Establishments, enterprises and accounts
bedrifter, Establishments, employees, establishments by size, establishments by industryEstablishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts



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Key figures

606 642

establishments per 1st January 2021

Number of establishments by size
2021Change in per cent
Number of establishmentsPer cent2020 - 2021
All size groups606 642100.02.7
No one employeed405 06566.84.4
1-4 employees101 11716.70.8
5-9 employees40 6326.7-1.9
10-19 employees29 4724.9-1.9
20-49 employees20 5803.4-2.3
50-99 employees6 2451.0-1.4
100 - 249 employees2 7140.4-4.1
250 employees and more8170.1-3.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Establishments by size and economic activity

Establishments by size and economic activity
Total number of establishmentsNo one employeed1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
All industries606 642405 065101 11740 63229 47220 5806 2452 714817
Agriculture, forestry and fishing65 32658 2585 66771241121946130
Mining and quarrying1 62389824312311898454850
Manufacture21 85612 2553 8791 8581 6241 325507303105
Electricity, gas and steam1 9891 16331414316813342206
Water supply, sewerage, waste2 3881 23337126026518854161
Construction70 66744 96714 6204 9643 3292 08449417336
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles71 30330 82916 46712 7407 8812 77645212830
Transportation and storage26 59516 5335 9911 6691 11381627913757
Accommodation and food service activities17 3867 2694 1422 7252 079974163313
Information and communication24 37916 5434 7881 16286864822910239
Financial and insurance activities5 0542 8361 081448310218795428
Real estate activities59 09551 2366 4119583581091490
Professional, scientific and technical activities65 10845 91713 3582 9071 68188521810339
Administrative and support service activities29 24520 3984 7021 5421 04888738721269
Public administration and defence: compulsory social security4 828521980780890909388258102
Education20 06613 1631 9218499351 7581 08529461
Human health and social work activities56 38230 4638 3404 1485 1375 7871 588739180
Arts, entertainment and recreation30 56826 1982 331787610488101449
Personal service activities23 67115 7085 1071 82864427874302
Households as employers activities19154000000
Extraterritorial organisations and bodies912420000
Unspecified9 0858 6613982510000

Table 2 
Establishments, by size and county. 1st January

Establishments, by size and county. 1st January
All size groupsNo one employeed1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
The whole country606 642405 065101 11740 63229 47220 5806 2452 714817
Viken132 46789 58622 5428 3455 8704 1221 315538149
Oslo95 45767 25914 4705 3293 8452 754992558250
Innlandet46 85331 9267 4423 1622 2411 50039815826
Vestfold og Telemark47 22231 3538 2233 0792 3041 58547217036
Agder35 07623 3035 8902 4231 7801 14637412832
Rogaland48 22131 6318 1033 3372 3671 88253327890
Vestland67 51744 56111 2464 6623 4382 474730305101
Møre og Romsdal28 66618 2404 8082 3251 6381 18631213324
Trøndelag51 76034 6628 2003 5312 6721 81357924063
Nordland26 03115 9074 8902 1511 6851 0102629828
Troms og Finnmark27 37216 6375 3032 2881 6321 10827810818

Table 3 
Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector

Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector
Sum all sectorsGeneral governmentFinancial corporationsNon-financial corporationsHouseholds and non-profit institutionsUnspecified sector/others
The whole country606 64229 0325 058308 721263 74685
Viken132 4675 05794566 00860 43027
Oslo95 4571 9831 45751 54740 44129
Innlandet46 8532 73923519 40224 4752
Vestfold og Telemark47 2222 26029323 79920 8673
Agder35 0761 81821418 59714 4443
Rogaland48 2212 17340825 78219 8517
Vestland67 5173 59056235 24428 1174
Møre og Romsdal28 6661 92123015 17911 3351
Trøndelag51 7602 89141725 08923 3585
Nordland26 0312 23015813 8019 8420
Troms og Finnmark27 3722 37013914 27310 5864

About the statistics

The statistics shows active firms as of 1 January, New establishments are included in the statistics when we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables


Establishment  is defined as a locally delimited functional unit which mainly operates within a particular industry group (Standard Industrial Classification).

Employees / Wage earners

Number of employees / wage earners are derived from the A-scheme from 2015. An employees is a person who works in another person's establishment for wages. Employers are obliged to submit monthly reports to all who receive salaries. It also made exceptions for certain types of employment where the employer does not have the usual authority to instruct the receiving salaries.

Standard classifications

Standard for Industrial Classification SN2007, based on the EU's standards NACE Rev. 1.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Establishments
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Responsible division

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Regional level

National level, county and municipality.

