402555
/en/transport-og-reiseliv/statistikker/overnatting/maaned
402555
statistikk
2020-10-01T08:00:00.000Z
Transport and tourism
en
overnatting, Accommodation, hotels, groups of cabins, camping sites, youth hostels, nationality of guests, occupancy rate, beds, hotel rooms, price per room, turnover, holiday stays, course/conference stays, business stays, occupation, SvalbardTourism , Transport and tourism
true

Accommodation

Updated

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Key figures

-29.2 %

decreace in guest nights from August 2019 to August 2020

Guest nights
Guest nightsChange in per cent
August 2020So far this yearAugust 2019 - August 2020So far this year vs last year
Guest nights, total3 512 44718 691 207-29.2-29.6
Hotels and similar establishments1 812 24310 967 405-41.1-38.3
Camping sites1 411 4036 222 017-4.6-7.2
Holiday dwellings and youth hostels288 8011 501 785-27.8-27.8

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Arrivals, guest nights and average number of nights per guest

Arrivals, guest nights and average number of nights per guest
August 2020August 2020August 2020
ArrivalsGuest nightsAverage number of nights per arrival
NorwayForeign national, totalNorwayForeign national, totalNorwayForeign national, total
1Svalbard is not defined as a county in the legal sense, but in official statistics Svalbard is treated in the same way as the other counties in Norway.
The whole country1 408 286311 0312 902 036610 4112.12.0
Viken144 11920 318362 25842 4512.52.1
Oslo89 00227 160187 07951 9352.11.9
Innlandet188 42726 837388 14842 3592.11.6
Vestfold og Telemark120 22114 363323 63430 1842.72.1
Agder112 83218 752275 69239 8392.42.1
Rogaland87 31924 272173 63149 4042.02.0
Vestland221 18876 149408 827145 4511.81.9
Møre og Romsdal99 12226 163180 95549 9941.81.9
Trøndelag - Trööndelage148 17219 359267 44247 0831.82.4
Nordland123 70428 343199 24551 8861.61.8
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku72 17628 532129 86157 6291.82.0
Svalbard12 0047835 2642 1962.62.8

Table 2 
Guest nights by guests' country of residence, selected countries

Guest nights by guests' country of residence, selected countries
August 2020Changes from same period previous year
Guest nightsPer cent
Total3 512 447-29.2
Norway2 902 036-1.8
Foreign national, total610 411-69.5
Denmark57 893-9.6
Finland37 5421.5
Sweden31 850-76.4
Belgium4 918-86.6
France11 068-90.0
Italy14 594-84.8
Netherlands67 215-70.2
Poland18 527-56.1
Russia745-97.9
United Kingdom25 635-68.5
Spain2 887-97.1
Switzerland8 998-79.7
Germany264 670-39.8
Austria6 326-68.5
India1 133-88.5
Japan401-97.5
China540-99.4
South Korea218-99.0
United States13 426-91.0
Australia422-97.7

Table 3 
Tourist accommodation establishments, by county

Tourist accommodation establishments, by county
August 2020
Number of establishments
Hotels and similar establishmentsCamping sitesHoliday dwellings and youth hostels
1Svalbard is not defined as a county in the legal sense, but in official statistics Svalbard is treated in the same way as the other counties in Norway.
The whole country996904693
Viken1269361
Oslo6933
Innlandet12113798
Vestfold og Telemark699635
Agder525236
Rogaland674143
Vestland164135144
Møre og Romsdal668156
Trøndelag - Trööndelage9410766
Nordland908886
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku707165
Svalbard1800

Table 4 
Guest nights per inhabitant and km2

Guest nights per inhabitant and km2
August 2020
Guest nights per inhabitant1Guest nights per km2
1The population in Norway is the population at the start of the year 2020. The population in Svalbard is the population in Longyearbyen and Ny-Ålesund January 1st 2020.
2Svalbard is not defined as a county in the legal sense, but in official statistics Svalbard is treated in the same way as the other counties in Norway.
The whole country0.659.65
Viken0.3317.78
Oslo0.34560.54
Innlandet1.168.72
Vestfold og Telemark0.8422.22
Agder1.0321.06
Rogaland0.4626.01
Vestland0.8717.33
Møre og Romsdal0.8716.69
Trøndelag - Trööndelage0.677.96
Nordland1.047.02
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku0.772.64
Svalbard23.090.12

About the statistics

The accommodation statistics measure the level and development of the guest nights at Norwegian accommodation establishments. Accommodation establishments in these statistics refer to hotels, camping sites, short-term holiday dwellings, and youth hostels. They do not refer to intermediaries of private homes such as Airbnb. 

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The number of businesses for all accommodation establishments corresponds to the number of establishments open to the public at least one day during the reference period.

Country of residence: International visitors are classified by the country where they reside, not necessarily their citizenship. From a tourism perspective, is everyone who relocates from one country to another, and stays for longer than a year, consider residing in that country. Citizenship is indicated in the person's passport (or other identification documents), while the country of residence must be determined using a question or inferred e.g. from the person's address.

Guest night: One person accommodated one night.

