Reduction in the population growth
Population;Population;Immigration and immigrants
folkemengde, Population, population, inhabitants, mean population, increase in population, marital status (for example married, single, divorced), age, sexPopulation, Children, families and households, Population count, Population, Immigration and immigrants

Population1 January 2002



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Reduction in the population growth

At the turn of the year 4 524 0001 people were resident in Norway. The growth in the population was 20 600 in 2001. This is 4 300 less than the year before. This constituted a 0.4 percentage increase. The low numbers of births last year mainly causes this result, but also the immigration from abroad was significantly reduced.

There was a population increase of about 20 600 persons last year. That is the lowest increase in the population since 1990. The natural increase of people, this means that the surplus of births- was at 12 500 (preliminary numbers). We have to go back to 1988 to find a lower surplus of births.

The following counties; Nordland (800), Finnmark (350), Sogn og Fjordane (310), Oppland (180), Troms (100), Hordaland (60) and Hedmark (30) had a reduction in the population compared with the year before. On the other hand, the highest increase in the population was in the counties of Rogaland (6 100), Akershus (5 300) and Oslo (3 800).

The Age group 40-69 years had the highest increase

The age group 40- 69 years which is also the oldest working age group, registered noticeable increase last year, with 22 700 persons. The population of children in school, that is 6-19 years, had a slight increase, while the population between 20-29 was reduced with 12 700. This is caused by reduced birth rates during the 1970's. One consequence is that the amount of potential parents has been reduced in the population, and this will probably lead to a lower number of births over the next year.

The number of "young pensioners" declined last year, while the numbers in the age group 80 years and older increased with 4 500. At the turn of the year 8 per cent of the population were 6 years and younger and this is a decline of 4 000 since last year. The reduction was caused mainly as a result of a lower number of births in 2001.

1  The figure was corrected 24 February 2003.
Municipalities with the highest percentages of
0-5 year olds
Municipality Children 0-5 years in per cent of total population
1246 Fjell 10,81
1120 Klepp 10,68
1142 Rennesøy 10,43
2012 Alta 10,40
1026 åseral 10,31
1122 Gjesdal 10,17
1836 Rødøy 10,14
1146 Tysvær 10,03
1127 Randaberg 9,98
1662 Klæbu 9,95
1119 Hå 9,91
1256 Meland 9,81
1247 Askøy 9,80
1432 Førde 9,75
1516 Ulstein 9,72
0233 Nittedal 9,64
1222 Fitjar 9,55
1102 Sandnes 9,52
1124 Sola 9,49
1121 Time 9,48
Municipalities with the highest percentages of
inhabitants 80 years and over
Municipality Elderly 80 years and over in per cent of total population
1915 Bjarkøy 12,45
0432 Rendalen 9,25
1917 Ibestad 9,21
1227 Jondal 9,17
1234 Granvin 9,13
1524 Norddal 9,08
1644 Holtålen 8,94
1842 Skjerstad 8,61
1867 Bø 8,45
1613 Snillfjord 8,43
1412 Solund 8,36
1838 Gildeskål 8,26
1223 Tysnes 8,23
1265 Fedje 8,18
1567 Rindal 8,16
1151 Utsira 8,15
1417 Vik 8,13
0121 Rømskog 7,91
1633 Osen 7,90
1636 Meldal 7,88

Many children in Rogaland, most elderly people in Hedmark

Comprehensive changes in the age groups in the population make consequences for a community, when different age groups need different services. The age distribution is not identical throughout the country. Rogaland has the largest number of children that is pre- school in the population, 9 per cent. The national average is 7.9. The same result has Troms, Akershus and Finnmark. Those counties had also less number of persons 80 years and older, the proportion is less than 4 per cent each. The national average is 4.5 per cent. The largest number of people older than 80 years in the population is in Hedmark with 5.4 per cent.

Half of the population is not married

A decreasing number of the population is married. Over the years the group not married and divorced is getting larger. At the turn of the New Year 49 per cent of the population was not married, 37 per cent married and 14 per cent married before (widows/widowers, separated and divorced).


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