329918
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
329918
statistikk
2018-04-26T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants;Labour market and earnings
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffEmployment , Labour market and earnings, Unemployment , Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings
true

Labour force survey

Updated

Next update

Key figures

69,5 %

in the labour force

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
1st quarter 20181st quarter 2017 - 1st quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 770 00069.528 0000.2
Males1 468 00072.315 0000.4
Females1 302 00066.712 0000.1
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 660 00066.839 0000.6
Males1 404 00069.123 0000.7
Females1 256 00064.416 0000.4
 
Unemployed
Both sexes110 0004.0-12 000-0.4
Males65 0004.4-7 000-0.5
Females45 0003.5-5 000-0.4

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Persons, total
Both sexes3 9353 9663 9493 9563 9623 9703 9773 983
Males2 0092 0242 0162 0192 0222 0262 0302 032
Females1 9261 9421 9331 9371 9401 9431 9471 951
 
The labour force
Both sexes2 7692 7632 7452 7422 7812 7722 7582 770
Males1 4681 4621 4481 4531 4691 4661 4591 468
Females1 3011 3021 2961 2901 3121 3061 2991 302
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 6382 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
Males1 3881 3941 3781 3811 3971 4011 3961 404
Females1 2501 2531 2501 2401 2591 2571 2561 256
 
Unemployed
Both sexes131117116122126114105110
Males7968707272656365
Females5249465053494345
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Both sexes1 1661 2031 2051 2131 1811 1981 2191 213
Males541563568566553561571563
Females625640637647628637649649

Table 2 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Persons, total
Total3931363432302827
Males2015181716151413
Females1916181716151414
 
Labour force, total
In total5-6-15-241-131328
Males1-6-17-16-12-61115
Females412-712-7312
 
Employed persons
In total-19-6-4972439
Males-86-17-2161823
Females7311-391616
 
Unemployed
In total6-14-10-19-8-20-11-12
Males8-11-1-14-12-12-7-7
Females-2-3-9-44-8-3-5
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Total343752573143140
Males2022353328223-3
Females15151624422122

Table 3 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes70.469.769.569.370.269.869.369.5
Males73.172.271.871.972.672.371.972.3
Females67.667.067.166.667.767.266.766.7
 
Employed persons in per cent of the population
Both sexes67.066.766.666.267.067.066.766.8
Males69.168.868.468.469.169.168.869.1
Females64.964.564.764.064.964.764.564.4
 
Unemployed persons in per cent of the labour force
Both sexes4.74.24.24.44.54.13.84.0
Males5.44.64.84.94.94.44.34.4
Females4.03.83.63.94.13.83.33.5
 
Outside the labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes29.630.330.530.729.830.230.730.5
Males26.927.828.228.127.427.728.127.7
Females32.433.032.933.432.332.833.333.3

Table 4 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes2 7692 7632 7452 7422 7812 7722 7582 770
Males1 4681 4621 4481 4531 4691 4661 4591 468
Females1 3011 3021 2961 2901 3121 3061 2991 302
 
15-24 years
Both sexes369363354350370373358350
Males189188181184190194184181
Females180175173166180179174169
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 3542 3562 3462 3482 3652 3532 3562 374
Males1 2501 2451 2391 2401 2471 2431 2481 258
Females1 1041 1111 1071 1081 1181 1101 1081 115
 
Employed
15-74 years
Both sexes2 6382 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
Males1 3881 3941 3781 3811 3971 4011 3961 404
Females1 2501 2531 2501 2401 2591 2571 2561 256
 
15-24 years
Both sexes328324319311324335326320
Males165165161161164171165162
Females163158159150160163161157
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 2652 2782 2652 2662 2862 2782 2832 294
Males1 1951 2001 1901 1921 2021 2011 2041 213
Females1 0701 0791 0751 0741 0851 0771 0791 082

Table 5 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Persons in the labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes70.469.769.569.370.269.869.369.5
Males73.172.271.871.972.672.371.972.3
Females67.667.067.166.667.767.266.766.7
 
15-24 years
Both sexes55.354.553.052.455.656.254.052.8
Males54.854.652.553.155.456.553.652.8
Females55.854.453.551.655.955.954.452.7
 
25-66 years
Both sexes81.881.381.381.381.781.281.181.6
Males84.984.083.983.984.383.983.984.6
Females78.678.578.678.579.078.478.178.5
 
Employed persons
15-74 years
Both sexes67.066.766.666.267.067.066.766.8
Males69.168.868.468.469.169.168.869.1
Females64.964.564.764.064.964.764.564.4
 
15-24 years
Both sexes49.048.647.846.548.650.349.048.1
Males47.848.046.546.547.749.848.147.3
Females50.349.349.246.649.650.950.049.0
 
25-66 years
Both sexes78.778.778.578.479.078.678.678.9
Males81.181.080.680.781.381.081.081.5
Females76.276.276.376.176.676.076.176.1

Table 6 
Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
1Short part-time=1-19 working hours. Long part-time=20-36 working hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 or more hours, including the exceptions mentioned above.
15-74 years
Both sexes
Total3 9353 9663 9493 9563 9623 9703 9773 983
Employed persons2 6382 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
Short part-time331319323326314306331325
Long part-time347346345348355346336344
Full time1 9511 9721 9511 9371 9781 9971 9771 979
Not reported working hours8999109811
Unemployed persons131117116122126114105110
 
15-19 years
Both sexes
Total325322324324323322320322
Employed persons1041041009810411110499
Short part-time6362596166586462
Long part-time1310139111467
Full time2731282726383230
Not reported working hours11011221
Unemployed persons2120172025191513
 
20-24 years
Both sexes
Total343343344344342343344342
Employed persons224219219213219223222220
Short part-time7371747665667678
Long part-time3737353540363732
Full time11110910699112119107106
Not reported working hours32332324
Unemployed persons2020181922201817
 
25-54 years
Males
Total1 1081 1131 1101 1101 1121 1141 1161 116
Employed persons934938931933939939940943
Short part-time3534323433333733
Long part-time4550445250484955
Full time853852852846854856851853
Not reported working hours22212122
Unemployed persons4939424141363742
 
