338107
/en/utdanning/statistikker/eksuvh/aar
338107
statistikk
2018-05-03T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
eksuvh, Credits and graduations from higher education, higher education, graduates, specialist field (for example social studies, law, the humanities), Bachelor's degree, Master's degree, undergraduate studies, postgraduate studies, research education, doctorates, students, credit points production, educational institutions, type of institution, ownershipEducation, Tertiary education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
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Credits and graduations from higher education

Updated

Next update

Key figures

6 out of 10

graduations from higher education are completed by women

Graduations and credits awarded in higher education in Norway. Type of institution, sex and immigration category1
Share
2012-20132015-20162016-2017
1As some university colleges were merged in 2016, there was a decrease in the number of students in university colleges, as well as a corresponding increase in the number of students in universities and in specialized universities.
2Ordinary students are those registered per 1 October yyyy and are not in continuing education.
 
Graduations
Total100.0100.0100.0
Universities43.052.051.4
Specialised university institutions9.711.113.2
State university colleges38.528.827.2
Military university colleges0.60.40.4
Other university colleges8.27.67.8
 
Males39.038.840.2
Females61.061.259.8
 
Immigrants10.511.111.2
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents1.62.22.5
Other population88.086.786.3
 
Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students2
Total100.0100.0100.0
Students with 0 credits7.27.77.6
Students with 1-29 credits8.78.37.9
Students with 30-59 credits30.428.428.5
Students with 60 credits or more53.755.656.0

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Type of institution, sex and level of degree

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Type of institution, sex and level of degree1
2006-20072015-20162016-2017
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemales
1As some university colleges were merged in 2016, there was a decrease in the number of students in university colleges, as well as a corresponding increase in the number of students in universities and in specialized universities.
2Includes Oslo National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian Police University College and private university colleges
3Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer
4Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included
5Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and type of institution
Total37 52414 49623 02846 68118 12528 55651 00020 51330 487
Universities15 2476 4588 78924 2809 81114 46926 20011 07315 127
Specialised university institutions1 5988797195 1712 3602 8116 7553 1243 631
State university colleges16 2345 32110 91313 4544 3999 05513 8644 6279 237
Military university colleges14514142101832719816929
Other university colleges24 3001 6972 6033 5661 3722 1943 9831 5202 463
Tertiary education, short and medium325 3088 87716 43131 62811 74719 88134 17613 08921 087
Universities5 5372 0163 52113 1155 0518 06413 7045 4508 254
Specialised university institutions8655153503 0761 2781 7984 3541 9432 411
State university colleges15 1694 85910 31011 9133 9637 95012 2044 1318 073
Military university colleges12312121971722517715126
Other university colleges23 6141 3662 2483 3271 2832 0443 7371 4142 323
Tertiary education, long411 2365 0536 18313 6855 6967 98915 3356 6748 661
Universities8 7983 9144 8849 8804 1145 76611 1114 9266 185
Specialised university institutions6853353502 0341 0539812 3321 1411 191
State university colleges1 0564595971 5194291 0901 6254831 142
Military university colleges222021311221183
Other university colleges267532535023989150246106140
Second stage of tertiary education59805664141 3686826861 489750739
Universities9125283841 2856466391 385697688
Specialised university institutions482919612932694029
State university colleges93622715351322
Military university colleges000------
Other university colleges21165------

Table 2 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Percentage woman, level and field of education

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Percentage woman, level and field of education
2006-20072015-20162016-2017
TotalPercentage womanTotalPercentage womanTotalPercentage woman
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included.
3Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and field of education
Total35 48761.846 68161.251 00059.8
 
Tertiary education, short and medium124 08265.131 62862.934 17661.7
Humanities and arts2 01463.12 37859.42 40659.6
Education5 62673.46 78472.96 99771.2
Social sciences and law1 76161.82 85563.73 15464.8
Business and administration3 96851.74 93857.06 42455.6
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects2 71226.24 71028.65 15328.4
Health, welfare and sport7 35284.58 30283.38 46182.8
Primary industries14742.214837.817435.1
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services44725.51 37835.61 31835.4
Unspecified field of study5565.513562.28958.4
 
