366645
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366645
statistikk
2020-10-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

-8.0

NOK billion – trade deficit of goods in September 2020

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
September 2020August 2020 - September 2020September 2019 - September 2020September 2020September 2019 - September 2020
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Corrected 16. October 2020 at 11:50 a.m.
Exports60.45.9-8.7573.9-13.9
Crude oil15.6-15.2-20.9162.6-5.8
Natural gas6.838.38.977.9-41.5
Natural gas condensates0.2-47.5-68.03.1-32.7
Ships and oil platforms0.0-99.5-99.94.7-24.3
Mainland exports37.814.70.5325.6-7.0
Fish8.318.5-1.673.90.2
 
Imports68.513.31.5557.9-1.5
Ships and oil platforms0.0-100.0-100.05.217.0
 
The trade balance-8.0-138.3-534.616.0-84.0
The mainland trade balance-30.6-16.0-4.0-227.0-7.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 330707 163.3 168-
2019757 902750 361.7 541-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201859 31759 18657 482131-
October 201865 55865 14562 398413-
November 201865 02665 02462 3571-
December 201853 31753 16956 678149-
January 201960 63959 72662 375913-
February 201962 23161 91966 822312-
March 201966 84266 25660 895586-
April 201962 23161 44162 413790-
May 201967 16767 00163 474167-
June 201960 01259 97659 23236-
July 201959 86059 32762 088533-
August 201959 90459 12662 014778-
September 201967 46567 11164 958354-
October 201966 89765 71362 9861 184-
November 201963 05462 50259 976553-
December 201961 60060 26464 7271 337-
January 202061 30760 56162 761746-
February 202058 38956 35258 8612 038-
March 202069 08068 89162 819189-
April 202055 38755 34056 26148-
May 202057 73857 40754 254331-
June 202066 59666 13265 395464-
July 202060 48460 12263 383361-
August 202060 43659 38362 5181 053-
September 202068 46068 46066 036--

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
20181 000 272991 771.458 226.8 501-
2019914 652907 117.472 926.7 536-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201881 68980 22888 15736 18738 1041 461-
October 201898 28198 18689 59843 01739 89995-
November 201886 96086 84381 27142 05239 152117-
December 201879 69679 66277 35035 66937 89434-
January 201986 77286 70478 38142 56541 23868-
February 201976 46276 25076 98137 45538 558212-
March 201985 33484 94178 41340 54937 534394-
April 201977 34475 01077 99439 54940 5372 334-
May 201976 02275 93679 88741 71541 67486-
June 201966 07965 12072 70436 98538 204959-
July 201966 77966 55370 79336 42438 917226-
August 201965 55665 52969 81237 14538 95427-
September 201966 19864 23169 82437 65438 8711 967-
October 201976 57476 39469 71842 09838 573180-
November 201986 10185 70680 19941 83939 728395-
December 201985 43184 74279 96738 94839 730689-
January 202080 44580 36672 59340 70039 11279-
February 202075 06775 04473 60237 97138 51223-
March 202071 20269 05462 82540 98537 2882 149-
April 202059 04158 72361 79034 66935 733318-
May 202056 11855 71160 54232 53434 438407-
June 202056 24355 94360 76335 18334 523300-
July 202058 30857 24861 54532 77935 0021 059-
August 202057 06156 65161 92332 97736 446410-
September 202060 41960 41763 25037 83536 8362-

Table 3 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018289 941284 608-248 936
2019156 750156 755-277 435
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201822 37221 042-22 999
October 201832 72333 041-22 128
November 201821 93521 819-22 973
December 201826 37826 493-17 500
January 201926 13426 978-17 160
February 201914 23114 331-24 464
March 201918 49318 685-25 706
April 201915 11213 569-21 893
May 20198 8558 936-25 285
June 20196 0675 144-22 991
July 20196 9207 226-22 904
August 20195 6526 403-21 981
September 2019-1 267-2 880-29 458
October 20199 67710 681-23 615
November 201923 04623 204-20 663
December 201923 83124 479-21 315
January 202019 13819 805-19 861
February 202016 67818 693-18 381
March 20202 123163-27 906
April 20203 6543 383-20 670
May 2020-1 620-1 696-24 873
June 2020-10 352-10 189-30 949
July 2020-2 176-2 874-27 344
August 2020-3 375-2 732-26 406
September 2020-8 041-8 043-30 625

