398444
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/arblonn/kvartal
398444
statistikk
2020-02-12T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
en
arblonn, Number of employments and earnings, business cycle, business trend, cyclic development, cyclical trend, economic cycle, economic trend, employee, salaried employee, workEmployment , Labour market and earnings, Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants
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Number of employments and earnings

Updated

Next update

Key figures

1.5 %

more jobs

Number of jobs, wage earners, and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Absolute numbersPercentage change
Number of jobs (employments)
Both sexes2 952 9411.5
Males1 531 5071.8
Females1 421 4341.2
 
Number of employees
Both sexes2 669 5711.4
Males1 418 0211.7
Females1 251 5501.0
 
Average monthly basic earnings (NOK)
Both sexes45 1003.6
Males47 3303.4
Females42 3203.8

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Number of jobs and average monthly basic earnings, by sex

Number of jobs and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
Number of jobs (employments)Average monthly basic earnings (NOK)
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Both sexes
All ages2 952 9411.545 1003.6
Less than 25 years399 5511.129 1303.4
25-39 years991 5981.741 8903.6
40-54 years980 4590.749 5303.5
55-66 years516 3202.550 1703.7
67 years or older65 0134.046 6603.9
 
Males
All ages1 531 5071.847 3303.4
Less than 25 years194 7841.029 8903.6
25-39 years522 3762.043 1903.5
40-54 years508 3741.052 3803.3
55-66 years266 6593.154 1303.5
67 years or older39 3145.449 5703.9
 
Females
All ages1 421 4341.242 3203.8
Less than 25 years204 7671.328 1003.2
25-39 years469 2221.440 2603.8
40-54 years472 0850.546 0903.7
55-66 years249 6611.845 3804.0
67 years or older25 6992.040 5003.5

Table 2 
Number of jobs and average monthly basic earnings, by county

Number of jobs and average monthly basic earnings, by county
Number of jobs (employments)Average monthly basic earnings (NOK)
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Østfold (-2019)132 0730.841 4303.5
Akershus (-2019)306 2972.146 2403.4
Oslo532 1132.450 4003.7
Hedmark (-2019)94 2930.041 2103.8
Oppland (-2019)94 246-0.640 6003.2
Buskerud (-2019)139 8381.743 0703.6
Vestfold (-2019)117 5231.042 7103.3
Telemark (-2019)81 6960.842 2703.4
Aust-Agder (-2019)52 9970.642 3704.2
Vest-Agder (-2019)98 3051.742 8703.4
Rogaland273 7143.247 3003.8
Hordaland (-2019)288 8042.144 8403.3
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)60 9180.741 5203.8
Møre og Romsdal142 9921.242 5903.7
Trøndelag - Trööndelage253 9711.743 7303.5
Nordland128 7140.842 1703.2
Troms - Romsa (-2019)96 5860.942 8403.2
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)42 0721.141 6803.3
County not stated2 830-56.544 60020.5
Not mainland Norway12 959-10.454 2603.2

Table 3 
Number of jobs and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Number of jobs and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of jobs (employments)Average monthly basic earnings (NOK)
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 952 9411.545 1003.6
Agriculture, forestry and fishing38 2863.038 2304.1
Mining and quarrying62 0359.163 2802.1
Manufacture224 1741.545 7103.7
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management34 1872.951 5603.5
Construction249 9882.242 8603.2
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles376 895-0.740 3403.3
Transportation and storage144 871-0.143 9902.9
Accommodation and food service activities118 2283.132 0403.4
Information and communication100 6315.558 1103.5
Financial and insurance activities47 3291.861 9005.9
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities177 2371.856 4103.5
Administrative and support service activities168 2561.738 9703.4
Public adm., defence, soc. security186 1850.549 3003.9
Education253 2771.546 1303.4
Human health and social work activities649 6171.141 0203.2
Other service activities120 3882.442 3303.1
Unspecified1 35736.560 0309.8

Table 4 
Number of jobs, by immigrant category and country background

Number of jobs, by immigrant category and country background
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Absolute numbersPercentage change
 