Females
Total1 0481 0551 0511 0531 0541 0561 0581 060
Employed persons844851849847855850852855
Short part-time8482858482808481
Long part-time167169167174170166167169
Full time592597595587600602599601
Not reported working hours22233213
Unemployed persons3129303130292731
 
55-66 years
Males
Total365368367367367368370372
Employed persons261262259260263262264269
Short part-time2017191716181819
Long part-time1716171615181617
Full time224228223227231226230233
Not reported working hours10001000
Unemployed persons76775573
 
Females
Total357360358358362360361362
Employed persons226228226227230227227227
Short part-time4036393936353434
Long part-time5653565257535255
Full time129138130135136139141138
Not reported working hours11111000
Unemployed persons33333423
 
67-74 years
Both sexes
Total390404395398402406408410
Employed persons4545444446454446
Short part-time1716151615161818
Long part-time121112111212910
Full time1717171718171616
Not reported working hours00001001
Unemployed persons00000000

Table 7 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
Total2 7692 7632 7452 7422 7812 7722 7582 770
15-19 years125124118118129130119113
20-24 years244239237232241243239238
25-29 years309305311304307307303309
30-39 years612614612610615614616619
40-54 years937938929938943934937943
55-66 years497499494496500498499503
67-74 years4545444446454446
 
Males
Total1 4681 4621 4481 4531 4691 4661 4591 468
15-19 years6162585963675856
20-24 years128126123125128127126125
25-29 years161158158156159159157157
30-39 years327326330325326325329333
40-54 years494492485493495491491496
55-66 years268268266267268267271273
67-74 years2829282931292729
 
Females
Total1 3011 3021 2961 2901 3121 3061 2991 302
15-19 years6462595966636156
20-24 years116113114107114116114113
25-29 years148147153148148148146152
30-39 years285287283285289288287286
40-54 years443446444446449443446447
55-66 years229230228229233231229230
67-74 years1716161515161617

Table 8 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
15-74 years70.469.769.569.370.269.869.369.5
15-19 years38.738.536.236.439.940.437.135.0
20-24 years71.069.668.967.570.571.069.669.4
25-29 years84.482.584.482.583.083.081.683.2
30-39 years87.787.187.586.987.487.087.087.2
40-54 years85.885.885.085.886.385.385.686.2
55-66 years68.868.568.268.468.768.468.368.5
67-74 years11.611.111.211.111.411.110.711.2
 
Males
15-74 years73.172.271.871.972.672.371.972.3
15-19 years36.537.035.035.137.740.335.034.0
20-24 years72.171.269.070.272.071.770.870.5
25-29 years86.683.784.483.284.484.482.882.9
30-39 years90.990.091.490.090.089.790.591.2
40-54 years88.087.686.387.688.187.287.388.3
55-66 years73.472.972.572.773.072.773.173.3
67-74 years14.814.514.514.615.614.313.714.2
 
Females
15-74 years67.667.067.166.667.767.266.766.7
15-19 years40.940.037.637.842.240.639.436.2
20-24 years69.968.068.764.568.870.368.368.3
25-29 years82.281.384.581.781.681.680.583.5
30-39 years84.383.983.383.784.684.083.382.9
40-54 years83.583.983.583.984.483.383.883.9
55-66 years64.164.063.964.064.464.163.463.6
67-74 years8.67.78.07.77.38.07.98.3

Table 9 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
1Part-time = 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 working hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 hours and over and the cases mentioned above.
Both sexes
Total2 6382 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
Part-time, total678665668674669652667670
Short part-time. 1-9 hours134126127126125116137137
Short part-time. 10-19 hours197193196200189190194188
Long part-time. 20-29 hours180182185184188179177185
Long part-time. 30-36 hours166164161164167167158160
Full time, total1 9511 9721 9511 9371 9781 9971 9771 979
Full time. 32-36 hours177173174167181175169168
Full-time. 37-44 hours1 5791 6061 5791 5801 6031 6261 6151 625
Full-time. 45 hours and more191189192185189192189181
Average contractual/usual working hours34.334.334.334.234.434.534.234.1
 
Males
Total1 3881 3941 3781 3811 3971 4011 3961 404
Part-time, total205204197207202200206208
Short part-time. 1-9 hours5047484946434847
Short part-time. 10-19 hours6666626563657067
Long part-time. 20-29 hours4949505351474654
Long part-time. 30-36 hours4042374042454241
Full time, total1 1801 1871 1781 1721 1911 1971 1871 190
Full time. 32-36 hours8381788084808182
Full-time. 37-44 hours947958950944959970958970
Full-time. 45 hours and more146145145144145145145135
Average contractual/usual working hours36.636.636.736.536.736.736.536.4
 
Females
Total1 2501 2531 2501 2401 2591 2571 2561 256
Part-time, total473462471467467453460461
Short part-time. 1-9 hours8379797778738890
Short part-time. 10-19 hours131128134135126125124121
Long part-time. 20-29 hours132133134132137133131131
Long part-time. 30-36 hours127122124124125122117119
Full time, total772786773766786800791789
Full time. 32-36 hours9492968797948886
Full-time. 37-44 hours631648629637644657656655
Full-time. 45 hours and more4544474145484446
Average contractual/usual working hours31.731.831.731.731.832.031.631.6

Table 10 
Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 000

Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
1
2The term employed here includes full-time employed persons, as well as part-time workers who consider the employment as their main activity.
15-74 years
Persons
Total3 9353 9663 9493 9563 9623 9703 9773 983
Part-time employees678665668674669652667670
Employed2
Total2 3892 4042 3882 3832 4122 4222 3982 404
Part-time employees438431438446435425421426
Attended school, studied
Total502513514526513490522521
Part-time employees152156151155158149161158
Homeworking
Total4940394042393940
Part-time employees74434645
Early retired/disabled
Total387382391376374384393381
Part-time employees2523242022242420
Retired
Total363387376384383389392395
Part-time employees1515141315161721
Other activities/Unspecified
Total245241240247237246233241
Part-time employees4236373934333940
 
