366550
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366550
statistikk
2019-05-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

17.6

NOK billion – Trade balance in April 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
April 2019March 2019 - April 2019April 2018 - April 2019April 2019April 2018 - April 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports79.5-3.2-0.4331.72.7
Crude oil20.70.9-5.780.0-5.7
Natural gas16.8-16.6-14.387.52.4
Natural gas condensates0.2-63.1-73.41.2-43.1
Ships and oil platforms2.3576.9306.42.9-12.8
Mainland exports39.5-2.76.8160.18.8
Fish8.6-3.812.333.69.0
 
Imports61.9-6.7-2.6250.87.4
Ships and oil platforms0.83 318.259.72.0-0.1
 
The trade balance17.611.68.580.9-9.6
The mainland trade balance-21.615.917.2-88.7-5.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
April 201743 92443 90243 76023-
May 201759 45958 72757 195732-
June 201767 34565 81663 9961 529-
July 201747 11145 95747 1311 155-
August 201755 35453 45655 5751 898-
September 201759 69454 60153 712984 994
October 201756 53756 25853 792279-
November 201783 88078 35574 5513055 220
December 201753 25952 85856 324401-
January 201854 70153 88257 807819-
February 201850 97850 61053 463369-
March 201864 22263 87960 173344-
April 201863 53563 06562 586471-
May 201863 25363 09160 952162-
June 201859 01359 00657 4817-
July 201854 82254 81856 2825-
August 201856 42556 41358 48413-
September 201859 31759 18658 635131-
October 201865 58265 16962 683413-
November 201865 05565 05461 6121-
December 201853 42953 33157 22198-
January 201960 36459 45163 477913-
February 201962 26861 95665 456312-
March 201966 30066 27762 40222-
April 201961 86361 11260 421752-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
April 201768 59567 94669 46332 08335 101649-
May 201768 88168 43271 12935 01834 986449-
June 201768 95567 53170 41637 23534 6271 425-
July 201762 93062 93066 48232 10835 369--
August 201768 71068 35870 97934 42335 304351-
September 201766 51965 71369 86134 70234 712806-
October 201775 29275 13571 27837 40435 672157-
November 201778 88677 79974 79237 96736 3411 087-
December 201778 13477 71074 76135 07036 675424-
January 201885 60882 98176 29536 99836 8362 627-
February 201875 88775 79777 99935 75437 41791-
March 201881 64381 59378 00437 38637 10350-
April 201879 77979 21780 70036 99236 454563-
May 201879 94278 43881 52637 54637 2371 505-
June 201879 32178 37581 47539 35237 613946-
July 201881 66381 16086 01134 25236 206502-
August 201886 92586 48889 37840 21941 193437-
September 201881 62580 16385 84836 12237 7391 461-
October 201898 22398 12993 33443 01339 84695-
November 201887 02786 91183 34542 08339 648117-
December 201879 71979 68576 74735 69238 44234-
January 201991 11691 04783 52342 53141 84668-
February 201979 00878 79681 04237 40839 080212-
March 201982 08681 74878 19840 60038 150338-
April 201979 48377 19578 40039 52340 4882 288-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
April 201724 67124 044-11 819
May 20179 4229 705-23 708
June 20171 6101 715-28 581
July 201715 81916 974-13 848
August 201713 35514 902-19 033
September 20176 82511 112-19 899
October 201718 75518 877-18 855
November 2017-4 994-557-40 388
December 201724 87524 853-17 787
January 201830 90729 099-16 884
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201930 75231 596-16 920
February 201916 74016 840-24 548
March 201915 78615 471-25 678
April 201917 61916 083-21 588

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
April 201735 86336 72419 33918 64316 09817 056426
May 201733 41435 60618 64818 30414 46616 716300
June 201730 29635 12517 06318 25312 97716 743256
July 201730 82231 73515 05914 65415 26916 726494
August 201733 93535 51118 68717 72014 77617 493472
September 201731 01134 19716 94817 55213 81417 522249
October 201737 73234 55317 56416 92519 88518 066283
November 201739 83137 71518 80319 54920 20717 724822
December 201742 64039 76022 11521 71820 35817 431167
January 201845 98340 57621 76321 08923 58018 874639
February 201840 04240 17718 61520 06120 66018 994767
March 201844 20742 62622 54822 66121 65919 428-
April 201842 22543 45521 95721 29719 58320 704686
May 201840 89243 53821 81021 43718 27721 169805
June 201839 02345 20521 37222 73517 65122 756-
July 201846 90948 14523 02422 59323 45925 532425
August 201846 26948 26023 20622 10522 06425 926999
September 201844 04148 56124 04324 80519 62924 830369
October 201855 11650 58627 77227 12726 60424 126739
November 201844 82742 38618 07918 79725 58822 5071 160
December 201843 99341 00517 14416 64726 68123 076168
January 201948 51642 67420 54319 78327 97422 159-
February 201941 38741 52718 27219 72322 60020 782515
March 201941 14839 79420 51820 40720 13618 222494
April 201937 67138 89220 70520 17516 78417 712182

