All time high wind power generation in Norway
The wind power generation came to 5.5 TWh in 2019, 43 per cent or 1.7 TWh higher compared with the previous record in 2018. However, the hydro power still dominates the Norwegian electricity generation.
The all-time high production of wind power must be seen in conjunction with several new wind power plants in Norway in 2019. The wind power generation is equivalent to the average electricity consumption of about 350 000 households.
Figure 1. Wind power generation in TWh
Hydro power still dominates the electricity generation
Although the wind power has grown rapidly in the last years, hydro power is still dominating the Norwegian power system.
Hydro power accounted for 93,4 per cent of the total electricity production of 134,6 TWh in 2019, while thermal and wind power accounted for 2.5 and 4.1 per cent respectively. Compared to 2018, the wind power`s share of total production increased by 1.5 percentage points.
Figure 2. Electricity generation in 2019. TWh and percentages
|Hydro power 125.8 TWh; 93.4%||Thermal power 3.3 TWH; 2.5%||Wind power 5.5 TWh; 4.1%|
Decrease in the total electricity production
The electricity generation came to 134.6 TWh in 2019; this is 8.3 per cent or 12.2 TWh lower compared with the 2018.
The decline comes as Norwegian reservoirs saw less inflow of water in 2019.
Small net import of power
Norway`s export of power totaled 12.3 TWh in 2019, whereas imports came to 12.4 TWh. This gave net imports of about 0.1 TWh.
Last time Norway had net import of power on annual basis was in 2010. In 2019 Norway had net import of power in the months February-May in addition to November and December. Exchange of power between countries is determined by differences in generation and the consumption situation and prices, in addition to the capacity of the power lines.
Still high domestic electricity consumption
The gross consumption of electricity came to 134.7 TWh in 2019; a decrease of 1.5 per cent compared with the record from the previous year and the second highest level ever recorded.
Figure 3. Production, consumtion and export surplus of electric energy in TWh
|Total production||Gross consumption||Export surplus|
Lower electricity consumption in extraction of crude oil and natural gas
Electricity consumption in plants for extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas on the mainland, including electricity distributed from the mainland to the Norwegian Shelf, amounted to 8.1 TWh in 2019. This is 5.1 per cent less compared to 2018. The electricity consumption in extraction on the mainland encompasses receiving and processing plants for crude oil and natural gas.
Reduction in the electricity consumption in power-intensive manufacturing
Electricity consumption in power-intensive manufacturing was 36.6 TWh in 2019. This is 0.5 TWh or 1.3 per cent lower compared with the previous year.
Roughly unchanged electricity consumption in the group excluding power-intensive manufacturing and extraction
Electricity consumption excluding power-intensive manufacturing and extraction amounted to 80.5 TWh in 2019; approximately the same level as in 2018. Households, services and manufacturing other than power-intensive manufacturing account for the majority of the electricity consumption excluding power-intensive manufacturing and extraction.