Academic and special libraries
Updated: 5 June 2023
Next update: Not yet determined
About the statistics
Statistics on academic and special libraries at Norwegian universities and university colleges, public and private special libraries at research institutes and the National Library. These libraries are designed to provide services to students, teachers, researchers and those at the institution of which the library is part. The statistics show a summary of the activity during the year.
Loans from one library to another or loans to private persons/institutions
They are divided in following groups:
- Reference databases; a collection of bibliographic references in a database
- Full text databases; a collection of original texts
- Other databases are for example surveys/catalogues, dictionaries, e.t.c.
Based on international standard ISO 2789 (Information and documentation - International library statistics)
Name: Academic and special libraries
Topic: Culture and recreation
Division for Education and Culture Statistics
The figures are given on national and county level.
Collected and revised data are stored securely by Statistics Norway in compliance with applicable legislation on data processing.
Statistics Norway can grant access to the source data (de-identified or anonymised microdata) on which the statistics are based, for researchers and public authorities for the purposes of preparing statistical results and analyses. Access can be granted upon application and subject to conditions. Refer to the details about this at Access to data from Statistics Norway
The purpose is to show statistics from activities executed during the year by the special and research libraries. The statistics intend to give useful information to central and local authorities and others that in some way or other are involved in the running or financing of a library. The library statistics has been published once a year since 1980 in co-operation with the National Office for Research and Special Libraries and The Norwegian Archive, Library and Museum Authority. From the publication year 2011 in co-operation with the National Library.
Users of the statistics are: Ministry of Culture and Equality, Ministry of Education and Research, the library sector, and individuals interested in various documents related to information, research, education and recreation.
The statistics are developed, produced and disseminated pursuant to Act no. 32 of 21 June 2019 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway (the Statistics Act).
The statistics cover special and research libraries in universities and state colleges, in public and private special libraries and the National Library. The National Library updates a list including all the libraries. The statistics include figures of collections, increase and decrease of books and periodicals, printed and electronic. In addition figures are given on expenditure and persons employed.
Sources are the libraries themselves. However, the statistics are prepared in order to make it available through professional library systems.
The survey intends to cover the whole library field. The National Library is the owner of the data and compiles statistics of their own.
Questionnaires are dispatched and collected by the National Library. They are also responsible for reminding and for updating of the population. A great part of the libraries deliver their data electronically, by filling in the questionnaires which they can find on an Internet website. Statistics Norway receives a prepared data file from the National Library based on collected data. This file forms the basis of the official statistics.
Editing is defined here as checking, examining and amending data. Logical addition and coherence is checked. Besides, a comparison with the questionnaires from previous year is made in order to uncover great deviations.
Loans excludes renewals from 2012 and onwards.
Some libraries do not answer all questions. The reason might be that they do not have data to report, wrong interpretation of some questions, or respondents might also unconsciously have given erroneous data, influencing the statistics.
Although the response rate is nearly 100 per cent, dropouts would cause small errors comparing with years before.
A revision is a planned change to figures that have already been published, for example when releasing final figures as a follow-up to published preliminary figures. See also Statistics Norway’s principles for revisions.