366651
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366651
statistikk
2021-01-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

The figures in table 08804 are not correct for the EU country group. This will be corrected as soon as possible.

Updated

Next update

Key figures

12.1

NOK billion – trade surplus of goods in December 2020

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
December 2020November 2020 - December 2020December 2019 - December 2020December 2020December 2019 - December 2020
1Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports76.06.6-11.0773.2-15.5
Crude oil21.07.9-30.4209.1-17.0
Natural gas15.53.2-0.4113.5-35.7
Natural gas condensates0.1769.5112.13.5-38.4
Ships and oil platforms0.0.-99.64.7-37.0
Mainland exports39.47.01.2442.3-6.5
Fish8.7-4.4-6.0102.0-2.0
 
Imports63.9-10.13.8762.80.6
Ships and oil platforms0.0-98.8-98.88.512.2
 
The trade balance12.16 142.8-49.210.4-93.4
The mainland trade balance-24.525.7-14.9-312.0-12.5

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2019December 2020December 2019December 2020
1Figures for EU does not include Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total757 902762 7520.6914 652773 154-15.5
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries151 564142 749-5.8130 872126 591-3.3
EFTA10 04410 2391.98 8387 883-10.8
EU1459 337419 122-8.8721 431434 687-39.7
OECD472 102473 1440.2734 344587 026-20.1
Developing countries149 594164 1399.788 837113 11427.3
LDC - least developed countries6 7676 092-10.02 3472 71715.8
 
Continents and countries
Europe498 847500 1730.3743 875612 619-17.6
Belgium11 90312 3834.038 34329 203-23.8
Denmark42 58741 339-2.940 99632 507-20.7
Estonia5 9765 382-9.91 6521 644-0.5
Finland17 08017 1150.212 92212 394-4.1
France24 97423 909-4.353 17538 929-26.8
Greece924866-6.31 8222 23022.4
Ireland4 4824 8838.96 5355 386-17.6
Iceland1 9632 0343.65 8534 452-23.9
Italy23 63622 978-2.812 52511 836-5.5
Lithuania9 37510 52012.25 9186 4979.8
Netherlands28 51226 078-8.5101 54076 506-24.7
Poland29 10328 396-2.421 16621 2060.2
Portugal3 0283 0450.66 2295 101-18.1
Romania4 3374 3801.09261 15024.2
Russia17 56713 656-22.33 0713 0910.7
Slovakia3 6683 639-0.8569509-10.5
Spain15 62918 46418.120 72414 185-31.6
United Kingdom37 62041 51310.3184 192134 754-26.8
Switzerland8 0188 1371.52 9823 42815.0
Sweden88 95881 552-8.370 23676 4138.8
Czech Republic8 3038 9988.42 0712 0720.0
Turkey8 6828 452-2.67 30412 92677.0
Germany81 76087 5067.0132 38190 110-31.9
Hungary3 2794 50737.5747722-3.3
Austria7 1385 935-16.92 8522 513-11.9
Other countires in Europe10 34514 50640.27 14422 855219.9
 
Asia142 312158 18211.293 662112 31119.9
Hong Kong1 027979-4.72 2731 518-33.2
India5 6015 387-3.83 5863 7444.4
Japan14 27715 0965.710 6768 521-20.2
China76 99192 03419.537 81360 02358.7
Malaysia3 0453 1001.81 9691 833-6.9
Singapore3 2124 32334.66 0085 353-10.9
South Korea14 56510 004-31.310 22613 40531.1
Taiwan4 8665 1095.01 8562 10013.1
Thailand3 4663 5522.53 3172 774-16.4
Vietnam6 3648 14928.01 9211 897-1.2
Other countires in Asia8 89810 44917.414 01711 143-20.5
 
North and Central America81 11875 192-7.351 67240 810-21.0
Canada16 05619 05218.77 6796 320-17.7
United States59 86751 641-13.739 39831 048-21.2
Other countries in North- and Central-America5 1954 499-13.44 5953 442-55.4
 
South America19 45418 314-5.96 8286 551-4.1
Brazil13 40312 301-8.24 8564 304-11.4
Chile1 4221 4804.11 0111 30228.8
Peru2 0611 878-8.98812946.6
Other countries in South-America2 5682 6553.4873816-6.5
 
