371505
/en/utdanning/statistikker/barnehager/aar-endelige
371505
statistikk
2019-03-13T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Public sector;Immigration and immigrants;Svalbard
en
barnehager, Kindergartens, kindergartens, private kindergartens, public kindergartens, non-municipal kindergartens, coverage, part-time place, duration of stay, minority language children, refugee kindergartens, family kindergartens, open kindergartens, kindergarten personnel, nursery nursesKindergartens, Education, KOSTRA , Education, Public sector, Immigration and immigrants, Education, Svalbard
true

Kindergartens

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

91.8 %

of all children aged 1-5 attended kindergarten

Main figures - Kindergartens
2018Difference from last yearDifference last 5 years
Number of children in kindergarten278 578-3 044-8 599
Percentage of children 1-5 years91.80.61.4
Percentage of children 1-2 years83.51.42.5
Percentage of children 3-5 years97.10.20.3
 
Number of kindergartens5 788-88-508
Percentage of public kindergartens4700
 
Employees96 0981 5582 525
Percentage of employees to primary functions81.30.2-0.5
Percentage of directors and educational leaders with pre-school teacher education87.4-0.56.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Number of kindergartens, employees and children, by county.

Number of kindergartens, employees and children, by county.
KindergartensPublic kindergartensPrivate kindergartensEmployees, totalChildren in kindergartensPercentage 1-5 years
20165 9802 7893 19193 952282 64991.1
20175 8762 7363 14094 540281 62291.3
20185 7882 7093 07996 098278 57891.8
 
2018
Østfold274891854 78814 04589.9
Akershus68726142611 69235 34692.5
Oslo72230941311 97436 91589.2
Hedmark201115863 0988 58592.3
Oppland205108973 0798 48492.6
Buskerud2891151744 74713 97190.8
Vestfold2321051274 18412 06691.4
Telemark17297752 8657 97992.4
Aust-Agder155541012 2456 01791.8
Vest-Agder212761363 55310 06090.0
Rogaland4582332259 73327 94390.0
Hordaland5181993199 57429 29892.7
Sogn og Fjordane143111322 0955 51393.4
Møre og Romsdal2891541354 88013 64293.9
Trøndelag5802922888 99524 78394.0
Nordland3301831474 18311 81593.4
Troms - Romsa218137813 0748 41794.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku10169321 3073 60390.9
Svalbard2203296.

Table 2 
Children in kindergartens by age.

Children in kindergartens by age.
Total0 years1 year2 years3 years4 years5 years6 years
2010277 1392 60344 31754 40857 77559 37858 180478
2011282 7372 59944 31656 08359 74059 54860 031420
2012286 1532 31842 75457 38461 40961 55660 338394
2013287 1771 89442 33656 36560 94962 98162 266386
2014286 4142 14541 14556 70959 84062 42263 746407
2015283 6082 20141 89555 36359 77561 03662 972366
2016282 6492 36643 01555 91058 30660 99961 708345
2017281 6222 24543 30056 17758 55859 48261 530330
2018278 5782 19642 15056 26458 43659 30359 836393

Table 3 
Children in kindergartens by hours of attendance per week and different age groups

Children in kindergartens by hours of attendance per week and different age groups
Total0-8 hours per week9-16 hours per week17-24 hours per week25-32 hours per week33-40 hours per week41 hours and over per weekPercentage in different age groups
All age groups278 57814657103 7906 223267 776
0 year2 196162067322 0704.0
1 year42 15031924081388640 18973.2
2 year56 2641101478881 27153 94793.2
3 year58 4361111147581 26956 28396.4
4 year59 30367976851 35357 15597.3
5 year59 836212925771 40357 75097.6
6 year39300029382
 
0-5 years278 18514657103 7886 214267 39478.1
1-5 years275 98913596903 7216 182265 32491.8
1-2 years98 4144293871 7012 15794 13683.5
3-5 years177 5759303032 0204 025171 18897.1

Table 4 
Persons employed and man-years by employment position in kindergartens.