First generation immigrants without Norwegian background
Nordic countries46 559-0.7
Western Europe else48 8403.2
EU countries in Eastern Europe139 0532.2
Eastern Europe else43 3125.4
North America and Oceania7 5346.1
Asia137 1567.2
Africa54 7929.9
South and Central America16 3096.3
Non-residents
Nordic countries22 919-1.3
Western Europe else8 2244.5
EU countries in Eastern Europe63 1438.8
Eastern Europe else1 4723.1
North America and Oceania527-6.1
Asia1 86116.2
Africa4752.8
South and Central America224-5.5

Table 5 
Job flows, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Job flows, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of jobs (employments)Job decreases, all enterprisesJob increases, all enterprises
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 952 9411.5274 9382.5318 424-1.5
Agriculture, forestry and fishing38 2863.06 107-0.77 21911.5
Mining and quarrying62 0359.12 581-28.77 76377.4
Manufacture224 1741.516 2723.319 5060.4
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management34 1872.92 349-13.33 301-5.7
Construction249 9882.231 3649.936 708-3.8
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles376 895-0.741 7294.239 072-6.0
Transportation and storage144 871-0.116 67117.516 4567.9
Accommodation and food service activities118 2283.116 233-5.219 7872.8
Information and communication100 6315.59 737-0.115 0029.5
Financial and insurance activities47 3291.83 52627.84 35138.6
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities177 2371.823 66913.526 793-5.6
Administrative and support service activities168 2561.724 20614.926 988-1.6
Public adm., defence, soc. security186 1850.510 460-17.411 444-18.2
Education253 2771.510 615-9.714 480-2.9
Human health and social work activities649 6171.142 105-10.549 021-11.8
Other service activities120 3882.416 78223.119 63812.1
Unspecified1 35736.5532-11.289551.2

Table 6 
Job flows, by sector

Job flows, by sector
Number of jobs (employments)Job decreases, all enterprisesJob increases, all enterprises
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Sum all sectors2 952 9411.5264 7601.6308 246-2.3
Private sector, public enterprises, and unspecified1 959 9511.8211 2815.0246 4221.3
Local government661 2990.941 065-12.546 928-14.5
Central government331 6910.812 414-0.614 896-14.4

About the statistics

The statistics show the number of people working in Norwegian establishments and their earnings. The purpose is to show changes in the number of jobs, number of employees, and earnings for each quarter compared to the same quarter the year before. The statistics include both residents and non-residents as well as all age groups.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The statistics of the number of employees and jobs (employments) are based on reported information from A-ordningen for the middle month of a given quarter. Statistics Norway follows the recommendations of the International Labour Organization (ILO) regarding preparation of labor statistics in the choice of key concepts and definitions.

Job-related characteristics

Employed persons are persons who performed paid work of at least one hour's duration in the reference week, as well as persons who have such work but who were temporarily absent due to illness, vacation, paid leave, etc. Employed persons include employees and self-employed persons.

Employees are persons who receive compensation for work in the form of earnings. Fore employees with more than one job (employment), one is established as the most important (i.e., the main job (employment)).

Job/employment: Job and employment are used synonymously and defines work compensated by earnings. A person may have several jobs/employments in different establishments.

Employer-related characteristics

The characteristics of place of work and industry division/sector are obtained from the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) and apply to the establishment where the person works.

Information about the sector is retrieved from the CRE. Sector is classified according to the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Personal characteristics

Characteristics such as place of residence, sex, and age are obtained from the National Registry.

Residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry and also include temporary residents who plan on staying in Norway for six months or more.

Non-residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry with a planned stay in Norway of less than six months. Non-residents include persons with a temporary social security number (D-number) or registered as emigrants, but who work in Norway.

Immigrants are defined as persons who are born abroad, have foreign-born parents and grandparents, and later immigrated to Norway. Data on immigration status and country background are retrieved from registries at Statistics Norway.

Earning terms

The term earning relates to payment for work in an employment relationship. The statistics do not include payment or benefit in kind, insurance, expense allowance, holiday pay etc. Gross earnings before tax is the basis of the earning terms.

