364419
/en/utdanning/statistikker/eksuvh/aar
364419
statistikk
2019-05-08T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
eksuvh, Credits and graduations from higher education, higher education, graduates, specialist field (for example social studies, law, the humanities), Bachelor's degree, Master's degree, undergraduate studies, postgraduate studies, research education, doctorates, students, credit points production, educational institutions, type of institution, ownershipTertiary education, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
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Credits and graduations from higher education

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

51.4 %

of graduations from higher education are from universities

Graduations and credits awarded by universities and colleges in Norway
Share
2013-20142016-20172017-2018
1Ordinary students are those registered per 1 October yyyy and are not in continuing education.
 
Graduations
Total100.0100.0100.0
Universities43.251.451.4
Specialised university institutions11.113.211.6
State university colleges37.327.228.5
Military university colleges0.50.40.5
Other university colleges8.07.88.0
 
Males38.940.239.6
Females61.159.860.4
 
Immigrants10.411.211.4
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents1.92.52.8
Other population87.786.385.8
 
Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students1
Total100.0100.0100.0
Students with 0 credits8.47.67.3
Students with 1-29 credits7.97.97.9
Students with 30-59 credits28.828.527.9
Students with 60 credits or more54.956.056.9

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Type of institution and level of degree for graduations in higher education

Type of institution and level of degree for graduations in higher education
2007-20082017-2018
TotalPercentage womanTotalPercentage woman
1Includes Oslo National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian Police University College and private university colleges
2Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer
3Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included
4Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and type of institution
Total35 35560.652 09460.4
Universities14 20458.626 80058.7
Specialised university institutions1 79843.16 05154.7
State university colleges14 27266.214 82365.5
Military university colleges17410.924512.7
Other university colleges14 90758.24 17564.7
Tertiary education, short and medium224 67263.435 15662.3
Universities5 93964.314 14961.0
Specialised university institutions1 05240.44 00657.7
State university colleges13 44466.512 86965.1
Military university colleges15011.321114.2
Other university colleges14 08759.93 92165.0
Tertiary education, long39 45255.415 43857.1
Universities7 09756.111 28756.7
Specialised university institutions70047.31 97449.0
State university colleges81762.91 88968.4
Military university colleges248.3342.9
Other university colleges181449.525461.0
Second stage of tertiary education41 23144.81 50050.4
Universities1 16844.91 36450.4
Specialised university institutions4641.37145.1
State university colleges1136.46555.4
Military university colleges0.-.
Other university colleges1666.7-.

Table 2 
Field of education and level for graduations in higher education

Field of education and level for graduations in higher education
2007-20082017-2018
TotalPercentage womanTotalPercentage woman
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included.
3Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and field of education
Total35 33060.652 09460.4
 
Tertiary education, short and medium124 66063.435 15662.3
Humanities and arts2 06265.92 59161.4
Education5 63872.27 37371.5
Social sciences and law2 02357.73 35065.0
Business and administration4 44850.06 23956.8
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects2 72125.95 28629.1
Health, welfare and sport6 99983.88 72881.8
Primary industries12248.418854.3
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services60526.41 30537.2
Unspecified field of study4264.39654.2
 
Tertiary education, long29 43955.415 43857.1
Humanities and arts1 23661.21 38361.4
Education66582.31 51978.3
Social sciences and law2 21160.32 67863.9
Business and administration1 32346.52 86250.6
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects2 32835.74 26739.1
Health, welfare and sport1 46171.72 38476.5
Primary industries10561.911546.1
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services11029.123031.7
Unspecified field of study-.-.
 
Doctoral studies31 23144.81 50050.4
Humanities and arts12452.413054.6
Education955.64981.6
Social sciences and law15754.117159.6
Business and administration2334.84738.3
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects54233.858636.2
Health, welfare and sport33356.550961.3
Primary industries3141.9-.
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services-.812.5
Unspecified field of study1241.7-.

