331418
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/innvregsys/aar
331418
statistikk
2018-03-13T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
en
innvregsys, Employment among immigrants, register-based, immigrant background, country background, period of residence, employees, occupational groups, self-employed, industries (for example manufacturing, public administration, restaurants)Employment , Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings
true

Employment among immigrants, register-based

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

65 %

of the immigrants aged 20-66 years are employed Q4 2017

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Employed (20-66 years), by immigrant category, world region and sex. 4th quarter

Employed (20-66 years), by immigrant category, world region and sex. 4th quarter1
20162017Change last twelve months
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales2016 - 2017
Both sexesMalesFemales
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
Population in total2 414 1561 265 8801 148 2762 444 5151 282 9091 161 60630 35917 02913 330
Non-immigrant population2 030 8001 051 956978 8442 044 1071 060 295983 81213 3078 3394 968
Immigrants383 356213 924169 432400 408222 614177 79417 0528 6908 362
The Nordic countries44 40923 31421 09543 58122 83720 744-828-477-351
Western Europe else41 28725 28516 00241 96625 56816 398679283396
EU countries in Eastern Europe116 65674 67941 977121 39677 14844 2484 7402 4692 271
Eastern Europe else32 55514 45318 10234 50115 37419 1271 9469211 025
Africa32 75219 61513 13735 99921 65614 3433 2472 0411 206
Asia97 20947 69249 517103 67350 80052 8736 4643 1083 356
North-America and Oceania6 3423 5542 7886 5103 6482 8621689474
South- and Central-Amerika12 1465 3326 81412 7825 5837 199636251385
 
Population in total74.876.672.975.377.273.30.50.60.4
Non-immigrant population77.278.775.777.779.276.10.50.50.4
Immigrants64.067.560.165.068.661.01.01.10.9
The Nordic countries78.979.478.479.379.978.60.40.50.2
Western Europe else73.275.470.073.975.970.90.70.50.9
EU countries in Eastern Europe72.474.569.073.775.770.41.31.21.4
Eastern Europe else65.668.363.667.370.365.01.72.01.4
Africa46.049.741.448.653.242.92.63.51.5
Asia55.359.451.956.159.952.90.80.51.0
North-America and Oceania66.772.061.067.472.761.70.70.70.7
South- and Central-Amerika64.268.861.065.870.762.51.61.91.5

Table 2 
Employed (20-66 years), by immigrant category, world region and age. 4th quarter.

Employed (20-66 years), by immigrant category, world region and age. 4th quarter.1
2017
Total20-24 years25-29 years30-39 years40-66 years
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
Absolute figures
Population in total2 444 515214 697280 390568 1771 381 251
Other population2 020 208184 315225 316416 5701 194 007
Immigrants, total400 40822 26348 254145 444184 447
The Nordic countries43 5811 7055 50712 86723 502
Western Europe else41 9661 4993 61112 47124 385
EU countries in Eastern Europe121 3965 21415 78351 34649 053
Eastern Europe else34 5011 9984 66012 32515 518
North-America and Oceania6 5101616592 0763 614
Asia103 6737 88812 24536 10747 433
Africa35 9993 3064 82213 49414 377
South- and Central-Amerika12 7824929674 7586 565
 
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents23 8998 1196 8206 1632 797
The Nordic countries1 546184208350804
Western Europe else1 117122173273549
EU countries in Eastern Europe995139196262398
Eastern Europe else1 7261 062350173141
North-America and Oceania173162234101
Asia15 0285 2124 7424 364710
Africa2 4481 09574154666
South- and Central-Amerika86628938816128
 
Per cent
Population in total75.360.475.580.375.6
Other population77.864.879.685.277.5
Immigrants, total65.038.260.969.165.6
The Nordic countries79.361.176.684.079.3
Western Europe else73.959.467.278.976.9
EU countries in Eastern Europe73.738.169.675.574.8
Eastern Europe else67.349.069.874.163.1
North-America and Oceania67.433.961.072.369.1
Asia56.153.452.760.855.1
Africa48.638.142.252.550.8
South- and Central-Amerika65.818.861.070.564.6
 
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents69.160.273.276.374.8
The Nordic countries74.157.071.784.376.0
Western Europe else72.848.270.682.278.0
EU countries in Eastern Europe69.851.372.378.272.6
Eastern Europe else71.367.975.979.078.8
North-America and Oceania66.842.162.970.873.2
Asia69.460.874.675.872.3
Africa61.954.467.472.774.2
South- and Central-Amerika68.463.570.073.571.8

Table 3 
Employed immigrants (15-74 years) by world region and period of residence in Norway. 4th quarter

Employed immigrants (15-74 years) by world region and period of residence in Norway. 4th quarter1
2017
Group 1: EU/EFTA, North-America, Australia and New ZealandGroup 2: Europe except EU/EFTA, Asia, Turkey, Africa, South- and Central-America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
Absolute figures
Less than 1 year9 5863 759
1 - 2 years11 1756 115
2 - 3 years12 8546 843
2 - 4 years14 2856 918
4 - 5 years15 2608 293
5 - 6 years15 5419 240
6 - 7 years17 1988 461
7 - 10 years42 71224 710
10 - 15 years33 01832 973
10 - 15 years41 78179 686
 
