366559
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366559
statistikk
2019-10-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

1.2

billion NOK – Trade deficit in September 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
September 2019August 2019 - September 2019September 2018 - September 2019September 2019September 2018 - September 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports65.70.1-19.5672.4-8.2
Crude oil19.58.1-18.8169.9-14.4
Natural gas6.2-38.4-68.4142.2-23.8
Natural gas condensates0.693.273.54.6-2.4
Ships and oil platforms1.63 979.58.95.9-27.8
Mainland exports37.81.64.6349.94.6
Fish8.42.612.373.97.4
 
Imports66.910.912.9566.27.6
Ships and oil platforms0.1-87.9-28.24.281.3
 
The trade balance-1.2-123.2-105.5106.3-48.5
The mainland trade balance-29.1-29.7-26.1-212.0-12.0

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201759 69454 60153 503984 994
October 201756 53756 25853 873279-
November 201783 88078 35574 6903055 220
December 201753 25952 85856 353401-
January 201854 70153 88257 735819-
February 201850 97850 61053 184369-
March 201864 22263 87959 990344-
April 201863 53563 06562 228471-
May 201863 25363 09159 694162-
June 201859 01359 00658 8677-
July 201854 82254 81856 9145-
August 201856 42556 41358 84213-
September 201859 31759 18658 288131-
October 201865 58265 16962 781413-
November 201865 05565 05461 7411-
December 201853 42953 33157 25998-
January 201960 38159 46863 431913-
February 201962 23961 92765 084312-
March 201966 85066 26362 217586-
April 201962 24561 45560 394790-
May 201967 19467 02862 664167-
June 201960 05260 01860 36834-
July 201959 92359 39161 802533-
August 201960 35559 57762 166778-
September 201966 94366 84966 16194-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201766 51965 71370 11334 70234 872806-
October 201775 29275 13569 89837 40435 669157-
November 201778 88677 79974 50437 96736 3291 087-
December 201778 13477 71075 79035 07036 600424-
January 201885 60882 98175 92336 99836 7242 627-
February 201875 88775 79777 36135 75437 27991-
March 201881 64381 59380 34737 38637 08250-
April 201879 77979 21778 32136 99236 202563-
May 201879 94278 43880 73437 54637 0681 505-
June 201879 32178 37583 39639 35237 634946-
July 201881 66381 16086 70434 25236 863502-
August 201886 92586 48889 38640 21941 130437-
September 201881 62580 16387 71236 12238 0511 461-
October 201898 22398 12989 36143 01339 78195-
November 201887 02786 91182 87042 08339 557117-
December 201879 71979 68578 48935 69238 39234-
January 201991 09391 02583 23042 50841 72268-
February 201979 05478 84280 24037 45438 946212-
March 201982 30981 91577 07740 58537 997394-
April 201979 51877 18478 52339 47040 2152 334-
May 201977 49377 40879 94841 75641 04786-
June 201965 55064 59170 81836 96637 062959-
July 201966 06465 83769 15336 27038 180226-
August 201965 63465 59569 02337 15439 05839-
September 201965 71664 12569 31237 76639 1211 591-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 20176 82511 112-19 899
October 201718 75518 877-18 855
November 2017-4 994-557-40 388
December 201724 87524 853-17 787
January 201830 90729 099-16 884
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201930 71231 557-16 960
February 201916 81516 915-24 473
March 201915 45915 652-25 679
April 201917 27315 729-21 985
May 201910 29910 380-25 272
June 20195 4994 574-23 052
July 20196 1406 447-23 121
August 20195 2796 018-22 423
September 2019-1 227-2 724-29 083

