Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • First union formation among the children of immigrants in Norway: Timing and choice of union type

    Discussion Papers no. 917

    Kenneth Aarskaug Wiik


    This study uses Norwegian register data on all individuals born 1985 to 2000 who were either native-born or who immigrated as children or teens to investigate timing of first co-residential union and choice of union type in the period 2005 through 2018.

  • Improving educational pathways to social mobility: Evidence from Norway’s “Reform 94”

    Discussion Papers no. 916

    Marianne Bertrand, Magne Mogstad, and Jack Mountjoy


    We study the effects of a nationwide high school reform in Norway on educational attainment, labor market participation, and earnings.

  • Trade-offs between carbon sequestration, landscape aesthetics and biodiversity in a cost-benefit analysis of land use options in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 915

    Endre Kildal Iversen, Kristine Grimsrud, Henrik Lindhjem and Jette Bredahl Jacobsen


    Norway is considering a national afforestation program for greenhouse gas (GHG) sequestration on recently abandoned semi-natural pastureland.

  • Evaluating multilateral price indices in a dynamic item universe

    Discussion Papers no. 914

    Li-Chun Zhang, Ingvild Johansen and Ragnhild Nygaard


    Statistics Norway has a long history of using scanner data in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The early research – in Norway as well as internationally – was focused on supermarket data which consists largely of stable items.

  • Gambling with the family silver

    Discussion Papers no. 913

    Oddmund Berg


    In the early 2000s, eight Norwegian energy producing municipalities sold up to ten years of future electricity earnings and let two brokers from Terra Securities make investments on their behalf.

  • The impact of public R&D support on firms' patenting

    Discussion Papers no. 911

    The impact of public R&D support on firms' patenting


    We examine the impact of both R&D tax credits and direct R&D subsidies on Norwegian firms' patenting

  • Heterogeneity and persistence in returns to wealth

    Discussion Papers no. 912

    Andreas Fagereng, Luigi Guiso, Davide Malacrino and Luigi Pistaferri


    We provide a systematic analysis of the properties of individual returns to wealth using twelve years of population data from Norway’s administrative tax records.

  • For whom are cities good places to live?

    Discussion Papers no. 910

    Fredrik Carlsen and Stefan Leknes


    We use survey data to examine whether there are some sociodemographic groups that particularly value the amenities that cities provide.

  • Public acceptance and willingness to pay cost-effective taxes on red meat and road traffic in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 909

    Kristine M. Grimsrud, Henrik Lindhjem, Ingvild Vestre Sem, and Knut Einar Rosendahl


    The Norwegian high-level Green Tax Commission proposes inter alia cost-effective taxes on red meat and increased toll charges on road traffic to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and local air pollution, respectively.

  • The costs of taxation in the presence of inequality

    Discussion Papers no. 908

    Åsmund Sunde Valseth, Bjart Holtsmark, Katinka Holtsmark


    This paper provides a new and improved measure of the marginal cost of public funds (MCF). It is based on a benchmark tax which is distributionally neutral and non-distortive.

  • The paradox of the unhappy, growing city: reconciling evidence

    Discussion Papers no. 907

    Fredrik Carlsen and Stefan Leknes


    This paper attempts to explain why large cities tend to score low on indices of happiness/life satisfaction, while at the same time experiencing population growth.

  • Structural analysis of discouraged worker behavior

    Discussion Papers no. 906

    John K. Dagsvik, Tom Kornstad and Terje Skjerpen


    Discouraged workers are those who have given up search due to (perceived) low chances of obtaining work. This paper develops a stochastic structural econometric framework for analyzing discouraged worker behavior based on the theory of job search and the notion of probabilistic rationality and risky choice.

  • Efficient taxation of fuel and road use

    Discussion Papers no. 905

    Geir H. M. Bjertnæs


    This study calculates efficient taxes on fuel and road use designed to combat driving related externalities

  • The consumption Euler equation or the Keynesian consumption function?

    Discussion Papers no. 904


    We formulate a general cointegrated vector autoregressive (CVAR) model that nests both a class of consumption Euler equations and various Keynesian type consumption functions.

  • Vehicle-to-Grid: Impacts on the electricity market and consumer cost of electric vehicles

    Discussion Papers no. 903

    Mads Greaker, Cathrine Hagem and Stef Proost


    We present an analytical model for the intertwinement of the consumers’ choice of battery capacity and the potential for supplying power to the electricity market.

  • What Causes the Child Penalty?

    Discussion Papers no. 902

    Martin Eckhoff Andresen and Emily Nix


    Women experience significant reductions in labor market income following the birth of children, while their male partners experience no such income drops. This “relative child penalty” has been well documented and accounts for a significant amount of the gender income gap.

  • Labour market institutions, shocks and the employment rate

    Discussion Papers no. 901

    Kristine Wika Haraldsen, Ragnar Nymoen og Victoria Sparrman


    The average employment rate for the OECD countries was close to 63 percent in the period 2000-2015 but there is considerable variation within and between countries.

  • Challenges in predicting poverty trends using survey to survey imputation

    Discussion Papers no. 900

    Astrid Mathiassen and Bjørn K. Wold


    Poverty in low-income countries is usually measured with large and infrequent household surveys. A challenge is to find methods to measure poverty more frequently.

  • Effects of extended paternity leave on union stability and fertility

    Discussion Papers no. 899

    Rannveig K. Hart, Synøve N. Andersen and Nina Drange


    Long paternity leaves have the potential for lasting effects on parental unions, potentially reducing specialization and increasing union stability and fertility.

  • Linking neighbors’ fertility

    Discussion Papers no. 898

    Janna Bergsvik


    The aim of this paper is to gain more insight on the drivers behind geographical variations in family sizes by pointing out the role of neighborhoods and neighbors for two-child couples’ transitions to third births.

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