Per cent
Less than 1 year70.225.1
1 - 2 years69.128.8
2 - 3 years67.040.8
2 - 4 years67.949.1
4 - 5 years70.455.2
5 - 6 years72.559.4
6 - 7 years74.663.7
7 - 10 years77.965.8
10 - 15 years80.965.4
10 - 15 years77.061.0

Table 4 
Employed immigrants (20-66 years), by country of birth and sex. 4th quarter

Employed immigrants (20-66 years), by country of birth and sex. 4th quarter1
2017
Absolute figuresPer cent
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
All immigrants400 407222 614177 79365.068.661.0
Denmark10 1895 9774 21276.778.374.5
Finland3 5971 3182 27974.270.176.8
Iceland4 1822 2221 96074.376.272.2
Sweden25 16613 09312 07382.382.781.9
Bosnia-Herzegovina8 2534 2134 04070.172.068.2
Kosovo5 8033 3052 49861.966.856.4
Latvia6 1733 6272 54670.570.770.1
Lithuania25 15315 2199 93474.676.272.4
Netherlands4 5282 6981 83077.980.374.5
Poland65 37544 28521 09075.177.470.7
Romania8 8145 0623 75269.571.866.6
Russia9 3872 8846 50364.464.064.6
United Kingdom7 5405 4662 07472.375.465.2
Turkey5 6823 7431 93954.864.042.9
Germany15 0808 3256 75578.180.075.9
Eritrea7 6974 8502 84746.448.842.9
Ethiopia3 8102 0141 79656.959.953.8
Morocco2 6241 5871 03749.756.741.8
Somalia8 6015 6392 96239.048.228.7
Afghanistan6 8344 9651 86957.470.238.7
Philippines12 9542 47510 47970.179.768.2
India6 1273 7992 32863.672.752.8
Iraq9 6846 0573 62748.253.141.6
Iran8 7314 8523 87957.159.154.9
China4 6752 0422 63360.665.757.1
Myanmar1 81393388067.569.465.7
Pakistan9 0566 0872 96952.769.635.2
Sri Lanka6 0393 3182 72172.176.567.5
Syria3 3872 76961820.425.510.7
Thailand11 0101 1459 86567.466.367.5
Vietnam7 8323 6094 22363.366.460.8
United States4 1002 1271 97365.270.460.4
Chile3 6371 9651 67267.369.964.6

Table 5 
Employed (20-66 years), by immigrant category, world region and economic sector. 4th quarter

Employed (20-66 years), by immigrant category, world region and economic sector. 4th quarter1
Total amountCentral governmentMunicipal and County governmentPrivate sector and public companies
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
2016
Total2 414 156286 373501 8541 625 929
Population without immigrant-background2 009 154253 826438 6261 316 702
All immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents405 00232 54763 228309 227
Group 1: EU/EFTA, North-America, Australia and New Zealand212 38515 89921 385175 101
Group 2: Europe except EU/EFTA, Asia, Turkey, Africa, South- and Central-America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand192 61716 64841 843134 126
 
2017
Total2 444 515286 908511 2771 646 330
Population without immigrant-background2 020 208253 433443 6901 323 085
All immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents424 30733 47567 587323 245
Group 1: EU/EFTA, North-America, Australia and New Zealand217 24116 17722 313178 751
Group 2: Europe except EU/EFTA, Asia, Turkey, Africa, South- and Central-America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand207 06617 29845 274144 494
 
2016
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0
Population without immigrant-background83.288.687.481.0
All immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents16.811.412.619.0
Group 1: EU/EFTA, North-America, Australia and New Zealand8.85.64.310.8
Group 2: Europe except EU/EFTA, Asia, Turkey, Africa, South- and Central-America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand8.05.88.38.2
 
2017
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0
Population without immigrant-background82.688.386.880.4
All immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents17.411.713.219.6
Group 1: EU/EFTA, North-America, Australia and New Zealand8.95.64.410.9
Group 2: Europe except EU/EFTA, Asia, Turkey, Africa, South- and Central-America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand8.56.08.98.8

Table 6 
Employed (20-66 years), by country group and place of residence. 4th quarter