Basic monthly earning is the fixed amount that is paid, whether it is defined as an hourly, monthly, fortnightly or weekly earnings. Basic monthly earning is the actual paid amount at the time of count and is often described as earnings on a scale or regular basic earning. Qualification/skills allowances and other regular personal allowances are included.

Monthly earnings include basic monthly earning, variable additional allowances and bonuses. This is measured in the middle month of the quarter. Overtime pay is not included in monthly earnings.

Full-time equivalents: In order to compare earnings between full-time and part-time employees, the earnings of part-time employees are converted to the equivalent for full-time work. This is done using the percentage of each part-time employee’s position as a conversion factor. Monthly earnings per full-time equivalent for part-time employees can then be merged with the monthly earnings of full-time employees so that the average monthly earnings for all employees can be calculated.

Job flows: Job increases and job decreases in establishments

Job increase and job decrease is based on whether the number of jobs (employments) in a given establishment has increased or decreased during the last year for a given quarter. The tables distinguishes between job flows as a result of new establishments, terminated establishments and increase/decrease in existing establishments. Existing establishments is an establishment with employees on both points of measure. New establishments were not established or had no employees at first point of measure. Terminated establishments had employees at the first point of measure but was terminated or had no employees at the last point of measure.

Within the different industries, job increase and job decrease can be a result of existing establishments changing industry between the points of measure. All jobs (employments) that are moved counts as job decrease in the industry they are leaving and job increase in the industry they are entering. The establishment can have the same amount of jobs (employments) on both points of measure, but we will still see a job increase in one industry and job decrease in another. In the statbank table there are numbers who specifically shows job increase and job decrease as a result of existing establishments changing industry. This will also be the case when distinguishing job increase and job decrease by sector. Since establishments can change industry without changing sector and vice versa, the number of job increases and job decreases in the tables by industry will differ from the numbers in the tables by sector.

Labour force flows: New hirings and terminated hirings

Labour force flows occur as a result of a replacement of employees in establishments. This is affected by new hirings, terminated hirings and employees changing jobs. The statbank tables distinguishes between labour force flows as a result of these measurements. Jobs (employments) are measured by establishments, which means that employees changing establishment within the same enterprise also contributes to labour force flows. The statistics are based on two points of measure (same quarter, past and present year), meaning that short term jobs (employments) between the points of measure are not included in the labour force flows.

Labour force flows and job flows (described above) are closely related. Job flows describes job increase and job decrease, and the establishments are the focus area. Labour force flows focus on the employee, and the statistics allows for distinguishing numbers by sex, age, education, immigration categories etc. In total, job increases and job decreases (job flows) adds up to the same change in number of jobs as new hirings and terminated hirings in the establishments (labour force flows).

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the revised Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is in accordance with the Standard Classification of Occupations (STYRK-08), which is based on ISCO-08 (COM).

The sector classification is in accordance with the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Breakdown by county and municipality is in accordance with the list of counties and municipalities as of the 1st in the middle month of a given quarter.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Number of employments and earnings
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

Municipality, county, and the country as a whole

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly

International reporting

None

Microdata

Source data are permanently stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the current statistics is to elucidate changes in the number of jobs (employments) and employees, as well as provide tables of the development at a detailed regional level (municipalities and counties) that we do not have in the Labour Force Survey (LFS) or the quarterly national accounts.

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. A-ordningen was established in 2015 and is a common reporting system for everyone disbursing earnings, pension, and other benefits. It is based on monthly reporting of relevant information in the form of a so-called a-melding, which is transmitted electronically to the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), the Norwegian Tax Administration, and Statistics Norway.

The statistics were first published in January 2018, with figures dating back to 1st quarter 2016.

 

Users and applications

Public administration and local administration in particular, employers' and employees' organisations, media, individual companies, and researchers

Equal treatment of users

No external user has access to the figures until 8 a.m. on the day of publication at https://www.ssb.no/en/. Notice about the publication are given in the statistics calendar at least three months in advance.

Coherence with other statistics

There are two different approaches that can be used when describing employment in Norway:

  1. the participation of the population in the labor market
  2. establishments use of labor in the production of goods and services

When looking at the population's participation in the labor market, the population is normally limited to persons aged 15-74 years and registered as residents in Norway. This approach is used in the annual registry-based employment statistics and in the Labor Force Survey (LFS).