15-19 years
Persons
Total325322324324323322320322
Part-time employees7672727077717068
Employed2
Total3539373534473937
Part-time employees88988966
Attended school, studied
Total269266270273272256263270
Part-time employees6058575562575656
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2018171617191815
Part-time employees86667576
 
20-24 years
Persons
Total343343344344342343344342
Part-time employees110108109112106102113110
Employed2
Total146143142136148151139138
Part-time employees3635363736333232
Attended school, studied
Total147155154161148149162155
Part-time employees6466656663617269
Homeworking
Total22122133
Part-time employees00000001
Other activities/Unspecified
Total4743474544414147
Part-time employees107876788
 
25-54 years
Persons
Total2 1552 1692 1612 1642 1662 1702 1742 176
Part-time employees330336329343335327337338
Employed2
Total1 7151 7211 7191 7151 7251 7221 7231 728
Part-time employees271272272282271263272273
Attended school, studied
Total8491879091849794
Part-time employees2832293233313233
Homeworking
Total3428272830272728
Part-time employees53223423
Early retired/disabled
Total163166169162161169171163
Part-time employees101098912129
Other activities/Unspecified
Total160163159167159169156163
Part-time employees1718161918181819
 
55-66 years
Persons
Total722728724726728728731734
Part-time employees134123131123124123120125
Employed2
Total462470461466473471470474
Part-time employees11010410810410610699103
Homeworking
Total12910991099
Part-time employees21211111
Early retired/disabled
Total195189191184187188195192
Part-time employees1412141112121111
Retired
Total2533343731323133
Part-time employees23223245
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2728283027272725
Part-time employees53553245
 
67-74 years
Persons
Total390404395398402406408410
Part-time employees2827272627282729
Employed2
Total3031303131302928
Part-time employees1313131413141211
Homeworking
Total11101111
Part-time employees00000000
Retired
Total337353342347352356359363
Part-time employees1312121013131215
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2119221819202019
Part-time employees21320122

Table 11 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
1
Total2 6382 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5656555857555454
05-09 Mining and quarrying5453494853555461
10-33 Manufacturing212210203209210211208203
35-39 Power and water supply, sew./remed.act.2932323430303330
41-43 Construction204210201206210212213216
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shops363358366361362359352347
49-53 Transportation and storage141134138128138135134129
55-56 Accomm. and food service act.7582737881828789
58-63 Information and communication97100981009810210299
64-66 Financial and insurance act.4650454548535355
68-75 Real estate, profess., scient. and tech.act.179177177177174179179184
77-82 Adm. and support service act.121122118116122125126128
84 Public administration and defence177183184182186181183185
85 Education225219231223218215219225
86-88 Human health and social work act.539540544537547541537540
90-99 Other service act.112114106109115115115114
Unspecified87996742

Table 12 
Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 000

Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
1The time series is not adjusted for alternating holidays.
00-99 Total2 0062 0162 0822 1622 0231 7992 0812 061
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5957585859565655
05-09 Mining and quarrying4443404343414548
10-33 Manufacturing178174176187178154178169
35-39 Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management2526283025232727
41-43 Construction168180175188180163189185
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4344464841394643
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles8986929585778787
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles128125139132124118127123
49-53 Transportation and storage118110120114113102110103
55-56 Acommodation and food service activities5256495556575856
58-63 Information and communication8184869384728688
64-66 Financial and insurance activities3842414042384746
68-75 Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities147146149166142125151154
77-82 Administrative and support service activities9088888989839193
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security147149162165149126156158
85 Education155154173179153123164170
86-88 Human health and social work activities362369382393376329380378
90-99 Other service activities7678728280708179

Table 13 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work83.883.887.089.586.572.986.286.9
Temporarily absent, total16.216.213.010.513.527.113.813.1
Illness3.33.43.53.63.23.13.64.2
Holiday8.08.34.82.55.420.25.13.8
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.51.41.41.21.51.11.71.6
Laid off0.10.10.10.10.00.00.10.1
Other reason/ unspecified3.23.13.23.23.32.63.33.4
 
Males
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work85.785.588.590.988.475.087.988.5
Temporarily absent, total14.314.511.59.111.625.012.111.5
Illness2.72.82.73.02.62.63.13.7
Holiday7.98.25.32.45.419.55.23.9
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.61.61.51.51.61.41.81.7
Laid off0.20.10.20.10.00.10.10.1
Other reason/ unspecified1.81.81.71.91.91.51.92.1
 
Females
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work81.781.885.387.984.570.684.385.2
Temporarily absent, total18.318.214.712.115.529.415.714.8
Illness4.04.04.34.33.83.84.34.7
Holiday8.18.54.22.55.321.04.93.7
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.41.21.30.71.50.81.71.5
Laid off0.10.00.10.00.00.00.00.0
Other reason/ unspecified4.74.54.84.54.93.84.94.8

Table 14 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
In total2 6382 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
At work2 2112 2172 2862 3452 2991 9382 2852 313
Temporarily absent, total427430342276357720367347
Illness87909196848496111
Holiday21122012764143536135102
Taking time off/ working time arrangement4037373041304642
Laid off42421112
Other reason/ unspecified8482848389698891
 
Males
In total1 3881 3941 3781 3811 3971 4011 3961 404
At work1 1901 1921 2201 2561 2351 0501 2271 242
Temporarily absent, total198202158125162351169162
Illness3739374236364351
Holiday1101147433762737355
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2322212123192524
Laid off31320112
Other reason/ unspecified2526242727212730
 
Females
In total1 2501 2531 2501 2401 2591 2571 2561 256
At work1 0211 0251 0671 0891 0648871 0581 070
Temporarily absent, total229228183151195370198186
Illness5051535448475359
Holiday1021065331672646247
Taking time off/ working time arrangement171516918102118
Laid off10100001
Other reason/ unspecified5957605661486161