Employed (20-66 years), by country group and place of residence. 4th quarter1
2017Change in absolute figures, all immigrants
Population in totalNon-immigrant populationEmployed immigrants
All immigrantsGroup 1: EU/EFTA, North-America, Australia and New ZealandGroup 2: Europe except EU/EFTA, Asia, Turkey, Africa, South- and Central-America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand2016 - 2017
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
The whole country2 444 5152 044 107400 408213 409186 99917 051
Østfold125 598106 05319 5459 8939 6523 925
Akershus289 211230 56758 64431 29727 3472 139
Oslo342 667248 72393 94440 74453 200500
Hedmark85 99277 3258 6675 0273 640455
Oppland85 60576 8418 7644 9733 7911 317
Buskerud129 349105 16924 18013 45610 724853
Vestfold109 15393 40815 7459 3586 387501
Telemark74 91266 1838 7294 3314 398158
Aust-Agder48 98543 1605 8253 3142 511539
Vest-Agder81 40570 73310 6725 1365 536827
Rogaland219 346181 81037 53622 20815 3281 226
Hordaland243 881208 84635 03520 72114 31477
Sogn og Fjordane50 92844 7976 1314 2161 915586
Møre og Romsdal121 292104 96716 32510 7335 5921 149
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)153 358134 07219 28610 8168 470287
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)61 03955 9675 0722 7652 307663
Nordland108 95097 81111 1395 9805 159438
Troms - Romsa78 29368 5399 7545 4774 27780
Finnmark - Finnmárku34 55129 1365 4152 9642 451178
 
Per centPer centPer centPer centChange in percentage points
The whole country75.377.765.074.656.71.0
Østfold70.873.060.873.951.41.8
Akershus78.180.370.578.363.21.2
Oslo75.280.464.375.657.70.9
Hedmark73.775.361.872.651.20.9
Oppland75.977.663.875.253.31.0
Buskerud75.778.266.676.857.10.7
Vestfold72.874.464.374.853.40.4
Telemark72.174.458.770.550.40.8
Aust-Agder70.172.158.170.147.40.0
Vest-Agder72.475.158.970.651.00.9
Rogaland75.778.365.173.156.21.1
Hordaland76.078.265.172.656.70.9
Sogn og Fjordane79.681.468.277.853.61.2
Møre og Romsdal76.678.367.174.256.81.1
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)76.578.664.574.155.40.5
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)76.278.060.672.650.61.4
Nordland75.078.064.273.156.41.4
Troms - Romsa76.476.568.373.662.50.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku73.875.267.070.163.60.0

Table 7 
People (20-66 years), by world region, sex and labour force status. 4th quarter

People (20-66 years), by world region, sex and labour force status. 4th quarter1
2017
TotalOutside the labour forceWage earningSelf employedUnemployed
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
2Turkey included.
The whole population
Total100.023.171.83.41.6
Males100.021.072.54.71.8
Females100.025.371.22.11.4
 
Of which immigrants
Total100.031.462.03.03.6
The Nordic countries100.019.175.83.51.6
Western Europe else100.023.870.43.52.4
EU countries in Eastern Europe100.021.970.03.74.4
Eastern Europe else100.029.265.22.13.5
North-America and Oceania100.031.063.24.21.6
Asia2100.040.553.03.13.4
Africa100.046.647.51.14.8
South- and Central-Amerika100.030.863.22.63.4
 
Males
Total100.027.764.83.83.7
The Nordic countries100.018.175.64.32.0
Western Europe else100.021.472.23.72.6
EU countries in Eastern Europe100.019.971.64.14.4
Eastern Europe else100.026.567.42.93.2
North-America and Oceania100.025.568.24.51.8
Asia2100.036.755.44.53.4
Africa100.041.951.61.74.9
South- and Central-Amerika100.025.867.13.63.5
 
Females
Total100.035.558.92.13.5
The Nordic countries100.020.176.02.61.2
Western Europe else100.027.267.83.11.9
EU countries in Eastern Europe100.025.267.43.14.4
Eastern Europe else100.031.363.61.43.7
North-America and Oceania100.036.957.93.81.4
Asia2100.043.751.01.93.5
Africa100.052.442.50.54.7
South- and Central-Amerika100.034.260.61.93.3

Table 8 
Employed immigrants (15-74 years) by world region and industry division. 4th quarter

Employed immigrants (15-74 years) by world region and industry division. 4th quarter1
2017
Employed immigrants
In per cent of employed in total within each industry groupTotalThe Nordic countriesWestern Europe elseEU countries in Eastern EuropeEastern Europe elseNorth-America and OceaniaAsia2AfricaSouth- and Central-Amerika
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
2Including Turkey.
Total15.6410 54744 94743 335123 22635 2806 745106 76137 17513 078
01-03 ... Agriculture, forestry and fishing8.95 1635305003 0593766542215160
05-09 ... Mining and quarrying10.95 7806731 8657394282721 182261360
10-33 ... Manufacture17.536 2612 9943 77516 5972 7114767 0841 783841
35-39 ... Power and water supply, sewerage/remediation activities8.72 6473243031 1872303034216665
41-43 ... Construction19.342 4013 5013 17428 8882 7032502 602821462
45-47 ... Domestic trade12.945 3466 4683 71610 7334 66847814 3953 6161 272
47 ... Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles13.426 7843 4441 8874 4343 14023910 1242 687829
49-53 ... Transportation and storage19.025 8012 0741 7507 8751 7681547 7294 027424
49.3 ... Other passenger land transport34.810 6992983951 880719174 6422 617131
55 ... Accommodation41.011 0778659843 788721673 0601 175417
56 ... Food and beverage service activities42.328 1942 0492 3035 7891 33531713 2672 250884
58-63 ... Information and communication12.010 7122 0601 9051 1161 1015263 179412413
64-66 ... Financial and insurance activities6.22 7857954182783389165611396
68-75 ... Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities13.021 2753 4164 4534 2221 9168644 4851 216703
77-82 ... Administrative and support service activities34.344 6382 2902 31019 9543 13827810 0695 1451 454
78.2 ... Temporary employment agency activities38.715 2578407448 9668621062 2281 179332
81.2 ... Cleaning activities68.316 8032194257 6241 061244 1312 625694
84 ... Public administration and defence: compulsory social security5.99 8181 5381 2061 2851 5421572 7431 023324
85 ... Education10.923 5463 1295 2802 8222 4391 2665 6251 8631 122
86-88 ... Human health and social work activities14.176 8579 6827 00510 6558 43187224 83111 9193 462
90-99 ... Other service activities14.815 3242 2842 0773 3841 2645024 0501 125638
00 ... Unspecified19.22 873270304842169791 02510480

