406590
/en/utdanning/statistikker/utuvh/aar
406590
statistikk
2020-03-26T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
utuvh, Students in higher education, educational institution, specialist field (for example social studies, law, humanities and arts), students abroad, countries of destination, type of institution, ownership, immigrants, norwegian-born with immigrant parents, parents' educational attainment levelTertiary education, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
true

Students in higher education

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

35.8 %

of 19-24-year-olds were in higher education in 2019

Students in higher education in Norway and abroad
200920182019
Students in higher education
Total235 300293 287296 182
Males92 656118 809119 186
Females142 644174 478176 996
Proportion 19-24 years in higher education
Total30.735.335.8
Males24.528.428.5
Females37.242.843.5
Proportion 25-29 years in higher education
Total14.815.915.9
Males13.114.013.9
Females16.617.917.9

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Resident students in Norway by immigration category

Resident students in Norway by immigration category
2019
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
MalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
Total, 19-34 years96 316132 5449 85313 3574 9736 09381 490113 094
19 years4 8398 0754046835217493 9146 643
20 years9 02314 9026771 0336609637 68612 906
21 years12 02818 0728331 18773292310 46315 962
22 years12 16617 0708571 17062881810 68115 082
23 years11 87415 1279121 17560069810 36213 254
24 years10 01911 9527951 0085035288 72110 416
25 years7 9909 3417379343783996 8758 008
26 years6 0727 3157108592582865 1046 170
27 years4 9816 1576668261962104 1195 121
28 years3 9034 9915897531531543 1614 084
29 years3 2984 4765277111021132 6693 652
30-34 years10 12315 0662 1463 0182422527 73511 796
Proportion registered in higher education
Total, 19-34 years16.323.78.411.826.735.118.026.4
19 years14.025.29.620.827.741.213.824.7
20 years26.046.715.230.638.260.026.947.9
21 years35.356.718.731.846.765.437.259.7
22 years34.752.418.929.643.358.336.855.4
23 years33.045.018.725.640.950.635.047.9
24 years27.835.514.720.534.239.529.938.0
25 years22.127.312.816.627.432.823.729.2
26 years16.520.910.713.520.924.717.722.5
27 years13.117.19.111.016.820.013.918.7
28 years10.113.57.59.414.815.110.614.6
29 years8.411.76.27.710.512.59.013.0
30-34 years5.38.24.05.77.48.25.89.3

Table 2 
Students by educational institution

Students by educational institution1
Students
2019
Both sexesMalesFemales
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
Educational institutions, total296 182119 186176 996
Nord university10 8014 0016 800
Norwegian University of Life Sciences5 5522 1663 386
Norwegian University of Science and Technology41 65420 62721 027
Oslo Metropolitan University20 7296 59814 131
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway16 4246 7499 675
University of Agder12 8495 3587 491
University of Bergen17 9557 32410 631
University of Oslo27 17710 84116 336
University of Stavanger11 6294 7286 901
University of South-Eastern Norway17 8906 78611 104
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design722328394
BI Norwegian Business School19 3019 7269 575
Molde University College - Specialised University of Logistics2 4471 0631 384
Oslo National Academy of the Arts569187382
MF Norwegian School of Theology, Religion and Society1 287471816
Norwegian School of Economics3 6232 2001 423
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences1 133574559
Norwegian Academy of Music768389379
VID Specialised University4 7557264 029
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences14 2594 8109 449
Østfold University College6 8912 4184 473
Volda University College4 2341 3312 903
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences16 1345 68010 454
Sámi University of Applied Sciences17433141
Bjørknes University College1 8584131 445
Queen Maud University College1 4682471 221
Kristiania University College9 1053 5335 572
NLA University College2 7008841 816
Norwegian Police University College2 9211 5051 416
Military University Colleges49340093
Other University Colleges4 2001 5672 633
Abroad14 4805 5238 957

Table 3 
Field of education for students in Norway and abroad

Field of education for students in Norway and abroad
NumbersPer centPer cent
TotalMalesFemales
200920182019200920182019200920182019
1Includes preparatory courses for university or university college education. Includes not preparatory course for engineering education as of 2014.
2Students who take a whole degree abroad.
Fields of Education
Students in Norway222 920278 334281 70239.340.540.360.659.559.7
General programmes11 75038737180.977.368.519.122.731.5
Humanities and arts26 60428 12028 49136.939.840.263.560.259.8
Education31 94847 76948 26623.828.027.676.272.072.4
Social sciences and law30 72135 45536 46738.336.036.462.064.063.6
Business and administration40 57051 60652 38345.647.147.054.152.953.0
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects35 71149 89849 76467.665.965.932.934.134.1
Health, welfare and sport48 32554 82855 54320.822.621.677.777.478.4
Primary industries1 0971 5521 56251.049.848.850.450.251.2
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services4 5877 0246 97167.662.662.133.237.437.9
Unspecified field of study1 6071 6951 88441.037.042.859.063.057.2
 
