Establishments, enterprises and accounts;Svalbard
sts, Industry statistics for Svalbard, turnover, government subsidies, investments, employees, wage costs, mining, establishmentsEstablishments, enterprises and accounts, Establishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts, Svalbard

Industry statistics for Svalbard


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Key figures

4.2 %

man-years growth in Svalbard in 2017

Svalbard. Industry statistics, by main industry (SIC2007)
Man-yearsTurnover (NOK 1 000)
2017Percentage change from last year2017Percentage change from last year
Svalbard total1 603.74.23 179 257-5.2
Mining and quarrying100.9-34.0102 836-81.6
Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities51.6-2.1166 8288.7
Construction157.3-8.8476 045-9.9
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles120.73.9405 2397.4
Transportation and storage87.014.8271 07916.8
Accommodation and food service activities315.236.3449 89727.1
Information and communication54.6-6.7518 34022.6
Real estate activities9.3-18.4111 177-6.8
Professional, scientific and technical activities63.218.634 5528.4
Administrative and support service activities156.017.6291 01027.3
Public administration and defence105.95.6157 29613.0
Education186.8-2.960 048-4.0
Human health and social work activities58.5-1.011 596-10.3
Arts, entertainment and recreation124.66.2118 079-6.6
Other service activities12.1-10.45 2351.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Local KAUs on Svalbard. Main figures by code system and structure.

Local KAUs on Svalbard. Main figures by code system and structure.
EstablishmentsMan-yearsTurnover (NOK 1 000)Public Subsidies (NOK 1 000)Wage costs (NOK 1 000)Investments (NOK 1 000)
Svalbard total3373311 539.61 603.73 352 7873 179 257700 610743 640972 587985 960438 909419 635
B Mining and quarrying45152.8100.9558 639102 836--129 92092 3061 5002 267
C+D+E Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities151352.751.6153 413166 82830 00019 26946 99750 00843 0838 460
F Construction1819172.4157.3528 278476 0454 3946 836118 149106 36938 64140 260
G Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2529116.2120.7377 452405 23954061159 50664 43010 42415 784
H Transportation and storage242275.887.0232 070271 079-60063 29370 20810 39227 335
I Accommodation and food service activities2020231.3315.2353 989449 89723 71251 519109 732138 35134 22360 156
J+K Information and communication. Financial and insurance activities171558.554.6422 895518 3401 8551 88041 05740 750117 35484 670
L Real estate activities403411.49.3119 344111 1771642946 1855 54132 38212 513
M Professional, scientific and technical activities434853.363.231 88234 552106 692105 39038 57042 09541 76535 335
N Administrative and support service activities6365132.6156.0228 554291 01035 04431 06957 31867 46951 34563 615
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security89100.3105.9139 158157 296293 119311 77493 84993 64747 46153 054
P Education79192.3186.862 56360 048160 935166 667108 079109 8142 9051 713
Q Human health and social work activities11959.158.512 93111 59618 44918 43845 46945 135023
R Arts, entertainment and recreation3226117.3124.6126 445118 07925 62623 97949 48554 0737 22814 274
S Other service activities10813.512.15 1745 235805 3144 9785 764206176

Table 2 
Local KAUs in public sector on Svalbard. Main figures

Local KAUs in public sector on Svalbard. Main figures
EstablishmentsMan-yearTurnover (NOK 1 000)Public Subsidies (NOK 1 000)Wage costs (NOK 1 000)Investments (NOK 1 000)
Svalbard total4949684.9627.11 511 5541 112 642691 563732 823490 083455 773355 144298 763
Mining and quarrying44152.8100.9558 639100 436--129 92092 3061 5002 267
Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities2230.128.1::::::::
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles332.01.8::::::::
Transportation and storage5524.815.265 76948 213--24 17712 4538 7017 519
Accommodation and food service activities1128.035.7::::::::
Information and communication2237.033.6::::::::
Real estate activities334.63.1::::::::
Professional, scientific and technical activities8731.938.06 6343 843106 442104 83826 55230 02941 40434 507
Administrative and support service activities4413.213.1::::::::
Public administration and defence7883.585.67 97112 652293 119311 77456 90861 21545 64450 291
Human health and social work activities6657.457.712 15711 17717 88917 78345 11344 69300
Arts, entertainment and recreation4421.220.313 77912 74424 48623 63110 99012 4111 4304 477
Other service activities113.33.3-290-5 2341 7112 257-120