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
April 2018April 2019April 2018 - April 2019So far this yearApril 2018 - April 2019
April 2018April 2019
Total63 53561 863-2.6233 437250 7957.4
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)47175259.72 0021 999-0.1
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms63 06561 112-3.1231 435248 7967.5
 
0 Food and live animals3 8464 0796.014 45416 03811.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03303725.47269-3.8
01 Meat and meat preparations145135-7.0444437-1.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs11713818.144249010.8
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof396344-13.11 7082 02118.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations46856420.61 8162 36029.9
05 Vegetables and fruit1 1941 2071.14 3694 4652.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1221241.546651310.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices28231310.81 1901 2484.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6146587.12 1102 2848.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products47755716.81 8372 15217.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco85095712.72 8733 17610.5
11 Beverages55362412.82 0142 1657.5
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures29733412.38591 01117.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 4923 97413.815 15515 4261.8
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw24112.3716145.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits17222933.47237655.9
23 Crude rubber131723.64845-7.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork42747010.01 5141 79918.9
25 Pulp and waste paper4630-35.5181144-20.5
26 Textile fibres and their waste91017.44141-1.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2843005.51 1551 2488.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 1722 57718.610 39810 252-1.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials366336-8.11 0881 1162.6
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials3 8733 514-9.314 28415 4007.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes16526661.474789419.6
33 Petroleum, petroleum products3 1612 726-13.811 80811 681-1.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 2241 969-11.56 7807 82315.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured8855-38.4476386-19.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane8552-38.9455313-31.2
35 Electric current4594671.81 2522 43994.8
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6897265.32 0492 1555.2
41 Animal oils and fats436336-23.09039424.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated23337460.41 0821 1516.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1916-17.76462-3.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 7955 8941.723 01124 1294.9
51 Organic chemicals6496632.13 0772 977-3.3
52 Inorganic chemicals4264352.11 7471 8073.4
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3213220.41 1781 2687.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 5661 6475.26 3336 5844.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc678634-6.52 6152 517-3.7
56 Fertilizers22426719.29551 08713.9
57 Plastics in primary forms449422-6.21 7291 7682.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms605578-4.52 0162 1707.7
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8789275.63 3613 95217.6
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material13 7097 944-42.142 41538 300-9.7
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5031-37.3196162-17.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4274566.81 7101 88910.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures687612-10.92 5332 6524.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof654610-6.72 5572 6122.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles733724-1.22 7082 9288.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.810777-4.03 1353 2925.0
67 Iron and steel1 9551 526-21.96 3736 256-1.8
68 Non-ferrous metals1 098784-28.63 8783 216-17.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.7 2962 423-66.819 32615 294-20.9
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment22 91626 43815.486 275100 66916.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9404 220349.14 74411 563143.7
72 Machinery for special industries2 6812 7863.99 0769 7737.7
73 Metal working machinery202144-28.85946468.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 1323 2975.310 88013 21621.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 4971 412-5.75 9246 0321.8
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment1 8671 8961.67 5758 43411.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 0693 1793.611 72112 93910.4
78 Road vehicles7 6057 500-1.427 25231 57215.9
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 5604 069-10.817 15119 28912.5
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 9232 0044.28 5106 494-23.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 2558 240-0.232 55535 1287.9
81 Prefabricated buildings752678-9.82 8553 17711.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3531 4104.25 3155 85110.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.12514415.55606169.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 6391 491-9.06 9277 1092.6
85 Footwear471444-5.72 0082 1527.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4641 6049.55 1776 02216.3
88 Photographic and optical goods2462595.21 0011 0717.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 2062 2110.28 7119 1304.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions10998-10.43673752.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind334330.711412711.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender71-85.373-62.5
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6954-22.8246245-0.4

