439910
/en/utdanning/statistikker/barnehager/aar-endelige
439910
statistikk
2021-03-02T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Public sector;Immigration and immigrants;Svalbard
en
barnehager, Kindergartens, kindergartens, private kindergartens, public kindergartens, non-municipal kindergartens, coverage, part-time place, duration of stay, minority language children, refugee kindergartens, family kindergartens, open kindergartens, kindergarten personnel, nursery nursesKOSTRA , Education, Education, Kindergartens, Public sector, Immigration and immigrants, Education, Svalbard
true

Kindergartens

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

92.8 %

of all children aged 1-5 attended kindergarten

Main figures - Kindergartens
2020Difference from last yearDifference last 5 years
Number of children in kindergarten272 264-3 540-11 344
Percentage of children 1-5 years92.80.61.4
Percentage of children 1-2 years85.41.42.5
Percentage of children 3-5 years97.30.20.3
 
Number of kindergartens5 620-110-467
Percentage of public kindergartens4701
 
Employees95 909-8351 935
Percentage of directors and educational leaders with pre-school teacher education89.9-0.56.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Number of kindergartens, employees and children, by county.

Number of kindergartens, employees and children, by county.
KindergartensPublic kindergartensPrivate kindergartensEmployees, totalChildren in kindergartensPercentage of children age 1-5 year in kindergarden
20185 7882 7093 07996 098278 57891.8
20195 7302 7013 02996 744275 80492.2
20205 6202 6562 96495 909272 26492.8
 
2020
Viken1 23847176721 92963 76691.9
Oslo69931438511 95536 37391.4
Innlandet3752041715 78815 72493.2
Vestfold og Telemark3831901936 85219 53892.5
Agder3581292295 76715 59491.4
Rogaland4492302199 73527 39791.5
Vestland65331034311 84434 04993.9
Møre og Romsdal2781451334 86213 31994.6
Trøndelag - Trööndelage5642932718 86224 00095.1
Nordland3141701444 06411 10294.4
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku3071981094 21511 30393.9
Svalbard2203699.

Table 2 
Children in kindergartens by age.

Children in kindergartens by age.
Total0 years1 year2 years3 years4 years5 years6 years
2012286 1532 31842 75457 38461 40961 55660 338394
2013287 1771 89442 33656 36560 94962 98162 266386
2014286 4142 14541 14556 70959 84062 42263 746407
2015283 6082 20141 89555 36359 77561 03662 972366
2016282 6492 36643 01555 91058 30660 99961 708345
2017281 6222 24543 30056 17758 55859 48261 530330
2018278 5782 19642 15056 26458 43659 30359 836393
2019275 8042 29541 92154 15358 41159 07859 580366
2020272 2642 28542 31952 81056 00459 06659 390390

Table 3 
Children in kindergartens by hours of attendance per week and different age groups

Children in kindergartens by hours of attendance per week and different age groups
Total0-8 hours per week9-16 hours per week17-24 hours per week25-32 hours per week33-40 hours per week41 hours and over per weekPercentage in different age groups
All age groups272 2649395322 9184 906263 860
0 year2 285002143272 1944.3
1 year42 3193613474074440 69276.6
2 year52 81011012173099850 95094.1
3 year56 004239753597154 39696.7
4 year59 066010704781 05157 45797.6
5 year59 39037883911 10757 79497.7
6 year39003118377
 
0-5 years271 8749365312 9174 898263 48379.1
1-5 years269 5899365102 8744 871261 28992.8
1-2 years95 1294162551 4701 74291 64285.4
3-5 years174 4605202551 4043 129169 64797.3

Table 4 
Persons employed and man-years by employment position in kindergartens.