Table 15 
Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week

Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week
Annual Average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Employed persons total
Both sexes
Total2 6382 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
Salaried employees2 4572 4712 4532 4442 4802 4802 4812 486
Self-employed176172171174173175169171
Family workers43424223
Males
Total1 3881 3941 3781 3811 3971 4011 3961 404
Salaried employees1 2631 2741 2601 2621 2771 2801 2781 286
Self-employed122118117117118119117116
Family workers21211111
Females
Total1 2501 2531 2501 2401 2591 2571 2561 256
Salaried employees1 1941 1971 1931 1821 2031 2001 2031 200
Self-employed5354545654565155
Family workers21212111
 
Employed persons at work
Both sexes
Total2 2112 2172 2872 3452 2981 9372 2862 312
Salaried employees2 0522 0632 1302 1842 1391 7982 1332 159
Self-employed155150153158156137150151
Family workers42324222
Males
Total1 1901 1921 2201 2561 2351 0501 2271 242
Salaried employees1 0801 0871 1141 1481 1269541 1221 137
Self-employed10810410510710795105104
Family workers21111111
Females
Total1 0211 0251 0661 0891 0648871 0581 070
Salaried employees9729761 0151 0361 0138441 0121 022
Self-employed4647495248424547
Family workers21212111
 
Man-weeks worked
Both sexes
Total2 0062 0162 0812 1622 0231 7992 0802 061
Salaried employees1 8451 8601 9221 9981 8631 6531 9281 910
Self-employed159154157163158145152151
Family workers21212111
Males
Total1 1671 1661 2041 2461 1671 0491 2041 188
Salaried employees1 0471 0531 0891 1281 0529421 0911 080
Self-employed119112115117114106112108
Family workers10101000
Females
Total839850876916856750876873
Salaried employees798807833869811711836830
Self-employed4042424644393942
Family workers11101011
 
Actual working hours per week
Both sexes
Total34.034.134.134.633.034.934.133.5
Salaried employees33.733.833.934.332.734.533.933.2
Self-employed38.738.538.438.637.939.637.937.3
Family workers15.614.918.011.219.112.014.114.4
Males
Total36.836.737.037.235.537.536.835.9
Salaried employees36.436.436.736.935.137.136.535.6
Self-employed41.340.741.141.139.841.940.339.1
Family workers16.113.226.08.119.216.07.410.5
Females
Total30.931.130.831.630.231.731.130.6
Salaried employees30.831.030.831.530.031.631.030.5
Self-employed32.533.532.533.333.834.532.533.5
Family workers15.216.113.314.119.08.518.418.6

Table 16 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Total215209203190213229202196
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing33213523
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply111311131116139
41-43 Construction108889988
45-47 Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2423211723262417
49-53 Transportation and storage685581088
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities10119811141111
58-63 Information and communication44544433
64-66 Financial and insurance activities11111111
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities2324222023252824
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security131214141413911
85 Education3128363129252832
86-88 Human health and social work activities6561595563675857
90-99 Other service activities131191011131011

Table 17 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Total8.88.48.37.88.69.28.27.9
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing11.29.17.33.210.516.86.010.8
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply3.94.63.84.43.95.54.53.3
41-43 Construction5.44.64.64.74.84.74.04.4
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shop7.06.65.95.06.67.57.25.2
49-53 Transportation and storage4.46.34.24.26.37.96.56.4
55-56 Accomommodation and food service activities14.714.213.110.914.818.213.012.6
58-63 Information and communication4.54.15.24.24.64.43.33.5
64-66 Financial and insurance activities1.82.02.12.61.51.91.91.9
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities8.48.98.27.78.59.29.98.6
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security7.56.87.87.77.86.94.85.8
85 Education13.913.215.814.013.811.813.114.6
86-88 Human health and social work activities12.511.711.210.712.012.911.211.0
90-99 Other service activities14.112.110.312.011.813.910.711.6

Table 18 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Unemployed
Both sexes
In total131117116122126114105110
15-24 years4239353947393331
25-54 years8068727271666473
55-74 years10910108987
Males
In total7968707272656365
15-24 years2423212327231919
25-54 years4939424141363742
55-74 years76785673
Females
In total5249465053494345
15-24 years1817141620161412
25-54 years3129303130292731
55-74 years33333423
 
Unemployed as per cent of the labour force
Both sexes
In total4.74.24.24.44.54.13.84.0
15-24 years11.310.89.911.212.610.49.18.8
25-54 years4.33.73.93.93.83.53.53.9
55-74 years1.81.71.81.91.51.71.51.2
Males
In total5.44.64.84.94.94.44.34.4
15-24 years12.812.111.512.513.911.910.210.5
25-54 years4.94.04.34.24.13.73.84.3
55-74 years2.32.12.42.61.81.92.21.2
Females
In total4.03.83.63.94.13.83.33.5
15-24 years9.89.48.19.711.28.98.06.9
25-54 years3.53.43.43.63.43.33.13.5
55-74 years1.31.11.11.11.21.60.71.3

Table 19 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Total131117116122126114105110
1-4 weeks2524212824261823
5-13 weeks2724242425222522
14-26 weeks2218191922151718
27-39 weeks75546544
40-52 weeks2318201620191717
53 weeks and over1516151913151814
 
Total100100100100100100100100
1-4 weeks1921182319231721
5-13 weeks2121212020192420
14-26 weeks1715161617131616
27-39 weeks54435444
40-52 weeks1815171316171615
53 weeks and over1114131610131713
 
Average duration (weeks)30.531.531.131.529.731.933.331.0

Table 20 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Total131117116122126114105110
Home working22222121
Attended school, studied3131262940302323
Unemployed8775807973737479
Other activities/Unspecified1110912101068

Table 21 
Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
1Includes the number of man-weeks desired by the unemployed persons and the desired man-weeks minus the present man-weeks of the underemployed persons
Both sexes
Unemployed persons
Total131117116122126114105110
1-19 hours2021192418241719
20-36 hours3024222235221920
37 hours or more8172747672687072
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3232323232313332
Number of man-weeks desired11399100103106959295
Underemployed persons
Total7661756758605963
1-19 hours54353256
20-36 hours2724292721262225
37 hours or more4333443634323132
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434343434343333
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks2923282521222223
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total1142122128128127117114118
 