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201731 01134 46616 94817 20713 81417 674249
October 201737 73234 01217 56416 92719 88518 045283
November 201739 83137 99718 80319 63220 20717 678822
December 201742 64040 05522 11522 23720 35817 381167
January 201845 98340 20421 76320 85023 58018 917639
February 201840 04239 94618 61519 94020 66018 979767
March 201844 20742 22922 54822 57821 65919 401-
April 201842 22542 61221 95721 04419 58320 550686
May 201840 89242 94921 81021 06618 27720 902805
June 201839 02346 19621 37222 83917 65122 792-
July 201846 90949 74623 02423 40823 45926 124425
August 201846 26948 61923 20622 35222 06425 742999
September 201844 04148 97124 04324 08519 62925 095369
October 201855 11649 65427 77227 16226 60424 115739
November 201844 82742 74718 07918 86125 58822 4541 160
December 201843 99341 39317 14417 08726 68123 013168
January 201948 51642 15620 54319 45427 97422 202-
February 201941 38741 23618 27219 58122 60020 781515
March 201941 33139 61820 51820 49420 13618 208676
April 201937 71437 99320 70519 87816 79017 588219
May 201935 65237 42020 27219 65614 73916 818641
June 201927 62632 87813 97714 93012 92816 707720
July 201929 56731 41417 99918 46210 73511 963834
August 201928 44129 81418 04917 42010 06111 670332
September 201926 35929 33019 51819 3516 2017 921641

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
September 2018September 2019September 2018 - September 2019So far this yearSeptember 2018 - September 2019
September 2018September 2019
Total59 31766 94312.9526 269566 1807.6
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)13194-28.22 3204 20681.3
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms59 18666 84912.9523 949561 9757.3
 
0 Food and live animals3 7794 19811.133 42436 0727.9
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03111642.31431473.5
01 Meat and meat preparations1031117.61 0521 0822.8
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1161192.51 0751 0891.3
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof34539514.63 3223 76413.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5375400.54 2115 08720.8
05 Vegetables and fruit8328998.09 5009 422-0.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey13515111.71 0771 1193.9
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices34238713.22 6612 8858.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)65875514.75 5575 7774.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products70082618.04 8285 69918.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco76891318.97 2517 7627.0
11 Beverages48259623.54 8995 2146.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures28531711.02 3532 5488.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 1993 57811.834 72534 9960.8
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw14175.51233171.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits163155-4.51 5611 360-12.9
23 Crude rubber152030.812715521.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork448442-1.43 6354 11113.1
25 Pulp and waste paper39416.2388338-13.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste111323.99191-0.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2893024.42 5802 7677.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 9662 36820.523 94823 767-0.8
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials268233-13.12 3822 376-0.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials4 3073 730-13.434 80437 2036.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes151145-4.11 7511 8797.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products3 8023 442-9.529 57131 1345.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 6202 01924.615 18418 00318.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured14777-47.81 011771-23.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane14374-48.2968659-31.9
35 Electric current20766-68.12 4713 42038.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes69689128.05 1275 77612.7
41 Animal oils and fats24041673.62 1782 60119.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4284464.02 7662 9918.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed28305.11821840.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 8316 45310.753 43355 1533.2
51 Organic chemicals60177428.87 1706 457-9.9
52 Inorganic chemicals500423-15.54 1143 891-5.4
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3323567.12 8972 9562.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 4771 64811.614 32214 4731.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc674654-3.16 0005 693-5.1
56 Fertilizers23827114.02 2552 60415.5
57 Plastics in primary forms4414471.63 8113 8100.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5275636.94 7644 9694.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 0401 31626.58 10010 29927.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 2408 9799.083 00380 902-2.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4639-15.8389348-10.7
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.56069524.14 2934 6588.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures7287381.45 7805 8461.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof6987010.55 7345 8151.4
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6897519.16 2516 6326.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9029111.17 3847 5602.4
67 Iron and steel1 2031 52626.812 58214 07011.8
68 Non-ferrous metals862757-12.19 1076 885-24.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 5542 86012.031 48229 089-7.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment23 10327 94821.0198 717227 41814.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9741 10613.511 31417 95258.7
72 Machinery for special industries1 9242 76443.720 10022 77413.3
73 Metal working machinery12022084.01 2261 52624.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 7363 20617.225 79329 88215.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 5051 384-8.013 63914 0322.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 3262 4515.418 43520 2459.8
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 0984 04330.527 25330 22810.9
78 Road vehicles6 6377 68615.859 34468 66415.7
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 4654 92710.336 71639 4077.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships3 7845 08834.521 61322 1162.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles9 30210 1208.874 90779 9186.7
81 Prefabricated buildings9379612.56 9217 3045.5
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2531 43614.611 67112 5567.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1541699.61 3671 4898.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2 1352 39112.015 95016 5633.8
85 Footwear5696046.14 5714 8165.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4211 5056.012 02113 60513.2
88 Photographic and optical goods2652857.32 3452 4424.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 5682 7697.820 06121 1445.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions9213446.287898011.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind36386.93413605.7
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender0020.21410-30.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)559572.052461116.6