Norwegian students abroad212 38014 95314 48040.738.538.159.361.561.9
General programmes1000......
Humanities and arts1 8411 8671 76830.733.331.769.366.768.3
Education1831019130.130.728.669.969.371.4
Social sciences and law2 1392 8702 84532.824.525.067.275.575.0
Business and administration2 4333 0252 82751.050.151.449.049.948.6
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects1 3472 1302 08653.754.153.346.345.946.7
Health, welfare and sport4 2654 6254 59839.635.634.960.464.465.1
Primary industries42394314.317.914.085.782.186.0
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services128152039.153.375.060.946.725.0
Unspecified field of study22812020.027.016.8100.073.083.2

Table 4 
Country of study for students abroad

Country of study for students abroad1
TotalMalesFemales
200920182019200920182019200920182019
1Students who take a whole degree abroad.
Countries of destination
Total12 38014 95314 4805 0335 7635 5237 3479 1908 957
Denmark2 2022 2572 2587127937851 4901 4641 473
Sweden768575529301232213467343316
France20619817474837913211595
Ireland12373642221231015241
Italy6394104264146375358
Netherlands338566591156246259182320332
Poland1 2611 5331 590577599615684934975
Spain712853462610311845182228
United Kingdom2 9653 8923 7281 1331 3821 2931 8322 5102 435
Switzerland616671273337343334
Germany18828729267140139121147153
Hungary687822761261251226426571535
Czech Republic24925121112510290124149121
Slovak Republic263528506121191176142337330
Rest of Europe222570567105266259117304308
Africa63402325158382515
Asia1093403047013612139204183
Canada176136132834758938974
USA9321 6951 610503848797429847813
Rest of North- and Central America1222500722
South America351411141321138
Australia1 307674557575221170732453387
Rest of Oceania76504125126513835
Unknown358002356

Table 5 
Students in selected programmes by immigration category

Students in selected programmes by immigration category
2019
NumbersPer cent
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
Men
3 year degree, bachelor55 25410.85.383.9
Of which
Pre-school-/kindergarten teacher education1 53211.34.784.0
Specific subject and vocational teacher, foundation programme7573.62.494.1
Engineering, foundation programme8 99112.95.781.4
Nursing, foundation programme2 11721.42.975.7
Business and Administration subjects13 8449.96.883.3
 
4 year degree, bachelor9833.82.094.2
Of which
General-/Primary and lower secondary teacher education5803.12.294.7
 
5 year degree, master30 86211.83.784.6
Of which
Master of Law1 8322.95.291.9
Master of Pharmacy14043.617.139.3
Master of Odontology17921.214.064.8
Master of Science in Business and Economics1 9458.26.385.5
Master of Technology, Graduate engineering degree7 9389.54.586.0
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education2 6062.73.493.9
Master degree, teacher training2 0044.33.392.4
 
6 year degree1 7598.06.086.0
Of which
Cand.med. (Medicine)1 1489.68.082.4
Cand.theol.1038.71.090.3
Cand.psychol.4514.72.992.5
Cand.med.vet. (Veterinary Science)571.80.098.2
 
Women
3 year degree, bachelor73 77211.74.583.8
Of which
Pre-school-/kindergarten teacher education6 93411.63.584.9
Specific subject and vocational teacher, foundation programme6457.12.890.1
Engineering, foundation programme2 22417.66.376.1
Nursing, foundation programme13 04811.12.686.3
Business and Administration subjects13 56011.55.183.4
 
4 year degree, bachelor1 7675.11.893.1
Of which
General-/Primary and lower secondary teacher education1 4543.91.994.2
 
5 year degree, master42 16110.93.286.0
Of which
Master of Law3 4884.74.690.7
Master of Pharmacy42830.422.247.4
Master of Odontology53119.414.765.9
Master of Science in Business and Economics1 2809.16.684.3
Master of Technology, Graduate engineering degree3 9248.34.387.5
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education5 7733.42.594.0
Master degree, teacher training2 9325.84.290.0
 
6 year degree4 7156.65.687.9
Of which
Cand.med. (Medicine)2 6997.07.585.5
Cand.theol.847.10.092.9
Cand.psychol.1 5635.13.691.3
Cand.med.vet. (Veterinary Science)3699.20.890.0