Males
Unemployed persons
Total7968707272656365
1-19 hours99121141289
20-36 hours141289211069
37 hours or more5647505148434847
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3433333333323434
Number of man-weeks desired7160626364565759
Underemployed persons
Total2518222117161821
1-19 hours21121123
20-36 hours75674445
37 hours or more1712151312111313
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434343435343433
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks118998789
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total18268717272636568
 
Women
Unemployed persons
Total5249465053494345
1-19 hours11128121413911
20-36 hours1613151214121211
37 hours or more2524242625252224
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3030313030303130
Number of man-weeks desired4139384042393537
Underemployed persons
Total5143534641444042
1-19 hours32132233
20-36 hours2119232016211920
37 hours or more2721292323211919
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434343334343333
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1815191613161414
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total15954575655554951

Table 22 
Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000

Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
Total2 6372 6472 6282 6212 6562 6582 6522 660
Østfold131132130129133133132134
Akershus314317315311319321318311
Oslo365367364367366365370373
Hedmark9697989597979996
Oppland9190919092898893
Buskerud138137137139136137138136
Vestfold120123120122125123123125
Telemark8082808083838280
Aust-Agder5253525254535454
Vest-Agder8687888787888787
Rogaland243237234233239239237238
Hordaland271266271261268268266268
Sogn og Fjordane5556525657565758
Møre og Romsdal127131128129132130132132
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1601641611641631651650
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)696771686966670
Nordland118117115117118119116121
Troms - Romsa8685858683868584
Finnmark - Finnmárku3737363536383837
 
Males
Total1 3881 3941 3781 3811 3971 4011 3961 404
Østfold7070697071707072
Akershus165167168166167166168166
Oslo187189186188188189192193
Hedmark4951515150515151
Oppland4846474648464446
Buskerud7273707372747574
Vestfold6365646465656565
Telemark4244424344464443
Aust-Agder2728262628282928
Vest-Agder4345454345464647
Rogaland134129129127130132128127
Hordaland142138140138140138137139
Sogn og Fjordane2930282931303131
Møre og Romsdal6968696969686669
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)838783868588880
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)393739373835360
Nordland6061606162626063
Troms - Romsa4545444444464645
Finnmark - Finnmárku1920191819212121
 
Females
Total1 2501 2531 2501 2401 2591 2571 2561 256
Østfold6162605962636262
Akershus149150147145151155150145
Oslo177178179179178176178180
Hedmark4646474447464846
Oppland4344454444444546
Buskerud6664666664626362
Vestfold5758575860585859
Telemark3838383739373737
Aust-Agder2526252527252526
Vest-Agder4342444442424140
Rogaland109108105106108108109112
Hordaland129128130123128130129129
Sogn og Fjordane2526242726262627
Møre og Romsdal5862595963626563
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)787878787877770
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)303132313031310
Nordland5756565656585558
Troms - Romsa4040414239403939
Finnmark - Finnmárku1717171717171716

Table 23 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group
Annual average4th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
Total67.066.766.666.367.067.066.766.8
Østfold60.357.758.757.458.057.957.458.9
Akershus69.469.069.268.469.569.568.867.9
Oslo71.871.471.471.571.670.971.471.2
Hedmark63.764.564.863.864.564.465.164.5
Oppland65.564.565.564.165.964.263.965.7
Buskerud66.366.766.367.166.966.566.565.2
Vestfold64.266.064.165.766.166.365.966.7
Telemark61.363.761.461.464.564.964.262.0
Aust-Agder60.660.961.260.461.860.860.860.8
Vest-Agder63.462.465.062.863.061.662.361.7
Rogaland69.368.166.466.568.569.368.268.7
Hordaland68.868.168.667.068.868.867.869.1
Sogn og Fjordane67.870.466.870.470.770.370.270.8
Møre og Romsdal66.866.365.965.167.365.767.366.3
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)67.467.667.268.167.267.667.40.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)67.867.269.267.268.466.366.90.0
Nordland63.964.062.763.363.566.263.365.9
Troms - Romsa67.967.367.468.166.366.668.267.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku66.764.264.863.363.066.264.164.2
 
Males
Total69.168.968.468.469.169.168.869.1
Østfold62.761.361.461.461.461.660.863.7
Akershus71.772.072.071.972.271.572.371.6
Oslo73.672.973.073.072.972.673.273.0
Hedmark66.167.067.867.866.867.266.366.7
Oppland65.964.565.164.168.063.962.264.8
Buskerud68.069.366.067.668.970.270.568.9
Vestfold66.868.967.969.968.268.768.669.7
Telemark65.868.165.265.668.170.368.665.5
Aust-Agder64.461.963.260.862.461.962.260.4
Vest-Agder65.065.167.664.165.065.266.266.8
Rogaland72.671.269.269.171.673.171.270.3
Hordaland69.868.568.868.869.468.567.369.7
Sogn og Fjordane71.971.771.271.873.171.570.371.0
Møre og Romsdal69.167.768.467.469.266.767.467.2
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)68.969.868.770.568.870.169.70.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)72.170.170.868.872.468.770.50.0
Nordland63.564.762.463.064.567.164.267.0
Troms - Romsa69.869.867.670.168.569.171.670.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku65.765.566.061.962.470.167.567.1
 
Females
Total64.964.564.764.064.964.764.564.4
Østfold57.854.155.853.354.654.354.154.2
Akershus67.066.166.364.866.767.565.364.1
Oslo69.969.869.769.970.269.269.769.4
Hedmark61.361.961.759.762.361.764.062.1
Oppland65.164.565.964.263.864.565.666.7
Buskerud64.664.066.666.664.762.762.361.3
Vestfold61.563.160.361.763.963.963.063.8
Telemark57.059.257.757.260.859.259.658.4
Aust-Agder56.960.059.359.961.259.559.261.3
Vest-Agder61.959.862.461.561.158.258.556.6
Rogaland65.764.763.263.765.165.065.167.0
Hordaland67.667.768.465.268.169.168.468.4
Sogn og Fjordane63.768.962.368.968.068.970.070.5
Møre og Romsdal64.364.963.362.665.364.667.265.4
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)65.865.365.765.765.665.064.90.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)62.964.067.565.363.963.763.10.0
Nordland64.363.463.063.562.465.362.264.7
Troms - Romsa66.064.767.166.264.064.064.663.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku67.762.663.464.963.861.860.260.7