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
April 2018April 2019April 2018 - April 2019So far this yearApril 2018 - April 2019
April 2018April 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total79 77979 483-0.4322 918331 6922.7
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)21 95720 705-5.784 88480 038-5.7
Natural gas (SITC 343)19 58316 784-14.385 48287 4942.4
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)686182-73.52 0921 191-43.1
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)5632 288306.43 3312 906-12.8
Mainland exports36 99239 5236.8147 130160 0638.8
 
0 Food and live animals8 3179 26811.432 95436 0849.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0383-59.71917-7.6
01 Meat and meat preparations21223.484851.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7464-13.42702866.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof7 6828 62512.330 85133 6139.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations323715.713417934.1
05 Vegetables and fruit1914-25.46657-14.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey87-9.1192215.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3029-3.812814816.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)28331310.89181 09219.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products162154-4.646758425.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco83919.13023020.1
11 Beverages819111.82983000.9
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures20-99.542-57.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 6121 6110.05 9056 50110.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw4741-13.126735633.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits0182.422-13.4
23 Crude rubber64-36.516160.1
24 Wood, lumber and cork362336-7.21 3081 4309.3
25 Pulp and waste paper247240-2.8991944-4.7
26 Textile fibres and their waste22222.179835.7
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales33338515.71 2521 47017.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap552547-1.11 8172 06213.5
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials4336-14.9173139-19.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials49 37645 688-7.5201 036195 864-2.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10-85.9331-98.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products27 68026 669-3.7106 355100 009-6.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 9995 72414.519 16718 534-3.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured21 48318 774-12.692 80294 5191.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 6601 6710.76 3466 105-3.8
35 Electric current21224415.11 8461 335-27.7
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes16418411.772485317.8
41 Animal oils and fats78791.13693998.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4324-42.815718014.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed448183.219827438.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 9104 730-3.719 48220 4124.8
51 Organic chemicals1 2581 239-1.65 2325 5295.7
52 Inorganic chemicals740692-6.52 9292 723-7.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials178151-15.2670661-1.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products634411-35.22 5782 223-13.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1241294.150957813.6
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms491485-1.11 9852 0332.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms21299-53.1539453-15.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2731 52519.85 0426 21123.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 0867 2462.227 33629 2897.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins65-14.92825-13.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.57617.7224220-1.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures141134-4.85796013.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4644721.71 7811 9358.7
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles143122-14.7571570-0.2
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1371476.851361419.5
67 Iron and steel1 3541 54714.34 9265 3208.0
68 Non-ferrous metals4 0714 1261.316 08917 2477.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.713632-11.42 6242 7575.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment6 0988 74943.526 90933 83525.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment48672448.92 3083 84666.6
72 Machinery for special industries958842-12.13 6633 7301.8
73 Metal working machinery414918.417420115.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 2611 244-1.34 7965 78920.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines20428941.68531 04322.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment4975367.72 2901 986-13.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9151 24936.54 4846 68549.1
78 Road vehicles65476316.72 6393 17020.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 0803 052182.55 7027 38429.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 0741 862-10.27 9838 3004.0
81 Prefabricated buildings133100-24.9520466-10.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof242194-19.8981967-1.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.111862.9335668.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories6363-0.42702907.4
85 Footwear161811.7547844.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments910876-3.83 0803 86325.4
88 Photographic and optical goods202313.0758917.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s679571-15.92 9692 491-16.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions5954-7.3287253-11.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind20-93.490-96.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-64.311-20.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)5754-4.6277252-9.2

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
April 2018April 2019April 2018April 2019
Total233 437250 7957.4322 918331 6922.7
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries48 19852 7639.543 96740 672-7.5
EFTA3 5303 365-4.72 7632 519-8.8
EU140 569154 4609.9264 187271 1542.6
OECD181 452198 1479.2290 220298 0752.7
Developing countries41 41543 8936.025 04126 8237.1
LDC - least developed countries1 3771 81932.13 136777-75.2
 