Africa13 49112 446-7.716 31214 219-12.8
Angola2 1701 081-50.28051 41475.7
Botswana135119-11.9110.0
South Africa2 8852 312-19.91 642934-43.1
Other countires in Africa8 3018 9347.613 86411 870-14.4
 
Oceania2 6812 251-16.02 3022 4586.8
Australia2 2321 579-29.31 6802 10525.3
New Zealand4454838.5498282-43.4
Other countires in Oceania41894 625.012471-42.7

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2019December 2020December 2019December 2020
1Figures for EU is without Great Britan from February 2020 on.
Total750 361754 2910.5472 926442 289-6.5
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries150 680142 700-5.390 26585 217-5.6
EFTA10 01110 2192.18 2527 883-4.5
EU1458 295418 376-8.7306 058254 401-16.9
OECD468 754470 8560.4318 440304 216-4.5
Developing countries145 961161 26310.571 65368 347-4.6
LDC - least developed countries6 7676 092-10.02 3252 68815.6
 
Continents and countries
Europe495 394497 8850.5327 793318 442-2.9
Belgium11 90312 3834.015 55913 401-13.9
Denmark41 86441 326-1.331 86628 319-11.1
Estonia5 9765 382-9.91 6521 644-0.5
Finland17 07917 0980.17 4108 0488.6
France24 97423 899-4.315 91814 472-9.1
Greece924866-6.31 2521 76140.7
Ireland4 4824 8408.05 1724 602-11.0
Iceland1 9302 0144.45 2674 452-15.5
Italy23 61622 978-2.79 3338 537-8.5
Lithuania9 36910 49612.04 9385 44210.2
Netherlands28 51225 834-9.448 14246 682-3.0
Poland28 86128 001-3.018 82019 9085.8
Portugal3 0283 0450.65 0824 882-3.9
Romania4 3374 3801.09261 15024.2
Russia17 56713 656-22.32 9873 0251.3
Slovakia3 6683 639-0.8569509-10.5
Spain15 62918 46418.113 10711 482-12.4
United Kingdom37 61541 42610.139 91838 610-3.3
Switzerland8 0188 1371.52 9823 42815.0
Sweden88 93681 552-8.344 94143 577-3.0
Czech Republic8 3038 9988.42 0712 0720.0
Turkey6 4087 0169.56 2955 777-8.2
Germany81 73887 5067.132 93431 872-3.2
Hungary3 2794 50737.5747722-3.3
Austria7 1385 935-16.92 8522 513-11.9
Other countries in Europe10 24014 50741.77 05311 55563.8
 
Asia138 648152 2319.877 95470 513-9.5
Hong Kong1 027979-4.71 8981 443-24.0
India5 6015 387-3.82 7853 32019.2
Japan14 27714 8584.110 6768 521-20.2
China76 05791 81620.724 98523 367-6.5
Malaysia3 0453 1001.81 9691 833-6.9
Singapore2 8173 0608.65 6865 227-8.1
South Korea12 2316 772-44.69 3539 8685.5
Taiwan4 8665 1095.01 8562 10013.1
Thailand3 4663 5522.53 3172 774-16.4
Vietnam6 3647 14812.31 9211 897-1.2
Other countries in Asia8 89710 45017.513 50810 163-24.8
 
North and Central America80 69475 156-6.943 53535 615-18.2
Canada16 05619 05218.75 8773 810-35.2
United States59 86751 641-13.734 87128 967-16.9
Other countries in North and Central America4 7714 463-6.52 7872 8381.8
 
South America19 45418 314-5.96 0076 2874.7
Brazil13 40312 301-8.24 1434 3043.9
Chile1 4221 4804.19031 03815.0
Peru2 0611 878-8.98812946.6
Other countries in South America2 5682 6553.4873816-6.5
 
Africa13 49112 446-7.715 38114 031-8.8
Angola2 1701 081-50.27831 40379.2
Botswana135119-11.9110.0
South Africa2 8852 312-19.9797775-2.8
Other countries in Africa8 3018 9347.613 80011 852-14.1
 
Oceania2 6812 066-22.92 2572 148-4.8
Australia2 2321 579-29.31 6801 8057.4
New Zealand4454838.5498282-43.4
Other countries in Oceania440.07961-22.8

