More men than women for first time
Population;Population;Immigration and immigrants
folkemengde, Population, population, inhabitants, mean population, increase in population, marital status (for example married, single, divorced), age, sexPopulation, Children, families and households, Population count, Population, Immigration and immigrants

Population1 January 2011



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More men than women for first time

In the population, which now counts 4 920 300, more men than women have been registered for the first time, with a margin of 1 400. The oldest figures broken down by sex are from the population census in 1769. The change from female to male surplus is a result of different demographic conditions over the last hundred years, but migration to and from abroad in the last five years has been most important.

Females per 1 000 males. 1769-2011

The change from a surplus of women in excess of 36 000 five years ago to a surplus of males of 1 400 at the turn of the year, is a result of different demographic conditions. The fact that 4-6 per cent more boys than girls are born every year contributes to reducing the female surplus. Furthermore, we have had the particular situation since 1997 that more women than men have died, which is connected with the fact that there are more females than males at the ages where people mostly die. This is due to the strong falling birth figures in the first 15 years after 1920, and because these women live about 6-7 years longer than men. Nevertheless, the absolute most important reason for the change to male surplus is the migration to and from abroad, which since 2005 has contributed to the male surplus in the population by about 20 000.

In a historical perspective, the female surplus has varied considerably; between 1 100 females per 1 000 males in 1769 and 1 007 in 1960, but women have always been in the majority. After the mid-1960s, the figure increased to 1 022 females per 1 000 males around 1990, and then decreased again. Measured in persons, the surplus of women was highest in 1910, with more than 87 000, while in 1960 it was above 12 000.

Polish citizens are the largest group

The number of foreign citizens grew by 35 400 to 369 300 from 2010 to 1 January 2011, and accounted for 7.5 per cent of the total population at the end of the year. Only in the year 2008 has the growth of foreign citizens been higher, with 36 700. The number of Polish citizens grew the most in 2010, as has been the case every year since2004. A total of 55 200 Polish citizens lived in Norway on 1 January; 8 500 more than the year before. Swedish citizens followed as the next largest group, with 39 200 residents, followed by Germans with 22 400 residents, Danish with 20 900 and Lithuanians with 16 400.

The highest growth in the number of foreigners after the Poles was the Lithuanian and Swedish citizens, with 6 000 and 3 400 respectively.

Females/males in the three largest groups with foreign citizenship. 1 January 2006 and 1 January 2011

Foreign citizens. Municipality. Per cent. 1 January 2011

Many Polish men and Swedish women

Of the foreign citizens, 53 per cent were men. The corresponding figure in 2006 was 49 per cent. This change is due to the many male Polish citizens aged 30-39 years who have come here to work. Men in this age group accounted for 25 per cent of all Polish citizens resident in Norway.

While Polish men made up the largest group of male foreigners, Swedish women formed the largest group among women. In the age group 20-29 years there were a few more women than men among Swedish citizens, while the men were in the majority among Swedish citizens aged 30-66 years.

Seen in relation to the population, there were most foreign citizens in the municipalities Træna, Hemsedal, Oslo and Fjaler, with respectively 15.5, 15.0, 13.5 and 13 per cent. There were fewest in Bindal, Åfjord, Beiarn and Rindal, where they represented less than 1.5 per cent of the population.

It is particularly immigration and emigration, but also the transition to Norwegian citizenship that leads to changes in the number of residents with foreign citizenship.

;>Population by age, sex and marital status.  1 January 2011

;>Population by age, sex and marital status.  1 January 2011

Residents on map

99.8 per cent of the population can now be placed on a map. This makes it possible to illustrate the population structure using grids.


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