Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • Education and cancer risk

    Discussion Papers no. 777

    Edwin Leuven, Erik Plug and Marte Rønning


    There exists a strong educational gradient in cancer risk, which has been documented in a wide range of populations. Yet relatively little is known about the extent to which education is causally linked to cancer incidence and mortality.

  • The relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to cancer risk and cancer mortality in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 776

    Edwin Leuven, Erik Plug and Marte Rønning


    Using Norwegian cancer registry data we study twin and non-twin siblings to decompose variation in cancer at most common sites and cancer mortality into a genetic, shared environment and individual (unshared environmental) component.

  • Calculating the real return of the Norwegian Government Pension Fund Global by alternative measures of the deflator

    Discussion Papers no. 775

    Andreas Benedictow and Pål Boug


    According to the present guidelines for fiscal policy, the use of oil revenues in the Norwegian economy should over time equal the expected real return on the Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG).

  • Is universal child care leveling the playing field?

    Discussion Papers no. 774

    Tarjei Havnes and Magne Mogstad


    We assess the case for universal child care programs in the context of a Norwegian reform which led to a large-scale expansion of subsidized child care.

  • Adjusting maternal mortality data for international comparisons

    Discussion Papers no. 773

    Susie Jentoft, Vibeke Oestreich Nielsen and Dag Roll-Hansen


    Adjusting maternal mortality data for international comparisons. The case of vital registration systems

  • Pick a number

    Discussion Papers no. 772

    Synøve Nygaard Andersen and Torbjørn Skardhamar


    Recidivism studies differ with respect to samples, definitions and follow-up periods. While it is recognized that such differences hamper comparability, there is little systematic knowledge about how recidivism figures are affected.

  • Time aggregation and state dependence in welfare receipt

    Discussion Papers no. 771

    Manudeep Bhuller, Christian N. Brinch and Sebastian Königs


    Dynamic discrete-choice models have been an important tool in studies of state dependence in benefit receipt. An assumption of such models is that benefit receipt sequences follow a conditional Markov process.

  • Taxes on the internet

    Discussion Papers no. 770

    Erlend Eide Bø, Joel Slemrod and Thor Olav Thoresen


    Supporters of public disclosure of personal tax information point to its deterrent effect on tax evasion, but this effect has not been empirically explored.

  • Income mobility as an equalizer of permanent income

    Discussion Papers no. 769

    Rolf Aaberge and Magne Mogstad


    Do market-orientated economies with relatively large cross-sectional levels of inequality have higher income mobility and therefore less permanent inequality? To answer this question, we introduce a formal representation of income mobility as an equalizer of permanent income.

  • Diffusion of climate technologies in the presence of commitment problems

    Discussion Papers no. 768

    Taran Fæhn and Elisabeth Thuestad Isaksen


    Publicly announced GHG mitigation targets and emissions pricing strategies by individual governments may suffer from inherent commitment problems. When emission prices are perceived as short-lived, socially cost-effective upfront investment in climate technologies may be hampered.

  • The intergenerational transfer of the employment gender gap

    Discussion Papers no. 767

    Venke Furre Haaland, Mari Rege, Kjetil Telle and Mark Votruba


    Despite well-documented convergence during the later years of the 20th century, labor market attachment remains markedly higher for men than for women.

  • Pro-cyclical mortality

    Discussion Papers no. 766

    Venke Furre Haaland and Kjetil Telle


    Using variation across geographical regions, a number of studies from the U.S. and other developed countries have found more deaths in economic upturns and less deaths in economic downturns. We use data from regions in Norway for 1977-2008 and find the same procyclical patterns.

  • Distributional benchmarking in tax policy evaluations

    Discussion Papers no. 765

    Thor Olav Thoresen, Zhiyang Jia and Peter J. Lambert


    Given an objective to exploit cross-sectional micro data to evaluate the distributional effects of tax policies over a time period, the practitioner of public economics will find that the relevant literature offers a wide variety of empirical approaches.

  • Are closely-held firms tax shelters?

    Discussion Papers no. 764

    Annette Alstadsæter, Wojciech Kopczuk and Kjell Telle


    In 2004 Norwegian authorities announced a reform introducing dividend taxation for personal (but not corporate) owners to take effect starting in 2006. This change provided incentives to maximize dividends in 2004 and 2005, and to retain earnings in the following years.

  • A theory for ranking distribution functions

    Discussion Papers no. 763

    Rolf Aaberge, Tarjei Havnes and Magne Mogstad


    When is one distribution (of income, consumption, or some other economic variable) more equal or better than another? This question has proven difficult to answer in situations where distribution functions intersect and no unambiguous ranking can be attained without introducing weaker criteria than second-degree stochastic dominance.

  • The ins and outs of top income mobility

    Discussion Papers no. 762

    Rolf Aaberge, Anthony B. Atkinson and Jørgen Modalsli


    This paper is concerned with the question of whether top income earners are permanently there or only temporarily receive the highest incomes.

  • U.S. versus Sweden

    Discussion Papers no. 761

    Rolf Aaberge and Lennart Flood


    An essential difference between the design of the Swedish and the US in-work tax credit systems relates to their functional forms.

  • Becoming “We” instead of “I”

    Discussion Papers no. 760

    Jocelyn Donze and Trude Gunnes


    This article studies how a firm fosters formal and informal interaction among its employees to create a collective identity and positively influence their effort.

  • Gender equality in the family and childbearing

    Discussion Papers no. 759

    Lars Dommermuth, Bryndl Hohmann-Marriott and Trude Lappegård


    This study focuses on the possible effect of gender equality and equity in the family on the transition to first, second and third births.

  • Asset market participation and portfolio choice over the life-cycle

    Discussion Papers no. 758

    Andreas Fagereng, Charles Gottlieb and Luigi Guiso


    We study the life cycle of portfolio allocation following for 15 years a large random sample of Norwegian households using error-free data on all components of households' investments drawn from the Tax Registry.

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