Table 3 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 330707 163.3 168-
2019757 902750 361.7 541-
2020762 752754 291.7 775686
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201853 31753 16956 487149-
January 201960 63959 72662 358913-
February 201962 23161 91966 848312-
March 201966 84266 25660 956586-
April 201962 23161 44162 499790-
May 201967 16767 00163 446167-
June 201960 01259 97659 37136-
July 201959 86059 32762 251533-
August 201959 90459 12662 194778-
September 201967 46567 11165 010354-
October 201966 89765 71362 8141 184-
November 201963 05462 50259 726553-
December 201961 60060 26464 4331 337-
January 202061 30860 56262 7427460
February 202058 40256 36458 9052 0380
March 202069 07868 88962 8961890
April 202055 39055 34356 375480
May 202057 73957 40754 2553310
June 202066 58466 12165 5794640
July 202060 46960 10863 5773610
August 202062 01659 28762 6492 043686
September 202068 88868 88866 53400
October 202067 81167 61764 3651940
November 202071 13969 79366 6321 3460
December 202063 92863 91268 409160

Table 4 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
20181 000 272991 771.458 226.8 501-
2019914 652907 117.472 926.7 536-
2020773 154768 410.442 289.4 7440
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201879 69679 66275 74535 66937 63834-
January 201986 77286 70478 72542 56541 17268-
February 201976 46276 25077 49037 45538 637212-
March 201985 33484 94179 57640 54937 593394-
April 201977 34475 01078 22139 54940 5402 334-
May 201976 02275 93680 00941 71541 66186-
June 201966 07965 12072 70236 98537 837959-
July 201966 77966 55370 38436 42439 070226-
August 201965 55665 52969 57037 14539 11727-
September 201966 19864 23170 51537 65439 0921 967-
October 201976 57476 39469 60442 09838 488180-
November 201986 10185 70679 65741 83939 963395-
December 201985 43184 74277 79338 94839 283689-
January 202076 25476 17569 17540 76239 144790
February 202073 70373 68072 82437 73938 365230
March 202067 35465 21560 31840 97837 3412 1390
April 202050 91250 59453 67034 90936 0083180
May 202050 92950 52255 07632 62234 5424070
June 202056 67156 37161 09235 97134 9033000
July 202061 33660 27764 40832 76235 1671 0590
August 202058 77458 36463 59333 00436 6924100
September 202059 32059 31862 87037 76936 94420
October 202070 52970 52565 33539 50837 05040
November 202071 33471 33466 77336 83636 02500
December 202076 03976 03668 04939 42938 12930

Table 5 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018289 941284 608-248 936
2019156 750156 755-277 435
202010 40214 119-312 002
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201826 37826 493-17 500
January 201926 13426 978-17 160
February 201914 23114 331-24 464
March 201918 49318 685-25 706
April 201915 11213 569-21 893
May 20198 8558 936-25 285
June 20196 0675 144-22 991
July 20196 9207 226-22 904
August 20195 6526 403-21 981
September 2019-1 267-2 880-29 458
October 20199 67710 681-23 615
November 201923 04623 204-20 663
December 201923 83124 479-21 315
January 202014 94615 613-19 800
February 202015 30117 316-18 626
March 2020-1 725-3 674-27 911
April 2020-4 478-4 749-20 434
May 2020-6 810-6 885-24 786
June 2020-9 914-9 750-30 150
July 2020867170-27 346
August 2020-3 242-923-26 284
September 2020-9 568-9 570-31 119
October 20202 7182 908-28 109
November 20201941 541-32 957
December 202012 11112 124-24 483

