Updated: 6 January 2022

Next update: Not yet determined

Number of establishments
Number of establishments
629 953

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

Establishments by size and economic activity
Establishments by size and economic activity
Total number of establishmentsNo one employeed1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
All industries629 953423 839102 86241 10930 22921 5166 5952 915888
Agriculture, forestry and fishing64 57557 5325 63569242123349130
Mining and quarrying1 695947244125127104514849
Manufacture22 55512 8573 9061 8581 6051 387524312106
Electricity, gas and steam2 0421 18331717816612647196
Water supply, sewerage, waste2 3721 20938925424720252172
Construction71 37144 91215 1395 0313 3602 16754917835
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles72 84931 82716 25013 0768 1312 92447813033
Transportation and storage29 22119 5435 6021 6501 12180928415458
Accommodation and food service activities18 0087 4994 0212 8132 2421 159221476
Information and communication26 09617 7765 0841 19795470522311245
Financial and insurance activities4 9752 7411 122422300229755828
Real estate activities63 20555 0696 6269604021231690
Professional, scientific and technical activities67 91747 84514 0502 9161 80391623211045
Administrative and support service activities29 41020 2724 8451 5531 08194840922676
Public administration and defence: compulsory social security4 744502931740873928374284112
Education20 04513 0361 9758639581 7031 11432175
Human health and social work activities57 32131 1508 4074 1045 0845 9081 673800195
Arts, entertainment and recreation30 81625 9552 5258376826131425012
Personal service activities23 75515 5895 2581 79666833082275
Households as employers activities17151100000
Extraterritorial organisations and bodies1004321000
Unspecified16 95416 3805314021000
Explanation of symbols
Establishments, by size and county. 1st January
Establishments, by size and county. 1st January
All size groupsNo one employeed1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
The whole country629 953423 839102 86241 10930 22921 5166 5952 915888
Viken138 65494 39723 3688 4106 0654 2901 370593161
Oslo100 45971 46114 8085 3254 0532 8791 051603279
Innlandet47 89332 7857 4303 2572 2441 54343616731
Vestfold og Telemark48 88732 7218 3383 1592 3111 64748718539
Agder36 19324 0836 0842 4681 7781 21838814232
Rogaland50 37133 4798 0953 3902 4841 95856830493
Vestland69 92946 50011 3494 7453 5392 587782316111
Møre og Romsdal29 54718 9604 8302 3221 6691 27732913525
Trøndelag53 20435 9108 2023 5882 6781 88961425271
Nordland26 80216 5394 9122 1791 7181 04727410528
Troms og Finnmark28 01417 0045 4462 2661 6901 18129611318
Explanation of symbols
Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector
Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector
Sum all sectorsGeneral governmentFinancial corporationsNon-financial corporationsHouseholds and non-profit institutionsUnspecified sector/others
The whole country629 95328 7844 985327 569268 53481
Viken138 6544 98393070 54562 17719
Oslo100 4591 9951 49355 20941 72636
Innlandet47 8932 71623720 47124 4663
Vestfold og Telemark48 8872 23928325 27921 0824
Agder36 1931 79021119 73214 4582
Rogaland50 3712 17839927 45220 3375
Vestland69 9293 56953737 15928 6622
Møre og Romsdal29 5471 89422715 92111 5041
Trøndelag53 2042 87138926 31723 6243
Nordland26 8022 19614414 6499 8130
Troms og Finnmark28 0142 35313514 83510 6856
Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The statistics shows active firms as of 1 January, New establishments are included in the statistics when we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that are not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.


Establishment is defined as a locally delimited functional unit which mainly operates within a particular industry group (Standard Industrial Classification).

Employees / Wage earners

Number of employees / wage earners are derived from the A-scheme from 2015. An employees is a person who works in another person's establishment for wages. Employers are obliged to submit monthly reports to all who receive salaries. It also made exceptions for certain types of employment where the employer does not have the usual authority to instruct the receiving salaries.

Standard for Industrial Classification SN2007, based on the EU's standards NACE Rev. 1.

Name: Establishments

Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Not yet determined

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Until the fourth quarter of 2008, every quarter the number of establishments in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) by the beginning of the quarter was published. From January 2009 the statistic is published once a year, by the beginning of the first quarter.

