329189
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
329189
statistikk
2018-04-16T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

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Key figures

78.2

billion NOK – Exports in goods in March 2018

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
March 2018February 2018 - March 2018March 2017 - March 2018March 2018March 2017 - March 2018
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports78 2328.22.6234 5565.6
Crude oil21 30321.324.158 2134.0
Natural gas19 7305.05.962 78613.6
Natural gas condensates0-100.0-100.01 404-7.5
Ships and oil platforms2--100.0-100.02 370-66.2
Mainland exports37 2005.8-4.0109 7847.2
Fish8 73924.3-0.923 158-2.2
 
Imports63 25323.410.6169 2787.5
Ships and oil platforms21-99.7-99.91 025-83.6
 
The trade balance14 979-28.9-21.465 2780.8
The mainland trade balance-26 052-65.4-52.1-58 469-19.9

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
2017683 354661 610.11 53110 214
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201650 53248 81448 7401 718-
April 201650 35049 68448 368666-
May 201649 66449 27948 731385-
June 201653 79551 00048 1482 796-
July 201645 89745 07450 455823-
August 201652 87350 93850 2711 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 7683 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 4861 599-
November 201656 94651 98347 5794 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 543835-
January 201751 37848 05251 5073 326-
February 201748 84447 22250 0241 622-
March 201757 20055 89549 9271 305-
April 201743 98243 95950 56423-
May 201759 79159 08656 039705-
June 201767 14465 63461 8581 510-
July 201746 99346 06651 507927-
August 201754 79253 18752 3161 606-
September 201759 74554 65254 565984 994
October 201756 58856 35851 821230-
November 201784 80679 55573 071315 220
December 201752 09151 94356 802148-
January 201854 76254 08155 820682-
February 201851 26250 92154 094342-
March 201863 25363 25266 4231-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
2017843 286832 323.418 714.10 963-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201661 91261 84958 43633 01731 89863-
April 201661 51760 87762 96732 86131 800640-
May 201658 22558 10460 32030 56031 248121-
June 201660 35958 80161 28234 77032 8731 558-
July 201659 27458 63761 43030 14932 373637-
August 201660 00359 20962 27431 36332 575795-
September 201657 47957 25559 82134 92633 337224-
October 201668 88065 70262 58930 84830 9333 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 92733 20331 4191 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 43432 20632 8102 704-
January 201776 57172 85567 88531 82632 6313 716-
February 201769 33667 25469 51231 81533 4052 082-
March 201776 26875 05771 06138 76934 2711 211-
April 201766 94966 92669 17432 00235 12223-
May 201767 84467 44669 99835 04134 936398-
June 201767 35166 54569 04837 27034 723807-
July 201761 98961 98965 24232 12235 400--
August 201767 76367 41170 74634 46035 489351-
September 201765 47564 66967 54434 64533 777806-
October 201771 26071 14067 66337 48536 137119-
November 201775 66874 58071 67838 05436 7671 087-
December 201776 81276 45172 96235 22536 689361-
January 201883 99881 67276 16737 41937 3752 326-
February 201872 32672 28274 67135 16536 91244-
March 201878 23278 23274 19037 20036 949--

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
2017159 932170 713-242 896
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201725 19424 803-16 226
February 201720 49220 032-15 407
March 201719 06819 162-17 126
April 201722 96722 967-11 957
May 20178 0538 360-24 045
June 2017208910-28 365
July 201714 99615 923-13 944
August 201712 97014 225-18 727
September 20175 73010 016-20 008
October 201714 67214 783-18 873
November 2017-9 138-4 975-41 501
December 201724 72124 508-16 717
January 201829 23527 591-16 662
February 201821 06421 362-15 755
March 201814 97914 980-26 052