Table 6 
Parents’ level of education for resident students in Norway

Parents’ level of education for resident students in Norway
200420142019
All residentsPropotion which was registered in higher educationAll residentsPropotion which was registered in higher educationAll residentsPropotion which was registered in higher education
19-24 years
Males166 83025.1210 44727.1210 33828.5
Mother or father has long higher education16 16754.622 63254.727 93053.5
Mother or father has short higher education42 17037.563 72637.670 28236.7
Mother or father has upper secondary education80 37918.287 77319.379 31319.6
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education20 9898.820 63711.617 73114.1
Not stated7 12510.015 6798.215 0827.9
 
Females160 95336.5198 64141.3195 64743.5
Mother or father has long higher education14 98864.421 37964.826 11662.9
Mother or father has short higher education40 38951.760 00353.566 48852.7
Mother or father has upper secondary education75 99131.382 23936.374 51537.3
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education19 93216.319 57021.416 63625.6
Not stated9 65312.315 45012.811 89214.6
 
25-29 years
Males144 95715.4178 90013.5188 75013.9
Mother or father has long higher education11 79235.615 35230.518 22628.8
Mother or father has short higher education30 50823.842 42721.251 83320.1
Mother or father has upper secondary education73 85011.868 27910.473 0319.9
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education17 1246.218 0566.717 1857.0
Not stated11 6839.234 7866.228 4757.5
 
Females143 28117.9172 83117.0180 31317.9
Mother or father has long higher education11 21635.814 48731.217 18431.2
Mother or father has short higher education28 67427.040 02025.548 87024.2
Mother or father has upper secondary education70 89615.164 88915.568 27515.4
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education16 6649.117 01110.916 22811.7
Not stated15 83110.536 4247.629 7569.1

About the statistics

The statistics cover all students registered in higher education as of October 1. Persons enrolled in doctoral programs (PhD) are not included. It includes students taking entire study programs abroad, excluding exchange students. Statistics covering new students in higher education is updated in June.

 

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enrolled students: Students registered at an approved institution for higher education in Norway and students from Norway registered abroad in higher education, excluding exchange students.

Type of school: According to the Standard Industrial Classification of 2007. The schools are classified as Universities, Specialized University Institutions, and University Colleges, where University Colleges are again divided into three main groups: State University Colleges, Military Colleges and “other university colleges.”

Educational activity: According to the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000). Programmes are classified according to their level and field of study

School county/school municipality: The county/municipality where the institution is located. 

County of residence at 16 years: County where the student resided at the age 16.

Highest educational attainment of parents: Parental educational attainment is divided into four categories: (1) Primary and lower secondary education, (2) Upper secondary education, (3) Higher education, short (at least two years, but also 4 years or less), and (4) Higher education, long (more than four years). Parental educational attainment is defined by that of the parents with the highest level of education. For example, if the parental educational attainment of a student is “(3) Higher education, short,” it implies that at least one of the parents has education at this level. Cases where there is no information on the level of education of any of the parents falls into the “Unspecified” group. See also the definitions of educational level.

Immigrants: Persons born abroad of two foreign-born parents and four foreign-born grandparents.

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents: Persons who are born in Norway of two parents born abroad, and in addition have four grandparents born abroad.

Teacher training and pedagogy programmes include: Teacher training programme; Various bachelor’s programmes in pre-school/kindergarten teacher education, specific subject/vocational teacher education and within pedagogy; General teacher/primary and lower secondary teacher programme and specific subject/vocational teacher education; Master’s programmes in teacher training and pedagogy; Postgraduate programmes for teachers.

Age: Estimated as of December 31.

Standard classifications

Educational activities are grouped by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education which was established in 1970 by Statistics Norway and later revised in 1973, 1989 and 2000. Educational institutions are classified as being higher education by the Standard Industrial Classification

For international purposes, the ISCED 2011 is used (International Standard Classification of Education).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Students in higher education
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level, at municipal level and by educational institution. Data on enrolment in higher education includes information that makes it possible to provide figures at other regional levels.

Frequency and timeliness

Final figures are published annually in March/April and refer to enrolment in higher education as of October 1 the year before.

International reporting

Data on enrolment is delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat (U-O-E).

Microdata

Statistics Norway stores all data in a proper, standardised manner in consultation with the Norwegian Data Protection Authority.

Statistics Norway can deliver supplementary data and tables related to these statistics. To order supplementary data and tables, please contact Statistics Norway: oppdragutdanning@ssb.no. The price will depend on the size of the order.

Background

Background and purpose

There is a high demand for the collection of official statistics on education. Official education statistics are individually based and document all educational activities for current students at universities and colleges in Norway and abroad.