Table 3 
Coal mining. Svalbard (SY 379)

Coal mining. Svalbard (SY 379)
 Coal shipped, total, tonnesCoal shipped - Russian mines, tonnes1Norwegian mines
 Production of coalCoal shippedPersons employed2Com­pensa­tion of employees, NOK 1 000
 Quantity, tonnesValue, NOK 1 000Total, tonnesTo Norway, tonnes
1It has not been any coal shipping from Russian mines in Barentsburg in 2009 and 2010 due to fire spring 2008.
2Including construction workers.
1991770 183482 798329 84990 112287 38559 19735890 849
1992665 171438 000358 87877 104227 17139 640339107 593
1993691 948414 000266 73471 553277 94860 900299106 464
1994776 932485 600301 19079 566291 332136 600296114 368
1995674 060412 488292 09473 275261 572100 740287106 334
1996610 670378 171229 63658 863232 49993 24126993 559
1997618 077362 834386 44076 954255 24388 66024699 503
1998601 998245 835328 170113 799356 16379 59820190 437
1999755 477355 538403 94072 208399 939122 43622691 156
20001 050 928361 002631 926169 828689 92691 87022398 506
20011 717 184151 6821 787 784530 4421 565 50284 413248141 812
20022 243 448110 0002 131 691683 2632 133 44898 905225130 839
20033 186 765377 5332 943 548935 7722 809 232116 399233158 668
20042 991 166132 0772 904 3011 303 5022 859 089125 612265230 530
20051 863 33795 0771 470 818871 1561 768 260101 211314221 557
20062 419 74588 1402 394 9401 096 6722 331 60562 451315256 309
20073 690 075106 9234 073 3451 871 5273 583 152178 106396338 777
20083 468 90139 7563 430 2433 353 4873 429 14553 084387495 293
20092 436 821-2 640 5212 012 8092 436 82148 701368440 002
20101 684 513-1 934 0001 477 0701 684 51366 423337369 038
20111 749 617110 0001 386 0001 415 7361 639 61739 998370277 391
20121 370 35566 4781 229 000877 2481 303 87717 733396391 931
20132 221 073111 9131 855 0001 266 6792 109 16041 638336376 818
20141 747 145112 0381 675 000959 1271 635 10723 501356333 300
20151 272 49467 9211 098 000554 2821 204 57377 200207290 154
20161 049 361117 528818 328484 856931 8330106171 346
2017183 99066 794133 60294 981117 1962 66310590 911

About the statistics

The statistics provide insight into the development and structure of the various industries in Svalbard. The figures include man-years, employment, turnover, costs and investment, based on reported data from all businesses located in Svalbard.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007) defines an establishment as a locally defined functional unit whose main activities fall within a specific industrial classification. The activity carried out by a legal entity (enterprise) is known as an establishment. A legal entity can engage in one or more establishments/businesses.

Number of man-hours worked
This is defined as the total number of hours worked by employees in a workplace, both within and outside normal working hours. Short breaks are included, but time spent in transit between home and the workplace is not included.

Employment Employment is defined as the total number of owners and employees. In relation to the register-based employment statistics , where a person is only counted in his/her main job, the same person here can have more than one job.

Hired personnel from temporary staff recruitment agencies are not included in the employment figure.

Turnover is defined as an enterprise's operating revenues minus government subsidies and gains on the sale of fixed assets. Special public duties related to the sale, and taxes and duties are included in the turnover, but VAT is not included.

Salary costs
Wages, holiday pay, fees, employer’s national insurance contributions, pension costs subject to reporting and other personnel costs for work carried out on Svalbard. Salary costs do not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships.

Public subsidies
Applies to allocations received for operations and investment from the government, the local government on Longyearbyen, Svalbard Samfunnsdrift and other public bodies (e.g. Innovation Norway).