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
2017413 609.208 983.199 639.4 987
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201628 83226 96312 18712 50216 25613 647389
April 201628 01628 44014 75114 10212 95513 641310
May 201627 54429 15815 56315 16511 85913 456123
June 201624 03127 65013 44914 45010 02512 831557
July 201628 48930 11417 34416 79710 73012 159415
August 201627 84629 63418 10716 6979 59611 816144
September 201622 32925 12114 14714 8607 87310 105309
October 201634 85432 22318 20317 39216 22015 167432
November 201635 59733 73918 74318 93816 48414 309371
December 201637 31534 08920 72420 49816 47013 546121
January 201741 02936 35521 03421 24419 56116 329434
February 201735 43835 44317 78419 49317 06415 563590
March 201736 28834 05017 16317 76318 63115 782493
April 201734 92435 23218 44117 49916 05616 869426
May 201732 40634 21117 64017 04514 46616 477300
June 201729 27533 80116 03817 17012 98116 737256
July 201729 86731 85614 10513 83015 26917 249494
August 201732 95135 14117 67616 28714 80318 037472
September 201730 02433 71616 07816 84013 69717 508249
October 201733 65631 09915 36614 65218 00716 865283
November 201736 52634 71717 31717 53118 38516 009823
December 201741 22537 56920 34120 04820 71717 083167
January 201844 25339 08219 34219 54824 27120 214640
February 201837 11736 98417 56819 25118 78517 100763
March 201841 03338 58821 30322 16619 73016 817-

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2017March 2018March 2017 - March 2018So far this yearMarch 2017 - March 2018
March 2017March 2018
Total57 20063 25310.6157 422169 2787.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 3051-99.96 2531 025-83.6
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms55 89563 25213.2151 169168 25311.3
 
0 Food and live animals3 5913 484-3.010 58110 6330.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031513-11.642421.1
01 Meat and meat preparations136134-1.8370299-19.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1051104.527932516.5
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof2722917.11 3731 314-4.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations459455-0.91 2441 3569.0
05 Vegetables and fruit1 1621 082-6.93 2583 171-2.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey147121-18.1404352-12.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices334282-15.5991908-8.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)48955212.91 3491 50411.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products472444-5.91 2701 3617.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco770726-5.81 9232 0235.2
11 Beverages5055060.31 2731 46014.8
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures265219-17.3650562-13.6
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 5924 37821.99 45011 73124.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-42.755-11.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits270191-29.3664552-16.8
23 Crude rubber1312-2.7233548.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork457380-16.71 1341 087-4.2
25 Pulp and waste paper5345-14.2144135-6.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste12122.43533-7.7
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2512510.377887011.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 2703 24442.95 9548 29239.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials266241-9.47127221.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 5763 98654.88 20810 13323.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1611737.149358218.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 0383 22058.06 8878 36621.5
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 4111 394-1.25 1634 554-11.8
34 Gas , natural and manufactured58179207.2177391121.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane42168301.1130374187.1
35 Electric current31841430.365179321.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes526442-15.81 5291 361-11.0
41 Animal oils and fats210188-10.1651467-28.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated301238-20.98398491.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed15167.3394514.9
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 5255 728-12.216 75317 2442.9
51 Organic chemicals1 132658-41.82 5072 433-2.9
52 Inorganic chemicals447406-9.11 1301 32217.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials311289-7.08258594.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 6241 7507.84 3894 7648.5
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6426450.51 7721 9429.6
56 Fertilizers2282488.861573920.1
57 Plastics in primary forms442392-11.21 2171 2805.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms524492-6.11 3311 4166.4
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 178847-28.12 9682 489-16.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 09112 77557.921 59228 24630.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4949-0.61411463.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.488439-10.11 1901 2858.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures713612-14.11 9361 850-4.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof653622-4.71 8761 9051.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles711660-7.11 8481 9787.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.852765-10.22 2282 3254.4
67 Iron and steel1 1901 1920.13 1844 42038.8
68 Non-ferrous metals8931 14728.42 2592 77822.9
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 5427 289186.76 92911 55966.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment22 45823 7735.962 22763 2851.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 1502 434111.63 8124 25611.6
72 Machinery for special industries2 3332 206-5.55 7136 36511.4
73 Metal working machinery12014117.632639320.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 7192 7792.27 3557 7725.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3971 5359.83 9724 43411.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 0331 747-14.15 5885 7132.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 7533 05411.07 7048 68212.7
78 Road vehicles7 3397 5993.518 39019 6576.9
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 4204 96412.311 01512 59414.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 6132 277-12.89 3656 012-35.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 9887 869-12.524 92624 365-2.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.724666-8.12 1322 109-1.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 4731 320-10.44 0253 973-1.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.164147-10.34194374.4
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 9411 656-14.75 2965 3040.1
85 Footwear600513-14.61 5701 539-2.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 3901 159-16.64 1113 728-9.3
88 Photographic and optical goods259241-7.17047587.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 4372 167-11.16 6696 517-2.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions839312.223425810.5
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind283733.574819.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-44.931-70.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)54551.815717612.2

