Updated: 5 December 2023
Next update: Not yet determined
|Total area (decares)||Sprayed area (decares)||Sprayed area (per cent)|
|Total||9 414 700||3 020 610||32.1|
|Barley||1 313 920||1 192 190||90.7|
|Oats||630 750||559 080||88.6|
|Oil seeds||30 120||21 040||69.9|
|Potato||118 960||116 350||97.8|
|Onion||9 030||8 840||97.9|
|Carrot||15 780||15 370||97.4|
|Strawberry||9 430||8 700||92.3|
|Apple||15 820||13 770||87.0|
|Meadows for mowing and pastures||6 514 230||369 020||5.7|
|Spring wheat||426 120||401 400||94.2|
|Winter wheat||326 610||311 410||95.3|
|Common cabbage||3 930||3 440||87.5|
About the statistics
The statistics show the use of pesticides and biological control agents in greenhouses and pesticide use in agriculture.
A single unit both technically and economically, which has single management and which produces agricultural products. The holding is independent of municipality boundaries. The agricultural holding's headquarter must be located to an agricultural property.
Plant protection product
Substance whose purpose is to protect against or hamper attack on plants from harmful organisms, like animal pests, fungi and weeds, which cause harm to living plants, parts of plants or seed. Pesticides also include inter alia growth regulators and substances that kill parts of a plant.
The survey does not include pesticides used for staining of seeds or juvenile plants before they are planted out.
Agricultural area in use
Agricultural land that is harvested at least once during a year, including planted area of permanent crops, where no harvest has been produced so far. Includes also arable land included in the crop rotation system with no intention to produce a harvest during the year, but which will be harvested the next year.
A plot of land is the part of a field (or its entirety) used for a specific crop or a combination of crops.
Spraying of part of plot, borderlines or against a particularly pest, e.g. nortern dock.
Meadows and pastureland
Includes cultivated and surface-cultivated meadow for mowing and pasturing including infield pasture.
Grain and oil-seeds
Includes barley, oats, spring wheat, winter wheat and oil-seeds. The survey does not include rye and triticale.
Taxes on pesticides
The taxes on pesticides consist of environmental taxes and control taxes.
The basic area treated defined as the physical area of the crop treated at least once with a given active substance or group of substances, independently of the number of applications.
Gross treated area
The aggregate area of all repeated applications of any given plant protection product or group of plant protection products.
Agricultural area in use (concerning the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops):
Potato, onion, cabbage, carrot, strawberry and apple area:
Meadows and pastureland, barley, oats, spring wheat, winter wheat and oil-seeds area:
Division for housing, property, spatial and agricultural statistics
Only statistics for the whole country.
The surveys are conducted at least once during a 5-year period.
Collected and revised data are stored securely by Statistics Norway in compliance with applicable legislation on data processing.
Statistics Norway can grant access to the source data (de-identified or anonymised microdata) on which the statistics are based, for researchers and public authorities for the purposes of preparing statistical results and analyses. Access can be granted upon application and subject to conditions. Refer to the details about this at Access to data from Statistics Norway.
The purpose of the survey, which is partly financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food, is to shed light on pesticide use in agriculture.
The survey results serve as input to national authorities when monitoring and assessing health and environmental hazards of pesticide use.
The first survey of pesticide usage on arable crops was carried out for 2001, whereas the first on greenhouses was carried out for 2008.
Public administration and research institutions within agriculture and the environmental sector as well as professional organizations in agriculture.
The survey are based on "Guidelines for the Collection of Pesticide Usage Statistics within Agriculture and Horticulture" and A common methodology for the collection of pesticide usage statistics within agriculture and horticulture; issued by Eurostat.
The statistics are developed, produced and disseminated pursuant to Act no. 32 of 21 June 2019 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway (the Statistics Act).
REGULATION (EC) No 1185/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 25 November 2009 concerning statistics on pesticides.
The survey of pesticide use in greenhouse production comprises the following crops: cut flowers, flowering potted plants, bedding plants, decorative plants, lettuce, herbs, tomatoes and cucumbers.
The survey of pesticide usage on arable crops comprises the following crops: potatoes, onions, common cabbage, carrots, strawberries, apples, meadows and pastureland, barley, oats, spring wheat, winter wheat and oil-seeds. These crops comprised about 96 per cent of total agricultural area in use. The basic population for the survey was holdings applying for governmental subsidies as per October.
The data have mainly been collected through sample surveys, with the exception of the survey on plant protection measures in 2020 for greenhouses, which was carried out as a full count. Area data from a survey concerning yield of crops in horticulture were used as frame for ornamental plants, lettuce, herbs, tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, common cabbage and carrots. For other crops, area data from the application for governmental subsidies were used as frame. Area data from these data sources were also used when presenting results from the survey.
The survey for greenhouses, which was a full count with a duty to answer, included 346 greenhouse companies. After dropouts and corrections of the population, one was left with 328 companies.
The gross sample for the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops included 4097 holdings in 2022.
The sample for the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops was drawn in three steps:
- In step 1, the crops were ranged from the crop with fewest holdings to the crop with most holdings.
- In step 2 a measure for expected total use of pesticides per holding was estimated. Within each crop this load was proportionally distributed according to agricultural area of the holding (4 classes). The number of units in each sub-sample (crop) were proportionally distributed according to this distribution.
- In step 3 the holdings within each area class were sorted by number of crops and load before drawing the sample.
Data for the survey of pesticide use in greenhouse production was collected electronically. The questionnaire was made available to the respondents in March. The questionnaires were registered and then edited with aid of a computerized error-detection program. Editing is defined here as checking, examining and amending data.
Data for the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops was collected electronically to the person who according to the application for production subsidies was holder of the holding. The questionnaire was sent to the respondents in March of the following year. Two reminders were sent.
The questionnaires were edited with aid of a computerized error-detection program. Data from applications for agricultural production subsidies were used during the control.
Concerning the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops the holdings in the population and in the sample were stratified by agricultural area in use (4 classes) and area of the surveyed crop (4 classes). The estimated weights had to give the correct number of holdings by agricultural area in use and by area of the surveyed crop. Furthermore, the weights had to give the correct area of the surveyed crops by the same stratification.
The holdings in the sample and in the population were stratified by utilized agricultural area (4 classes) and area of surveyed crops (4 classes). The estimated weights should give the correct number of holdings by utilized agricultural area and by area of the surveyed crops. Furthermore, the estimated weights should give the correct area of the surveyed crops by the same classification.
Employees of Statistics Norway have a duty of confidentiality.
Statistics Norway does not publish figures if there is a risk of the respondent’s contribution being identified. This means that, as a general rule, figures are not published if fewer than three units form the basis of a cell in a table or if the contribution of one or two respondents constitutes a very large part of the cell total.
Statistics Norway can make exceptions to the general rule if deemed necessary to meet the requirements of the EEA agreement, if the respondent is a public authority, if the respondent has consented to this, or when the information disclosed is openly accessible to the public.
More information can be found on Statistics Norway’s website under Methods in official statistics, in the ‘Confidentiality’ section.
The first survey of pesticide use in greenhouse production was carried out in 2008. The surveys conducted in 2012, 2015 and 2020 had different methodology and the results are not directly comparable.
Surveys using the same methodology concerning pesticide usage on arable crops in Norway were carried out in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2017 and 2022.
Although measurement errors from the respondent may occur, the extent has not been investigated. Errors in connection with processing are expected to occur.
Farmers have to register use of pesticides in a log-book (fields and crops treated, pesticide products, doses and time of spraying). The farmers can use this information when completing the questionnaire.