366629
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366629
statistikk
2020-03-16T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Seasonally adjusted figures in the Statbank table 08864 and in table 1, 2 and 4 are updated 19 March 2020.

Updated

Corrected

Next update

Key figures

57.2

NOK billion – Import of goods in February 2020

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
February 2020January 2020 - February 2020February 2019 - February 2020February 2020February 2019 - February 2020
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports75.5-5.6-1.3155.5-4.7
Crude oil24.01.734.547.723.0
Natural gas12.7-20.0-37.728.6-34.5
Natural gas condensates0.7-15.136.61.5197.5
Ships and oil platforms0.0360.0-89.20.0-90.0
Mainland exports38.0-4.21.477.6-2.9
Fish9.0-5.217.418.515.3
 
Imports57.2-5.6-8.1117.8-4.1
Ships and oil platforms0.757.4117.01.1-9.6
 
The trade balance18.3-5.728.537.7-6.7
The mainland trade balance-18.59.824.3-39.06.1

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
2019755 593748 762.6 831-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201850 97850 61054 332369-
March 201864 22263 87959 823344-
April 201863 53563 06562 090471-
May 201863 25363 09159 622162-
June 201859 01359 00658 7357-
July 201854 82254 81856 8125-
August 201856 42556 41358 76413-
September 201859 31759 18657 953131-
October 201865 58265 16962 512413-
November 201865 05565 05462 3191-
December 201853 42953 33157 53198-
January 201960 57559 66262 659913-
February 201962 23161 92066 812312-
March 201966 84566 25962 010586-
April 201962 23361 44360 194790-
May 201967 17067 00362 522167-
June 201960 01359 97760 14235-
July 201959 87659 34361 577533-
August 201959 92859 15061 597778-
September 201967 47367 17566 034298-
October 201966 76165 57862 9521 184-
November 201963 65663 10360 423553-
December 201958 83258 14863 242684-
January 202060 60660 17662 720430-
February 202057 18456 50758 987677-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
2019903 909897 164.473 043.6 745-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201875 88775 79777 54635 75437 29191-
March 201881 64381 59379 35037 38637 07250-
April 201879 77979 21778 50736 99236 232563-
May 201879 94278 43880 73037 54637 1391 505-
June 201879 32178 37583 05439 35237 734946-
July 201881 66381 16086 56034 25236 866502-
August 201886 92586 48889 62240 21941 204437-
September 201881 62580 16388 19036 12238 1041 461-
October 201898 22398 12990 63343 01339 90195-
November 201887 02786 91182 39842 08339 237117-
December 201879 71979 68577 86935 69238 06434-
January 201986 73786 66980 03142 53141 90068-
February 201976 45976 24777 72237 45338 969212-
March 201985 34584 95178 36440 56037 975394-
April 201977 25674 92376 65339 46140 2282 334-
May 201976 05475 96878 24741 74741 15786-
June 201966 04765 08971 17536 95337 199959-
July 201966 75266 52669 82636 39738 348226-
August 201965 56165 52269 21337 13739 10939-
September 201965 93264 25469 81437 67739 0671 678-
October 201971 78371 60366 47942 15338 687180-
November 201981 58081 18577 47741 95439 962395-
December 201984 40284 22680 08639 01939 989176-
January 202079 98979 98473 98139 64238 8735-
February 202075 47075 44775 07637 99339 07323-

Table 3 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
2019148 316148 402-275 719
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201926 16227 007-17 131
February 201914 22814 328-24 467
March 201918 50018 693-25 699
April 201915 02313 479-21 982
May 20198 8848 965-25 256
June 20196 0355 111-23 024
July 20196 8777 183-22 947
August 20195 6336 372-22 013
September 2019-1 542-2 922-29 499
October 20195 0216 025-23 424
November 201917 92418 082-21 149
December 201925 57026 078-19 129
January 202019 38319 808-20 533
February 202018 28618 940-18 514

