Establishments, enterprises and accounts
bedrifter, Establishments, employees, establishments by size, establishments by industryEstablishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts



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Key figures

590 810

establishments per 1st January 2020

Number of establishments by size
2020Change in per cent
Number of establishmentsPer cent2019 - 2020
All size groups590 810100.01.5
No one employeed387 92365.72.1
1-4 employees100 32617.00.7
5-9 employees41 4387.0-0.7
10-19 employees30 0515.10.1
20-49 employees21 0623.61.4
50-99 employees6 3341.10.1
100 - 249 employees2 8310.52.3
250 employees and more8450.13.8

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Establishments by size and economic activity

Establishments by size and economic activity
Total number of establishmentsNo employees1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
All industries590 810387 923100 32641 43830 05121 0626 3342 831845
Agriculture, forestry and fishing65 88658 5645 96368142020147100
Mining and quarrying1 63689825712411799454452
Manufacture21 66011 9833 8461 8601 6611 345545315105
Electricity, gas and steam1 8821 08030215313814242196
Water supply, sewerage, waste2 3241 19635926523620546161
Construction69 60744 11214 3154 9413 3552 15850918235
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles71 66930 42516 36113 3308 1652 79343612930
Transportation and storage25 84914 9736 5561 8321 15183330113667
Accommodation and food service activities17 0536 9523 8152 6192 1731 177234776
Information and communication23 61516 0144 5981 1528656292219739
Financial and insurance activities4 4682 2751 050458307223765425
Real estate activities57 57949 7126 3721 0033541141590
Professional, scientific and technical activities63 66044 63213 1582 8861 69491322410746
Administrative and support service activities28 74119 6544 7191 5841 09197840424170
Public administration and defence: compulsory social security4 9755961 009861862923370253101
Education19 47712 5911 9158189891 7481 05530061
Human health and social work activities54 78929 0268 1054 3025 0895 7441 573763187
Arts, entertainment and recreation29 04724 6162 3367576355281125211
Personal service activities23 24115 2705 0061 80374430979273
Households as employers activities24195000000
Extraterritorial organisations and bodies802420000
Unspecified3 6203 335277530000

Table 2 
Establishments, by size and county. 1st January

Establishments, by size and county. 1st January
All size groupsNo one employeed1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
The whole country590 810387 923100 32641 43830 05121 0626 3342 831845
Viken128 32185 23022 3658 4916 0304 1901 310550155
Oslo91 14462 66314 4095 3633 9542 9011 005583266
Innlandet46 12731 1287 2843 3152 2711 52540716928
Vestfold og Telemark45 87830 0228 0903 1392 3551 58347018633
Agder34 34922 5455 8642 4751 7441 19136713231
Rogaland47 02530 2868 1243 3172 4131 97054727494
Vestland65 88442 74711 1144 8003 5662 475743338101
Møre og Romsdal28 34317 8274 8052 3881 6491 20231613224
Trøndelag50 99933 7988 1483 6252 7011 82159524467
Nordland25 67115 4924 8402 1811 6941 05926910927
Troms og Finnmark27 06916 1855 2832 3441 6741 14530511419

Table 3 
Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector

Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector
Sum all sectorsGeneral governmentFinancial corporationsNon-financial corporationsHouseholds and non-profit institutionsUnspecified sector/others
The whole country590 81028 9874 469297 074260 20971
Viken128 3215 04387163 27259 12114
Oslo91 1441 9571 27149 22238 66133
Innlandet46 1272 75120518 67924 4857
Vestfold og Telemark45 8782 27125922 72120 6270
Agder34 3491 82119317 94614 3872
Rogaland47 0252 17037024 84419 6374
Vestland65 8843 53546734 05227 8291
Møre og Romsdal28 3431 92620114 82411 3920
Trøndelag50 9992 89634824 25023 4996
Nordland25 6712 26915413 3519 8961
Troms og Finnmark27 0692 34813013 91310 6753

About the statistics

The statistics shows active firms as of 1 January, New establishments are included in the statistics when we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables


Establishment  is defined as a locally delimited functional unit which mainly operates within a particular industry group (Standard Industrial Classification).

Employees / Wage earners

Number of employees / wage earners are derived from the A-scheme from 2015. An employees is a person who works in another person's establishment for wages. Employers are obliged to submit monthly reports to all who receive salaries. It also made exceptions for certain types of employment where the employer does not have the usual authority to instruct the receiving salaries.

Standard classifications

Standard for Industrial Classification SN2007, based on the EU's standards NACE Rev. 1.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Establishments
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Regional level

National level, county and municipality.