Tertiary education, long210 42556.113 68558.415 33556.5
Humanities and arts1 73761.91 36161.11 39663.3
Education70083.61 35076.81 41175.9
Social sciences and law2 64260.92 60864.72 72065.3
Business and administration1 16347.72 84450.23 09552.3
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects2 44535.92 80738.34 03735.2
Health, welfare and sport1 49570.62 35775.92 29175.3
Primary industries14544.113348.113855.8
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services9825.522534.724735.2
Unspecified field of study-.-.-.
 
Doctoral studies398042.21 36850.11 48949.6
Humanities and arts11253.612458.113452.2
Education2070.04564.44362.8
Social sciences and law10047.017462.617659.1
Business and administration2650.03754.14942.9
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects44528.354335.557536.7
Health, welfare and sport24655.342860.550160.3
Primary industries2763.0-.-.
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services-.1625.01136.4
Unspecified field of study425.010.0-.

Table 3 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and field of education. Numbers and per cent

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and field of education. Numbers and per cent
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
MalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
2016-2017
Total20 51330 4872 4933 21956573217 45526 536
Humanities and arts1 5482 38820839627301 3131 962
Education2 3736 07818041329942 1645 571
Social sciences and law2 1253 925223393631101 8393 422
Business and administration4 3535 2153705431781713 8054 501
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects6 6673 0981 108574182785 3772 446
Health, welfare and sport2 2189 035306820712431 8417 972
Primary industries1741383022--144116
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services1 0185586350156940502
Unspecified field of study375258--3244
Per cent
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Humanities and arts7.57.88.312.34.84.17.57.4
Education11.619.97.212.85.112.812.421.0
Social sciences and law10.412.98.912.211.215.010.512.9
Business and administration21.217.114.816.931.523.421.817.0
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects32.510.244.417.832.210.730.89.2
Health, welfare and sport10.829.612.325.512.633.210.530.0
Primary industries0.80.51.20.7--0.80.4
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services5.01.82.51.62.70.85.41.9
Unspecified field of study0.20.20.20.2--0.20.2

Table 4 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and age

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and age
2006-20072015-20162016-2017
GraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage women
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included.
3Doctoral degrees
Level and age
Total35 48761.846 68161.251 00059.8
Tertiary education, short and medium124 08265.131 62862.934 17661.7
19-24 years11 01967.117 38665.319 19063.9
25-29 years6 34258.97 81256.98 31655.4
30-34 years2 35163.02 53658.82 74860.1
35-39 years1 76668.61 57465.41 48563.6
40-44 years1 36073.51 11067.81 14268.0
45-49 years79771.472869.876466.8
50-54 years33066.734567.237467.4
55-59 years10257.810747.712254.9
60 years or older1553.33053.33551.4
Tertiary education, long210 42556.113 68558.415 33556.5
19-24 years1 41852.72 85958.03 20459.1
25-29 years4 93753.96 54855.87 53851.9
30-34 years1 71354.61 71855.21 75455.3
35-39 years84358.188561.088659.3
40-44 years51464.666070.373968.7
45-49 years45870.352268.859368.3
50-54 years33769.430375.239574.4
55-59 years15162.314077.916873.2
60 years or older5455.65058.05851.7
Second stage of tertiary education398042.21 36850.11 48949.6
25-29 years13032.319137.224243.8
30-34 years36438.749047.648344.3
35-39 years19045.326752.831051.3
40-44 years11044.516555.219656.1
45-49 years7554.710457.712660.3
50-54 years6753.77959.54551.1
55-59 years2846.44465.95070.0
60 years or older1637.52850.03743.2

Table 5 
Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and parents` level of education