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
2019424 121.247 778.170 594.5 749
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
February 201840 04240 47018 61519 95020 66019 329767
March 201844 20742 13622 54822 22921 65918 743-
April 201842 22542 74821 95721 04119 58320 519686
May 201840 89243 03021 81021 45218 27721 077805
June 201839 02345 81321 37223 08717 65122 923-
July 201846 90949 72923 02423 39023 45925 958425
August 201846 26949 24223 20622 86522 06426 078999
September 201844 04150 21524 04325 14119 62924 974369
October 201855 11649 59927 77227 56526 60424 588739
November 201844 82741 59618 07918 22425 58822 4511 160
December 201843 99340 78317 14415 78626 68122 761168
January 201944 13838 05020 90720 27723 23218 380-
February 201938 79439 47417 87319 11020 40619 204515
March 201944 39142 68621 49920 91922 21619 312676
April 201935 46135 88021 11520 31414 12714 777219
May 201934 22135 99419 74619 64913 83415 946641
June 201928 13533 15614 07215 23413 34317 364720
July 201930 13031 98018 73819 16410 55811 683834
August 201928 38530 17218 97118 9489 08210 697332
September 201926 57730 40219 70720 4426 2297 923641
October 201929 45026 49718 97418 78410 0769 318399
November 201939 23136 31927 92728 13910 5829 314722
December 201945 20741 83428 24925 79316 90914 46949
January 202040 34234 61323 63423 01715 87912 471829
February 202037 45438 25824 04725 68912 70411 994704

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
February 2019February 2020February 2019 - February 2020So far this yearFebruary 2019 - February 2020
February 2019February 2020
Total62 23157 184-8.1122 806117 790-4.1
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)312677117.01 2241 107-9.6
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms61 92056 507-8.7121 582116 683-4.0
 
0 Food and live animals3 8043 9022.68 1838 4683.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03111753.8222929.0
01 Meat and meat preparations9310310.619621911.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs11313822.523426111.6
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof43669659.41 2861 51417.7
04 Cereals and cereal preparations597470-21.31 1691 012-13.4
05 Vegetables and fruit1 0261 0593.32 1212 2033.9
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey12213813.22572663.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3023319.664471210.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)585482-17.61 2031 138-5.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products519468-9.91 0511 1146.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco70578811.81 3441 4749.7
11 Beverages48153711.59471 04310.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures22425112.53974328.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 8664 39353.37 3748 0939.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw44-3.299-1.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits28261822.94034163.2
23 Crude rubber116-46.12011-42.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork395381-3.7850725-14.7
25 Pulp and waste paper4831-35.39374-20.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste91017.3202630.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales331271-18.0634628-0.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 7783 14677.04 8425 66216.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2632847.95035417.6
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials3 7553 572-4.97 3177 9879.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes265179-32.6460390-15.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 8483 1239.75 4566 99028.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 8781 435-23.53 9263 359-14.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured12814412.6258227-12.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane10512518.8210173-17.8
35 Electric current514126-75.51 143381-66.7
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes4194435.51 0131 0857.1
41 Animal oils and fats1962065.14624814.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2092247.452157610.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1412-15.63129-6.6
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 7586 0174.511 78312 1333.0
51 Organic chemicals63579925.81 4751 383-6.2
52 Inorganic chemicals39347621.38921 01013.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3003206.6605596-1.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 6401 82611.43 2623 4204.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6086232.51 2141 2553.4
56 Fertilizers23927012.8552503-8.9
57 Plastics in primary forms424408-3.9899800-11.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms4785035.19769881.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 040792-23.81 9082 17814.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material13 4787 692-42.921 74215 779-27.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins384312.99285-7.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.502486-3.29419521.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures643595-7.41 3161 181-10.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof6156363.41 3361 324-0.9
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles682658-3.51 4161 363-3.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.830779-6.21 6651 539-7.6
67 Iron and steel1 5141 390-8.23 1412 870-8.6
68 Non-ferrous metals843675-19.91 6151 515-6.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.7 8112 430-68.910 2194 951-51.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment22 65521 513-5.046 22144 941-2.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 5101 231-18.54 3033 517-18.3
72 Machinery for special industries2 2122 2813.24 4964 6603.7
73 Metal working machinery172157-8.5326309-5.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 3602 943-12.46 4835 812-10.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3231 315-0.63 1073 004-3.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 0081 838-8.54 2914 3280.9
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 0703 2044.46 4546 6372.8
78 Road vehicles7 6377 118-6.813 43613 5731.0
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 7784 246-11.18 1798 1800.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 3631 4254.53 3253 101-6.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 7188 7390.217 66117 589-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings842702-16.71 6561 453-12.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 5081 472-2.42 9242 791-4.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1401538.92993196.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 7771 701-4.33 7343 684-1.4
85 Footwear558512-8.21 0881 001-8.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4481 5315.72 9613 0914.4
88 Photographic and optical goods269268-0.55255331.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 1752 40110.44 4734 7175.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions7312570.316923942.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind283212.5506020.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender13473.515277.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)4490101.911817448.3