Persons employed and man-years by employment position in kindergartens.
20182017201620152014
All positions
Employees96 09894 54093 95293 97493 814
Man-years77 10175 53475 03174 64774 998
Directors
Employees6 1986 2496 3006 3676 659
Man-years4 7834 8214 8034 8465 044
Educational leaders
Employees31 24927 65227 02126 87825 158
Man-years28 97125 58324 96824 67523 639
Assistants
Employees0028 92329 76131 171
Man-years0024 68625 39226 820
Bilingual assistants
Employees1 3471 3981 2991 3301 367
Man-years399405388384434
Early childhood educators or other employees with the same qualifications
Employees008129511 400
Man-years005937581 113
Childcare and youth worker
Employees0013 79913 01011 917
Man-years0012 36811 59610 759
Other primary functions
Employees40 67542 790000
Man-years35 16537 123000
Other educational personnel
Employees7 6987 4156 7286 2396 358
Man-years4 5654 3583 9833 6763 795
Office staff
Employees1 4531 4461 4411 4981 579
Man-years459478491516514
Other paid help
Employees7 4787 5907 6297 9408 205
Man-years2 7602 7662 7502 8042 880

Table 5 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex

Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex
20182017201620152014
Total number of persons employed96 09894 54093 95293 97493 814
Females84 77383 47083 22183 38582 987
Males11 32511 07010 73110 58910 827
Directors6 1986 2496 3006 3676 659
Females5 6745 7305 7915 8356 106
Males524519509532553
Educational leaders31 24927 65227 02126 87825 158
Females28 47725 30824 85424 85423 304
Males2 7722 3442 1672 0241 854
Other primary functions40 67542 79043 53443 72244 488
Females36 63238 63739 36339 54240 288
Males4 0434 1534 1714 1804 200
Bilingual assistants1 3471 3981 2991 3301 367
Females1 2411 2921 2001 2411 269
Males106106998998
Other educational personal7 6987 4156 7286 2396 358
Females7 2006 9316 3005 8285 955
Males498484428411403
Office staff1 4531 4461 4411 4981 579
Females1 2061 1881 1801 2341 314
Males247258261264265
Other paid help7 4787 5907 6297 9408 205
Females4 3434 3844 5334 8514 751
Males3 1353 2063 0963 0893 454

Table 6 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications

Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications
20182017201620152014
Total number of persons employed96 09894 54093 95293 97493 814
 
Directors6 1986 2496 3006 3676 659
with pre-school teatcher education5 6395 6515 6865 9016 138
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children438446456337404
with vocational training1112111511
 
Educational leaders31 24927 65227 02126 87825 158
with pre-school teatcher education27 08625 30024 72624 62022 490
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children8267846839851 142
with vocational training1 163429427514518
 
Other primary functions40 67542 79043 53443 72244 488
with pre-school teatcher education334
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children14 053
other college education1 967
skilled worker training13 229
other background21 671
 
Bilingual assistants1 3471 3981 2991 3301 367
with pre-school teatcher education307328304383306
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children102143169129
with vocational training1131191148480
 
Other educational personal7 6987 4156 7286 2396 358
with pre-school teatcher education2 2552 2052 0272 2042 224
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children1181442381 031938
with vocational training1 061981794747684
 
Office staff1 4531 4461 4411 4981 579
 
Other paid help7 4787 5907 6297 9408 205

About the statistics

The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, as well as supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

According to the Day Care Institutions Act of 1995, a kindergarten is defined as an approved educational establishment organized for children below the age of compulsory education. The Ministry of Education and Research determines regulations and guidelines for kindergartens, while municipalities issue the approvals.

A family day-care centre is a type of kindergarten that organizes its activities in a private home, based on the premise that a kindergarten teacher is employed as an educational supervisor. The kindergarten teacher should either be attached to an ordinary kindergarten or the municipal administration. The regulation on family day-care centres states that at least half of the children in a family day-care institution group must be other than the home's own children.

Open kindergartens do not have a set group of children. They are open to children accompanied by parents for playing and social gathering. The estimated number of children attending open kindergartens refers to the number of children who can visit the kindergarten at the same time. From 1999 and onwards, the number of children in open kindergartens is not included in the total number of children in kindergartens. Hence the number of children is not directly comparable before and after the change.

Man-year refers to a full-time employee (37.5 hours per week) for a year.

Children in kindergartens refers to the total number of children who have a place regardless of weekly attendance.

Age of children is given as of year-end.

Attendance refers to agreed attendance not actual attendance. 