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
September 2018September 2019September 2018 - September 2019So far this yearSeptember 2018 - September 2019
September 2018September 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total81 62565 716-19.5732 394672 430-8.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)24 04319 518-18.8198 339169 852-14.4
Natural gas (SITC 343)19 6296 201-68.4186 561142 164-23.8
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)36964173.74 6904 578-2.4
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 4611 5918.98 1825 908-27.8
Mainland exports36 12237 7664.6334 621349 9284.6
 
0 Food and live animals8 0939 23014.073 85779 7978.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.034547.84542-7.4
01 Meat and meat preparations20214.91851923.9
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs61667.05596078.7
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof7 4818 40312.368 74673 8647.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations34379.130338627.3
05 Vegetables and fruit172436.6151147-2.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey53-25.6434810.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices455215.131635010.7
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)28743551.82 3092 78520.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products13918431.71 2001 37614.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco93985.87297867.9
11 Beverages91976.17207788.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures21-9.598-16.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 4251 5679.913 22114 0406.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3328-16.236546026.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits00-22.655-14.6
23 Crude rubber32-44.33231-1.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork2983093.62 8292 9965.9
25 Pulp and waste paper2062196.42 0992 0990.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste2524-2.92052081.6
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3593651.73 1533 2382.7
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap45858427.74 1754 68612.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials4335-17.5358317-11.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials50 96131 363-38.5454 525375 822-17.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes300-99.5942-98.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products28 52823 606-17.3245 512216 319-11.9
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 0803 360-17.641 92241 363-1.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured21 5207 178-66.6203 414155 833-23.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 705801-53.014 62111 808-19.2
35 Electric current884579-34.55 5053 668-33.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes18122122.01 6841 95616.1
41 Animal oils and fats6912275.88761 02817.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated42421.131635712.7
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed7057-18.649257116.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 7755 42013.544 34045 3972.4
51 Organic chemicals1 2791 69132.212 29213 4679.6
52 Inorganic chemicals6236758.46 4386 019-6.5
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1561581.21 5361 474-4.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products619573-7.45 7824 965-14.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1351414.71 1381 29413.7
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4685027.34 5044 361-3.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms127121-4.51 1381 030-9.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 3691 55813.911 51112 78711.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 2236 997-3.163 19265 3773.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5854.25754-5.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.58602.75315422.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures12414920.01 2261 2643.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4784841.14 1744 2722.4
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles133131-1.81 1791 2274.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.14816712.51 1811 35214.5
67 Iron and steel1 0291 1249.210 71911 6628.8
68 Non-ferrous metals4 2644 148-2.737 79438 7492.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.982727-26.06 3306 255-1.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment6 9968 34919.363 50569 5959.6
71 Power generating machinery and equipment57475431.24 9386 97041.1
72 Machinery for special industries8541 03320.98 7598 8831.4
73 Metal working machinery6752-21.74674843.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 0891 56243.511 61112 88211.0
75 Office machines, data processing machines26029312.91 9372 29018.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment4875155.74 6404 7151.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus8691 17235.011 33013 12415.8
78 Road vehicles7347775.95 9566 66211.9
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 0622 1906.213 86713 584-2.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 8282 36229.216 72018 92913.2
81 Prefabricated buildings1031118.21 0481 045-0.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof2542550.62 0312 0551.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.81251.58712138.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories95972.16316868.7
85 Footwear161814.412216434.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments8211 24251.36 8699 43437.4
88 Photographic and optical goods213355.117520114.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s51159416.35 7575 223-9.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions49110124.861973018.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00240.2101-90.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-42.31267.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)49109125.060772719.7