Table 3 
Immigration category and field of education for graduations in higher education

Immigration category and field of education for graduations in higher education
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
2017-2018
Total52 0945 9411 46044 693
Humanities and arts4 104652753 377
Education8 9416241798 138
Social sciences and law6 1996811655 353
Business and administration9 1488323747 942
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects10 1391 7163068 117
Health, welfare and sport11 6211 2943409 987
Primary industries303411261
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services1 54390201 433
Unspecified field of study9611-85
Per cent
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0
Humanities and arts7.911.05.17.6
Education17.210.512.318.2
Social sciences and law11.911.511.312.0
Business and administration17.614.025.617.8
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects19.528.921.018.2
Health, welfare and sport22.321.823.322.3
Primary industries0.60.70.10.6
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services3.01.51.43.2
Unspecified field of study0.20.2-0.2

Table 4 
Age groups and level of degree for graduations in higher education

Age groups and level of degree for graduations in higher education
2007-20082016-20172017-2018
GraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage women
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included.
3Doctoral degrees
Level and age
Total35 33060.651 00059.852 09460.4
Tertiary education, short and medium124 66063.434 17661.735 15662.3
19-24 years11 64065.919 19063.919 76564.7
25-29 years6 48757.98 31655.48 57955.6
30-34 years2 30359.42 74860.12 78862.0
35-39 years1 74667.01 48563.61 60564.9
40-44 years1 26868.51 14268.01 06967.5
45-49 years78168.076466.876164.4
50-54 years33763.237467.439070.5
55-59 years7557.312254.916650.6
60 years or older2369.63551.43336.4
Tertiary education, long29 43955.415 33556.515 43857.1
19-24 years1 69052.93 20459.13 29957.4
25-29 years4 86852.97 53851.97 43454.4
30-34 years1 15755.31 75455.31 75854.6
35-39 years55058.988659.392757.2
40-44 years39762.273968.779666.2
45-49 years36671.659368.358271.0
50-54 years25971.039574.441372.6
55-59 years12167.816873.216168.3
60 years or older3154.85851.76855.9
Second stage of tertiary education31 23144.81 48949.61 50050.4
25-29 years17036.524243.825136.7
30-34 years39642.448344.348047.1
35-39 years25444.531051.330354.1
40-44 years15248.719656.120160.2
45-49 years11449.112660.312858.6
50-54 years7057.14551.17157.7
55-59 years5752.65070.03756.8
60 years or older1850.03743.22955.2

Table 5 
Parents’ level of education and level of degree for graduations in higher education

Parents’ level of education and level of degree for graduations in higher education
2007-20082012-20132017-2018
TotalTotalTotal
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included
3Doctoral degrees.
Level and parents´level of education
Total35 35542 12752 094
 
Tertiary education, 4 years or less124 67228 70935 156
Mother or father has long tertiary education3 1113 5734 796
Mother or father has short tertiary education7 63410 00713 124
Mother or father has upper secondary education10 79411 72313 233
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education1 8391 8652 050
Not stated1 2941 5411 953
 
Tertiary education, more than 4 years29 45211 86915 438
Mother or father has long tertiary education2 1392 5613 386
Mother or father has short tertiary education3 0633 7945 419
Mother or father has upper secondary education2 7043 1243 901
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education333432561
Not stated1 2131 9582 171
 
Doctoral studies31 2311 5491 500
Mother or father has long tertiary education301357331
Mother or father has short tertiary education264292331
Mother or father has upper secondary education291256209
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education323118
Not stated343613611

Table 6 
Graduations in selected programmes and immigration category

Graduations in selected programmes and immigration category
2017-2018
NumbersPer cent
Number of graduatesImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
Both sexes
3 year bachelor degrees30 2869.03.587.5
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training2 0678.02.689.4
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme3805.31.193.7
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme3 10310.23.486.4
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme4 03810.42.187.5
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects6 0968.54.986.5
 
4 years degrees1 9352.61.396.1
Of these
General teacher training programme1 8451.71.397.0
 
5 year Master degrees14 13215.62.182.3
Of these
Master degree, law9134.23.492.4
Master degree, pharmacy13933.817.348.9
Master degree, odontology11919.39.271.4
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration1 1356.24.089.9
Master degree, teacher training4157.21.791.1
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education1141.80.098.2
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree2 0919.22.188.8
 