Total purchase of goods and services
The total purchase of goods and services is defined as the value of all goods and services purchased during the year of resale for use in the enterprise’s own production process or for storage. Investments are not included in these figures.

Investments in assets with a lifetime of more than a year, including investments in new and used capital goods, and extensions, alterations, improvements and repairs that prolong the lifetime of the capital goods or increase their production capacity. Costs for design, transportation, installation and any special duties are also included.

Deductible VAT, financial expenses, tax benefits achieved (e.g. investments in more environmentally-friendly equipment) and fixed assets acquired through restructuring (e.g. mergers, takeovers, demergers, divisions) are not included.

Purchased goods are valued at cost price and self-produced goods are valued at production cost.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007) , which is based on the EU’s industry standard NACE Rev. 2 and the UN’s industry standard ISIC Rev. 3.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Industry statistics for Svalbard
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level

Frequency and timeliness


Preliminary key figures are published eight months after the end of the statistics year. Final figures are released together with final figures for the other structure statistics within 18 months of the year to which the figures apply.

International reporting

Not relevant


Micro data, information on sample units and population are stored temporarily in the program language SAS, and stored long term as text files.


Background and purpose

The industry statistics for Svalbard are a full census at establishment level. The statistics are published on an ongoing basis and provide detailed information on the activity on Svalbard based on data collected from all active establishments.

The statistics are intended to show the structure within all the main sectors of industry in the Standard Industrial Classification based on data collected from the relevant financial year. The statistics were first published in the statistics year 2008.

Users and applications

The data is useful for both central and local authorities, ministries and various trade associations that require statistics on Svalbard. The figures that are collected are made unidentifiable and the micro data is accessible to researchers in accordance with Statistics Norway’s standard terms. Coordinated data collection entails Statistics Norway being responsible for collecting data from the establishments on Svalbard and the data required for Svalbard: Society and industrial affairs 2008 being covered in the data basis. The timeliness in relation to Longyearbyen's local government’s previous data releases is maintained and released at an earlier date than other national industry statistics.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

Employment figures are collected at establishment level. Data on employment in industries can also be found in the national accounts and in the employment statistics based on data from the Labour Market Survey and the register-based employment statistics.

While the industry statistics can provide employment figures on a detailed industry and are consistent with other establishment-related variables, the national accounts provide quarterly figures with a short production time. The Labour Market Survey and the register-based employment statistics also provide figures on personal identifiers such as age, sex, education and working hours. The register-based employment statistics also give figures down to municipality level.


Legal authority

§2-2, §2-3 and §3-2 of the Statistics Act

EEA reference

Not relevant



The Industry survey for Svalbard is broken down in line with the Standard Industrial Classification SIC2007 and covers the following industries:

  05-09 - Mining and quarrying
  10-33 - Manufacturing
  35 - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
  36-39 - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
  41-43 - Construction
  45-47 - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
  49-53 - Transportation and storage
  55-56 - Accommodation and food service activities
  58-63 - Information and communication
  64-66 - Financial and insurance activities
  68 - Real estate activities
  69-75 - Professional, scientific and technical activities
  77-82 - Administrative and support service activities
  84 - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
  85 - Education
  86-88 - Human health and social work activities
  90-93 - Arts, entertainment and recreation
  94-96 - Other service activities

All of the establishments within these industries are included in the statistics if they are registered as an active business on Svalbard in the statistics year.

Primary industries farm, forestry and fishing (01 - 03: SN2007) are not covered in the industry statistics for Svalbard. When it comes to fishing in the waters off Svalbard this is included in the national statistics for fisheries ( http://www.ssb.no/fiskeri/ ). For details about the capture volume and value in the waters off Svalbard, please visit the ministry's statistics bank: http://www.fiskeridir.no/fiskeridirektoratets-statistikkbank . More details of these variables for fisheries protection zone around Svalbard and other nearby hunting zones can be found here.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics for enterprises made up of only one establishment are based on the said enterprise’s tax statement or annual accounts. The tax statement is submitted together with the questionnaire (paper form) or reported electronically via the Tax Inspectorate.