Table 9 
Employed (15-74 years) by immigrant background, world region and age. 4th quarter

Employed (15-74 years) by immigrant background, world region and age. 4th quarter1
2017
20-66 years20-24 years25-39 years40-54 years55-66 years
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
2Including Turkey.
Absolute figures
Population in total2 444 517214 697848 569895 575485 676
Non-immigrant population2 044 109192 434654 871751 551445 253
Immigrants, total400 40822 263193 698144 02440 423
The Nordic Countries43 5811 70518 37416 0877 415
Western Europe except the Nordic Countries and Turkey41 9661 49916 08217 8906 495
EU members in Eastern Europe121 3965 21467 12940 9288 125
Eastern Europe outside of EU34 5011 99816 98511 8813 637
North America and Oceania6 5101612 7352 4221 192
Asia2103 6737 88848 35237 8479 586
Africa35 9993 30618 31612 1422 235
South and Central America12 7824925 7254 8271 738
 
Per cent
Population in total75.362.778.681.866.4
Non-immigrant population77.764.682.984.767.8
Immigrants, total65.049.766.969.654.4
The Nordic Countries79.360.481.784.669.8
Western Europe except the Nordic Countries and Turkey73.938.276.080.668.4
EU members in Eastern Europe73.761.174.077.364.4
Eastern Europe outside of EU67.359.472.969.548.4
North America and Oceania67.433.969.272.962.6
Asia256.149.058.560.241.3
Africa48.638.149.454.138.2
South and Central America65.853.468.768.455.9

Table 10 
Employed immigrants (15-74 years) by world region and industry division. 4th quarter

Employed immigrants (15-74 years) by world region and industry division. 4th quarter1
2017
Employed in totalEmployed immigrantsOf this:
The Nordic countriesWestern Europe elseEU countries in Eastern EuropeEastern Europe elseNorth-America and OceaniaAsiaAfricaSouth- and Central-Amerika
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
01-03 ... Agriculture, forestry and fishing2.01.31.21.22.51.11.00.40.40.5
05-09 ... Mining and quarrying2.01.41.54.30.61.24.01.10.72.8
10-33 ... Manufacture7.98.86.78.713.57.77.16.64.86.4
35-39 ... Power and water supply, sewerage/remediation activities1.20.60.70.71.00.70.40.30.40.5
41-43 ... Construction8.410.37.87.323.47.73.72.42.23.5
45-47 ... Domestic trade13.311.014.48.68.713.27.113.59.79.7
49-53 ... Transportation and storage5.26.34.64.06.45.02.37.210.83.2
49.3 ... Other passenger land transport1.22.60.70.91.52.00.34.37.01.0
55 ... Accommodation1.02.71.92.33.12.01.02.93.23.2
56 ... Food and beverage service activities2.56.94.65.34.73.84.712.46.16.8
58-63 ... Information and communication3.42.64.64.40.93.17.83.01.13.2
64-66 ... Financial and insurance activities1.70.71.81.00.21.01.30.60.30.7
68-75 ... Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities6.35.27.610.33.45.412.84.23.35.4
77-82 ... Administrative and support service activities5.010.95.15.316.28.94.19.413.811.1
78.2 ... Temporary employment agency activities1.53.73.41.77.32.41.62.13.22.5
81.2 ... Cleaning activities0.94.10.51.06.23.00.43.97.15.3
84 ... Public administration and defence: compulsory social security6.42.43.42.81.04.42.32.62.82.5
85 ... Education8.25.77.012.22.36.918.85.35.08.6
86-88 ... Human health and social work activities20.818.721.516.28.623.912.923.332.126.5
90-99 ... Other service activities3.93.75.14.82.73.67.43.83.04.9
00 ... Unspecified0.60.70.60.70.70.51.21.00.30.6

Table 11 
Wage earners not registered as resident (15-74 years old). 4th quarter.

