Electricity

Updated: 16 May 2022

Next update: 14 June 2022

Hydro power`s share in electricity production
Hydro power`s share in electricity production
April 2022
91.0
%
Generation and consumption of electricity. GWh
Generation and consumption of electricity. GWh
GWh12-months changePercentages
April 2022April 2022 / April 2021April 2022
Total production of power11 141-10.4100.0
Hydro power10 135-10.991.0
Thermal power15111.51.4
Wind power854-6.77.7
Net consumption of electricity10 316-4.7100.0
Consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas6502.96.3
Consumption of electricity in power intensive manufacturing3 165-0.530.7
Consumption without extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas and power intensive manufacturing6 501-7.363.0
Explanation of symbols

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

Electricity balance. Monthly. GWh
Electricity balance. Monthly. GWh
So far this yearMonthly figures
April 2021April 2022Change in per centApril 2021April 202212-months change
Total production of power58 08053 784-7.412 42711 141-10.4
Hydro power53 37947 647-10.711 37510 135-10.9
Thermal power52159313.713615111.5
Wind power4 1805 54532.6916854-6.7
Import3 1575 07660.81 0291 56051.6
Export6 9058 99130.21 8411 691-8.2
Gross consumption of electricity54 33249 869-8.211 61511 010-5.2
Pump storage use63641.42911-63.1
Calculated net loss3 5623 298-7.4762683-10.4
Net consumption of electricity50 70846 507-8.310 82410 316-4.7
Consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas2 6732 651-0.86326502.9
Consumption of electricity in power intensive manufacturing12 65313 0343.03 1813 165-0.5
Consumption in production of pulp, paper and1 1511 1651.22752750.2
Consumption in production of industrial chemicals2 4682 317-6.1626523-16.4
Consumption in production of iron, steel and ferroalloys1 5961 81113.539443610.5
Consumption in production of aluminium and other metals7 4387 7414.11 8871 9312.3
Consumption without extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas and power intensive manufacturing35 38130 821-12.97 0116 501-7.3
Explanation of symbols
Electricity balance (GWh)
Electricity balance (GWh)
2020SharePer cent
2019 - 2020
Production, total154 197100.014.3
Hydro power production141 59091.812.3
Thermal power production2 6961.7-19.0
Wind power production9 9116.479.4
Imports4 496-63.6
Exports24 968102.8
Gross consumption133 725-0.9
Pump storage use952-9.7
Loss and statistical difference6 351-9.2
Net consumption126 422100.00.3
Mining and manufacturing etc.57 21145.31.6
Services etc.26 11820.7-2.4
Private households and agriculture43 09434.10.2
Explanation of symbols
Power stations, by type. Maximum output. MW
Power stations, by type. Maximum output. MW
Output (MW)
All types of powerHydro powerThermal powerWind power
201132 08229 9691 601512
201232 86030 5091 646705
201333 48631 0331 635818
201433 69731 2401 598859
201533 83731 3721 598867
201633 80831 8171 108883
201734 22731 9121 1081 207
201835 34832 5301 1081 710
201936 82032 7971 1092 914
202038 86533 7321 1024 030
Explanation of symbols
Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh
Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh
Production, totalHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionImportsExportsGross consumptionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumptionLoss and statistical differenceNet consumption
2004110 472109 29192925215 3343 842121 9645697289 335111 332
2005137 811136 4528604993 65315 695125 7696351 0919 995114 048
2006121 400119 7291 0356369 8028 947122 25556751510 073111 100
2007137 164134 7361 5368925 28415 320127 1285581 54310 417114 610
2008142 108139 9811 2149133 41417 291128 2316371 3389 948116 308
2009131 773126 0774 7199775 65014 633122 7906591 1358 629112 367
2010123 630117 1525 59987914 6737 123131 1805605749 490120 556
2011127 631121 5534 7951 28311 25514 329124 5575441 8077 263114 943
2012147 716142 8103 3581 5484 19022 006129 9005601 5369 098118 706
2013133 975128 6993 3951 88110 13515 140128 9706207868 024119 540
2014141 968136 1813 5702 2176 34721 932126 3836929977 637117 057
2015144 511138 4503 5462 5157 41122 038129 8846931 6127 530120 049
2016148 989143 4173 4562 1165 74122 151132 5795638727 697123 447
