Electricity

Updated: 19 January 2024

Next update: 28 February 2024

Generation and consumption of electricity. GWh
Generation and consumption of electricity. GWh
GWh12-months changePercentages
December 2023December 2023 / December 2022December 2023
Total production of power13 965-6.0100.0
Hydro power12 262-7.087.8
Thermal power221-3.11.6
Wind power1 4823.510.6
Net consumption of electricity13 8917.1100.0
Consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas8632.76.2
Consumption of electricity in power intensive manufacturing2 966-1.721.4
Consumption without extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas and power intensive manufacturing10 06210.472.4
Explanation of symbols

Selected tables and charts from this statistics

  • Explanation of symbols
  • Explanation of symbols
  • Explanation of symbols
  • Explanation of symbols
  • Elektrisitetsbalanse. Månedlig. GWh
    Elektrisitetsbalanse. Månedlig. GWh
    Hittil i årMånedstall
    Desember 2022Desember 2023Endring i prosentDesember 2022Desember 202312-måneders endring
    Total produksjon av elektrisk kraft145 943153 9755.514 85013 965-6.0
    Vannkraft128 737137 3276.713 19012 262-7.0
    Varmekraft2 3972 68312.0228221-3.1
    Vindkraft14 81013 965-5.71 4331 4823.5
    Import13 27013 240-0.21 4262 33763.8
    Eksport25 79230 97820.12 3241 497-35.6
    Bruttoforbruk av elektrisk kraft133 422136 2372.113 95214 8046.1
    Pumpekraftforbruk1 6091 78911.26757-14.5
    Beregnet tap i linjenettet8 9509 4435.5911856-6.0
    Nettoforbruk av elektrisk kraft122 862125 0051.712 97513 8917.1
    Forbruk i utvinning av råolje og naturgass8 7078 9092.38408632.7
    Forbruk i kraftintensiv industri38 12435 443-7.03 0192 966-1.7
    Forbruk i produksjon av papirmasse, papir og papp3 3732 860-15.2265249-6.0
    Forbruk i produksjon av kjemiske råvarer6 9016 617-4.1546507-7.2
    Forbruk i produksjon av jern, stål og ferro5 0554 646-8.13773996.0
    Forbruk i produksjon av aluminium og andre metaller22 79521 320-6.51 8311 811-1.1
    Forbruk i alminnelig forsyning76 03180 6536.19 11610 06210.4
    Explanation of symbols
  • Electricity balance (GWh)
    Electricity balance (GWh)
    2022SharePer cent
    2021 - 2022
    Production, total145 942100.0-7.1
    Hydro power production128 74988.2-10.4
    Thermal power production2 3831.644.8
    Wind power production14 81010.125.8
    Imports13 27061.1
    Exports25 792-0.1
    Gross consumption133 420-4.4
    Pump storage use1 609179.3
    Loss and statistical difference6 657-5.2
    Net consumption125 154100.0-5.1
    Mining and manufacturing etc.57 98946.3-1.2
    Services etc.27 14321.7-3.4
    Private households and agriculture40 02232.0-11.3
    Explanation of symbols
  • Installed capacity, by type. MW
    Installed capacity, by type. MW
    Output (MW)
    All types of powerHydro powerThermal powerWind power
    201333 48631 0331 635818
    201433 69731 2401 598859
    201533 83731 3721 598867
    201633 80831 8171 108883
    201734 22731 9121 1081 207
    201835 34832 5301 1081 710
    201936 82032 7971 1092 914
    202038 86533 7321 1024 030
    202140 25934 0751 1355 049
    202240 47934 2691 1485 062
    Explanation of symbols
  • Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh
    Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh
    Production, totalHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionImportsExportsGross consumptionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumptionLoss and statistical differenceNet consumption
    2006121 400119 7291 0356369 8028 947122 25556751510 073111 100
    2007137 164134 7361 5368925 28415 320127 1285581 54310 417114 610
    2008142 108139 9811 2149133 41417 291128 2316371 3389 948116 308
    2009131 773126 0774 7199775 65014 633122 7906591 1358 629112 367
    2010123 630117 1525 59987914 6737 123131 1805605749 490120 556
    2011127 631121 5534 7951 28311 25514 329124 5575441 8077 263114 943
    2012147 716142 8103 3581 5484 19022 006129 9005601 5369 098118 706
    2013133 975128 6993 3951 88110 13515 140128 9706207868 024119 540
    2014141 968136 1813 5702 2176 34721 932126 3836929977 637117 057
    2015144 511138 4503 5462 5157 41122 038129 8846931 6127 530120 049
    2016148 989143 4173 4562 1165 74122 151132 5795638727 697123 447
    2017149 402143 1123 4362 8546 11221 276134 2387181 0657 625124 830