Wage earners not registered as resident (15-74 years old). 4th quarter.
4th quarter 20164th quarter 2017Changes last year
Employed persons 20-66 yearsEmployed persons 20-66 years4th quarter 2016 - 4th quarter 2017
All countries78 13982 5794 440
Norway3 6723 411-261
The Nordic countries else22 44120 325-2 116
Western Europe else7 1877 478291
EU countries in Eastern Europe40 90247 1136 211
Of which:
Poland20 53324 0893 556
Lithuania10 87612 2211 345
Eastern Europe else1 1721 25482
North America and Oceania55359643
Asia1 5041 670166
Africa37439016
South and Central America20122322
Stateless and unknown133119-14

Table 12 
Employed (15-74 years), by immigrant-background and world region. 4th quarter

Employed (15-74 years), by immigrant-background and world region. 4th quarter1
2017Change last year
Absolute figuresPer cent share in each group2016 - 2017
Number of employedPercentage points
1As from 2015, the statistics are based on new data sources (a-ordningen), see further details in «About the statistics». The total number of employed persons is no longer coordinated with the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as before 2015, and does not correspond any more with LFS’s total number of employed. The figures for 2015 and onwards are therefore not comparable with the figures for previous years. For more information, see the article linked to the 2015-figures: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27
Population in total2 444 51775.330 3610.5
 
Non-immigrant population2 044 10977.713 3090.5
 
Immigrants, total400 40865.017 0521.0
The Nordic Countries43 58179.3-8280.4
Western Europe except the Nordic Countries and Turkey41 96673.96790.7
EU members in Eastern Europe121 39673.74 7401.3
Eastern Europe outside of EU34 50167.31 9461.7
North America and Oceania6 51067.41680.7
Asia103 67356.16 4640.8
Africa35 99948.63 2472.6
South and Central America12 78265.86361.6

About the statistics

The statistics show the employment rate within the immigrant population in total additionally divided into gender and country background. These figures are compared to the employment within the rest of the population. The statistics also gives information about employed short-term immigrants.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Employed persons are persons who performed work for pay for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages.

Immigrants are persons born abroad by foreign born parents.

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents are persons that are born in Norway with two parents that are born in another country, and that have additionaly four grandparents that are born in another country then Norway.

Country background Country background is the person's own, the mother's or possibly the father's country of birth. Persons without an immigrant background always have Norway as country background. In cases where the parents have different countries of birth the mother's country of birth is chosen. If neither the person nor the parents are born abroad, country background is chosen from the first person born abroad in the order mother's mother, mother's father, father's mother, father's father. Country of birth is mainly the mother'c country of recidence when the person was born.

We only have information about the country background from persons With a social Security number. for persons With a temporarily social Security number (D-number), we only have information on citizenship.

Citizenship is citizenship in the reference week.

Period of recidence shows the period an immigrant have lived in Norway in the Statistical year on the file.

Person-related characteristics

The characteristics of residence, gender and age are taken from the Population Register.

Residence information is at the end of the reference week for the period 2001-2014 (3rd week in November). From 2015, residence information is at the end of the statistical month.

Information about age is at the end of the year for the period 2001-2005. From 2006, the age definition changed from age at the end of the year to age at the end of the reference week (3rd week in November). At the same time, the lower age limit as employed was lowered from 16 to 15 years in line with international recommendations. From 2015, age is registered as of 16 November.

Information about the immigration category, country of origin and residence is obtained from Statistics Norway's population statistics system

Residents are defined as persons registered in the Central Population Register and also include temporary residents with a planned stay in Norway for six months or more.

Non-residents are defined as persons registered in the Central Population Register with a planned stay in Norway in less than six months. Non-residents include persons with a temporary social security number (D-number) or registered as emigrants, but work in Norway.

Employer-related characteristics

The characteristics of workplace and industry are obtained from the Business and Enterprise Register and apply to the business where the person works. For self-employed persons who cannot be linked to either business or enterprise, the business of the self-employed person is the Source of information on residence, education and Family. The place of employment for seafarers and defense personnel is equal to the municipality of residence for residents.

Information about the sector is based on institutional sectoral grouping and is obtained from the Business and Enterprise Register.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the revised Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

Distribution by municipality follows municipal list per. 1.1. in the production year for the statistics.

Statistics Norway's use of names in immigrant-related statistics is linked to the Standard for Grouping Persons by Immigration Background

The following sections are used for grouping persons by immigrant background:

  • Born in Norway with two Norwegian-born parents
  • Immigrants
  • Norwegian-born with immigrant parents.
  • Foreign-born with one Norwegian-born parent.
  • Norwegian-born with one foreign-born parent.
  • Foreign-born with two Norwegian-born parents (includes foreign-adopted)

In our labor market statistics for immigrants, the three latter groups are usually merged with the first. These four groups are called "the population otherwise" or "the rest of the population."

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education Revised 2000 (NOS C 617).

Breakdown by municipality is in accordance with the list of municipalities as of 1 January in the year the statistics are produced.

World regions of birth (tables 1 &– 5, 7, 8 and 13): The Nordic countries, Western Europe else, EU-countries in Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe else, Northern America and Oceania, Asia, Africa and Latin America.