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2017March 2018March 2017 - March 2018So far this yearMarch 2017 - March 2018
March 2017March 2018
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total76 26878 2322.6222 175234 5565.6
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)17 16321 30324.155 98158 2134.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)18 63119 7305.955 25662 78613.6
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)493--100.01 5181 404-7.5
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 211--100.07 0102 370-66.2
Mainland exports38 76937 200-4.0102 410109 7847.2
 
0 Food and live animals9 3139 255-0.625 14024 632-2.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0332-31.61211-8.1
01 Meat and meat preparations22249.6576310.9
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs647213.0199198-0.7
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof8 8148 739-0.923 68823 158-2.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations35388.28510220.3
05 Vegetables and fruit151817.4364832.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey27224.691127.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3729-21.110098-2.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)17822325.254863816.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products143104-27.4406305-24.9
 
1 Beverages and tobacco77815.018521818.2
11 Beverages76804.818221618.7
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1116.932-15.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 3621 351-0.83 8254 29212.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw5138-25.6287220-23.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1168.51276.5
23 Crude rubber64-34.71510-34.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork297295-0.775094626.2
25 Pulp and waste paper2392504.57057435.4
26 Textile fibres and their waste2116-23.35857-2.6
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales27631413.780492314.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap428389-9.21 0981 25714.5
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials44451.910613325.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials42 75147 32510.7128 364143 75412.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00-5.90074.9
33 Petroleum, petroleum products22 26125 76115.766 72274 04511.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 5394 405-2.99 08014 25457.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured20 18021 1865.060 45468 07412.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 3821 170-15.34 5414 496-1.0
35 Electric current30937722.01 1881 63437.5
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes235215-8.65255698.4
41 Animal oils and fats1121130.624429219.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated6631-52.6144114-20.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed577123.913716318.9
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 9704 911-1.213 32314 6289.8
51 Organic chemicals1 3921 3990.53 7924 0246.1
52 Inorganic chemicals744703-5.52 0052 1828.8
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1771886.34634957.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products50866530.91 3971 95339.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1221327.93633856.2
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms482462-4.21 3921 4947.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms128124-2.53183283.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 4181 238-12.73 5943 7684.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 6106 236-18.120 67719 727-4.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins71158.1202941.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6855-18.5206167-19.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures160146-8.34074398.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof482423-12.21 2841 3162.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles152148-2.84154324.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.179120-33.1432377-12.7
67 Iron and steel1 4301 367-4.43 8393 614-5.9
68 Non-ferrous metals4 2913 185-25.811 83111 441-3.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.841781-7.22 2431 913-14.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 5466 647-11.923 89420 518-14.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment57989253.91 6142 26240.1
72 Machinery for special industries9501 0166.92 5402 7006.3
73 Metal working machinery9552-45.8204136-33.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 3611 071-21.34 2033 562-15.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines2042134.557964811.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.6366695.21 4081 80228.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 3721 54912.92 9873 57819.8
78 Road vehicles6937102.51 8161 9949.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 654475-71.38 5433 837-55.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 3492 134-9.16 0315 990-0.7
81 Prefabricated buildings.14617318.13954216.8
82 Furniture and parts thereof284229-19.6763744-2.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.109-10.921221.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories8370-16.32042081.8
85 Footwear17172.737384.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments928808-13.02 6022 181-16.2
88 Photographic and optical goods2121-2.255550.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s859809-5.81 9552 32118.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions547743.22122287.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00409.9078 677.8
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender0026.611-2.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)537642.72112204.3

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2017March 2018March 2017March 2018
Total157 422169 2787.5222 175234 5565.6
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries33 33834 7914.428 15933 45718.8
EFTA2 0072 73036.01 9032 0005.1
EU100 542103 1402.6180 782190 6385.5
OECD121 726130 5337.2199 333209 6745.2
Developing countries29 08530 4284.615 49718 77121.1
LDC - least developed countries9081 01111.39942 016102.8
 