Frequency and timeliness

Until the fourth quarter of 2008, every quarter the number of establishments in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) by the beginning of the quarter was published. From January 2009 the statistic is published once a year, by the beginning of the first quarter.

When these figures were published for the first time, they were by the 1st in the last month in the quarter (1st of June 2002).

Figures by the fourth quarter in 2003 were first published in the Statistics Bank as figures by the end of the third quarter.

International reporting

Not relevant


Micro data, information about sampled units and population are temporarily stored in the program language SAS and in long term as text files.


Background and purpose

First published in July 2002.

Users and applications

The public, public authorities, research institutions and industry use the statistics.

Equal treatment of users

 No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for level that are presented will deviate from the number of legal units in the ER, and may on industrial level deviate from what is presented in the structure statistics.

The deviation in relation to the ER is mainly caused by the fact that the ER comprises all legal units -also the ones who are not conducting industrial activities.

These figures deviate from Structural Business Statistics as these only include establishments with turnover, while this statistic also comprise new establishments.

Industry 68.201 (cooperative housing is excluded from the structure statistics for industry 68.

Due to special conditions within the fishing industry, the number of employees for this industry will be lower than the number of fishermen according to what is published in the "NOS-Fishing Statistics". The share fishermen on fishing vessels are not recorded as employees. These have industrial income, but are not registered in the ER/CRE as self-employed unless they are joint owners in shipping companies or liability companies.

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not relevant



Establishment statistics comprise all industries according to NACE standards. As of January 2009 a new version of Eurostat’s industrial classification, SIC2007, is in use for classification of enterprises and establishments. It includes all establishments on the Norwegian mainland.

An establishment is registered to all new legal units, with some rare exceptions. There are some units that never take up any economic activity, and the number of registered establishments is therefore higher than the number of active establishments. New establishments are included in the statistics until we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.

Data sources and sampling

The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) and the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE). The number of employees is from the Register for Employer/Employees.

 Per 1st January 2015 there have been changes in the database. A new scheme (A -scheme) was introduced for reporting of wage and employment conditions to the Tax Administration, NAV and Statistics Norway in 2015. In the new scheme notified employees every month, not just by changes. This means that employers that have not reported will be left with zero employees. The introduction of A - scheme means break in the series.

Turnover and persons employed are collected from Structural Business Statistics and data from other administrative registers such as data from VAT, accounting data and income tax returns from independent businesses, in order to limit the population in relation to establishments that in reality have ceased to exist.

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Administrative sources and data from Structural Business Statistics (SBS) (see 3.2).

CRE is presently a comprehensive register and quality is ensured in relation to population and basic characteristics like addresses, legal form and industry codes.

The quality of the population of active enterprises is taken care of among other things by directly contacting units in connection with the data capture for the SBS and through links toward administrative registers in the monitoring system for establishments in the CRE.

The quality regarding the industry code for establishments and enterprises in the CRE is continuously taken care of. This takes place by contacting the enterprises in SN's SBS-surveys, through administrative sources such as the National Insurance Administration's annual check and in other ways through direct contact with the enterprises. Furthermore it is done with the help of statements of purposes with the ER.

Not relevant

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

This statistics shows the number of establishments at the beginning of the quarter. When figures for 1st January are published, the register is updated with turnover and employment from Structural Business Statistics and data from administrative sources. In the quarterly publication, only changes in the register are recorded.

Changes between quarters are changes in the register and might refer to changes that actually occurred earlier, and the changes that actually took place will not be recorded until some time after they occurred.

The figures will be adjusted when the register is updated at the annual shift. The purpose of this statistic is not to show the development over time, but to give updated figures for structure of the business register.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty


The statistics are based on statistical and administrative sources. Several administrative sources are instrumental in the work with updating the CRE and are used both to define the population and to collect characteristics and information: The ER in Brønnøysund, the VAT-register and the A register are used to collect information about the units. This may cause register errors that may affect the uncertainty of the statistics.

A possible source for errors is out of date information caused by lags in the registration. Such lags are caused by the fact that changes are often registered some time after they have occurred. The consequence is that the registers are not updated at all times, something that may lead to using outdated information as basis for the statistics.

Discontinuances of activities are normally registered after they have taken place, based on information in connection with the collection of data for structure statistics or by links toward administrative registers.

Some enterprises is not correct registered regarding to establishment on different location or within different economic sectors. In some enterprises with more than one establishment, all employees is registered at one establishment.


Not relevant