Table 6 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 545.261 334.265 435.6 776
2019434 190.251 912.176 534.5 744
2020326 122.209 115.113 471.3 536
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201843 99338 88017 14414 69726 68121 727168
January 201944 13838 37120 90719 33023 23219 340-
February 201938 79438 80317 87319 35320 40618 913515
March 201944 39143 09321 49921 22922 21619 004676
April 201935 46137 08321 11520 89014 12715 840219
May 201934 22137 37419 74620 95513 83416 799641
June 201928 13533 87014 07215 59313 34318 159720
July 201930 13032 37418 73819 76410 55811 822834
August 201928 38529 89518 97118 8699 08210 918332
September 201926 57730 71119 70720 8796 2297 952641
October 201934 29630 66120 28119 90113 61612 227399
November 201943 86739 16428 81627 95414 33311 424717
December 201945 79439 90530 18725 24815 55812 47649
January 202035 41330 70823 14121 27111 4439 535829
February 202035 94136 04024 77127 02010 4669 730704
March 202024 23723 58412 52812 26911 4159 774294
April 202015 68416 5409 5539 5315 8156 607317
May 202017 90019 70912 30613 2985 5266 79168
June 202020 40024 65114 78016 4395 6207 7140
July 202027 51529 60219 59720 7967 6418 539277
August 202025 36026 71617 62217 7047 3488 805390
September 202021 54924 94414 08314 7707 2629 267205
October 202031 01727 58020 25919 77810 4219 368337
November 202034 49830 64219 46818 79315 01811 88012
December 202036 60731 73121 00717 38215 49712 294103

Table 7 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
December 2019December 2020December 2019 - December 2020So far this yearDecember 2019 - December 2020
December 2019December 2020
Total61 60063 9283.8757 902762 7520.6
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 33716-98.87 5418 46112.2
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms60 26463 9126.1750 361754 2910.5
 
0 Food and live animals3 9284 41612.448 66054 55112.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032817-38.02092247.0
01 Meat and meat preparations12416432.71 3831 83332.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs11213217.71 4411 81025.6
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof382288-24.55 3305 239-1.7
04 Cereals and cereal preparations46159328.76 5926 9675.7
05 Vegetables and fruit1 0771 18810.312 60714 22512.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey12014823.01 5461 85019.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices31539726.04 0084 89722.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)67685226.07 78910 02528.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products6326360.67 7547 480-3.5
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9181 15025.210 82613 89428.3
11 Beverages56177237.57 1768 85423.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3573785.83 6505 04138.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 9404 2116.946 77648 5203.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw32-27.74337-16.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits14918121.21 9492 0917.3
23 Crude rubber5731.0178154-13.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork32137015.25 3195 4201.9
25 Pulp and waste paper293312.3427406-5.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste71276.913215114.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales26433627.23 6253 8055.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 8952 9662.531 97032 8682.8
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials26630414.43 1323 58714.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials5 3872 341-56.651 64234 442-33.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1841924.22 4202 239-7.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products4 4501 934-56.543 34230 668-29.2
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 1811 301-40.424 33018 429-24.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured7313788.6999897-10.2
342 Liquefied propane and butane7012578.5857740-13.7
35 Electric current68179-88.54 880637-86.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes67694339.58 38410 33623.3
41 Animal oils and fats23038667.83 7724 51219.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated43353724.14 3695 55027.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed132050.724427412.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 8056 68815.273 49978 3736.6
51 Organic chemicals748696-7.08 5147 802-8.4
52 Inorganic chemicals41747112.95 1925 6328.5
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials23927515.33 8844 2128.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 8122 02411.719 98022 64613.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc66279920.77 7939 43521.1
56 Fertilizers299262-12.53 2513 180-2.2
57 Plastics in primary forms31635311.75 0274 979-0.9
58 Plastics in non-primary forms40448720.46 5237 0498.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9081 32145.513 33413 4390.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 2447 8548.4106 501107 0600.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins3264103.047458824.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.33737912.36 0486 2473.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures47954714.27 8248 2625.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5796329.27 8588 2805.4
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles56877937.08 64810 37820.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.67276614.010 18010 2480.7
67 Iron and steel1 7751 456-18.019 22419 7902.9
68 Non-ferrous metals55987356.09 0968 542-6.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 2422 3595.237 14934 725-6.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment24 97526 5316.2301 729301 6100.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 323772-41.721 51618 068-16.0
72 Machinery for special industries2 1792 2081.329 73529 9000.6
73 Metal working machinery287212-26.32 2101 999-9.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment4 0053 044-24.040 45939 576-2.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 6612 18031.319 21619 8303.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment3 1133 3848.729 39230 7884.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 5013 8489.941 85045 1377.9
78 Road vehicles6 8479 93545.188 61285 984-3.0
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 2537 07066.251 71653 2733.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 058948-54.028 73930 3275.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 5969 66812.5108 523112 5403.7
81 Prefabricated buildings820777-5.210 1149 785-3.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2331 41214.516 76317 3323.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.17119011.12 0021 925-3.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 6711 92114.922 17223 2064.7
85 Footwear362357-1.46 0705 576-8.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 5451 6466.518 45418 192-1.4
88 Photographic and optical goods27634224.13 3123 3701.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 5183 02320.029 63533 15211.9
 