Norway’s education statistics went through a structural readjustment in the beginning of the 1970’s. All statistics on higher education were previously available through a census. The data is now individually based, where all educational activities are attached to each individual’s personal ID-number. The data is contained in the National Education Database (NUDB), in a format that allows the production of different kinds of education statistics and alignment with other types of individually based statistics where necessary (e.g. income, social-welfare).

The purpose of the statistics is to present individually based statistics of students in higher education in Norway and abroad.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, public administration, researchers, special interest organisations, international organisations (Eurostat, OECD and UNESCO), media, business and industry. In addition, data is used internally in Statistics Norway in publications and in assignments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8:00 AM. Prior to this, a minimum of three months’ advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Data from higher education is combined with data from lower- and upper secondary education when revision processes are complete. Data is then stored as single annual files in the National Education Database (NUDB). Statistics Norway uses a similar system for all individually based statistics, making it easy to combine education statistics with other statistics. Labour market statistics, health statistics, living conditions statistics and income and wage statistics are examples of other individually based statistics compiled by Statistics Norway.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, sections 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

The statistics cover all students of educational institutions that are classified as universities, specialised universities or university colleges in the Standard Industrial Classification per 1 October each year.

Universities: Nord University, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University (formerly known as Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences), Norwegian University of Science and Technology, University of Agder, University of Bergen, University of Oslo, University of South-Eastern Norway, University of Stavanger, and UiT The Arctic University of Norway. 

Specialised University Institutions: BI – Norwegian Business School, MF Norwegian School of Theology, Religion and Society, Molde University College – Specialized University in Logistics, NHH – Norwegian School of Economics, Norwegian Academy of Music, Oslo National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo School of Architecture and Design, and VID Specialized University. 

University Colleges are grouped into: State University Colleges, Military University Colleges and “other university colleges.” State University College is a term derived from the reform of 1994 in colleges in Norway, which resulted in the consolidation of 98 smaller state colleges into 26 larger units. 

In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education has been merged into larger units, see changes in educational institutions (in Norwegian).

As some University Colleges were merged in 2016 into larger units, there was a decrease in the number of students in University Colleges, as well as a corresponding increase in the number of students in Universities and in Specialized University Institutions.

There are several criteria for how a student’s educational activity is recorded. Each student can be registered as active in only one educational activity, although he/she may be registered for several educational activities or educational institutions at the same time. If a student is registered for several activities or several institutions at the same time, education at the highest level is maintained above others, educational activity at a Specialised University Institution is chosen over education at other types of school, and full-time activity is chosen over part-time activities. If a student is enrolled in several part-time educational activities, the one with highest level is chosen. Persons in doctoral programmes (PhD) are not included. 

Information on students abroad only includes students who take a whole degree abroad, excluding exchange students.

Data sources and sampling

Pursuant to the Statistical Act, Statistics Norway collects student data from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of various higher education institutions.

Information on students abroad is provided by the State Education Loan Fund.

Surveys are not employed to collect education statistics. All data is obtained from university and college databases.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Pursuant to the Statistical Act (June 1989, No.54), Statistics Norway collects student data from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH), the administrative systems of various higher education institutions, and the State Education Loan Fund.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision and is performed on all educational data collected. It encompasses deletion of duplicate records, a control for correct and valid values for each variable, comparisons with last year’s data and checks for missing information. Several variables are re-coded to comply with control programs run by Statistics Norway. Personal ID-numbers are referenced against Statistics Norway’s population database to check for errors. At last, duplicate students are deleted, which implies that a student can only be counted once although the student may be registered for several educational activities or educational institutions at the same time.

Estimation: No estimation is performed. The statistics are based data obtained from university and college databases.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Data is not released where there are less than three units within a single cell in a table if there is a risk of identification, i.e. the data can be traced back to an identifiable person.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based data on students has been published annually since it was first collected in 1974. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000) has been revised to secure comparability over time. While educational variables are reasonably comparable over time, other variables, e.g. various institution types, cannot be re-coded and thus not comparable over time.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Statistical investigations may encounter various sources of error. The errors can occur either during data collection (in this case, registration of student information) or during data processing (control and revision processes performed by Statistics Norway).

It is difficult to estimate the extent of error in student registers. A person may be wrongly registered as being a student, especially for individual institutions that use a different enumeration date than Statistics Norway (October 1). There could be an overestimation of enrolled students since student registration occur with payment of registration fees rather than enrolment in courses. In addition, some students could remain as enrolled students in the system even after graduating. There is also the possibility of students reporting inaccurate information about themselves in registration. Personal responsible for reporting student data at institutions could also make errors during data processing. 

Information on students abroad is provided by the State Education Loan Fund. However, Norwegian students abroad who are not registered in the State Education Loan Fund’s system are missed out in the statistics. 

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.