Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • Do employees benefit from worker representation on corporate boards?

    Discussion Papers no. 947

    Christine Blandhol, Magne Mogstad, Peter Nilsson, and Ola L. Vestad


    This paper studies whether employees benefit from worker representation on corporate boards.

  • Broadband internet and the stock market investments of individual investors

    Discussion Papers no. 946

    Hans K. Hvide, Tom G. Meling, Magne Mogstad, and Ola L. Vestad


    We study the effects of broadband internet use on the portfolio selection of individual investors.

  • Assessing income tax perturbations

    Discussion Papers no. 945

    Vidar Christiansen, Zhiyang Jia, and Thor O. Thoresen


    We present a scheme for analysing income tax perturbations, applied to a real Norwegian tax reform during 2016 - 2018

  • An exact additive decomposition of the unit value index

    Discussion Papers no. 944

    Thomas von Brasch, Håkon Grini, Magnus Berglund Johnsen and Trond Christian Vigtel


    Several multiplicative decompositions of the unit value index are described in literature.

  • Do audits improve future tax compliance in the absence of penalties? Evidence from random Audits in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 943

    Shafik Hebous, Zhiyang Jia, Knut Løyland, Thor O. Thoresen, and Arnstein Øvrum


    The Norwegian Tax Administration operated multi-year random audits of personal income tax returns. We exploit this exceptional randomized setup to estimate the effects of tax audits on future compliance explicitly distinguishing between dynamic responses of compliant and noncompliant audited taxpayers. 

  • Scope elasticity and economic significance in discrete choice experiments

    Discussion Papers no. 942

    Anders Dugstad, Kristine Grimsrud, Gorm Kipperberg, Henrik Lindhjem and Ståle Navrud


    Sensitivity to scope in nonmarket valuation refers to the property that people are willing to pay more for a higher quality or quantity of a nonmarket public good.

  • Urban Green. Integrating ecosystem extent and condition as a basis for ecosystem accounts. Examples from the Oslo region

    Discussion Papers no. 941

    Per Arild Garnåsjordet, Margrete Steinnes, Zofie Cimburova, Megan Nowell, David N. Barton and Iulie Aslaksen


    The article enhances the knowledge base for assessment of urban ecosystem services, within UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA EEA), which is based on spatial extent accounts (area of ecosystems) and biophysical condition accounts (ecological state of ecosystems).

  • Are carbon prices redundant in the 2030 EU climate and energy policy package?

    Discussion Papers no. 940

    Finn Roar Aune and Rolf Golombek


    This paper offers a comprehensive assessment of the EU package, with its three main targets: lower greenhouse gas emissions, higher renewable share in final energy consumption, and improved energy efficiency.

  • Explaining residential clustering of fertility

    Discussion Papers no. 939

    Janna Bergsvik, Sara Cools, and Rannveig K. Hart


    Numerous studies have shown that fertility behavior is spatially clustered. In addition to pure context effects, two causal mechanisms could drive this pattern

  • Efficient spatial allocation of wind power plants given environmental externalities due to turbines and grids

    Discussion Papers no. 938

    Kristine M. Grimsrud, Cathrine Hagem, Arne Lind, and Henrik Lindhjem


    Negative environmental externalities associated with wind power plants depend on the physical characteristics of turbine installations and associated power lines and the geographical siting.

  • Work less but stay longer - Mature workerresponse to a flexibility reform

    Discussion Papers no. 937

    Erik Hernæs, Zhiyang Jia, John Piggott and Trond Christian Vigtel


    Reducing the eligibility age for pension benefits is considered by many as a policy that will discourage labor supply by mature workers. This paper analyzes a recent Norwegian pension reform which effectively lowered the eligibility age of retirement from 67 to 62 for a group of workers.

  • Capturing Key Energy and Emission Trends in CGE models

    Discussion Papers no. 936

    Taran Fæhn, Gabriel Bachner, Robert Beach, Jean Chateau, Shinichiro Fujimori, Madanmohan Ghosh, Meriem Hamdi-Cherif, Elisa Lanzi, Sergey Paltsev, Toon Vandyck, Bruno Cunha, Rafael Garaffa, Karl Steininger


    Limiting global warming in line with the goals in the Paris Agreement will require substantial technological and behavioural transformations.

  • Who and how many can work from home in Norway?

    Discussion Papers no. 935

    Henning Holgersen, Zhiyang Jia, Simen Svenkerud


    The COVID-19 crisis has forced great societal changes, including forcing many to work remotely (work from home) in an effort to increase social distancing.

  • Predicting the exchange rate path

    Discussion Papers no. 934

    Håvard Hungnes


    Central banks, private banks, statistical agencies and international organizations such as the IMF and OECD typically use information about the exchange rate some weeks before the publication date as the basis for their exchange rate forecasts.

  • Acceptance of national wind power development and exposure

    Discussion Papers no. 933

    Anders Dugstad, Kristine Grimsrud, Gorm Kipperberg, Henrik Lindhjem and Ståle Navrud


    Despite a large stated-preference literature on wind power externalities, few SP studies employ a case-control approach to examine whether people´s acceptance of new wind power developments increases or decreases with exposure to and familiarity with wind turbines.

  • Distance and choice of field: Evidence from a Norwegian college expansion reform

    Discussion Papers no. 932

    Tora K. Knutsen, Jørgen Modalsli and Marte Rønning


    How can geographical proximity to college explain field of study choices? We empirically address this question using the major expansion of university colleges in Norway in the second half of the twentieth century, when 33 new education institutions were established in areas that did not previously have any institutions for higher education.

  • Equal predictability test for multi-step-ahead system forecasts invariant to linear transformations

    Discussion Papers no. 931

    Håvard Hungnes


    The paper derives a test for equal predictability of multi-step-ahead system forecasts that is invariant to linear transformations.

  • Marginal compensated effects and the slutsky equation for discrete choice models

    Discussion Papers no. 930

    John K. Dagsvik


    In many instances the consumer faces choice settings where the alternatives are discrete. Examples include choice between variants of differentiated products, urban transportation modes, residential locations, types of education, etc.

  • Ways to project fertility in Europe

    Discussion Papers no. 929

    Rebecca Folkman Gleditsch and Astri Syse


    National statistical offices responsible for population projections should regularly evaluate their work. Norway is currently considering changing the way fertility is projected.

  • Estimating long-run income inequality from mixed tabular data: Empirical evidence from Norway, 1875-2017

    Discussion Papers no. 928

    Rolf Aaberge, Anthony B. Atkinson and Jørgen Modalsli


    This paper proposes a non-parametric approach for estimating inequality in the overall distribution of income on the basis of tabular data from different sources, some in a highly aggregated form.

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