406618
/en/utdanning/statistikker/lvm/aar
406618
statistikk
2020-06-18T08:00:00.000Z
Education
en
lvm, Lifelong learning, adult education, training, Learning Conditions Monitor (LCM)Adult education, Education
true

Lifelong learning

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

37 %

of those not employed participate in formal education

Participation in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education1
Participants (per cent)
202020192010
1Persons 15-66 years
2Includes persons 15-59 years
3Includes persons 22-59 years
Formal education2
Employed persons151415
Not employed373638
Formal supplementary education3
Employed persons667
Not employed777
Non-formal education
Employed persons494746
Not employed141314

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Age of participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education among employed and not employed

Age of participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education among employed and not employed1
2020
Participants (per cent)
Formal education2Formal supplementary education3Non-formal education
1Persons 15-66 years
2Includes persons 15-59 years
3Includes persons 22-59 years
Employed persons
Males
15-59 years14547
15-21 years72-35
22-29 years28743
30-39 years9850
40-49 years4449
50-59 years2246
Females
15-59 years20851
15-21 years78-26
22-29 years40845
30-39 years131255
40-49 years9956
50-59 years4456
Not employed
Males
15-59 years50717
15-21 years89-16
22-29 years651221
30-39 years282819
40-49 years::19
50-59 years::9
Females
15-59 years461114
15-21 years94-16
22-29 years601517
30-39 years302917
40-49 years151510
50-59 years::10

Table 2 
Industries for participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education

Industries for participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education1
2020
Participants (per cent)
Formal education2Formal supplementary education3Non-formal education
1Persons 15-66 years
2Includes persons 15-59 years
3Includes persons 22-59 years
Both sexes
All industries15649
Agriculture, forestry and fishing12:42
Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply7344
Construction11442
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles21435
Transportation and storage5:42
Accommodation and food service activities31:31
Information and communication10449
Financial and insurance activities::67
Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities11450
Public adm., defence, soc. security13565
Education221257
Human health and social work activities17856
Other service activities21749
Males
All industries12446
Agriculture, forestry and fishing11:43
Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply7343
Construction11441
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles17340
Transportation and storage5:42
Accommodation and food service activities25:31
Information and communication9:45
Financial and insurance activities::66
Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities9349
Public adm., defence, soc. security11:64
Education261057
Human health and social work activities171054
Other service activities19846
Females
All industries18751
Agriculture, forestry and fishing:::
Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply10:47
Construction::50
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles26530
Transportation and storage::40
Accommodation and food service activities35:31
Information and communication13:59
Financial and insurance activities::69
Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities15551
Public adm., defence, soc. security14665
Education201356
Human health and social work activities17857
Other service activities23:52

Table 3 
Level of education for participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education among employed and not employed

Level of education for participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education among employed and not employed1
2020
Participants (per cent)
Formal education2Formal supplementary education3Non-formal education
1Persons 15-66 years
2Includes persons 15-59 years
3Includes persons 22-59 years
Employed persons
Males
Total12446
Basic school level19332
Upper secondary education11342
Tertiary vocational education::46
Higher education, short15754
Higher education, long6563
Unknown level of education:::
Females
Total18751
Basic school level26432
Upper secondary education21641
Tertiary vocational education::53
Higher education, short181061
Higher education, long9766
Unknown level of education:-:
Not employed
Males
Total39615
Basic school level43516
Upper secondary education37713
Tertiary vocational education:::
Higher education, short36:16
Higher education, long:::
Unknown level of education86-:
Females
Total35813
Basic school level40610
Upper secondary education30813
Tertiary vocational education:::
Higher education, short321213
Higher education, long20:28
Unknown level of education91::

Table 4 
Occupational groups of participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education

Occupational groups of participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education1
2020
Participants (per cent)
Formal education2Formal supplementary education3Non-formal education
1Persons 15-66 years
2Includes persons 15-59 years
3Includes persons 22-59 years
Both sexes
Managers6558
Professionals13861
Technicians and associate professionals9557
Clerical support workers12437
Service and sales workers28740
Craft and related trades workers12439
Plant and machine operators and assemblers6:31
Other occupations19537
Males
Managers4:54
Professionals11557
Technicians and associate professionals9456
Clerical support workers10:35
Service and sales workers28841
Craft and related trades workers11340
Plant and machine operators and assemblers5:33
Other occupations17436
Females
Managers9864
Professionals14964
Technicians and associate professionals10657
Clerical support workers14:39
Service and sales workers28640
Craft and related trades workers:::
Plant and machine operators and assemblers:::
Other occupations23639

Table 5 
Counties for participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education

Counties for participants in formal education, formal supplementary education and non-formal education1
2020
Participants (per cent)
Formal education2Formal supplementary education3Non-formal education
1Persons 15-66 years
2Includes persons 15-59 years
3Includes persons 22-59 years
Employed persons
Viken13649
Oslo17550
Innlandet13648
Vestfold og Telemark13547
Agder15848
Rogaland16648
Vestland16548
Møre og Romsdal14644
Trøndelag - Trööndelage18649
Nordland12:46
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku19853
Not employed
Viken36515
Oslo471118
Innlandet31714
Vestfold og Telemark29915
Agder34:10
Rogaland3099
Vestland43812
Møre og Romsdal26::
Trøndelag - Trööndelage50:19
Nordland28:12
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku31::

About the statistics

The Learning Conditions Monitor (LCM) is an annual ad hoc module to Statistics Norway’s Labour Force Survey (LFS) in the first quarter. The ad hoc survey focuses mainly on participation in education.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions in the LFS are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations, persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages.