When looking at the establishments ' use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of work in Norwegian establishments, regardless of age and whether the employee is registered as a resident of Norway or not. This approach is used by the national accounts and structural statistics. It is also this population that is used in the current statistics on the number of employees and jobs (employments) (see the Production section for more information).

The annual registry-based employment statistics describe employment and industry division/sector at a detailed regional level. The statistics are based on persons registered as residents of Norway according to the National Registry and working in Norwegian establishments. The criterion is that you are expected to stay for at least six months in the country. Employed persons include employees and self-employed persons. The statistics include employed persons per 4th quarter (reference week in November). For employed persons with more than one job (employment), one is identified as the most important. The main difference between the quarterly statistics on the number of jobs (employments) and the annual registry-based employment statistics is that the latter statistics also includes self-employed persons, but it does not include employees on short-term stays (i.e., planned stay of less than six months). In addition, the registry-based employment statistics are restricted to 15-74 years, while there are no age limits in the statistics on the number of jobs (employments) and employees.

When it comes to reporting the number of jobs (employments) in the national accounts and other economic statistics, this is also based on Norwegian establishments, regardless of whether the person is resident or not. This is the same approach as in the current statistics.

Legal authority

The Statistical Act $3-2 (Administrative Registers)

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

These statistics are based on the establishments’ use of labor in the production
of goods and services in Norway (see the Coherence with other statistics subsection
under the Background section for more information). When looking at the
establishments’ use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of
work in Norwegian
establishments, regardless of age and whether the employee is resident in Norway or
not. This also includes foreign employees on short-term stays (non-residents).

Employed persons include employees and self-employed persons. Only the former are reported to A-ordningen. Therefore, the current statistics only cover jobs (employments) among employees

Data sources and sampling

Data sources

The main source of the statistics is A-ordningen, which is a coordinated digital collection of job (employment), income, and tax deductions for the Norwegian Tax Administration, the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), and Statistics Norway. This means that Statistics Norway receives information about earnings and employees directly from the so-called a-meldingen, which is the electronic message containing all the information collected. More information may be found on https://www.skatteetaten.no/bedrift-og-organisasjon/arbeidsgiver/a-meldingen/.

In addition to A-ordningen, other registers are used, the most important being Vernepliktsverket and Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).

Sampling

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data Collection

The statistics is not based on data collection, but  a number of different registries:

  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from A-ordningen.
  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from Vernepliktsverket.
  • Variables such as place of work and industry division/sector are obtained from Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).
  • Personal characteristics are obtained from the National Registry.

Calculations

The statistics is solely based on register data, meaning that the calculations consist of summing up the numbers of employees and jobs (employments) in specific Groups.

Reported level of earnings is average values. This is based on jobs (employments) with earnings equal to the ones defined under 'Earning terms' at the point of measure. Not all jobs (employments) has an earning each month, meaning that they can be included in enumeration, not affecting the calculation of average earnings.

 

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway’s common rules of confidentiality are followed.

Comparability over time and space

Comparable figures are available from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

These statistics are not comparable to the annual register-based employment statistics or the Labour Force Survey (LFS), as they are based on another population. Nor will the statistics be completely comparable to the employment figures in the national accounts, although the population is essentially similar. The difference is due to the fact that the national accounts publish figures for employed persons, which also include self-employed persons. In addition, the number of employed persons in the national accounts is given as an average for all months in the quarter. For more information, see the Background section.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. The quality of A-ordningen is generally good. Nevertheless, some errors might occur.

Measurement and processing errors

Some errors might occur due to incorrect reporting of the information (measurement error). Furthermore, errors might occur as the result of data processing conducted at Statistics Norway (processing error).

There are indications of gradual improvement in the reporting to A-ordningen from 2015 to 2016, even though the reporting during the first year of A-ordningen (2015) is considered as being good. Therefore, figures are published from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

More uncertainty is expected in the number of employees and jobs (employments) at a detailed regional level than at a more aggregated level (e.g., the country as a whole).

Not relevant

Sample error

Not relevant

Revision

Not relevant