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2018September 2019September 2018September 2019
Total526 269566 1807.6732 394672 430-8.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries107 328113 9036.199 17393 021-6.2
EFTA7 6597 429-3.06 0886 3624.5
EU319 417344 4837.8601 296539 151-10.3
OECD404 273352 559-12.8663 032547 948-17.4
Developing countries95 783106 43711.151 03655 8409.4
LDC - least developed countries3 3434 99249.34 1621 470-64.7
 
Continents and countries
Europe347 081373 2867.6615 503554 661-9.9
Belgium8 0878 90010.137 91630 129-20.5
Denmark29 13032 68112.235 54730 041-15.5
Estonia4 2414 5367.01 1461 2186.3
Finland12 04512 8346.612 1638 187-32.7
France16 65518 51011.146 88439 547-15.6
Greece59773823.67341 20363.9
Ireland3 5423 271-7.78 1275 179-36.3
Iceland1 8521 497-19.24 0334 1382.6
Italy17 09517 6963.59 8679 159-7.2
Lithuania6 2026 7939.54 1104 3545.9
Netherlands18 97621 34212.582 02673 378-10.5
Poland17 63221 86824.016 89416 066-4.9
Portugal1 9782 32417.53 7824 43617.3
Romania2 7333 68034.76516906.0
Russia13 05513 4603.11 8832 38326.6
Slovakia2 7142 444-9.93483737.2
Spain10 90911 8858.912 01814 98724.7
United Kingdom27 87627 750-0.5159 192138 623-12.9
Switzerland5 7615 8852.22 0542 2228.2
Sweden63 52366 0774.046 91450 1736.9
Czech Republic6 0596 3094.11 4721 5344.2
Turkey4 9215 56213.04 5355 05011.4
Germany57 66861 4516.6115 600104 101-9.9
Hungary2 1092 46216.7769568-26.1
Austria4 4615 59125.31 5402 09936.3
Other countires in Europe7 2607 7406.65 2984 823-9.0
 
Asia101 246104 8313.552 22157 3719.9
Hong Kong893784-12.21 3481 70026.1
India3 4314 14020.71 6992 59252.6
Japan9 92110 4345.27 8856 992-11.3
China50 89555 6869.415 06418 74124.4
Malaysia2 8582 129-25.51 1991 43619.8
Singapore2 3392 114-9.63 4514 21822.2
South Korea15 56811 675-25.07 7387 199-7.0
Taiwan3 0813 68719.71 5441 437-6.9
Thailand2 4862 5924.31 7752 17422.5
Vietnam3 6434 87133.71 2161 34610.7
Other countires in Asia6 1316 7199.69 3029 5362.5
 
North and Central America57 16163 65411.442 71840 745-4.6
Canada12 35212 298-0.45 6446 56516.3
United States41 33447 60415.233 55630 845-8.1
Other countries in North- and Central-America3 4753 7528.03 5183 335-51.9
 
South America12 23412 6363.35 5424 702-15.2
Brazil8 8368 263-6.52 8333 11810.1
Chile7251 10352.11 058742-29.9
Peru1 0181 37334.99664-33.3
Other countries in South-America1 6551 89714.61 555778-50.0
 
Africa6 7899 71143.013 54513 285-1.9
Angola1171 4481 137.6917343-62.6
Botswana144135-6.301.
South Africa2 4012 307-3.91 0331 49144.3
Other countires in Africa4 1275 82141.011 59511 450-1.3
 