6 years degrees8585.83.091.1
Cand.med. degree5126.34.589.3
Cand.theol. degree238.7-91.3
Cand.psychol. degree2592.31.296.5
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)6415.6-84.4
 
Second stage of tertiary education1 50039.70.659.7
 
Males
3 year bachelor degrees11 5098.64.187.3
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training3186.02.891.2
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme1983.50.596.0
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme2 3819.73.686.8
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme44818.52.778.8
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects2 5837.96.485.7
 
4 years degrees4732.11.196.8
Of these
General teacher training programme4250.90.998.1
 
5 year Master degrees6 13517.11.981.1
Of these
Master degree, law3083.92.993.2
Master degree, pharmacy3246.96.346.9
Master degree, odontology2825.07.167.9
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration6566.34.489.3
Master degree, teacher training1248.90.890.3
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education270.00.0100.0
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree1 4349.82.188.1
 
6 years degrees2674.54.990.6
Cand.med. degree1895.36.388.4
Cand.theol. degree13--100.0
Cand.psychol. degree613.31.695.1
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)4--100.0
 
Second stage of tertiary education74446.50.852.7
 
Females
3 year bachelor degrees18 7779.33.287.5
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training1 7498.42.589.1
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme1827.11.691.2
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme72211.93.085.0
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme3 5909.42.088.6
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects3 5139.13.887.1
 
4 years degrees1 4622.71.495.9
Of these
General teacher training programme1 4202.01.496.6
 
5 year Master degrees7 99714.42.383.3
Of these
Master degree, law6054.33.692.1
Master degree, pharmacy10729.920.649.5
Master degree, odontology9117.69.972.5
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration4796.13.390.6
Master degree, teacher training2916.52.191.4
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education872.30.097.7
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree6577.92.090.1
 
6 years degrees5916.42.291.4
Cand.med. degree3236.83.489.8
Cand.theol. degree1020.0-80.0
Cand.psychol. degree1982.01.097.0
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)6016.7-83.3
 
Second stage of tertiary education75633.10.466.5

Table 7 
Educational institutions and awarded creditsl

Educational institutions and awarded creditsl1
2017-2018
Average credits awardedTotalPer cent
Per registered studentPer student with awarded creditsWith awarded creditsWithout awarded credits
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
Educational institutions, total38.144.3293 31786.014.0
 
Nord university36.041.512 11586.713.3
Norwegian University of Life Sciences41.446.45 86189.210.8
Norwegian University of Science and Technology40.746.441 77187.612.4
Oslo Metropolitan University40.245.121 57689.110.9
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway39.746.716 47785.015.0
University of Agder40.045.213 36688.611.4
University of Bergen40.047.117 47185.015.0
University of Oslo35.544.429 48579.920.1
University of Stavanger39.746.011 75686.413.6
University of South-Eastern Norway36.842.918 64085.814.2
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design46.449.870093.16.9
BI Norwegian Business School31.436.221 74686.913.1
Molde University College - Specialised University of Logistics36.442.32 51786.014.0
MF Norwegian School of Theology33.841.21 31282.117.9
Norwegian School of Economics42.044.83 84093.96.1
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences39.643.41 30491.48.6
Norwegian Academy of Music36.341.685487.412.6
VID Specialised University40.142.44 75194.65.4
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences36.541.914 82587.112.9
Østfold University College37.844.66 76484.815.2
Volda University College36.241.84 29486.413.6
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences41.846.216 33990.59.5
Sámi University of Applied Sciences27.434.026180.819.2
Bjørknes University College21.729.71 52873.226.8
Queen Maud University College43.048.01 36789.510.5
Kristiania University College37.447.96 38878.121.9
Oslo National Academy of the Arts53.455.452196.43.6
NLA University College40.245.42 71988.611.4
Norwegian Police University College37.339.63 98894.15.9
Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology49.152.12 03694.15.9
Military University Colleges16.749.22 80134.066.0
Other University Colleges40.848.03 94484.915.1

