Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • High school dropout for marginal students: Evidence from randomized exam form

    Discussion Papers no. 894

    Martin Eckhoff Andresen and Sturla A. Løkken


    We exploit the assignment of exam form in a high-stakes Norwegian high school exam to estimate the impact of exam form on exam results, later school performance, graduation and longer run outcomes.

  • Spillover bias in multigenerational income regressions

    Discussion Papers no. 897

    Jørgen Modalsli and Kelly Vosters


    Intergenerational persistence estimates are susceptible to several well-documented biases arising from income measurement, and it has become standard practice to construct income measures to mitigate these.

  • Buy to let: Investment buyers in a housing search model

    Discussion Papers no. 896

    Erlend Eide Bø


    This paper explores and explains how buy-to-let investors affect housing price dynamics

  • Robustness of the Norwegian wage formation system and free EU labour movement: Evidence from wage data for natives

    Discussion Papers no. 895

    Bjorn Dapi, Ragnar Nymoen and Victoria Sparrman


    Norway experienced a high immigration flow after the EEA directive in 2004 stating workers right to free movement within the European Union and EEA-countries.

  • Is the marginal cost of public funds equal to one?

    Discussion Papers no. 893

    Bjart Holtsmark


    In a recent article Bas Jacobs found that the marginal cost of public funds (MCF) is one when taxation gives second best resource allocation.

  • Effects of higher required rates of return on the tax take in an oil province

    Discussion Papers no. 892

    Lars Lindholt


    For different reasons the oil companies might apply higher required rates of return than they did some years ago, and this will have consequences for investments and tax revenue in oil provinces.

  • Collusive tax evasion by employers and employees

    Discussion Papers no. 891

    Marie Bjørneby, Annette Alstadsæter, Kjetil Telle


    Third-party reporting and employers’ tax withholding are powerful compliance mechanisms, as long as the employer and employee do not collude to evade.

  • Regional variation in healthcare utilization and mortality

    Discussion Papers no. 890

    Anna Godøy and Ingrid Huitfeldt


    Geographic variation in healthcare utilization has raised concerns of possible inefficiencies in healthcare supply, as differences are often not reflected in health outcomes.

  • Spending the night? Provider incentives, capacity constraints and patient outcomes

    Discussion Papers no. 889

    Ingrid Huitfeldt


    Healthcare providers’ response to payment incentives may have consequences for both fiscal spending and patient health. This paper studies the effects of a change in the payment scheme for hospitals in Norway.

  • Local governments, in-kind transfers, and economic inequality

    Discussion Papers no. 888

    Rolf Aaberge, Lasse Eika, Audun Langørgen, Magne Mogstad


    We examine how in-kind transfers provided by local governments affect economic inequality. The allocation of in-kind transfers to households and the adjustment for differences in needs are derived from a model of local government spending behavior.

  • Transitions from first unions among immigrants and their descendants: The role of partner choice

    Discussion Papers no. 887

    Kenneth Aarskaug Wiik, Lars Dommermuth, Jennifer A. Holland


    The family life courses of immigrants and their descendants, particularly intermarriage and the timing of marriage and childbearing, have been widely studied as indicators of societal integration.

  • Social networks and tax avoidance: Evidence from a well-defined Norwegian tax shelter

    Discussion Papers no. 886

    Annette Alstadsæter, Wojciech Kopczuk, and Kjetil Telle


    In 2005, over 8% of Norwegian shareholders transferred their shares to new (legal) tax shelters intended to defer taxation of capital gains and dividends that would otherwise be taxable in the aftermath of 2006 reform.

  • An up-to-date joint labor supply and child care choice model

    Discussion Papers no. 885

    Thor O. Thoresen and Trine E. Vattø


    Norwegian parents of preschool children base their care choices on a completely different choice set from their predecessor.

  • Mortality shifts and mortality compression

    Discussion Papers no. 884


    The aim of the paper is to verify whether the projections predict a continuation of the ongoing compression in mortality and of the steady upward shift in the ages at which people die.

  • On the effects of linking voluntary cap-and-trade systems for CO2 emissions

    Discussion Papers no. 883


    Linkage of cap-and-trade systems is typically advocated by economists on a general analogy with the beneficial linking of free-trade areas and on the specific grounds that linkage will ensure cost effectiveness among the linked jurisdictions.

  • Workload, staff composition, and sickness absence

    Discussion Papers no. 882

    Trude Gunnes, Nina Drange, and Kjetil Telle


    Persistently high workload may raise sickness absence with associated costs to firms and society.

  • Child care, parental labor supply and tax revenue

    Discussion Papers no. 881

    Martin Eckhoff Andresen og Tarjei Havnes


    We study the impact of child care for toddlers on the labor supply of mothers and fathers in Norway.

  • Universal child care and inequality of opportunity

    Discussion Papers no. 880

    Nina Drange and Kjetil Telle


    Encouraging effects from random assignments of intensive and high-quality early child care to disadvantaged children have spurred hopes that publicly funded universal child care can improve human development and social mobility.

  • The marginal cost of public funds in large welfare state countries

    Discussion Papers no. 879

    Geir H. M. Bjertnæs


    The marginal cost of public funds (MCF) is substantial in generous welfare state countries according to Kleven and Kreiner (2006).

  • Public R&D Support and Firms’ Performance

    Discussion Papers no. 878

    Øivind A. Nilsen, Arvid Raknerud and Diana-Cristina Iancu


    We analyse all the major sources of direct and indirect R&D subsidies in Norway in the period 2002-2013 and compare their effects on individual firms’ performance.

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