2017149 402143 1123 4362 8546 11221 276134 2387181 0657 625124 830
2018147 057139 7043 4763 8778 34018 489136 9087651 0317 564127 548
2019134 882126 0303 3285 52512 35312 309134 9268251 0546 996126 051
2020154 197141 5902 6969 9114 49624 968133 725..9526 351126 422
Explanation of symbols
Electricity generation, by type and county. GWh
Electricity generation, by type and county. GWh
2020
Production, totalPercentage of total electricity generationHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power production
Total154 197100.0141 5902 6969 911
Viken17 22911.217 01123194
Oslo1830.1291540
Innlandet10 6676.910 27542350
Vestfold og Telemark14 8289.614 82440
Agder16 86810.915 942158768
Rogaland15 0689.812 747402 281
Vestland37 82824.536 203775849
Møre og Romsdal7 7925.17 255148389
Trøndelag - Trööndelage11 9267.78 4271373 362
Nordland - Nordlánnda14 7909.614 3680422
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku6 9634.54 5101 1591 295
Svalbard560.00560
Explanation of symbols
Electricity generation, by type and ownership group. GWh
Electricity generation, by type and ownership group. GWh
2020
Production, totalPercentage of total electricity generationHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power production
Total154 197100.0141 5902 6969 911
Central government47 25930.643 9181 7701 571
County/municipality77 27050.176 606252413
Private29 66819.221 0666757 927
Explanation of symbols
Net consumption of electricity, by consumer group. GWh
Net consumption of electricity, by consumer group. GWh
Total consumption of electricity
20192020
ALL CONSUMER GROUPS126 054126 422
POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING37 25937 907
Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard3 4653 359
Industrial chemicals6 8807 659
Iron, steel and ferroalloys4 9964 973
Non-ferrous metals21 91821 917
MINING AND EXTRACTION8 8149 199
Mining412446
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector8 4028 753
MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING7 8497 614
Food products, beverages and tobacco2 8412 951
Other manufacturing5 0084 663
VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES2 3682 491
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains662584
Steam and air conditioning supply1 0311 147
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities675759
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE1 8312 156
Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport568843
Other transport and storage1 2001 258
Postal and courier activities6356
CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES24 92423 962
Construction1 5061 479
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4 3134 217
Accomodation, food and beverage service activities1 5661 363
Information and communication1 2811 235
Financial and insurance activities194163
Real estate activities4 5294 551
Professional, scientific and technical activities759796
Administrative and support service activities714667
Public administration and defence, compulsory social security4 8784 857
Streets and road lighting455441
Education1 3981 049
Human health and social work activities1 7991 719
Arts, entertainment and recreation766685
Activities of membership organisations535493
Other service activities231248
PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE43 00943 094
Agriculture, forestry and fishing2 1332 246
Hot-houses168151
Private households38 32438 230
Cottages and holiday houses2 3842 467
Explanation of symbols
Net consumption of electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh
Net consumption of electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh1
2020
Total7 122
Viken7 002
Oslo5 823
Innlandet7 646
Vestfold og Telemark7 366
Agder6 789
Rogaland6 789
Vestland7 175
Møre og Romsdal7 481
Trøndelag - Trööndelage6 889
Nordland - Nordlánnda8 900
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku9 451
1Calculated on the basis of the population at the beginning of the year.
Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The statistics include production, power exchange and consumption. The monthly electricity statistics should be used when the latest data is needed. The annual figures have more detailed information and also include information on the county/municipal level.