EU countries in Eastern Europe (tables 1 &– 5, 7, 8 and 13): Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria.

Country group of birth (tables 6, 10-12):

Group 1 (The Nordic countries, Western Europe else, EU-countries in Eastern Europe , Northern America, Australia and New-Zealand).

Group 2 (Eastern Europe outside the EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New-Zealand).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Employment among immigrants, register-based
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

Municipality, County and the whole country

Frequency and timeliness

Annual per 4th quarter

International reporting

Some to OECD

Microdata

Not relevant

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics show the proportion of immigrants and Norwegian born with immigrant parents who are employed. Employment figures for immigrants and Norwegian born with immigrant parents in total, by sex and country of origin, are compared with the rest of the population.

The purpose is to describe employment and industry distribution at a detailed regional level among immigrants and employed short-term immigrants stays in Norway

As of 2018, statistics on Employed short-term immigrants is shut down and the statistics bank tables from these statistics are published together with the immigrant tables. The purpose of including this group is to describe the situation for wage earners on short-term stays in Norway, ie persons working in Norway without being registered resident according to the Central Population Register (the criterion is that one is expected to stay for at least six months in the country). This applies, for example, to persons commuting to work in Norway for longer and shorter periods of time. Persons living abroad can thus have a working relationship in Norway that extends over several years.

Users and applications

Public administration and local government, researchers, business organizations and the media are the key users of the statistics.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

Starting in 2015

The figures have the same number of figures as the Employment, register-based statistics, which until 2014 were built on various public registers, where NAV's Aa Register was the most important. From 2015, reporting from the employers to the Aa registry and some reports to the Tax Administration and Statistics Norway were collected in a new joint reporting solution called the a-ordningen. See more information about the a-ordningen under "Production."

The total number of wage earners in total was determined by the number of wage earners in the Labor Force Surveys (LFS) before 2015. Now it is determined from just the register numbers, and therefore the sample uncertainty that followed the LFS figures is missing. The numbers from 2015 will thus differ from the LFS figures, while they are quite similar at country level for the period 2000-2014.

Previously, there have been published statistics of workers by occupational and workplace. The employee statistics are based on data from the Aa registry, and comprise about 80 per cent of the employed (see Employees by Housing and Labour Employees by Workplace Municipality and Industry).

there are also published more detailed figures for Health care personnel based on data from the registry-based employment statistics, but where the specification of the population has been extended to include non-residents as well as second jobs. For more information on these statistics, see the individual statistics "About the statistics". With regard to the measurement of employment in national accounts and other economic statistics, there are other international recommendations that apply than for the labour market statistics. Here, you are based on resident production units / companies and not in residents. The issue was discussed more closely with the latest publication of  quarterly national accounts figures.

The statistics Number of employments also shows an overview of the number of wage earners on short-term stays and immigrants. These statistics are also based on the a-ordningen.

Until 2018,Employed short-term immigrants was a own statistics. In the statistics bank there are numbers for only wage earners on short-term stays from previous years. Read more about this statistic in the '' About Statistics '' in the referenced link.

Legal authority

The Statistical Act $3-2 (Administrative Registers)

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistics of immigrants include settled persons 15-74 years who have worked for at least one hour in the reference week or who were temporarily absent from such work. The exception is persons resident in Norway with a workplace abroad.

In addition to resident immigrants, there are also published tables of employed short-term immigrants (non-residents).

From 2000-2014 the reference week the third week in November. From 2015, the reference week is the week containing the 16th, which is generally 3rd week in November.

From 4th quarter 2007 reference week has changed from beginning November to 3rd week in November. Surveys so far suggest that this only gives less results in the figures.

Data sources and sampling

Data Sources

Starting in 2015

From 2015, reporting from the employers to the NAV Aa registry and some reports to the Tax Administration and Statistics Norway were collected in a new joint reporting solution called the a-ordningen. The A-ordningen is a coordinated digital collection of employment, income and tax deductions for the Tax Administration, NAV and Statistics Norway. The scheme entails that Statistics Norway receives information about salaries and employees directly from the a-meldingen, which is the electronic message containing all the information collected instead of several different sources as today. On the website https://www.skatteetaten.no/bedrifts-og-organisation/arbeidsgiver/a-meldingen/ is more information about the scheme.

The A-ordningen has replaced NAV's Employer / Employee Register (Aa Registry) and Payroll and Deduction Register (LTO Registry). In addition to the a-ordningen, other registers are used, the most important being the tax return register administered by the Tax Directorate, the register of consular officers from Vernepliktsverket and the Unit Register.

Employees who are not residents also use registers of persons / employment from the Central Tax Office for Foreign Affairs (SFU). Norwegian and foreign business operators and public bodies shall provide the SFU with information about workers on assignments at the place of construction and assembly activities, the Norwegian Continental Shelf or at the place under the control of the contractor in Norway. Information shall be provided when the contractor is a company domiciled abroad or a resident of a foreign country. The reporting obligation also includes any subcommittees.

