397917
/en/befolkning/statistikker/innvhold/aar
397917
statistikk
2019-12-17T08:00:00.000Z
Population;Immigration and immigrants
en
innvhold, Attitudes towards immigrants and immigration, refugees, asylum seekers, labour immigrationPopulation, Immigrants , Population, Immigration and immigrants
true

Attitudes towards immigrants and immigration

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

56 %

think that the opportunities for refugees and asylum seekers to obtain a residence permit in Norway should remain the same as today

Attitudes towards immigrants and receiving refugees. Per cent
201020182019
Most immigrants make an important contribution to Norwegian working life
Strongly agree312931
Agree on the whole474345
Disagree on the whole10119
Strongly disagree333
Most immigrants enrich the cultural life in Norway
Strongly agree343438
Agree on the whole383735
Disagree on the whole101210
Strongly disagree555
Most immigrants are a cause of insecurity in society
Strongly agree1178
Agree on the whole252216
Disagree on the whole333132
Strongly disagree212629
Attitudes towards refugees' and asylum seekers' access to residence permits in Norway. Compared to today, should it be easier, more difficult or remain the same as today?
Easier61514
As today425356
More difficult462923

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Attitudes towards seven statements on immigrants. Per cent

Attitudes towards seven statements on immigrants. Per cent
2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Most immigrants make an important contribution to Norwegian working life
Strongly agree31293229323021272931
Agree on the whole47454843454245444345
Neither agree nor disagree811913101514151211
Disagree on the whole1010810971410119
Strongly disagree3334334333
Don't know1111121122
 
Most immigrants abuse the system of social benefits
Strongly agree1010811888967
Agree on the whole21252421211722171918
Neither agree nor disagree12141414131815181313
Disagree on the whole35323433333235373634
Strongly disagree19161617212018192225
Don't know4233352234
 
Most immigrants enrich the cultural life in Norway
Strongly agree34353432363628333438
Agree on the whole38393937333539353735
Neither agree nor disagree9991212121313118
Disagree on the whole1011101313812131210
Strongly disagree5454566555
Don't know3232222223
 
Most immigrants are a cause of insecurity in society
Strongly agree11111011979978
Agree on the whole25242324191923182216
Neither agree nor disagree8111212101513141213
Disagree on the whole33293130313031333132
Strongly disagree21232322292723252629
Don't know2121221132
 
All immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians
Strongly agree66676362676658647070
Agree on the whole22212324202128241919
Neither agree nor disagree3343455435
Disagree on the whole5567656443
Strongly disagree3334233332
Don't know1110111111
 
Immigrants should make an effort to become as similar to Norwegians as possible
Strongly agree27252523212123232020
Agree on the whole24272726252328262925
Neither agree nor disagree8111110131512101114
Disagree on the whole27232325262527272527
Strongly disagree1214131613159131313
Don't know2111221122
 
Labour immigration from non-Nordic countries makes a mainly positive contribution to Norwegian economy
Strongly agree26252724292921262426
Agree on the whole44454542413742394442
Neither agree nor disagree991014121516161412
Disagree on the whole1213101211912121211
Strongly disagree4444355444
Don't know6444465335

Table 2 
Attitudes towards the statement that all immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians. Per cent

Attitudes towards the statement that all immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians. Per cent
All immigrants in Norway should have the same opportunities to have a job as Norwegians
Strongly agreeAgree on the wholeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagree on the wholeStrongly disagreeDon't know
199358178782
199453246961
199557234970
199667193650
199766205530
199876153420
199973173421
200074173320
201066223531
201167213531
201263234631
201362243740
201467204621
201566215531
201658285631
201764244431
201870193431
201970195321

Table 3 
Attitudes towards refugees' and asylum seekers' access to residence permits in Norway. Per cent

Attitudes towards refugees' and asylum seekers' access to residence permits in Norway. Per cent
Compared to today, should it be easier, more difficult or remain the same as today?
EasierAs todayMore difficultDon't know
2010642466
2011645444
2012744435
2013747424
20141850284
20151550295
20161251335
20171652284
20181553293
20191456236