    2018147 057139 7043 4763 8778 34018 489136 9087651 0317 564127 548
    2019134 882126 0303 3285 52512 35312 309134 9268251 0546 996126 051
    2020154 197141 5902 6969 9114 49624 968133 725..9526 351126 422
    2021157 113143 6991 64611 7688 23525 819139 529..5767 022131 931
    2022145 942128 7492 38314 81013 27025 792133 420..1 6096 657125 154
    Explanation of symbols
  • Electricity generation, by type and county. GWh
    Electricity generation, by type and county. GWh
    2022
    Production, totalPercentage of total electricity generationHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power production
    Total145 942100.0128 7492 38314 810
    Viken (2020-2023)13 0819.012 86932179
    Oslo1540.1131410
    Innlandet9 7566.79 008::
    Vestfold og Telemark (2020-2023)10 3187.110 309100
    Agder12 7178.711 3901291 199
    Rogaland13 9059.510 705453 155
    Vestland35 07924.032 9234791 678
    Møre og Romsdal8 0975.57 6351462
    Trøndelag - Trööndelage14 3409.89 4381384 764
    Nordland - Nordlánnda20 94214.319 686::
    Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku (2020-2023)7 5105.14 7741 1101 625
    Svalbard410.00410
    Explanation of symbols
  • Net consumption of electricity, by consumer group. GWh
    Net consumption of electricity, by consumer group. GWh
    Total consumption of electricity
    20212022
    ALL CONSUMER GROUPS131 931125 154
    POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING39 56838 651
    Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard3 3953 378
    Industrial chemicals7 8177 247
    Iron, steel and ferroalloys5 1105 062
    Non-ferrous metals23 24622 964
    MINING AND EXTRACTION8 5679 527
    Mining456439
    Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector8 1119 089
    MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING7 9927 469
    Food products, beverages and tobacco3 0533 031
    Other manufacturing4 9394 439
    VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES2 5942 341
    Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains633689
    Steam and air conditioning supply1 199913
    Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities762739
    TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE2 2982 329
    Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport878910
    Other transport and storage1 3631 364
    Postal and courier activities5755
    CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES25 78924 814
    Construction1 6391 571
    Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4 3754 121
    Accomodation, food and beverage service activities1 4671 479
    Information and communication1 6871 961
    Financial and insurance activities164153
    Real estate activities4 8654 413
    Professional, scientific and technical activities827836
    Administrative and support service activities717697
    Public administration and defence, compulsory social security5 1164 929
    Streets and road lighting439421
    Education1 1131 062
    Human health and social work activities1 8141 698
    Arts, entertainment and recreation774734
    Activities of membership organisations539489
    Other service activities251248
    PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE45 12440 022
    Agriculture, forestry and fishing2 3232 180
    Hot-houses147118
    Private households39 83435 406
    Cottages and holiday houses2 8192 318
    Explanation of symbols
  • Net consumption of electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh
    Net consumption of electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh1
    2022
    Total6 526
    Viken (2020-2023)6 360
    Oslo5 242
    Innlandet6 896
    Vestfold og Telemark (2020-2023)6 503
    Agder5 553
    Rogaland5 894
    Vestland6 463
    Møre og Romsdal7 241
    Trøndelag - Trööndelage6 841
    Nordland - Nordlánnda9 008
    Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku (2020-2023)9 405
    1Calculated on the basis of the population at the beginning of the year.
    Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The statistics include production, power exchange and consumption. The monthly electricity statistics should be used when the latest data is needed. The annual figures have more detailed information and also include information on the county/municipal level.