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 545.261 334.265 435.6 776
2019434 190.251 912.176 534.5 744
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
September 201844 04150 09124 04325 38419 62924 973369
October 201855 16949 99827 77228 47126 60423 782793
November 201844 79241 69418 07918 47425 58822 1091 125
December 201843 99339 94117 14414 82026 68122 141168
January 201944 13838 07920 90719 44723 23218 743-
February 201938 79438 18917 87319 22320 40618 840515
March 201944 39142 14521 49921 38122 21619 143676
April 201935 46136 83721 11520 40914 12714 783219
May 201934 22136 82419 74620 12413 83416 228641
June 201928 13533 71714 07215 86313 34318 044720
July 201930 13031 90318 73818 66610 55812 020834
August 201928 38530 33918 97118 7479 08211 165332
September 201926 57730 23719 70720 7376 2297 885641
October 201934 29631 07720 28120 94313 61612 119399
November 201943 86740 73628 81629 53914 33312 384717
December 201945 79441 38330 18725 56615 55812 89149
January 202039 66634 06623 54821 76115 28912 270829
February 202037 07336 45624 04725 97912 32311 383704
March 202028 06926 59115 65015 41912 12510 448294
April 202024 05325 12913 64913 23710 08810 567317
May 202023 17725 05716 17616 6706 9338 17468
June 202020 76024 94015 54417 6125 2177 102-
July 202024 47025 88620 00519 9324 1874 767277
August 202023 67425 34918 37818 3094 9066 025390
September 202022 58225 65015 59316 2296 7848 563205

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
September 2019September 2020September 2019 - September 2020So far this yearSeptember 2019 - September 2020
September 2019September 2020
Total67 46568 4601.5566 350557 877-1.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)354--100.04 4685 22917.0
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms67 11168 4602.0561 883552 647-1.6
 
0 Food and live animals4 1825 12422.536 01940 24911.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03162560.714716411.2
01 Meat and meat preparations11115943.21 0821 29719.9
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs11916639.11 0901 38026.7
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof39546317.33 7643 9464.8
04 Cereals and cereal preparations54060211.45 0885 2413.0
05 Vegetables and fruit8991 02013.49 42310 77014.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey15119428.81 1181 29916.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices38650129.82 8853 50021.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)7381 25169.65 7246 98622.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products827743-10.25 6995 666-0.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9121 10821.47 7619 97528.5
11 Beverages59673122.75 2136 29020.7
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures31737719.12 5483 68444.6
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 5963 416-5.034 96535 7032.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw42-45.43331-4.6
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits155153-1.21 3601 4526.7
23 Crude rubber2013-31.9155127-18.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork4424829.14 1044 1410.9
25 Pulp and waste paper4131-25.3337318-5.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste131838.99110920.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3023030.22 7652 8432.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 3872 123-11.123 74623 9690.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials23329124.82 3742 71314.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials4 2922 174-49.437 76125 893-31.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes14517420.01 8791 753-6.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products4 0041 937-51.631 69223 009-27.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 0061 333-33.517 99113 821-23.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured7760-21.9771633-17.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane7458-20.9659516-21.7
35 Electric current663-95.03 420498-85.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes9081 18230.25 8287 43027.5
41 Animal oils and fats43249013.42 6543 22021.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated44666649.42 9914 01734.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed3026-13.41841935.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 4566 8916.755 09658 7506.6
51 Organic chemicals776595-23.36 4585 735-11.2
52 Inorganic chemicals423418-1.13 9004 37412.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials356355-0.12 9563 1737.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 6472 06225.214 46916 94617.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc65385230.45 6886 73318.4
56 Fertilizers27130412.02 5712 458-4.4
57 Plastics in primary forms447437-2.23 8043 748-1.5
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5635986.34 9675 3768.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 3211 270-3.910 28210 208-0.7
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 9229 5226.780 81980 131-0.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins395645.03483829.9
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6947153.04 6554 7211.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures7347917.65 8436 0974.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof70177310.35 8126 1275.4
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles75099232.36 6247 76217.2
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9099170.97 5647 474-1.2
67 Iron and steel1 5231 515-0.514 05515 51510.4
68 Non-ferrous metals756700-7.56 8885 810-15.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 8163 0648.829 03026 243-9.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment27 97727 513-1.7227 270217 523-4.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 1601 135-2.118 11114 743-18.6
72 Machinery for special industries2 7352 718-0.622 72722 702-0.1
73 Metal working machinery2162222.41 5231 455-4.4
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 1813 4969.929 53029 6070.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3791 4968.414 01913 823-1.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 4482 441-0.320 22020 8743.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus4 0213 970-1.330 19332 9379.1
78 Road vehicles7 6698 4189.868 60858 352-14.9
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 9445 3558.339 48634 354-13.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships5 1683 618-30.022 34023 0293.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles10 08611 37812.879 85081 1631.6
81 Prefabricated buildings9591 11916.77 2957 006-4.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 4341 5407.312 55412 7481.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.168152-9.41 4861 367-8.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2 3832 5647.616 54416 8211.7
85 Footwear603586-2.84 8134 254-11.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4921 5644.813 58913 439-1.1
88 Photographic and optical goods2842974.42 4412 390-2.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 7623 55628.821 12723 1389.5
 