Table 4 
Answers to tree guestions on relation to immigrants. Per cent

Answers to tree guestions on relation to immigrants. Per cent
2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Would you feel uncomfortable if you or someone in your closest family had an immigrant as a home help?'
Yes7798877656
No91929091909192939492
Don't know2111321112
 
Would you feel uncomfortable if your new neighbour was an immigrant?'
Yes6666646455
No92929292929492959493
Don't know2222221112
 
Would you feel uncomfortable if you had a son or daughter that wanted to marry an immigrant?'
Yes26252525231720201715
No67706969697674757980
Don't know7566876545

Table 5 
Contact with immigrants in different arenas. Per cent

Contact with immigrants in different arenas. Per cent
2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
All arenas
Yes75767178707872787980
No24232822302128222120
 
At work
Yes49494550465448525254
No51515550544652484846
 
Among friends and acquaintances
Yes38363541344037434839
No62646559666063575261
 
In the neighbourhood
Yes29292831273232363737
No71717269736868646362
 
Among close relatives
Yes12121213121511141516
No88888887888589868584
 
Other
Yes1614111391212141115
No84868987918888868985

Table 6 
Number of arenas where contact with immigrants takes place. Per cent

Number of arenas where contact with immigrants takes place. Per cent
2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
No contact24232822302128222120
One arena33363435353431282934
Two arena24242223202622272523
Three arenas12111013101012151813
Four arenas5445456667
Five arenas1112231213

About the statistics

The statistics are based on a survey. The purpose of the statistics is to map the attitudes of the Norwegian population towards various aspects of the national immigration and refugee policy and towards immigrants as a group. This year's survey was conducted between 3 July and 12 August.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The following instructions have accompanied the questions posed from 1993 to 2000:

“Neither agree, nor disagree” exists as a hidden response alternative, which means that it should not be read to the respondent, but be used if the respondent gives no other answer.

Immigrants are persons with two foreign-born parents. (For adopted from abroad it is the social, not the biological parents, who count.)

Refugees and asylum seekers are subgroups within the category “immigrants”. Refugees are persons granted political asylum or have the right to stay on humanitarian grounds. That may be due to having obtained refugee status by the UN High Commissioner or being part of the refugee quota accepted by Norway each year, or they may have come as asylum seekers and granted asylum or right to stay on humanitarian grounds."

In 1998, a supplementary question was added to the four permanent questions. This new question had the following instruction: &“This question very much resembles Innv1 - but here we distinguish between those who want to give residence to more or &“as many” refugees and asylum seekers as today. The question was deliberately placed at a distance behind the other immigrant questions. The idea behind the supplementary question was to investigate how the answers to it deviate from the answers to the question (Innv1): “Norway should give residence to refugees and asylum seekers to at least the same extent as today.”

In 2002 the instruction is being changed to the following:

An immigrant is a person having two foreign-born parents. For adopted from abroad it is the social, not the biological parents, who count.

Refugees is a subgroup within the category “immigrants”´. A refugee is a person granted asylum. This may happen in several ways. Either by being granted refugee status by the UN High Commissioner or being part of the refugee quota accepted by Norway each year, or by having successfully applied for asylum in Norway. Persons granted right to stay on humanitarian grounds are also covered by the term refugee.

Asylum seeker is a person having applied for asylum in Norway.

Please, also note that the concept refugee in colloquial language often is used about persons who are fleeing infringements of human rights, war, riots or environmental disasters.”

Upon request by an interviewer - in 2003 the first paragraph of the instruction was supplied with these additional sentences: “In the present questions we aim at immigrants with a non-Western background. This should be conveyed if the respondent asks for clarification.”

The current instruction as from 2009 and onwards is as follows:

Definition of concepts

Immigrants in Norway are foreign-born persons registered as resident in Norway having two foreign-born parents. Persons adopted from abroad are not considered immigrants. The attitude questions generally relate to immigrants with national backgrounds from Eastern Europe, Asia (incl. Turkey), Africa and South and Central America. This should be conveyed if the respondent asks for clarification.

Refugees is a subgroup of immigrants who have migrated to the host country due to reasons of flight and have obtained asylum or right to residence on humanitarian grounds. Some are transferred from refugee camps abroad according to agreements with the UN High Commissioner of Refugees. Others have come as asylum seekers.