Electricity monthly

Total production of electricity

Electricity generation contains net production. Net production is defined as gross production minus cunsumtpion of electricity in the power plant. Pump storage and industrial processes is included in the net production.

Exports of electric power

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Calculated net loss

Net loss is calculated using a fixed loss share relative to production based on net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. The loss share is calculated using a five year average and is 6 per cent in 2016. The net loss partly depends on distance, temperatures and the quality of the grid.

Net consumption of electric power

Net consumption of electric power is gross consumption of electric power less pump consumption and calculated net loss.

Consumption of electric power in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas production

Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable.

Consumption in power-intensive manufacturing

Power-intensive manufacturing is defined as pulp and paper production, industrial chemicals, iron, steel and ferro-alloys in addition to primary aluminium and other metals. The definition corresponds to the following codes in the standard for sector classification (2007) :

17.1 – Pulp and paper production

20.1 – Production of chemical commodity

24.1 – Production of iron, steel and ferroalloy

24.4 – Production of aluminium and other metals

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction is net consumption of electric power less total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. Households, services and manufacturing other than power-intensive manufacturing account for the majority of this consumption.

Electricity annual

Electricity generation refers to the net production of electricity. Net production is defined as gross production minus consumtpion of electricity in the power plant. Pump storage and industrial processes is included in the net production

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Other own consumption contains light and heating in the power stations in addition to engines, compressors and other production equipment.

Ordinary consumption and flexible consumption: The contracts for ordinary and flexible power are different. Flexible power can be stopped in the event of limited net capacity.

The consumer groups in the table with information on electricity consumption in Norwegian municipalities have the following content.

Mining and manufacturing etc: Mining and extraction, power intensive manufacturing, manufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturing and various supply and remidiation activities.

Services etc: Transportation and storage and construction and other services.

Households and agriculture etc: Agriculture, forestry and fishing, hot-houses, private households and cottages and holiday houses

Electricity monthly

Production and consumption of electricity is measured in Gigawatt-hours (GWh) in tables. In StatBank, Megawatt-hours (MWh) is used as a measure. The classification is based on the standard industrial classification 2007 (SIC 2007).

Electricity annual

The classification is based on the standard for sector classification 2007 (SN2007). There is a description of which industries the statistics comprise in section 3.1.

Name: Electricity

Topic: Energy and manufacturing

14 June 2022

Division for Business Cycle Statistics.

Electricity monthly

Figures for production and consumption are on a national level.

Electricity annual

Municipality and county.

Electricity monthly

Monthly publication. The monthly electricity statistics are published about 14-17 days after the reference month.

Electricity annual

Annual. The statistics are published 11 months after the reference year.

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

Data from both statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

The annual electricity statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Electricity monthly

Raw data files are stored in accordance with Statistic Norway’s standard (DataDok).

Electricity annual

Microdata are stored in a Oracle database.

Electricity monthly

The purpose of the statistics is to map the production and consumption of electricity. The monthly electricity statistics also serve as a basis for analysis and reports. The current statistics date back to 1979.

Electricity annual

The purpose of the statistics is to follow the development in supply and use of electricity on national level and on county level. The statistics go back to 1937, but have been changed several times since then.

Electricity monthly

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, IEA and Eurostat.

Internal users of the statistics: the Division for energy and environmental statistics, which uses the data in the energy balance and the energy account; the Division for manufacturing, which uses some of the data in the monthly Index of production. The statistics are also used by the Division for national accounts.

Electricity annual

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the Ministry of Finance, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Enova, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Eurostat. The Annual electricity statistics are important input to the Energy balance and energy account. The data material is also used by the Divison for National Accounts (930) in Statistics Norway.

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Electricity monthly

The monthly statistics are used in the revision of the annual electricity statistics. The two statistics correspond well.

Electricity annual

Monthly and annual electricity statistics correspond well.

Electricity monthly

The Statistic Act § 10 and 20.

Electricity annual

The Statistic act §10 and 20

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

Electricity monthly

The datasource is Elhub.

The population consists of all water, thermal and wind power stations (Standard for sector classification 2007: 35.11). Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas includes all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable (Standard for sector classification 2007: 06.1 and 06.2).

Electricity consumption in power-intensive manufacturing based on the standard for sector classification 2007 includes:

17.1 – Pulp and paper production

20.1 – Production of chemical commodity

24.1 – Production of iron, steel and ferroalloy

24.4 – Production of aluminium and other metals

Electricity annual

The datasource is Elhub.

The population consists of all water, thermal and wind power stations (Standard for sector classification 2007: 35.11).

Electricity consumption is divided into consumer groups based on the standard for sector classification 2007

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub about six days after the reference month containing data on production and consumption of electricity from all metering points in Norway. Elhub is an electricity data hub which is a centralized information exchange system for the electricity retail market and contains data on consumption and production of electricity and different market processes from all remotely (and traditional) readable electricity metering points in Norway. From the dataset Statistics Norway calculate electricity production, pump storage, and consumption of electricity in power intensive manufacturing and extraction which is used in the monthly electricity statistics.



Data on import and export of electricity is collected from Statnett and electricity production on Svalbard is collected by Statistics Norway in an own survey.

Production of electricity: Total count of all power plants in Norway.



Consumption: Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of approximately 10 establishments (approximately a total count).

Power-intensive manufacturing consists of approximately 50 establishments (approximately a total count).

