366546
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366546
statistikk
2019-06-17T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

11.3  

NOK billion – Trade balance in May 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
May 2019April 2019 - May 2019May 2018 - May 2019May 2019May 2018 - May 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports77.4-2.7-3.2409.21.6
Crude oil20.3-2.1-7.1100.3-6.0
Natural gas14.7-12.2-19.4102.2-1.5
Natural gas condensates0.6192.9-20.41.9-35.5
Ships and oil platforms0.1-96.4-94.43.1-36.0
Mainland exports41.75.411.0201.79.2
Fish8.4-2.82.342.07.5
 
Imports66.16.04.4317.87.1
Ships and oil platforms0.0-99.9-99.42.619.4
 
The trade balance11.3-34.2-32.091.4-13.9
The mainland trade balance-24.4-10.84.5-113.5-3.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 201759 45958 72756 863732-
June 201767 34565 81664 0661 529-
July 201747 11145 95747 2091 155-
August 201755 35453 45655 6161 898-
September 201759 69454 60153 738984 994
October 201756 53756 25853 813279-
November 201783 88078 35574 6353055 220
December 201753 25952 85856 388401-
January 201854 70153 88257 877819-
February 201850 97850 61053 527369-
March 201864 22263 87960 266344-
April 201863 53563 06562 499471-
May 201863 25363 09160 178162-
June 201859 01359 00657 5927-
July 201854 82254 81856 4265-
August 201856 42556 41358 57213-
September 201859 31759 18658 706131-
October 201865 58265 16962 750413-
November 201865 05565 05461 7441-
December 201853 42953 33157 32398-
January 201960 36259 44963 595913-
February 201962 24461 93365 555312-
March 201966 81366 22662 495586-
April 201962 31061 53860 780772-
May 201966 05666 05562 3231-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 201768 88168 43270 87235 01834 860449-
June 201768 95567 53170 43537 23534 6481 425-
July 201762 93062 93066 49732 10835 397--
August 201768 71068 35870 98534 42335 347351-
September 201766 51965 71369 85334 70234 697806-
October 201775 29275 13571 29737 40435 681157-
November 201778 88677 79974 76737 96736 3531 087-
December 201778 13477 71074 80735 07036 666424-
January 201885 60882 98176 28336 99836 8552 627-
February 201875 88775 79778 04235 75437 47191-
March 201881 64381 59378 12537 38637 09550-
April 201879 77979 21780 90336 99236 486563-
May 201879 94278 43880 98537 54637 0491 505-
June 201879 32178 37581 51139 35237 622946-
July 201881 66381 16086 04434 25236 265502-
August 201886 92586 48889 39940 21941 179437-
September 201881 62580 16385 85036 12237 7721 461-
October 201898 22398 12993 38043 01339 82395-
November 201887 02786 91183 33842 08339 647117-
December 201879 71979 68576 81235 69238 47234-
January 201991 10791 03883 51342 52241 91068-
February 201979 00778 79581 10337 40839 146212-
March 201982 12781 73378 33240 58537 995394-
April 201979 56077 22678 66739 51940 6772 334-
May 201977 40077 31679 70441 66440 97984-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 20179 4229 705-23 708
June 20171 6101 715-28 581
July 201715 81916 974-13 848
August 201713 35514 902-19 033
September 20176 82511 112-19 899
October 201718 75518 877-18 855
November 2017-4 994-557-40 388
December 201724 87524 853-17 787
January 201830 90729 099-16 884
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201930 74531 589-16 927
February 201916 76216 862-24 525
March 201915 31415 507-25 642
April 201917 25015 688-22 019
May 201911 34411 261-24 391

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
May 201733 41435 80918 64818 31914 46616 704300
June 201730 29635 17817 06318 25312 97716 748256
July 201730 82231 74615 05914 64415 26916 735494
August 201733 93535 54618 68717 72014 77617 498472
September 201731 01134 23216 94817 55713 81417 529249
October 201737 73234 58917 56416 92919 88518 075283
November 201739 83137 66818 80319 52820 20717 738822
December 201742 64039 66722 11521 66120 35817 446167
January 201845 98340 51021 76321 09223 58018 883639
February 201840 04240 09518 61520 06920 66018 988767
March 201844 20742 51622 54822 67721 65919 398-
April 201842 22543 31721 95721 32819 58320 634686
May 201840 89243 98821 81021 49618 27721 197805
June 201839 02345 29121 37222 72517 65122 762-
July 201846 90948 16323 02422 56623 45925 546425
August 201846 26948 30723 20622 09822 06425 935999
September 201844 04148 60824 04324 80919 62924 840369
October 201855 11650 63727 77227 12926 60424 137739
November 201844 82742 31318 07918 77025 58822 5261 160
December 201843 99340 88217 14416 59226 68123 100168
January 201948 51642 58820 54319 77927 97422 171-
February 201941 38741 41718 27219 72522 60020 775515
March 201941 14839 66820 51820 41920 13618 192494
April 201937 70838 78220 70520 21116 78417 645219
May 201935 65238 53720 27220 18914 73917 076641