Table 24 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent
20162017
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
1. Managers7.89.26.28.510.06.9
2. Professionals26.820.833.627.121.033.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals16.618.514.416.217.814.4
4. Clerical support workers5.84.57.35.64.76.5
5. Service and sales workers20.612.629.521.012.830.0
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers1.92.71.01.92.70.9
7. Craft and related trades workers9.316.91.09.216.70.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers5.99.71.65.89.61.6
0,9. Other occupations5.35.15.44.84.65.0

Table 25 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000
20162017
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6381 3881 2502 6471 3941 253
1. Managers2051277822513986
2. Professionals708288420717293424
3. Technicians and associate professionals437257180428248180
4. Clerical support workers15462911476682
5. Service and sales workers544175369555179376
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers503812493811
7. Craft and related trades workers2462341224423311
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1551352015413420
0,9. Other occupations13971681276463

Table 26 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000
2017
All sectorsPrivate sector and public enterprisesPublic sector
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6471 3941 2531 7871 124663843260583
1. Managers2251398617511857502129
2. Professionals717293424317183134399109289
3. Technicians and associate professionals428248180328206122974057
4. Clerical support workers1476682125606521516
5. Service and sales workers55517937633612720921550165
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers493811483711211
7. Craft and related trades workers2442331123622710651
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541342014913019431
0,9. Other occupations1276463743737502524

Table 27 
Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000
2017
In total1. Managers2. Professionals3. Technicians and associate professionals4. Clerical support workers5. Service and sales workers6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers7. Craft and related trades workers8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers0,9. Other occupations
00-99 All industries2 64722571742814755549244154127
01-02 Agriculture and forestry410010134121
03 Fishing15112009001
05-09 Oil and gas extraction, mining and quarrying53413143007101
10-33 Manufacturing210271943145050465
35-39 Electricity, gas, water supply32278220424
41-43 Construction21014922931121228
45-47 Domestic trade3585216533415903347
49-53 Transport and storage1341062124903556
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities82101354901210
58-63 Information and communication100126217340102
64-66 Financial and insurance activities5061032100000
68-82 Real estate, tech.adm service3002094762333316529
84 Public administration and defence18323733891203125
85 Education2191116474260006
86-88 Human health and social work activities5401921166921901114
90-99 Other service activities1141329257311225

Table 28 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average
2017
TotalPart-timePercent Part-timeFull-timePercent Full-timeAverage working hours per week
Both sexes
In total2 64766525.11 97274.534.3
1. Managers225135.921294.039.1
2. Professionals71713619.057980.835.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals4287016.435783.535.6
4. Clerical support workers1474128.210571.632.9
5. Service and sales workers55530655.124644.227.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers491223.33876.140.1
7. Craft and related trades workers244156.022993.837.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1542013.313386.437.6
0,9. Other occupations1275241.17458.330.1
 
Males
In total1 39420414.61 18785.136.6
1. Managers13974.713295.240.0
2. Professionals2933211.126088.837.3
3. Technicians and associate professionals2482610.722189.237.0
4. Clerical support workers661319.75380.134.3
5. Service and sales workers1797441.610357.730.2
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers38820.03079.541.8
7. Craft and related trades workers233125.222194.738.1
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1341511.111988.737.9
0,9. Other occupations641625.34773.933.9
 
Females
In total1 25346236.978662.731.8
1. Managers8677.87992.037.8
2. Professionals42410424.531975.234.7
3. Technicians and associate professionals1804424.213675.633.8
4. Clerical support workers822834.95364.831.7
5. Service and sales workers37623161.514237.826.7
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers11434.4764.934.6
7. Craft and related trades workers11324.0876.034.1
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers20627.71470.835.3
0,9. Other occupations633657.12642.326.3

About the statistics

The purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to provide information on the development in employment and unemployment, and on the relationship to the labour market for different groups. The statistics are published quarterly, normally 4 weeks after the end of the quarter.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages. Persons laid off 100 per cent with a continuous duration of until three months are defined as employed, temporarily absent.

Unemployed persons are persons who were not employed in the reference week, but who had been seeking work during the preceding four weeks, and were available for work in the reference week or within the next two weeks (in 1996-2005 one should be available within two weeks following the time of interview, and until 1996 one should be able to start working in the reference week). Persons laid off 100 per cent are defined as unemployed after three continuous months of leave.

Persons in the labour force are either employed or unemployed. The remaining group of persons is labelled not in the labour force .

Man-hours worked include all actual working hours, i.e. including overtime and excluding absence from work. Persons absent from work are not included in the calculation of actual working hours per week (in average) .

Contractual/usual working hours refer to the weekly number of working hours determined by the working contract. Absence from work because of illness, holidays etc. is not subtracted, and overtime is not included. Employees, whose contractual working hours vary from week to week, give information on both the actual reference week as well as the average of their contractual working hours per week (in the tables published the average numbers are normally used). For employees without contract on working hours, for self-employed and for unpaid family workers, data on their usual weekly working hours are used (as an average of their actual working hours during the last 4 weeks).

Full-time/part-time distinction is based on the contractual/usual working hours. Part-time: 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed.

Full-time: 37 hours and over, and the cases mentioned above. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized.

Overtime

Overtime is defined as working hours which exceed the contractual working hours for full-time employees, conducted during a specified reference week. The overtime may be compensated by payment or by time off, or be without any compensation. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter. 

A major revision of the LFS in 2006 led to a significant break in the time-series for overtime, i.e. lower estimates than published earlier. This was mostly due to changes in the questionnaire concerning working time.

Statistics on overtime include employees working full-time only. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized in order to classify them as either part- or full-time workers, as in LFS statistics generally.

For those with more jobs, overtime hours in the main job only are included. By calculating the overtime hours as a share of the total number of man-hours worked among full-time employees, the working hours in the second job are, however, included in the denominator. Persons temporarily absent from work are included in the denominator while calculating the share of employees working overtime, mainly to avoid seasonal variations.