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
February 2019February 2020February 2019 - February 2020So far this yearFebruary 2019 - February 2020
February 2019February 2020
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total76 45975 470-1.3163 197155 459-4.7
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)17 87324 04734.538 78047 68123.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)20 40612 704-37.743 63728 583-34.5
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)51570436.75151 532197.5
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)21223-89.228028-90.0
Mainland exports37 45337 9931.479 98477 635-2.9
 
0 Food and live animals8 2219 55116.217 17619 58814.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03226.2716142.2
01 Meat and meat preparations212418.1415329.8
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7954-32.4143121-14.9
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof7 6548 98517.416 01118 46015.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations394412.176839.0
05 Vegetables and fruit1413-1.23027-10.5
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey26224.18918.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices355245.7799721.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)21824211.0500475-5.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products157130-17.6282247-12.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco56147161.114223565.3
11 Beverages56146160.414123364.7
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures01261.112246.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 5691 5790.63 2753 3311.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw12068-43.6242186-23.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits0197.41145.4
23 Crude rubber53-45.475-34.7
24 Wood, lumber and cork360349-2.9717675-5.8
25 Pulp and waste paper244219-10.5473469-0.9
26 Textile fibres and their waste17199.140400.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3223436.77117150.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap46855618.61 0181 18216.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3222-30.86657-14.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials44 84543 938-2.096 47890 522-6.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes01643.402455.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products22 59229 26529.548 41657 99819.8
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 1724 4767.39 0038 706-3.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured22 01614 527-34.047 12232 151-31.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 3771 72525.33 0363 3299.7
35 Electric current236144-38.9940371-60.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2372473.941147716.2
41 Animal oils and fats1011020.817525043.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated627522.4111110-1.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed7469-7.1125117-6.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 7344 9464.510 59710 164-4.1
51 Organic chemicals1 3011 55619.62 9363 1447.1
52 Inorganic chemicals6346939.41 3991 369-2.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials163148-9.0358317-11.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products60171018.01 2591 241-1.4
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc144142-1.5304290-4.5
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms486463-4.81 045970-7.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1301321.5241240-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2751 102-13.63 0552 592-15.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 0717 058-0.214 86414 097-5.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins6950.3141617.9
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.518361.410714637.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures14216012.53053298.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof441385-12.7958840-12.4
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles140127-9.22803058.9
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1311363.7301274-9.0
67 Iron and steel1 2111 073-11.42 5962 044-21.3
68 Non-ferrous metals4 2874 3742.08 8828 775-1.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.6617117.51 4221 368-3.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 7365 925-23.416 02012 262-23.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7087232.11 6741 497-10.6
72 Machinery for special industries960905-5.81 7831 8000.9
73 Metal working machinery47506.31001054.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 6261 390-14.53 0152 878-4.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines228218-4.5496468-5.5
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment41355033.39261 08917.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 353952-59.53 2632 056-37.0
78 Road vehicles69577411.41 4151 5378.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships706363-48.73 348831-75.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 9141 9592.34 0914 56511.6
81 Prefabricated buildings114110-3.62392525.5
82 Furniture and parts thereof252250-0.85155252.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.109-16.22217-22.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7662-18.6155125-18.9
85 Footwear2212-45.34124-41.3
87 Professional and scientific instruments9169645.21 8721 9383.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2522-10.346473.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4995316.31 2021 63636.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions7512161.114221953.8
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00248.3
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-33.300-79.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7512061.014221854.1

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
February 2019February 2020February 2019February 2020
Total122 806117 790-4.1163 197155 459-4.7
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries25 01923 868-4.621 97923 7428.0
EFTA1 7811 477-17.11 1081 45631.4
EU72 20236 731-49.1133 40260 331-54.8
OECD74 60674 7140.1134 963119 146-11.7
Developing countries22 87924 5797.413 78123 41969.9
LDC - least developed countries1 009747-26.019830654.5
 