Oceania1 7592 06217.22 8641 666-41.8
Australia1 4961 70714.11 8071 255-30.5
New Zealand25735237.0910302-66.8
Other countires in Oceania63-50.0147109-25.9

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2018September 2019September 2018September 2019
Total523 949561 9757.3334 621349 9284.6
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries107 273113 0895.466 33466 8360.8
EFTA7 6517 403-3.26 0886 1591.2
EU319 048343 4187.6221 819227 9502.8
OECD402 687350 674-12.9274 305237 617-13.4
Developing countries94 876104 91910.646 15851 73212.1
LDC - least developed countries3 2184 99255.14 1621 470-64.7
 
Continents and countries
Europe346 275371 3017.2236 592244 2913.3
Belgium8 0878 90010.112 65711 769-7.0
Denmark29 11832 0129.922 20423 4245.5
Estonia4 2414 5367.01 1461 2186.3
Finland12 01812 8346.85 7415 602-2.4
France16 65518 51011.111 18811 4782.6
Greece59773823.67307999.5
Ireland3 5423 271-7.73 2014 13129.1
Iceland1 8441 472-20.24 0333 934-2.5
Italy17 09517 6763.46 5326 9065.7
Lithuania6 2026 7889.43 0913 60316.6
Netherlands18 93921 34212.740 55935 435-12.6
Poland17 63221 53922.213 39713 9103.8
Portugal1 9782 32417.53 3863 74710.7
Romania2 7333 68034.76516906.0
Russia13 05513 4603.11 7442 35034.7
Slovakia2 7142 444-9.93483737.2
Spain10 90911 8858.98 4059 70515.5
United Kingdom27 62827 7500.426 69030 92115.9
Switzerland5 7615 8852.22 0542 2228.2
Sweden63 51766 0574.033 84033 395-1.3
Czech Republic6 0596 3094.11 4721 5344.2
Turkey4 4944 7676.14 1285 05022.3
Germany57 62961 4296.622 64624 6128.7
Hungary2 1092 46216.7769568-26.1
Austria4 4615 59125.31 5402 09936.3
Other countries in Europe7 2587 6405.34 4404 8168.5
 
Asia99 895102 6102.746 72053 46314.4
Hong Kong64078422.51 3051 4037.5
India3 4314 14020.71 6992 06021.2
Japan9 92110 4345.27 7016 992-9.2
China50 57954 9638.713 36016 67124.8
Malaysia2 8582 129-25.51 1991 43619.8
Singapore2 3391 957-16.33 3534 14023.5
South Korea14 78710 335-30.15 4276 77924.9
Taiwan3 0813 68719.71 3821 4374.0
Thailand2 4862 5924.31 5732 17438.2
Vietnam3 6434 87133.71 2161 34610.7
Other countries in Asia6 1306 7189.68 5059 0256.1
 
North and Central America57 16163 65411.432 94233 8342.7
Canada12 35212 298-0.43 2855 09555.1
United States41 33447 60415.227 24926 669-2.1
Other countries in North and Central America3 4753 7528.02 4082 070-14.0
 
South America12 23412 6363.34 0084 3448.4
Brazil8 8368 263-6.52 6622 95411.0
Chile7251 10352.155363414.6
Peru1 0181 37334.99664-33.3
Other countries in South America1 6551 89714.6697692-0.7
 
Africa6 6269 71146.612 27812 3760.8
Angola1171 4481 137.6917343-62.6
Botswana144135-6.301.
South Africa2 3632 307-2.450364528.2
Other countries in Africa4 0025 82145.510 85811 3874.9
 
Oceania1 7592 06217.22 0811 621-22.1
Australia1 4961 70714.11 8071 255-30.5
New Zealand25735237.023630228.0
Other countries in Oceania63-50.0386468.4