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
May 2018May 2019May 2018 - May 2019So far this yearMay 2018 - May 2019
May 2018May 2019
Total63 25366 0564.4296 690317 7857.1
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1621-99.42 1642 58419.4
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms63 09166 0554.7294 526315 2017.0
 
0 Food and live animals4 0284 3147.118 48220 35010.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03131727.385850.3
01 Meat and meat preparations151114-24.4595551-7.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs146119-18.95886083.3
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof3774067.62 0862 42816.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations46767444.32 2833 03332.9
05 Vegetables and fruit1 4201 306-8.05 7895 771-0.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey10311411.256862710.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices26330114.61 4531 5486.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)57765413.42 6872 9379.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products51161019.22 3482 76117.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8869679.13 7594 14010.1
11 Beverages6106577.72 6242 8197.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures27631012.31 1351 32116.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 7194 172-11.619 87419 604-1.4
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw13165.6820148.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits33625-92.41 059791-25.3
23 Crude rubber20201.06865-4.7
24 Wood, lumber and cork44752116.61 9612 32018.3
25 Pulp and waste paper416457.4222208-6.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste107-27.95248-6.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3433604.81 4981 6077.3
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 1502 775-11.913 54813 033-3.8
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3703967.01 4581 5123.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials5 1313 195-37.719 41519 069-1.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes235214-9.29821 10612.6
33 Petroleum, petroleum products4 5382 532-44.216 34614 689-10.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 7192 12923.98 4999 95217.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured10060-40.7577445-22.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane9756-42.2552369-33.1
35 Electric current25738951.31 5102 82987.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes555462-16.62 6032 6170.5
41 Animal oils and fats246221-10.11 1491 1631.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated292224-23.11 3731 3750.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed17170.58179-2.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 4006 7956.229 41030 9235.1
51 Organic chemicals982833-15.14 0593 810-6.1
52 Inorganic chemicals4564560.02 2032 2632.7
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3383544.51 5161 6217.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 6361 6712.17 9698 2553.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc685645-5.83 3003 162-4.2
56 Fertilizers2882994.11 2431 38711.6
57 Plastics in primary forms3954216.52 1242 1883.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms6526530.12 6682 8235.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9681 46351.24 3295 41425.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 2449 29612.850 65947 587-6.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4341-6.0239202-15.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4565009.52 1672 38810.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures6817154.93 2143 3674.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof6126526.53 1693 2633.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles70277510.53 4103 7028.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8658923.24 0004 1824.6
67 Iron and steel1 1541 75652.27 5278 0116.4
68 Non-ferrous metals1 230853-30.65 1074 070-20.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 5013 11324.421 82718 402-15.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment25 23928 10811.4111 514129 26915.9
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9751 30834.25 71912 861124.9
72 Machinery for special industries2 4703 00121.511 54512 76810.6
73 Metal working machinery12717437.272182113.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 2973 5828.714 17616 79318.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 5371 414-8.07 4607 431-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment1 9322 31619.99 50610 71712.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 2523 4626.514 97316 3909.5
78 Road vehicles7 0588 87425.734 31040 44017.9
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 1174 3826.421 26823 72511.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships4 5923 976-13.413 10211 048-15.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 9538 6468.740 50743 7538.0
81 Prefabricated buildings72386219.33 5784 03812.9
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3481 3772.26 6637 2188.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.14916611.171078110.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 3391 4085.28 2668 5153.0
85 Footwear3673793.42 3742 5306.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4381 63013.36 6157 65515.7
88 Photographic and optical goods2702824.71 2711 3526.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 3192 5429.611 03011 6625.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions991001.24664751.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4136-13.21551634.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender12323.385-35.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)57628.63033071.3

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
May 2018May 2019May 2018 - May 2019So far this yearMay 2018 - May 2019
May 2018May 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total79 94277 400-3.2402 860409 2001.6
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)21 81020 272-7.1106 694100 310-6.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)18 27714 739-19.4103 759102 233-1.5
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)805641-20.42 8971 869-35.5
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 50584-94.44 8353 092-36.0
Mainland exports37 54641 66411.0184 676201 6979.2
 