Continents and countries
Europe107 158112 1274.6186 380195 8375.1
Belgium2 4102 4401.210 19812 65224.1
Denmark10 0429 910-1.311 16113 32119.4
Estonia1 2351 2622.23763872.9
Finland3 5633 9029.53 0853 97628.9
France4 7025 42515.413 18315 15615.0
Greece14224270.4339296-12.7
Ireland1 2251 2633.13 1882 500-21.6
Iceland31862295.61 1251 32417.7
Italy6 6346 404-3.52 6592 224-16.4
Lithuania1 7671 8615.31 6991 477-13.1
Netherlands6 5526 030-8.023 26025 2488.5
Poland5 6875 302-6.85 1844 852-6.4
Portugal63874216.31 1661 126-3.4
Romania6977223.619626937.2
Russia2 4243 79756.6527469-11.0
Slovakia7608248.410485-18.3
Spain3 4983 5992.95 3173 798-28.6
United Kingdom8 4929 0586.752 64351 749-1.7
Switzerland1 6732 09325.1767675-12.0
Sweden19 24720 1074.512 33414 69319.1
Czech Republic1 7752 03214.5560490-12.5
Turkey1 6241 7799.52 0281 598-21.2
Germany18 31718 3990.432 44434 9727.8
Hungary6396857.2257222-13.6
Austria1 1461 31714.94735128.2
Other countires in Europe1 9512 31018.42 1071 766-16.2
 
Asia31 30535 24612.617 61318 6225.7
Hong Kong23531333.233148446.2
India9531 06611.9623597-4.2
Japan3 8953 171-18.62 5792 493-3.3
China15 29216 6528.94 4485 17616.4
Malaysia6141 330116.6622457-26.5
Singapore7907900.02 1271 124-47.2
South Korea3 8316 95781.62 0982 53620.9
Taiwan1 0871 018-6.349363228.2
Thailand902788-12.660777527.7
Vietnam1 4931 212-18.8836455-45.6
Other countires in Asia2 2131 949-11.92 8493 89336.6
 
North and Central America13 54016 32920.613 69812 599-8.0
Canada4 1134 70114.32 3112 5128.7
United States8 40910 77028.19 8019 457-3.5
Other countries in North- and Central-America1 018858-15.71 586630-88.5
 
South America3 2222 894-10.21 5161 298-14.4
Brazil2 1432 032-5.21 165890-23.6
Chile282219-22.314520742.8
Peru322149-53.71858222.2
Other countries in South-America4754944.0188143-23.9
 
Africa1 9452 19913.12 6055 627116.0
Angola41132 725.052266-87.4
Botswana25250.0--.
South Africa66276515.6174351101.7
Other countires in Africa1 2541 2963.31 9095 210172.9
 
Oceania25248291.336357257.6
Australia180426136.732039021.9
New Zealand7155-22.52959103.4
Other countires in Oceania110.014123778.6

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2017March 2018March 2017March 2018
Total151 169168 25311.3102 410109 7847.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries33 32434 7404.219 10121 39512.0
EFTA1 9992 73036.61 9032 0005.1
EU97 679102 9245.466 08771 7448.6
OECD115 968129 95012.182 08887 5586.7
Developing countries28 43629 7444.614 66116 23210.7
LDC - least developed countries9081 01111.39942 016102.8
 
Continents and countries
Europe104 098111 5437.270 98776 5847.9
Belgium2 4102 4401.23 3344 22826.8
Denmark10 0409 910-1.35 8936 79615.3
Estonia1 2351 2622.23763872.9
Finland3 5633 8518.11 9121 9873.9
France4 7025 42515.43 5153 87310.2
Greece14224270.4339296-12.7
Ireland1 2251 2633.19151 18429.4
Iceland310622100.61 1251 32417.7
Italy4 3196 40448.32 4032 224-7.4
Lithuania1 7671 8615.31 0861 027-5.4
Netherlands6 5526 030-8.010 37812 10716.7
Poland5 6875 302-6.84 2094 161-1.1
Portugal63874216.31 1661 126-3.4
Romania6977223.619626937.2
Russia2 4243 79756.6525469-10.7
Slovakia7608248.410485-18.3
Spain3 4983 5992.92 7682 540-8.2
United Kingdom8 3738 9316.78 2249 0179.6
Switzerland1 6732 09325.1767675-12.0
Sweden19 24320 1074.59 95211 14412.0
Czech Republic1 7752 03214.5560490-12.5
Turkey1 4351 412-1.61 4781 238-16.2
Germany17 89318 3612.67 5697 462-1.4
Hungary6396857.2257222-13.6
Austria1 1461 31714.94735128.2
Other countries in Europe1 9522 30918.31 4631 74119.0
 