Employees who just had an occasional job in the reference week, and on-call workers, are not asked about overtime, but they are included in the denominator if they were full-time employed in the reference week.

As from 2007 imputation is used concerning the overtime variables in case of proxy interviews and partial non-response.

Involuntary part-time employment comprises part-time employed persons seeking longer contractual/usual working hours by registering at the Employment Offices, advertising, contacting present employer etc., and who were able to start with increased working hours within a month.

Permanence of the job

The employees are asked whether they have a permanent job (a work contract of unlimited duration) or a temporary job (a work contract of limited duration). If the person has more than one job, only the main job is classified by permanence.

There are two kinds of working arrangements outside ordinary hours (Monday to Friday from 6 am to 6 pm).

  • Shift work is usually understood as working time outside normally working hours. What counts in the survey as shift work is based on the evaluation of the respondent. For respondents who have not answered the question on shift work, the value is imputed based on the answers they have given with regard to evening, night, Saturday and Sunday work.
  • Work outside ordinary hours, not shift work. This refers to work on evenings, nights, Saturdays and Sundays which is not shift work. Evening work is defined as work between 6 pm and 10 pm. Night work is between 10 pm and 6 am. Respondents who report that they work on one or more of these working time schedules outside ordinary hours are also asked about the frequency of this kind of work during a four week period. This is done for each of the working time schedule separately. Based on this, the work outside regularly hours is divided into the categories "regularly" or "sometimes". For evening and night work, the respondent must have this kind of work on at least half of their working days in the four week period to be defined as having regularly evening work and/or regularly night work. For work on weekends, they must work 2-4 Saturdays and/or 2-4 Sundays during the four week period to be defined as having regularly Saturday and/or Sunday work. The respondents who have these kinds of working schedules, but more seldom than indicated above, are defined as sometimes having this kind of work.

Working hour arrangements outside ordinary daytime are based on the contract for the employees, and on usual working time pattern for the self-employed. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter, but only for ¼ of the sample, and the results are published once a year: Labour force survey. Patterns of working time.

Course participation refers to job related courses which the respondent was paid to attend. Only courses received during a period of four weeks are included. Up to 2006 these questions were asked only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter to the whole sample. Labour force survey. Education and training.

As from 2006 the definition of age was changed from completed years at the end of the year to completed years at the time of the reference week.

The persons are classified by marital status as unmarried, married and previously married according to information given by the respondents. Previously married includes widows, widowers, separated and divorced persons. In the tables married women include cohabitants.

Immigrants are defined as persons born abroad by foreign-born parents who have emigrated toNorway. In statistics based on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) they are divided in two groups by country of birth:

1) Immigrants from EU/EFTA-countries,North-America,AustraliaandNew Zealand. 

2) Immigrants from Eastern Europe except EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08). The Norwegian standard has been named STYRK-08 (Notater 17/2011). 

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NOS C617).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Labour force survey
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for labour market and wage statistics

Regional level

County and the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annual, but monthly publishing of some key figures seasonally adjusted (averages of the last 3 months). Quarterly figures are normally published 5 weeks after the end of the quarter.

International reporting

The quarterly data files are sent to Eurostat. Tables are sent each month/quarter/year to Eurostat, OECD, ILO and IMF, as well as to the Nordic Yearbook.

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the survey is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Users and applications

The surveys give information to the Labour Market Authorities and other users about the situation on the labour market, and provide data for labour force research and forecasts, as well as for international organizations and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

The results from the LFS are used in the National Accounts Statistics.

For statistics at regional levels (counties and municipalities), the Registerbased Employment Statistics are recommended. These statistics also give figures on employees who are immigrants.

Statistics Norway also produces statistics on selected industries based on data from the establishments, containing figures on employment, compensation of employees, value of production and capital formation etc. These statistics contain more detailed information about each industry than it is possible to give from the LFS and the National Accounts Statistics.

Statistics on unemployed persons at the Employment Offices and government measures to promote employment are compiled by NAV on the basis of registers of unemployed persons and applicants for work.

The figures on unemployment based on the LFS differ from the figures on unemployed persons registered at the Employment Offices. The LFS-figures also include unemployed persons not registered at the Employment Offices, some of the participants in government measures to promote employment and some of the disabled persons. On the other hand, some of the registered unemployed are not classified as unemployed in the LFS, on the basis of the information given on seeking and availability for work. As from 2006 persons on lay-off (until 3 months) are no longer classified as unemployed, but as employed persons (temporarily absent from work) in the LFS, while they still are classified as unemployed in the registerbased statistics. However, if the period of lay-off exceeds 3 months, they are classified as unemployed in the LFS as well.

The Population and Housing Censuses (each 10th year) give statistics on employment during the last 12 months, in addition to the situation in a specified reference week. As from 2001 onwards employment data based on administrative registers are used. Statistics on labour conflicts and working days lost are compiled by Statistics Norway on the basis of information supplied mostly by the labour and employers's organizations. The Surveys of Level of Living (by Statistics Norway) give information on physical working environment as well as organizational working conditions.

The main source to describe the situation for the immigrants on the labour market is the registerbased statistics on employment and unemployment. By using data from the LFS as a supplement we will achieve still more information regarding this group, for example on actual and desired working hours, temporary employment and patterns of working time. Moreover the LFS has more data than the registers on job seeking and desire for work.

The main problem using the LFS for statistics on immigrants is the size of the sample and the statistical uncertainty. The group of immigrants in Norway is rather heterogeneous regarding their situation on the labour market, and therefore it is required to divide among at least two groups in the presentation of statistics. A further dividing by other variables will require long time-series in order to draw any conclusions.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006 the group was 16-74, and age defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Interview by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information).

The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

As the data collection is made by use of computer-assisted interviews, some procedures for electronic control of the registration of answers are included in the questionnaire, for example concerning the number of working hours during the reference week. In some cases the interviewers become a "warning" by recording an answer, in other cases maximum or minimum values have been set beforehand.