9 Other commodities and transactions13415414.89811 0618.2
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3815-62.2360160-55.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender061 237.61031220.2
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)9513340.461187042.4

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
September 2019September 2020September 2019 - September 2020So far this yearSeptember 2019 - September 2020
September 2019September 2020
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total66 19860 419-8.7666 547573 904-13.9
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)19 70715 593-20.9172 629162 589-5.8
Natural gas (SITC 343)6 2296 7848.9133 02677 851-41.5
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)641205-68.04 5783 083-32.7
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 9672-99.96 2734 747-24.3
Mainland exports37 65437 8350.5350 041325 633-7.0
 
0 Food and live animals9 2179 066-1.679 71580 0810.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.035853.5425838.8
01 Meat and meat preparations212311.21922088.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6554-17.0606528-12.9
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof8 3908 259-1.673 78673 9460.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations37381.1386382-1.1
05 Vegetables and fruit2420-13.4146140-4.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey3419.74832-33.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices5238-27.6350318-9.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)437396-9.32 7842 9024.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products18322623.51 3741 56614.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9862-36.8786786-0.1
11 Beverages9761-36.9778771-0.9
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures11-34.481482.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 5641 74511.614 03514 8315.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw28280.3460306-33.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits01189.05744.6
23 Crude rubber2367.13128-10.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork30733810.02 9943 0692.5
25 Pulp and waste paper2192263.32 0992 1341.7
26 Textile fibres and their waste2423-2.4208171-17.9
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3643783.83 2333 2791.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap58470520.74 6875 54218.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials354220.1317295-7.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials31 59127 399-13.3369 722283 921-23.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes30-97.3603-94.6
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 79519 107-19.7219 133193 142-11.9
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation3 3593 250-3.341 38827 183-34.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured7 2147 8629.0146 86089 131-39.3
342 Liquefied propane and butane8091 01725.611 96910 551-11.8
35 Electric current579430-25.73 6681 645-55.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes19825930.91 9272 47828.6
41 Animal oils and fats12216232.31 0261 52248.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2040102.733438515.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed56572.55675710.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 4174 913-9.345 51644 664-1.9
51 Organic chemicals1 6911 439-14.913 46612 312-8.6
52 Inorganic chemicals6757338.66 1606 3282.7
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials15818215.81 4741 65112.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products571549-3.94 9655 3597.9
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc14116214.61 2931 4088.9
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms503486-3.44 3614 284-1.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms121118-1.91 0301 0875.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 5581 244-20.212 76712 235-4.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 9808 13416.565 38164 451-1.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins8917.7546520.3
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6057-5.15425878.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures14917114.61 2631 44014.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof484436-10.14 2733 769-11.8
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles13216324.01 2481 40012.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1671744.11 3521 318-2.6
67 Iron and steel1 1251 25711.811 6939 639-17.6
68 Non-ferrous metals4 1485 10723.138 71839 8192.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.7097617.46 2376 4132.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment8 6606 180-28.669 81762 294-10.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment749478-36.16 9295 459-21.2
72 Machinery for special industries1 022991-3.08 8718 8930.2
73 Metal working machinery5243-16.5483385-20.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 5451 310-15.212 84212 8660.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines29034619.02 2812 4879.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment51563122.44 7085 0858.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 1631 146-1.513 11111 004-16.1
78 Road vehicles7718368.56 6506 337-4.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 553400-84.413 9419 778-29.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 3632 5347.218 91819 3382.2
81 Prefabricated buildings1111218.71 0501 17812.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof25635137.32 0492 1816.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1210-17.012084-29.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories9782-15.7684557-18.6
85 Footwear1816-12.8164106-35.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 2371 2470.89 4228 869-5.9
88 Photographic and optical goods3317-48.3201187-6.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s60069115.25 2276 17518.1
 
