Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • Residential energy efficiency and European carbon policies

    Discussion Papers no. 817

    Taran Fæhn, Orvika Rosnes and Brita Bye


    While the introduction and reformation of climate policy instruments take place rapidly in Europe, the knowledge on how the instruments interact lags behind. In this paper we analyse different interpretations of the 2030 climate policy goals for residential energy efficiency and how they interact with targets for restricting CO 2 emissions.

  • School accountability: Incentives or sorting?

    Discussion Papers no. 815

    Trude Gunnes and Hege Marie Gjefsen


    We exploit a nested school accountability reform to estimate the causal effect on teacher mobility, sorting, and student achievement. In 2003, lower-secondary schools in Oslo became accountable to the school district authority for student achievement. In 2005, information on school performance in lower secondary education also became public

  • A stylized satellite account for human capital

    Discussion Papers no. 816

    Gang Liu


    This paper presents a satellite account in which investment in human capital is considered as a produced product/asset

  • Increasingly stable or more stressful?

    Discussion Papers no. 814

    Rannveig Kaldager Hart, Elina Vinberg and Torkild Hovde Lyngstad


    This study describes the association between having children and the risk of union disruption, and whether this association has changed over time. We expand upon previous research by including data on cohabiting as well as married couples, and by studying change over four decades.

  • Why do wealthy parents have wealthy children?

    Discussion Papers no. 813

    Andreas Fagereng, Magne Mogstad and Marte Rønning


    Strong intergenerational correlations in wealth have fueled a long-standing debate over why children of wealthy parents tend to be well off themselves. We investigate the role of family background in determining children's wealth accumulation and investor behavior as adults.

  • Crime and the transition to teenage parenthood

    Discussion Papers no. 812

    Carine Øien-Ødegaard and Torbjørn Skardhamar


    Age-graded social control theory suggests that parenthood can have a preventive effect on crime among adults, but it is unclear whether and how this applies to teenagers, as teenage parenthood and affiliation with crime can have mutual confounding causes.

  • Partner choice and timing of first marriage among children of immigrants in Norway and Sweden

    Discussion Papers no. 810

    Kenneth Aarskaug Wiik and Jennifer A. Holland


    Using register data from Norway and Sweden, this study addresses the relationship between partner choice and the timing of first marriage among all migrant- and non-migrant-background individuals born between 1972 and 1989, who were either native-born or who immigrated prior to age 18 (generation 1.5).

  • A common base answer to “Which country is most redistributive?”

    Discussion Papers no. 811

    Thor Olav Thoresen, Peter J. Lambert and Runa Nesbakken


    Which country is most redistributive? This question is often discussed in terms of comparisons of measures of redistribution when each country’s tax schedule is applied to its pre-tax income distribution.

  • Optimal indirect taxation and the uniformity debate: A review of theoretical results and empirical contributions

    Discussion Papers no. 809

    Odd Erik Nygård and John T. Revesz


    A review of the theoretical literature on optimal indirect taxation reveals that analytical arguments in favor of uniform indirect taxation seem weak and rather unrealistic; hence determining the optimal tax structure remains an empirical issue.

  • Child care before age two and the development of language and numeracy

    Discussion Papers no. 808

    Nina Drange and Tarjei Havnes


    Young children are thought to be vulnerable to separation from the primary caregiver/s. This raises concern about whether early child care enrollment may harm children's development.

  • CO2-emissions from Norwegian oil and gas extraction

    Discussion Papers no. 806

    Terje Skjerpen, Knut Einar Rosendahl and Ekaterina Gavenas


    In this study we investigate empirically the driving forces behind CO 2-emission intensities of Norwegian oil and gas extraction, using detailed field-specific data that cover all Norwegian oil and gas activity.

  • Labour Supply models

    Discussion Papers no. 807

    Rolf Aaberge and Ugo Colombino


    The purpose of the paper is to provide a detailed discussion in relation to the development of the field of labour supply focused microsimulation models and methodological choices.

  • Targeted carbon tariffs

    Discussion Papers no. 805

    Brita Bye, Taran Fæhn and Knut Einar Rosendahl


    Climate effects of unilateral carbon policies are undermined by carbon leakage. To counteract leakage and increase global cost-effectiveness carbon tariffs can be imposed on the emissions embodied in imports from non-regulating regions.

  • Estimating occupational mobility with covariates

    Discussion Papers no. 804

    Jørgen Modalsli


    This paper presents a method to incorporate individual covariates into such estimates of social mobility, and to construct corresponding confidence intervals.

  • Earnings, disposable income, and consumption of allowed and rejected disability insurance applicants

    Discussion Papers no. 803

    Andreas Ravndal Kostøl and Magne Mogstad


    Two key questions in thinking about the size and growth of the disability insurance program are to what extent it discourages work, and how valuable the insurance is to individuals and families.

  • The effect of childhood family size on fertility in adulthood

    Discussion Papers no. 802

    Rannveig Kaldager Hart and Sara Lena Yri Cools


    While fertility is positively correlated across generations, the causal effect of children's experience with larger sibships on their own fertility in adulthood is poorly understood.

  • Can a cash transfer to families change fertility behaviour?

    Discussion Papers no. 800

    Synøve N. Andersen, Nina Drange and Trude Lappegård


    This paper assesses the relationship between cash transfers to families and subsequent childbearing.

  • The innovative input mix

    Discussion Papers no. 801

    Marina Rybalka


    Business innovation is an important driver of productivity growth.

  • Intergenerational mobility in Norway, 1865-2011

    Discussion Papers no. 798

    Jørgen Modalsli


    This paper constructs a data set of 835,537 linked father-son pairs from census records and documents a substantial increase in intergenerational occupational mobility in Norway between 1865 and 2011

  • Promoting integration of immigrants

    Discussion Papers no. 799

    Nina Drange and Kjetil Telle


    Proficiency in the language spoken by the majority population may be crucial for the cognitive development of children from immigrant families.

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