External trade in services

Updated: 31 August 2021

Next update: 30 November 2021

Trade balance
Trade balance
2nd quarter 2021
-0.4
NOK billion

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type1
2nd quarter 20212nd quarter 2021Change in per centChange in per cent
NOK millionShare1st quarter 2021 - 2nd quarter 20212nd quarter 2020 - 2nd quarter 2021
Exports
All service types62 977100.08.65.2
Contract work and repairs4 1496.6-15.4-15.7
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying4 5847.323.6-11.3
Building and construction projects9301.545.5-21.1
Wholesale trade4500.714.57.4
Sea and coastal water transport24 54939.016.214.9
Transport by air and inland transport1 9543.114.610.6
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities2 4873.99.9-22.7
Post and telecommunication2 4683.917.119.5
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment1 0991.7-12.821.3
IT services5 1758.2-2.98.8
Research and development (R&D)1 2912.043.363.8
Business services10 43816.62.4-1.0
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports3010.5-10.914.0
Other services3 1014.9-1.125.0
Imports
All service types63 384100.07.0-5.7
Contract work and repairs5 1468.11.9-1.8
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying5 7449.110.9-20.0
Building and construction projects7441.2-21.1-19.0
Wholesale trade4850.88.77.8
Sea and coastal water transport7 82912.413.5-6.4
Transport by air and inland transport4 1746.64.71.6
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities6 72810.613.810.5
Post and telecommunication1 3402.1-7.8-11.1
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment3 3425.31.9-22.0
IT services9 26514.60.2-17.8
Research and development (R&D)1 0341.62.418.0
Business services13 61921.520.46.3
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports6041.0-34.7-7.6
Other services3 3295.3-6.9-4.7
1The last five quarters are preliminary figures and can be revised.
Explanation of symbols
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity1
2nd quarter 2021Change in per cent
NOK millionShare1st quarter 2021 - 2nd quarter 20212nd quarter 2020 - 2nd quarter 2021
Exports
All industries62 977100.08.65.2
Mining and quarrying3 5105.614.7-9.5
Manufacturing5 9549.5-10.2-9.3
Construction6821.127.287.9
Wholesale and retail trade1 7172.7-8.26.9
Transportation and storage29 67047.114.46.7
Information and communication9 24014.70.17.9
Professional, scientific and technical activities9 53915.115.815.5
Administrative and support service activities1 4212.316.3-13.9
Other industries1 2422.0-3.08.0
Imports
All industries63 384100.07.0-5.7
Mining and quarrying11 22517.75.6-24.0
Manufacturing6 70810.617.710.5
Construction6321.0-18.8-37.7
Wholesale and retail trade5 7059.04.320.3
Transportation and storage17 82528.112.43.8
Information and communication10 51116.64.0-20.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities7 07811.210.11.1
Administrative and support service activities1 6112.529.5-6.6
Other industries2 0893.3-30.634.9
1The last five quarters are preliminary figures and can be revised.
Explanation of symbols
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million1
2nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 20201st quarter 20212nd quarter 2021
Balance-7 395.0-4 506.0-4 904.0-1 211.0-407.0
Exports
All service types59 83758 41565 09458 00362 977
Contract work and repairs4 9234 3644 9854 9074 149
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying5 1664 8824 6083 7094 584
Building and construction projects1 178581689639930
Wholesale trade419409580393450
Sea and coastal water transport21 36420 93521 25521 12424 549
Transport by air and inland transport1 7661 8902 0371 7051 954
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities3 2173 2433 6182 2622 487
Post and telecommunication2 0662 2732 1382 1082 468
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment9061 0501 4511 2611 099
IT services4 7574 6886 2875 3275 175
Research and development (R&D)7888571 1399011 291
Business services10 5429 81812 65610 19210 438
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports264296349338301
Other services2 4813 1303 3013 1373 101
Imports
All service types67 23262 92169 99859 21463 384
Contract work and repairs5 2395 6635 8635 0495 146
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying7 1766 5937 4425 1795 744
Building and construction projects9181 1291 366943744
Wholesale trade450471531446485
Sea and coastal water transport8 3677 8467 4566 8967 829
Transport by air and inland transport4 1083 7794 1123 9864 174
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities6 0865 8216 3595 9126 728
Post and telecommunication1 5071 5131 4491 4541 340
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment4 2823 7894 0763 2813 342
IT services11 2659 53810 7169 2469 265
Research and development (R&D)8767761 1081 0101 034
Business services12 81011 80314 50011 31113 619
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports6547491 079925604
Other services3 4953 4503 9403 5773 329
1The last five quarters are preliminary figures and can be revised.
Explanation of symbols
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million1
2nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 20201st quarter 20212nd quarter 2021
Balance-7 395.0-4 506.0-4 904.0-1 211.0-407.0
Exports
All industries59 83758 41565 09458 00362 977
Mining and quarrying3 8793 8343 5503 0613 510
Manufacturing6 5646 1227 4556 6315 954
Construction363311598536682
Wholesale and retail trade1 6061 9062 1991 8711 717
Transportation and storage27 80327 11028 12525 93029 670
Information and communication8 5618 74910 2819 2349 240
Professional, scientific and technical activities8 2608 03210 2898 2389 539
Administrative and support service activities1 6501 3131 6061 2221 421
Other industries1 1501 0389931 2811 242
Imports
All industries67 23262 92169 99859 21463 384
Mining and quarrying14 77212 83313 58810 62611 225
Manufacturing6 0737 0508 2635 6986 708
Construction1 0141 1041 456778632
Wholesale and retail trade4 7424 7325 2005 4725 705
Transportation and storage17 17316 24917 75315 85317 825
Information and communication13 18511 67212 72610 10310 511
Professional, scientific and technical activities6 9996 3087 6176 4287 078
Administrative and support service activities1 7251 5111 6951 2441 611
Other industries1 5481 4631 6993 0102 089
1The last five quarters are preliminary figures and can be revised.
Explanation of symbols
Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent
Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent1
1st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 20201st quarter 2021
Imports
All industries0.60.50.50.6-0.3
Mining and quarrying0.00.00.00.0-1.0
Manufacturing0.4-0.90.00.0-3.8
Construction0.00.00.00.020.2
Wholesale and retail trade0.70.80.8-0.4-0.6
Transportation and storage0.00.00.00.0-1.4
Information and communication2.22.12.33.44.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities1.40.80.00.02.2
Administrative and support service activities0.10.00.20.2-1.2
Other industries0.00.00.00.0-7.2
Exports
All industries-0.10.40.50.4-0.8
Mining and quarrying0.30.30.30.2-4.3
Manufacturing0.00.00.00.0-0.5
Construction0.9-0.91.5-0.82.0
Wholesale and retail trade-1.1-1.3-1.1-0.94.6
Transportation and storage0.00.00.70.70.6
Information and communication1.31.41.41.23.0
Professional, scientific and technical activities0.81.40.00.04.6
Administrative and support service activities-10.7-0.3-0.1-0.1-0.2
Other industries0.00.00.00.0-47.8
1The last five quarters are preliminary figures and can be revised.
Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The statistics External trade in services show Norwegian non-financial corporations revenues on exports of services, and expenses for imports of services. The figures are collected as a quarterly sample survey.