Electricity annual

In january each year Statistics Norway receives twelve updated monthly data sets from Elhub containing data on production and consumption of electricity from all metering points in Norway from the previous year. Elhub is an electricity data hub which is a centralized information exchange system for the electricity retail market and contains data on consumption and production of electricity and different market processes from all remotely (and traditional) readable electricity metering points in Norway. From the dataset Statistics Norway calculate data on electricity production and consumption. Data on imports and exports of elctricity is collected fra Statnett. Production and consumption from Svalbard is collected directly by Statistics Norway using an own servey.

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub with measured values for production and consumption of electricity for all metering points in Norway. Since Svalbard is not included in the Elhub data, electricity data from Svalbard is collected in an own survey. Electricity import and export are reported by Statnett once per month.

Data from the Elhub system is used by electricity producers and suppliers and distribution network companies serving electricity consumers and balancing electricity production, hence the metering values is thoroughly checked before Statistics Norway receives the data. Still, we do some checks on production and consumption codes, aggregated values for production and consumption and duplicates in the data. Data are also compared with the yearly electricity statistics.

Electricity annual

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub with measured values for production and consumption of electricity for all metering points in Norway. Since Svalbard is not included in the Elhub data, electricity data from Svalbard is collected in an own survey. Electricity import and export are reported by Statnett once per month.

Data from the Elhub system is used by electricity producers and suppliers and distribution network companies serving electricity consumers and balancing electricity production, hence the metering values is thoroughly checked before Statistics Norway receives the data. Still, we do some checks on production and consumption codes, municipality codes aggregated values for production and consumption and duplicates in the data. Data from Elhub is also compared other data sources in Statistics Norway.

Not relevant

Electricity monthly

According to §7 and §8 of the Statistics Act,

Electricity annual

(1) Official statistics shall be disseminated in such a manner that it is not possible to directly or indirectly identify a statistical unit and thus disclose individual data.

(2) The first subsection shall not apply when the exception follows from an obligation to produce statistics pursuant to the EEA Agreement.

(3) An exception may be made from the first subsection if the statistical unit is a public authority, and the interests of the public sector are protected. An exception may also be made from the first subsection if the statistical unit has granted consent or if the data are available to the public.

Electricity monthly

The statistics are comparable back to 1979. However, prior to 1993 the information is less detailed than in later releases.

Until December 2010, pulp and paper production and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas were included in consumption without power-intensive manufacturing. As from the release in January 2011 these groups are separated into their own consumption groups. Only total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing , non-priority and priority consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction are affected by the changes. The rest of the groups are not influenced by the change.

From January 2016, the basis for calculating net loss was changed from utilising loss shares of the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate to loss shares calculated from net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. This affects the series net loss, net consumption of electric power and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction somewhat. The new way of calculating net loss ensures a closer correspondence between the monthly and the annual electricity statistics. All series in Statbank are updated dating back to January 2010

In May 2019 the name of the variable “Pump storage use and other own consumption” was changed to “Pump storage use” since “other own consumption” no longer is included in this variable. Because of this change, the old variable “Pump storage use and other own consumption” and new variable “Pump storage use” cannot be compared directly.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of May 2019 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for electricity generation and pump storage consumption. The change does not have an impact on the time series of production and pump storage.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of October 2019 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. The change does not have an impact on the time series of extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of January 2020 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for consumption in power intensive manufacturing. The change does not have an impact on the time series of pulp and paper production, production of chemical commodity etc., production of iron, steel and ferroalloy and production of aluminium and other metals.

Electricity annual

From the reference year 2020 and onwards Elhub is used as data source for the Electricity statistics. Earlier the data source was Erapp, an administrative register owned by The Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE). Changing the data source from Erapp to Elhub does not influence the comparability over time, and only leads to minor deviations in the main variables in the statistics.

In the electricity statistics of 2008 the sale to different end users is based on a new version of Norwegian industry classification (SIC2007) . The most important changes are:

  • The numbers of end users increase from 27 to 36 categories.
  • Power intensive manufacturing now also includes industry 17.1.

The enterprise is the statistical unit. Prior to 1993 the establishment was the unit, defined as all energy activities located in one distribution area. This change concerns only utilities with activities in several distribution areas and it only affects the total count of electricity utilities.

Electricity monthly

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can also occur during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

The statistics are based on a full count, and thus there are no sampling errors.

Electricity annual

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can also occur in the data during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

Electricity monthly

The figures of electricity generation are not revised after the release of the statistics. Minor revisions may occur for the figures of exports, imports and consumption.

Electricity annual

If no large errors are detected after the release of the statistics, the figures are not revised.

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