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
September 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total566 18036 0727 76234 99637 2035 77655 15380 902227 41879 918980
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)344 48322 1997 00512 83122 7171 70240 48755 156139 67441 764948
Nordic countries113 9038 0892 0416 58314 7361 11411 26020 10935 49413 579898
Developing countries106 4378 6241919 6694 1791 9313 15810 54939 60228 51125
Russia13 4601 335138415 0541 3561 3063 3121071370
India4 140822162127141 0124981 0280
Japan10 43476715303972 3666 7847850
China55 686746148933111 4116 76828 66517 5539
Singapore2 114160107015081658165020
South Korea11 67536145772885 6705 4212000
United States47 6048601742665 0412475 7361 63428 4935 1502
Canada12 298197129 7981864380731 2723770
Brazil8 2632 59304 5605690152151200327
South Africa2 307373361 2310124102512198

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
September 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total672 43079 79778614 040375 8221 95645 39765 37769 59518 929730
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)539 15151 92153311 499345 7821 03925 68552 55339 66810 41358
Nordic countries93 02113 2472673 74640 1704466 84712 43311 6774 17910
Developing countries55 84011 388301 57011 00431513 3584 34811 7782 0490
Russia2 3833621141552004751 0571381
India2 5921603596520665617233490
Japan6 9922 961112378487911 0421 0831980
China18 7413 645186572 105217 3561 1323 0897190
Singapore4 218489131 22822333521 5223870
South Korea7 1992 146155419253371 1412 1559210
United States30 8455 2731193669 4043802 9383 4656 0692 8310
Canada6 5655435213 867131865181 1852270
Brazil3 11865128716569983975712420
South Africa1 49120207846210030259450

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2018September 2019September 2018 - September 2019So far this yearSeptember 2018 - September 2019
September 2018September 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country36 12237 7664.6334 621349 9284.6
 
County of production
Østfold1 1971 34512.412 90012 866-0.3
Akershus54972532.14 7456 49636.9
Oslo6006406.75 6176 0868.3
Hedmark33539718.53 2493 62611.6
Oppland6426643.45 6875 457-4.0
Buskerud88099012.59 2488 528-7.8
Vestfold1 8231 484-18.617 51916 841-3.9
Telemark1 9522 16611.017 53017 453-0.4
Aust-Agder444267-39.92 6472 342-11.5
Vest-Agder2 6343 16220.023 87526 59511.4
Rogaland3 4433 070-10.830 80630 9960.6
Hordaland5 5515 213-6.158 94056 947-3.4
Sogn og Fjordane1 035904-12.79 8839 9240.4
Møre og Romsdal3 2533 80016.828 35133 47318.1
Trøndelag2 2132 250.20 55820 202.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 2632 75121.621 70122 5824.1
Troms - Romsa82897017.17 0638 03513.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku350722106.34 5905 78326.0
Svalbard300-100.0920-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 7741 350-23.913 05311 589-11.2
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 6044 12914.630 54437 24621.9
County not stated7207656 0246 86113.9

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
September 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country37 7669 3288 4031 7885 00421 647
 
County of production1
Østfold1 345867208161 035
Akershus725699101646
Oslo640755431521
Hedmark39714-1560227
Oppland6646-191638
Buskerud99020620926
Vestfold1 4848-65582829
Telemark2 16615057352 058
Aust-Agder26734-18-215
Vest-Agder3 162131223-3 125
Rogaland3 0704592111508911 570
Hordaland5 2137927472192 7751 428
Sogn og Fjordane904403377360464
Møre og Romsdal3 8002 1612 09612021 518
Trøndelag22 2501 4021 384790770
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 7511 6641 592128-958
Troms - Romsa9709109079-52
Finnmark - Finnmárku72262962951384
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 35044338223757992
Re-exports of goods produced abroad34 12988574833 885
County not stated7655440250686

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
August 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total499 2370.31.1
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)4 11218.5143.1
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms495 1260.20.6
 