Electricity monthly

Total production of electricity

Electricity generation contains net production. Net production is defined as gross production minus cunsumtpion of electricity in the power plant. Pump storage and industrial processes is included in the net production.

Thermal electricity generation

The largest share of thermal power is produced by natural gas. Other energy sources that are used for the generation of thermal power are biofuel, waste, landfill gas, blast-furnace gas and waste heat.

Solar power

In the data from Elhub only the electricity that is transmitted to the power grid is measured for producers of solar electricity. This will typically occur in sunny periods when the generation exceeds own consumption. Since the production values are based on a net measurement, this leads to an underestimation of the total solar electricity generation. This is due to the fact that electricity generation which is used to cover own consumption is not included in the statistics.

Exports of electric power

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Grid loss and statiscal difference

Grid loss and statistical difference is calculated in the following way:

Gross consumption of electricity – Pump storage – Net consumption of electricity

Net consumption of electric power

Net consumption of electricity is defined as the sum of all measured electricity consumption for primary industries, secondary industries, tertiary industries and households.

Electricity consumption is divided into consumer groups based on the standard for sector classification 2007. See below for information on which codes that are related to each group:

Primary industries (01-03)

Secondary industries contain the following consumer groups:

  • Extraction of crude oil and natural gas (06+09.1)

Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable. In addition, services related to extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas are included.

  • Mining (05+07-09, excluding 09.1)
  • Power-intensive manufacturing:

Pulp and paper production (17.1)

Production of chemical commodities (20.1)

Production of iron, steel and ferroalloys (24.1)

Production of aluminium and other metals (24.4)

  • Manufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturing (10-33, excluding 17.1, 20.1, 24.1 and 24.4)
  • Electricity supply, water and waste supply and construction (35-44)

Tertiary industries (45-99)

Electricity annual

Electricity generation refers to the net production of electricity. Net production is defined as gross production minus consumtpion of electricity in the power plant. Pump storage and industrial processes is included in the net production

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Other own consumption contains light and heating in the power stations in addition to engines, compressors and other production equipment.

Ordinary consumption and flexible consumption: The contracts for ordinary and flexible power are different. Flexible power can be stopped in the event of limited net capacity.

The consumer groups in the table with information on electricity consumption in Norwegian municipalities have the following content.

Mining and manufacturing etc: Mining and extraction, power intensive manufacturing, manufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturing and various supply and remidiation activities.

Services etc: Transportation and storage and construction and other services.

Households and agriculture etc: Agriculture, forestry and fishing, hot-houses, private households and cottages and holiday houses

Electricity monthly

Production and consumption of electricity is measured in Gigawatt-hours (GWh) in tables. In StatBank, Megawatt-hours (MWh) is used as a measure. The classification is based on the standard industrial classification 2007 (SIC 2007).

Electricity annual

The classification is based on the standard for sector classification 2007 (SN2007). There is a description of which industries the statistics comprise in section 3.1.

Name: Electricity

Topic: Energy and manufacturing

28 February 2024

Division for Business Cycle Statistics.

Electricity monthly

Figures for production and consumption are on a national level.

Electricity annual

Municipality and county.

Electricity monthly

Monthly publication. The monthly electricity statistics are published about 3 1/2 weeks after the reference month.

Electricity annual

Annual. The statistics are published 11 months after the reference year.

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

Data from both statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

The annual electricity statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

Collected and revised data are stored securely by Statistics Norway in compliance with applicable legislation on data processing.