Continents and countries
Europe153 041167 0259.1271 240278 0412.5
Belgium3 4403 7188.117 54516 264-7.3
Denmark13 16516 61726.217 16314 606-14.9
Estonia1 7232 11022.5532483-9.2
Finland5 2095 84812.34 6863 043-35.1
France7 2027 6926.819 93821 5798.2
Greece29639734.134257668.4
Ireland1 7721 543-12.93 2162 461-23.5
Iceland826670-18.91 8571 483-20.1
Italy8 2827 309-11.72 8794 33650.6
Lithuania2 5632 96315.61 9821 624-18.1
Netherlands8 2649 26812.133 66734 4792.4
Poland7 51010 04133.77 6328 0024.8
Portugal9201 06215.41 6261 85514.1
Romania9101 16928.5356353-0.8
Russia5 5835 8434.773387919.9
Slovakia1 0711 1113.714017122.1
Spain4 8965 50812.54 5877 13955.6
United Kingdom11 59312 81910.676 10973 938-2.9
Switzerland2 6852 676-0.39051 03314.1
Sweden28 64229 2692.220 05721 3826.6
Czech Republic2 7452 625-4.46877204.8
Turkey2 4362 4902.22 1832 42811.2
Germany25 44226 9165.849 34255 92913.3
Hungary9139686.0285243-14.7
Austria1 8533 18772.06241 01362.3
Other countires in Europe3 1003 2063.42 1672 022-6.7
 
Asia50 52049 020-3.024 26425 8646.6
Hong Kong514292-43.26527169.8
India1 5411 71411.274986715.8
Japan4 8224 550-5.63 1823 64514.6
China21 70723 5338.46 9107 4618.0
Malaysia1 863951-49.0628625-0.5
Singapore9061 06717.81 6122 54858.1
South Korea12 4919 085-27.33 1453 047-3.1
Taiwan1 3741 63018.671782815.5
Thailand1 0581 1064.59181 01810.9
Vietnam1 5652 03329.95465999.7
Other countires in Asia2 6793 05914.25 2054 510-13.4
 
North and Central America21 56125 85019.917 13015 994-6.6
Canada6 2734 715-24.82 7742 083-24.9
United States14 01019 40338.513 51913 001-3.8
Other countries in North- and Central-America1 2781 73235.5837910-82.5
 
South America4 7724 688-1.81 7792 07416.6
Brazil3 4302 952-13.91 1391 38321.4
Chile29742242.129539032.2
Peru35254655.16321-66.7
Other countries in South-America69376810.8282280-0.7
 
Africa2 9573 30411.77 6389 08118.9
Angola114249118.427366-75.8
Botswana435118.60-.
South Africa1 0241 023-0.140646113.5
Other countires in Africa1 7761 98111.56 9598 55422.9
 
Oceania58690955.1867638-26.4
Australia50680258.5653503-23.0
New Zealand7610538.28911529.2
Other countires in Oceania42-50.012520-84.0

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
April 2018April 2019April 2018April 2019
Total231 435248 7967.5147 130160 0638.8
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries48 17052 4408.928 66030 3345.8
EFTA3 5303 359-4.82 7632 519-8.8
EU140 333154 2179.996 753103 0996.6
OECD180 020196 2489.0118 376127 3767.6
Developing countries40 68443 5837.121 42726 57024.0
LDC - least developed countries1 3771 81932.13 136777-75.2
 
Continents and countries
Europe152 390166 3669.2103 353109 9646.4
Belgium3 4403 7188.15 7065 357-6.1
Denmark13 16516 40024.69 16210 87018.6
Estonia1 7232 11022.5532483-9.2
Finland5 1815 84812.92 6722 521-5.7
France7 2027 6926.85 0985 4977.8
Greece29639734.134240618.7
Ireland1 7721 543-12.91 5191 78117.2
Iceland826664-19.61 8571 483-20.1
Italy8 2827 288-12.02 8793 1529.5
Lithuania2 5632 95815.41 3621 62419.2
Netherlands8 2279 26812.717 03115 549-8.7
Poland7 51010 04133.75 8746 3017.3
Portugal9201 06215.41 6261 540-5.3
Romania9101 16928.5356353-0.8
Russia5 5835 8434.768785824.9
Slovakia1 0711 1113.714017122.1
Spain4 8965 50812.53 4034 36128.2
United Kingdom11 46012 81911.912 11913 87314.5
Switzerland2 6852 676-0.39051 03314.1
Sweden28 64229 2692.214 76515 3023.6
Czech Republic2 7452 625-4.46877204.8
Turkey2 0212 1807.91 7762 42836.7
Germany25 40426 9166.09 80611 02412.4
Hungary9139686.0285243-14.7
Austria1 8533 18772.06241 01362.3
Other countries in Europe3 1003 1060.22 1402 021-5.6
 
