315510
/en/sosiale-forhold-og-kriminalitet/statistikker/barneverng/aar
315510
statistikk
2018-06-29T08:00:00.000Z
Social conditions, welfare and crime;Public sector
en
barneverng, Child welfare, municipal child welfare service, child welfare measures, investigation cases, reports of concerns, assistance, care, foster homes, visit homes, personal support contact, children under supervision, child welfare institutions, emergency shelter homes, neglect, child abuse, behavioural problems, placements, processing timeKOSTRA , Child welfare and family counselling , Social conditions, welfare and crime, Public sector
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Child welfare

Updated

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Key figures

55 697

children with measures from the Child Welfare Services in 2017

Main figures for the Child Welfare Services statistics
201520162017
1From 2016, figures of assistance measures per 31 December are higher than previous years. The reason is that earlier care measures during the year were prioritized over assistance measures per 31 December, and the figures for assistance measures per 31 December therefore got too low. The distribution between care measures and assistance measures is also changed, due to this change of which measure is prioritized for each child.
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services during the year53 43954 62055 697
Assistance measures43 37044 38645 528
Care measures10 06910 23410 169
 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December136 81139 26039 612
Assistance measures27 80330 18030 579
Care measures9 0089 0809 033
 
Children with placement measures per 31 December14 91815 86515 626
Assistance measures5 9956 7856 593
Care measures8 9239 0809 033
 
Notifications during the year54 39658 25458 580
 
Investigations started during the year43 68147 86548 732
Investigations closed during the year44 10146 62648 235
 
Total, employees5 296.15 787.36 004.6

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Table 1 
Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex

Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex
Investigated cases, totalThe case was droppedFor investigation
Year
201554 39610 71043 686
201658 25410 34047 914
 
201758 5809 80548 775
Age
0-2 years6 9569915 965
3-5 years9 4941 3648 130
6-12 years23 3863 42519 961
13-17 years17 3493 51513 834
18-22 years1 394510884
Unknown age101
Sex
Boys31 8095 55426 255
Girls26 7714 25122 520
Unknown sex000

Table 2 
Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex

Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex
All conclusionsChild welfare service makes decision on measuresApplication for measures to county welfare boardInvestigation cases closed after assessment by child welfare serviceInvestigation cases closed at parties' requestInvestigation cases closed due to relocationUnknown
Year
201544 10117 76663320 0903 6052 0070
201646 62619 05748021 2533 8082 0280
 
201748 23519 33344922 4754 0191 9590
Age
0-2 years5 4662 037922 5734133510
3-5 years7 9543 016683 8366184160
6-12 years19 7738 3571738 8591 5967880
13-17 years13 6865 5541126 4221 2373610
18-22 years1 3553694784155430
Unknown age1001000
Sex
Boys25 98810 59421412 0032 1261 0510
Girls22 2478 73923510 4721 8939080
Unknown sex0000000

Table 3 
Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex

Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex
Investigations started during the year
Year
201543 681
201647 865
 
201748 732
Age
0-2 years5 955
3-5 years8 125
6-12 years19 944
13-17 years13 823
18-22 years884
Unknown age1
Sex
Boys26 235
Girls22 497
Unknown sex0

Table 4 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age

Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services during the yearChildren with measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
2017Total sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
 
 All measures
Years, total55 69730 80324 894039 61222 06917 5430
0-22 years55 47130 67924 792039 59122 06017 5310
0-17 years48 45426 69021 764034 86019 37415 4860
0-2 years3 2991 7731 52602 4021 2981 1040
3-5 years6 5493 4833 06604 5602 4492 1110
6-12 years21 55912 0429 517015 2458 5496 6960
13-17 years17 0479 3927 655012 6537 0785 5750
18-22 years7 0173 9893 02804 7312 6862 0450
Care measures
Years, total10 1695 3664 80309 0334 7724 2610
0-22 years10 1695 3664 80309 0334 7724 2610
0-17 years9 3794 9604 41909 0334 7724 2610
0-2 years42423319104092261830
3-5 years98151546609344874470
6-12 years3 9712 1101 86103 8422 0431 7990
13-17 years4 0032 1021 90103 8482 0161 8320
18-22 years7904063840......0
Assistance measures
Years, total45 52825 43720 091030 57917 29713 2820
0-22 years45 30225 31319 989030 55817 28813 2700
0-17 years39 07521 73017 345025 82714 60211 2250
0-2 years2 8751 5401 33501 9931 0729210
3-5 years5 5682 9682 60003 6261 9621 6640
6-12 years17 5889 9327 656011 4036 5064 8970
13-17 years13 0447 2905 75408 8055 0623 7430
18-22 years6 2273 5832 64404 7312 6862 0450