Asia28 14734 80523.717 41116 293-6.4
Hong Kong235187-20.433148446.2
India9531 06611.949659720.4
Japan3 3953 171-6.62 5792 493-3.3
China15 29216 3366.84 3734 116-5.9
Malaysia6141 330116.6622457-26.5
Singapore7777901.72 1271 124-47.2
South Korea1 6346 957325.82 0981 766-15.8
Taiwan1 0871 018-6.349363228.2
Thailand902788-12.6607572-5.8
Vietnam1 0681 21213.5836455-45.6
Other countries in Asia2 1901 950-11.02 8493 59726.3
 
North and Central America13 50516 32920.99 61410 0304.3
Canada4 1134 70114.31 046800-23.5
United States8 40910 77028.17 9538 6008.1
Other countries in North and Central America983858-12.76156302.4
 
South America3 2222 894-10.21 5161 298-14.4
Brazil2 1432 032-5.21 165890-23.6
Chile282219-22.314520742.8
Peru322149-53.71858222.2
Other countries in South America4754944.0188143-23.9
 
Africa1 9452 19913.12 5295 117102.3
Angola41132 725.052266-87.4
Botswana25250.0--.
South Africa66276515.6174162-6.9
Other countries in Africa1 2541 2963.31 8334 889166.7
 
Oceania25248291.335346230.9
Australia180426136.732039021.9
New Zealand7155-22.52959103.4
Other countries in Oceania110.0413225.0

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
March 2018
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total169 27810 6332 02311 73110 1331 36117 24428 24663 28524 365258
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)103 1406 9891 8214 3817 00851612 28616 26440 91112 713251
Nordic countries34 7912 3815642 1984 1784163 3076 19910 6764 636236
Developing countries30 4282 261522 7272522139813 85410 9469 1385
Russia3 79728131741 1244083481 40914360
India1 066211012081222811143180
Japan3 1712114101485292 1902780
China16 6522550833034881 9068 1685 7153
Singapore7904000048139171940
South Korea6 9577019201045 1391 611760
United States10 770207491311 692471 7954755 0921 2821
Canada4 7019443 9375108262373990
Brazil2 03250201 3560056466362
South Africa76518611384009739930

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
March 2018
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total234 55624 6322184 292143 75456914 62819 72720 5185 990228
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)190 63816 5001313 664130 0043229 04915 89911 8613 18326
Nordic countries33 4574 216841 26714 3691302 5424 0595 3491 4392
Developing countries18 7713 389154346 427983 1301 1183 6035560
Russia469170360090149129427
India597504600181226122160
Japan2 4937441305245356365418520
China5 176897102431 06071 5842479441840
Singapore1 124141023851245331851330
South Korea2 53665202377191623114701400
United States9 4571 53737312 2811079571 2312 2701 0060
Canada2 512184001 712465209275630
Brazil89029503102158147224330
South Africa35175041890142135140

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2017March 2018March 2017 - March 2018So far this yearMarch 2017 - March 2018
March 2017March 2018
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country38 76937 200-4.0102 410109 7847.2
 
County of production
Østfold1 6901 551-8.23 9294 33210.3
Akershus487464-4.71 3851 4555.1
Oslo796616-22.62 1911 886-13.9
Hedmark3413687.99711 20223.8
Oppland57179038.41 6992 14726.4
Buskerud1 4101 122-20.43 4053 158-7.3
Vestfold2 1291 880-11.75 6366 0287.0
Telemark1 9091 886-1.24 9975 64212.9
Aust-Agder2732978.877988613.7
Vest-Agder2 6172 562-2.17 4557 5080.7
Rogaland3 3833 077-9.010 1089 626-4.8
Hordaland6 4226 331-1.414 68619 93935.8
Sogn og Fjordane1 235940-23.93 4413 219-6.5
Møre og Romsdal3 6562 994-18.19 8649 156-7.2
Trøndelag02 303.06 359.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1 915.-100.05 050.-100.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)663.-100.01 481.-100.0
Nordland2 6012 7154.46 8836 9110.4
Troms - Romsa70891929.81 9612 41122.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku53463118.21 7811 9046.9
Svalbard-0.00.
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 2481 3326.73 7134 0679.5
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 4973 6494.39 3049 9547.0
County not stated6827711 6911 99317.9

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
March 2018
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobaccoFish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuelsFuelsManufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country37 2009 3378 7391 5666 29220 005
 