Frequency and timeliness

Until the fourth quarter of 2008, every quarter the number of establishments in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) by the beginning of the quarter was published. From January 2009 the statistic is published once a year, by the beginning of the first quarter.

When these figures were published for the first time, they were by the 1st in the last month in the quarter (1st of June 2002).

Figures by the fourth quarter in 2003 were first published in the Statistics Bank as figures by the end of the third quarter.

International reporting

Not relevant


Micro data, information about sampled units and population are temporarily stored in the program language SAS and in long term as text files.


Background and purpose

First published in July 2002.

Users and applications

The public, public authorities, research institutions and industry use the statistics.

Equal treatment of users

 No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for level that are presented will deviate from the number of legal units in the ER, and may on industrial level deviate from what is presented in the structure statistics.

The deviation in relation to the ER is mainly caused by the fact that the ER comprises all legal units -also the ones who are not conducting industrial activities.

These figures deviate from Structural Business Statistics as these only include establishments with turnover, while this statistic also comprise new establishments.

Industry 68.201 (cooperative housing is excluded from the structure statistics for industry 68.

Due to special conditions within the fishing industry, the number of employees for this industry will be lower than the number of fishermen according to what is published in the "NOS-Fishing Statistics". The share fishermen on fishing vessels are not recorded as employees. These have industrial income, but are not registered in the ER/CRE as self-employed unless they are joint owners in shipping companies or liability companies.

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not relevant



Establishment statistics comprise all industries according to NACE standards. As of January 2009 a new version of Eurostat’s industrial classification, SIC2007, is in use for classification of enterprises and establishments. It includes all establishments on the Norwegian mainland.

An establishment is registered to all new legal units, with some rare exceptions. There are some units that never take up any economic activity, and the number of registered establishments is therefore higher than the number of active establishments. New establishments are included in the statistics until we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.

Data sources and sampling

The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) and the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE). The number of employees is from the Register for Employer/Employees.

 Per 1st January 2015 there have been changes in the database. A new scheme (A -scheme) was introduced for reporting of wage and employment conditions to the Tax Administration, NAV and Statistics Norway in 2015. In the new scheme notified employees every month, not just by changes. This means that employers that have not reported will be left with zero employees. The introduction of A - scheme means break in the series.

Turnover and persons employed are collected from Structural Business Statistics and data from other administrative registers such as data from VAT, accounting data and income tax returns from independent businesses, in order to limit the population in relation to establishments that in reality have ceased to exist.

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Administrative sources and data from Structural Business Statistics (SBS) (see 3.2).

CRE is presently a comprehensive register and quality is ensured in relation to population and basic characteristics like addresses, legal form and industry codes.

The quality of the population of active enterprises is taken care of among other things by directly contacting units in connection with the data capture for the SBS and through links toward administrative registers in the monitoring system for establishments in the CRE.

The quality regarding the industry code for establishments and enterprises in the CRE is continuously taken care of. This takes place by contacting the enterprises in SN's SBS-surveys, through administrative sources such as the National Insurance Administration's annual check and in other ways through direct contact with the enterprises. Furthermore it is done with the help of statements of purposes with the ER.

Not relevant

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

This statistics shows the number of establishments at the beginning of the quarter. When figures for 1st January are published, the register is updated with turnover and employment from Structural Business Statistics and data from administrative sources. In the quarterly publication, only changes in the register are recorded.

Changes between quarters are changes in the register and might refer to changes that actually occurred earlier, and the changes that actually took place will not be recorded until some time after they occurred.

The figures will be adjusted when the register is updated at the annual shift. The purpose of this statistic is not to show the development over time, but to give updated figures for structure of the business register.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty


The statistics are based on statistical and administrative sources. Several administrative sources are instrumental in the work with updating the CRE and are used both to define the population and to collect characteristics and information: The ER in Brønnøysund, the VAT-register and the A register are used to collect information about the units. This may cause register errors that may affect the uncertainty of the statistics.

A possible source for errors is out of date information caused by lags in the registration. Such lags are caused by the fact that changes are often registered some time after they have occurred. The consequence is that the registers are not updated at all times, something that may lead to using outdated information as basis for the statistics.

Discontinuances of activities are normally registered after they have taken place, based on information in connection with the collection of data for structure statistics or by links toward administrative registers.

Some enterprises is not correct registered regarding to establishment on different location or within different economic sectors. In some enterprises with more than one establishment, all employees is registered at one establishment.


Not relevant