The data is quality assured using the following sources:

  • Electronically delivered tax statements to the Tax Directorate
  • Register of Company Accounts at Brønnøysund
  • VAT register
  • Register of employees and employers

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used when collecting data. The register is updated regularly with data relating to Svalbard in collaboration with the local government on Longyearbyen, the VAT register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, various trade organisations and directly from the individual establishment/enterprise.

The population consists of all active establishments within the aforementioned industry sectors in the statistics year. The detailed accounting data is collated with the information from the administrative registers. Together these form the basis for calculations, economic analyses and the structure in the industry.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The forms are sent out during the second half of March, and have a 4-week response deadline.

Establishments that do not answer by the deadline are sent a written reminder up to three months after expiry of the deadline. Establishments that do not respond after receiving the reminder are issued with a compulsory fine.

Controls and alignments are carried out on data received from establishments, tax statements and annual accounts. Critical controls are carried out on industry classifications, employee figures and turnover. Revisions of the data are carried out after controls against figures from the previous year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, Register of Company Accounts at Brønnøysund, other available sources and according to consultations with the respondent where necessary.

Data received is controlled against electronically delivered tax statements, annual accounts and through contact with the respondent. Since the statistics are a full census, there is no need for estimations.

The employment figures are controlled against the Register of employees and employers, and undergo a manual or automated revision prior to publishing, based on the control source.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Due to the situation of domineering establishments on Svalbard, exemption from confidentiality is required for Store Norske Spitsbergen Kullkompani AS. Otherwise, the rule is applied which stipulates that figures are not published where there are fewer than three units in a cell in a table. The reason for this is a risk of identification whereby the figures can be traced back to the respondent. This particularly applies when publishing figures at a low geographical level. This is solved by suppressing these figures in the table.

Comparability over time and space

When comparing with previously published figures, users should be aware that older data may have been corrected in connection with the revision of the last year’s statistics. In addition, updating of industry codes in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises could lead to changes for some of the industries. Such changes will not be reflected in the figures for previous years.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Forms received are read optically and checked in an automated process. An optical image of the form is stored electronically, and subsequently controlled manually in order to ensure the greatest possible degree of correct data. The results from a statistical survey may, however, contain measurement and processing errors.

Measurement errors arise when the respondent gives the wrong answer due to an oversight, misunderstanding or similar. A typical example is figures that are given in whole kroner instead of NOK 1 000. Using recognised terms and providing easily-accessible guidelines reduces this type of error.

Processing errors are errors in the coding or errors that arise when transferring data from the form to the machine-readable medium or during revisions.

Form-based surveys normally contain a certain number of non-responses. Non-responses by units are due to circumstances such as closure, bankruptcy, mergers, demergers, holidays, errors in the dispatch, refusals and similar. Partial non-responses (where answers are missing to individual questions) can be due to oversights, lack of data or other circumstances.

Non-responses by key units are followed up in the manual post control. Establishments that do not return their form are issued with a compulsory fine. Notification of a possible fine is often sufficient to provoke a response. Applying fines reduces the non-response rate to a large extent, but not necessarily the uncertainty if the respondent chooses, for example, to estimate numbers just to avoid a fine.

The variables that are included are based on a full census. Sampling errors are therefore not relevant.

Several administrative registers are central to the work entailed in the structure statistics. The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used both to define the population and to retrieve identifiers and data. The Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities at Brønnøysund, the VAT register and the Register of employees and employers are used to retrieve data on the units. These data form the basis for two types of register errors, which can have an impact on the uncertainty in the statistics.

The most common error is as a result of time lags in the registers. Such time lags can be caused by late reporting to the registers or because changes are normally registered some time after they have occurred. The consequences are that the registers are not fully up-to-date at any given time, which can lead to imbalances in the sampling or outdated data being used in the statistics.

Identifiers such as industry code, status etc. in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises are used as a basis when submitting statistics. The quality of these identifiers is vital to the division of the population into practical strata, and thus affects the quality of the population.


Not relevant