The registrations mentioned above as well as several other registers, such as NAV's ARENA registry, which provide data on unemployed persons and persons on government measures, are used  to quality assure the data.

4th quarter 2001 - 4th quarter 2014

Data for register-based employment among immigrants is based on several different registries. The most important are NAV's Employer / Employee Register (Aa Register), Payroll and Trafficking Register (LTO) and Tax Records Registry, administered by the Tax Directorate, the Registry of Consular Officers and Civilian Workers from the Vernepliktsverket and Civil Service Administration, and the Unit Register.

The Aa registry is the main source of data on wage earners, but the payroll and trafficking register constitutes an important supplement by capturing payroll conditions that are not reported to the Aa registry. Both registries have employment (jobs) as a unit. The tax return register is the main source of information about self-employed persons. The unit register, and the Enterprise and Business Register provide information about the companies where the employees work. In addition, supplementary data from a number of other sources are used to quality assure data from the registries mentioned above: NAV's ARENA registry, which provides data on unemployed persons and persons on government measures, state employee statistics, municipal government statistics, wage statistics for employees in the private sector, sickness absence register etc.

The demarcation of employees is thus based on a number of different sources, and a system has been developed in Statistics Norway for a total utilization of these. The systems include modules for consistency processing between different data sources, selection of key working conditions and classification as employed.

selection

Full Count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection A-ordningen: Statistics Norway receives data monthly from the ETAT Joint Undertaking (EFF), a management unit subject to the Tax Administration, which manages the scheme on behalf of the three etat's that own the data; Tax Administration, NAV and Statistics Norway.

NAV Aa register: Statistics Norway (SSB) received weekly files of change from the Aa registry, as well as an annual total withdrawal. The Aa registry has been replaced by the a-ordningen from 1.1.2015.

Salary and deduction register: As of 1.1.2015, the LTO registry has been replaced by the a-ordningen.

Tax return register: Statistics Norway annually extracts the data from the Norwegian Tax Directorate.

Register of civil servants and conscripts: Statistics Norway received quarterly files from the Vernepliktsverket and Siviltjenesteadministrasjonen at Dillingøy until 2014. The data is processed and assembled into a register containing annual information. From 2015, Statistics Norway receives monthly files from Vernepliktsverket.

Unit Register / Business and Enterprises Register: Business-related variables such as workplace municipality and industry are obtained from the Unit Register and Statistics Norway's Business and Enterprise Register.

Central Tax Office for Foreign Affairs: Statistics Norway receives monthly total deductions from the SFU.

For the two most important registries on which production is based from 2015, control and auditing will take place as follows:

A scheme

Multiple check checks are carried out:

  • Business rules at the reception of the United Nations Joint Management (EFF)
  • In Statistics Sweden's production system for pay and employment

Business rules (controls) at the reception of EFF:

After the a-meldingen has been received by EFF, a number of business rules (controls) are executed to detect errors in the submitted information. Small and medium-sized companies will receive feedback in a short period of time (less than one minute), while large companies have to wait a little longer.

Business rules and error messages are documented on the a-order pages:https://www.skatteetaten.no/bedrifts-og-organisation/arbeidsgiver/a-meldingen/

Controls in Statistics Norway's production plans:

In the production plan, a number of controls and automated measures are implemented, aiming at ensuring data quality for statistical purposes. We distinguish between three types of controls:

a) Automatic controls and measures

b) Reports (monitoring)

c) Manual controls

In addition to this, checks will be carried out throughout the year regardless of publication.

Controls aimed at detecting defects and deficiencies that should be corrected are mainly aimed at working conditions. Many checks have been made which show errors and shortcomings in the time-to-date full-time position and employment rate, combined with other characteristics such as working conditions, working time and remuneration type, including:

  • Time full-time is missing
  • Time count full time likely error reported
  • The time total full-time deviates from the reported work schedule
  • Time count full time extremely high or low
  • percentage of employment is missing

In the production plan, many registered employment conditions are removed (not considered active) because there is no registered salary in the employment relationship during the reference month. This may apply to seasonal workers who have not worked in the reference month (and therefore have not received a salary), where there is (wrongly) no reported end date of terminated employment conditions and cases where people have been incorrectly reported with active employment (e.g. Persons on a weekly list who have not worked during the period).

Tax returns Register

A number of machine checks are carried out for the tax return register. First, it is checked whether the sum of sub items matches the main items from the tax return. It is further investigated whether extreme values ​​are logical in relation to the rest of the tax return. Internal consistency checks are also carried out.

Until 2014, when the Aa registry and the LTO registry were the main sources, control and audit occurred as follows:

NAV performs a yearly audit of the Aa register. A selection of employers with manual reporting is sent lists of all persons who have been registered with active employment. Errors are reported to the NAV Aa register. Statistics Norway controls that multi-enterprise companies have their own numbers for each business, and that employees are associated with the right business. Furthermore, professional codes are checked. Errors detected are reported to the employer via NAV for registrations. This is important for proper information about industry and workplace municipality.