0 Food and live animals8 7359 1705.041 68945 2398.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0383-63.12620-23.8
01 Meat and meat preparations202633.61041117.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs577224.73273589.3
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof8 1888 3742.339 03941 9747.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations384725.317122531.3
05 Vegetables and fruit2218-19.48875-15.5
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey37171.3222935.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3630-15.21631789.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)23840369.31 1561 49529.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products12619050.959277430.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco819619.63823984.1
11 Beverages799519.43773954.8
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1232.953-38.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 4361 69818.27 3418 18511.5
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw243023.029138532.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits01388.63326.4
23 Crude rubber44-2.71919-0.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork31337619.91 6221 80511.3
25 Pulp and waste paper22227624.31 2131 2200.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste3028-7.71091111.9
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3834066.11 6351 87414.7
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap42153727.62 2372 59916.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials39414.2212168-21.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials47 61743 170-9.3248 653239 078-3.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00192.0331-98.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products27 12326 520-2.2133 478126 570-5.2
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 4565 57525.123 62324 1112.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured20 08616 374-18.5112 888110 898-1.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 4541 387-4.67 8007 497-3.9
35 Electric current407275-32.52 2531 610-28.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes14922652.08731 09125.0
41 Animal oils and fats8214272.545155322.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated162450.617320417.9
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed516019.224933434.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 0265 2464.424 50925 6554.7
51 Organic chemicals1 4251 61813.56 6577 1467.4
52 Inorganic chemicals814636-21.83 7433 359-10.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials174149-14.5844811-4.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products6036477.33 1812 870-9.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc12114016.163071713.9
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms574468-18.52 5592 500-2.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms136122-10.3674575-14.7
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 1791 46624.36 2217 67723.4
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 4878 32311.234 82337 6188.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins6717.53431-8.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5649-13.1280269-4.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures143143-0.17227442.9
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4704832.92 2512 4197.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1191265.36916960.7
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.13616923.864978220.4
67 Iron and steel1 0251 48144.55 9516 80214.3
68 Non-ferrous metals4 8155 0234.320 90522 2706.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.71684217.73 3403 6068.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 3127 123-2.634 22041 04419.9
71 Power generating machinery and equipment45174966.22 7594 59566.5
72 Machinery for special industries9201 03612.64 5834 7654.0
73 Metal working machinery546621.122826716.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 4231 61713.66 2197 40319.0
75 Office machines, data processing machines21025521.11 0631 29822.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment41552426.52 7042 510-7.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 1201 048-6.45 6047 72137.8
78 Road vehicles63674417.03 2753 90919.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 0821 083-48.07 7848 57610.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 0262 26311.710 00910 5555.5
81 Prefabricated buildings1181266.9637592-7.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof21424614.81 1961 2131.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.81361.1416865.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories647518.53343669.5
85 Footwear91445.0649244.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments8291 05427.13 9104 91825.8
88 Photographic and optical goods25250.110011313.5
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s759710-6.43 7273 193-14.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions748513.9361337-6.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00-97.190-96.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender011 629.01142.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)748413.9351336-4.3

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
May 2018May 2019May 2018May 2019
Total296 690317 7857.1402 860409 2001.6
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries60 72266 1819.053 81653 113-1.3
EFTA4 3494 278-1.63 2773 233-1.3
EU178 630195 4809.4329 182333 0231.2
OECD231 101201 023-13.0362 876337 821-6.9
Developing countries51 47155 1557.229 72932 4799.3
LDC - least developed countries1 6822 24933.73 253933-71.3
 
Continents and countries
Europe194 615212 0369.0337 379341 3211.2
Belgium4 3214 85012.222 01119 829-9.9
Denmark16 47220 11022.120 22017 248-14.7
Estonia2 1812 64121.16566742.7
Finland6 8147 3658.16 5804 558-30.7
France9 15810 0129.324 74425 3982.6
Greece35545728.740865761.0
Ireland2 1921 895-13.53 9442 866-27.3
Iceland1 031820-20.52 1571 953-9.5
Italy10 0809 507-5.74 4955 89931.2
Lithuania3 2083 67814.72 4322 170-10.8
Netherlands10 50212 28116.942 51242 474-0.1
Poland9 58012 45230.09 2879 7114.6
Portugal1 0941 34022.52 1432 45114.4
Romania1 2231 38012.84224383.8
Russia7 5267 8334.11 0351 20716.6
Slovakia1 3451 3752.217821420.2
Spain6 1007 16317.45 9008 97552.1
United Kingdom15 61815 417-1.394 02688 170-6.2
Switzerland3 2953 4334.21 1201 27814.1
Sweden35 92937 4254.224 57629 14018.6
Czech Republic3 4483 5442.882893713.2
Turkey2 9913 31510.82 5782 89212.2
Germany32 80934 7175.861 44068 07810.8
Hungary1 1591 2275.9337314-6.8
Austria2 3263 75961.67281 24170.5
Other countires in Europe3 8584 0404.72 6222 549-2.8
 