Table 8 
Credits awarded to full-time students by educational institution

Credits awarded to full-time students by educational institution1
2017-2018
Average credits awardedTotalPer cent
Per registered studentPer student with awarded creditsWith awarded creditsWithout awarded credits
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
Educational institutions, total48.452.2187 44892.77.3
 
Nord university46.650.37 36892.67.4
Norwegian University of Life Sciences52.654.74 17696.13.9
Norwegian University of Science and Technology50.653.829 51494.15.9
Oslo Metropolitan University50.453.813 57593.76.3
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway47.752.711 63190.49.6
University of Agder49.653.39 40493.07.0
University of Bergen48.052.413 05891.68.4
University of Oslo44.250.519 99087.712.3
University of Stavanger48.553.07 89591.58.5
University of South-Eastern Norway45.651.76 32288.111.9
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design52.654.252597.03.0
BI Norwegian Business School40.142.715 73293.96.1
Molde University College - Specialised University of Logistics47.952.41 58891.48.6
MF Norwegian School of Theology45.552.478486.713.3
Norwegian School of Economics50.051.42 83797.32.7
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences53.655.268097.22.8
Norwegian Academy of Music47.352.142890.79.3
VID Specialised University53.354.72 58897.52.5
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences50.553.57 81294.55.5
Østfold University College48.452.94 25591.48.6
Volda University College50.954.42 29793.56.5
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences51.753.911 22395.84.2
Sámi University of Applied Sciences40.942.96795.54.5
Bjørknes University College24.832.173877.422.6
Queen Maud University College43.450.428886.113.9
Kristiania University College52.254.34 13496.04.0
Oslo National Academy of the Arts55.757.243497.52.5
NLA University College50.953.81 79594.65.4
Norwegian Police University College60.060.32 05699.40.6
Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology52.854.51 81896.93.1
Other University Colleges55.561.12 03390.99.1

About the statistics

The statistics on graduations and credits from higher education include all completed degrees with a minimum duration of 2 years, and credits attained during the period 1 October-30 September. Credits from abroad are not included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Completed education: An education activity is recognised as completed when the institution the students are attending, awards them a diploma or provides some other evidence that they have met the full requirements for completion.

Completed credit points: When students pass their examinations for a given subject, they are awarded a certain amount of credit points towards their degree. One year full-time study in higher education is equivalent to 60 credit points. A four year undergraduate degree requires 240 credit points for completion.

Educational activity: According to the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000). Courses are grouped by level and field of study.

Field of study: Courses are divided into 8 different broad fields of education.

Type of institution: According to the Standard Industrial Classification of 2007.

Ownership: Classifies educational institutions as public, county/municipal or private.

School County/Municipality: Where the institution is located.

Age: Per 31 December of the school year.

Standard classifications

Educational activities are grouped by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education which was established in 1970 by Statistics Norway and later revised in 1973, 1989 and 2000. Educational institutions are classified as being higher education by the Standard Industrial Classification.

For international puprposes, the ISCED 2011 is used (International Standard Classification of Education).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Credits and graduations from higher education
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level and by educational institution. Data includes information that makes it possible to provide figures at other regional Levels.

Frequency and timeliness

Figures are published annually in May. From 2015 data on credit points was merged with data on graduations from universities and colleges. Prior to 2015 data on credit points was published separately.

International reporting

The data is provided for UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat (U-O-E).

Microdata

Statistics Norway stores all data in a proper, standardised manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

It is possible to order special tables in addition to the tables that are published by contacting Statistics Norway, oppdragutdanning@ssb.no. The price will depend on the size of the order.

Background

Background and purpose

There is a high demand for the collection of official statistics on education. Official education statistics are individually based and document the educational activities of all Norwegian residents from completion of lower secondary school to completion of all higher education including doctoral/PhD studies.

Education statistics went through a structural readjustment in the beginning of the 1970's. All statistics on higher education were previously available through a census. Since then, data is individually based, with all educational activities being attached to each individual's personal ID-number. The data is contained in the National Education Database (NUDB) in a format that allows the production of different kinds of education statistics and connection with other types of individually based statistics where necessary (e.g. income, social-welfare).