In addition, Statistics Norway makes automatic checks and adjustments based on reasonableness of total working hours in employee relationships, by the existence of wage income from the payroll and treasury records and that the person is not to be registered as fully unemployed according to NAV's ARENA registry. A complete overview of controls and machining can be found in "Register-based Employment Statistics". Documentation (Note 2010/08)

 

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

According to the common rules for this at Statistics Norway

Comparability over time and space

Register-based employment among immigrants was first published in connection with FoB2001, where figures for Q4 2000 were also included.

About new data

Registry-based employment statistics are based on a new data base for wage earners from 2015. The main source until 2014 was NAV's Employee Register (Aa-register). In 2015, reporting to NAV to this register was coordinated with reporting of salary and personnel data to the Tax Administration and Statistics Norway. The common reporting system is called the a-ordningen. The A-ordningen generally provides a better data base because it is more accurate at the individual level and that it covers more payroll relationships than the Aa registry. Furthermore, it allows for more frequent publishing of wage earners. It will provide very detailed figures for developments in the labour market. This applies, among other things, to statistics on municipality level by age and industry.

Change in time series

With the transition to the new data base from 2014 to 2015, we get more precise figures for the number of employed. The number of employed was 60,000 lower in the new data base than in the old scheme, which was based on the employment rate of employed persons in the Labour Force Surveys (LFS). Compared with the total number of employed, the difference is the message 2.4 percent, but it means that the number of employees in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to the fourth quarter of 2015 does not indicate an actual change. Therefore, when you want a change in the national level between 2014 and 2015, you should use LFS with numbers for people employed in Norway. You can also use quarterly national accounts that provide numbers for employed by industry. Quarterly national accounts also include those who work in Norway without being a part of the Norwegian population.

Overall, Statistics Norway estimates that the quality of the registry-based employment statistics has improved since 2015. Due to computer challenges, too, in the new registry, we do not currently publish tables on working hours. Efforts are being made to improve reporting quality, while SSB is testing methods for adjusting for reporting errors. Tables of working hours will therefore come eventually.

Data from 4th Quarter 2001 - 4th Quarter 2014:

The production of figures for the fourth quarter of 2004 produced revised figures for residents in the fourth quarter of 2003. This is partly due to improvements in the production plan and partly to improvements in data reported to the registers on which the statistics are based.

Improvements in the production plan affect wage earners in small jobs where information about actual workplace has been inadequate. Especially in the government administration of Oslo this resulted. Due to the fact that the new scheme has been run on figures for the fourth quarter of 2003, this should not be a mistake in the fourth quarter 2004 change figures.

For the primary municipalities, there have been shortcomings in the reporting to the Aa registry previously, and a quality improvement was started towards the end of 2004. This is mainly based on a more correct distribution of employees in the various parts of the municipalities. Most of the improvements have been included in the data base for the fourth quarter of 2005.

From 2006, the lower age limit was counted as employed decreased from 16 to 15 years, in line with international recommendations. At the same time, the age definition changed from age at the end of the year to age at the end of the reference week. This resulted in 10,000 more employed in Q4 2005, as new comparable figures have also been created.

By publishing figures for Q4 2009, one went over to a new standard for industry grouping (SN2007). This resulted in a break compared with previous years. At the same time, comparable figures were published for the fourth quarter of 2008 according to a new nutrition standard.

To read about revisions made by the figures for employed short-term immigrants, see '' about the statistics '' at https://www.ssb.no/kortsys.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Starting in 2015

Self-employed persons are identified by the tax return register. Due to the long production time, information on business activities from the previous year was based on the compilation of the statistics. As a consequence of this time shift, people can thus be mistakenly classified as employed if they completed the business the previous year.

The total number of employed was determined by LFS until 2015 and divided between wage earners and self-employed persons. Starting in 2015, only the number of self-employed persons determined by LFS. For wage earners, therefore, the sample uncertainty that followed the LFS figures will be eliminated. On the other hand, the level of wage earners is a little too low.

2001-2014

For persons defined as wage earners only on the basis of information from the payroll and trades register (about 10 per cent of wage earners), we do not have information on the period of the employment. For about half of who this applies to, information is gathered from other administrative sources that help date the employment. For the remainder, wage information is based on whether a person is considered to be employed. There is therefore some uncertainty about the employment relationship actually being active in the reference week.

For large enterprises with many businesses, the distribution of employees in the Aa register is sometimes inadequate. This can give noticeable results in changes in municipality level when such errors occur and when corrected.

Because the basis registers do not provide secure information about all those employed at the reference date, the land survey for wage earners and independents from the interview survey, Labor Force Surveys (LFS), is used to determine the same size in the register-based employment statistics. This means that the sample uncertainty in LFS is also reflected in the registers for employed at the country level.

Some people do not get links to SSB files with information about immigrant category, country of birth etc. Most of the people who lived during the fiscal year. In these cases, citizenship is used as a substitute for a country of origin provided that he / she is a foreign citizen and the person is assigned a code for immigrant. This information may be revised next year when a new file with immigration data is available.

Revision

Not relevant