Table 5 
Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure

Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure
2017Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
All types of measures85 414
Institutions1 242
Child welfare institutions1 192
Other institutions43
Other institutional measures7
Foster homes11 812
Foster homes of family and close network3 027
Foster homes outside family and close network7 457
Public family homes641
Foster homes under § 4-27 Child Welfare Act8
Emergency shelter homes674
Other foster home measures5
Measures to enhance parenting skills22 613
MST (Multisystemic Therapy)355
PMTO (Parent Management Training Oregon)525
FFT (Functional Family Therapy)117
Webster Stratton - The Incredible Years26
ICDP (International Child Development Programme)81
Marte Meo146
Other home-based measures2 024
Family support centres185
Decisions on advice and guidance13 863
Home adviser/therapist2 148
Other measures to enhance parenting skills3 143
Measures to enhance the child's development30 546
Kindergartens2 343
Before and after school care2 993
Leisure activities2 273
Financial assistance8 112
Home visits/respite measures7 129
Support person2 154
Discussion groups/children's groups194
Education and employment523
Aggression Replacement Therapy (ART)11
Other measures to enhance the child's development4 814
Supervision and control4 467
Voluntary supervision at home514
Imposed supervision at home290
Supervised visits1 947
Substance abuse control1 293
Other superivision and control measures423
Networking/cooperation with other services10 437
Family Group Conference945
Network meetings219
Individual plan67
Participation in accountability/support groups8 282
Other networking measures/cooperation with other services924
Investigation and treatment from other services843
Medical investigation and treatment (§ 4-10 Child Welfare Act)115
Treatment of children with special training needs (§ 4-11 Child Welfare Act)1
Mental health care for children and youths383
Other investigation and treatment measures from other services344
Housing3 454
Financial assistance with own housing737
Housing with support (including home share)2 524
Life skills training15
Other housing measures178

Table 6 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex

Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex
2017Children with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 December
Years, totalType og measuresTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
 Children and adolescents, total
TotalAll measures55 69730 80324 894039 61222 06917 5430
 Care measures10 1695 3664 80309 0334 7724 2610
 Assistance measures45 52825 43720 091030 57917 29713 2820
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures2 0941 14495001 3407366040
 Care measures25313012302151111040
 Assistance measures1 8411 01482701 1256255000
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures13 4548 1605 29409 4535 8873 5660
 Care measures1 59783875901 4297576720
 Assistance measures11 8577 3224 53508 0245 1302 8940
Children are dependents without immigrant-backgroundAll measures39 80921 30918 500028 64415 35213 2920
 Care measures8 2974 3883 90907 3723 8963 4760
 Assistance measures31 37716 85014 527021 27211 4569 8160
UnknownAll measures340190150017594810
 Care measures221012017890
 Assistance measures318180138015886720
Immegrants
TotalAll measures8 7145 6033 11106 3134 1632 1500
 Care measures84344040307223793430
 Assistance measures7 8715 1632 70805 5913 7841 8070
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures1 39076063008904814090
 Care measures1749480014782650
 Assistance measures1 21666655007433993440
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures7 3244 8432 48105 4233 6821 7410
 Care measures66934632305752972780
 Assistance measures6 6554 4972 15804 8483 3851 4630
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents
TotalAll measures6 8343 7013 13304 4802 4602 0200
 Care measures1 00752847909224894330
 Assistance measures5 8273 1732 65403 5581 9711 5870
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures70438432004502551950
 Care measures79364306829390
 Assistance measures62534827703822261560
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures6 1303 3172 81304 0302 2051 8250
 Care measures92849243608544603940
 Assistance measures5 2022 8252 37703 1761 7451 4310

About the statistics

The statistics provide figures on the Child Welfare Services. The figures include notifications, investigations and measures, and the children involved. The work of the Child Welfare Services is aimed at children and adolescents aged 0–23. Figures on full-time equivalents (FTEs) in the Child Welfare Services are also included.

 

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Notifications: Upon receiving a notification, the Child Welfare Services must review it as soon as possible, within a week, and decide whether no action is to be taken or whether an investigation should be initiated. Until 2013, Statistics Norway did not collect data on notifications where no action was taken and where no investigation was initiated.

Investigations: The Child Welfare Services have a right and duty to initiate an investigation when there are reasonable grounds to assume that a child is living in conditions that require intervention pursuant to the Child Welfare Act. Statistics Norway started collecting data on all investigations in 2013. Prior to this, if the Child Welfare Services conducted more than one investigation into the same child, only one investigation was registered; either the investigation that led to a decision to intervene or the first investigation in the statistical year.