Graduations in higher education in Norway. Sex, level and parents` level of education
2006-20072015-20162016-2017
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemales
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included
3Doctoral degrees.
Level and parents´level of education
Total37 52414 49623 02846 68118 12528 55651 00020 51330 487
 
Tertiary education, 4 years or less125 3088 87716 43131 62811 74719 88134 17613 08921 087
Mother or father has long tertiary education3 1491 3231 8264 0351 8552 1804 6452 1592 486
Mother or father has short tertiary education7 8242 9764 84811 4664 6406 82612 5675 1987 369
Mother or father has upper secondary education11 0113 5667 44512 4774 0398 43813 0604 4148 646
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education2 0215901 4311 9276041 3232 0226541 368
Not stated1 3034228811 7236091 1141 8826641 218
 
Tertiary education, more than 4 years211 2365 0536 18313 6855 6967 98915 3356 6748 661
Mother or father has long tertiary education2 5771 2191 3582 6551 1921 4633 1721 5211 651
Mother or father has short tertiary education3 5581 6261 9324 6881 9222 7665 4412 3533 088
Mother or father has upper secondary education3 2881 3891 8993 5981 3342 2643 8811 4972 384
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education490211279497168329573211362
Not stated1 3236087152 2471 0801 1672 2681 0921 176
 
Doctoral studies39805664141 3686826861 489750739
Mother or father has long tertiary education249136113288141147323150173
Mother or father has short tertiary education21812692314134180324142182
Mother or father has upper secondary education2191239622086134240113127
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education382315211011271314
Not stated25615898525311214575332243

Table 6 
Graduations in selected programmes in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and length of study

Graduations in selected programmes in higher education in Norway. Sex, immigration category and length of study
2016-2017
NumbersPer cent
Number of graduatesImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
Both sexes
3 year bachelor degrees29 4458.23.088.8
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training1 9326.91.491.6
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme5048.31.090.7
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme3 1118.72.888.5
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme4 0269.11.689.3
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects6 1898.24.487.3
 
4 years degrees1 9482.81.395.9
Of these
General teacher training programme1 8501.91.396.8
 
5 year Master degrees14 00616.62.281.1
Of these
Master degree, law1 0714.43.592.1
Master degree, pharmacy12438.721.040.3
Master degree, odontology12416.910.572.6
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration1 1017.23.589.3
Master degree, teacher training3515.71.492.9
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education1392.20.097.8
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree1 98711.52.386.2
 
6 years degrees9076.54.289.3
Cand.med. degree5506.55.887.6
Cand.theol. degree43--100.0
Cand.psychol. degree2516.82.490.8
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)639.5-90.5
 
Second stage of tertiary education1 48937.31.261.5
 
Males
3 year bachelor degrees11 3287.93.588.6
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training2787.22.290.6
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme2476.50.892.7
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme2 3958.23.088.8
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme43914.81.184.1
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects2 6917.55.187.3
 
4 years degrees4943.61.095.3
Of these
General teacher training programme4391.81.197.0
 
5 year Master degrees6 18518.22.379.6
Of these
Master degree, law3434.44.791.0
Master degree, pharmacy2748.13.748.1
Master degree, odontology3225.03.171.9
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration5804.74.091.4
Master degree, teacher training1195.91.792.4
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education382.60.097.4
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree1 42611.22.286.5
 
6 years degrees2906.23.890.0
Cand.med. degree2007.55.087.5
Cand.theol. degree22--100.0
Cand.psychol. degree595.11.793.2
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)9--100.0
 
Second stage of tertiary education75042.70.856.5
 
Females
3 year bachelor degrees18 1178.52.788.8
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training1 6546.91.391.8
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme25710.11.288.7
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme71610.22.287.6
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme3 5878.41.690.0
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects3 4988.83.987.4
 
4 years degrees1 4542.51.496.1
Of these
General teacher training programme1 4112.01.396.7
 