Persons employed and man-years by employment position in kindergartens.
20202019201820172016
1The profession «Assistants» is not in use from 2017.
2The category "Early childhood educators or other employees with the same qualifications" is not in use from 2017.
3The profession "Childcare and youth worker" is not in use from 2017.
All positions
Employees95 90996 74496 09894 54093 952
Man-years77 70078 05577 10175 53475 031
Directors
Employees5 9806 0546 1986 2496 300
Man-years4 7394 7864 7834 8214 803
Educational leaders
Employees31 53831 69431 24927 65227 021
Man-years29 37029 47628 97125 58324 968
Assistants1
Employees000028 923
Man-years000024 686
Bilingual assistants
Employees1 0351 2001 3471 3981 299
Man-years317358399405388
Early childhood educators or other employees with the same qualifications2
Employees0000812
Man-years0000593
Childcare and youth worker3
Employees000013 799
Man-years000012 368
Other primary functions
Employees40 32540 87340 67542 7900
Man-years35 02335 36835 16537 1230
Other educational personnel
Employees8 4878 3157 6987 4156 728
Man-years5 1194 9454 5654 3583 983
Office staff
Employees1 2131 2441 4531 4461 441
Man-years399411459478491
Other paid help
Employees7 3347 3647 4787 5907 629
Man-years2 7352 7112 7602 7662 750

Table 5 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex

Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex
20202019201820172016
Total number of persons employed95 90996 74496 09894 54093 952
Females84 38885 23084 77383 47083 221
Males11 52111 51411 32511 07010 731
Directors5 9806 0546 1986 2496 300
Females5 4185 5395 6745 7305 791
Males562515524519509
Educational leaders31 53831 69431 24927 65227 021
Females28 46128 73628 47725 30824 854
Males3 0772 9582 7722 3442 167
Other primary functions40 32540 87340 67542 79043 534
Females36 30636 74336 63238 63739 363
Males4 0194 1304 0434 1534 171
Bilingual assistants1 0351 2001 3471 3981 299
Females9431 0951 2411 2921 200
Males9210510610699
Other educational personal8 4878 3157 6987 4156 728
Females7 9477 7657 2006 9316 300
Males540550498484428
Office staff1 2131 2441 4531 4461 441
Females1 0001 0261 2061 1881 180
Males213218247258261
Other paid help7 3347 3647 4787 5907 629
Females4 3154 3264 3434 3844 533
Males3 0193 0383 1353 2063 096

Table 6 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications

Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications
20202019201820172016
Total number of persons employed95 90996 74496 09894 54093 952
 
Directors5 9806 0546 1986 2496 300
with pre-school teatcher education5 3785 4785 6395 6515 686
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children562431438446456
with vocational training612111211
 
Educational leaders31 53831 69431 24927 65227 021
with pre-school teatcher education28 36527 98427 08625 30024 726
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children9051 002826784683
with vocational training7369731 163429427
 
Other primary functions40 32540 87340 67542 79043 534
with pre-school teatcher education293264334560
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children874848824930
other college education1 1511 1631 1661 298
skilled worker training18 21617 57616 68016 620
other background19 79121 02221 67123 382
 
Bilingual assistants1 0351 2001 3471 3981 299
with pre-school teatcher education203255307328304
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children69102143
with vocational training135119113119114
 
Other educational personal8 4878 3157 6987 4156 728
with pre-school teatcher education2 2712 3732 2552 2052 027
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children138140118144238
with vocational training1 3601 2481 061981794
 
Office staff1 2131 2441 4531 4461 441
 
Other paid help7 3347 3647 4787 5907 629

About the statistics

The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, as well as supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

According to the Day Care Institutions Act of 1995, a kindergarten is defined as an approved educational establishment organized for children below the age of compulsory education. The Ministry of Education and Research determines regulations and guidelines for kindergartens, while municipalities issue the approvals.

A family day-care centre is a type of kindergarten that organizes its activities in a private home, based on the premise that a kindergarten teacher is employed as an educational supervisor. The kindergarten teacher should either be attached to an ordinary kindergarten or the municipal administration. The regulation on family day-care centres states that at least half of the children in a family day-care institution group must be other than the home's own children.

Open kindergartens do not have a set group of children. They are open to children accompanied by parents for playing and social gathering. The estimated number of children attending open kindergartens refers to the number of children who can visit the kindergarten at the same time. From 1999 and onwards, the number of children in open kindergartens is not included in the total number of children in kindergartens. Hence the number of children is not directly comparable before and after the change.

Man-year refers to a full-time employee (37.5 hours per week) for a year.

Children in kindergartens refers to the total number of children who have a place regardless of weekly attendance.

Age of children is given as of year-end.

Attendance refers to agreed attendance not actual attendance. 

Coverage is the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts. 

