339266
/en/utdanning/statistikker/barnehager/aar-endelige
339266
statistikk
2018-04-04T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Svalbard;Immigration and immigrants;Public sector
en
barnehager, Kindergartens, kindergartens, private kindergartens, public kindergartens, non-municipal kindergartens, coverage, part-time place, duration of stay, minority language children, refugee kindergartens, family kindergartens, open kindergartens, kindergarten personnel, nursery nursesEducation, Kindergartens, Education, KOSTRA , Svalbard, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Public sector
true

Kindergartens

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

91.3 %

of all children aged 1-5 attended kindergarten

Main figures - Kindergartens
2017Difference from last yearDifference last 5 years
Number of children in kindergarten281 622-1 027-4 531
Percentage of children 1-5 years91.30.31.2
Percentage of children 1-2 years82.50.52.3
Percentage of children 3-5 years97.00.20.4
 
Number of kindergartens5 876-104-521
Percentage of public kindergartens4700
 
Employees94 5405883 301
Percentage of employees to primary functions81.1-0.7-2.2
Percentage of directors and educational leaders with pre-school teacher education91.30.05.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Kindergartens, children and employees by county

Kindergartens, children and employees by county
KindergartensKindergartensKindergartensEmployeesChildrenChildren
TotalPublic kindergartensPrivate kindergartensEmployeed, totalChildren in kindergartensPercentage 1-5 years
20076 6223 0063 61676 089249 81584.3
20086 7053 0823 62381 450261 88687.2
20096 6753 0963 57984 884270 17488.5
20106 5793 0463 53387 401277 13989.3
20116 4693 0003 46988 823282 73789.7
20126 3972 9863 41191 239286 15390.1
20136 2962 9553 34193 573287 17790.0
20146 2052 8933 31293 814286 41490.2
20156 0872 8363 25193 974283 60890.4
20165 9802 7893 19193 952282 64991.1
20175 8762 7363 14094 540281 62291.3
 
2017
Østfold277891884 62214 20689.6
Akershus69526343211 43635 49292.6
Oslo73331242111 83737 03388.2
Hedmark200115853 0728 71692.4
Oppland2101101003 0758 55791.3
Buskerud2991101814 73314 23390.7
Vestfold2361071294 07712 14190.9
Telemark175100752 8218 18291.5
Aust-Agder157541032 2666 16990.9
Vest-Agder220771433 55110 30189.8
Rogaland4612332289 62428 45089.8
Hordaland5252023239 31829 60491.9
Sogn og Fjordane150116342 1265 65193.5
Møre og Romsdal2951581374 81413 80792.4
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)3922041886 15917 627.
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)197851122 6677 240.
Nordland3291821474 05811 91193.3
Troms - Romsa223141822 9708 54694.4
Finnmark - Finnmárku10068321 2853 67390.4
Svalbard2202983.

Table 2 
Children in kindergartens, by age and county

Children in kindergartens, by age and county
Total0 years1 years2 years3 years4 years5 years6 yearsPercentage 1-5 years
2007249 8152 56435 40946 30254 16955 81255 00355684.3
2008261 8862 71339 13450 34255 09357 06857 07446287.1
2009270 1742 70642 24651 65957 48957 49158 06551888.5
2010277 1392 60344 31754 40857 77559 37858 18047889.3
2011282 7372 59944 31656 08359 74059 54860 03142089.6
2012286 1532 31842 75457 38461 40961 55660 33839490.1
2013287 1771 89442 33656 36560 94962 98162 26638690.0
2014286 4142 14541 14556 70959 84062 42263 74640790.2
2015283 6082 20141 89555 36359 77561 03662 97236690.4
2016282 6492 36643 01555 91058 30660 99961 70834591.0
2017281 6222 24543 30056 17758 55859 48261 53033091.3
 
Østfold14 2061421 9882 7353 0173 0643 251989.6
Akershus35 4922735 4646 9087 3487 5377 9243892.6
Oslo37 0332016 3567 5917 8427 4707 5145988.2
Hedmark8 716611 3041 6731 7711 8602 0291892.4
Oppland8 557581 2181 6861 8551 8131 9111691.3
Buskerud14 2331171 9832 8063 0653 0153 2212690.7
Vestfold12 1411331 8092 4132 4952 5792 6981490.9
Telemark8 182781 2471 5351 6711 7871 8451991.5
Aust-Agder6 169708751 2271 2321 3171 4381090.9
Vest-Agder10 301821 3922 0372 0962 2662 4181089.8
Rogaland28 4501864 0655 7565 9936 0796 3442789.8
Hordaland29 6043144 7396 0626 0646 0926 3092491.9
Sogn og Fjordane5 651288231 1511 2101 1661 269493.5
Møre og Romsdal13 8071242 0712 7332 8192 9443 0932392.4
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)17 6271022 9513 5773 6633 7063 6131594.1
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)7 240571 0961 4451 4911 6031 548093.4
Nordland11 911551 8522 3722 4362 5952 594793.3
Troms - Romsa8 5461131 4531 7081 7421 7761 746894.4
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 67351598740735792754390.4
Svalbard83016221321110