5 year Master degrees7 82115.42.282.4
Of these
Master degree, law7284.43.092.6
Master degree, pharmacy9736.125.838.1
Master degree, odontology9214.113.072.8
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration52110.03.186.9
Master degree, teacher training2325.61.393.1
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education1012.00.098.0
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree56112.12.585.4
 
6 years degrees6176.64.489.0
Cand.med. degree3506.06.387.7
Cand.theol. degree21--100.0
Cand.psychol. degree1927.32.690.1
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)5411.1-88.9
 
Second stage of tertiary education73931.81.666.6

Table 7 
Credits awarded in higher education in Norway. Type of institution and educational institutions. Numbers and per cent

Credits awarded in higher education in Norway. Type of institution and educational institutions. Numbers and per cent1
2016-2017
Average credits awardedNumber of registered students2Per cent
Per registered studentPer student with awarded creditsTotalWith awarded creditsWithout awarded creditsWith awarded creditsWithout awarded credits
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
2Registered students are those registered per 1 October yyyy or registered as producing credits during the yyyy/yyy+1 study year.
Educational institutions, total37.544.1295 124251 48143 64385.214.8
 
Nord university34.640.712 39110 5471 84485.114.9
Norwegian University of Life Sciences42.847.95 7625 15660689.510.5
Norwegian University of Science and Technology40.646.241 46636 4615 00587.912.1
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway40.347.516 35413 8812 47384.915.1
University of Agder39.344.813 14311 5201 62387.712.3
University of Bergen40.147.116 84714 3512 49685.214.8
University of Oslo35.143.729 64723 7885 85980.219.8
University of Stavanger39.445.411 3499 8361 51386.713.3
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design44.247.96726205292.37.7
MF Norwegian School of Theology34.241.81 2931 05823581.818.2
BI Norwegian Business School33.136.922 38120 0842 29789.710.3
Molde University College-Specialised Universty in Logistics36.040.72 5382 24629288.511.5
Norwegian School of Economics40.843.33 9113 68322894.25.8
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences38.442.41 3401 21112990.49.6
Norwegian Academy of Music42.148.482872110787.112.9
VID Specialised University38.341.03 9043 64725793.46.6
University College of Southeast Norway35.941.619 33316 6642 66986.213.8
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences40.745.416 99415 2361 75889.710.3
Hedmark University College33.338.69 3948 1121 28286.413.6
Lillehammer University College41.246.14 9894 45253789.210.8
Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences39.845.021 67619 1882 48888.511.5
Østfold University College38.044.46 3105 39092085.414.6
Volda University College37.142.64 0013 48351887.112.9
Sámi University College28.336.71921484477.122.9
Bjørknes University College22.532.31 27188838369.930.1
Queen Maud University College41.146.31 3871 22915888.611.4
Kristiania University College37.448.26 3124 9041 40877.722.3
Oslo National Academy of the Arts53.055.35184972195.94.1
NLA University College40.244.92 5182 25426489.510.5
Norwegian Police University College41.142.73 5313 40412796.43.6
Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology49.953.01 9441 83011494.15.9
Military University Colleges7.643.96 4361 1205 31617.482.6
Other University Colleges38.544.64 4923 87262086.213.8

Table 8 
Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students in higher education in Norway. Educational institution. Numbers and per cent

Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students in higher education in Norway. Educational institution. Numbers and per cent1
2016-2017
Average credits awardedNumber of ordinary students2Per cent
Per ordinary studentPer student with awarded creditsTotalWith awarded creditsWithout awarded creditsWith awarded creditsWithout awarded credits
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
2Ordinary students those registered per 1 October with start the academic year yyyy and are not on continuing education. Students on distance education and part-time students are not in the figures either.
Educational institutions, total48.152.0189 735175 36714 36892.47.6
 
