406166
/en/utdanning/statistikker/barnehager/aar-endelige
406166
statistikk
2020-03-13T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Public sector;Immigration and immigrants;Svalbard
en
barnehager, Kindergartens, kindergartens, private kindergartens, public kindergartens, non-municipal kindergartens, coverage, part-time place, duration of stay, minority language children, refugee kindergartens, family kindergartens, open kindergartens, kindergarten personnel, nursery nursesKindergartens, Education, KOSTRA , Education, Public sector, Immigration and immigrants, Education, Svalbard
true

Kindergartens

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

92.2 %

of all children aged 1-5 attended kindergarten

Main figures - Kindergartens
2019Difference from last yearDifference last 5 years
Number of children in kindergarten275 804-2 774-10 610
Percentage of children 1-5 years92.20.61.4
Percentage of children 1-2 years84.41.42.5
Percentage of children 3-5 years97.10.20.3
 
Number of kindergartens5 730-58-475
Percentage of public kindergartens4701
 
Employees96 7446462 930
Percentage of directors and educational leaders with pre-school teacher education88.6-0.56.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Number of kindergartens, employees and children, by county.

Number of kindergartens, employees and children, by county.
KindergartensPublic kindergartensPrivate kindergartensEmployees, totalChildren in kindergartens
20175 8762 7363 14094 540281 622
20185 7882 7093 07996 098278 578
20195 7302 7013 02996 744275 804
 
2019
Østfold (-2019)276911854 90213 984
Akershus (-2019)67925942011 87235 421
Oslo71831740112 10936 938
Hedmark (-2019)200113873 1518 505
Oppland (-2019)203107963 0378 315
Buskerud (-2019)2891141754 79913 872
Vestfold (-2019)2281071214 15311 888
Telemark (-2019)17298742 8507 874
Aust-Agder (-2019)154541002 2305 876
Vest-Agder (-2019)208771313 58210 006
Rogaland4552322239 85327 701
Hordaland (-2019)5141973179 78728 988
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)142112302 1355 544
Møre og Romsdal2831491344 88613 380
Trøndelag - Trööndelage5722922808 90424 394
Nordland3231781454 15511 416
Troms - Romsa (-2019)213133803 0188 112
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)9969301 2863 484
Svalbard22035106

Table 2 
Children in kindergartens by age.

Children in kindergartens by age.
Total0 years1 year2 years3 years4 years5 years6 years
2011282 7372 59944 31656 08359 74059 54860 031420
2012286 1532 31842 75457 38461 40961 55660 338394
2013287 1771 89442 33656 36560 94962 98162 266386
2014286 4142 14541 14556 70959 84062 42263 746407
2015283 6082 20141 89555 36359 77561 03662 972366
2016282 6492 36643 01555 91058 30660 99961 708345
2017281 6222 24543 30056 17758 55859 48261 530330
2018278 5782 19642 15056 26458 43659 30359 836393
2019275 8042 29541 92154 15358 41159 07859 580366

Table 3 
Children in kindergartens by hours of attendance per week and different age groups

Children in kindergartens by hours of attendance per week and different age groups
Total0-8 hours per week9-16 hours per week17-24 hours per week25-32 hours per week33-40 hours per week41 hours and over per weekPercentage in different age groups
All age groups275 80474605883 3435 226266 513
0 year2 295061464302 1814.2
1 year41 921141117978578940 14374.8
2 year54 15310131308191 02152 16093.6
3 year58 411178946601 07956 55396.5
4 year59 0781813935351 15157 26897.1
5 year59 580159784791 14957 85097.5
6 year36600017358
 
0-5 years275 43874605883 3425 219266 15578.4
1-5 years273 14374545743 2785 189263 97492.2
1-2 years96 07424243091 6041 81092 30384.4
3-5 years177 06950302651 6743 379171 67197.1

Table 4 
Persons employed and man-years by employment position in kindergartens.