Coverage is the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts. 

Linguistic and cultural minorities are children with ethnic languages and cultural backgrounds other than Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. 

Standard classifications

Part-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 0-8 hours, 9-16 hours, 17-24 hours or 25-32 hours per week.

Full-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 33-40 hours or 41 hours or more per week.

Public kindergartens : Kindergartens owned by the municipal, county municipal or state authorities.

Private kindergartens : Privately owned kindergartens, including privately owned kindergartens receiving subsidies from the municipality.

Non-municipal kindergartens: County municipal, state or privately owned kindergartens.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Kindergartens
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

The statistics are published on national, county and municipal level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual reports as of 15 December. Final figures are published in March. In addition, KOSTRA preliminary figures are published 15 March and final figures are published 15 June.

International reporting

Some data are delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

Microdata

All statistics about kindergartens at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate. Primary data and information on sample units are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

Kindergarten statistics were first collected in 1963, and have been developed since then. The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, and supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Users and applications

Important users of the kindergarten statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, municipal authorities, county governors, researchers and the media. The kindergarten statistics are also relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway, such as the Price level survey of households' payments in kindergartens, account statistics for private kindergartens and KOSTRA (Municipality - State - Reporting).

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on www.ssb.no at 08.00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway i.e. KOSTRA,national accounts, account statistics for private kindergartens, and others. Comparable statistics can be found at the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR)

Legal authority

The information is collected by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR) under the authority of the Day Care Institutions Act, section 7. Statistics Norway uses the reports to produce official statistics under the authority of the Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 regarding official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Not relevant.

Production

Population

The statistics include all approved kindergartens of any form of ownership; municipal, county, state and private owned kindergartens. Information about children in kindergarten, institutions, persons employed and man-years worked is some of the data that is collected.

Some of the information that is collected is age, attendance per week in ordinary kindergartens, family day-care centres and number of children attending open kindergartens. The statistics also include the number of children relative to the number of employees/man-years and the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts.

Furthermore, data regarding the number of children that are given priority because of handicap, the number of children that are allocated extra resources and the number of children who receive training in their mother tongue is collected.

Employees and man-years are distributed by category of employment position, education and ownership. Employees are also distributed by gender.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on data that is compiled electronically through BASIL by the forms "Annual reports for kindergartens as of 15 December".

All approved kindergartens under the Day Care Institutions Act that receive subsidies are in the sample.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The web solution presently in use for the data collection is called BASIL (BArnehage-Statistikk-InnrapporteringsLøsning) and is owned by the Ministry of Education and Research. Username and password is sent to every kindergarten 1 December and the Annual reports for kindergartens are reported by 15 December, with a response deadline of four weeks.

The electronic forms have several checks active during the registration process. The information is also controlled and edited by the corresponding county governors and by Statistics Norway before data are aggregated and published. The controls are based on coherence between data and comparison to prior years.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The statistics are not published on institutional level.

Comparability over time and space

The compulsory schooling in Norway was extended from 9 to 10 years in 1997, which meant that 6-year-olds were enrolled in primary schools instead of kindergartens. This shift means that some time series like percentage of children attending kindergartens will have a break .

The categories of levels of attendance hours were changed from 1999. This was done because of the introduction of cash benefits for parents with small children 1-3 years old that are not attending kindergarten full-time. The former five categories were substituted by six new categories. The definition of full-time attendance in kindergarten was changed from 32 week-hours and more to 33 week-hours and more.

Children in open kindergartens were reported separately from 1999. Earlier they were reported among children in other types of kindergartens. While the statistics prior to 1999 included children in open kindergartens, the shift that was made in 1999 has enabled Statistics Norway to separate between:

  • The number of children in ordinary kindergartens (excluding children in open kindergartens, thus not directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)
  • The number of children with an offer of admission in kindergartens (including children in open kindergartens, thus directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)

Due to changes in the collection of educational background that were introduced in 2016, the figures are not directly comparable with previous years.

 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors may occur during completion of the forms in the kindergartens or by the municipal authorities. Most errors are discovered and corrected by manual or automatic controls, some errors may still occur.

This is a fullscale collection, and the response rate is equal to 100 per cent.  

Revision

Principles for revisions in Statistics Norway