Beds and rooms correspond to the number of beds and rooms in businesses open to the public.

The number of rooms and beds represent two different ways of measuring hotel capacity. In theory, hotels with only double rooms can obtain an occupancy rate of 100 per cent, while the bed capacity is 50 per cent only. The utilization of the room and the utilization of bed capacity may, therefore, develop differently from one period to another.

The utilization of bed capacity corresponds to the number of guest nights in per cent of the number of available beds, where the number of available beds is the number of beds multiplied by the establishment's number of open days during the reference period.

The utilization of room capacity corresponds to the number of occupied rooms in per cent of the number of available rooms, where the number of available rooms is the number of rooms multiplied by the establishment's number of open days during the reference period.

Accommodation sales at hotels are the sales figure for the accommodation activity, not including any breakfast or other extra services, even though they might be included in the price of the stay. Sales are published without any VAT. 

From January 1st, 2016, and 2018, the VAT for accommodation sales increased by 2 per cent from 8 to 10 in 2016, and from 10 to 12 per cent in 2018. This may affect some comparability over time. 

The three purposes of guest nights at hotels are divided as follows,

Course, conference are guests who are at a course or a conference, independent whether the conference is at the hotel or in the area. If the guest has a joining family member, the family member will be registered as a course, conference guest.

Occupation is guests who are traveling for business, contractors, public employees or equivalent, and are staying at a hotel while conducting their business. If they have joining family members, they too will be registered as occupation, even though the family members may be traveling for holiday purposes.

Holiday, recreation are guests who are traveling for holiday or recreation.


Holiday dwellings are self-catering huts/rooms with limited service. The service does not include the making of beds, cleaning of rooms, and sanitary equipment. The establishments must be under the same management, be run on a commercial basis, and have their own reception.

Unit: Family or party of tourists who share a hut/room irrespective of the number of people in the group.

Unit night: Unit used one night.

Seasonal contract: Caravan/tent on seasonal contract means the rent of an area at a fixed price irrespective of use.

The total capacity for a camping site is the total number of huts and areas for tents/caravans or campers.

Standard classifications

Lodging turnover is exclusive of turnover for food, regardless of meals being included in the sales price.

There may be changes in capacity during the year. Based on information on bed and room capacity per month, the annual or seasonal capacity is calculated as a monthly average.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Accommodation
Topic: Transport and tourism

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Business Cycle Statistics

Regional level

Counties and municipalities, where several have been merged to publish figures.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly. Published 4-5 weeks after the end of the month. 

International reporting

Data are reported to Eurostat, the UN, and the OECD.

Microdata

Microdata is stored in Oracle databases and as files in SAS and ASCII format.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to measure the level and development in the guest nights at Norwegian collective accommodation establishments, which are an important part of the Norwegian tourism industry.

The accommodation statistics for hotels and similar establishments were established in 1950.
The accommodation statistics for camping sites were established in 1968.
The accommodation statistics for holiday dwellings were established in 1998.

Figures for Hostelling International Norway were published for the first time in Statistics Norway's annual publication in 1965 and included in Statistics Norway's monthly figures from July 2002.

The scope of the statistics has been revised several times. Further information is provided in chapter Production - comparability over time and space.

Users and applications

The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fishery, Innovation Norway (formerly the Norwegian Tourist Board), and trade organizations, research institutes, and international organizations such as Eurostat use the statistics.

Knowledge of the tourist traffic to Norway is important for research and for measuring the results of Norwegian marketing efforts abroad, and also form a basis for the Government's backing of tourism as a growth area.

The Division for National Accounts in Statistics Norway is also an important user.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Before this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

The Division for National Accounts uses the hotel data in their quarterly publishing.

The accommodation statistics are used to check the quality of the Travel- and Holiday Survey and the Structural Business Statistics for Hotels and Restaurants.

The accommodation statistics are also used for estimates in the quarterly turnover index for transport and tourism.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act of 1989, §§2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

REGULATION (EU) No 692/2011 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC

Production

Population

The statistics cover all hotels and similar establishments, camping sites with a capacity of at least 20 units in total capacity. This capacity includes places for campers, tents and bed places in camping huts. Holiday dwellings with a capacity of at least 10 beds, and all youth hostels.

Hotels: The statistics is based on monthly reporting of data on the number of guest nights by nationality and purpose of the stay.

For campingsites, holiday dwellings and youth hostels, the statistics is based on monthly reporting on either the number of unit nights or guest nights, by nationality. Figures are published only on guest nights, using factors reported by the establishments. 

The nationalities published are inline with the EU regulations, combined with selected countries based on needs by users. 

Data sources and sampling

Data reported directly from the establishment's booking systems and Internet questionnaire.

Total count for establishments that are larger than the threshold set out in Chapter Production - population. Data for minor establishments - above cut off - are anyway calculated.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The questionnaires are sent out at the end of the month M. The response deadline is the 10th of the month M+1.

All questionnaires and all data reported electronically are subject to logic and mathematical checks.

For non-respondents, missing values are calculated based on data from similar establishments in the same stratum.