Persons employed and man-years by employment position in kindergartens.
20192018201720162015
1The profession «Assistants» is not in use from 2017.
2The category "Early childhood educators or other employees with the same qualifications" is not in use from 2017.
3The profession "Childcare and youth worker" is not in use from 2017.
All positions
Employees96 74496 09894 54093 95293 974
Man-years78 05577 10175 53475 03174 647
Directors
Employees6 0546 1986 2496 3006 367
Man-years4 7864 7834 8214 8034 846
Educational leaders
Employees31 69431 24927 65227 02126 878
Man-years29 47628 97125 58324 96824 675
Assistants1
Employees00028 92329 761
Man-years00024 68625 392
Bilingual assistants
Employees1 2001 3471 3981 2991 330
Man-years358399405388384
Early childhood educators or other employees with the same qualifications2
Employees000812951
Man-years000593758
Childcare and youth worker3
Employees00013 79913 010
Man-years00012 36811 596
Other primary functions
Employees40 87340 67542 79000
Man-years35 36835 16537 12300
Other educational personnel
Employees8 3157 6987 4156 7286 239
Man-years4 9454 5654 3583 9833 676
Office staff
Employees1 2441 4531 4461 4411 498
Man-years411459478491516
Other paid help
Employees7 3647 4787 5907 6297 940
Man-years2 7112 7602 7662 7502 804

Table 5 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex

Persons employed in kindergartens, by employment position and sex
20192018201720162015
Total number of persons employed96 74496 09894 54093 95293 974
Females85 23084 77383 47083 22183 385
Males11 51411 32511 07010 73110 589
Directors6 0546 1986 2496 3006 367
Females5 5395 6745 7305 7915 835
Males515524519509532
Educational leaders31 69431 24927 65227 02126 878
Females28 73628 47725 30824 85424 854
Males2 9582 7722 3442 1672 024
Other primary functions40 87340 67542 79043 53443 722
Females36 74336 63238 63739 36339 542
Males4 1304 0434 1534 1714 180
Bilingual assistants1 2001 3471 3981 2991 330
Females1 0951 2411 2921 2001 241
Males1051061069989
Other educational personal8 3157 6987 4156 7286 239
Females7 7657 2006 9316 3005 828
Males550498484428411
Office staff1 2441 4531 4461 4411 498
Females1 0261 2061 1881 1801 234
Males218247258261264
Other paid help7 3647 4787 5907 6297 940
Females4 3264 3434 3844 5334 851
Males3 0383 1353 2063 0963 089

Table 6 
Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications

Persons employed in kindergartens, by position and qualifications
20192018201720162015
Total number of persons employed96 74496 09894 54093 95293 974
 
Directors6 0546 1986 2496 3006 367
with pre-school teatcher education5 4785 6395 6515 6865 901
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children431438446456337
with vocational training1211121115
 
Educational leaders31 69431 24927 65227 02126 878
with pre-school teatcher education27 98427 08625 30024 72624 620
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children1 002826784683985
with vocational training9731 163429427514
 
Other primary functions40 87340 67542 79043 53443 722
with pre-school teatcher education264
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children14 967
other college education1 975
skilled worker training14 119
other background21 022
 
Bilingual assistants1 2001 3471 3981 2991 330
with pre-school teatcher education255307328304383
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children9102143169
with vocational training11911311911484
 
Other educational personal8 3157 6987 4156 7286 239
with pre-school teatcher education2 3732 2552 2052 0272 204
with other college education that gives qualifications for working with children1401181442381 031
with vocational training1 2481 061981794747
 
Office staff1 2441 4531 4461 4411 498
 
Other paid help7 3647 4787 5907 6297 940

About the statistics

The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, as well as supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

According to the Day Care Institutions Act of 1995, a kindergarten is defined as an approved educational establishment organized for children below the age of compulsory education. The Ministry of Education and Research determines regulations and guidelines for kindergartens, while municipalities issue the approvals.

A family day-care centre is a type of kindergarten that organizes its activities in a private home, based on the premise that a kindergarten teacher is employed as an educational supervisor. The kindergarten teacher should either be attached to an ordinary kindergarten or the municipal administration. The regulation on family day-care centres states that at least half of the children in a family day-care institution group must be other than the home's own children.

Open kindergartens do not have a set group of children. They are open to children accompanied by parents for playing and social gathering. The estimated number of children attending open kindergartens refers to the number of children who can visit the kindergarten at the same time. From 1999 and onwards, the number of children in open kindergartens is not included in the total number of children in kindergartens. Hence the number of children is not directly comparable before and after the change.

Man-year refers to a full-time employee (37.5 hours per week) for a year.

Children in kindergartens refers to the total number of children who have a place regardless of weekly attendance.

Age of children is given as of year-end.

Attendance refers to agreed attendance not actual attendance. 

Coverage is the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts. 

Linguistic and cultural minorities are children with ethnic languages and cultural backgrounds other than Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. 

Standard classifications

Part-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 0-8 hours, 9-16 hours, 17-24 hours or 25-32 hours per week.