Nord university46.150.47 1896 58260791.68.4
Norwegian University of Life Sciences53.355.34 1754 02315296.43.6
Norwegian University of Science and Technology50.153.429 13727 3411 79693.86.2
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway47.253.211 65910 3541 30588.811.2
University of Agder49.252.89 2268 58564193.16.9
University of Bergen47.552.112 93411 7941 14091.28.8
University of Oslo43.750.219 99017 3942 59687.013.0
University of Stavanger47.452.37 8117 07473790.69.4
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design50.952.55024861696.83.2
MF Norwegian School of Theology41.551.465352712680.719.3
BI Norwegian Business School41.843.915 80015 03077095.14.9
Molde University College-Specialised Universty in Logistics48.552.51 5481 43111792.47.6
Norwegian School of Economics49.451.12 8432 7509396.73.3
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences54.556.77166882896.13.9
Norwegian Academy of Music55.359.44534223193.26.8
VID Specialised University52.353.52 0492 0024797.72.3
University College of Southeast Norway35.941.619 33316 6642 66986.213.8
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences40.745.416 99415 2361 75889.710.3
Hedmark University College50.253.44 2303 98124994.15.9
Lillehammer University College51.353.93 3253 15916695.05.0
Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences49.553.113 44212 52292093.26.8
Østfold University College48.552.43 9993 70229792.67.4
Volda University College50.855.01 4931 37911492.47.6
Sámi University College47.652.75247590.49.6
Bjørknes University College29.037.059246412878.421.6
Queen Maud University College51.855.28127625093.86.2
Kristiania University College51.554.34 1623 94621694.85.2
Oslo National Academy of the Arts56.457.6442433998.02.0
NLA University College51.354.61 6011 5049793.96.1
Norwegian Police University College60.861.02 0632 057699.70.3
Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology54.055.81 7381 6815796.73.3
Other University Colleges47.056.12 3121 93637683.716.3

About the statistics

The statistics on graduations and credits from higher education include all completed degrees with a minimum duration of 2 years, and credits attained during the period 1 October-30 September. Credits from abroad are not included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Completed education: An education activity is recognised as completed when the institution the students are attending, awards them a diploma or provides some other evidence that they have met the full requirements for completion.

Completed credit points: When students pass their examinations for a given subject, they are awarded a certain amount of credit points towards their degree. One year full-time study in higher education is equivalent to 60 credit points. A four year undergraduate degree requires 240 credit points for completion.

Educational activity: According to the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000). Courses are grouped by level and field of study.

Field of study: Courses are divided into 8 different broad fields of education.

Type of institution: According to the Standard Industrial Classification of 2007.

Ownership: Classifies educational institutions as public, county/municipal or private.

School County/Municipality: Where the institution is located.

Age: Per 31 December of the school year.

Standard classifications

Educational activities are grouped by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education which was established in 1970 by Statistics Norway and later revised in 1973, 1989 and 2000. Educational institutions are classified as being higher education by the Standard Industrial Classification.

For international puprposes, the ISCED 2011 is used (International Standard Classification of Education).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Credits and graduations from higher education
Topic: Education

Next release

Responsible division

Division for education and culture statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level and by educational institution. Data includes information that makes it possible to provide figures at other regional Levels.

Frequency and timeliness

Figures are published annually in May. From 2015 data on credit points was merged with data on graduations from universities and colleges. Prior to 2015 data on credit points was published separately.

International reporting

The data is provided for UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat (U-O-E).

Microdata

Statistics Norway stores all data in a proper, standardised manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

It is possible to order special tables In addition to the tables that are published by contacting Statistics Norway, oppdragutdanning@ssb.no. The price will depend on the size of the order.

Background

Background and purpose

There is a high demand for the collection of official statistics on education. Official education statistics are individually based and document the educational activities of all Norwegian residents from completion of lower secondary school to completion of all higher education including doctoral/PhD studies.