9 Other commodities and transactions11012715.97301 06245.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00-37.311-33.2
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00229.621-65.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)10912715.97271 06145.9

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2019September 2020September 2019September 2020
1Figures for EU does not include Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total566 350557 877-1.5666 547573 904-13.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries113 739106 415-6.495 14193 606-1.6
EFTA7 4157 4220.16 3585 984-5.9
EU1344 062311 972-9.3533 039341 954-35.8
OECD352 213347 949-1.2541 836435 703-19.6
Developing countries107 345118 75410.655 85384 42251.2
LDC - least developed countries4 9894 780-4.21 4691 95933.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe372 919364 963-2.1548 559442 886-19.3
Belgium8 8988 9230.328 86421 114-26.9
Denmark32 63231 865-2.429 96823 640-21.1
Estonia4 5363 977-12.31 2201 211-0.7
Finland12 83212 620-1.710 2067 672-24.8
France18 47617 484-5.438 28028 175-26.4
Greece738631-14.51 2031 54528.4
Ireland3 2583 5057.65 1014 424-13.3
Iceland1 4951 451-2.94 1373 561-13.9
Italy17 68116 658-5.89 2108 449-8.3
Lithuania6 7947 84215.44 4505 21817.3
Netherlands21 29519 664-7.772 46061 067-15.7
Poland21 85920 774-5.016 02415 914-0.7
Portugal2 3132 221-4.04 4623 817-14.5
Romania3 6583 6640.269089029.0
Russia13 4619 607-28.62 3982 308-3.8
Slovakia2 4442 6187.1373355-4.8
Spain11 88413 24011.414 59310 620-27.2
United Kingdom27 68530 59910.5136 16897 445-28.4
Switzerland5 8735 9220.82 2182 4209.1
Sweden65 96659 837-9.350 34858 13615.5
Czech Republic6 3086 6014.61 5341 519-1.0
Turkey5 6296 68818.85 04410 03799.0
Germany61 40563 0382.7102 12765 812-35.6
Hungary2 4623 19129.6568543-4.4
Austria5 5994 497-19.72 0991 910-9.0
Other countires in Europe7 7387 8461.44 8145 0845.6
 
Asia105 224112 8317.257 71683 37844.5
Hong Kong783705-10.01 7011 184-30.4
India4 1393 964-4.22 6402 7684.8
Japan10 42211 3619.07 1815 674-21.0
China55 69965 40217.418 81545 413141.4
Malaysia2 3292 158-7.31 4351 393-2.9
Singapore2 3513 03929.34 2994 038-6.1
South Korea11 6686 124-47.57 1779 33630.1
Taiwan3 6783 7020.71 4341 5417.5
Thailand2 5912 561-1.22 1732 085-4.0
Vietnam4 8446 08225.61 3461 4507.7
Other countires in Asia6 7207 73315.19 5158 496-10.7
 
North and Central America63 24555 940-11.640 71831 286-23.2
Canada12 29913 4369.26 2904 850-22.9
United States47 08939 204-16.731 14423 640-24.1
Other countries in North- and Central-America3 8573 300-14.43 2842 796-61.0
 
