Lowest wage growth for young people
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
lonnansatt, Earnings, occupational groups, public sector, private sector, wage increase, salary, annual wage, monthly wage,Earnings and labour costs, Labour market and earnings, Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants




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Lowest wage growth for young people

Full-time employees earned an average of NOK 4900 more per month in 2001 than in 1997. The age group below 25 had the lowest increase, about NOK 3000. Wage increases were higher for men than for women and highest in the industry oil and gas extraction.

The average monthly earnings for all full-time employees have increased by 24.1 per cent or NOK 4 900 in the period from 1997 to 2001. The monthly earning amounted to about NOK 20 700 in the third quarter 1997 compared with about NOK 25 600 in the corresponding period in 2001. Monthly earnings comprise basic paid salary, variable additional allowances as well as bonuses and commissions etc., but do not include payment for overtime work.

In 1998 and 2000 the wage increases were somewhat higher than in the other years in the period. The change in monthly earnings was clearly highest from the autumn of 1997 to the autumn of 1998, as much as 7.8 per cent from NOK 20 700 to NOK 22 300. The growth in monthly earnings was otherwise somewhat lower in the following years with 4.1 per cent as the lowest between 1998 and 1999. The exception is the development for women that had a relatively high wage growth in 2001, somewhat higher than in the two preceding years.

Main industry groups

Full-time employees in oil and gas extraction and mining had the strongest growth in monthly earnings in this period, 26.5 per cent or NOK 8 000. Monthly earnings increased from NOK 30 200 in 1997 to NOK 38 200 in 2001 whereas the increase for employees in the private health and social work sector was 20.1 per cent, about NOK 3 600. These employees had monthly earnings of NOK 18 100 in 1997 compared with about NOK 21 700 in 2001.

In manufacturing average monthly earnings were NOK 20 000 in October 1997 compared with 24 400 in the corresponding period in 2001, an increase of 22.1 per cent. For full-time central government employees the growth was 25.1 per cent or NOK 5 100 in the same period, from about NOK 20 300 to NOK 25 400.

Full-time employees in private education had a growth in monthly salary of about NOK 4 400 or 20.8 per cent from NOK 21 100 in 1997 to about NOK 25 400 in 2001. For the personnel in public education the average monthly earnings increased from NOK 20 600 in 1997 to about 26 100 in 2001, an increase of NOK 5 500 or 26.5 per cent.

Education and age

About 50 per cent of all full-time employees have as the highest level of education a secondary school education. This group of employees had a monthly salary of NOK 23 600 in 2001, which is an increase of 22.7 per cent or NOK 4 400 from 1997.

The group with up to four years of education at a college or university level had the highest salary increase, 25.7 per cent or NOK 5 900. This group had monthly earnings of NOK 28 700 in the autumn of 2001. The group with at least four years of education at the college or university level had a somewhat lower growth, 25.2 per cent. This means an increase of monthly earnings of NOK 7 200, from NOK 28 600 in 1997 to NOK 35 700 in 2001.

The age group between 40 and 60 had the highest average monthly earnings with NOK 27 000 in the autumn of 2001. Full-time employees 24 years of age or younger had lowest monthly earnings with NOK 15 600 in the autumn of 1997 and NOK 18 600 in 2001. This is the age group with the lowest growth in the five-year period with about NOK 3 000, 19.3 per cent.

About the statistical basis

The statistics are based on information from a sample of enterprises, which cover a total of 794 724 full-time employees the third quarter 2001. The statistics cover all main industrial groups except the primary industries and hotel and restaurant activities. According to preliminary figures from the quarterly national accounts - as of the third quarter 2001 - the statistics cover about 2 030 000 employees.