Asylum seekers are persons applying for asylum or residence on humanitarian grounds. Their application for residence is still under consideration.

Labour immigration is immigration accepted on grounds of labour. The Nordic countries have had a common labour market since 1954. As a member of the EEA (European Economic Area), Norway is also obliged to receive labour immigrants from countries within the EU/EEA/EFTA. In May 2004, this area was expanded by 10 new EU countries (Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Cyprus and Malta), and later also Bulgaria and Romania. Beyond that, access to the Norwegian labour market is severely restricted for citizens of other countries. Skilled workers and specialists from &“third countries" may be granted access if they cannot be substituted by labour resident within the area. Persons employed on a short-term basis (less than 6 months) and not registered as residents of the country are also usually included as labour immigrants. Before the ban on immigration was introduced in 1975, labour immigration to Norway was more or less free. The first immigrants from Yugoslavia, Turkey, Morocco, India and Pakistan were labour immigrants.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Attitudes towards immigrants and immigration
Topic: Population

Responsible division

Division for Population Statistics

Regional level

Whole country, but also broken down at province level.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics were published every October/November from 1993 to 2000. As an exception, the 1994 results were published in January 1995. After a break in 2001, the statistics were resumed in 2002 and published yearly in November/December.

International reporting

Results have been cited in SOPEMI reports (Continuous Reporting System of Migration of OECD) from Norway.

Microdata

Depersonalized micro data for both the Omnibus surveys and the Travel and holiday surveys (now: the Travel and social surveys) have been transferred to NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data.

Background

Background and purpose

The questions were posed for the first time in Statistics Norway’s Omnibus survey in June 1993, and thereafter yearly in the Omnibus for the second quarter (except in 1994 when it was the third quarter) until 2000. Every year, apart from in 2000, a document giving a simple analysis of the results has been published.

From 2005 and onwards the attitude questions were transferred to the third quarter of the Travel and holiday survey (now: the Travel and social surveys), as Statistics Norway decided that year to discontinue its Omnibus survey. In 2007, the analyses of the results were transferred from the series Notater (Documents) to the series Rapporter (Reports).

Users and applications

The relevant ministry responsible for immigrant integration finances the research and uses the data as a basis for evaluating how its policy aimed at immigrants and immigration is being perceived by the population. The media has given considerable coverage to the results.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

Statistics Act § 2-1 (voluntary)

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The Norwegian population aged 16-79 years, registered as resident in Norway. The unit is person.

Data sources and sampling

The data source is now Statistics Norway’s Travel and social survey (previously: Travel and holiday survey). During the years 1993-2004, the Omnibus survey was used.

The net sample size has followed the development of the samples drawn in Statistics Norway’s Omnibus surveys: in 1993-1994 approximately 1 800 persons, 1995-1997 about 1 400 persons, 1998 about 1 200 persons and 1999-2000 about 1 400 persons. By the 2000s, the sample size has fluctuated between 1 400 and 1 100.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The Omnibus surveys and the Travel and social surveys (previously: - holiday surveys) follow Statistics Norway’s general sampling procedures. In the early publications presenting the results of the surveys an appendix containing details about the collection of data has been added. Since 2002, the appendix on data collection has been replaced by some paragraphs at the beginning of the publication rendering the most basic facts about the data collection: units sampled not belonging to the target population, non-response, fieldwork period, possible sample biases etc. For further details, the reader is recommended to consult documentation materials for each specific survey.

Total interview time is cited in the document/report, but not for each separate part of the survey.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Nothing is ever published that makes it possible to detect the identity of the respondents.

Comparability over time and space

Questions that have been kept unaltered, allow for comparisons over time.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The documentation reports from the surveys include paragraphs on data collection and processing errors. They also present data on non-response and sampling bias in connection with known parameters, such as sex, age, and province.

From 2008 and onwards a part of the above mentioned documentation has been presented in the data chapter in the same reports that present the findings from the surveys on attitudes towards immigrants and immigration. Here is also exposed how the educational level distribute among the respondents in the net sample compared to the corresponding distribution in the gross sample. In 2010 the difference between the two distributions had grown so large that a weight was constructed to eliminate the bias in the educational distribution of the net sample. The results in 2010 and consecutive years have been presented with this weight activated.

Revision

Not relevant