Statistics Norway can grant access to the source data (de-identified or anonymised microdata) on which the statistics are based, for researchers and public authorities for the purposes of preparing statistical results and analyses. Access can be granted upon application and subject to conditions. Refer to the details about this at Access to data from Statistics Norway.

Electricity monthly

The purpose of the statistics is to map the production and consumption of electricity. The monthly electricity statistics also serve as a basis for analysis and reports. The current statistics date back to 1979.

Electricity annual

The purpose of the statistics is to follow the development in supply and use of electricity on national level and on county level. The statistics go back to 1937, but have been changed several times since then.

Electricity monthly

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, IEA and Eurostat.

Internal users of the statistics: the Division for energy and environmental statistics, which uses the data in the energy balance and the energy account; the Division for manufacturing, which uses some of the data in the monthly Index of production. The statistics are also used by the Division for national accounts.

Electricity annual

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the Ministry of Finance, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Enova, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Eurostat. The Annual electricity statistics are important input to the Energy balance and energy account. The data material is also used by the Divison for National Accounts (930) in Statistics Norway.

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

No external users have access to statistics before they are released at 8 a.m. on ssb.no after at least three months advance notice in the release calendar. This is one of the most important principles in Statistics Norway for ensuring the equal treatment of users.

Electricity monthly

The monthly statistics are used in the revision of the annual electricity statistics. The two statistics correspond well.

Electricity annual

Monthly and annual electricity statistics correspond well.

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

The statistics are developed, produced and disseminated pursuant to Act no. 32 of 21 June 2019 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway (the Statistics Act).

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

Electricity monthly

The datasource is Elhub.

Electricity annual

The datasource is Elhub.

The population consists of all water, thermal and wind power stations (Standard for sector classification 2007: 35.11).

Electricity consumption is divided into consumer groups based on the standard for sector classification 2007

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub about six days after the reference month containing data on production and consumption of electricity from all metering points in Norway. Elhub is an electricity data hub which is a centralized information exchange system for the electricity retail market and contains data on consumption and production of electricity and different market processes from all remotely (and traditional) readable electricity metering points in Norway. From the dataset Statistics Norway calculate electricity production, pump storage, and consumption in different groups which is used in the monthly electricity statistics.


Data on import and export of electricity is collected from Statnett and electricity production on Svalbard is collected by Statistics Norway in an own survey.

Electricity annual

In january each year Statistics Norway receives twelve updated monthly data sets from Elhub containing data on production and consumption of electricity from all metering points in Norway from the previous year. Elhub is an electricity data hub which is a centralized information exchange system for the electricity retail market and contains data on consumption and production of electricity and different market processes from all remotely (and traditional) readable electricity metering points in Norway. From the dataset Statistics Norway calculate data on electricity production and consumption. Data on imports and exports of elctricity is collected fra Statnett. Production and consumption from Svalbard is collected directly by Statistics Norway using an own servey.

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub with measured values for production and consumption of electricity for all metering points in Norway. Since Svalbard is not included in the Elhub data, electricity data from Svalbard is collected in an own survey. Electricity import and export are reported by Statnett once per month.

Data from the Elhub system is used by electricity producers and suppliers and distribution network companies serving electricity consumers and balancing electricity production, hence the metering values is thoroughly checked before Statistics Norway receives the data. Still, we do some checks on production and consumption codes, aggregated values for production and consumption and duplicates in the data. Data are also compared with the yearly electricity statistics.

Electricity annual

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub with measured values for production and consumption of electricity for all metering points in Norway. Since Svalbard is not included in the Elhub data, electricity data from Svalbard is collected in an own survey. Electricity import and export are reported by Statnett once per month.

Data from the Elhub system is used by electricity producers and suppliers and distribution network companies serving electricity consumers and balancing electricity production, hence the metering values is thoroughly checked before Statistics Norway receives the data. Still, we do some checks on production and consumption codes, municipality codes aggregated values for production and consumption and duplicates in the data. Data from Elhub is also compared other data sources in Statistics Norway.