The analysis unit is person. The absolute numbers from the LFS are presented in the form of estimated total for the entire population aged 15-74. The weights or inflation factors vary, but have an average of about 195 for quarterly figures in 2017.

 The estimation method uses more demographic data and register information relevant to the connection to the labour market in order to minimize standard errors and correct more for bias in the response sample in LFS since the nonresponse is not random. New method was launched in April 2018, is also used on LFS data back to 2006 to get the most comparable time series.

The estimation method in LFS is done in several stages, and are called multiple model calibration (MMK). Initially, the main labor market status of LFS, which is employed, unemployed, outside the workforce, are modeled consistent with a multinomial logit model, explained with a number of register variables known to all in the population. The register information are registered completely unemployed, on measures and persons with disabilities at NAV, register information on disability pensioners, education level, marital status, family size and immigrant category, country of origin, gender and age, residence, and information from the A scheme and the Tax Recovery Register. The model provides predictive probabilities every month for each main labor market status in LFS for everybody in the population.

The monthly weights in LFS are calibrated using these predicted probabilities and some register variables directly[1]. This means that the weights also become consistent with the population for the number in the population register by gender, different age groups and region, as well as consistent weights for the number of full / part-time wage earners by gender and registered employed (yes/no) cross classified by immigrants in 2 groups.

Multiple model calibration provides some variance reduction, utilizing more efficiently that we have available good help information about everyone in the population from various registries that Statistics Norway has linked.

The initial weights before calibration are the ratio of the number of people in the population to the gross sample per. county (NUTS3), and takes into account that people in different counties have different probabilities of being selected to LFS sample.

For more detailed technical information about the new estimation method, please see Documents 2018/16 [https://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/artikler-og-publikasjoner/new-estimation-methodology-for-the-norwegian-labour-force-survey]

Week-proportional weighting of the months in quarterly averages

LFS have continuous data collection. In order for all reference weeks to weighted evenly in quarterly averages, we now make week-proportional adjustment of monthly weights in our quarterly averages. That is, the monthly weights are multiplied by 4/13 or 5/13 depending on whether the months in the LFS contain respectively 4 or 5 whole weeks. Weekly proportional weighting of quarterly average has been made on all quarterly figures in our StatBank back to 2006. Before that is the even adjustment off all monthly weights was used, i.e. multiplied by 1/3 for all months.



[1]That the weights are consistent for a register variable, such as gender, means that the sum of the weights in the responses in the LFS equals the number of the population for each category of the register variable, such as the number of men and the number of women in the population

Seasonal adjustment

Quarterly figures from LFS are not seasonally adjusted

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

New estimation method published in April 2018 uses more registers that will reduce nonresponse bias and sample uncertainty. This leads to a slightly lower level of employed and almost correspondingly higher levels for people outside the workforce than the previous method. The total number of unemployed changes only a little. To get the most comparable figures, the time series are revised back to 2006 in our StatBank. However, the adjustments vary slightly between groups and over time.

Breaks in the series up to 2001 are described in the publication Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The concepts in LFS are defined in accordance with international recommendations, cf item 4.1, to ensure comparability among the countries.

As from 2006 the LFS was revised, mainly to be in accordance with the EU-requirements based on new ILO recommendations. Some definitions and parts of the questionnaire were changed, and some new variables were added. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week, instead of completed years at the end of the year, as earlier. Moreover the lower age limit to be covered by the survey was lowered from 16 to 15, in accordance with the surveys in other countries.

These changes from 2006 led to breaks in the time-series for the LFS estimates. The revised survey gives some lower estimates for unemployment (1 000 persons as an annual average for 2006) and some higher estimates for employment (8 000 in 2006). A break in the time series also occured for the estimates of actual working hours per week and man-hours worked. For more information, please cf. http://www.ssb.no/aku_en/. Quarterly data for 2006 are published according to both the revised and the unrevised LFS, in order to improve the comparability for the figures between 2006 and 2005. The breaks in the time-series were most significant for figures divided by age groups.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data. The use of proxy interviews (asking near family members instead of the observation unit) often increase the problems of measurement. As an average the employment is underestimated because of proxy interviews.

The size of the nonresponse as a percentage of the gross sample has varied widely since the LFS began in 1972. The 20 first years were generally around 10-12 percent. In the years 1992-1997 it was particularly low, only 6-8 percent. Subsequently, the nonresponse rate gradually increased to 21 per cent in 2013. After systematic work,  the nonresponse has been reduced to around 16 per cent in 2017.

 Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

Variance

The standard error for the quarterly average for the number of unemployed aged 15-74 is around 4600 in 2017. It corresponds to a coefficient of variation of 3.9 per cent. The standard error for the quarterly average for the number of employed aged 15-74 in LFS is about 8600 people in 2017. The coefficient of variation for employment figures will then be around 0.29 percent. More calculations will later be published in our StatBank.

If the reader wants an indication of the size of the standard error for quarterly figures and annual averages for other variables or group divisions, see the table below. These indications are only guiding, and can not be interpreted as precise calculations for any variable. Changes between two surveys will usually have the same absolute uncertainty as the two figures which are compared.

 

 

Indication of the standard error for other variables than in StatBank table 09937 and 09938

 
 

Quarterly figures

 

Annual averages

 

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

 
           

5 000

800

16,0

500

10,0

 

7 000

900

12,9

600

8,6

 

10 000

1 100

11,0

700

7,0

 

20 000

1 600

8,0

1 100

5,5

 

30 000

1 900

6,3

1 300

4,3

 

40 000

2 200

5,5

1 500

3,8

 

50 000

2 500

5,0

1 700

3,4

 

60 000

2 700

4,5

1 800

3,0

 

70 000

2 900

4,1

1 900

2,7

 

100 000

3 500

3,5

2 300

2,3

 

200 000

4 800

2,4

3 200

1,6

 

300 000

5 800

1,9

3 900

1,3

 

400 000

6 600

1,7

4 400

1,1

 

500 000

7 200

1,4

4 800

1,0

 

1 000 000

9 100

0,9

6 100

0,6

 

1 700 000

9 600

0,6

6 400

0,4

 

2 000 000

9 100

0,5

6 100

0,3

 

Revision

Not relevant

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