Business statistics for the electricity industry
Updated: 29 November 2022
Next update: 29 November 2023
About the statistics
The statistics cover economic figures for the electricity industry, as well as power prices and grid rent.
Electricity price, i.e. the price that households pay to the electricity suppliers. This part of the power market was deregulated in 1991. Costs relating to electricity certificates, which is a subsidy system for renewable power, are included in the electricity price. According tothe Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) and the Swedish Energy Agency, the cost of electricity certificates was about 1 øre/kWh in 2012 and 2013.
Grid rent, i.e. the price that households pay for the physical distribution of electricity. Unlike the deregulated electricity price, the grid rent is regulated.
Taxes consist of tax on consumption of electricity, value added tax (VAT) and subsidies to Enova. All counties in Norway have the same tax rate for the consumption of electricity, apart from some parts of Troms and the whole of Finnmark, which are exempt. The Enova tax was 1 øre/kWh in 2014 and is the same for all households throughout the country. VAT is added after electricity price, grid rent and other taxes have been added. Nordland, Troms and Finnmark are exempt from VAT.
Electricity support: The Norwegian government launched a temporary electricity support package for households lasting from December 2021 until the end of March 2023. The electricity support is calculated from the monthly electricity price in the price region. A county can be part of one or more price regions. The average price support per county is calculated by taking a weighted average of the support based on the electricity consumption of the households in the county of the price regions. The yearly support is calculated by taking a weighted average of the monthly support..
Production value is defined as turnover corrected for changes in stock of finished goods, work in progress and goods and services bought for resale.
Cost of goods and services consumed is the value of goods and services consumed as input in the production process; excluding fixed assets (consumption is recorded as consumption of fixed capital).
Value added is the sum of production value minus the cost of goods and services consumed.
The standard industrial classification 2007 (SN2007) is used for determining the population basis for the statistics.
Name: Business statistics for the electricity industry
Topic: Energy and manufacturing. Establishments, enterprises and accounts
Division for Structural Business Statistics
Tabell 2 har data på fylkesnivå. Andre tabeller er på nasjonalt nivå.
Table 2 has data on county level. The other tables have data on national level.
Annual. The statistics are published about 11 months after the reference year.
The annual electricity statistics are reported to Eurostat.
Microdata is stored in accordance with Statistic Norway’s standard (DataDok). SAS is used for data processing.
The purpose of the statistics is to give an overview over economic key figures of the power industry. The statistics go back to 1937, but have been changed several times since then.
External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the Ministry of Finance, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Enova, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Eurostat. The data material is also used by the Divison for National Accounts (930).
No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.
For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses
Tables showing electricity prices in the wholesale market and the end-user market are available in the annual electricity statistics and quarterly electricity price statistics. The quarterly electricity price statistics are based on a sample of about 40 enterprises in the wholesale and end-user market, and are released around two months after the end of the quarter. Annual electricity statistics include all the enterprises in the population, and are released about 12 months after the reference year.
The quarterly electricity price statistics have the most up-to-date electricity prices and provide information about different types of price contracts (spot price, variable price and fixed price). The annual electricity statistics are more detailed and the data source covers the whole population.
The Statistic act §10 and §20
Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.
The enterprise is the statistical unit.
Table 1-3 contains all enterprises that have a license for electricity production, transmission of electricity, distribution of electricity or trade with electricity.
Table 4-7 contains all enterprises that have a license for electricity production, transmission of electricity, distribution of electricity or trade with electricity and is classified in industrial classification 35.1.
Data collection together with the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate.
Data is collected in the web based system eRapp in cooperation with the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE). SSB and NVE have separate databases, for their respective needs. SSB use the data for production of statistics and analysis.
The income statements and balance sheets sub-sections of the reporting form are controlled by the respondents registered auditor. The annual reports of the enterprises are used in the revision of the data.
Among other things, maximum and minimum values in addition to percentage changes are calculated
In some cases a few units may account for a large share of the total figures. However, these figures are not considered to be particularly detrimental for the relevant enterprises.
In the electricity statistics of 2008 the sale to different end users is based on a new version of Norwegian industry classification (SIC2007) . The most important changes are:
- For the first time we also calculate a grid rent for power intensive manufacturing. Since power intensive manufacturing has a very low grid rent compared to other end users, total grid rent for all end users is not comparable with former years.
- We do not publish gross value of production, intermediate consumption and value added at factor prices in the electricity statistics from 2008. Instead of these variables we publish production value, cost of goods and services consumed and value added.
The enterprise is the statistical unit. Prior to 1993 the establishment was the unit, defined as all energy activities located in one distribution area. This change concerns only utilities with activities in several distribution areas and it only affects the total count of electricity utilities.
The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can occur in the data during the optical reading or during revisions of the sample.
Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.
If no large errors are detected after the release of the statistics, the figures are not revised.