The purpose of these statistics is to present individually based statistics of attained credit points and of graduates in higher education in Norway.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, public administration, researchers, special interest organisations, international organisations (Eurostat, OECD and UNESCO), media, business and industry.

In addition, data is used internally in Statistics Norway in publications and in assignments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8.00 AM. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Data from higher education is combined with data from secondary school after the revision processes are complete. All data on education from higher education and secondary education is included in the National Education Database (NUDB). Statistics Norway uses a similar system for all individually based statistics, making it easy to combine education statistics with other areas. Labour market statistics, health statistics, living conditions statistics and income and wage statistics are examples of other individually based statistics compiled by Statistics Norway.

Legal authority

Statistics Act, sections 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

Graduation statistics from higher education include all individuals who have completed a degree 2 years or longer from an educational institution classified by the Standard Industrial Classification as a higher education institution. All ompleted educational activities during the period 1 October to 30 September each year are included.

Credit points statistics include all individuals who are registered as a student per 1 October the previous year, and students registered as producing credit points during the following 12 month period (1 October - 30 September). Norwegian students abroad are not included in the statistics as it is not yet possibe to obtain information about completed credit points abroad.

The staistics includes students and graduations in educational institutions classified by the Standard Industrial Classification as a higher education institution.

Universities: University of Oslo, University of Bergen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, University of Stavanger, University of Agder, Nord University, University of South-Eastern Norway and Oslo Metropolitan University.

Specialised university institutions: Norwegian School of Economics, Norwegian School of Theology, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norwegian Academy of Music, BI Norwegian Business School, VID Specialised University and Molde University College - Specialised University in Logistics.

University colleges are grouped into: (1) State university colleges, (2) Military university colleges and (3) Other university colleges. Other University Colleges include Oslo National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian Police University College and all private university colleges.

In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units, see changes in educational institutions (in Norwegian) 

As some university colleges were merged in 2016/2017, there was a decrease in the number of students in university colleges, as well as a corresponding increase in the number of students in universities and in specialized universities.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics Norway collects data on attained credit points and graduations from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and from the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions not reporting to DBH. Information on completed doctoral degrees/PhD is included.

Surveys are not employed to collect education statistics.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Pursuant to the Statistical Act (June 1989, No. 54), Statistics Norway collects student data from the Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision. Control and revision is performed on all data received from educational institutions. It encompasses deletion of duplicate records, a control for correct and valid values for each variable and checks for missing information. Several variables are re-coded to comply with control programs run by Statistics Norway and Personal ID-numbers are referenced against Statistics Norway's population database to check for errors.

Estimation: No estimation is performed. The statistics are based on enumeration of students and attained credit points, and of graduates in higher education.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

To prevent identification of individuals within the statistics, data is not released where there are less than three students within a single cell in a table.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based data on completed education has been published annually since it was first collected in the academic year 1973/74. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The revised Norwegian Standard Classification of Education recoded education courses to enable comparison of newer and older data. While education courses are reasonably comparable over time, other variables are not (e.g. coding of institution types). Credit point variables are complete from the academic year 2004/05 onwards.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Educational statistics comprise data from the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions. Errors in the educational data may occur upon registration at the higher education institution, or during the control and revision processes performed by Statistics Norway. Overestimation of student numbers is common for universities where registration occurs with payment of registration fees rather than enrolment in subjects. An overestimation of student numbers leads to an overestimation of the proportion of students who do not complete any credit points during the academic year. Students themselves can also provide inaccurate information to the registers.

Inaccuracies in graduation statistics may occur when administrative registers wrongly define a student as meeting the requirements for completing a degree. In some cases, this diploma is issued some time after the student actually completed their degree.

Credit points statistics are further limited by inconsistent practices by the institutions in regards to registration of credit points. It appears that for certain courses, some institutions do not register attained credit points at the end of each year, but rather at the end of the final year of the programme. These students are therefore incorrectly registered as completing 0 credit points for the first 2 or 3 years, and then 180 or 240 credit points in their final year.

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.