Imports:

Imports of services comprise all services delivered to the reporting enterprise by companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made to the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Exports:

Exports of services comprise all services delivered from the reporting enterprise to companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made by the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Trade in services with foreign affiliates within the same reporting group shall be included in the quarterly report in the same manner as other trade in services with foreign companies, specified with type of service (CPA-code). Such trade in services must also be specified in individual items, and reported correspondingly as “herav eksport av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal export of services within the same group)" for export and “herav import av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal import of services within the same group)" for import of services.

In this context, "group" means units with a certain relationship, such as parent company, subsidiaries, (sister companies and others) and branches, etc.

A holding company or parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors.

A subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the parent company.

A sub-subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the subsidiary, but is not directly controlled by the parent company.

“Control" means possession of more than 50 per cent of the ownership of another company.

Country:

Import: The country the foreign trade partner (supplier) is registered in.

Export: The country the foreign trade partner (customer) is registered in.

Amounts in NOK 1000:

All amounts reported should be in NOK 1000.

NACE:

Until the published statistics for the year 2009, the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2002 (SN 2002) was being used, which is a Norwegian adaption of NACE REV. 1. (EUROSTAT). From the year 2010 Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2007 (SN 2007) was being used. SN 2007 correlates with the EU standard NACE REV. 2, and forms the basis for coding units according to principal activity in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The use of common standards is essential in enabling the comparison and analysis of statistical data at national/ international level and over time.

CPA:

The EU product standard “Classification of Products by Activity" (CPA).

Country:

Alfa-2-code of ISO 3166.