9 Other commodities and transactions130127-2.51 3621 4274.7
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4411-75.9495196-60.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender2384.51440184.5
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)8511333.88541 19139.5

Table 8 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
December 2019December 2020December 2019 - December 2020So far this yearDecember 2019 - December 2020
December 2019December 2020
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total85 43176 039-11.0914 652773 154-15.5
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)30 18721 007-30.4251 912209 115-17.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)15 55815 497-0.4176 534113 471-35.7
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)49103110.25 7443 536-38.4
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)6893-99.67 5364 744-37.0
Mainland exports38 94839 4291.2472 926442 289-6.5
 
0 Food and live animals9 8709 489-3.9112 016110 527-1.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0338170.3577530.5
01 Meat and meat preparations2417-29.92872911.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs4241-4.5758664-12.4
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof9 2808 725-6.0104 042101 952-2.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations344840.15015101.7
05 Vegetables and fruit132489.919421510.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey63-48.76244-29.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2923-19.0474416-12.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)27739843.53 7534 1119.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products16220325.81 8872 24919.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco748818.91 0921 049-4.0
11 Beverages718620.31 0801 030-4.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures32-17.3121848.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 4721 5444.918 86219 9265.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw8053-33.0607402-33.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits2217.781257.6
23 Crude rubber44-6.44238-11.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork2903075.73 9624 1274.2
25 Pulp and waste paper22124611.52 7892 8913.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste151610.3274233-14.9
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3173479.74 2794 3892.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5205465.06 4777 44314.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2523-8.9424392-7.6
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials52 91342 797-19.1512 181379 607-25.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes20-98.9913-96.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products35 79125 033-30.1312 796248 067-20.7
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation5 5203 877-29.854 46535 056-35.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured16 88517 1111.3194 666128 646-33.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 2121 49523.315 95014 119-11.5
35 Electric current235653178.04 6292 891-37.5
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes278278-0.12 7043 39525.6
41 Animal oils and fats1391410.91 4231 95737.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated5959-0.447161931.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed8078-1.78108191.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 8535 0343.760 78360 330-0.7
51 Organic chemicals1 5981 531-4.218 60516 768-9.9
52 Inorganic chemicals7898295.08 3178 5412.7
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials12314820.21 9062 16113.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5105385.66 8027 2897.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc12719855.91 7301 97013.9
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms40951927.15 7825 8861.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms689945.71 3631 4647.4
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2301 171-4.716 27716 251-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 3377 37416.487 20486 844-0.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins51084.4759728.9
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.56594.47357623.8
63 Cork and wood manufactures11114126.81 6961 98016.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof41046212.65 5945 048-9.8
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles12315626.31 7091 90611.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.10512519.71 7771 745-1.8
67 Iron and steel1 2101 2815.815 02713 424-10.7
68 Non-ferrous metals3 6724 49622.451 98653 4562.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.6456450.18 6048 425-2.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 5127 188-4.393 14282 895-11.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 400682-51.310 1837 319-28.1
72 Machinery for special industries1 010931-7.812 11111 883-1.9
73 Metal working machinery6637-44.0671505-24.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 4851 5554.717 67617 358-1.8
75 Office machines, data processing machines32638919.33 2263 72815.5
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5685944.56 5846 9836.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9351 45055.016 83115 001-10.9
78 Road vehicles59377931.48 8068 8760.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 128771-31.717 05211 242-34.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 0452 1123.325 63727 0465.5
81 Prefabricated buildings9110817.51 4301 5307.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof22331038.92 8393 15911.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.91239.4145121-17.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories6964-6.9937799-14.7
85 Footwear101110.4205146-29.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 065987-7.312 77311 922-6.7
88 Photographic and optical goods2221-5.6267254-5.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s5555997.97 0429 11629.5
 