Assistance measures: Assistance measures are in accordance with section 4-4 of the Child Welfare Act (corresponds to section 18 – Preventive measures and section 51 – Follow-up measures in the old legislation). Measures can include financial support, kindergarten placement, support contact, supervision, home visits/home respite, home consultancy, respite care in an institution, parent/child care centre placement (home for mothers), outpatient treatment in mental health care for children and adolescents, etc. The new legislation that came into force in 1993 provides for children being removed from the home, and placed in a foster home, for example, without the need for a decision to provide care. According to section 4-4 fifth paragraph of the Act, such placements are categorised as assistance measures.

Care orders: Care orders are in accordance with section 4-12 of the Child Welfare Act (section 19 in the old legislation). All decisions on providing care for a child and placing him or her in foster care are made by the county social welfare board. Care orders are provided for in section 4-12, and include placement in a care centre for minors, foster home, an institution or a training or treatment institution. When the child is in care, all measures aimed at the child are registered as care orders. Until 2013, local authorities was responsible for reporting whether a measure was a care order. As from 2013, Statistics Norway reports whether a measure is an assistance measure or a care order as provided for in the legislation.

Follow-up care: In 1998, amendments to the Child Welfare Act meant that measures that were initiated before a child turned 18 could be continued or replaced with other assistance measures if the child agreed. Such measures can continue until the child reaches 23 years of age, and a generic term for measures in the age group 18-22 is follow-up care.

New children in the Child Welfare Services: All children who are subject to child welfare measures in a statistical year, who are not included in the child welfare statistics in the preceding year, are defined as ‘new children’ with measures. This means that even if the child is registered as a new child in the child welfare statistics, he or she may have received help previously. Use of personal identification numbers is crucial here for identifying the new children in the Child Welfare Services.

Staff are registered under the following education categories: social workers, child welfare educationalists, other university college/university education, office/commercial education, other education/unskilled.

Organisation: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services are organised as one host municipality partnership and/or as part of NAV.

Quality indicators: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services have a system for user surveys, if they have a user survey in the statistical year and if the Child Welfare Services have internal controls.

 

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Child welfare
Topic: Social conditions, welfare and crime

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Health, care and social statistics

Regional level

Figures for the country as a whole, parts of the country, child welfare regions, counties, municipalities and districts in Oslo.

Frequency and timeliness

Unrevised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 March every year.

Revised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 June every year.

Daily statistics are published every year at the end of June/beginning of July.

International reporting

Nordic Social-Statistical Committee (NOSOSKO).

Microdata

Statistics Norway has yearly datasets and dataset explanations, in addition to a historical dataset at individual level consisting of figures on assistance measures and/or care orders for the period 1993-2015.

Background

Background and purpose

The child welfare statistics were first published in 1900, and until 1954, comprised of summary statistics compiled on the basis of annual reports from the predecessor to the current Child Welfare Services. Until 1915, the statistics were produced by the Ministry of Church Affairs and Education, and subsequently by Statistics Norway. Since 1954, child welfare statistics have been prepared based on annual reports from the local authorities. A major reorganisation took place in the 1990s, and in 1992, the range of data was considerably extended. This reorganisation led to a break in some of the time series, including the figures on ‘new’ child welfare clients. Figures on new clients from before and after 1992 are therefore not directly comparable. In 1993, the registration form was changed as a result of new child welfare legislation. The new legislation provides for children being placed outside the home without the need for a decision by the county social welfare board to take over care of the child. However, the figures on children in care from 1993 are comparable.

In 1997, it was decided that notifications to the Child Welfare Services would be excluded, and that only information about who reported the case and the content of the notification would be registered for the children for whom the Child Welfare Services started or ended investigations in the statistical year.

In 1998, an amendment was made to the Child Welfare Act of 1993. The age of children and adolescents who could have follow-up measures was increased from 18-20 to 18-22. Thus, the age group included in the statistics on child welfare was changed.

2002 saw a major reorganisation in the child welfare statistics, with the KOSTRA functions 251 and 252 being included in the reporting basis.

In 2007, the KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare was changed. The figures on measure categories was expanded.

The reporting of 15 Child Welfare was changed in 2013. The form is no longer available, and the data system can only produce file extractions. All notifications and investigations are now reported, while previously only one investigation was reported per child. The figures on measure categories have been expanded and eight main categories of measures with subcategories have been introduced. Statistics Norway now distinguishes between assistance measures and care orders as provided for in the legislation, and whether the measure is function 251 or 252 according to the measure categories. The local authorities previously reported this themselves.