When these figures were published for the first time, they were by the 1st in the last month in the quarter (1st of June 2002).

Figures by the fourth quarter in 2003 were first published in the Statistics Bank as figures by the end of the third quarter.

Not relevant

Micro data, information about sampled units and population are temporarily stored in the program language SAS and in long term as text files.

First published in July 2002.

The public, public authorities, research institutions and industry use the statistics.

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

The figures for level that are presented will deviate from the number of legal units in the ER, and may on industrial level deviate from what is presented in the structure statistics.

The deviation in relation to the ER is mainly caused by the fact that the ER comprises all legal units -also the ones who are not conducting industrial activities.

These figures deviate from Structural Business Statistics as these only include establishments with turnover, while this statistic also comprise new establishments.

Industry 68.201 (cooperative housing is excluded from the structure statistics for industry 68.

Due to special conditions within the fishing industry, the number of employees for this industry will be lower than the number of fishermen according to what is published in the "NOS-Fishing Statistics". The share fishermen on fishing vessels are not recorded as employees. These have industrial income, but are not registered in the ER/CRE as self-employed unless they are joint owners in shipping companies or liability companies.

Not relevant

Not relevant

Establishment statistics comprise all industries according to NACE standards. As of January 2009 a new version of Eurostat’s industrial classification, SIC2007, is in use for classification of enterprises and establishments. It includes all establishments on the Norwegian mainland.

An establishment is registered to all new legal units, with some rare exceptions. There are some units that never take up any economic activity, and the number of registered establishments is therefore higher than the number of active establishments. New establishments are included in the statistics until we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.

The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) and the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE). The number of employees is from the Register for Employer/Employees.

Per 1st January 2015 there have been changes in the database. A new scheme (A -scheme) was introduced for reporting of wage and employment conditions to the Tax Administration, NAV and Statistics Norway in 2015. In the new scheme notified employees every month, not just by changes. This means that employers that have not reported will be left with zero employees. The introduction of A - scheme means break in the series.

Turnover and persons employed are collected from Structural Business Statistics and data from other administrative registers such as data from VAT, accounting data and income tax returns from independent businesses, in order to limit the population in relation to establishments that in reality have ceased to exist.

Administrative sources and data from Structural Business Statistics (SBS) (see 3.2).

CRE is presently a comprehensive register and quality is ensured in relation to population and basic characteristics like addresses, legal form and industry codes.

The quality of the population of active enterprises is taken care of among other things by directly contacting units in connection with the data capture for the SBS and through links toward administrative registers in the monitoring system for establishments in the CRE.

The quality regarding the industry code for establishments and enterprises in the CRE is continuously taken care of. This takes place by contacting the enterprises in SN's SBS-surveys, through administrative sources such as the National Insurance Administration's annual check and in other ways through direct contact with the enterprises. Furthermore it is done with the help of statements of purposes with the ER.

Not relevant

Not relevant

This statistics shows the number of establishments at the beginning of the quarter. When figures for 1st January are published, the register is updated with turnover and employment from Structural Business Statistics and data from administrative sources. In the quarterly publication, only changes in the register are recorded.

Changes between quarters are changes in the register and might refer to changes that actually occurred earlier, and the changes that actually took place will not be recorded until some time after they occurred.

The figures will be adjusted when the register is updated at the annual shift. The purpose of this statistic is not to show the development over time, but to give updated figures for structure of the business register.

The statistics are based on statistical and administrative sources. Several administrative sources are instrumental in the work with updating the CRE and are used both to define the population and to collect characteristics and information: The ER in Brønnøysund, the VAT-register and the A register are used to collect information about the units. This may cause register errors that may affect the uncertainty of the statistics.

A possible source for errors is out of date information caused by lags in the registration. Such lags are caused by the fact that changes are often registered some time after they have occurred. The consequence is that the registers are not updated at all times, something that may lead to using outdated information as basis for the statistics.

Discontinuances of activities are normally registered after they have taken place, based on information in connection with the collection of data for structure statistics or by links toward administrative registers.

Some enterprises is not correct registered regarding to establishment on different location or within different economic sectors. In some enterprises with more than one establishment, all employees is registered at one establishment.

Not relevant


Håkon Frøysa Skullerud

(+47) 41 43 59 39