Lifelong learning is here defined as all organised learning activity undertaken throughout life, and which results in improving knowledge, know-how, skills, competences and/or qualifications for personal, social and/or professional reasons.

Education refers to formal education as defined below.

Formal education includes all education leading to a qualification which is recognised in a (or the equivalent of a) national framework of qualification, e.g. elementary school, lower secondary school, modules or courses in upper secondary school, apprentices and practice candidates in upper secondary education, technical vocational schools, tertiary education giving official credit points and further education leading to a professional specialisation. Persons older than 60 years are not asked about their participation in formal education, as SSBs register based statistics show that there are only few students being 60 years or older. In this statistics, fomal education includes persons aged 15-59 years.

Formal supplementary education includes education leading to a qualification which is recognised in a (or the equivalent of a) national framework of qualification. All formal supplementary education is also regarded as formal education, but not the other way around. Formal supplementary education is, in many cases, a specialization or an extention of a previously compleded education. In this statistics, formal supplementary education is defined as formal education taken by the following groups: 1) all persons aged 35-59 years that at the time of interview state that they have participated in formal education within the 12 past months, and 2) persons aged 22-34 years that at the time of interview state that thay have participated in formal education within the 12 past months, and at the same time have had a break/pause in their education of at least 3 years since they first entered. In this statistics, formal supplementary education includes persons aged 22-59 years. 

Non-formal education/training is any organised learning activity that is not formal education. It includes courses, seminars and conferences (where learning is the main purpose), public lectures and private lessons not part of formal education. The definition of non-formal education/training used in the Learning Conditions Monitor does not include guided on-the-job training.

Both formal education and non-formal education/training are institutionalised forms of learning. This entails that there is an organisation providing structured arrangements (which must include something similar to a student-teacher-relationship) especially designed for education and learning.

Training refers to non-formal education/training as defined here.

Informal learning is not institutionalised learning. Thus, it is less organised and less structured than formal education and non-formal education/training, often undertaken by the individual on his/her own. It may include watching TV or reading a book with the intention to learn, intentional learning from colleagues or family members, guided tours in a museum etc. The importance of the intention to learn when undertaking an activity separates informal learning from random learning.

Learning-intensive work refers to employment that requiers updating of skills and acquiring of new ones, with good possibilities to develop new skills during the daily work.

For discussions and examples used to clarify the differences between formal, non-formal and informal learning, see Eurostats Classification of Learning activities - Manual.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification of economic activities is in accordance with the Standard industrial Classification (SN2002) until 2007, and SN2007 from 2008 onwards. The standard is based on the EU standard if NACE rev. 1.1.

Occupation is coded in accordance with the Standard classification of occupations, based on ISCO-08.

Educational attainment level is primarily based on information from register information in the National Education Database.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Lifelong learning
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level.

Frequency and timeliness

The Learning Conditions Monitor (LCM) is an annual ad hoc module to Statistic Norway’s Labour Force Survey (LFS) in the first quarter. The reference-period for this survey is the last 12 months prior to the interview.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored. Anonymized microdata are sent to Norwegian Centre for Research Data (NSD).

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the LFS is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The Learning Conditions Monitor has provided valuable information on adult learning. The LCM is developed by the Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research and financed by the Ministry of Education and Research. Since 2015, Skills Norway is responsible for the LCM. The LCM has been conducted as an annual ad hoc module to the LFS from 2003-2006, and from 2008. The sample size is about 20 000 respondents. The Norwegian AES has been adapted to assure the continuation of time series on some main indicators from the LCM such as learning demands and possibilities through the daily work, adult participation in formal education, further education and non-formal training and providers of job related non-formal training.  

Users and applications

By providing the relevant authorities and other users with information about the scope, form, content, and financing of adult learning, as well as the motivation and obstacles for education and training, the LCM contributes to the knowledge base for policy development.

Key users in Norway include the Ministry of Education and Research as well as some other Ministries, trade unions, research institutions, international organisations etc.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

This statistic is a part of the statistics of adult education and other tuition in Norway. For international comparisons, se the Adult Education Survey: www.ssb.no/vol_en

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

LFS: Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006, the group was 16-74 and age was defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006, age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone. The questions in LCM is only asked in the first quarter.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

A sample of LFS respondents are asked to answer the questions in the LCM. LCM includes persons aged 15-66 years.

Sample surveys LCM (in Norwegian)

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Interviews in the LFS are conducted by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information). The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Proxy interviews are not used for the LCM. Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision. Several automatic checks have been implemented in the electronic questionnaires to prevent erroneous/inconsistent answers, flagging warnings when such errors occur asking the respondent to provide a new and valid answer.

Estimation: Person is the unit for analysis. The accurate number of persons in the population being represented by one person in the sample, the inflation factor, varies, with 170 on an average for quarterly figures. From 2018, estimations are done by a (multiple) calibration model.

For detailed information about the estimation method launched in 2018, see se Documents 2018/16 [https://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/artikler-og-publikasjoner/new-estimation-methodology-for-the-norwegian-labour-force-survey].

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

It is possible to compare results on certain indicators in the AES with results on similar indicators in the Learning Conditions Monitors. Some additional questions have been added to the AES 2007 questionnaire to assure correspondence with filters and concepts used in these surveys.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys, errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data.

The response rate in the LFS is about 85 per cent. Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

The estimates from the LFS are based on a sample of family units. Somewhat different results might have been obtained if a different sample or a complete census had been taken using the same questionnaires, interviewers, processing, etc. as those actually used in the LFS. The uncertainty introduced by sampling is called the sampling error or standard deviation of the estimates.

From 2019, estimates based on less than 5 000 weighted observations are not presented. Estimates based on weighted observations between 5 000 and 17 000 are regarded as uncertain estimates. 

Revision

See principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.