Table 3 
Children in kindergartens, by weekly attendance, ownership structure of kindergarten and county

Children in kindergartens, by weekly attendance, ownership structure of kindergarten and county
2017
Total0-89-1617-2425-3233-4041-
All kindergartens281 62239839004 4317 294268 875
Østfold14 206044525011513 792
Akershus35 4921503716338634 891
Oslo37 0330013837736 860
Hedmark8 71615452755067 884
Oppland8 55702603729327 191
Buskerud14 233014222231413 654
Vestfold12 141112415011411 851
Telemark8 18200372525297 364
Aust-Agder6 16901342403275 567
Vest-Agder10 30100244405229 315
Rogaland28 4500165860278526 989
Hordaland29 604016931334928 872
Sogn og Fjordane5 65171281483015 166
Møre og Romsdal13 8077136228446212 979
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)17 6271196827167016 598
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)7 24025361403476 710
Nordland11 9114139912935411 312
Troms - Romsa8 5460058731298 286
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 673116123753 512
Svalbard830001082
 
Public kindergartens141 75121576322 6375 132133 272
Østfold5 3800233148485 149
Akershus16 84500238824416 490
Oslo20 9440011483220 853
Hedmark4 85900281453214 365
Oppland5 08401342367314 082
Buskerud6 11601321332405 710
Vestfold6 1201019100695 931
Telemark4 34500291854053 726
Aust-Agder2 27700201341771 946
Vest-Agder4 7170082432934 173
Rogaland14 4830134033557413 521
Hordaland10 863005414123710 431
Sogn og Fjordane4 24871241132453 858
Møre og Romsdal6 587713431403436 041
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)11 571185219549110 824
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)3 4902514701973 202
Nordland6 078312791053255 554
Troms - Romsa5 164004962984 955
Finnmark - Finnmárku2 497014015622 379
Svalbard830001082
 
Private kindergartens139 87118262681 7942 162135 603
Østfold8 8260212102678 643
Akershus18 647150147514218 401
Oslo16 089002354516 007
Hedmark3 85715171301853 519
Oppland3 47301261362013 109
Buskerud8 117001089747 944
Vestfold6 02101550455 920
Telemark3 837008671243 638
Aust-Agder3 89201141061503 621
Vest-Agder5 58400161972295 142
Rogaland13 967031826721113 468
Hordaland18 741011517211218 441
Sogn og Fjordane1 40300435561 308
Møre og Romsdal7 22000191441196 938
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)6 05601116761795 774
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)3 7500022701503 508
Nordland5 833112024295 758
Troms - Romsa3 38200911313 331
Finnmark - Finnmárku1 17610218131 133
Svalbard0000000

Table 4 
Children in kindergartens, by hours of attendance per week and different age groups

Children in kindergartens, by hours of attendance per week and different age groups
Total0-8 hours per week9-16 hours per week17-24 hours per week25-32 hours per week33-40 hours per week41 hours and over per weekPercentage in different age groups
All age groups281 62239839004 4317 294268 875
0 year2 245273375302 0983.9
1 year43 3004293197791 08041 08972.1
2 year56 1777192031 0791 47753 39292.9
3 year58 558781079411 49156 00496.1
4 year59 482581148571 58456 91497.3
5 year61 53014121236971 62359 06197.6
6 year33000139317
 
0-5 years281 29239838994 4287 285268 55877.6
1-5 years279 04737768664 3537 255266 46091.3
1-2 years99 47711485221 8582 55794 48182.5
3-5 years179 57026283442 4954 698171 97997.0

Table 5 
Persons employed and man-years worked in kindergartens, by employment position and county

Persons employed and man-years worked in kindergartens, by employment position and county
TotalDirectorsEducational leadersKindergarten teacher og equivalentChildcare and youth workerAssistantsBilingual assistantsOther educational personalOffice staffOther paid help
Persons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-yearsPersons employedMan-years
201393 57374 3736 7605 13026 09324 137000043 67637 6411 1483886 3673 8021 4955008 0342 775
201493 81474 9986 6595 04425 15823 6391 4001 11311 91710 75931 17126 8201 3674346 3583 7951 5795148 2052 880
201593 97474 6476 3674 84626 87824 67595175813 01011 59629 76125 3921 3303846 2393 6761 4985167 9402 804
201693 95275 0316 3004 80327 02124 96881259313 79912 36828 92324 6861 2993886 7283 9831 4414917 6292 750
201794 54075 5346 2494 82127 65225 5830000001 3984057 4154 3581 4464787 5902 766
 