Continents and countries
Europe78 70478 520-0.2136 162120 540-11.5
Belgium1 7681 9138.27 7447 059-8.8
Denmark7 1177 3693.57 8315 707-27.1
Estonia1 044784-24.924327513.2
Finland2 8662 799-2.31 5321 283-16.3
France3 6263 9097.810 4077 889-24.2
Greece248108-56.52252344.0
Ireland77187914.01 3821 283-7.2
Iceland378294-22.263492245.4
Italy3 4083 4521.32 0321 924-5.3
Lithuania1 4261 4723.28561 42266.1
Netherlands4 4353 765-15.116 61915 702-5.5
Poland4 1353 854-6.84 2593 283-22.9
Portugal543526-3.1879676-23.1
Romania51866428.2201166-17.4
Russia2 8882 253-22.028531711.2
Slovakia593513-13.57871-9.0
Spain2 7842 8311.73 0552 570-15.9
United Kingdom5 9137 27623.136 29130 346-16.4
Switzerland1 3931 173-15.847353212.5
Sweden14 53213 284-8.611 91415 69731.8
Czech Republic1 1671 38418.635340615.0
Turkey1 4571 80423.88861 925117.3
Germany12 28413 0276.026 38719 163-27.4
Hungary46452813.8137124-9.5
Austria1 360907-33.3479411-14.2
Other countires in Europe1 5861 75210.59801 15317.7
 
Asia28 48921 262-25.412 90422 82376.9
Hong Kong1391411.4396257-35.1
India76885311.1460454-1.3
Japan2 3492 140-8.91 6081 199-25.4
China12 61212 088-4.24 06413 425230.3
Malaysia657414-37.028952481.3
Singapore6256646.27741 09441.3
South Korea7 5891 229-83.81 4942 49967.3
Taiwan801747-6.7463398-14.0
Thailand559510-8.841663051.4
Vietnam9541 05410.53083327.8
Other countires in Asia1 4361 422-1.02 6322 011-23.6
 
North and Central America11 12011 8456.57 5927 6050.2
Canada1 8913 14066.01 0791 32022.3
United States8 5148 102-4.85 9855 377-10.2
Other countries in North- and Central-America715603-15.7528908-78.4
 
South America2 3242 97027.81 2901 100-14.7
Brazil1 5082 12040.6842812-3.6
Chile24727410.9278151-45.7
Peru193151-21.8101770.0
Other countries in South-America37642513.0160120-25.0
 
Africa1 7492 99871.44 9383 049-38.3
Angola2499-96.438160321.1
Botswana318-74.2--.
South Africa520418-19.6125120-4.0
Other countires in Africa9492 563170.14 7752 769-42.0
 
Oceania420195-53.631134310.3
Australia370129-65.124330123.9
New Zealand486535.45733-42.1
Other countires in Oceania21-50.0119-18.2

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
February 2019February 2020February 2019February 2020
Total121 582116 683-4.079 98477 635-2.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries25 01223 868-4.615 05914 550-3.4
EFTA1 7751 477-16.81 1081 45631.4
EU72 20036 689-49.252 19025 759-50.6
OECD74 28873 930-0.553 75253 055-1.3
Developing countries22 56923 8465.713 78112 725-7.7
LDC - least developed countries1 009747-26.019828946.0
 
Continents and countries
Europe78 38477 736-0.854 92954 448-0.9
Belgium1 7681 9138.22 4662 76712.2
Denmark7 1177 3693.55 3095 004-5.7
Estonia1 044784-24.924327513.2
Finland2 8662 799-2.31 1351 27712.5
France3 6263 9097.82 6712 8637.2
Greece248108-56.52252344.0
Ireland7718368.477496124.2
Iceland372294-21.063492245.4
Italy3 4083 4521.31 6091 6542.8
Lithuania1 4241 4642.8856791-7.6
Netherlands4 4353 765-15.18 5168 274-2.8
Poland4 1353 854-6.83 0383 2246.1
Portugal543526-3.156467619.9
Romania51866428.2201166-17.4
Russia2 8882 253-22.026431720.1
Slovakia593513-13.57871-9.0
Spain2 7842 8311.72 1822 080-4.7
United Kingdom5 9137 27623.17 1796 853-4.5
Switzerland1 3931 173-15.847353212.5
Sweden14 53213 284-8.67 9127 214-8.8
Czech Republic1 1671 38418.635340615.0
Turkey1 1471 071-6.6886824-7.0
Germany12 28413 0276.05 7645 375-6.7
Hungary46452813.8137124-9.5
Austria1 360907-33.3479411-14.2
Other countries in Europe1 5841 75210.69811 15317.5
 
Asia27 58420 939-24.112 43412 8043.0
Hong Kong1391411.4292257-12.0
India76885311.1460454-1.3
Japan2 3492 140-8.91 6081 199-25.4
China12 61212 088-4.24 0644 014-1.2
Malaysia657414-37.028952481.3
Singapore625342-45.37741 09441.3
South Korea6 6841 229-81.61 4942 05737.7
Taiwan801747-6.7463398-14.0
Thailand559510-8.841663051.4
Vietnam9541 05410.53083327.8
Other countries in Asia1 4361 421-1.02 2661 845-18.6
 