In 2010, employees in the Child Welfare Services were included in the general child welfare statistics. These were previously published separately http://www.ssb.no/barnevernp/.

 

Statistics on personnel in the social security offices, which are summary statistics, were first collected in 1984. It was not until 1991 that a distinction was made between the different categories of child welfare staff. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and positions are now registered according to education, and converted to FTEs. In addition, figures on vacant positions were included as from 31 December 1992. In 2012, positions linked to functions were also reported explicitly in addition to positions in function 244, and in 2013, positions linked to function 252 were also included.

 

Information on organisation and cooperation was first published in 1993. Quality indicators for the Child Welfare Services were first published in 2006.

 

Users and applications

Users: Ministry of Children and Equality, other ministries, Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir), Norwegian Board of Health Supervision, County Governor, county authorities and local authorities, research institutions, the media and students.

Applications: Public planning, research and studies, education and public debate.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

The reports are collected by Statistics Norway for the Ministry of Children and Equality, under the provisions of the Act of 17 July 1992 No. 100 relating to Child Welfare Services section 2-3. Pursuant to the Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2, Statistics Norway shall use the reports in the preparation of official statistics.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Not relevant

Data sources and sampling

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare, and a dataset explanation were used as a basis for data registration. The reporting deadline is 15 January the year following the statistical year. For local authorities with a child welfare programme, a file extraction is made, which is sent electronically to Statistics Norway. Until 2013, the local authorities that did not have such a programme submitted electronic forms from Statistics Norway’s website.

In return, the local authorities receive summary tables and error lists for submitted child welfare statistics. They then have to check whether the figures are correct, and report any errors in the submitted data to Statistics Norway. In 2013, the local authorities were asked to review the KOSTRA publications on 15 March and give Statistics Norway feedback on whether the figures were correct, and no error lists were sent out.

KOSTRA form 8 Personnel and organisation of the Child Welfare Services is submitted electronically from Statistics Norway’s website every year, with a deadline of 15 February.

In cases of inter-municipal cooperation, one file/form is to be submitted for each local authority.

The child welfare control program, which is available on Statistics Norway’s website, plays a key role in the regular control and audit routines for the statistics. The local authorities run the control program before submitting child welfare datasets to Statistics Norway, correcting as many errors as possible before submission. In 2013, most of the controls prevented the submission of file extractions and had to be corrected by the local authorities. After receiving a file, Statistics Norway also runs the control program. Preliminary tables with main figures and error lists are sent to the individual local authorities. The Child Welfare Services in the relevant local authority adds the correct information to the error list before returning it to Statistics Norway for revision and production of the figures.

Controls of data on employees are based on a comparison of the figures from the preceding year, and the local authorities are contacted if there are major discrepancies so that they can create or submit a new form where relevant.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

At municipality and district level, cells in the tables containing three or fewer units are suppressed prior to publishing.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 1980-1985, personal identification numbers were not used in the registration, which made it impossible to control for duplications. Figures from these years are therefore not fully comparable with the preceding and subsequent periods. The figures on children in care in 1992 are assumed to be too high because the 1992 statistics form was designed so that all placements were registered as care placements. There is a break in the 1993 series of new children with measures as a result of a new definition of new children.

In 2002, the child welfare form was changed to include more categories of measures.

A reorganisation in 2007 saw the introduction of more types of measures and information being collected. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2002-2006 are fully comparable.

The main figures for 2007 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years in relation to, for example, the number of children with measures, children with care orders, assistance measures, placements and investigations. Also in that year, more options for measure type and reporting body were added. There may therefore be a break in terms of the measure category ‘other measures’ and the category ‘other’ for the reporting body.

There was a further reorganisation in 2013, with the collection of notifications, more categories for content in the notification, minor changes in the categories of who submitted the notification, collection of all investigations – not just one per child, and more types of measures. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2007-2012 are fully comparable. The main figures for 2013 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years, i.e. the number of children with measures, children with care orders and assistance measures, the number of children under investigation. There is a break in the investigation cases, but the number of children subject to investigation will still be published.

There are no figures for employees in the municipal child welfare services during the period 1984-1990. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and the registration of personnel has not changed markedly since then. As of 2012, employees in function 251 Child welfare measures when the child is not placed by the Child Welfare Services were included in form 8 in addition to employees in function 244 Child Welfare Services. This makes it difficult to compare the total number of employees because we assume that those in function 251 were also reported before 2012 by some local authorities. In 2013, employees in function 252 Child welfare measures when the child is placed by the Child Welfare Services were also included in form 8.