333 900 foreign citizens
Population;Population;Immigration and immigrants
folkemengde, Population, population, inhabitants, mean population, increase in population, marital status (for example married, single, divorced), age, sexPopulation, Children, families and households, Population count, Population, Immigration and immigrants

Population1 January 2010



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333 900 foreign citizens

At the beginning of this year, the number of foreign citizens in Norway was 333 900, which is 6.9 per cent of the population. The increase in foreign citizens in 2009 was 31 000. Polish citizens constitute the largest group of foreign citizens in Norway, followed by the Swedish, and German citizens have now surpassed Danish as the third largest group.

Two in three are European

Sixty-six per cent of all foreign citizens in Norway have European citizenship, 19 per cent have Asian citizenship and 9 per cent have Africa citizenship. Seventy-five per cent of the increase in the number of foreign citizens was due to Europeans. The 5 300 Icelandic citizens living in Norway – 1.7 per cent of the population of Iceland – would correspond to 82 600 Norwegian citizens living in for example Denmark.

Migration and granting of Norwegian citizenship affect the number of foreign citizens. A person is normally granted Norwegian citizenship after a certain length of residence. Since the mid-1980s, a large majority of those who have applied for and have been granted Norwegian citizenship have been non-European citizens. The majority of immigrants from Vietnam are Norwegian citizens, whereas only a small share of those who have migrated from Sweden have changed citizenship.

Foreign citizens. County. Per cent. 1 January 2010.

Foreign citizens by continent. 1 January 2010.

Polish citizens are the largest group

As in every year since 2004, the number of Polish citizens increased the most last year. The 46 700 Polish citizens in Norway make up the largest group of foreign citizens, and their number increased by 7 500 last year. The 35 800 Swedish citizens are the second largest group, whereas German citizens (20 800) during 2009 surpassed Danish citizens (20 700) as the third largest group. The groups with the largest increase were Polish, Swedish, Lithuanian, German and Eritrean citizens. A few groups had a decrease, the largest of which was among the Iranian citizens (300 fewer than last year).

Where in Norway do foreign citizens live?

Oslo, Rogaland and Akershus counties have the highest numbers of foreign citizens. In these counties foreign citizens make up 13 (Oslo) and 8 per cent of the population respectively. Forty-five per cent of all foreign citizens in Norway live in these three counties. The county with the smallest amount of foreign citizens is Nord-Trøndelag.

Age distribution. Citizenships. Continent. Per cent. 1 January 2010.

Age distribution among selected citizenships. 2010.

Sex and age – large differences between the groups

There are considerable differences in the sex and age structure of various groups of foreign citizens. Of the Greek, Polish and Slovakian citizens, 70 per cent are men. Among the Thai and Filipino citizens, on the other hand, only 15 to 18 per cent are men. Whereas 36 per cent of African citizens are below 20 years of age, only 10 per cent of North or Central American citizens are in this age group.

Whereas one in three from North or Central America are 50 years or over, this only applies to 4 per cent of African citizens.

On 1 January 2009 the Marriage Act was changed in such a way that two persons of the same sex can be married, and new partnerships were abolished. Persons already in a partnership can change their partnership to a marriage, or continue their partnership. The reason there were 1 466 fewer registered partnerships on 1 January 2010 compared to 2009 is due to the new Marriage Act and the fact that many did change their partnership to a marriage.

Population, after age, sex and marital status. 1st January 2010.


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