There is a high statistical correlation between the share of business guest nights and the price of the room the hotel obtains in the market. This statistical correlation is used to calculate room revenue and other lodging revenue for establishments that have not submitted information on turnover.

About 2-3 per cent of the establishments do not respond. For these establishments, the number of guest nights and sales are calculated. These calculations are based on the assumption that non-respondents have the same utility of capacity for beds and rooms as the respondents within the same strata (hotel and region. With knowledge about capacity for all non-respondents, the number of guest nights can be calculated.

Seasonal adjustment

Figures are published in original forms. Some figures for hotels are seasonally adjusted by using X12ARIMA, http://www.ssb.no/maanedshefte/del1/kifig46n.shtml

Confidentiality

The accommodation statistics are released according to the directions given in the Statistics Act, section 2-6:

Information collected in accordance with any prescribed obligation to provide information, shall under no circumstances be published in such a way that it may be traced back to the supplier of any data or any other identifiable individual to the detriment of the person concerned, or to the unreasonable detriment of the latter if the supplier of the data or the individual is an undertaking of the kind mentioned in § 5-1 third paragraph[1] or a public organization.

Comparability over time and space

The hotel statistics were established in 1950. Due to several changes in the scope of the statistics, these are not comparable for the whole period. Except for two extensions (1990 and 1995), when more nationalities were included in the statistics, the hotel statistics are fully comparable from 1985. In connection with the revision of the Hotel Act in 1984, the approval system was removed and this increased the number of establishments. The statistical gap from 1984 to 1985 is documented in "Norsk Hotellnæring 1950 - 1990. Sosiale og økonomiske studier 77, Statistisk sentralbyrå" (Norwegian only).

The camping statistics were established in 1968 and were revised in 1988, 1996, and 1998.
In 1988, a register with information on opening hours and capacity was established, enabling estimates for non-respondents.

In 1996, more nationalities were included, in accordance with Council Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.

In 1998, the cover was extended to include overnight stays in caravans on seasonal contracts. The camping statistics were also extended to include the winter and autumn season and to include consecutive monthly publication. The camping statistics are therefore comparable from 1998.

The holiday dwelling statistics were established in 1998 and can be compared from 1998 to 2002. In 2002, some establishments in the hotel statistics were reclassified as holiday dwellings. As a result, the statistics are not comparable from 2002 to 2003.

The holiday dwellings and the camping sites reported their statistics in-unit nights (see Chapter Production - population). Unit nights were however converted to the number of guest nights based on empirical studies, indicating that an average family/travel company sharing a hut consists of three people. Since January 2013, the holiday dwellings and campsites have been asked to report guest nights. However, some camping sites have continued to report unit days. A major revision and correction of figures from such camping sites were carried out in June 2014. 

After a thorough revision of the figures reported by establishments, the establishments can from august 2020 report in unit nights and distribute the unit nights by nationality. This have lead to a better quality of the data being published, as well as the time spent by establishments to report the data have been decreased. 

From 2004, some larger holiday dwellings with larger huts report the number of guest nights instead. These holiday dwellings accommodate families/travel companies of more than three people. This has affected the comparability from 2003 to 2004.

From January 2013 the production of the statistics is severely changed. New cut off based on international regulations (cf. Population above). It is guest nights that are collected (not unit nights) and establishments ard identified in Business Register and some other business surveys. These have lead to more establishments in the population. Some establishments have changed NACE. Altogether the changes make data for camping and holiday dwellings NOT comparable with data from 2012 and before. Data for hotels are comparable, but use data on minor regional area, municipalities, with carefulness.

Figures for Svalbard have in 2013 been included in the ordinary tourism statistics twice. First Svalbard was included from March 2013.  In July 2013 figures for Svalbard were included for January and February in the Statistics Bank. Thes might lead to inconsistency between data for Norway in the bank, and data for Norway in the articles for January - May 2013.

During the change of reporting to the digital ALTINN platform in 2013, all establishments are asked to report data on arrivals. For those who report in unit nights, and therefore do not know arrivals, they are asked to give factors as well as the number of unique check-ins, for Statistics Norway to estimate these. 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In general, errors can occur when the questionnaire is being completed (respondents submit incorrect information).

Non-response: By the date, the questionnaires are due back the response rate is about 70 per cent. After reminders have been sent out the response increases to 97-98 per cent. Total and partial non-response are calculated automatically. Calculation or imputation of values for no-response establishments is based on previous reported data by the establishment combined with other establishments in the same stratum. Stratum is given by county. By imputation of values, there may be significant uncertainty which again may have a major impact on data at smaller regional areas.

Accommodation statistics updated its population regularly against Business Register since January 2013. New establishments, establishments that had changed their major activities were either added to or removed from the population. There may be a delay as well as errors and omissions in this process, which can reduce the comparability of data over time.

Guest nights for camping sites and holiday dwellings are in most cases based on assessments. Errors and omissions in reporting in one period uncovered in editing in later periods can reduce data comparability, especially for smaller regional areas. Such errors may in some cases be enlarged through the calculation of non-responses.

Revision

Not relevant