North and Central America11 12011 8456.56 1905 908-4.6
Canada1 8913 14066.035840613.4
United States8 5148 102-4.85 3034 936-6.9
Other countries in North and Central America715603-15.75295667.0
 
South America2 3242 97027.81 1821 100-6.9
Brazil1 5082 12040.6842812-3.6
Chile24727410.9170151-11.2
Peru193151-21.8101770.0
Other countries in South America37642513.0160120-25.0
 
Africa1 7492 99871.44 9383 032-38.6
Angola2499-96.438160321.1
Botswana318-74.2--.
South Africa520418-19.6125120-4.0
Other countries in Africa9492 563170.14 7752 752-42.4
 
Oceania420195-53.631134310.3
Australia370129-65.124330123.9
New Zealand486535.45733-42.1
Other countries in Oceania21-50.0119-18.2

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
February 2020
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total117 7908 4681 4748 0937 9871 08512 13315 77944 94117 589239
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)72 3155 7901 3072 8854 4333598 70711 54028 1818 878235
Nordic countries23 8681 7394101 4762 8192632 2624 3027 4722 906218
Developing countries24 5791 710302 0652 0882286722 2659 2366 2832
Russia2 253203238365326214454928290
India85313411101179219722350
Japan2 1401924101095221 3111720
China12 088156046032711 3996 3493 8630
Singapore664200003328510910
South Korea1 2295012045591 0001170
United States8 10217652488081451 6863963 3991 3911
Canada3 1404132 6342105428282850
Brazil2 12046601 3141960175060152
South Africa41811481630041011630

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
February 2020
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total155 45919 5882353 33190 52247710 16414 09712 2624 565219
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)116 54612 6751062 82973 9573085 96211 2207 2142 25718
Nordic countries23 7423 1626989312 0111341 5732 7352 2619050
Developing countries23 4193 030539213 484622 6571 0191 8878830
Russia317320140138110107140
India454801000016414226140
Japan1 19965611201156137205330
China13 42566631659 97421 5673196071240
Singapore1 09411510269039554181960
South Korea2 4995881157272934674631440
United States5 3771 29710119541827246951 1987200
Canada1 320141219142329897330
Brazil81231012202120109207410
South Africa1205802011843060

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
February 2019February 2020February 2019 - February 2020So far this yearFebruary 2019 - February 2020
February 2019February 2020
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country37 45337 9931.479 98477 635-2.9
 
County of production
Viken.2 409..5 614.
Østfold (-2019)1 165--100.02 448--100.0
Akershus (-2019)1 609--100.02 190--100.0
Telemark (-2019)1 622-52.04 112--100.0
Oslo53577945.61 1921 50826.5
Innlandet.988..1 963.
Hedmark (-2019)392--100.0814--100.0
Oppland (-2019)639--100.01 324--100.0
Vestfold og Telemark.3 571..7 280.
Vestfold (-2019)1 751--100.03 881--100.0
Telemark (-2019)1 622--100.04 112--100.0
Agder.3 692..7 295.
Aust-Agder (-2019)325--100.0568--100.0
Vest-Agder (-2019)2 772--100.05 907--100.0
Rogaland3 4873 7286.97 2017 6626.4
Vestland.6 738..14 005.
Hordaland (-2019)5 938--100.012 542--100.0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1 133--100.02 425--100.0
Møre og Romsdal3 5583 531-0.88 9677 082-21.0
Trøndelag - Trööndelage1 9602 32618.74 0844 66914.3
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 1422 2716.04 5834 7643.9
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku.1 784..3 493.
Troms - Romsa (-2019)881--100.01 758--100.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)553--100.01 325--100.0
Svalbard00.00.
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 4641 118-23.63 1712 555-19.4
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 7603 8893.48 2117 767-5.4
County not stated7331 16959.51 3781 98043.7

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
February 2020
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country37 9939 6988 9851 8266 48419 985
 
County of production1
Viken2 409134727312 000
Oslo779764415658
Innlandet9881211570820
Vestfold og Telemark3 5712201131 1782 259
Agder3 6921356513 613
Rogaland3 7286015052091 6201 298
Vestland6 7381 7291 6121503 3101 549
Møre og Romsdal3 5311 8301 71513711 563
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 3261 5731 560920661
Nordland2 2711 3571 336129-785
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 7841 5801 576468079
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 11858853931315166
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 8898740421363 624
County not stated1 16998846001 010

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.