County of production1
Østfold1 55191620401 256
Akershus4644721120405
Oslo616433351537
Hedmark36838261310199
Oppland7902-200768
Buskerud1 122303901 079
Vestfold1 880232641 021772
Telemark1 88624552241 785
Aust-Agder29733028-236
Vest-Agder2 5621093802 514
Rogaland3 0772692051371 3121 359
Hordaland6 3311 4661 438543 4961 316
Sogn og Fjordane940449447300461
Møre og Romsdal2 9941 7151 61416411 115
Trøndelag22 3031 5571 5361110635
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 7151 3471 33866-1 301
Troms - Romsa9198118119099
Finnmark - Finnmárku63153353336566
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 332582516240377132
Re-exports of goods produced abroad33 64990396523 492
County not stated771201192320538

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
February 2018
Total106 0250.20.6
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 02414.332.9
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms105 0010.10.3
 
0 Food and live animals7 1490.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03290.0-0.3
01 Meat and meat preparations1650.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs2150.0-0.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof1 0230.40.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations9010.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit2 0890.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey2320.0-0.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices6260.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)952-0.10.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products9170.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1 2970.10.1
11 Beverages9540.10.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3430.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels7 3530.00.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw30.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits3620.00.0
23 Crude rubber220.00.3
24 Wood, lumber and cork7070.00.0
25 Pulp and waste paper900.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste21-0.1-0.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales6190.0-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5 0470.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials4820.10.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials6 1463.28.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes4100.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products5 1453.910.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation3 1600.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured2120.00.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane2060.00.0
35 Electric current3800.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes9180.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats2780.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated6110.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed290.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.11 5170.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals1 7750.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals9160.10.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials5700.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products3 0140.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 2970.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers4910.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms8880.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms9240.00.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 642-0.3-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material15 472-0.1-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins970.0-0.1
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.8470.0-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 2380.0-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof1 2830.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 3180.00.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5600.0-0.4
67 Iron and steel3 229-0.2-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals1 630-0.1-0.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.4 270-0.1-0.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment39 5120.20.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 822-0.5-0.6
72 Machinery for special industries4 1590.0-0.1
73 Metal working machinery2520.0-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment4 993-0.6-0.6
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 8990.0-0.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.3 9660.0-0.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus5 628-0.1-0.1
78 Road vehicles12 058-0.1-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships3 7353.67.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles16 496-0.1-0.1
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 4430.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 652-0.1-0.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.290-0.2-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories3 649-0.1-0.2
85 Footwear1 0260.10.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments2 569-0.1-0.2
88 Photographic and optical goods517-0.3-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4 350-0.1-0.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions1660.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind440.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1210.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
February 2018
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total156 3240.50.5
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)36 9100.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)43 056-0.1-0.3
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)1 404-0.1-0.1
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)2 37053.367.1
Mainland exports72 584-0.10.0
 
0 Food and live animals15 377-0.1-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.038-1.1-1.1
01 Meat and meat preparations390.0-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1260.30.3
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof14 419-0.1-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations640.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit300.0-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey50.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices690.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)416-0.8-1.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products2010.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1370.0-0.1
11 Beverages1360.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures10.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 9410.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw1820.40.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10.00.0
23 Crude rubber60.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork6510.0-1.2
25 Pulp and waste paper4940.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste410.0-0.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales609-0.10.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap8690.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials880.80.8
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials96 429-0.10.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products48 2840.00.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation9 8490.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured46 888-0.1-0.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane3 3260.00.4
35 Electric current1 2560.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes3540.20.2
41 Animal oils and fats1790.03.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated831.11.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed920.0-5.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.9 7180.10.1
51 Organic chemicals2 6250.90.9
52 Inorganic chemicals1 4790.00.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials307-0.1-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 288-1.5-1.5
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc2540.00.0
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms1 0320.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms203-0.5-0.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.2 5290.30.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material13 491-0.1-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins180.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.1120.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures2930.0-0.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof8940.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles2840.0-1.4
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.257-0.1-0.1
67 Iron and steel2 2470.0-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals8 255-0.2-0.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.1 132-0.1-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment13 8716.27.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 3700.0-0.2
72 Machinery for special industries1 6840.0-0.8
73 Metal working machinery84-0.3-0.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 4910.00.0
75 Office machines, data processing machines4340.00.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.1 1330.00.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 0290.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles1 284-0.3-0.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships3 36232.339.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles3 855-0.3-0.6
81 Prefabricated buildings.2490.0-0.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof5150.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.130.00.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1380.00.0
85 Footwear210.0-2.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 374-0.3-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods340.00.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s1 512-0.5-1.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions1510.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind70.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1440.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

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