South America13 19613 9916.04 6144 6310.4
Brazil8 8229 6849.83 1102 842-8.6
Chile1 1031 1342.87421 02538.1
Peru1 3731 122-18.36411681.3
Other countries in South-America1 8982 0518.1698648-7.2
 
Africa9 7048 904-8.213 2819 858-25.8
Angola1 4481 080-25.4343998191.0
Botswana13594-30.410-100.0
South Africa2 3011 645-28.51 490726-51.3
Other countires in Africa5 8206 0854.611 4478 134-28.9
 
Oceania2 0621 248-39.51 6581 86512.5
Australia1 707851-50.11 2551 60527.9
New Zealand35239411.9299204-31.8
Other countires in Oceania330.010456-46.2

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2019September 2020September 2019September 2020
1Figures for EU is without Great Britan from February 2020 on.
Total561 883552 647-1.6350 041325 633-7.0
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries112 925106 381-5.866 73662 549-6.3
EFTA7 3897 4020.26 1545 984-2.8
EU1343 082311 281-9.3228 022193 270-15.2
OECD350 412345 714-1.3237 680225 024-5.3
Developing countries105 717116 40710.151 70949 451-4.4
LDC - least developed countries4 9894 780-4.21 4691 93131.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe371 019362 728-2.2244 374231 897-5.1
Belgium8 8988 9230.311 8149 958-15.7
Denmark31 96431 860-0.323 37820 664-11.6
Estonia4 5363 977-12.31 2201 211-0.7
Finland12 83212 612-1.75 5966 1489.9
France18 47617 474-5.411 50310 838-5.8
Greece738631-14.57991 50288.0
Ireland3 2583 4626.34 1283 598-12.8
Iceland1 4701 430-2.73 9343 561-9.5
Italy17 66116 658-5.76 9016 397-7.3
Lithuania6 7887 82615.33 5974 15615.5
Netherlands21 29519 449-8.735 42534 824-1.7
Poland21 61820 379-5.713 91014 5824.8
Portugal2 3132 221-4.03 7483 541-5.5
Romania3 6583 6640.269089029.0
Russia13 4619 607-28.62 3772 231-6.1
Slovakia2 4442 6187.1373355-4.8
Spain11 88413 24011.49 7148 387-13.7
United Kingdom27 68330 51310.230 99528 145-9.2
Switzerland5 8735 9220.82 2182 4209.1
Sweden65 94559 837-9.333 34731 584-5.3
Czech Republic6 3086 6014.61 5341 519-1.0
Turkey4 8345 2528.65 0444 274-15.3
Germany61 38363 0382.724 65723 811-3.4
Hungary2 4623 19129.6568543-4.4
Austria5 5994 497-19.72 0991 910-9.0
Other countries in Europe7 6387 8462.74 8054 8480.9
 
Asia102 767109 8726.953 60151 660-3.6
Hong Kong783705-10.01 4041 109-21.0
India4 1393 964-4.22 0602 32813.0
Japan10 42211 1236.77 1815 674-21.0
China54 97665 18418.616 67317 0942.5
Malaysia2 3292 158-7.31 4351 393-2.9
Singapore1 9562 46225.94 1353 912-5.4
South Korea10 3284 855-53.06 7577 2226.9
Taiwan3 6783 7020.71 4341 5417.5
Thailand2 5912 561-1.22 1732 085-4.0
Vietnam4 8445 42512.01 3461 4507.7
Other countries in Asia6 7217 73315.19 0037 852-12.8
 
North and Central America63 13455 904-11.533 74026 485-21.5
Canada12 29913 4369.25 0932 733-46.3
United States47 08939 204-16.726 61721 532-19.1
Other countries in North and Central America3 7463 264-12.92 0302 2209.4
 
South America13 19613 9916.04 3424 3670.6
Brazil8 8229 6849.82 9462 842-3.5
Chile1 1031 1342.863476120.0
Peru1 3731 122-18.36411681.3
Other countries in South America1 8982 0518.1698648-7.2
 
Africa9 7048 904-8.212 3729 670-21.8
Angola1 4481 080-25.4343986187.5
Botswana13594-30.410-100.0
South Africa2 3011 645-28.5644566-12.1
Other countries in Africa5 8206 0854.611 3848 118-28.7
 