Name: External trade in services Topic: External economy
30 November 2021
Division for External Trade Statistics
The statistics indicates non-financial enterprises' share of external trade in services at a national level.
The statistics are collected quarterly from non-financial enterprises reporting export and import of services with other countries. From 2006 until 2010 the statistics were published annually, and from the 1st quarter 2011 the statistics is being published on quarterly basis.
The statistics is a part of the balance of payments and the national accounts, and data is used as a part of the reporting to international institutions such as IMF, OECD and the statistical office of the EU, Eurostat.
The basic material and the revised data, is stored in Statistics Norway.

The statistics on external trade in services was established in 2005 as the Central Bank of Norway discontinued the foreign payment statistics.

The purpose of the statistics is to give information about service flows between Norway and other countries. Income and expenditure in connection with exports and imports of services to and from other countries are important economic indicators, both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends.

The statistics are needed for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations like the UN statistical office, the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information that the external trade statistics gives. The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical systems, and are also used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics.

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08:00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

International trade in services for non-financial enterprises is an important source for export and import of services in the national accounts and the balance of payments statistics.

Exports and imports of services in the national accounts (and the balance of payments) include more than trade in services by non-financial enterprises. Both the balance of payments and the national accounts include trade in services that all domestic sectors have with other countries. In addition to non-financial enterprises; these are : financial enterprises, non-profit organizations, households and public administration. In addition to this difference in extent, there also are some differences in definitions. The most important are that the national accounts (and the balance of payments statistics):

  • Includes the freightage in connection with the value of imported goods (CIF-value), and not the import of services
  • Includes the value of Norwegian shipping enterprise's freightage in connection with export of goods from Norway, independent of who are paying for the commission, while external trade in services for non-financial enterprises only includes such freight if the foreign part is paying
  • Estimates import and export of insurance services as a share of premium payment.
  • Estimates import and export of indirect measured banking services.
  • Redefines some goods where the value is dominated by the service content.
  • Includes conventional estimated export and import according to Norway’s ownership in the Nordic airline company, SAS.

Another difference is that when it comes to freight, income in shipping and distribution by country, external trade in services for non-financial enterprises follow the payments, while in balance of payments, statistics on arrivals of vessels are being used.

All the conditions mentioned above give non-comparable figures between the statistics of international trade in services for non-financial enterprises, and the numbers for exports and imports of services given in the national accounts and the balance of payments.

The Statistics Act, §§ 2-1 and 2-2 and 2-3 (compulsory fine).

EU-regulations 184/2005 incorporated in the EEA-agreement ruling the scope of the statistics, defining the variables and prescribing the format of the transmissions of data to the EU statistical office, Eurostat.

The statistics include external trade in services and are compiled through a quarterly reporting from non-financial Norwegian enterprises. Until 2008, the survey was annual.

The reporting unit is the legal persons who produce goods and services for sale. The population in this survey is built on information from the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The population is kept up-to-date by the use of different administrative registers, such as the Register of Cross border Transactions and Currency Exchange, information through contact with the largest reporting enterprises and information through media.

The statistics are based on information from non-financial enterprises. The respondents shall report data every quarter.

Population

The population concerning external trade in services for non-financial enterprises includes all enterprises. The population excludes small enterprises which have no or just a small amount of external trade in services. To join this very limited population, the rest of the enterprises must fulfill at least one of the following five criteria:

  • Total ingoing and outgoing cash flow transactions exceeding NOK 500 000, or outgoing transactions concerning import of services exceeding NOK 50 000 based on cash flow statistics
  • FATS (Foreign-controlled enterprises in Norway/ Norwegian controlled enterprises abroad)
  • The enterprise has been in the sample for at least four years, and has reported figures on external trade in services
  • Enterprises within the quarrying and mining industry, which has joined VAT number with an enterprise which fulfill the first criteria
  • The enterprise is within the external ocean transport industry, and has a turnover of at least NOK 5 000 000 .

When all enterprises not fulfilling at least one of these five criteria are excluded, one is left with around 33 000 enterprises.

The population includes following sectors in institutional sectoral grouping:



• 1110 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government

• 1120 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government

• 1510 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government

• 1520 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government

• 2100 - Private non-financial incorporated enterprises

• 2300 - Private non-financial unincorporated enterprises

• 2500 - Private non-profit institutions serving enterprises

• 8200 -.Unincorporated enterprises within households

• 4900 - Other financial enterprises outside of insurance - only individual groups

The stratification is based on the desire to divide the population into homogeneous groups. The stratification should ideally reflect homogeneity inside of the group, and a difference in the service trade between the groups. The different strata are defined by industry, how important industries are for trade in services, figures from the foreign exchange register and division according to "FATS /non-FATS" enterprises.