Asia49 16947 680-3.021 01025 31420.5
Hong Kong26129211.96096120.5
India1 5411 71411.274986715.8
Japan4 8224 550-5.63 1823 64514.6
China21 39123 53310.05 4727 46136.3
Malaysia1 863951-49.0628625-0.5
Singapore9061 06717.81 6122 47053.2
South Korea11 7107 745-33.92 3713 04528.4
Taiwan1 3741 63018.671782815.5
Thailand1 0581 1064.57161 01842.2
Vietnam1 5652 03329.95465999.7
Other countries in Asia2 6783 05914.24 4084 144-6.0
 
North and Central America21 56125 85019.913 25313 3530.8
Canada6 2734 715-24.81 0741 37828.3
United States14 01019 40338.511 34211 065-2.4
Other countries in North and Central America1 2781 73235.58379108.7
 
South America4 7724 688-1.81 7791 8926.4
Brazil3 4302 952-13.91 1391 30914.9
Chile29742242.1295282-4.4
Peru35254655.16321-66.7
Other countries in South America69376810.8282280-0.7
 
Africa2 9573 30411.76 9778 90227.6
Angola114249118.427366-75.8
Botswana435118.60-.
South Africa1 0241 023-0.121828229.4
Other countries in Africa1 7761 98111.56 4868 55431.9
 
Oceania58690955.1758638-15.8
Australia50680258.5653503-23.0
New Zealand7610538.28911529.2
Other countries in Oceania42-50.0162025.0

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
April 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total250 79516 0383 17615 42615 4002 15524 12938 300100 66935 128375
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)154 46010 2122 8756 05110 67667317 60623 94763 70318 359357
Nordic countries52 7633 4458183 0396 9874874 6098 85018 1246 067339
Developing countries43 8933 428694 4495096751 1824 60216 39612 56715
Russia5 84376944731 7025766401 57237690
India1 714353019002584461774580
Japan4 5503036101901 0102 9523580
China23 53331204051345572 98511 6177 6364
Singapore1 067507800409872362510
South Korea9 08515022331375 4663 351890
United States19 403373751062 319402 50371311 0412 2301
Canada4 7159443 5511830116345881460
Brazil2 95281701 857250836877213
South Africa1 0232201856300102817148

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
April 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total331 69236 0843026 501195 86485320 41229 28933 8358 300253
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)271 15423 7391745 474183 03548611 48423 42318 5184 80220
Nordic countries40 6726 061971 91615 6981653 2675 8195 6711 9780
Developing countries26 8235 211166595 6591025 9761 7766 6008230
Russia879491510282234419410
India867701230033030481230
Japan3 6451 3161477745402518497840
China7 4611 582112881113 3404791 4792680
Singapore2 548226121 09911061557981590
South Korea3 0479620200141375471 0183470
United States13 0012 403681172 9251721 4351 7812 8141 2890
Canada2 0832321118558742205551270
Brazil1 3834161417413271782431010
South Africa461880017912517136140

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
April 2018April 2019April 2018 - April 2019So far this yearApril 2018 - April 2019
April 2018April 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country36 99239 5236.8147 130160 0638.8
 
County of production
Østfold1 1671 2033.15 4575 8968.0
Akershus5815921.92 0013 34867.3
Oslo639579-9.42 5222 6053.3
Hedmark4004287.01 4891 70414.4
Oppland733670-8.62 8172 619-7.0
Buskerud81393014.43 8433 9001.5
Vestfold1 7272 23929.67 7578 0113.3
Telemark1 9132 0456.97 5608 1047.2
Aust-Agder2542716.71 1401 091-4.3
Vest-Agder2 7222 8474.610 21911 54713.0
Rogaland3 4143 6456.813 41614 5038.1
Hordaland7 3467 5622.927 24925 743-5.5
Sogn og Fjordane1 043946-9.34 5034 6854.0
Møre og Romsdal2 9642 950-0.512 67215 70824.0
Trøndelag2 2702 159.8 6378 577.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 1412 87634.39 0439 97010.3
Troms - Romsa8979768.83 2933 76714.4
Finnmark - Finnmárku54576740.72 3782 81218.3
Svalbard00.320-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties9941 12613.35 0555 3676.2
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 3463 99319.312 99417 02131.0
County not stated1 0827203 0533 0851.0

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
April 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobaccoFish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuelsFuelsManufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country39 5239 3598 6251 7958 01720 353
 