Oceania2 0621 248-39.51 6131 555-3.6
Australia1 707851-50.11 2551 3054.0
New Zealand35239411.9299204-31.8
Other countries in Oceania330.05946-22.0

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
September 2020
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2002 on.
Total557 87740 2499 97535 70325 8937 43058 75080 131217 52381 1631 061
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)1311 97224 0828 81113 24713 2472 96839 35652 815117 77538 6351 037
Nordic countries106 4158 6712 7397 0148 6221 74711 84020 98030 21613 627959
Developing countries118 7549 1641699 0254 6991 6093 56412 33348 23029 9528
Russia9 607875187712 5051 6771 3192 1821361221
India3 964621250228191 0894029780
Japan11 361831024304434 2965 7487540
China65 4028491194261 4897 81236 31818 7301
Singapore3 0391902011741472 3543440
South Korea6 12432025932363354 7747080
United States39 2048612162383 2945746 6811 87520 2945 1664
Canada13 4361951111 4408403071449263651
Brazil9 6842 69315 630733089226252527
South Africa1 6454303964101814104388100

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
September 2020
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total573 90480 08178614 831283 9212 47844 66464 45162 29419 3381 062
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)1341 95449 21740211 406170 7701 45021 94945 77431 6929 168127
Nordic countries93 60613 4922803 74541 2288766 97912 12810 6184 24219
Developing countries84 42210 171271 70742 15630012 7325 0209 7032 6070
Russia2 308575170241974648681261
India2 7681903138240675699166710
Japan5 6742 92217028828466007931520
China45 4132 8761680829 261196 8111 6043 3117080
Singapore4 0384207281222012271 9284380
South Korea9 3362 3042752 400314021 7421 7875920
United States23 6405 3522473252 3264583 3602 4596 3772 7360
Canada4 850578732 714242104476981690
Brazil2 842403245146435319622500
South Africa72615309216111748154280

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
September 2019September 2020September 2019 - September 2020So far this yearSeptember 2019 - September 2020
September 2019September 2020
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country37 65437 8350.5350 041325 633-7.0
 
County of production
Viken.2 570..25 219.
Østfold (-2019)1 321--100.012 841--100.0
Akershus (-2019)852--100.06 622--100.0
Telemark (-2019)2 161-65.017 348--100.0
Oslo60975724.35 6536 66317.9
Innlandet.1 140..8 165.
Hedmark (-2019)396--100.03 625--100.0
Oppland (-2019)664--100.05 458--100.0
Vestfold og Telemark.3 138..29 631.
Vestfold (-2019)1 480--100.016 832--100.0
Telemark (-2019)2 161--100.017 348--100.0
Agder.3 435..30 444.
Aust-Agder (-2019)267--100.02 478--100.0
Vest-Agder (-2019)3 162--100.026 595--100.0
Rogaland2 9443 0955.130 92828 300-8.5
Vestland.6 368..54 712.
Hordaland (-2019)5 213--100.057 351--100.0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)903--100.09 920--100.0
Møre og Romsdal3 7783 8872.933 21231 092-6.4
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 2222 2672.019 91821 5288.1
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 7552 7941.422 60021 742-3.8
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku.1 527..12 892.
Troms - Romsa (-2019)968--100.08 031--100.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)720--100.05 775--100.0
Svalbard3--100.0590-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 3661 3982.311 85310 158-14.3
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 1184 2072.237 58935 661-5.1
County not stated7671 25263.26 8529 42737.6

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
September 2020
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country37 8359 1288 2592 0044 81721 887
 
County of production1
Viken2 5702061224812 114
Oslo757572411658
Innlandet1 1402041512967
Vestfold og Telemark3 13828-855842 442
Agder3 43517849-3 369
Rogaland3 0955144082279371 416
Vestland6 3681 4481 3892622 6801 978
Møre og Romsdal3 8871 7251 5991241221 916
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 2671 4211 4071080738
Nordland2 7941 5511 420204-1 039
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 5271 4401 43821-66
Svalbard------
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 39852247136543377
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 207843439554 029
County not stated1 25294668011 076

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2019. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.