Not relevant

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

Employees of Statistics Norway have a duty of confidentiality.

Statistics Norway does not publish figures if there is a risk of the respondent’s contribution being identified. This means that, as a general rule, figures are not published if fewer than three units form the basis of a cell in a table or if the contribution of one or two respondents constitutes a very large part of the cell total.

Statistics Norway can make exceptions to the general rule if deemed necessary to meet the requirements of the EEA agreement, if the respondent is a public authority, if the respondent has consented to this, or when the information disclosed is openly accessible to the public.

More information can be found on Statistics Norway’s website under Methods in official statistics, in the ‘Confidentiality’ section.

Electricity monthly

The statistics are comparable back to 1979. However, prior to 1993 the information is less detailed than in later releases.

Until December 2010, pulp and paper production and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas were included in consumption without power-intensive manufacturing. As from the release in January 2011 these groups are separated into their own consumption groups. Only total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing , non-priority and priority consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction are affected by the changes. The rest of the groups are not influenced by the change.

From January 2016, the basis for calculating net loss was changed from utilising loss shares of the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate to loss shares calculated from net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. This affects the series net loss, net consumption of electric power and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction somewhat. The new way of calculating net loss ensures a closer correspondence between the monthly and the annual electricity statistics. All series in Statbank are updated dating back to January 2010

In May 2019 the name of the variable “Pump storage use and other own consumption” was changed to “Pump storage use” since “other own consumption” no longer is included in this variable. Because of this change, the old variable “Pump storage use and other own consumption” and new variable “Pump storage use” cannot be compared directly.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of May 2019 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for electricity generation and pump storage consumption. The change does not have an impact on the time series of production and pump storage.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of October 2019 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. The change does not have an impact on the time series of extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of January 2020 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for consumption in power intensive manufacturing. The change does not have an impact on the time series of pulp and paper production, production of chemical commodity etc., production of iron, steel and ferroalloy and production of aluminium and other metals.

With the release of the monthly electricity statistics for January 2024 the statistics was expanded along several dimensions:

  • Solar electricity was introduced as a separate production type and is no longer included in the thermal power category.
  • Grid loss and statistical difference is calculated in the following way:

Gross consumption of electricity – Pump storage – Net consumption of electricity

  • Net consumption of electricity is defined as the sum of all measured electricity consumption for primary industries, secondary industries, tertiary industries and households. The new calculation method implies that this variable can not be compared with information in the closed time series.
  • New national electricity balance table that contains a higher number of consumer groups than the previous table. Primary industries, secondary industries, tertiary industries and households are examples of new consumption groups.
  • New table with electricity generation by type of power and price area.
  • New table with electricity consumption by consumer group and price area.

The time series in the new statbank tables (14091, 14092 and 14093) are produced for as many months back in time as possible.

Electricity annual

From the reference year 2020 and onwards Elhub is used as data source for the Electricity statistics. Earlier the data source was Erapp, an administrative register owned by The Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE). Changing the data source from Erapp to Elhub does not influence the comparability over time, and only leads to minor deviations in the main variables in the statistics.

In the electricity statistics of 2008 the sale to different end users is based on a new version of Norwegian industry classification (SIC2007) . The most important changes are:

  • The numbers of end users increase from 27 to 36 categories.
  • Power intensive manufacturing now also includes industry 17.1.

The enterprise is the statistical unit. Prior to 1993 the establishment was the unit, defined as all energy activities located in one distribution area. This change concerns only utilities with activities in several distribution areas and it only affects the total count of electricity utilities.

Electricity monthly

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can also occur during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

The statistics are based on a full count, and thus there are no sampling errors.

Electricity annual

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can also occur in the data during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

A revision is a planned change to figures that have already been published, for example when releasing final figures as a follow-up to published preliminary figures. See also Statistics Norway’s principles for revisions.

The figures of the electricity statistics are not revised after the release of the statistics.

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