2017
Østfold4 6221 9343032331 3891 3000000006518430216238201384140
Akershus11 436..6715433 2633 045000000193..94552417449827284
Oslo11 837..8155253 3833 198000000166..775387267..798291
Hedmark3 0721 2182131708918070000003512220121361227096
Oppland3 0751 24420816691781600000041132311342910304105
Buskerud4 7331 9122942461 3681 26800000074293862305820380119
Vestfold4 0771 7432752141 2251 14100000060153522384719327116
Telemark2 821..18714286979100000094..20111035..24379
Aust-Agder2 266875155108651570000000157195111371321166
Vest-Agder3 551..2361711 04092500000056..289..48..30896
Rogaland9 6243 8245344602 6612 4500000002753991053614057691282
Hordaland9 318..5724872 9652 78400000092..642359104..697269
Sogn og Fjordane2 12687216011964155900000049241409616818766
Møre og Romsdal4 8141 9723142521 3881 26700000040144272754323377141
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)6 159..4413181 8411 6850000006222463303220..522209
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)2 6671 076194146788707000000219171109281128194
Nordland4 0581 7343102521 1481 10100000023113222182911395141
Troms - Romsa2 9701 2912691788598200000002272281635112263111
Finnmark - Finnmárku1 285562968835634100000014787647312359
Svalbard2914229900000011100121

Table 6 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex

Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex
20172016201520142013
Total number of persons employed94 54093 95293 97493 81493 573
Females83 47083 22183 38582 98782 816
Males11 07010 73110 58910 82710 757
Directors6 2496 3006 3676 6596 760
Females5 7305 7915 8356 1066 210
Males519509532553550
Educational leaders27 65227 02126 87825 15826 093
Females25 30824 85424 85423 30424 233
Males2 3442 1672 0241 8541 860
Kindergarten teacher or equivalent08129511 4000
Females07408701 2570
Males072811430
Childcare and youth worker013 79913 01011 9170
Females013 03087011 3190
Males07696795980
Assistents028 92329 76131 17143 676
Females025 59326 34127 71239 465
Males03 3303 4203 4594 211
Bilingual assistants1 3981 2991 3301 3671 148
Females1 2921 2001 2411 2691 053
Males10699899895
Other educational personal7 4156 7286 2396 3586 367
Females6 9316 3005 8285 9556 001
Males484428411403366
Office staff1 4461 4411 4981 5791 495
Females1 1881 1801 2341 3141 243
Males258261264265252
Other paid help7 5907 6297 9408 2058 034
Females4 3844 5334 8514 7514 611
Males3 2063 0963 0893 4543 423

Table 7 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications

Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications
20172016201520142013
Total number of persons employed94 54093 95293 97493 81493 573
 
Directors6 2496 3006 3676 6596 760
with pre-school teatcher education5 6515 6865 9016 1386 132
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children446456337404434
with vocational training1211151116
 
Educational leaders27 65227 02126 87825 15826 093
with pre-school teatcher education25 30024 72624 62022 49022 539
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children7846839851 1421 349
with vocational training429427514518712
 
Kindergarten teacher or equivalent08129511 4000
with pre-school teatcher education07157851 2680
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children0971661330
 
Childcare and youth worker013 79913 01011 9170
with vocational training013 799000
 
Assistents028 92329 76131 17143 676
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children004 9031 708881
other college education02 013000
skilled worker training02 018000
other background024 89224 85829 3910
 
Bilingual assistants1 3981 2991 3301 3671 148
with pre-school teatcher education328304383306124
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children214316912982
with vocational training119114848071
 
Other educational personal7 4156 7286 2396 3586 367
with pre-school teatcher education2 2052 0272 2042 2242 065
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children1442381 031938944
with vocational training981794747684613
 
Office staff1 4461 4411 4981 5791 495
Other paid help7 5907 6297 9408 2058 034

About the statistics

The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, and supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

According to the Day Care Institutions Act of 1995, a kindergarten is defined as an approved educational establishment organized for children below the age of compulsory education. The Ministry of Education and Research determines regulations and guidelines for kindergartens, while municipalities issue the approvals.

A family day-care centre is a type of kindergarten that organizes its activities in a private home, based on the premise that a kindergarten teacher is employed as an educational supervisor. The kindergarten teacher should either be attached to an ordinary kindergarten or the municipal administration. The regulation on family day-care centres states that at least half of the children in a family day-care institution group must be other than the home's own children.