Asia60 48160 016-0.829 29532 34110.4
Hong Kong580372-35.98078657.2
India1 8932 24518.69461 08915.1
Japan6 0096 0610.93 8874 31411.0
China26 95529 2978.77 9419 84324.0
Malaysia2 0591 238-39.97437673.2
Singapore1 4081 242-11.81 9772 93348.4
South Korea13 2349 668-26.94 2363 771-11.0
Taiwan1 6982 07222.080196120.0
Thailand1 3631 4063.21 1481 2327.3
Vietnam1 9342 62235.66967446.9
Other countires in Asia3 3483 79313.36 1135 822-4.8
 
North and Central America30 88634 66112.222 81022 109-3.1
Canada7 8656 204-21.13 6683 083-15.9
United States21 38426 22622.617 58117 542-0.2
Other countries in North- and Central-America1 6372 23136.31 5611 484-77.2
 
South America6 1635 719-7.22 7692 563-7.4
Brazil4 4503 547-20.31 3751 66020.7
Chile36854247.334249845.6
Peru44062742.57326-64.4
Other countries in South-America9051 00310.8979379-61.3
 
Africa3 7634 20111.68 9369 97911.7
Angola116325180.2346112-67.6
Botswana66694.50-.
South Africa1 3561 305-3.8801511-36.2
Other countires in Africa2 2252 50212.47 7899 35620.1
 
Oceania7811 15247.51 672887-46.9
Australia66197647.7761673-11.6
New Zealand11717448.7779143-81.6
Other countires in Oceania32-33.313271-46.2

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
May 2018May 2019May 2018May 2019
Total294 526315 2017.0184 676201 6979.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries60 69065 5838.135 35937 9777.4
EFTA4 3494 271-1.83 2773 226-1.6
EU178 275194 9639.4122 594130 9026.8
OECD229 545199 879-12.9150 224136 082-9.4
Developing countries50 69754 5357.625 77331 60222.6
LDC - least developed countries1 6822 24933.73 253933-71.3
 
Continents and countries
Europe193 840210 7938.7130 622139 5606.8
Belgium4 3214 85012.27 6996 876-10.7
Denmark16 47019 61919.111 39613 11915.1
Estonia2 1812 64121.16566742.7
Finland6 7877 3658.53 3113 179-4.0
France9 15810 0129.36 2536 6486.3
Greece35545728.740448720.5
Ireland2 1921 895-13.51 8572 18617.7
Iceland1 031812-21.22 1571 946-9.8
Italy10 0809 487-5.93 7123 9937.6
Lithuania3 2083 67214.51 6822 00719.3
Netherlands10 46512 28117.422 22720 727-6.7
Poland9 58012 45230.07 5307 9205.2
Portugal1 0941 34022.52 1432 135-0.4
Romania1 2231 38012.84224383.8
Russia7 5267 8334.18961 18632.4
Slovakia1 3451 3752.217821420.2
Spain6 1007 16317.44 6025 44918.4
United Kingdom15 37015 4170.315 29517 68115.6
Switzerland3 2953 4334.21 1201 27814.1
Sweden35 92737 4254.218 21119 5197.2
Czech Republic3 4483 5442.882893713.2
Turkey2 5702 6954.92 1722 89233.1
Germany32 77034 7175.912 21213 96514.4
Hungary1 1591 2275.9337314-6.8
Austria2 3263 75961.67281 24170.5
Other countries in Europe3 8593 9422.22 5942 549-1.7
 
Asia59 13058 675-0.825 56831 23322.2
Hong Kong32637214.1764761-0.4
India1 8932 24518.69461 08915.1
Japan6 0096 0610.93 8874 31411.0
China26 63929 29710.06 5039 32743.4
Malaysia2 0591 238-39.97437673.2
Singapore1 4081 242-11.81 9672 85545.1
South Korea12 4538 328-33.12 9993 72724.3
Taiwan1 6982 07222.080196120.0
Thailand1 3631 4063.29451 23230.4
Vietnam1 9342 62235.66967446.9
Other countries in Asia3 3483 79213.35 3175 4562.6
 
