Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • Corporate taxes, investment and the self-financing rate

    Discussion Papers no. 955

    Thomas von Brasch, Ivan Frankovic and Eero Tölö


    In this paper, we study how lower corporate tax rates impact investment by including two novel channels into a DSGE model used for fiscal policy analysis in Norway.

  • Family composition and transitions into long-term care services among the elderly

    Discussion Papers no. 954

    Astri Syse, Alyona Artamonova, Michael Thomas and Marijke Veenstra


    Elderly’s use of long-term care (LTC) services are likely to be influenced by family members, but there is scarce research on the role played by partners and/or adult children, especially taking geographic proximity into account.

  • Flexible empirical Bayes estimation of local fertility schedules: reducing small area problems and preserving regional variation

    Discussion Papers no. 953

    Stefan Leknes and Sturla A. Løkken


    Reliable local demographic schedules are in high demand, but small area problems pose a challenge to estimation. The literature has directed little attention to the opportunities created by increased availability of high-quality geo-coded data.

  • Altruist talk may (also) be cheap: Revealed versus stated altruism as a predictor in stated preference studies

    Discussion Papers no. 952

    Endre Kildal Iversen, Kristine Grimsrud, Yohei Mitani and Henrik Lindhjem


    Altruistic preferences of various forms may cause difficulties in welfare economics. In the valuation of public goods, such preferences are believed to help explain the substantial non-use values found in many stated preference (SP) valuation surveys

  • A two-stage pooled panel data estimator of demand elasticities

    Discussion Papers no. 951

    Thomas von Brasch and Arvid Raknerud


    In a seminal paper, Feenstra (1994) developed an instrumental variable estimator which is becoming increasingly popular for estimating demand elasticities.

  • College as a Marriage Market

    Discussion Papers no. 950

    Lars Kirkebøen, Edwin Leuven and Magne Mogstad


    Recent descriptive work suggests the type of college education (field or institution) is an important but neglected pathway through which individuals sort into homogeneous marriages.

  • Taxation of fuel and vehicles when emissions are constrained

    Discussion Papers no. 949

    Geir H. M. Bjertnæs


    A tax on fuel combined with tax exemptions or subsidies for fuel-efficient vehicles is implemented in many countries to fulfill the Paris agreement and to curb mileage-related externalities from road traffic.

  • The accuracy of Statistics Norway’s national population projections

    Discussion Papers no. 948

    Rebecca F. Gleditsch, Adrian F. Rogne, Astri Syse and Michael Thomas


    Statistics Norway projects the population by age, sex and immigrant background at the national level. This paper examines the accuracy of the Norwegian population projections produced between 1996 and 2018.

  • Do employees benefit from worker representation on corporate boards?

    Discussion Papers no. 947

    Christine Blandhol, Magne Mogstad, Peter Nilsson, and Ola L. Vestad


    This paper studies whether employees benefit from worker representation on corporate boards.

  • Broadband internet and the stock market investments of individual investors

    Discussion Papers no. 946

    Hans K. Hvide, Tom G. Meling, Magne Mogstad, and Ola L. Vestad


    We study the effects of broadband internet use on the portfolio selection of individual investors.

  • Assessing income tax perturbations

    Discussion Papers no. 945

    Vidar Christiansen, Zhiyang Jia, and Thor O. Thoresen


    We present a scheme for analysing income tax perturbations, applied to a real Norwegian tax reform during 2016 - 2018

  • An exact additive decomposition of the unit value index

    Discussion Papers no. 944

    Thomas von Brasch, Håkon Grini, Magnus Berglund Johnsen and Trond Christian Vigtel


    Several multiplicative decompositions of the unit value index are described in literature.

  • Do audits improve future tax compliance in the absence of penalties? Evidence from random Audits in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 943

    Shafik Hebous, Zhiyang Jia, Knut Løyland, Thor O. Thoresen, and Arnstein Øvrum


    The Norwegian Tax Administration operated multi-year random audits of personal income tax returns. We exploit this exceptional randomized setup to estimate the effects of tax audits on future compliance explicitly distinguishing between dynamic responses of compliant and noncompliant audited taxpayers. 

  • Scope elasticity and economic significance in discrete choice experiments

    Discussion Papers no. 942

    Anders Dugstad, Kristine Grimsrud, Gorm Kipperberg, Henrik Lindhjem and Ståle Navrud


    Sensitivity to scope in nonmarket valuation refers to the property that people are willing to pay more for a higher quality or quantity of a nonmarket public good.

  • Urban Green. Integrating ecosystem extent and condition as a basis for ecosystem accounts. Examples from the Oslo region

    Discussion Papers no. 941

    Per Arild Garnåsjordet, Margrete Steinnes, Zofie Cimburova, Megan Nowell, David N. Barton and Iulie Aslaksen


    The article enhances the knowledge base for assessment of urban ecosystem services, within UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA EEA), which is based on spatial extent accounts (area of ecosystems) and biophysical condition accounts (ecological state of ecosystems).

  • Are carbon prices redundant in the 2030 EU climate and energy policy package?

    Discussion Papers no. 940

    Finn Roar Aune and Rolf Golombek


    This paper offers a comprehensive assessment of the EU package, with its three main targets: lower greenhouse gas emissions, higher renewable share in final energy consumption, and improved energy efficiency.

  • Explaining residential clustering of fertility

    Discussion Papers no. 939

    Janna Bergsvik, Sara Cools, and Rannveig K. Hart


    Numerous studies have shown that fertility behavior is spatially clustered. In addition to pure context effects, two causal mechanisms could drive this pattern

  • Efficient spatial allocation of wind power plants given environmental externalities due to turbines and grids

    Discussion Papers no. 938

    Kristine M. Grimsrud, Cathrine Hagem, Arne Lind, and Henrik Lindhjem


    Negative environmental externalities associated with wind power plants depend on the physical characteristics of turbine installations and associated power lines and the geographical siting.

  • Work less but stay longer - Mature workerresponse to a flexibility reform

    Discussion Papers no. 937

    Erik Hernæs, Zhiyang Jia, John Piggott and Trond Christian Vigtel


    Reducing the eligibility age for pension benefits is considered by many as a policy that will discourage labor supply by mature workers. This paper analyzes a recent Norwegian pension reform which effectively lowered the eligibility age of retirement from 67 to 62 for a group of workers.

  • Capturing Key Energy and Emission Trends in CGE models

    Discussion Papers no. 936

    Taran Fæhn, Gabriel Bachner, Robert Beach, Jean Chateau, Shinichiro Fujimori, Madanmohan Ghosh, Meriem Hamdi-Cherif, Elisa Lanzi, Sergey Paltsev, Toon Vandyck, Bruno Cunha, Rafael Garaffa, Karl Steininger


    Limiting global warming in line with the goals in the Paris Agreement will require substantial technological and behavioural transformations.

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