Open kindergartens do not have a set group of children. They are open to children accompanied by parents for playing and social gathering. The estimated number of children attending open kindergartens refers to the number of children who can visit the kindergarten at the same time. From 1999 and onwards, the number of children in open kindergartens is not included in the total number of children in kindergartens. Hence the number of children is not directly comparable before and after the change.

Man-year refers to a full-time employee (37.5 hours per week) for a year.

Children in kindergartens refers to the total number of children who have a place regardless of weekly attendance.

Age of children is given as of year-end.

Attendance refers to agreed attendance not actual attendance. 

Coverage is the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts. 

Linguistic and cultural minorities are children with ethnic languages and cultural backgrounds other than Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. 

Standard classifications

Part-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 0-8 hours, 9-16 hours, 17-24 hours or 25-32 hours per week.

Full-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 33-40 hours or 41 hours or more per week.

Public kindergartens : Kindergartens owned by the municipal, county municipal or state authorities.

Private kindergartens : Privately owned kindergartens, including privately owned kindergartens receiving subsidies from the municipality.

Non-municipal kindergartens: County municipal, state or privately owned kindergartens.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Kindergartens
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

The statistics are published on national, county and municipal level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual reports as of 15 December. Final figures are published in March. In addition, KOSTRA preliminary figures are published 15 March and final figures are published 15 June.

International reporting

Some data are delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

Microdata

All statistics about kindergartens at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate. Primary data and information on sample units are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

Kindergarten statistics were first collected in 1963, and have been developed since then. The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, and supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Users and applications

Important users of the kindergarten statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, municipal authorities, county governors, researchers and the media. The kindergarten statistics are also relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway, such as the Price level survey of households' payments in kindergartens, account statistics for private kindergartens and KOSTRA (Municipality - State - Reporting).

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on www.ssb.no at 08.00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway i.e. KOSTRA,national accounts, account statistics for private kindergartens, and others. Comparable statistics can be found at the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR)

Legal authority

The information is collected by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR) under the authority of the Day Care Institutions Act, section 7. Statistics Norway uses the reports to produce official statistics under the authority of the Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 regarding official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Not relevant.

Production

Population

The statistics include all approved kindergartens of any form of ownership; municipal, county, state and private owned kindergartens. Information about children in kindergarten, institutions, persons employed and man-years worked is some of the data that is collected.

Some of the information that is collected is age, attendance per week in ordinary kindergartens, family day-care centres and number of children attending open kindergartens. The statistics also include the number of children relative to the number of employees/man-years and the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts.

Furthermore, data regarding the number of children that are given priority because of handicap, the number of children that are allocated extra resources and the number of children who receive training in their mother tongue is collected.

Employees and man-years are distributed by category of employment position, education and ownership. Employees are also distributed by gender.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on data that is compiled electronically through BASIL by the forms "Annual reports for kindergartens as of 15 December".

All approved kindergartens under the Day Care Institutions Act that receive subsidies are in the sample.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The web solution presently in use for the data collection is called BASIL (BArnehage-Statistikk-InnrapporteringsLøsning) and is owned by the Ministry of Education and Research. Username and password is sent to every kindergarten 1 December and the Annual reports for kindergartens are reported by 15 December, with a response deadline of four weeks.

The electronic forms have several checks active during the registration process. The information is also controlled and edited by the corresponding county governors and by Statistics Norway before data are aggregated and published. The controls are based on coherence between data and comparison to prior years.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The statistics are not published on institutional level.

Comparability over time and space

The compulsory schooling in Norway was extended from 9 to 10 years in 1997, which meant that 6-year-olds were enrolled in primary schools instead of kindergartens. This shift means that some time series like percentage of children attending kindergartens will have a break .

The categories of levels of attendance hours were changed from 1999. This was done because of the introduction of cash benefits for parents with small children 1-3 years old that are not attending kindergarten full-time. The former five categories were substituted by six new categories. The definition of full-time attendance in kindergarten was changed from 32 week-hours and more to 33 week-hours and more.

Children in open kindergartens were reported separately from 1999. Earlier they were reported among children in other types of kindergartens. While the statistics prior to 1999 included children in open kindergartens, the shift that was made in 1999 has enabled Statistics Norway to separate between:

  • The number of children in ordinary kindergartens (excluding children in open kindergartens, thus not directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)
  • The number of children with an offer of admission in kindergartens (including children in open kindergartens, thus directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)

Due to changes in the collection of educational background that were introduced in 2016, the figures are not directly comparable with previous years.

 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors may occur during completion of the forms in the kindergartens or by the municipal authorities. Most errors are discovered and corrected by manual or automatic controls, some errors may still occur.

This is a fullscale collection, and the response rate is equal to 100 per cent.  

Revision

Principles for revisions in Statistics Norway