North and Central America30 88634 66112.217 53117 9442.4
Canada7 8656 204-21.11 3092 00453.1
United States21 38426 22622.615 03914 844-1.3
Other countries in North and Central America1 6372 23136.31 1831 096-7.4
 
South America6 1635 719-7.22 1332 38111.6
Brazil4 4503 547-20.31 3751 58515.3
Chile36854247.334239014.0
Peru44062742.57326-64.4
Other countries in South America9051 00310.834338010.8
 
Africa3 7254 20112.87 9339 73722.7
Angola116325180.2346112-67.6
Botswana66694.50-.
South Africa1 3181 305-1.027133222.5
Other countries in Africa2 2252 50212.47 3169 29327.0
 
Oceania7811 15247.5889842-5.3
Australia66197647.7761673-11.6
New Zealand11717448.710514336.2
Other countries in Oceania32-33.3232613.0

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
May 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total317 78520 3504 14019 60419 0692 61730 92347 587129 26943 753475
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)195 48012 7793 7427 71913 16686222 42830 77380 32523 233454
Nordic countries66 1814 3721 0673 8918 8236095 97711 26022 0267 722433
Developing countries55 1554 419895 4095748121 5955 84021 16615 23417
Russia7 83398375652 6966537982 00047830
India2 245462031023555552715690
Japan6 0614148202401 2944 0294440
China29 29739614202257353 76614 7399 2085
Singapore1 2427079004401063132970
South Korea9 66818024341685 5063 8371080
United States26 226474971512 436913 40089715 8752 8051
Canada6 20412064 8161830155466921850
Brazil3 5471 09102 10225092101108234
South Africa1 3052362177101153521458

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
May 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total409 20045 2393988 185239 0781 09125 65537 61841 04410 555337
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)333 02329 8402406 896221 97859014 46630 37922 5536 05724
Nordic countries53 1137 5561302 36222 1702133 9917 3986 8352 4581
Developing countries32 4796 364208496 6681587 5012 2587 6211 0390
Russia1 20712415713102268585660
India1 08910016800393377113270
Japan4 3141 67217077454446176291020
China9 8431 97514377440174 1946301 8503460
Singapore2 933279121 10011282189672370
South Korea3 7711 21512743181696201 2324480
United States17 5422 999831324 9342091 7822 1473 5291 7260
Canada3 0832932161 47581082637751430
Brazil1 6604401467434632292921110
South Africa5111070017913022155160

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
May 2018May 2019May 2018 - May 2019So far this yearMay 2018 - May 2019
May 2018May 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country37 54641 66411.0184 676201 6979.2
 
County of production
Østfold1 4601 257-13.96 9177 1533.4
Akershus55365919.22 5544 00656.9
Oslo56676535.23 0883 3699.1
Hedmark36240411.61 8522 10713.8
Oppland53260313.33 3493 222-3.8
Buskerud1 2861 026-20.25 1294 923-4.0
Vestfold1 8481 699-8.19 6059 7131.1
Telemark2 1701 867-14.09 7309 9692.5
Aust-Agder293281-4.11 4331 372-4.3
Vest-Agder2 7413 18516.212 96014 73013.7
Rogaland3 6364 07212.017 05218 5799.0
Hordaland6 6367 44612.233 88533 193-2.0
Sogn og Fjordane1 1971 2333.05 6995 9173.8
Møre og Romsdal2 8454 09543.915 51719 79727.6
Trøndelag2 2362 419.10 87310 991.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 5082 5331.011 55112 5028.2
Troms - Romsa1 0081 0665.84 3004 82712.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku55865617.62 9363 46818.1
Svalbard00.320-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 2221 189-2.76 2776 5564.4
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 3044 48435.716 29821 49831.9
County not stated5877243 6403 8044.5

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
May 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country41 6649 2668 3741 9247 51822 956
 
County of production1
Østfold1 2579532262935
Akershus6591027141543
Oslo765745440646
Hedmark4041122130180
Oppland60361221574
Buskerud1 0263058-966
Vestfold1 69916174730878
Telemark1 86720041281 778
Aust-Agder281320240224
Vest-Agder3 1859918-3 157
Rogaland4 0726805301611 5321 699
Hordaland7 4469459071254 7871 590
Sogn og Fjordane1 233326299771830
Møre og Romsdal4 0951 8071 74014702 141
Trøndelag22 4191 5821 4861340703
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 5331 3511 324158-1 024
Troms - Romsa1 0669589578-101
Finnmark - Finnmárku65653753742744
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 189558474251275105
Re-exports of goods produced abroad34 484661961854 273
County not stated7249072273605

