Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • How do investments in heat pumps affect household energy consumption?

    Discussion Papers no. 737

    Bente Halvorsen and Bodil Merethe Larsen


    In this study, we develop a method for decomposing the behavioral responses to increased energy efficiency based on a conditional demand model applied to a household production framework.

  • Residential end-use electricity demand

    Discussion Papers no. 736

    Hanne Marit Dalen and Bodil M. Larsen


    We deduce a model for using cross-sectional data for total annual electricity consumption for a sample of households, together with information from energy surveys, to estimate the end uses within an econometric demand model conditional on appliance ownership.

  • Access to treatment and educational inequalities in cancer survival

    Discussion Papers no. 735

    Jon Hernes Fiva, , and Astrid Syse


    The public health care systems in the Nordic countries provide high quality care almost free of charge to all citizens. However, social inequalities in health persist.

  • Inequality and growth in the very long run

    Discussion Papers no. 734

    Jørgen Heibø Modalsli


    This paper presents a new method for calculating Gini coefficients from tabulations of the mean income of social classes. Income distribution data from before the Industrial Revolution usually come in the form of such tabulations, called social tables.

  • Short run effects of bleaker prospects for oligopolistic producers of a non-renewable resource

    Discussion Papers no. 733

    Kristine Grimsrud, Knut Einar Rosendahl, Halvor Briseid Storrøsten and Marina Tsygankova


    In a non-renewable resource market with imperfect competition, the resource owners’ supply is governed both by current demand and by the resource rent.

  • The tug-of-war between resource depletion and technological change in the global oil industry 1981 - 2009

    Discussion Papers no. 732

    Lars Lindholt


    We perform an empirical analysis of the extent to which ongoing technological change through R&D activity has offset the effect of ongoing depletion on the cost of finding additional reserves of oil in eight global regions.

  • The importance of the distribution sector for exchange rate pass-through in a small open economy

    Discussion Papers no. 731

    Pål Boug, Ådne Cappelen and Torbjørn Eika


    The degree of exchange rate pass-through to domestic goods prices has important implications for monetary policy in small open economies with floating exchange rates.

  • Immigrant skills and employment

    Discussion Papers no. 730

    Bernt Bratsberg, Torbjørn Hægeland and Oddbjørn Raaum


    For natives, we uncover remarkably stable relations between literacy skills, schooling, and employment across countries. For immigrants, the relations differ strongly: whereas literacy skills form only a weak determinant of immigrant employment in the North American labor markets, in Norway literacy is much more important for immigrant than native employment.

  • Estimating the additionality of R&D subsidies using proposal evaluation data to control for firms’ R&D intentions

    Discussion Papers no. 729

    Morten Henningsen, Torbjørn Hægeland and Jarle Møen


    Empirical examination of whether R&D subsidies to private firms crowd out private investments has been hampered by problems related to selection. A particular worry is that research intentions and the quality of current research ideas may be correlated with the likelihood of applying for and receiving subsidies.

  • Age at immigration and crime

    Discussion Papers no. 728

    Synøve Nygaard Andersen and Torbjørn Skarðhamar


    Previous studies have identified an “immigrant paradox” in crime in which crime rates are highest among immigrants who are young when they arrive in the host country, even though social capital and integration in the labour market and social networks favour the young.

  • The family – a barrier or motivation for female entrepreneurship?

    Discussion Papers no. 727

    Marit Rønsen


    The underrepresentation of women in entrepreneurship is consistent over cultures and countries, and is even higher in Norway than in most other industrialised societies. In spite of a growing literature, the reasons for this pattern are still not well understood.

  • Inequality in current and lifetime income

    Discussion Papers no. 726

    Rolf Aaberge and Magne Mogstad


    Standard theory of intertemporal choice predicts that people smooth out life-cycle changes in income by borrowing and saving, such that their standard of living in any given year depends more on lifetime income than on that year’s income.

  • Preferences for lifetime earnings, earnings risk and nonpecuniary attributes in choice of higher education

    Discussion Papers no. 725

    Lars Johannessen Kirkebøen


    Expected earnings are considered to influence individuals' choice of education. However, the presence of nonpecuniary attributes and the different choice set available to prospective students make identification of this relationship difficult.

  • The capital constraining effects of the norwegian wealth tax

    Discussion Papers no. 724

    Chris Edson


    This paper investigates if the Norwegian wealth tax imposes capital constraints on small privately held businesses. A panel of 31,428 Norwegian firms from 2005 to 2009 is used to estimate two models of capital constraints. The models are estimated using the Fixed Effects method

  • Divorce in norwegian same-sex marriages 1993-2011

    Discussion Papers no. 723

    Kenneth Aarskaug Wiik, Ane Seierstad and Turid Noack


    Using longitudinal register data, we first present updated descriptive statistics on the total population of same-sex registered partnerships and marriages formed 1993-2010.

  • Classroom grade composition and pupil achievement

    Discussion Papers no. 722

    Edwin Leuven and Marte Rønning


    This paper exploits discontinuous grade mixing rules in Norwegian junior high schools to estimate how classroom grade composition affects pupil achievement. Pupils in mixed grade classrooms are found to outperform pupils in single grade classrooms.

  • Political motives in climate and energy policy

    Discussion Papers no. 721

    Annegrete Bruvoll, Hanne Marit Dalen and Bodil M. Larsen


    Standard economic theory provides clear guidance on the design of cost-efficient policy in the presence of imperfect markets and externalities. However, observed policies reveal extensive discrepancies between principles and practise.

  • Does a renewable fuel standard for biofuels reduce climate costs?

    Discussion Papers no. 720

    Mads Greaker, Michael Hoel and Knut Einar Rosendahl


    Recent contributions have questioned whether biofuels policies actually lead to emissions reductions, and thus lower climate costs. In this paper we make two contributions to the literature.

  • Emissions trading with offset markets and free quota allocations

    Discussion Papers no. 719

    Knut Einar Rosendahl and Jon Strand


    We study interactions between a “policy bloc’s” emissions quota market and an offset market where emissions offsets can be purchased from a non-policy “fringe” of countries (such as for the CDM under the Kyoto Protocol). Policy-bloc firms are assumed to benefit from free quota allocations that are updated according to either past emissions or past outputs.

  • A Kantian approach to sustainable development indicators for climate change

    Discussion Papers no. 718

    Mads Greaker, Per Espen Stoknes, Knut H. Alfsen and Torgeir Ericson


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