Full-time attendance in kindergartens : Children with agreed attendance hours within the categories of 33-40 hours or 41 hours or more per week.

Public kindergartens : Kindergartens owned by the municipal, county municipal or state authorities.

Private kindergartens : Privately owned kindergartens, including privately owned kindergartens receiving subsidies from the municipality.

Non-municipal kindergartens: County municipal, state or privately owned kindergartens.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Kindergartens
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

The statistics are published on national, county and municipal level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual reports as of 15 December. Final figures are published in March. In addition, KOSTRA preliminary figures are published 15 March and final figures are published 15 June.

International reporting

Some data are delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

Microdata

All statistics about kindergartens at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate. Primary data and information on sample units are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

Kindergarten statistics were first collected in 1963, and have been developed since then. The purpose of the statistics is to provide information about the status of kindergartens and employees in kindergartens. Information reported by the kindergartens also forms background for state subsidies payments, and supervisions according to the Day Care Institutions Act and other regulations.

Users and applications

Important users of the kindergarten statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, municipal authorities, county governors, researchers and the media. The kindergarten statistics are also relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway, such as the Price level survey of households' payments in kindergartens, account statistics for private kindergartens and KOSTRA (Municipality - State - Reporting).

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on www.ssb.no at 08.00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are relevant to other statistics produced by Statistics Norway i.e. KOSTRA,national accounts, account statistics for private kindergartens, and others. Comparable statistics can be found at the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR)

Legal authority

The information is collected by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR) under the authority of the Day Care Institutions Act, section 7. Statistics Norway uses the reports to produce official statistics under the authority of the Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 regarding official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Not relevant.

Production

Population

The statistics include all approved kindergartens of any form of ownership; municipal, county, state and private owned kindergartens. Information about children in kindergarten, institutions, persons employed and man-years worked is some of the data that is collected.

Some of the information that is collected is age, attendance per week in ordinary kindergartens, family day-care centres and number of children attending open kindergartens. The statistics also include the number of children relative to the number of employees/man-years and the percentage of children in kindergarten relative to the total number of children in the corresponding cohorts.

Furthermore, data regarding the number of children that are given priority because of handicap, the number of children that are allocated extra resources and the number of children who receive training in their mother tongue is collected.

Employees and man-years are distributed by category of employment position, education and ownership. Employees are also distributed by gender.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on data that is compiled electronically through BASIL by the forms "Annual reports for kindergartens as of 15 December".

All approved kindergartens under the Day Care Institutions Act that receive subsidies are in the sample.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The web solution presently in use for the data collection is called BASIL (BArnehage-Statistikk-InnrapporteringsLøsning) and is owned by the Ministry of Education and Research. Username and password is sent to every kindergarten 1 December and the Annual reports for kindergartens are reported by 15 December, with a response deadline of four weeks.

The electronic forms have several checks active during the registration process. The information is also controlled and edited by the corresponding county governors and by Statistics Norway before data are aggregated and published. The controls are based on coherence between data and comparison to prior years.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The statistics are not published on institutional level.

Comparability over time and space

The compulsory schooling in Norway was extended from 9 to 10 years in 1997, which meant that 6-year-olds were enrolled in primary schools instead of kindergartens. This shift means that some time series like percentage of children attending kindergartens will have a break .

The categories of levels of attendance hours were changed from 1999. This was done because of the introduction of cash benefits for parents with small children 1-3 years old that are not attending kindergarten full-time. The former five categories were substituted by six new categories. The definition of full-time attendance in kindergarten was changed from 32 week-hours and more to 33 week-hours and more.

Children in open kindergartens were reported separately from 1999. Earlier they were reported among children in other types of kindergartens. While the statistics prior to 1999 included children in open kindergartens, the shift that was made in 1999 has enabled Statistics Norway to separate between:

  • The number of children in ordinary kindergartens (excluding children in open kindergartens, thus not directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)
  • The number of children with an offer of admission in kindergartens (including children in open kindergartens, thus directly comparable to earlier figures of total number of children in kindergartens)

Due to changes in the collection of educational background that were introduced in 2016, the figures are not directly comparable with previous years.

 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors may occur during completion of the forms in the kindergartens or by the municipal authorities. Most errors are discovered and corrected by manual or automatic controls, some errors may still occur.

This is a fullscale collection, and the response rate is equal to 100 per cent.  

Revision

Principals for revision in Statistics Norway