Education statistics went through a structural readjustment in the beginning of the 1970's. All statistics on higher education were previously available through a census. Since then, data is individually based, with all educational activities being attached to each individual's personal ID-number. The data is contained in the National Education Database (NUDB) in a format that allows the production of different kinds of education statistics and connection with other types of individually based statistics where necessary (e.g. income, social-welfare).

The purpose of these statistics is to present individually based statistics of attained credit points and of graduates in higher education in Norway.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, public administration, researchers, special interest organisations, international organisations (Eurostat, OECD and UNESCO), media, business and industry.

In addition, data is used internally in Statistics Norway in publications and in assignments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8.00 AM. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Data from higher education is combined with data from secondary school after the revision processes are complete. All data on education from higher education and secondary education is included in the National Education Database (NUDB). Statistics Norway uses a similar system for all individually based statistics, making it easy to combine education statistics with other areas. Labour market statistics, health statistics, living conditions statistics and income and wage statistics are examples of other individually based statistics compiled by Statistics Norway.

Legal authority

Statistics Act, sections 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

Graduation statistics from higher education include all individuals who have completed a degree 2 years or longer from an educational institution classified by the Standard Industrial Classification as a higher education institution. All ompleted educational activities during the period 1 October to 30 September each year are included.

Credit points statistics include all individuals who are registered as a student per 1 October the previous year, and students registered as producing credit points during the following 12 month period (1 October - 30 September). Norwegian students abroad are not included in the statistics as it is not yet possibe to obtain information about completed credit points abroad.

The staistics includes students and graduations in educational institutions classified by the Standard Industrial Classification as a higher education institution.

Universities: University of Oslo, University of Bergen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, University of Stavanger, University of Agder and Nord University.

Specialised university institutions: Norwegian School of Economics, Norwegian School of Theology, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norwegian Academy of Music, Norwegian Business School and Molde University College - specialised university of logistics.

University colleges are grouped into: (1) State university colleges, (2) Military university colleges and (3) Other university colleges. Other University Colleges include Oslo and Bergen`s National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian Police University College and all private university colleges.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics Norway collects data on attained credit points and graduations from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and from the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions not reporting to DBH. Information on completed doctoral degrees/PhD is included.

Surveys are not employed to collect education statistics.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Pursuant to the Statistical Act (June 1989, No. 54), Statistics Norway collects student data from the Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision. Control and revision is performed on all data received from educational institutions. It encompasses deletion of duplicate records, a control for correct and valid values for each variable and checks for missing information. Several variables are re-coded to comply with control programs run by Statistics Norway and Personal ID-numbers are referenced against Statistics Norway's population database to check for errors.

Estimation: No estimation is performed. The statistics are based on enumeration of students and attained credit points, and of graduates in higher education.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

To prevent identification of individuals within the statistics, data is not released where there are less than three students within a single cell in a table.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based data on completed education has been published annually since it was first collected in the academic year 1973/74. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The revised Norwegian Standard Classification of Education recoded education courses to enable comparison of newer and older data. While education courses are reasonably comparable over time, other variables are not (e.g. coding of institution types). Credit point variables are complete from the academic year 2004/05 onwards.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Educational statistics comprise data from the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions. Errors in the educational data may occur upon registration at the higher education institution, or during the control and revision processes performed by Statistics Norway. Overestimation of student numbers is common for universities where registration occurs with payment of registration fees rather than enrolment in subjects. An overestimation of student numbers leads to an overestimation of the proportion of students who do not complete any credit points during the academic year. Students themselves can also provide inaccurate information to the registers.

Inaccuracies in graduation statistics may occur when administrative registers wrongly define a student as meeting the requirements for completing a degree. In some cases, this diploma is issued some time after the student actually completed their degree.

Credit points statistics are further limited by inconsistent practices by the institutions in regards to registration of credit points. It appears that for certain courses, some institutions do not register attained credit points at the end of each year, but rather at the end of the final year of the programme. These students are therefore incorrectly registered as completing 0 credit points for the first 2 or 3 years, and then 180 or 240 credit points in their final year.

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.