6683837279121852071 6754170
South Korea8 6442 0452682 400283701 5971 6005330
United States21 1934 7972383191 9334163 0452 1465 8662 4340
Canada4 293504622 464191823566331270
Brazil2 445347145146244268211780
South Africa60313407160110232140270

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2019August 2020August 2019 - August 2020So far this yearAugust 2019 - August 2020
August 2019August 2020
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country37 14533 078-10.9312 387288 018-7.8
 
County of production
Viken.2 472..22 539.
Østfold (-2019)1 196--100.011 519--100.0
Akershus (-2019)600--100.05 771--100.0
Telemark (-2019)1 853-66.815 187--100.0
Oslo642616-4.05 0435 90017.0
Innlandet.755..7 024.
Hedmark (-2019)324--100.03 229--100.0
Oppland (-2019)471--100.04 794--100.0
Vestfold og Telemark.3 128..26 496.
Vestfold (-2019)1 766--100.015 352--100.0
Telemark (-2019)1 853--100.015 187--100.0
Agder.3 366..27 009.
Aust-Agder (-2019)238--100.02 211--100.0
Vest-Agder (-2019)3 007--100.023 433--100.0
Rogaland3 0002 542-15.327 98425 217-9.9
Vestland.5 777..48 455.
Hordaland (-2019)6 387--100.052 138--100.0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1 206--100.09 017--100.0
Møre og Romsdal3 4003 086-9.229 43427 293-7.3
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 2592 3775.217 69619 2618.8
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 6251 949-25.819 84518 949-4.5
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku.1 304..11 365.
Troms - Romsa (-2019)874--100.07 063--100.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)614--100.05 055--100.0
Svalbard-0.560-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 4631 077-26.410 4878 747-16.6
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 8193 762-1.533 47131 541-5.8
County not stated68786826.36 0858 22135.1

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
August 2020
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country33 0787 7036 9751 8304 34719 197
 
County of production1
Viken2 4721281120922 133
Oslo616604500506
Innlandet755155893647
Vestfold og Telemark3 128320926922 311
Agder3 36614118303 269
Rogaland2 5423773002269071 032
Vestland5 7771 1711 1273132 4551 838
Møre og Romsdal3 0861 3581 18810701 620
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 3771 6931 6791130571
Nordland1 9491 1091 020118-721
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 3041 1931 188103862
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 07745741030524471
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 76262146053 636
County not stated8683517540779

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2019. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.