From the population, a sample of enterprises is drawn stratified simply by chance. To allocate the sample between the strata, optimal allocation has been used.

The sample is distributed among enterprises with high significance of having external trade in services, and enterprises who are drawn randomly. . The companies with high significance belong to a group that we are quite sure they have trade in services abroad.

The share of the randomly drawn enterprises was reduced by 20 per cent in 2016 to meet the demand for reduced reporting burden for medium and small enterprises. This means that the total sample now is about 2,700, of which 700 with high significance.

The data is sent to Statistics Norway electronically, either by filling the WEB questionnaire directly, or by reporting the data via file, via Altinn (Norwegian internett portal for businesses, private individuals and public agencies for transmitting data). The reporting deadline for each quarterly reporting is the 25th day of the month following the end of the reporting period.

The data are checked when reported to Statistics Norway, and for some types of errors, the respondent is contacted to get the errors corrected. The data are also verified by comparing them with data from previous reports, accounting data, annual reports and other sources.

The trade in services is estimated by using a stratified expansion estimate. This estimator is calculated as follows:

1. Within each stratum, the average export / import figures are calculated (ie based on the sample)

2. Because the sample is drawn stratified simply by chance, these averages could be good estimates of the actual averages in the stratum. Any extreme observations are kept outside the calculation of the average

3. Within each stratum we multiply the calculated averages with the number of enterprises in the stratum (in the limited population). This will be an estimate of total exports / imports in the stratum.

Data is not seasonally adjusted.

Not relevant

Due to the UK´s withdrawal from the EU was formally completed on the 1st of February 2020, there was a change in the statistics "foreign trade in services". When the survey does not measure trade every month, but for the quarter as a whole, the United Kingdom in the statistics is moving from the region "EU countries outside the Nordic countries" to the region "Rest of Europe" as of Q1 2020.

Starting with the 1. Quarter of 2019, a new type of service was introduced: "IT-related license fees" which will affect the existing type of service "Royalties and license fees". This means that the export/import of "IT services" and export/import of "Other services" cannot be directly compared to previous publications.

In conjunction with the first quarter of 2017, a change has been made in the compilation of service types. The service grouping railway and land transport services was merged with air transport services to a new group of air and land transport services. This applies to Tables 2 and 4, which show foreign trade services for non-financial corporations, by service type. In Statbank table 10192, the changes date back to Q1 2015. This means that the figures are not directly comparable with the previous publications.



The statistics have also undergone a change of methodology, and figures for the foreign shipping industry were taken from the publication for 2010 and up to and including the publication for 1Q 2013. Figures for 2Q 2013 are therefore not comparable with early publications. This method conversion implies a change in the use of sources. See the national accounts' web pages on the Balance of payment http://www.ssb.no/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/ur.

See also : Coherence With other statistics above.

The figures the companies shall report to SSB only concern external trade in services. It might be some difficulties in differing between goods and services, and between a Norwegian unit and a foreign unit. This might lead to weakness for the statistic, because the reported numbers might be wrong. Many of the reporting enterprises are involved in heavy projects, which may influence the figures, especially when the projects starts and are being closed.

A weakness of the statistic is that some respondent do not answer the survey. To reduce this problem with missing numbers, both partial- and total, numbers are being imputed.

The sampling error is the difference between the samples reported numbers and the numbers that would be if the whole population was investigated. To reduce this problem we try to make sure that the biggest companies are included in the sample.

External trade in services publishes preliminary figures quarterly. However, further revisions of the figures continue for five more quarters when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the quarterly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary figures and the final figures is usually small at aggregated level. At the detailed level, and for individual quarters, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Table 5 in each release of the statistics show the revisions form previous publications.

Revision plan External trade in services

This year

(T)

Last year

(T-1)

The year before last

(T-2)

Publications

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1 (June year T)

R4

R3

R2

R1

FR5

Q2 (Sept year T)

R1

FR5

R4

R3

R2

Q3 (Dec year T)

R2

R1

FR5

R4

R3

Q4 (Mar year T+1)

R3

R2

R1

FR5

R4

R1 - FR5 = Revision number (R1 = first revision, FR5 = Final figures, Revison no. 5)







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