County of production1
Østfold1 2038351882930
Akershus5929614210474
Oslo579574260496
Hedmark4281012020216
Oppland67071160647
Buskerud93020300897
Vestfold2 23981691 409752
Telemark2 04519062261 939
Aust-Agder27136026-209
Vest-Agder2 84716920-2 812
Rogaland3 6456455331891 5071 304
Hordaland7 5621 1471 1222214 6851 509
Sogn og Fjordane94637335130-543
Møre og Romsdal2 9501 5901 55715301 207
Trøndelag22 1591 4671 388770615
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 8761 5391 50697-1 240
Troms - Romsa9768928906-77
Finnmark - Finnmárku767591590371354
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 12660454520124476
Re-exports of goods produced abroad33 9935969533 835
County not stated720119101274570

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
March 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total188 9320.30.9
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 24733.1144.7
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms187 6850.20.5
 
0 Food and live animals11 9600.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0332-0.1-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations3010.20.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs3520.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof1 6770.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations1 7950.0-0.5
05 Vegetables and fruit3 258-0.1-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey3891.11.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices9350.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 6260.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 595-0.1-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco2 2180.00.0
11 Beverages1 5410.10.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures6780.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels11 452-0.1-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw120.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits5360.00.0
23 Crude rubber280.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 329-0.2-0.3
25 Pulp and waste paper1140.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste300.0-2.8
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales9480.0-0.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap7 674-0.1-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials7800.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials11 8865.112.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes6280.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products8 9546.816.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation5 8540.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured3310.06.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane2610.00.0
35 Electric current1 9720.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 4290.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats6060.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated7770.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed46-0.1-0.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.18 2340.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals2 314-0.2-0.2
52 Inorganic chemicals1 3720.0-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials946-0.1-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products4 9360.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 8830.00.0
56 Fertilizers8200.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms1 3460.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 592-0.1-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.3 0240.00.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material30 3560.0-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins1310.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.1 4330.10.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures2 040-0.1-0.5
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof2 0020.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles2 2040.10.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.2 514-0.2-0.2
67 Iron and steel4 730-0.2-0.4
68 Non-ferrous metals2 4330.0-0.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.12 8700.00.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment74 2310.20.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 343-3.3-3.2
72 Machinery for special industries6 9860.0-0.1
73 Metal working machinery502-0.3-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment9 9190.2-0.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines4 620-0.1-0.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment6 5380.00.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9 7600.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles24 0720.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships4 4899.121.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles26 888-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings2 498-0.4-0.9
82 Furniture and parts thereof4 442-0.1-0.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.472-0.3-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories5 6180.0-0.1
85 Footwear1 7090.00.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments4 418-0.2-0.5
88 Photographic and optical goods8120.00.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 9190.0-0.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions277-1.6-1.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind840.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)191-2.4-2.4

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
March 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total252 2092.62.6
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)59 3330.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)70 7109.99.9
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)1 0090.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)61841.6119.6
Mainland exports120 539-0.1-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals26 8160.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03140.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations630.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs2220.20.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof24 9880.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations1420.0-0.2
05 Vegetables and fruit43-0.1-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey150.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices120-0.3-0.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)779-0.1-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products4300.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco2110.00.0
11 Beverages2090.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures20.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 8900.0-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3150.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10.00.0
23 Crude rubber120.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 0940.00.0
25 Pulp and waste paper704-0.1-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste610.00.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 0850.0-0.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 5160.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1030.0-0.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials150 1764.44.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products73 3400.00.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation12 8100.00.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured75 7459.29.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane4 4340.00.0
35 Electric current1 0900.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6690.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats3210.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1550.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed193-0.10.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.15 682-0.2-0.5
51 Organic chemicals4 290-0.7-1.6
52 Inorganic chemicals2 0320.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials5100.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 8110.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc4490.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms1 5480.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms354-1.1-1.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.4 6870.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material22 0432.92.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins20-0.2-24.7
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.159-1.0-1.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures4660.0-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof1 4630.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles448-0.1-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.4670.50.4
67 Iron and steel3 7740.0-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals13 1214.94.9
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 1260.0-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment25 086-2.0-1.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment3 122-11.9-12.2
72 Machinery for special industries2 8880.0-0.3
73 Metal working machinery1520.0-1.4
74 General industrial machinery and equipment4 544-0.1-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines7540.10.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment1 450-0.6-2.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus5 436-0.1-0.1
78 Road vehicles2 406-0.1-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships4 332-1.61.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles6 4380.2-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings3670.00.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof7730.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.370.00.5
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2280.00.1
85 Footwear610.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments2 9870.00.5
88 Photographic and optical goods660.0-0.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s1 9190.6-2.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions1980.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1980.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.