0 Food and live animals31 8740.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031320.0-0.6
01 Meat and meat preparations9710.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs9700.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof3 369-0.3-0.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4 5480.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit8 5230.0-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey9680.00.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2 4990.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)5 0230.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products4 8730.00.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6 8490.0-0.1
11 Beverages4 6180.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 2310.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels31 419-0.1-0.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw290.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 2050.0-0.1
23 Crude rubber1350.0-0.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 6680.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2970.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste780.0-1.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 4650.0-0.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap21 399-0.1-0.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 1430.0-0.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials33 4732.011.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 7340.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products27 6922.513.7
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation15 9840.0-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured6940.03.5
342 Liquefied propane and butane5850.00.0
35 Electric current3 3540.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes4 8850.0-0.2
41 Animal oils and fats2 1850.0-0.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 5460.0-0.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1540.0-0.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.48 700-0.2-0.3
51 Organic chemicals5 6830.0-0.1
52 Inorganic chemicals3 469-0.1-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials2 6000.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products12 8250.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc5 0390.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers2 3330.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms3 3630.0-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4 4050.00.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8 983-1.1-1.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material71 9230.20.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins3090.20.1
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.3 9630.0-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures5 1080.0-0.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 1130.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5 881-0.1-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.6 6480.0-0.3
67 Iron and steel12 5441.01.0
68 Non-ferrous metals6 1280.0-0.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.26 2290.0-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment199 4700.51.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment16 8460.0-1.6
72 Machinery for special industries20 010-0.1-0.3
73 Metal working machinery1 3060.0-0.4
74 General industrial machinery and equipment26 675-0.1-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines12 648-0.1-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment17 7940.1-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus26 185-0.1-0.3
78 Road vehicles60 9780.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships17 0286.822.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles69 7980.1-0.1
81 Prefabricated buildings6 3430.1-0.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof11 120-0.2-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 320-0.1-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories14 1720.0-0.1
85 Footwear4 212-0.3-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments12 1000.80.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2 157-0.2-0.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s18 3740.2-0.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions8470.0-0.5
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3220.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender90.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)5160.0-0.9

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
August 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total606 7140.01.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)150 3340.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)135 9630.05.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)3 9380.05.9
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)4 3172.214.1
Mainland exports312 1630.00.0
 
0 Food and live animals70 5670.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03370.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations171-0.4-0.8
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs5420.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof65 4600.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3490.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit1230.0-0.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey450.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2980.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 3500.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 1920.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6880.0-0.2
11 Beverages6820.0-0.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures70.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels12 4740.10.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw4330.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits40.00.0
23 Crude rubber300.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 6870.00.3
25 Pulp and waste paper1 8800.00.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1840.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 873-0.1-0.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 1010.30.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2820.0-4.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials344 4600.02.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products192 7130.00.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation38 0030.00.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured148 6550.04.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane11 0070.10.8
35 Electric current3 0900.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 735-1.1-0.5
41 Animal oils and fats907-0.70.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated314-0.1-0.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed514-2.5-2.6
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.39 9770.0-0.2
51 Organic chemicals11 7760.0-0.6
52 Inorganic chemicals5 3440.00.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3160.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products4 3910.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 1520.0-0.2
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms3 8590.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms9090.0-0.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.11 2290.0-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material58 3800.01.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins460.0-12.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.483-0.1-0.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 115-0.1-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof3 7890.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 0960.0-0.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 185-1.4-1.3
67 Iron and steel10 5380.0-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals34 6010.01.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.5 5280.00.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment61 2460.3-0.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6 216-0.2-6.9
72 Machinery for special industries7 851-0.3-0.7
73 Metal working machinery4320.0-0.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment11 320-0.4-0.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 9960.0-0.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment4 2000.0-0.8
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus11 9520.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles5 885-0.1-0.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships11 3942.64.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles16 567-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings9340.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 8000.0-0.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1090.0-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories5880.0-0.3
85 Footwear146-0.2-0.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments8 192-0.10.2
88 Photographic and optical goods168-4.8-5.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4 629-0.1-1.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions621-0.1-0.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind10.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)618-0.1-0.1

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.