Linguistic and cultural minorities are children with ethnic languages and cultural backgrounds other than Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. 

Standard classifications

Part-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 0-8 hours, 9-16 hours, 17-24 hours or 25-32 hours per week.

Full-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 33-40 hours or 41 hours or more per week.

Public kindergartens : Kindergartens owned by the municipal, county municipal or state authorities.

Private kindergartens : Privately owned kindergartens, including privately owned kindergartens receiving subsidies from the municipality.

Non-municipal kindergartens: County municipal, state or privately owned kindergartens.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Kindergartens
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

The statistics are published on national, county and municipal level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual reports as of 15 December. Final figures are published in March. In addition, KOSTRA preliminary figures are published 15 March and final figures are published 15 June.

International reporting

Some data are delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

Microdata

All statistics about kindergartens at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate. Primary data and information on sample units are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

Kindergarten statistics were first collected in 1963, and have been developed since then. The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, and supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Users and applications

Important users of the kindergarten statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, municipal authorities, county governors, researchers and the media. The kindergarten statistics are also relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway, such as the Price level survey of households' payments in kindergartens, account statistics for private kindergartens and KOSTRA (Municipality - State - Reporting).

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on www.ssb.no at 08.00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway i.e. KOSTRA,national accounts, account statistics for private kindergartens, and others. Comparable statistics can be found at the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR)

Legal authority

The information is collected by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR) under the authority of the Day Care Institutions Act, section 7. Statistics Norway uses the reports to produce official statistics under the authority of the Statistics Act of 21 June 2019 No. 32 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway § 10.

EEA reference

Not relevant.

Production

Population

The statistics include all approved kindergartens of any form of ownership; municipal, county, state and private owned kindergartens. Information about children in kindergarten, institutions, persons employed and man-years worked is some of the data that is collected.

Some of the information that is collected is age, attendance per week in ordinary kindergartens, family day-care centres and number of children attending open kindergartens. The statistics also include the number of children relative to the number of employees/man-years and the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts.

Furthermore, data regarding the number of children that are given priority because of handicap, the number of children that are allocated extra resources and the number of children who receive training in their mother tongue is collected.

Employees and man-years are distributed by category of employment position, education and ownership. Employees are also distributed by gender.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on data that is compiled electronically through BASIL by the forms "Annual reports for kindergartens as of 15 December".

All approved kindergartens under the Day Care Institutions Act that receive subsidies are in the sample.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The web solution presently in use for the data collection is called BASIL (BArnehage-Statistikk-InnrapporteringsLøsning) and is owned by the Ministry of Education and Research. Username and password is sent to every kindergarten 1 December and the Annual reports for kindergartens are reported by 15 December, with a response deadline of four weeks.

The electronic forms have several checks active during the registration process. The information is also controlled and edited by the corresponding county governors and by Statistics Norway before data are aggregated and published. The controls are based on coherence between data and comparison to prior years.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The statistics are not published on institutional level.

Comparability over time and space

The compulsory schooling in Norway was extended from 9 to 10 years in 1997, which meant that 6-year-olds were enrolled in primary schools instead of kindergartens. This shift means that some time series like percentage of children attending kindergartens will have a break .

The categories of levels of attendance hours were changed from 1999. This was done because of the introduction of cash benefits for parents with small children 1-3 years old that are not attending kindergarten full-time. The former five categories were substituted by six new categories. The definition of full-time attendance in kindergarten was changed from 32 week-hours and more to 33 week-hours and more.

Children in open kindergartens were reported separately from 1999. Earlier they were reported among children in other types of kindergartens. While the statistics prior to 1999 included children in open kindergartens, the shift that was made in 1999 has enabled Statistics Norway to separate between:

  • The number of children in ordinary kindergartens (excluding children in open kindergartens, thus not directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)
  • The number of children with an offer of admission in kindergartens (including children in open kindergartens, thus directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)

Due to changes in the collection of educational background that were introduced in 2016, the figures are not directly comparable with previous years.

 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors may occur during completion of the forms in the kindergartens or by the municipal authorities. Most errors are discovered and corrected by manual or automatic controls, some errors may still occur.

This is a fullscale collection, and the response rate is equal to 100 per cent.  

Revision

Principals for revision in Statistics Norway