9 Other commodities and transactions7613578.21 0311 53648.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind01223.71242.2
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-49.631-59.6
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7513479.01 0271 53349.3

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
December 2020
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2002 on.
Total762 75254 55113 89448 52034 44210 33678 373107 060301 610112 5401 427
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)1422 92932 51912 30617 54617 8563 83051 99070 731161 28353 4741 394
Nordic countries142 74911 6623 7479 20311 8922 22215 68727 88040 34718 8231 286
Developing countries164 13912 22024011 5306 4782 6394 77916 30968 32041 61411
Russia13 6561 123241 2263 3962 2481 7933 4941791712
India5 387806263221 1211 4825471 3610
Japan15 0961081333405854 9038 3971 0530
China92 0341 12712602102 03310 26852 22826 1041
Singapore4 3232812012392703 3064760
South Korea10 004421331135214237 8891 0810
United States51 6411 1502923504 0547729 0362 41326 5027 0685
Canada19 0522551716 19110555061941 3334891
Brazil12 3013 80416 93173301392803436010
South Africa2 3125195787303222147647140

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
December 2020
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total773 154110 5271 04919 926379 6073 39560 33086 84482 89527 0461 536
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)1450 50166 43854015 184221 8771 90729 64860 54341 73712 419208
Nordic countries126 59117 9803685 07955 1421 0789 75416 16815 0715 91637
Developing countries113 11414 548362 36854 12641117 0507 52113 6153 4400
Russia3 091868191472655641 1211692
India3 74425047989509421 0722221080
Japan8 5214 816210039521 1737491 0662180
China60 0234 003211 07237 323269 2212 6174 7409990
Singapore5 3535471131 22532572632 5275190
South Korea13 4053 32821043 824445212 3462 4218160
United States31 0487 2873064842 5956394 4543 4988 0173 7680
Canada6 3208351083 227363036341 0102570
Brazil4 304687248159278361 3914060
South Africa934218010218314567237360

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2019December 2020December 2019 - December 2020So far this yearDecember 2019 - December 2020
December 2019December 2020
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country38 94839 4291.2472 926442 289-6.5
 
County of production
Viken.2 990..33 954.
Østfold (-2019)1 0790-100.016 8710-100.0
Akershus (-2019)5190-100.08 6840-100.0
Buskerud (-2019)1 5720-100.012 4200-100.0
Oslo7947980.57 9339 33117.6
Innlandet.870..11 241.
Hedmark (-2019)3140-100.04 8120-100.0
Oppland (-2019)4920-100.07 2220-100.0
Vestfold og Telemark.3 020..38 705.
Vestfold (-2019)2 4940-100.023 1320-100.0
Telemark (-2019)1 6750-100.022 4690-100.0
Agder.3 488..41 200.
Aust-Agder (-2019)2440-100.03 3040-100.0
Vest-Agder (-2019)3 0440-100.036 9670-100.0
Rogaland3 6133 533-2.242 35638 479-9.2
Vestland.7 953..73 607.
Hordaland (-2019)6 6780-100.075 0980-100.0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1 2220-100.014 2760-100.0
Møre og Romsdal3 1763 4017.145 16142 655-5.5
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 1072 3019.226 46228 1686.4
Nordland2 4892 80112.531 01629 932-3.5
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku.1 458..17 677.
Troms - Romsa (-2019)1 0140-100.011 3820-100.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)7190-100.08 0860-100.0
Svalbard00.831-98.8
Jan Mayen-0.-0.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 1441 54735.215 55914 397-7.5
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 9014 1105.450 46249 686-1.5
County not stated6581 16076.39 17113 25544.5

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
December 2020
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country39 4299 5778 7251 8226 19021 840
 
County of production1
Viken2 9902081129722 483
Oslo798311310736
Innlandet8701691041750
Vestfold og Telemark3 0202721096992 185
Agder3 4881074803 430
Rogaland3 5336885881601 2901 395
Vestland7 9531 9411 8541853 3902 436
Møre og Romsdal3 4011 7291 569137831 452
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 3011 4751 4571070718
Nordland2 8011 5001 41619401 107
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 4581 3151 30946096
Svalbard000000
Jan Mayen000000
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 54750446431965569
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 110651044713 930
County not stated1 16067283901 055

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2019. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.