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
April 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total251 7290.41.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)2 58329.2104.7
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms249 1460.10.5
 
0 Food and live animals16 0350.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0368-0.9-0.9
01 Meat and meat preparations4370.00.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs489-0.1-0.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof2 0220.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2 3590.0-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit4 4650.0-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey5130.00.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1 247-0.1-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2830.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products2 1520.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco3 173-0.10.0
11 Beverages2 162-0.1-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1 0110.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 4320.0-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw160.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits7650.00.0
23 Crude rubber45-0.2-0.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 7990.0-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper1440.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste410.0-2.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 2470.0-0.3
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap10 2590.10.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 1160.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials15 8743.112.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes892-0.2-0.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products12 1574.116.7
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation7 8220.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured386-0.15.5
342 Liquefied propane and butane3130.00.0
35 Electric current2 4390.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1550.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats9420.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1 1510.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed620.0-0.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.24 1270.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals2 9770.0-0.2
52 Inorganic chemicals1 8070.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 2680.0-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products6 5840.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc2 5160.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1 0870.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms1 7670.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms2 1690.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.3 9510.00.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material38 2900.0-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins161-0.2-0.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.1 8880.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures2 6520.0-0.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof2 6110.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles2 9270.00.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.3 2900.0-0.2
67 Iron and steel6 2550.0-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals3 2170.0-0.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.15 2900.00.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment101 1610.51.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment11 552-0.1-2.2
72 Machinery for special industries9 767-0.1-0.1
73 Metal working machinery6460.0-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment13 2110.0-0.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines6 017-0.3-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment8 401-0.4-0.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus12 928-0.1-0.3
78 Road vehicles31 5670.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships7 0728.924.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles35 107-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings3 1760.0-0.7
82 Furniture and parts thereof5 841-0.2-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.615-0.1-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7 1070.0-0.1
85 Footwear2 151-0.1-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments6 0260.1-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods1 070-0.1-0.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s9 121-0.1-0.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions3750.0-1.2
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind1270.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender30.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)2450.0-1.9

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
April 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total331 8000.02.0
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)80 0380.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)87 4940.07.8
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)1 2283.13.1
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)3 0083.517.0
Mainland exports160 0330.0-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals36 0690.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03170.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations850.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs2860.00.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof33 6000.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations178-0.9-1.0
05 Vegetables and fruit570.0-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey220.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1480.0-0.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 0920.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products5840.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco302-0.1-0.1
11 Beverages300-0.1-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures20.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels6 487-0.2-0.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3560.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits20.00.0
23 Crude rubber160.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 4290.00.0
25 Pulp and waste paper9440.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste83-0.20.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 468-0.1-0.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 0630.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials127-8.8-8.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials195 9080.03.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products100 0490.00.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation18 5370.00.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured94 5240.07.2
342 Liquefied propane and butane6 1100.10.1
35 Electric current1 3350.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes8651.41.4
41 Animal oils and fats4113.03.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1800.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2740.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.20 4090.0-0.4
51 Organic chemicals5 5290.0-1.2
52 Inorganic chemicals2 7230.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials6620.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products2 2230.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc577-0.2-0.3
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms2 032-0.1-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4530.0-0.9
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 2110.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material29 2940.02.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins250.0-20.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.2200.0-0.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures6010.0-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof1 9350.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5700.0-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.6130.00.3
67 Iron and steel5 3200.00.0
68 Non-ferrous metals17 2470.03.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 7640.20.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment33 9210.3-1.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment3 8460.0-10.1
72 Machinery for special industries3 7280.0-0.3
73 Metal working machinery2010.0-1.1
74 General industrial machinery and equipment5 785-0.1-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 0430.00.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment1 9860.0-1.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus6 673-0.2-0.2
78 Road vehicles3 165-0.1-0.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships7 4931.52.6
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 292-0.1-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings4660.00.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof9670.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.55-0.8-0.4
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2900.00.1
85 Footwear780.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments3 8640.00.4
88 Photographic and optical goods890.0-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 483-0.3-1.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions2530.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)2520.00.0

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.